Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 23, 1916, NEWS SECTION, Page 10, Image 10
10 A THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: JULY 23, 1916! - CHALMERS ANNUAL ' ODTINGTOBORROW Some Employe to Oet Oar as Prise in Contest of Best Ideas. THOUSANDS WILL ATTEND Detroit, Mich., July 22. Over 5,000 Chalmers employes and their families will be guests of the Chalmers Motor company, at the annual Chalmers out ing to be held at Bois Blanc island in the lower Detroit river tomorrow. The big Chalmers plant will be closed (or the day. Two of the largest EaSsenger steamers running out of letroit have been chartered to carry the big throng. Chief among the events of the day will be the award by Hugh Chalmers of t $1,090 Chalmers Six-30 touring car, to the employe who has turned in the most valuable suggestion to the company daring the past six months. An additional $500 in gold will be divided among other employes according to the merit of their sug gestions. Interest in the suggestion contest since last anuary has reach ed white heat, and the men and women who have turned in ideas for improving Chalmers cars and manu facturing methods, are eagerly await ing the decision of the judges. Big Day Promised Cash prizes have also been hung up for the winners of the various ath letic events scheduled for the day. Among the many events on the pro gram ere: Prize dancing ' contest; ladies' comedy race; pie-eating con test; egg race for girls; tug-of-war be tween departments; . departmental relay race; shoe and potato races; three-legged races; fat men's race; 100 yard dashes for men and boys and obstacle races. A baseball game between crack players of the manu facturing departments and offices promises to be hotly contested. To provide for any in need of medi cal attention, a staff of doctors and nurses from the Chalmers company will have a special tent where all casea of illness will be treated. Saxon Gars Relay : ' , Across Country Racing at top speed for stretches of about seventy-five miles each, fifty-two Saxon Six motor cars will relay from New York to San Fran cisco, by way of demonstrating what can be done with a motor car as the bearer . of messages over 1 long dis tances. ' Starting Saturday morning from New York City, a Saxon car will enter the Lincoln highway and will travel the first lap of the journey. Just before the start a message from Mayor Mitchel of New Yoric to Mayor Rolf of San Francisco wilt be handed the driver and this will be passed along the line and finally de livered at the city on the Golden Gate. ". This relay race, the first of its kind to be run, is to be another demon stration of Saxon ability and en durance. Two weeks ago, 206 Sax on entered a 300-mile non-stop run and proved the economy of a Saxon in the matter of fuel consumption. Now fifty-two of these can will dem onstrate that they can go at an ex press train speed and show no signs of Strain, over both smooth and rough roads. - Tire Company Stands ' By Its Statement President J. N. Gunn of the United States Tire company, when asked if the new ruling of the War depart ment would influence the attitude of the company toward its militia em ployes, it is asserted, made the fol lowing statement: . "I want yon to understand that the action of this company was taken ad visedly. When we decided to grant full pay to all employes called on active service, we did so without a single reservation. The United States Tire company and its parent organi sation, . the United States Rubber company, both feel that as American corporations they owe a duty to the country to support and aid its mili tary organization. The officers of both companies feel that, even if there is no real trouble along the Mexican border, our National Guard will ob tain an invaluable experience, and we ' are willing and glad to contribute to their obtaining a thorough military education, and believe it to be our duty to relieve them from financial worry while so doing." Maxwell Makes Good ; On 5,600-Mile Tour With the speedometer of his Max welt touring car registering more than 5,600 miles, W. S. Gilbreath, field secretary of the Dixie Highway asso ciation, motored into Detroit last week, after an extended trip through the south, where he has been preach- inf the gospel of good roads. ; . Naturally, Mr. Gilbreath sought those sections of the south where the travel was roughest to make his mes sage more effective. He drove his Maxwell over roads that seemed im passable and the car responded to the severe test in great style. The Dixie highway .secretary,' passing through Detroit, called at the general offices of the Maxwell company to pay a per sonal tribute to the prowesa of the car. "I have never seen a car get a hard er pounding," he said, "and the way it stood up. under the strain proved it to be a marvel in construction. It not only stood the wear and tear of the rough roads in fine style, but it made some speed records and some econ omy records of which to be proud." Goes on Long Outing In Her Automobile Mrs. Bessie C. Daisey, ad enthu siastic motorist, is leaving on an ex tended overland trip with her daugh ter in her new Paige Meadowbrook roadster. . After a few, days' visit to Lake Okoboji, Mrs. Daisey will run into .Chicago and Minneapolis, and return by. way of St Louis and Kan sas City, . -, WATER SUPPLY IS BORDER PROBLEM Goodrich Track Man Tells of Conditions Along the Mf -lean Boundary. DRILLING MANY WELLS Columbus, N. M., July 22. Diffi culty in establishing adequate sources of water supply along the arid border and the line of communications into the Mexican interior, is a handicap that is certain to result in much suf fering among northern militiamen, de clares Charles R. Serfass, stationed here by the B. F. Goodrich company. Mr. Serfass, whose job is to give Goodrich truck tire service to Uncle Sam's truck transports and keep them "on the move," has been on the ground since the week of the memor able Villa raid in March.- He has had an unusual opportunity to familiarize himself with the many conditions and incidents that have re sulted in the present wholesale mobi lization of national guardsmen along the border. ' "Men of the state troops, the, ma jority of them fresh from pursuits in civil life, are not, by any manner of means, going to enjoy a summer pic nic in this land of hot suns," says Mr. Serfass. , Water Supply Short. ' . "The greatest drawback here is the lack of water and adequate facilities for moving food and troops, both by truck and train. Moreover, if it were not for the successful work of the limited number of motor trucks now in service succeeding the army mule of older days the problem would be intensified. Much credit is due the northern truck makers for their speed in filling orders and in furnishing the government with experienced drivers and mechanics to keep the equipment in 'battleship order.' "The government is now slowly drilling wells about every two miles along the border. Each well has to be equipped with a gas engine and a reservoir tank. Since the National Guard troops commenced to arrive and establish camps, more wells than at first were deemed necessary have had to be drilled. "No more unfavorable time of the year could have been chosen for a concentration of northern men unac climated to this heat, which gets more intense as the summer advances. Then, too, the altitude makes a big difference. A great many of the northern boys are going to suffer much from the scarcity of water in the camps for drinking and bathing." Farmers Interested In Auto Trucks, Says Barker W, S. Barker, state agent for the n;; Flvr ann, avral riava last wub in .r.v.tinff iliAlit th nirat HlS- tricts, along the road to Crete, Lin- coin ana Asniana. Barker renorts excellent crop con ditions and a growing enthusiasm over motor-driven pleasure and work vehicles. , . . , ' . J' GUARDS AGAINST FIRE Expert Tells How Electric Charges Accumulate jn Filling , Auto Tanks. HOW TO PREVENT EXPLOSIONS "In the last few months, many ar ticles have appeared in the automobile papers giving accounts of fires said to have been caused by sparks result ing form charges of electricity gener ated by the straining of, gasoline through chamois or in other similar manners," writes Herbert Chase, chief engineer of the Automobile Club of America, in the June number of Mo tor Travel, the club's official publica tion. "A considerable amount of ma terial has been collected by the writer on this subject with the hope that some authoritative data might be pre sented for the benefit of club mem bers. The bureau of standards at Washington has been conducting an investigation along this line, but as yet has made only a preliminary re port.- From this and other sources the fact has been established that trie tional electricity is generated by the passage of gasoline through a chamois or through other nonconducting ma terial. This so-called static charge mav under certain circumstances be sufficient to cause a spark which, ac companied by certain conditions, may in turn result in igniting gasoline va por, thereby causing; fire. ' "It is a fact long recognized by physicians that the rubbing together ot two nonconducting materials will cause the production of a static charge. 1 he electric charge thus gen crated will distribute itself over the surface of the nonconductors or other object in contact therewith. If then either body containing the charge it brought close to another body which is not charged or which has a charge of lower potential than the first body a spark will jump from one to the other. , "Gasoline itself is a nonconductor. as is chamois and such material ai rubber, canvas and the like, from which hose such as is used, for ex ample, to deliver gasoline from the ordinary type of measuring pump intc the tank oi a car is made. . 1 he nass age of gasoline through such a hose or through chamois in a funnel is apt, especially in a cold, dry atmosphere, to produce a static charge on the sur face : of the funnel in which the chamois lies or at the nozzle at the end of the hose. Poor Mixture Prevents Explosions. "Suppose now in filling a tank the funnel containing the chamois be held in the end or is otherwise out of con tract with or insulated from the tank to be filled. As the gasoline passes through the chamois the funnel takes on the electric charge. If then the fun nel be brought close to the tank of the car or with any other conducting me dium a spark will jump from the fun nel to the tank or other conductor. The same phenomenon would occur if the nozzle of a non-conductor hose used for filling purpose were held Out of contract with the tank during the filling and afterward allowed -to touch it. It this spark occurs at a point where the gasoline vapor is mixed with air in certain proportions an ex plosion follows and a fire is almost mm $1095.. SI X $1095 Fourteen Years a - R .1 - . i of S UCC2SS It is impossible to buy another car that uses the units in its con struction that you get in the Davis for' ' $1095 Le!j rocrn in front of driver's' irsta'1" adtitstyd to suit the driver. nry ? xc.prT?'-Hy con veniV f-- ( i-A- fn drive, A c.Jr of -l?sjv!--r; ftnres, vet -ip(l!r-""'yIe to those who. de mand the greatest comfort. STECi F 1 CAT 10 IS S Continental motor, 45 h. p.j Delco llirhtine? and , starting, Stewart vacuum feed, leather faced con clutch, easily adjusted, Warner transmission and ' steering gear, Weston Mott . floating axle, 14-in. Brake drums, 120-ln. wheel-base, 18-gat. gas tank on rear, extra rim, 84x4 tires, exclusive Davis' platform' springs, absolutely insuring the greatest easiness of riding." - . v . 'v -. ".. . W. T. Wilson Automobile Co. , IOWA DISTRIBUTORS NEBRASKA . 1910 Farnam Street, Omah-, Nebraska. certain to result providing the heat of the spark be sufficient to ignite this mixture. "The fact that accidents have not occurred more frequently is presum ably due first to the fact that the heat of the spark is not always sufficient to ignite an explosive mixture even though this mixture exists in the re gion where the spark occurs, and sec ond, more often because the propor tion of air to gasoline vapor is not such that ignition can occur, i. e., the mixture is either too rich or too lean. "Atmospheric conditions have much' to do with the production of so-called 'static' charges or at least with their distribution. Thus if the air be warm and damp the air itself is a sufficient ly good conductor to preclude the possibility of a charge of high po tential collecting on any body ex posed to the air. On the other hand, if the air be cold and dry, a condition which frequently exists during the winter months, especially at points away from the sea coast, a charge of high potential may be collected on the body and dissipated in the form of a spark jumping to another object or to the earth. This same phenomenon may frequently be observed when a comb of hard rubber passed through the hair in the presense of a cold dry atmosphere. Keep Metal Parts in Contact. To prevent the possibility of fire when filling a gasoline tank it is sim ply necessary to 'ground,' that is, con nect with the earth, the funnel or noz zle on the surface of which the charge is apt to accumulate. As a rule the most, if not all, danger can be averted by simply keeping the funnel or filling nozzle in metal contact with the tank being filled. "When the funnel or nozzle is grounded, as, for example, by connect ing either to some metal object such as a pipe running into the earth, this allows the charge to pass through the conductor and with the earth without the oroduction of anv anark. "Thus, for example, if a wire-wouiyi hose be used and this wire' be con nected at one end to the discharge V-fLV'.rm AW s:x - It C V liililli L tip 1 iiiiifi T3 'C -rV ww Wi. -kC-fl i W4t4k 44tkWM K k It If I F If V IT1 M It, I 4 all IV . pwi w, sf er 1 Wgf4J nozzle and at the other end to the metal fitting attaching the hose to the pump or its delivery pipe, no charge will result, for the pump itself is grounded. If a funnel and chamois aresed while filling a tank, the gaso line being delivered through the hose nozzle, the tank of the car and the funnel should be kept in metalic con tact, and so should the hoze nozzle and the funnel. No Danger if Care ts Exercised. . "Many fires have occurped as re sults of sparks caused as above. This seems to have been established be yond doubt One instance which has come to the writer's attention it that "" of a large automobile factory in which .' it was at one time a practice to drawX1 gasoline into a portable tank whico was allowed to rest during the filling process on a wooden box. The funnel used between the nozzle and the port able tank was not in contact with the discharge nozzle of the pump during the filling operation, but was close enough to it for a spark to jump after the charge accumulated on the funnel and portable tank had become of suf ficiently high potential." . fader the Blistering Sun and the terrific best of rcaul friction, there is a strong sense of aecurity in nng DERAL . DOTJBIX-CABLE-BASE "RUGGED" & TTtAFTTKTREAD TIRES A Jong (How cat) (vulcanisation) renders the carcass , and tread of thews tires unusually tongh, cohesive and proof against fabric separation and heat blow-osia. AH sues for standard rims. ZWIEBEL BROS., 2518 Farnam St. Western Automobile Supply Co., 1920-22 Farnam St THE FEDEHAI. RUBBER CO. OF ILLINOIS - Fictorls Cadahjr.Wlwouin . . UI?-JTZ'im! obll Ttr, TbM and ImUiL Mototete, Herd, and Curiw TUm, Sabbw Hnli. Horn Shoa PxU, KobbOT Htnlnm ,! ' Maehanloal ttaMm Cmd " The Caroths Golden Ciassis ' roun-evuNDis Mootxs Tend Oat, 7-PmhM" ;SS7S nmr,i.Pinni ssa LwSw-Mdllr, 1 pill, I ISO SCO this Series 17 SIX and bo convinced of Studobakor Suporiority. Don't merely content yourself with the knowl edge of Studebaker superiority that you gain in reading about it, but make it a point to see the value in this Series 17 Studebaker Six with your own eyes. It is only by personally inspecting this pre-eminent car in the field of sixes that you can gain a definite idea of the quality of workmanship and materials that are built into it. No car gives so much value for the money. Power, size, comfort, roorniness all those ex-' elusive features which are bringing hundreds of dollars more in other makes are found right here in this Series 17 Studebaker Six, at a price that only Studebaker can make because of quality production on a quantity scale. '-. , - y "' ' ... - . Before deciding on the car you will buy, we urge you to inspect this Six the car that shows you how to save from $250 to $400 and still get per manent value as good as money can buy. SIX-OVUNDM MODUS Tmrlns Wi T I ir SI OSS auditor, aMMntwr . . SSS Landau HmWw, t saaa. 1SSS pausa, asaeeaajr- ITS Sdaa . . . . . . . 1700 Uwaaalea, T fit SOOO . .:. r. O. 0. OatwM STUDEBAKER South Bend, Imd. Detroit, Mich. WaDnrrille, Ont E. R. Wilson Automobile Co. 2550 Farnam Street, Omaha, Nebraska.