Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 09, 1916, Page 6, Image 6
THE BEE: OMAHA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1916. Health , Hints Fashions -:- Woman's Work -.-- Household Topics Riddle of Infantile Paralysis By WOODS HUTCHINSON M.D. One mystery after another con fronts us when we attempt to solve the riddle of the plague. A most serious obstacle to the early investi gators, in line with the great diffi culty which they found the disease had in spreading from one human pa tient to another, was thst it was ab solutely impossible to infect any or dinary experimental animal with the disease. For decades this ' obstacle held us fast,, until it occurred to one of the bacteriologists that it was just possible the, disease could be com municated to the animal nearly allied to man, the monkey. . This guess 'proved a fortunate one, and within a year or so of the time that monkeys were tried it was clearly proven, first, that the disease could be conveyed from the spinal cord of babies who -had died of it to monkeys, producing the characteristics paralysis in them, and from these monkeys it could be transmitted to other monkeys. So clear and positive were these re sults that Flcxher, for instance, at the Rockefeller . institute, succeeded in carrying the virus of the disease through twenty-five successive gen erations. Incidentally, it may be re marked that the utilization of our nearest animal relative, the monkey, for experimental purposes, has proved one of the greatest boons ever grant ed to bactcriologiq science, Through them 'and through them alone has been proven, within a short decade, the germ cause and method of trans mission of three, such "widespread and terrible diseases as cerebrospinal meningitis, syphilis and sleeping sick ness. But, unfortunately, from a practi cal point of view, monkeys are only one shade better than no animal at all, because they are extremely ex pensive, very difficult to keep healthy in captivity, subject not merely to in fantile paralysis, but to almost every other disease known to humanity and liable to die with the most heart breaking suddenness and frequency of acute pneumonia or even of bron chitis, following a common cold, right in the middle of a most important and HOTELS AND RESORTS, Vestgate llote ' At Th Junotlon , On Mihud Palawan at Ninth Kansas City, Mo. 175 ,g 25 Boohs Rooms at at I 1 Every f? ! 1 Room Entry Room Hat' Prtvati . Battt Has Outside Abtoluttly Flnpnof JAMES KETNER Bayfield Inn ' Bayfield, Wisconsin Cool and eomfortab!. Immunity front hay fiver and resplrslory troublet. Flab--Intf la Lake Superior; troat atrssma or inland lk. Writ lor Information. vital experiment. When brought to the cold and shivery north from the hot and 'steamy atmosphere of their native tropics, even when given steam heat and every other comfort their average lifetime in captivity is only about a year or a year and a half. And as they must be used in hundreds to solve the problem of so serious and difficult a disease as infantile par alysis, tne patn ot research;: is still full of difficulties.:' i i iojjj Finally and most baffling1 of ; all, although the disease could be' trans mitted with absolute certainty by taking scrapings from the surface of the spinal cord of one monkey, and rubbing them thoroughly into'; the mucos membrane of the nfcse of an other, though the spread of the infec tion could be traced, not through the general circulation, but along and through some curious small veins and lymphatics which pass from the roof of the nose right up through a spongy place in the base of the skull directly to the under-surface of the brain and from that backward and donwward to the spinal cord, or the lymph in the infected veins and lym phatics of the roof of- the nose, were examined under the most powerful of microscipes, with .the advantages of every known device of contrast-staining and tinting, nothing even re sembling a germ could be discovered. Not only so, but when this virus, a mere drop or two of which would certainly produce paralysis and death when injected into a monkey's nose, war put into the very finest and least permeable of porcelain niters, whose pores could only be measured in ten thousandths of an inch, it would pass through absolutely unchanged and be just as virulent after filtering as before.- With only two " exceptions, every other known disease germ would have been filtered out of the solution by passing through such a chamberland filter. The only approach that could be made toward seeing the germs of infantile paralysis was by the method known as trans-illumination or cross lighting of the microscopic stage by means 01 very powerful rays ot light thrown by a prism .which will enable one to see, not the germs themselves, but their greatly enlarged shadows. When a drop of the virus of infantile paralysis was examined in this way a number of bright points of light and vague rings could be seen, which were oresumbaly the shadows of the ausal germ, but these were so vague tnd shifting that no distinctive or cognizable outline could be made nit, -'. Horsemeat Shops in Paris In Paris the bronzed 'horse's head denotes the location of "boucheries hippophagiques," or horse-meat shops. Since the early seventies of the last century hipprjphagy has grown so in popularity that there is now no considerable town in France that has not one or more sliope for the saleof horseflesh,' ' HOTELS AND RESORTS. LI SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES. St Martha s School KRMvHta, tllluU. FOR QlftLt mm to II. Affiliated with Bt. M try's School. Fsmllr IU lld to twsntr fWa. a school of rntid study and pis. Modem firturoof bulldlnc. Xlnss teres of outdoor playground. All branoh Urouih eiiUi fr4e. also ewtnat, Cooktiit, Bw.mn.iug, etc. , Plant, Animal aid Bird lift observed la their Natural iwmunriltwre, EMtetleeal advaatate la French, tternaa. Draw tei, atutle (dally Musni). Oanelra, eta. Ne a. Ires Metal mmtH. Tern openi BeiHembaf 14, tut 'eoaedule of aerk and play" address VIM MA PEAK NOWAHt THEPLAZA NEW YORK i Wwld't Famous Hotal Opposite Central Park , tS9tbStraat - UoM to All rhntras utd ; ; Shops SUMMER - GARDEN and Outdoor Tarrae ' Cool and Refreshing Place to Dine ; rVs Jr KwraaMM 7W FRED STERRY Marwfiat Dtractor ' ROOMS, WITH BATH I3J0 UP 1 "La Belle Dame Sans Merci" Bri w .aw vvw ww w w vw we " J Copyright, HIS, International Now Bervlc. ; SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES. THE KEARNEY MILITARY ACADEMY KSARNEY. NEBRASKA. , . TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. :; AIMl.' " To provid thorough menu!, moral and physical training at th lowest terms consistent with efficient work. For boya from . . .... .v -v.v. , , (. je, chargeel 1350.00. LOCATION! . Two mile from Kearney, the Piatt Valley. EQUIPMENT, . acree of land. Four buildings. Cymtuulam, swimming . , pool, . Separate lower aehool building. FACUl.TYi - ':.' " , t'ollera graduate with buatneaa eyperlenre. ' - COURbESl Coltve preimraUiry: commereial law and business mrthuris; . ., . manual training; macbanHial drawing; agrieultura and animal busbandry. ATHLETICS! . Football, baaebalU . baaketball, track. - tennis. awimmng. ealiatbeniea. , t CATALOGUE! Addmi Harry Roberta Drummond, HeadmasUr. " "EFFICIENCY IS THE TEST OF EDUCATION - ... WARE if your heart falls' into her handsl She is the faery-woman who never grows up. The childlikeness in her eyes that fascinates you ' is only another proof of her cruelty; for children are barbarous and the chief light in their eyes is curiosity. Remembering all you have given, accepting your offering in her small soft fingers, she will forget all gratitude in contemplating the curious spectacle ot your heart thrust through with, an arrow and crying in When Vegetables Are Plenty ruby drops I She will hold it tight and her eyes will glow and bright en. Another toy I Yesterday, when she was a little girl, she watched a dragon-fly skip over the water on his long legs, and studied the white, woolly rabbit that squeaked when she hugged him. Today she, turns your heart over and over and smiles in delight, and the shine in her eyes is the very same as over the woolly rabbit. 'Ware the wom an who never grows up. "La Belle Dame Sans Merci." NELL BRINKLEY. With the market full of vegetables at fairly moderate prices it is a coin partively easy thing to cater for a family at this time of the year. Vegetables, are' more popular than heavy meats' when the weather is warm and several different kinds of vegetables should appear upon the menu. Jellied Tnmato Bouillon. Baked Steak. Queen Peaa. Potato Rlbbona. raullflowsr a la Varenne. IV'hlta Cabbaro Baled. Cheese. Cracker. . Chocolate Hold. - Ctam Bisque. : Two cupfuls of white stock from veal or chicken, one teaspoonful chopped parsley, one blade of mace, two cupfuls of chopped clams, one cupful of cream, salt and pepper to taste (cayenne pepper), two table spoonfuls butter, two tablespoonfuls flour. Cook clams in the white stock, strain" reserve liquor and chopped clams, press through a sieve, add but ter and flour, cook together season ings and cream for five minutes, add yolk of egg well beaten and serve.. Baked Steak. Select a thick steak. Rub well with liDRETTOCbLLEGE WSBSTEB GROVES. ST. LOUIS. MO. &.-.?0.Afty,NO fiD DAT afHOOL FOB YOUNO LADIBg AND GIRMk II -,. Websirr Oravea. the moat beautiful suburb of St. Louie. Building absolutely fireproof, provided throughout with the heat and most afodarn salutary ! provvinenta aad equipped with the lateat school appliances. Wall furulshel .lodiuituat roome and dormitories. Location convenient and Ideal. The Jt'gular Courses offered an the College, the Academlo nd te Pre..;' rslor. Three distinct courses are pursued Ip the College DrparMaem. lesdlnj respectively to the degree of A. B., 8.' a. and B. L Vnir yeera of , High School work prepare th atudent for College Couroea loading to 'ties r.''J'M..y"".;!'" JS"t '" " "ratory Departmeu fit th student .1 take up.tb High School work. JHeKpeclel Coureea glvea ere those of Muale. Art. Oral Eipresslo. th Language. Household Economies and th Commercial Course. The Coa ervsiory ofMusIc offer coure In Piano. Violin, Harp, Pip Orgaa. Voice, r?'AI.4rTtlny' Counterpoint, History of Huslc, Music form and Analysis .Choral Singing and eneemble wrh. t 's "-I""""10.'?. '" direction of th Sister of Lnrotto of aUa-" lucky. Classes will be organised on Wednesday. September nth, mi. e.., ''"'PI'oosI advantagea for a thorough, refined education amid beejth' Ml aad, inspiring surrounding roe catalogue addr.se, . MOltlEJt ht PfcHIOlt, Lorocto Colleav, Dept O. ; . Wetwtcv Orovea, St. Loula, Mo. A aaaall sues wsek. ly r aeMthly makes ye th eweer a( a splendid Diamond ejr tkar articl ol felgh grade lewelry. , . ars D lam one) Ring-, 14b solid gold, Loftls "Per-f-tf" AA meunting. . . .ertv SI Weak. N. 4 Men's Die. mond Ring, S prong tooth mounting, CCC 14k solid gold.. SI. OS s Week Open JMfe mi p. at. .Wsraoy Till I.N Call or write for Illustrated catalog No. 01. Phone Dougma 1444 and aaleemut will oall with any rtlel you deslr. . n0rTI5"E"jj? pepper and salt; place in pan and put on top very thin slices of one-half lemon; sprinkle with paprika, then cover with three tablespoonfuls cat sup, one teaspoon Worcestershire sauce and a good lump of Incited fat. Bake fifteen minutes in a hot oven. About five minutes before serving, add three onions, parboiled and drained, to the steak. Potato Ribbons. Four large potatoes, frying fat, salt and pepper. Peel the potatoes, and cut them in fine shavings round and round the potato, as if peeling them in ribbons of equal length. Throw the shavings into a drying pan with boiling fat, and fry a golden brown. Move them constantly with a silver fork to keep the pieces separate. Drain them and pile lightly on a dish, sprinkle with pepper and salt and serve hot. Cauliflower a la Varenne. Trim a cauliflower and place it in salt and water for one hour; then put it in a saucepanf of scold water with a pinch of salt", bring it to a boil, rinse the cauliflower and put it again in boiling water seasoned with salt to boil until tender. Cut it in pieces, place it in the center of a hot dish, pour parsley sauce over and gar nish with braised carrots or a mace doine of vegetables, placing the cut up stalks of the cauliflower in the center. ' - Boiled Green Peas. " Shell the peas just before they are required; put them" into a saucepan with just enough boiling water to cover them, a sprig of mint, a little salt, and one teaspoonful sugar; boil them till tender (about fifteen to twenty minutes), with the lid off the saucepan ; when done, drain, add a little pepper and a small piece of clarified dripping, and serve at once. -1 . White Cabbage Salad. '' One firm, hard white cabbage, oil, vinegar,' salt and pepper. Remove the outer leaves of the cabbage, wash it thoroughly and shred it finely with a sharp knife. 'Mix with it a proper proportion of' oil, vinegar, salt and pepper, turn it over a few times till well mixed and serve. Red cabbage salad is made in the same way. i Chocolate Cream Mold.' One-hal ounce isinglass, one and a half pints milk or three-quarters of a pint of milk and three-quarters of a pint of cream, three ounces French chocolate, one-quarter pound lump sugar, one teaspoonful vanilla. Soak the isinglass in the milk or milk and cream.. Grate the chocolate, add the sugar and isinglass and milk; put it over the fire and let it boil up" once, stirring all the time to prevent the chocolate setting. Strain it into a basin, add the vanilla, and pour into a wetted mold when nearly cold. WsataaTalia mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmammmmmmmt OPTICAL. Optical ar.i1 SHIPP'S is a IS M4 Watch 1 SI.0D Bye -aHemmed rftssa Until Sept. L ugswes sjoasutr. 1.SWSSI rrlea. Fillets of Flounders By 'CONST AN CE CLARKE, Snle is a nonular dish with the Enar- lish, and the French also esteem it highly. The-American flounder, when fil leted, is a delicious and inexpensive dish. It is free of all bone and skin, and the flesh is delicate and fine. The flounder lends itself to every method of cooking that is given for sole. Fil lets of flounders with green peas is an appetizing way of preparing the fillets. ; Take the fillets from the fish, re move the skin and any bones (if a large one is used, cut. each fillet into four pieces), place them on a wetted board and pat them out smoothly with a thick wet knife season the out side of each fillet with a little salt and white pepper, sprinkle lightly with lemon juice, roll up the fillets, place a skewer or a wooden toothpick through them to keep them together, and place in a buttered saute pan. Sprinkle them with lemon juice, place a but tered paper over and put them to cook in a moderate oven tor about fifteen minutes, occasionally basting them over the paper with the liquor from the pan in which they are cooking. When ready dish them on a bed of green peas that havebeen plainly boned without breaking, then mixed with a little butter and finely chopped raw parsley. Serve with the sauce. Sauce for Fillets Chop up the bones from the fish and place them in a atewpan with a sliced onion, a bunch of herbs, a pinch of salt and six or eight ' peppercorns; cover with about two cups of cold water, bring to the boil and skim, then simmer on the side of the stove for about twenty minutes; strain off the liquor and mix about two cups of it into four table spoonfuls of butter, three tablespoon- ..!. nf flA.. .k- ..).. t .1 . , u .o u tiuui , .us r'l' v uucs ieiw, large tomatoes, a dust of pepper and the juice of a lemon, and stir over the fire until the mixture boils, then strain and serve while hot (Tomorrow Stuffed Eggs for a ricnic buncheonj - Fishes Surely Can Hear, Maybe Talk BY GARRETT P. SERVISS. "Th phrase 'allent sa a clam' ha mad, me wonder why It la that fish are almoa. the only animals Incapable of making vo,i sound. What la (h reason? In the anat omical conatruetlon of flshe 1 any pro vision made for vocal organs f If not, car you toll me why (lahee alone In all th animal world have no auch organ? W. M. W. Putting a;.ide ithe fact that a clam is not a fish, it may be broadly stated -that fishes have no recognized vocal organs: Nevertheless they have or gans of hearing,' though without ex ternal ears. Some fishes surely, and all possibly, can make sounds, but there is no evidence that they reg-o-larly employ these sounds as "voices. C,;il Tie rtavirl Qtarr Trtrrton. who probably knows as much about fish as any man living, remarks that "these sounds may possibly be useful to the species, but they are notNsell differentiated, nor have they been so investigated as. to Be wen unaer stood." Dr. Jordan thinks that the "grat-' ing" sounds made by some fishes , ,i arise from the pharyngeal bones; be- . J; hind the gills, while the "singing" sAnnrii i (- i-i nv fiinir Tisnes iiriui- nate in the air-bladder. - There' is a peculiar "singing fish" known on the California coast as "the midshipman," which may be a joking name origi nating among sailors. . , ' If we could only live in the water for a while we might come out with some surprisfng information about the "voices," and the iearing powers, as well as the intelligence, of fishes. But, in fact, the water world is al- , most unknown to us, except through ' a few narrow ways of inference, and this in spite of the fact that, if we J-.-.1 trace our ancestral lines far back in geological time, we find that we our- o; selves must have sprung from the V ' ocean. :- There are certain nervous terrors - which we inherit that may also, pos- r sibly, be traced back to the times '.!'., when our aquatic forebears sought t m refuge from arrowy enemies in the tremulous shadows of sea-caverns. Although ichthyologists say little ;- about the subject, there are some very suKKestive facts which seem to indi cate that fishes were not provided with hearing solely to enable them to escaoe from their toes, sucn toes, tor , instance, as cunning piscators, like old , , Izaak Walton, stealing silently along the banks of a trout stream and ,k, drooDinsr aopetizing baits into the ' water, with only the sounds that a . buzzing fly might make. I risk no .' scientific reputation in quoting an in- - teresting story told by Dr. C. C. Ab- , bott as an indication that fishes may .k even have a language. . Dr. Abbott was floating in nis Doat over a quiet spot in Poaetquissing :: r creek, in New Jersey, where bottom springs pour up cool fresh water in a abundance, and this waswhat, he - saw: , '"There, for' a Space of some five iA yards square, there was nothing In-" the water save fishes; but all about, them was a dense wall of water-mill- foil and other aquatic plants. The fish were accustomed to the boat and moved to and fro leisurely, from side ; ',o to side on the weedless space, or -i: were stationary. Suddenly a large rnacn dashed into the midst of them, ,1. and instantly every fish was still as-- a stone, ihe roach nesitatea for a '; moment and was gone, and with it vanished everv fish in that open space. The others, somehow, learned of danger from this roach, and, asit proved, none too soon, for no sooner had the many small fishes i disap peared than a dozen large ' white perch made their appearance and roamed about the clear space above the spring, evidently in surprise or disappointment. As plainly as a man might startle a crowd by a cry . of fire' or 'murder,' that roach in formed the fishes that were gathered in the clear waters below me that they .must seek safety by flight." Now, in connection with this story and Dr. Abbott's fame as a careful observer needs no bush take the following fact, established by scien tific authority: In many fishes the swim bladder has intimate relations with the hearing organ. In the sim plest condition these relations con sist in the prolongation forward of the swim bladder as a blindly ending tube on either side, the blind end coming into direct contact either with the'wall of the octocist (hear ing organ) itself, or with the fluid surrounding it through a.gjp in the rigid periotic capsule. A wave of compression, causing a slight inward movement of the swim bladder wall will bring about a greatly magnified movement of that part of the wall which is in relation with the interior of the auditory cap sule. In this way the perception of delicate sounds may be rendered much more perfect. So, after all, although they have no external ears, fishes seem to nos- scaa oti rtuuiiuiy ouuareimy exceed ing wtu iiucu tu give mem informa tion through sounds. The medium in which they live is dense and elastic, and conveys sound between four and five times more rapidly than the air v does. ( - .''' Every fisherman knows! hovs' softly he must tread when approaching the lurking places of trout. Who knows '" but that fishes, have some means of ; making sounds, inaudible or un,io- ticeable to us, which serve to con- "Ij. vey information as comprehensible in its way as the cries of birds, the barking of dogs or the whinneying , of horses? The roach that Dr. Abbott saw "m did something during that dramatic instant of motionlessness which viv idly conveyed to his little friends a V" warning which all understood simul taneously; why should it not have ',',? been a ''voice that he utteredl All sh language is not spoken with tongues - or spoiled with grammar, " To Roast a Small Joint ; ; In order to economize gas, roast a small joint of meat over a gas ring instead of lighting the oven to do it. Well grease a saucepan or casserole. put the meat into it (with plenty of w extra uiiiipiuaia bu tnat mere snail be no risk of burning), put it Over a gas jet turned very low,, and let it cook. Turn and baste the meat often, and it gets beautifully brown and ten der. . - .