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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 28, 1915)
T1IK NKK: OMAHA. '1 HliUSDAY, (HTOUKU IN. 1!13.
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17' ii n n n i
Ridicule and the Pillory
Few of These Instruments of Punishment Remain in the Western World
By GARRETT P. SERVISS.
The question of capital punishment,
now under discussion, bring up the
subject of penology, and of the various
ways In which human society has un
dertaken to prevent crime and miscon
duct by keeping awake the fear of cas
tration. Generally this subject has a
more or less tragic aspect, but some
times It veers toward the comic.
Punishment by ducking stools and the
pillory has always excited a certain
amount of laughter and derision, nnd
since there Is no more effective deter
rent than ridicule, perhaps those things
may be regarded as among the most suc
cessful applications of the principle on
which penal legislation rests. Still, by
common consent, in almost all civilised
communities they have been abandoned,
except for occasional local and tempo
rary revivals, like that of the pillory
Everybody has read of pillories, but
few have seen them, and the photo
graph of one In England which Is shown
herewith, will, doubtless, be a curiosity
for most readers. There Is no European
country In which this form of punish
ment has In the past been more employed
than In Great Britain, and the pillory has
furnished a flgure-of-speech as widely
nattered through English literature as
that supplied by the gallows.
Naturally the pillory was translated to
America, by the English settlers, and
our New England forefathers were fa
miliar with It. In England Its use was
abolished In 1816 for all offenses except
perjury, and In 1837 it was completely
The Idea underlying punishment by pil
lory Is Interesting. It Is exactly opposite
to that on which solitary Imprisonment
It based. It undertakes to enlist the force
of public contempt, against the offender,
as morally, the moat Important part of
his punishment. But where the sympathy
of the public happened to be with the
prisoner the punishment often miscar
ried, and he got more glory than pain
On the other hand, when the populace
was either Indifferent or antagonistic, the
sufferings of the pilloried person were
often extreme. Sometimes sitting on tho
ground, sometimes on a rude bench,
sometimes compelled to stand, with his
hands or -both - hands and feet) thrust
through holes In thick boards, and locked
there, h was exposed to all kinds of
weather, sun, rain, wind and dust beating
Into hi face and eyes, and pestilent in
sects tormenting him without tho possi
bility of defense.. In such a case he wis
fortunate If there was no popular pre
judice against him, for if there was then,
to all the sufferings and torments above
enumerated, would be added peltlngs of
stones, mud. and filth, making his , pun-ishment-
almost worse than death. ; ' .
metfrtiea-. bowV the prison - la
the- pillory was able . to win over an In
different or even a hostile public 'If ho
possessed sufficient self-command and
eloquence. This was a privilege accorded
to him. He was at liberty to address .the
crowd, presenting and arguing his caxn
as best he could. It was a great chance
g 1 ft 1
I Oct irfJkUvii,,
I . 4 f ; . -
1 j 'V '5m
i - - - ' 1 "' -
f? .r i - , !
I '- I"- .x ... j .g I
- rf vi ' - 4 . . - .w l,J
t . v , " r v
z t S :
a r:- : i v, .w i ;
7 ' ij
Doing Their Duty
Xecrlty of American Doing
Duty Towiiltl Thilr Count r)
in Dnllj l.ll If Nation i to
II CoiiMrrvol and KHe1.
Patriot Uni Nom1,1 Uihh-ii
CrisN. : : : : ;
How Women Can Ward Off Spectacle Spectre
for a "spcll-blndor."
The form of pillories varied greatly.
In some cases, as has been said, the
offender could sit, and when his feet, as
well as his hands, were placed in the
holes of the framework, it was neces
sary that he should do so, either on, the
ground 'or on a bench. Often the frame
work was pierced with a series of holes,
so that several offenders could bo con
fined. Al onqa ;, f
Thero were also pillories conceived on
a more humane plan. In which shelter
was provided agamst the sun and
weather. Some were roofod over, form
ing open-sided buildings. Occasionally
tho culprits were placed on a stage, with
or without a roofed covering, at a con-
Where Does the Money Go?
By DOROTHY DLX.
In every household, save possibly that
Of millionaires, the one eternal conun
drum that ia never answered is, "Where
does the money go?
On a Mondoy you
had in your purse
the case may be, and
on Saturday night
you are the posses
sor of a lone and
solitary Jitney. Tou
haven't bought any
furniture, or clothes,
or given a party, or
gone on a spree, or
been robbed, or done
anything that would
account for the ex
penditure. Tou have
got nothing to show
for your good money.
Yet It is gone, and
the question Is, how
did It go?
Answering the question for women. I
can say truthfully that most of the
money that slips between women's fingers
FOR A BAD COUGH
Here is a fine old-fashioned
recipe for coughs, colds or catarrh
trouble that has been used for
many years with great success.
Get from your druggist 1 os.
of Parmlt (Double (Strength) and
add to it Pint of hot water and
4 ox. of granulated sugar. Take
one tablespoonful 4 tunes a day.
No mora racking your whole
body with a eouKh. Clogged nos
trils should open, air parages of
your head clear up so you can
breathe freely. It Is easy to pre
pare, costs little and is pleasant
to take. Anyone who has a sluli
born cough, or hard cold or catarrh
in sny form should give this pres
cription a trial. Advertisemenl.
goes for foolishness, Just silly little in
dulgences and fallalls that they really
don't care for, nor want, and that they
waste money on, because they have never
really sensed the fact that twenty nickels
make a dollar, and that $10 make a X
spot. For, curiously enough, a woman
will hesitate about spending a good round
dollar on an article, and then blithely
blow in twenty nickels on nothing.
When a man contemplates matrimony
he figures out the cost of a wife in terms
of French millinery and fine frocks. That
is where he misses his gues. It Isn't the
money that a woman spends on good
clothes that plays hob with the family
finances. It's the money she wastes on
fool If hness.
Take the beauty shop, for Instance. A
woman drops in to have her hair .sham
pooed. There is SO cents gone to start
with. The girl who Is brushing her hair
heaves a sigh of startled apprehension,
and says, "Your scalp is getting verv
tight, and If you do not wi.th to get bald
and gray, you should begin scalp treat
ments at once." Wing! Another 50 cent,
or 75. if a little electric roller is passed
a few times over the easy Mark's head.
Then comes a wave seventy-five more,
and a face raassaKc, another seventy-five,
a manicure at Hfty, and a treatment
fiom the rhlropodlHt at a $1.50. Fifty
cents Is as little as one can distribute in
tips, and before she knows It the woman
has spent $.26. totally unnecessarily, for
she could have done her own beautifying
j Ily DR. Cil.XKI.KS H. DARK HIRST.
We Imve remarked In a prev'ous article
that while patriotic sWf-sni-rif Ice draws
to Itxelf more attention and Is more likely
to bo euloglred when rendered on the
battlefield, yet on
tho whole lens
Viiliii attaches to
what men achieve
I at the grent crises
'of a nation's his
tory than to the
of civic loyalty
maintained In the
I n t e rval between
such crises. Crlpcs
are rare. We have
had hut few In the
course of our own
Most of our
years have been
freo from startling
events, but ll Is
In thope yenrs that
our nation hn lived Its true life and It Is
upon services of Inconspicuous patriotism
rendered during such years that noliill'f
of national existence has to depend. And
yet It Is In those Intervals that we hear
j less about patriotism and think less about
It, nnd have least consciousness of coun
try and of our beautiful but obligatory
rclntiona to it.
This was only a few days ago expressed
by an active and observant member of
our community when he said, "We are
suffering from a lack of Americanism."
It was not his Idna that we should bes
oblivious of the world at large. It Is well
enough for us to remember once In a
while that wo belong to the planetary
system; although mindfulness of that fact
Is not likely to operate as a particularly
strenuous Impulse to the discharge of
But It la not so with the matter of
being possessed of an American con
sciousness. Thst consciousness should He
deep down among the fundamentals of
our constant experience, tt Is the only
way In which national llfo can be con
served, expanded and exalted. And it is
slderable elevation above the ground, not by dwelling on what wo can wring
Here thev could be seen at greater dls-, out of the country In the way of blessing
tances by the crowd, and could them- upon' . ourselves that that conservation
selves command a wider view of their i and exaltation can be achieved, but by
tormentors or their listeners. I a devout concentration of our thought
In a French form of the pillory the I upon the world-wide relations in which
framework retaining the culprit was clr-1 we stand and the world-wide opportunity
cular, and a ring of prisoners could be ' that therefore lies open to us.
enclosed in it, their imprisoned ltmbs all We aro not going to keep-our country
pointing outward like the spokes of a' unless our thought about It Is kept toned
wheel. In China, wi.era punishment by' up to the level of tho destiny to Which
pillory has always been popular, the the country is appointed. Jt is onlr by
offender often carries his pillory about that means that we can exclude apiall
him like a yoke. I politics; and such politic are our bane.
Another name for trie pillory Is "the : Large results are not achievable by small
stocks" and the phrase "put in the methods. Our local civic duties will be
stocks" Is perhaps more common than ' neither wisely nor faithfully discharged
"put in the pillory." ! except as tho pressure of our felt rela-
! tlons to country filters down through into
! our specific relations to state and to city,
and thus communicates to those narrower
relations a national dignity.
If I am not so fundamentally an Amer
ican as to realize my Americanism In
casting my vote at the local polls, I shall
be very likely not to cast any vote at
the local polls. If I do not appreciate
tho fact that the character of the can
didate for whom I vote has a bearing
upon the character and destiny of tho
entire country in which my cWie lot ia
cast, I shall probably be more or less
careless as to what may be the character
of that candidate, good or bad.
In this, as In all matters, what we con-
j aiuer small ounguuuna win ue negieviru
' .111 . k... - . , ..V. , ln ,,rw,n Ahum m. ma
ishes. leaving no trace behind So h" larger consideration that lift, them to a
mov.es; so cheap that the whole family J comJU,on f ennoDlcment. Wnat em,
can afford to go every night. Only M mugt be llir(te or u
cems apiece, dui wiien mcie aiv u.o m ;
the family It amounts to 60 cents a night,
Sr. n - -,v js-- v-r--. w-eer
Ht- - , - . .:....-''? l ' " Y Jl
Q ---.:-vr,-r--.::v-. .. .. V-: K "1?
' i F 'V.i;.", - . . & K -..,...; - ? .1 3
to i V?W .v.?t:; -- Vl v - . .s' - v . -; sjA
f, i ... , .Vr,.. ,,. ;
Poso of famous model, Audrey Munson, showing how women should protect eyes while reading.
Uy AUDKEY MI XSOX.
No womnn can maintain ier claim to
beauty If her eyes show little red,
thrcadllkn Hues of strain,, nor if there
are lines of wear.na about them,- nor
shadows of lllnasa or exhaustion be
neath them. '
Eyes should be cloar and bright, capa
ble of expressing vivacity or serenity,
according to tho soul weather which
they rettoct. I'ersonally, I prof or the
steady, serene gate that suggests the
paintings we- have seen of the Madonna.
But tho brightly roving eye has Its at
tractions, too more for some than for
others. Eyes, like types of beauty, ap
peal to the taste of the beholder.
I am most careful to adjust a book,
magaslna or newspaper at tho easlost
angle for reading. I do hot drop my
book hi my lap and lean over it until
my eyes accommodate themselves to the
dlntnnco of the book. Not at all. Kyes
were made before books and are more
valuable. Therefore, when I settle to
read I hold the book at various dis
tances until it is Just so far from my
eyes or near to them that I can read
without the slightest sense of strain.
When I have read for a little , time,
even though my eyes are not tired, I
glance out of the window at the far
thest roof, or up at the sky and fix my
sight uoon the highest cloud. I stare
Wit these objects for two or threa or five
minutes. Then my ryes go baok to the
printed page rested, .v-hen I am sewing
or posing or writing letters, or embroid
ering, I give my ryes these rests a dosen
times a day. Sometimes pflener.
The moment my eyes are weary I atop
whatever I am doing and rest them,
either in the way I have described or by
closing them for a few minutes. I learned
the last habit of eye repose from a lite
rary friend of mine who writes many
hours every day. She calls these rests
"nsps." . .
I nm even now buying a bookrent, fur
I t!ilnk It Is oven enslrr to adjurt a b io
to our sight by its use. .A book rcsi.'yoii
ran raise higher than tUn level of yon
lap and the hands and wrists wlil not
wearied by the strain of 'holding It htjhcv
than our knees.
' I never, never, lever read In bf'd. t
am thankful to tbore older n:id wl -r
than I, who t.iuslu nio ti;ut to rend
while reclining In bed or on a couch was
to overfill tho bloodvessels of tho ey
and so catiso n degree of congestion In
the eyes. If one Is loo tired to sit straight
I am convinced she Is too tired to rend.
She should rest In the sl'enee and dark
ness of hr room j an quite aware how
common Is this bad hnblt and I haven't
a doubt that that Is one reason wh
New Yorkers have the least beautiful
yes in the t'nlted States. They live so
largely by artificial light and most ol
them do all the reading they do In bed.
matter of lunch, and afternoon tea at a
smart hotel, where some other dollar or
two flits mystertouly from her handbag.
Foolish little treats for the children,
silly toys, that break within the hour,
and stray nickels and dimes to buy every
thing that every other child on the block
has account for much more that van-
or $3 a week.
The main way that women's money
goes, however, is for Jimcracks. Good
furniture and good clothes are an In
vestment They last. They give service,
and they are worth their price, but there
Is scarcely a house in the land that has
not In It hundreds and hundreds of dol-
Walking With Sorrow
Strengthening Power of Pain an Educative Force.
1 'ough exercise" Is the tr'hclplo of II .
Who ever walked ten miles with untlr d
strength and unld'.stere I fe t who hvl
not begun with a stretch of tiree or
four and gradually Increased his en
durance! What pole-vaultcr ever oleawd
the bar at elever. feet who had not 'Irst
By DKATIUCR FAIRFAX. '
"I walked a ndle with Pleasure;
She chattered all the way.
But left me none the wiser '' ' '
For all she had to say,
I walked a mile with Sorrow,
And ne'er a word said she;
But oh, the things I learned from her
When borrow nalked with iu '
ItOLiKriT UhOWNINU HAMILTON.
Has It ever occurred to you that you
haven't a better friend In a I the world
than sorrow. Of couis-, all of us II
to be happy, to enjoy life and to hv
the good things of this world. But
pleasure does not generally make for
growth. Knjoyment la a pleasant enough
thing In which to bask, but basking never
Increased the stature or the soul.
lsrs' worth of absolute Junk. Furniture prtBCpleB M to ,how tne ,lrenrtn ot th, Being" b-.rn to ease and o mfort, an1
that has neither use nor beauty to recom- ,upporter. of tho8e pr,nclplel... rt not hav,n oar l"th r Yu n
mend It. alleged ornaments which rep- . mmKrl0l. nt . t)rnnmlnrV r,i.,n Ufa Is a very pleasant thing. That I
UO Bill uwiy, nMBl Vk (IB, IK ll'rn
; will be left undone. White political par
lies may luunrta imiiuuiu viiua, ivauy f
to party is far more likely to deaden the
sense of relation and obligation to the
nation than it ia to promote it.
Do Tocquevlllc, in his "Pemocracy in
America," touched close upon that point
when he wrote, "Parties are strongly in
terested In gaining an election not so
much with a view to the triumph of their i
resent some passing fod, a clutter ; tht h. wm be distinctively
mings msi are omy n w u w.ruw,, ... . H1 arfertlon, and ambitions will as
the Kuruage can, ana yet mat com a
pile of good money.
And any woman's bureau drawers
would answer the question "where does
the money go?" Bargains that were not
bargains, tawdry ornaments that caught
the eye for a moment, things that were
bought merely because they were marked
down from fl to 98 cents, things that
were bought Just for the mere lust of
buying handkerchiefs, gloves, veils,
neckwear all the trifles that cost so
Pretty, Wavy, Curling
Hair Without Hot Iron
Let me tell you of a simple method
Which Is a favorite of the belles of a cer
tain exeiusive so' tai set. i in sure you
would like to know of It, because tt will
f lvs your hair such a pretty curllness and
ualre and permit you to do away with
the ruinous waving Iron forever.
Juet get from any druggist a few ounces
of ordinary HqulJ sllmer.ne. and at nl;ht
add! m. lltfli. with rl-u n tooth brUHh.
drawing this down the full 'ength of the
hair, in the morning you wl I have a real
surprise, the fascinating, flu: y. wavy f-, fca strain on the cords and ligaments
& -i'-. tur;,1' ""u'lir'l.h I', n1 actually relieve the tension of
unpleasant trsre of this ha. role s liqui.l. I ner" ' nu tendons, that so often
You wdi also rind this a spirndid dress nj caus nausea, morning sickness and
for the hair. Muna Morrow in the Club-1 twitching of the limbs. Mother's
woman. Advertisement. ' i"rlend la highly recommended.
that tempt a woman as whisky
docs a drunkard. Thats where women's
Advico to Lovelorn
at homo heraelf had she had sufficient I much and perish so soon, Just the gew-
energy and thrift.
Of course, It's a luxury to have all
these things done for you, but it explains
J where lota of money that women handle
The street cars get a lot more of the
lost nickels, for the average woman con
siders It a crime to walk where she can
ride, and takes the car even when she Is
going a few blocks. That Is why street
cars can pay dividends on sea of
Thero la no earthly reason why the
overage woman who bus to go shopping
shouldn't eat before she leaves home. But
she doesn't he stays herself from time
to time on sundaes and ice cream, and
hot chocolate always at 10 and 16 cents
per stay, even when the doesn't treat a
i friend and this Just wcrks up to the
rule be so bound up in his organization ' luxury' ",ure1 oc,a P08"1""
.. .,.f-Mrf th. I But most of us don't. And to that tact
that th value of such organisation does
not reside In itself, but In th amount
which It is able to contribute to th na
1 When I hear It said of a man that he I
an Intense republican or an Intense dem
ocrat I at once conclude that It Is not
probable that he Is an intense American.
j If there were among our cltlxens an eye
; single to the public jood official posi
tions of large sr sponslbillty would be
! filled with men of larger moral and per
sonal caliber than the rase at present.
An author well versed In American his
tory, writing In regard to this matter,
seventy years ago, said: "American
' statesmen of the present day are inferior
to those who stood at the head of af
fair fifty year ago," What wa true
when that was written Is true now. In
the early days of the republic the urgency
, of the situation caused cltisens to realise
i that only the best men were equal to
By BtiTIIOI TAIXTAX
The Woman of 83.
rvar Miss Fairfax: I am a gentleman j ln ,lre" mpa "X cnucai cona.uons.
rf ; inn uciuaiiiied with and Interested , o that men of mean capacity were less
in a oiuig woman about 36 years o.d. Al- .disposed to covet such positions and the
tliuSgn Itcllng inclined I hesitate talking, . . ..- , ., .
muinage to her, as 1 have been advised 1 PtuP l"9 were too concerned to
auow mem lo ocupy mem.
and thnl If I didn't in a few years I would Statesmen who could do the heavy work
"iMvT.U.i'InS' do vou think n,l. 1. ood ' n-w'y bo n'on PP1
sound, s. uslble advice, or would you ad- therein addressed to them, and conslder-
vlse me to lunore my friends' advice slon atlona of personal ambition and eonve
thise lines Kindly give me your candid . wr mwrnt nut r,t thlr th,.n.h
advico on the subjer-t and I will be very 'n,enc were swept out of their thought
thnnkful sml rm.ful to you Ti e' w , by the mote momentous argument of con
plenty of money there, tut that's not what dltlons that were crucial. A sense of dl
1 am after; It . no inducement. -. u. t per,onill relation to country dm-
The woman of 15 has many things to inated them and focused their powers of
An Experienced Mother.
Women who have answered the hljrh.
est calling are anxious to heln and in.
fluence the expectant mother, go th bring to a marriage that no young girl 'thought and passion upon efforts of pur
can avoid unenng ror many year I can glv. 6h has poise and sympathy ; self-sacrificing patriotism.
r.vri hjiiibu luuiurn uits rclieQ upon
Mother Friend, obtained at any drug
tore, because this splendid external
remedy adds to the physical comfort
of every expectant mother. It make
muscles flexible and lakes away
and great knowledge of life and men
and horn making. ' A man of fc would
do well to marry a woman near his own
It was the passion of Americanism that
brought this country to Its splendid birth
and nothing less fin and less devoted
age Instead of a flighty girl whose tn- j than the stngie-eyed patriotism that first
teresis are totally different from his.
Age Is not a vital consideration In mar
riage, provided people do not mat so
far out of their own generation that
they find do similarity of interest in
gave life to our country will suffice to
hold It back from deterioration and to
push it forward to a career of Increased
dignity and strength
It remains to consider this matter n its
relation to the church and the synagogue
we have to sdjust ourselves, and th'n
mak the most of th adjustment.
The first consoling tluught that h lis
us to adjust ournelves to the fait that
the spoon In our m u hs at blnh whs
pewter or even t n Is this strnpl truism:
If you have known the worst, y u lav
nothing to fear from life, becauke what
ever follow I likely to be better.
To be born to a life of pleasure and
then to have the see-saw of fortune
rlung you into misery an 1 dlff'cu.ty Is
hard on strong souls and almost un
endurable for weaa ones. To b on
to a llfo of poverty and then, either
through chance or y n r own p werv, to
achieve ucce is a niHMilfh ent, Jo-
Pleasure is a dellghtf.l tomtanlon
with whom one kill time, and In tne
process annihilates one's ability to to
But pain! Pain gives ts an oppor
tunity to baar, to endure, t j test an I
prove our own stature.
From sorrow oni learns how aKlllt
grows through exercise. This very "thor-
struggled over that ob.itac e at
well below hi own head!
Whe one live with pleasure, th da
Is enough. Why prepare for futuri
or struggle to achieve, when all oni
wont I there for the mere taking?
On the road with sorrow on may b
sour and sad at first, but one learns t
force cheer for one' own sake and t
feign happiness lest loved ones suffer
at th pain they cannot assuage. So
comes a natural contentment and peren
nial good cheer in one's own soul. ,
Wnoever has born sorrow well , has
become brave and strong and so daunt
loss that nothing in lit can have terror
and all of life must offer In field of splen
did achievement. .
Borrow teaches supremely that th hu
man will can conquer, and that In th
arena of llfo no handicap ia too great
for determination to conquer.
And all the sympathy and kindness
and understanding In the world, all th '
generosity that mak life a flower gar
den instead of a waste of bitterness,
com from th sorrow understood, en
dured and bravely companioned.
t m sw am ttvw .sms. sttw ns.
TTm mm Omml Lmktt
Stmr StHtt Ham
Armuur'l Graft Jmiel
'& Puri ' 'UafLarxj
fa made exclusively from the meat of tender young
pigs and the finest ham trimmings, the choice
elections of the immense Armour output.
Its rich mellowness is heightened by being scientifically
combined with choicest spices and seasonings.
AmmIUn Fmrm. im Arwr's timmat smmss. SWa
mnd-r Oval LmMtkm star mktch AuHih laa
af area's a aaaA a laa Atuar Fndmtm.
a a u e .
i in ) rti in .O. r tmm rA iar4I 1 r
HlTiv-UH vvr its m.i
13th tt Jonas St.,
Phone X). 105S
a h i I
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