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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 2, 1915)
Till: MiK: OMAHA. fHUJkSDAY, KWTKMIiKB 2, 1915.
LfiiniIlini i A Cnfcy that BeUewes ta Itself
( I. 1 4
ill til? J f
n 1 ft r; n t
J!' .U . .1 -".:
I'onioince, federal Court House and Customs
Hour In Lincoln, Which Is Being Greatly
Enlarged to Meet the Demands of the
Continually Growing Fatronaao.
Rr w. n. WIIITTKW,
Secretary IJneoln Commercial Club.
IIRKE tnlnss there are which
I Insure a city possessing them
la future of prosperous irrowth
nQ vxcepuaniu eia-uiiiiy.
These are ita desirability aa
a city In which to do
business. In which to make one
horn and In which to educate one's
children. For theae are the three things
to live, to lova and to learn which moat
conoern the normal man because they lie
nearest to hia heart and hla desire.
Because of Ita location In the heart of
the great wheat, corn and crass growing
and meat making country and of the net
work of railroads which connect It with
all of the ilch farina and great ranches
of the west, the city of Lincoln. Neb., In
A An Educational
Lincoln la the leading educational
center of the weat, and haa a
student population during the
school year of 1,000. Hera are Ita
leading educational Instltutlona:
University of Nebraska, embrac
ing aeven collegea. Including the
college of agriculture, which haw a
separata plant located two ml'.ea
rest of the main university.
Nebraska Wssleyan university,
the central college of the Meth
odist Episcopal church In the wet.
Cottier university, founded and
maintained by the Christian
church, a strong denomination In
Union college, headquarters In
the west of the Seventh Day A0
venitsU. Nebraska Military academy.
Tiro larga buslneaa collegea.
Three thriving conservatories at
Private finishing sohool for girls
assured of a volume of commerce meas
ured only by the enterprise and talent of
those who engage In buslneaa within Ita
Because of Ita fine, wide and shaded
streets. Its grassy parka. Its paved boule
vards, Ita well built homes, the absence of
alums and the presence of a population
composed of those elements that enter
Into the making of an alert and progres
sive people. It la a horn city of unusual
Because of Ita great universities ftva,
In number Ita business and musical col
legea and Ita compact and up-to-date
school ay st era It offers to all who seek
the foundations of a liberal education or
the finish of the professions an oppor
tunity to select and secure what they will.
Numbered within the city and its en
virons are t.0"0 people, men. women and
children, who have come within the snaoe
of a few years to angaga In business, to
build homes and to equip themaelves with
a rounded education.
epltal City of Nebraska.
All this haa been accomplished In
little more than a generation, much less
than fifty years. In 1 the present site
of the city of Lincoln waa occupied by
the small village of lAticaster, a aleepy
little Inland town where had gathered
soma hardy aoula Intent upon pioneering
an unknown country. The conflicting
ambitions of (then) better altuated towns
within the atata and the inability of a
majority of tha people to favor on city
above tha other, led to tha selection of
Lancaster as the capital, located on tha
rolling prairie overlooking tha valleys of
two small creeks, and tha renaming of
tba place aa Lincoln.
Milt Ualek Start.
Aa tha capital of a young but fast grow
ing atate, Lincoln at ones became tha
mecca for hundreds of ambltloua young
persons, and within a few yeare founda
tions had been laid for an enduring civic
structure. Railroads backed by home and
foreign capital sprang Into belnR as
though by a maglaian'a wand, and where
one already within tha state's borders
showed signs of hesitating about reach
ing out across tha prairies to tha new
metropolis, the people offered large sub
sidies or proceeded to build connecting
lines themselves. Out of this welter of
little end poorly -built roads there have
been evolved five great modern railroads
which serve the city, forming arteries of
trade that bring vast commercial terri
tories within the reach of Its business
EHrly In Its life aa a city, Lincoln de
veloped Into a lobbing renter, and as tha
state Increased In population, as the rail
roads were eitenOd and aa agriculture
multiplied, this form of commerce. linked
with manufacturing In downs of line be
came a dominant factor In Its growth.
Aa the faults!, the city became and re
mains the political center of the atate.
The University of Nebraska followed
shortly after the selection of Lincoln
aa tha capital, and Its growth haa run
far and fast ahead of that of the state
Itself aa Individual wealth piled up and
tha belief In a strong educational system
grew. The dominance of agriculture as
the great business of the state early led
to tha founding close to the city of a
giant agricultural oollrse and school,
where hundreds of boys from tha farm
are taught everything there la to know
about their business. To Insure tha
stability of Ita educational Instltutlona a
larga part of the agricultural domain was
early set aside as school, university and
agricultural lands. Prom sales and
rentals a fund. Invested In bonds and
amounting now to fl0,000,0n0, has been
collected and there yet remain thouaanda
of acres as tha Inheritance of tha educa
tional system of tha state.
Tha Uncoln of 1970 numbered a thousand
or two souls, clustered about a combination
buslneaa and residence) district that waa
leas than a mile square. Today the city
proper haa an area of sight square miles,
and within five miles of tlia postofflc
66,000 people live and labor. The one-story
frame store buildings with flaring fronts
of pionesr days hare been replaced with
modern business blocks, ranging In height
to eight stories, equipped with all modern
devices for comfort and quick dispatch
and filled with merchandise of quality
and worth. The llly-equlpped oottaga of
the pioneer haa vanished and In Ita plaoa
are found tha bungalow, the fine resi
dence and tha palatial mansion. There
are no rookeries where tha ahlftless and
tha unlucky seek refuge, no districts
where vice and crime are given quasi
license to flourish and to prey. The Lin
coln of today enjoys a prosperity so well
distributed that it is equally aa well
famed for the absence of Knob hill pal
aces as It Is for tha absence of slums.
Within the eight square miles of ter
ritory are to bo found sixty-three miles
of paved streets, sixty-five miles of street
railways' and ninety-five miles of sewers.
It owns Its own water plant and Its own
street lighting plant. It haa also branched
out Into commercial lighting, and through
the competition thua given haa given
eonaumera the toweat electrlo rates pos
sible In a city of any considerable area.
Its street car system ms In tains up-to-date
cars upon schedules faster than
thoea of other cities of Its site, an by
reason of the compactness of tha business
district and the spreading character of
tha residence sections few homes are
beyond a fifteen minutes' ride to business
and a few cars are overcrowded.
The roll of tha prairie upon which Lin
coln Is located la so gentle that there are
no great hills to climb, no cuts through
which streets need burrow their way, no
giant cliffs up which one must toll to
reach tha haven of home just easy
gradea that make riding upon the boule
vards a pleasure and that make possible
the giving to each homo a setting of
lan and ahade that doubles Its attrao
Neither la Lincoln set down upon a flat
and cheerlers plain. To the West Is the
valley of tha Belt, wherein are the
greater part of the railroad yards and
around which ctuater the larger manu
factories and warehouses. On the gently
undulstlng rise from thla valley la tha
bualneaa district, which thrusts Its way
to tha east, spreading fanllke as It goes,
to be checked by the slightly elevated
ptateaua around tha Antelope and that
border the Salt on the east. Thus It Is
that after passing tha ramparts of tha
flat buildings, apartment and rooming
houses that -surround tha buslnees sec
tion of every city, building sites. Idea
and attractive, are found upon which
thousands of Lincoln people and other
Nebraskana have built comfortable and
The great agricultural west. In Its real
development, la scarcely more than a gen
eration old. Tha firat cltlsens of Lincoln
were men and women with their fortunes
to make. They labored so welt, not so
much with respect to themselves per
sonally aa for tha city of their adoption,
sacrificing and working ao that those who
came after them might be better fitted
to make tha city what In their dreams it
had bean to them, that today one of tha
strong "pulls" of the city Is that which
It oxerts upon the other residents of Ne
braska. Within the last tan years hun
dreds of men who had made modest for
tunes upon the farms and In the smaller
towns of the stats have come to Lincoln
to lire. These are men whose 110 and 120
land has become 1 100 and CM land; mer
chants whoss thrift and labor have given
them a surplus that fills their every
physical need; bankers who hare gar
nered rich sheaves from tha wheat fields
of fortune: lawyers and other professional
men who had made so good a start out
side that thsy felt they could safely
challenge the competition of the city
field. Some of these newcomers had made
all the money they desired and have re
tired, but most of them retain the In
terests where their fortunes first rooted.
City's railing; Power.
It la difficult In a paragraph to sharply
picture to the imagination tha effect upon
the character of the population that thla
sort of emigration has had. Few persons
move to a large city because they prefer
It aa a place of residence. The pulling
power of a big city Ilea in what It can
offer In the way of work for those who
are yet seeking tha bubble fortune or In
the way of Increased advantage for those
who are already well established In a line
of business. It Is from this source of
supply that a city gets its vigor and Its
hustle, but that which differentiates one
city from another, which makee one more
attractive than tha other, la Its power to
draw from other strata of society.
With Lincoln, which drafts ths major
portions of Its population rains from the
same souros as other large cltlea, there
has also rested thla advantage, that it
has also been gathering the cream skim
med off other Sections of the atate.
Taken In connection with tha fact that
already the city had bullded better than
the average commercial center by also
wearing Into Its structure ths strong fiber
of superior educational facilities, th's Im
migration haa given to the population a
tone and to Ita ctvlo life a flavor that
raise It above the dead level of a mere
home town. A condition like thla makes
for a democratic community, since It
raises the average of education and ex
perience, the sources of real learning,
and thus elevatea the general level,
whereas In most cities the tendency Is
towarda an aristocracy of wealth on one
hand and a communism of poverty on the
other the big house on the hill and the
thatched cottage in the lowlands.
While the cultural advantagea of Lincoln
as a residence city have been emphasised
In Its development, there haa been no
neglect of- the material side. Completely
encircling the city, but within Its borders,
runs a pared boulevard. Interlaced with
dosena of other equally well-surfaced
streets, that accommodates a constantly
Increasing automobile pleasure traffic
Leading out from the city In other dl
rectlona are other boulevards, paved part
way and tapering off Into well-dragged
and well-graded dirt roads. These lead
out to and past a doaen parka, Including
amusement resorts, grounda attached to
state Institutions and municipal recreation
The city maintains two park, one In
the weat section and one In the east aec
tlon. Tha latter. Antelope park, is but
the beginning of an ambitious project
that will Inolude a wide atrip of land,
partly woodland now and part of It rail
road right-of-way, running through tha
city diagonally. Already Antelope park
la the mecca of thouaanda who find
recreation In Ita leafy shades. The city
employs a band to give concerts regularly
In the summer season. It maintains a goo
and botanical gardens, and la developing
all other phases of park growth. Bout fa
west of ths tlty la Epworth Lake nark,
tha home of the Nebraska Epworth as
sembly, where for ten days each summer
thousands of Nebraskana live tha simple
life In tents and listen to programs that
excel In attractiveness any of the west
ern ehautauqua gatherings. West of the
city la Capital Beach park, located upon
a wide spreading lake and equipped with
the usual white city amusement devices.
To the northeast are the grounds of the
Nebraska atata fair, where one of the
greatest live stock and agricultural ex
positions In tha country la held for eight
day a early each fall. On the east are
several small parka, maintained by the
atate or by suburban towns that lure hun
dreds to their cool stretches in summer
time. Lincoln holds a membership In the
Western Base Ball league, which main
tains two parka.
Ita KdacatlomsJ Plaat.
No city In the west Is so well equipped
with an educational plant as Is Lincoln.
This city offera opportunity for a com
plete education, from the kindergarten up
through the high school and into tha uni
versity, and from there into any one of
the leading professions. The secondary
schools consists of twenty-eight public
and private schools. A new high school
building that is the latest word In con
struction and in devices for effective
work, and which will cost nearly three
quarters of a million, Is nearlng com
pletion. Sixteen ward school buildings
house ths remainder of the 11,000 school
children. The parochial side of educa
tion Is given strong emphasis In ths
schools of Llnooln. The fact that so
large a percentage of children leave
school before they complete ths grades
In every city has bean recognised hers
City Building. Located on Federal Square,
in Which the Several Departments of City
Government Are Housed.
and an effort made to meet the condi
tions. Instead of seeking to combat a
situation that haa Us basis In sconomla
conditions, the school management has
substituted practical atudlea for tha theo
retical. Not only are the boys and girls
m ths gradea being taught things, the
knowledge of which will become of prac
tical value to them just as soon as they
leave sohool, but they have been organised
Into a junior civic and Industrial league,
whose 1.700 members are periodically
shown through the great Industries of the
city and made acquainted, through talks
and illustrations, with how Industry Is
organized, what each one offers In the
way of pay and opportunity and what
problems and chances they face. In sim
ilar practical ways are they taught how
they are governed through the state,
county and city administrations.
To add attractiveness and Interest to
the task of gaining an education 1.200
home and school gardens are cultivated;
there are fully equipped playgrounds at
twelve buildings; three summer recrea
tion centers are maintained and domes
tlo science and manual training given
unusual prominence In the curriculum.
In the hours when the city plant Is not
running, pre-vocatlonal and night schools
occupy the buildings, and at other hours
they are made us of as social centers.
In addition there are high-class private
and parochial schools, a military academy
with a nation-wide reputation, two splen
did business colleges, several conserva
tories with staffs recruited from the best
known musical centers of the world, and
other colleges where concert ringing,
dramatlo art and oratory are taught A
dental college Is also an adjunct of a
As s University Town.
- Located In suburbs Immediately adjoin
ing Lincoln are the Nebraska Wealeyan
university, the leading college of that
denomination In tha west, with an enroll
ment exceeding S6I; Cotner university.
maintained largely by ths Christian
church denomination, where Ml students!
pursue knowledge, and Union college, thai
western denominational university of the
Seventh Day Adventlsta, and where 304
students are fitted for missionary and
other church activities. 1
The capaheaf of Lincoln's educational
structure Is tha University of Nebraska, i
At tha last election the voters of the
stste were asked to determine whether
they wished the university to be extended
upon its downtown campus or to be con
solidated with the Stats Agricultural
school upon ths farm campus, on tha
eastern border of the city. They over
whelmingly voted against consolidation,
and at the same time authorised the
(Continued on Page Seven Column One.)
A a Political
Lincoln is the political center of
a larger area than any other efty
In the United States, due largely to
the fact that It Is the home of
Hon. W. J. Bryan, secretary of
state, who was thrtoe honored aa
a democratic nominee for ths pres
idency. At Lincoln are located:
The state capltol.
The State Historical society
The stats penitentiary.
The Stats Orthopedie hospital.
Ths stats fair.
The governor's mansion.
Ths State Hospital for ths iti
sane (one of three).
Three-fourths of ' ths stats po
litical conventions are held In Lin
coln, and all of ths stats offlcors
. are required by law to maintain
residences In the city.
Tlio Lincoln Accident Insurance Go.
A STOCK COMPANY
OF LINCOLN, NEBRASKA
rREMTUM RKCEirTS FOR 1V14 M .
. X. Stre wn a, irr.ide.
t, X.. nr.ncv. floe-President,'
C B. iaia, viee-jrreaMeat.
O. 9. COtLIIsK, Seeretery.
O. W. CO I.I. MAS, TreMore.
A. P. COLLMAR, Auditor.
K. JL. BOB SIMS. Adjuster.
A Nebraska Company owned by
NebmsaA men, operated for Ne
Its 1013 Nebraska buslneaa wa
the largest of any company doing
business la the state.
Agents wanted throughout Nc&raaAA. Tilf agency profits assured.
Write for an Agency today.
United States Depository
Surplus and Undivided Profits
A general banking bnsiness in all linos
conducted with a view to tho upbuilding of
P. L. J1ALL, resident
F. E JOHNSON, VicPn$.
. l. W. HACKNEY, Jr., V.-Pr$.
Assets Over $3,300,000.00
Has loaned over
nine millions to
If you want to have a home
of your own, we can assist
you in securing one on very
For further information address home office,
1409 O Street,
II K. BURKET,
E. P. LEONARD,
M. W. FOLSOM,
J. A. PIPEH,
Lithographing, prlnUnx. en
graving, die stamping, pass
books, check book covers,
loose leaf systems, . blank
books, the latest la stAU.qn.er7,
office supplies, desks, office
chairs, cabinet safes, steel
vault fixtures, card systems,
filing device, typewriters and
Write us for
117-9 Sealh 121a Street,
City National Bank
UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY
Capital and Surplus, $300,000.00
Is, B. HO WET, President. K. H. MTIyLOWKET, OsAbier.
U J. DUNN, Vice President. W. VAN RIPER, Asst. Cashier
1 B. HO WET..
I J. DUNN,
IX. B. GRAINGER,
Pres. Grainger Bros. Co.
Pres. First National Bank,
Blue Hill, Neh,
H. J. WIN NEXT,
A. 8, TIBBETS,
M. J. WAIGH,
Pres. Lincoln Paine s
K. M. WESTER VKLT,
Real Estate and Industrial
Com. O, B. e Q. R. R.
W. H. FERGUSON,
Vlce-Pres. Beatrice Praam
PAUL H. HOLM,
Real EstAte and Loan.
A. U CLARKE,
Pres. First National Bank.
B. O. HARDY,
Hardy Furniture) Qa,
A. O. FAULKNER,
Pres. Woodman Accident
J. L. TEETERS,
W. M. LEONARD.
Financial Corresrpotsdent .
Union Central Life Insur
If you are looking for
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The Security Mutual Life
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Other companies may be as good, but, why look further?
If you want a policy, or if you want an agent's contract,
address the Obsnpaay at Lincoln, Neb.
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