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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1916)
TUB OMAHA SUNDAY IJKK: MAKCIt 12, VMC.
SOARING PRICES OF GASOLINE
Possible Solution of Fuel Froblem
in Development of Benzol
SaUXEZE 05 AUTO OWNERS J
By far the gresfFt prnMrm thnt has
confronted the eutnmoblle owmr hIiit
the advent of the motor vf M Is the
present soaring price of gasoline the
necessary fuel for the tntn.nai i-i.nhua-tlon
engine. For the Iat six mint ha or
mora the price of gasoline ha been ad
vancing with jumpa of about 1 rent a
gallon, and even we advanced a cent
two dara ago. With gasoline now reel-
teiing at the average of 2o rents a gallon j
In the wholesale markets of the coun- j
try, and reports from the oil-producing
companies and other who have Investi
gated the situation Indicating fur. her
rises, the 2,Sl0,n) automobile ownera ,n
the United Mates have good nason to
be thoughtful over the cost of operating
their car this summer.
At present gasoline I selling for from
71 to 29 centa a gallon to the consumer
. In Boston, and the gam go men have la-
sued warning that the high-water re- i
tall market majr be 30 centa before long.
By summer It la expected that It will
cost the average rar owner U for hi
1'0-mlle run on a Sunday gasoline, It li
liredlcted. wilt then be 4i centa a gallon.
In April, 1!1. the wholesale prl.-e of gaso
line averaged 14 cent a gallon through
out the country, while at the bejtln
nlng of the present month It hud ad-
vancod to 23 cent. Iletall prlcea range
from 1 to 1 cent a gallon over those
quoted by the wholesalers. An analyst
or the gasoline aituatlon and a review
of the efforts made at producing a fuel
that can be aubatltuted for lafs product
of petroleum In the operation ot motor
vehicle ha been prepared by the Horse
"That the question of obtaining an ade
quate aupply of fuel at a reasonable price
Is a matter which la receiving the ae
rlou attrntlon of the motorist the man
" who pay the piper, but, In thl cae,
doe not call the tune la unquestioned,"
saya thl automobile trado magastne. "It
, should be added that aome of the beat
bralna In the country are busily engaged
' In trying to eolve the problem presented
by thl ever rapidly Inoreaalng number of
automobile In the United State and the
' growing difficulty, as evidenced by tne
doubling of gasoline prlcea, of furnlh
Ing fuel to run them.
"Although there are no exact figurea
showing actual gasoline consumption, an
Indication of the quantity available for
domestic uae may be obtained by taking
the total production and deducting the
exporta, and on this basis the following
calculations, which are based on official
llgures, will help the gasoline user to
realise Just where he stands. The quan
tities are given In barrela of forty-two
in round figures there are 2,500,000 au
tomobiles In uae at present In the United
, t-ta.tr, and as the total domealto produc
tion of gasoline, less the quantity ex
ported, wss l&.lOO.OQO barrels In 1816, a
' simple calculation gives the number of
gallons available for each car as ap
proximately 689 perhsps enough for S.M0
miles, perhaps not. Fifteen months ago
there was reserve stock of about 2.CKO,
' CO) barrels of gasoline, and three months
ago this had been exhausted, so that
there la do reserve to draw upon. In
1911 th production equalled WO gallons
per oar In active service and there waa a
considerable reserve. It la estimated
that by the end of the present year
there will be over 1.000,000 cars in opera
Hon, and at the end of 1917 It would
seem reasonable to expect the addition
ot another million, baaing the figures
on the estimated automobile factory pro
duction, less exports.
"The foregoing calculations take
count only of gasoline In relation to
' automobiles, but a they ignore the S00,
( 0 motor boats at present In service and
also the 30,000 farm tractors operating
In different agricultural district, a
glance will ahow that the motorist la In
i an even more desperate position than
would seem to be the case to the casual
Inquirer. When the needs of aircraft.
stationary Internal combustion engines,
. and general industrial and household
uses are taken into consideration, It Is
.obviously time to stir things up a bit
and look for a way out of these rapidly
accumulating fuel troubles. The first
'. thought is, can the production of gaso-
' Una be materially Increased either by
the development of new oil flelus or by
the use of unproved methods of dlstllla.
Cheerless) Ft peats.
It seems that the production In the
Vnowa fields of Texas), Oklahoma and
i Kansas Is limited because of deficiencies
in public land laws, and the secretary o
the Interior estimate that approximately
fto.000.00O barrels of ell are under land
now In publlo ownership and barred from
the active prospector. In addition, there
are' developed fields In several districts,
notably under government lands In
Alaska. Apart from these the production
ef crude would seem to be near Its maxi
mum, and the motorist may look la vain
for help, more particularly aa the supply
of some of the crudes producing a large
proportion of gasoline are falling, notably
the Cushlng pool of Oklahoma, which de
clined from SUO.OOO barrels la April. 191 &,
to less than one-third of the quantity In
"Kerosene haa been suggested time and
again as the solution of the trouble, but
Its supporters seem to have overlooked
the fact that kerosene and gasoline come
t from the same base, and In effect If the
present output of gasoline is increased by
improved proceases there will be propor
tionally less kerosene ot suitable grado
available. Again and again attempts have
keen made to standardise the use of kero
sene In automobiles, but so far without
much auccess as. although It is quite
( possible to vaporise It In especially
adaped carburetors, recondensatton la apt
to take place In the 'intake manifold. Add
to this ths difficulty of starting the en
'. glne and the limitations of kerosene are
evident, even assuming that a sufficient
, supply 1 ava'lablc.
"Variou processe for producing gaso
line from the lesa valuable petroleum
oils are being developeJ. and may at a
future time prove of aufficlent worth to
relieve the fuel tension. In thl con
nection U should not be forgotten that
there aeema to be a present disinclina
tion te endeavor to increase the produc
tion of crude, aa by so doing the out
. put of distillates for which there Is only
a nominal market would also be come
tpondlngly iucreared. One or the other
of the new processes should be able te
"' liajidle these otherwise practically dead
' p-oducls sod materially to Increase the
quality of aVai'able gasoline.
Ueosol as a ftabatltatte.
-"Bniol, a by-product In tbe manufac.
. (ure of coke. Is'in general use In Europe,
particularly in these countries whi h are
urble at prts-nt to import gasoline
'lorn Aiocrlca ur Olher produi-lng can
Tad Shows How Jess
VNS also y
foTHVJiC GOOD LCPTT- - ' ( J Vi"'
1.3EW HAO A rtoox. AMP ir HUM
inTiiTTm TrrW COOATT" WtTr tTl
Jess Willard, like other great men
In any line of business, learned his
game by .keeping hla eye open and
picking up tbe good things shown
Willard learned more la that flgbt
with Johnson at Havana than he did
in all hla other battles, and hla box
ing today proves It.
He is not the only boxer who has
copied another's style, however.
There was Jim Jeffries, an awk
ward bollermaker when he went to
Carson City to box with Jim Corbett
He learned about left hands In that
ramp, and later had one ot the best
southpaws ever seen in a ring. After
that he went with Tommy Ryan and
learned about blocking and how to
ten, and all reports tend to show that
It Is a satisfactory fuel, needing only
minor adjustments to insure practically
perfect operation. It is estimated that
America, will produce over 20.000,X gal
lons of bensol In 1911 but this haa already
en tagged for use In making carbolic
acid, dyes and explosives. Taking the
yield of bensol aa being about two gal
lons to the ton ot coal, and assuming;
that Its manufacture waa developed to
the limit, we should be able to produce
about lSi.000,000 gallons per year. This
would prove of material help and it 1
hoped that further investigations will
serve to show that It may be made avail
able on a basis remunerative to the pro
ducer and sold at a figure which will
tempt the motorist 'to try It out.
"Alcohol Is another fuel which has been
tested with varying results, and we have
practically unlimited raw material from
which to produce It. Hitherto, however.
conditions have not been desperate
enough to tempt its exploitation as
commercial proposition, but now the time
seems to have come to develop Its pro
duction on a basis sufficiently great to
afford substantial relief to the fuel-
"From time to time the motoring public
heara of new fuels made from moth balls
or other weird and wild compound, but
fw. one of tneM IHtn to have stood
the prellmnlary testa to whkh they have
"To sum the situation up. It would ap
pear that either the man who runs an
automobile must within th next year or
two curtail his annual mileage or aiter-
tiallvely, to Increate hla mileage per gl
Ion of fuel, the gasoline producer must
employ Intensified methods of dlstUlatlon
or a new fuel mual be developed. The
I'nlted States Is in a better position than
the rest of the world in regard to the
fuel iroDOltlon generally, and although
the private motorist may bo paying JS
to 30 rents a gallon today, gasoline ia
over tl a gallon in Parla and I from &i
to 00 cent at seaport towns In Kngland. '
Doc White Quits
the Denver Team
DENVER. Colo.. March ll.-A telesram
received from J. C. McQill announced th
resignation of Doc White as manager
of ths Denver Western League cluo. mc
GUI's telegram said White' action waa
due to "personal reasons." White is now
OSCEOLA WINS DES MOINES
BASKET BALL TOURNEY
PES MOINES, la., Mann 11 .cpeclal
Telegram.) Oceola won th basket 1U
tournament by defeating Coon Haptd at
Mount Ayr, today, th former by a acoie
ot 11 to , and the latter by a score of
IN INTERCITY LEAGUE
A. W. Jorgenaen has entered a team In
th Intercity league for the 1M4 run
putgn. Frank Novak will manage the
nine and has, among other, signed up
Flavin. r.ognes and Rchusek, three stars
of lust years West r'srnam Merchants
team. Jorgvnaen haa high hopvs of cop
pi:ig th Intercity is j
avoid slams. He also learned the
crouching attitude that bothered no
many opponents later.
Corbett himself was no hick at
ricking things up. He first learned
the left lead w'th Walter Watson of
the Olympic club In 'Frisco. Later
he took on every big man that ever
came to 'Frisco, Including John L.
Sullivan, who was at that time the
Jim watched professionals box,
watched their footwork, their leads
and their styles. When he was fin
ifched he was the greatest heavy
weight In the line ot e'everness that
Johnson Also Absorbed Information
Didn't LU' Artha Johnson go
around picking up stray bits in the
pugilistic grab bag? He first went
with Joe Walcott as a rubber He
TIGERS ARE FAYORITES
Jennings Jungle Cats Almost
Turned Trick last Year, and This
Tear Eave More Than Chance.
HUItLDJG STAFF STRENGTHENED
DETROIT. Mich.. March 11. Hughey
Jennings' Detroit Tigers are the most
Interesting team in base ball. The pres
ence of th one and only Tyrua Ray
mond Cobb In Itself Insures that.
The Tigers are particularly interesting
this year. For It looks as if they have
an excellent chaaoa of winning the flag
In the American league.
Detroit came very near winning last
year. The Red Sox were a better team
than the Jennings Jungle cats solely be
cause of superiority on the mound. The
world s champions had the best pitching
staff In major league uase ball. Tbe
Tigers had about th worst.
In sheer driving power Detroit was
and Is on of the greatest combinations
th game has ever known. Offensively,
Cobb and company ruled aupreme in 191ft,
and bid fain, to do the same the coming
I Hlttlasr Aver Oooel.
Detroit batted for a team average of
.'Xi last year. This was eight points
higher than the champion Red Sox. Only
eight men hit over .300 in the American
league. The Tigers had two of them
Cobo, of course, led the league, with i
mark of .J70. Bobby Veach finished
sixth, hitting .111
flam Crawford and Marty Kavanagh
were Just under the select .3tK) circle
"Wahoo 8am" hit .299. and Kavanagh
The only weak sticker among the
regulars was Bush, who batted .KS.
The Tigers led in runs scored, in hits
made. In total baaea and In atolen bases.
In fielding thy ranked fifth in the
Jennings' team will face the coming
season practically aa it finished the last
one. The one probable change that may
be mado la in the Infield, where Marty
Kavanagh may displace "i'ep" Young.
Jennings Is particularly enthusiastic
over his prospect this year because of
the fact that Hums will be ready to
play regularly at the Initial sack. George
waa out with injuries a targe part of
laat aenson. lie only took part In 106
With Burns playing first regularly,
Kavanagh at second, the reliable Bush
r.t short and Vltt nt third, the Detroit
Afield will hold Its own with most In
the major leaguea. The outfie'.d, Cobb,
Veach and Crawford, for all-around ef
ficiency surpasses even he R'd Box
track I m proi lag.
Crawford. It ia true, ! growing a bit
old and slow. But he caa still hit th
bM. If tvam is slipping fiack a bit,
Bobby Veach is Just coming up to th
crest of hi form.
Behind the bat th Tigcra are fairly
trong. Oscar Htannge is still a Kod
backstop. Mcvee gives promise of de
veloping Into a star. BitKcr Is a fair
The pitchers are Jennings' big problem.
They must Improve materially over their
191S form to win the flag fur lilm, but
there I every reason to suppose that
Coveleskle wss the leading Detroit
twirler last yenr. He ranked nineteenth
in average runa allowed per game. HI
mark was I 46. Dauss was next to him
v-atched Joe day by day and got an
eycfull. Later he was a trainer for
Frank Childs and a great ftany oth
ers until he landed in 'Frisco to box
Kid Carter. It was there that John
son learned all his tricks.
Ho started his career there and
made his great rep.
Willie mtchie was only a prelim
inary boxer until he toured the coun
try with Packey McFarland. "Look
at him now, Sergeant; look at him
Willie became the lightweight
champ later. He is still , some
Willard, you can readily lamp,
was quite a vjlse young person in
inciting up ids luiugo u iuuk wuuu
sen years to learn. 11 -
Johnson's right hand uppercut
was his greatest asset. It was this
with t.M. Then came Oldham, Dubuc.
Loudermllk, James, rUeen and Cavet.
It la reasonable to suppose that Jean.
Dubuc will show a vast Improvement
this year. He was injured last season
and never attained his best form after
ward. When right, the Frenchman is
James Should Be Help.
The regular Tiger staff will probably
consist of Dauss, Coveleskle, Jamea,
Dubuc. Hteen and Ixmdermllk. with Old
ham and Cavet In reserve.
Bill Jnmoa should be a big aid this
year. He wan bought late last season
from St. LouU In an effort to head off
the Hox. He was not equal to the
task, but Is a very capable pitcher never
theless. Coveleskle and Dauea should prove as
effective ss they were last season. In
fact, the big Pole, who bore the brunt
of the Tiger box work last year, seemed
at hla best In the tall. Coveleskle took
part in fifty games, pitching 811 Innings.
Walter Johnson was the only man who
pitched more In the American league.
Much Trouble in
"In connection with its orrer to ex
change a Haynes "Light Twelve" car
for the oldest Haynes automobile run
nlng, the Haynes Automobile company
haa asked that each old rar owner state
the amount of repairs that he has had
to make on his car," aald Charles Cork
hill, of th Nebraska Haynes Auto Sales
"The repair lists that have been sent
In, fully point out the hardest obstacles
automobile makers have confronted and
overcome In the paat. The automobile
Is a highly organised mechanical sys
tem and no stronger than Its weakeat
part. The problems of the motor car
maker have been flrat to produce horse
power and In the second place to find
an efficient mean of changing it Into
"The replies to the Haynes repair In
quiry to date have shown that a good
share of the early trouble waa traced
to the Ignition, which originally waa de
pendent on dry cells. The cell ran down
easily, war of uncertain quality, and
delivered a weak apark. Many of the
old car repair list show their heavleat
item wheu th owner dispensed with dry
cell and parted with an expenditure for
the 'latest and most Improved type of
magneto. Of recent yeera the magneto
has been superseded by the etorsge bat-
Ury slid generator. In moat of the bet
tr makes of cars.
"Gear ar d Ignition troubles have ' all
been overcome. The paramount modern
difficulty Ja carburellon aince the market
gasoline constantly Include lower hydro
carbons. Water Jacketed carburetor and
better type vaporising device are over-
lomlna- this difficulty and the automo-
Ml repair lil'l 1 fast shrinking to ml a
;ic riroDortlons "
WAGNER AND WOLFE TAKE
THIRD AND FIFTH PLACES
TOLXDO. O.. March U. Third and fifth
places in the doutles In - the American
Bowling congress tournament were
landed by Bob Wagner and Phil Wolf of
Chicago, with 1,1?: today. Al Lea and
W. Rost-nstretvr. also of Chicvgo, were
second high, with l.KL
y wtuAito Ati-Movr Feuu our of Trte'AJ
punch that sent Jeff reeling In Reno,
but a left ended the quarrel. John
son studied that blow for years.
Billy Jordan, the old announcer, de
clared that there is no punch known
to rlngmen that is as deadly as the
right uppercut. There is no block
for it and when it lands the call Is
for ammonia and a lounge. ,
Willard has this blow down to a
v Copies Old Champ's Uppercut
He has most of Johnson'B stuff
eating out of his hand.
He is an lnflghter of no mean
ability, as we say at the club.
Johnson's great trick was to hold
.a man in the clinches, smile a bit,
talk a bit, and then, when it looked
like waving fields of daisies' to the
other guy let fly with right jor left
BRANDEIS TEAM IN :
(Ontlnued from Page One.)
a targe new gymnasium and that Mills
has already signed up many games with
out side colleges is serving as a great
Inducement for local stars to enter tha
Catholio school. Les Burkenroad and
Oeorge Parrtsh will probably be seen
gracing Creighton uniforms next season.
Tbe Brandeis are also laying: plana for
next year. Manag r Isaacson has promise i
of some of the best basket ball talent In
Omaha for his 1917 team.
With the riayers.
Hovey former right forward of the M.
Smiths of fhn fnmmiiri-1,1 1-- .
now playing with the darks in the Trl
"Dutch" Plats of the Ttrnrtl will K
somewhat handicapped In nlavinir this
week. Plats sprained a finger Friday
evening against Nebraska City.
The First Methodists rnninlalaH It nr
in the Church league laat week in fin
ishing of tthe last of its scheduled twelve
"Spike" Puryear Inaugurated hla come
back with the (.'larks Thursday evening
wiui atx iieia gnais. furyear naa Deen
unable to perform because of a bad
Manaser Gartner of th Tnwnun
Tigers overlooked a good thing when he
let ' uixy" McFarland slip through his
fingers. McFarland after buinv given tne
gate waa gobbled up by (he Clark.
'Fussy'1 made good with the Linrk
Thursday nlxht and Is now a regulur
on the Tri-Clty league uulniet.
'Bud' Keams and Charles Worth of
the physical department of the Young
Men'a Christian association were arb.
ters at the stale basket ball tournament
Now cornea "Bud" Kearna with the
proposition of picking a team of masked
marvels to play the Brandeis Stores next
Saturday. Mud would choose the team
and coach It for the occasion.
Basket Ball Staadlags
. . Wt
Omaha Hlh School...
I'niverslty of Omaha
Omaha National Bank It 0 1,00
High School Keserve ! .7??
Townn-nd Tiger I S 4 .f00
Joe Smith 4 ""
Omaha Independents i .M
M. E. Smiths S 7 .
Fairmont Creamery Co 1 7 .125
High School of Commerce 1 0 .(Ml
W. U Pet.
F1rt Methodists 12 0 1W
lUnsnm Park Methodist... I .TS)
St. Marv Congregational .... S 4 .'
Calvary Baptist 5 & .S"
South Pile Presbvterlana .... I ( .'.Tl
Mouth tilde Baptists i .CO)
First Christiana ! 1 VJ
Sehedale for the Week.
Tuesday at the Young Men' Christian
Association FMlrmon Creamery com
pany against High School of Commerce
at Ti.', Omaha Independents asatnat
Omaha Nationals at 8. and CUiks against
the Omaha HUh school at 8 45.
Tuesday at I'niverslty of Omaha South
Side VupiUn nsainst South Side Pres
byterians at and llellevue college
avalnst University of Omaha at K
Thursday at Young Men'a Christian
Aesoi-lat Ion Omaha High school asalnst
the Towmtenda at . and Clarka against
the I'mversltv of Omaha at '
Thursday at I niversily of .rnsha
Calvarv Haptlsts against Han' ' "n Park
Methodists at T &) and South Side Hap
tists against St. Mary Congregational
Friday at Council H'nffs-Joe Smith
arnlntt Falrmonta at 7 1".
Saturday at Y.u:n Men'a Christian As
sxitlon Jn Smiths ei' Hlh S.-hrw.l
rf Convuene at . and Licllevu aaa'nst
Brandon at l.ti. N
and knock the fillings out of the
other's teeth. Willard does this.
Johnson had a great left which
was always interfering with the
other man's breathing apparatus or
centerboard. Willard has this.
Johnson was great at making a
man think he was very close to him.
As the other let fly Artha' pulled
away and then pounded his oppo
nent in the body. Willard does Jhls.
Johnson caught his adversary's
leads while they were still in the
air. He didn't block with the glove
against the tce to catch them as
the old-timers did. Willard does
as Johnson did. ' ' '
Willard Is not as fast as Johnson,
nor is he the punlsher the btg, black
fellow was, but right now. he 1s a
pretty fair invitation and quite a
husky man. '' ,
DO YOU KNOW HOlSf A
FELT HATIS MADE?
And if Ton Do Know, Do Ton Enow
Difference Between a Soft Hat
and Stiff One?
BOTH STYLES MADE FE0M FUB
WASHINGTON".' Jan. .-A11of us wear
hats, and many of us, what are known
as felt hats, but how many know that
they are made of fur, or the difference
between a soft felt and a stiff one?
One of the latest exhibits . In the
division of textiles of the National mu
seum at Washington shows clearly Just
how such hats are made from the fur
to the finished product and Includes
many of the latest and roost popular
styles ready to wear, as well as special
shapes manufactured for particular for
eign markets. The exhlMt Is accompanied
with photographs Illustrating scenes in
the factory of one of the largest and
best-known American hat manufacturers.
These enable the observer to connect the
materials, apparatus and finished produ-
ucts shown, Into a tangible story. For
the benefit of those who cannot see this
Interesting collection, which Is located In
the gallery of the south hall of the older
muteum building. t a brief review of the
process Is given herewith.
In the manufacture of one of the most
popular brands of American hats th fur
of North American beaver. South Amer
ican nutria, Saxony hare and English and
Scotch coney nra used. When the pelts
of these animals are received at the fac
tory they are firat washed with whale
oil soap, after which the long, coarse
haira are removed, aince they would tend
to make the felt too rough. The akin
are then treated with nitrate of mercury,
a process called "carrotlng." which give
the fur It "felting propertle," making It
knit together when hot water and pres
J. R. JAMISON. Frttidmnt
sure are applied. The skins are then
brushed by a machine which removes aiy
the dust and other foreign aubetane-'s.
Having been brushed the skin next goes
to a cutting machine where revolt-Ins-1
shear atrip away th fur, cutting It to
close that It appear to have been shaved
off. From thl mchlne the fur Is cr
rled away on an endles belt or apron,
on w hich It lie complete, juat as It was
tn the pelt, and It Is hard to realise that
the skin below h actually been re
moved. Thl I to facilitate the work of
the sorters who select from the belt as
It passes them Just the parts desired for
various grades of hats. The sorting Is
according to color and quality, each sorter
selecting a different part, such as the
ride, belly or oaclt, suitable for a part'eu
lar grade of hat.
Mast Be Seasoned.
Although it is now cleaned, carroteJ,
and sorted, the fur Is by no means ready
for uae: it ha to be seasoned. Just like
lumber, and is stored until ready for use.
Some manufacturers have a million or
two dollars' worth of fur seasoning in
storsge.. When the fur is properly sea
soned, it is mixed in certain proportions
to produce the desired texture and color,
and from hero on the work Is not done!
mechanically but by hand, brln mainly
a question of art and skill. ,f:cr variou i
poitlons of different kinds of, fur have
been selected, the actual mlxln'ff Is done
by a machine which blows them about liw
various compartments until the blending
is perfectly even. A certain amount of
fur Is then weighed out, according to vhe
weight of the hat to be mrtdc, Un.1 blawn
upon a copper cone perforated with ninny
thousand tiny holes, so that It laoks l.ke
a sieve. The cone Is about threj fe?t
in height, and as wide as the btse. An
exhaust ffn operates Inside and bii-nv
th cone so ttat the air and fir ;ne
drawn from the outside. The nlr passe
trrough t';c openings, but the Tlii; par
ticles of fur etkk and cover the w.iol
surface. The cone holding the Mm of
iur m unclosed m a snugiy nut )g jao.iot
and lowered into a vat of boPlitj w-.ter.
This develops the felting rrorcrt,s of t'te
ft;r, the particles of whlc i nut .ir.d loc :
together, enabling the tnln d' heate Him
of wet fur. to be lifted from t!io co w.
The resulting cone, of fut -h a tery tl li
rate embryo hat, except as to size: in
that respect it might be the hat fo- a
riant. -A bundle of about twelve of th1?
large forms Is rolled In a wet con Itlvi
until the fibres kn t together iIUhtTy, ; v
Ing the hats hardness and str n t
Then they are put Into a slxi'.inj kcfl
wnere tney are shrunk In hot wat r
beaten, and manipulated until they ar?
between ten .and fourteen ln hes
waiitcit-i. xjni:ii ,ia.t in int-n Hii-eicne
punca ana oiocxea with the aid o: h
water until it takes the form of a resula
hat with crown and brim.
Finished with Sandpaper.
If the hat Is to be a soft one. it liss
only to be placed on a block and flnlihei
with fine sand paper which (rives It i
velvety appearance. The outUle bond
and binding, and the sweet bnnd are th?n
added, after which the brim Is curled.
Stiff hats, or derbys, are saturated w i
a solution of shellac, before t icy nr
blocked. They are then put Into o e t
until they become pliable, when t'l.cy are
blocked with a tremendous pressure on a
mould which shape and curls them at
one operation. Following which they are
lined, and trimmed.
The museum exhibit Include five cases,
one containing the - different raw : and
prepared materials, one the 'hats In t'li
process of manufacture." one oach ths
leather and silk trimmings,, and the last
containing many styles of finished huts
for our own and for export trade. Ths
firm presenting this collection to ' thn
museum is the only cne In this country
with a factory wherein all parts of the
hat are made and assembled. -
CEDAR FALLS CHAMPIONS
IN NORTHEASTERN IOWA
CEDAR FALLS, la., March II. (Spechl
Telegram.) The two daya' basket ball
high school tournament of northeastern
Iowa concluded tonight with Cedar Fills
champions, In a hard fought battle wlt!
East Waterloo, byt the score of It to 17
This mornings games were as follows:'
'd" ?", 21: New Hampton. IT.
Last Waterloo, ; Maaon City. 19.
Last night's games:
East Waterloo. 28: Hampton, 51.
Cedar rails. 31; Uladbrook. 10.
Twenty teams entered the tournament.
Spring will soon be here, so
place your order now for 1010
The Machine Built for the
Riders' Satisfaction. -
Victor H. Roos.
"The Motorrycle .Man."
2703 Leavenworth 1st.
Sleeve -VtJve MoTs
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