Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 02, 1915, LINCOLN STATE FAIR, Page 3, Image 13
inn m:r,: omaiia. ninistnv. sr:nT.Mni:n wis. Stat. 1 Nebraska t tfo 5 r. v QITWIl(g I tlh 2 f'.'i 6 l. J j s'lL- -. UKIVEnsiry y JTEDRAjSKA -Down-town, cajnpua. A BT P. A. BARROWS. DVArTAGES wtilch the agri cultural Intercuts of Nebraska have received from the state university through the college of agriculture and the school of agriculture cannot be es tlmated. These three schools, or rather the last two, working tinder the direc tion of the first, has enabled the boys and girls of tho farm to receive an educa tion along farm and dairy lines which has been one of the big factors In mak ing Nebraska what It Is today and plac ing It among the very first In the agri cultural slates of the middle west. The college of agriculture educates young men and women along lines of agriculture and dairy work which enables them at the close of their courses to go back to the farm better fitted for the work of the farm. There are about 600 of these students In the college at the present time. Of those who graduate, both men and women, about 75 per cent either re turn to the farm or Into some profession where their education received at the farm will fit in wtth their work. Many go out as instructors in other colleges or as farm demonstrators teaching the peo ple engaged in dairying and farming how to get the best results for their labors. The school of agriculture Is Intended t giro the boys and girls of the state who have passed the eighth grade In thol. studies a chance to become experts in tho agricultural lines. About 700 are connected with this school, who, as they graduate, will go back to the farm with new and better ideas of compelling thi oil to give up Its best to the tUler. Many of the graduates of the school of agriculture go out as teachers In rural schools, the instruction received at the school fitting them especially for this lino of teaching and they are in demand from all over the state so that as the year go by scientific methods In farm ing will be instilled. Into the men and women of the farm and the best results will be reached. i . . What the Schools Are Do I a a-. Under the direction of Dean Burnett every effort Is being made to give the students of the two schools the best technical education that It is possible to give. Under his direction the College ot Agriculture has Influenced the types of farmers In the state by Us Investigation of farm problems and carrying results of invesiisations having economic bearing back to Oie farmer.-). "Wo . spent," said Dean Burnett to a nwppaper representative who called upon Ij'm. "fifteen years selecting the best lyres of Red Turkey wheat, and are now introducing three or four selections for furni purposes. There are probably fifty men in the state now growing this se lected strain, and we are still working to get strains which will give targe yields, a stiff straw, ripen early and good quality of grain with high gluten proportion. We have wheat harvested right now (June 22) which Is about ten days earlier than the common varieties. "In our Investigations we have discov ered that the early varieties ot oats are much superior to the late. The Kherson leads In this respect. The Burt, Texas Red and one other variety ripen very nearly at the same time as the Kherson. We have discovered that If we can get a grain, and especially oats, that will ripen ten days or two weeks ahead of the com mon variety that it Is likely to escape the dry weather which Is usually harm ful to the common varieties which come on later. "We have done a great deal of work on seed selection of corn. In tests carried on we have co-operated with the farmer In the eastern portion of the state, whore about ten varieties have been' grown by each man, and have selected the two beat producers, which outyleld the others by about eighteen bushels per acre. This ndicatea that every corn grower should alse the com best adapted to his soil, nd also to the climate, and he will not et the best results unless the seed is raised and selected in his own locality. "In some years seed corn selected early In the field has proven quite superior to that selected later from the crib, and ,we advocate the selection In the field showing the best results." Plant Diseases. According to Dean Burnett, In ome counties plant diseases have been se vere, and the college has helped the farmer to treat the grain, and it las been to much benefit, especially in the case of oats. Where the formaldehyde treatment has been. used the yiell in creased to about twelve bushels per aero, increasing the value of each acre about $6. Borne work has been done to help orchardlats to get rid of disease. Spray ing demonstrations have been carried on In five or six counties for several years, and the department has many Interesting facts shown in Its printed bulletins cov ering the spraying proposition nnd its help to the fruit grower. The work done In treating trees attacked by the Illinois canker has been so successful that thousands of trees have been and will be saved, which otherwise might' have died from the disease. In one instance Dean Burnett showed where a tree attaoked by that disease had been killed nearly half way around the main trunk of the tree. Treatment was given it anl today it la as healthy as any other tree In the orchard. Stock Experiments. The work of the experiment station In developing the best rations for fatten ing cattle and hogs Is recognised all over the state. At the North Platte experiment farm more than 2,000 hogs have been fed to determine the cheapest method of pork production. Alfalfa pasture, with a medium ration of corn In summer and alfalfa hay with a full ration of corn in winter, has produced cheaper gajns than any other rations used. With the use of alfalfa about 26 per cent of corn la saved.. This would men 120,000,000 a year if only half of the corn crop was fed to hogs. When alfalfa cannot toe secured, or when the price Is extremely high. It has paid , to feed .protein concentrates, like tankage or oil meal, along with the corn. In feeding catle, experiments made have shown that alfalfa hay and corn have proved the most profitable rations. In some . instances the addition of corn silage has cheapened the cost of gain. In . other instances, ' while it has not cheapened the cost, the use of the silo has greatly Increased the number of cattle which could be kept on the farm When the experiment station begai. studying rations for fattening cattle, probably three-fourths of all the cattle In the state were fattened on coin and prairie hay.- This ration has been found to be too expensive and has been almost abandoned, or if forced to use prairie hay, cotton or linseed oil meal has been added to' the corn ration. Development of Dairy Industry. The" experiment station has helped to develop the dairy interests of the state by, showing how to teed and handle the dairy cow so as to increase tho quality and production of milk. The average yield of biitter per cow In the experiment sta tion herd is over 400 pounds per cow per annum, while the average of the cows of Nebraska is about 140 pounds. This difference is due to the selection of good individual cows, the use of high grade sires and good feed ing and management. The college of agriculture has assisted l:i the organisa tion of cow testing associations, of which there are now a half dozen in the state. . In the Douglas county association the best herd made an average of Sis pound and the poorest 174 pounds. The ten most profitable cows made a test of $103.28 per cow. while the poorest ten only averaged ts.78 per cow. This in itself is & story with a moral which does not have to be stated. The new dairy building now under con struction will have greatly Increased fa cilities provided for developing dairy In terests. It will cost when completed In all departments about 17A,00. Manufacture of Ho t holern Sernm, The college, through Us hog choler. serum plant, is doing a great deal to assist the farmers In the prevention and control of hog cholera. ICnough seru.n will be produced this year to vaccinate nearly 700,000 hogs. Tho capacity of the serum ptnnt ha been inci eased by the erection of new and sanitary buildings, so that probably there Is no plant In the ftato that can turn out a better quality of scrum, to that Work of this kind has born ot great value In protecting hogs of the state against cholera. Asrrlenl t arel Clles;e extension. The appropriations which have been made by the legislature for extending the ilant of the agricultural college will greatly facilitate the work of the college In assisting tit farmer. A new dairy building, one of the lent In the United States, now under connt ruction; a new building of agricultural engineering will be started this year; a new horso burn and a heating plant are also under con structlon and when completed these will nearly double the capacity of the plunt for handling students. Conservation nnd Soil Survey. Tha proposition of conservation and soli survey covers considerable territory However under the supervision of Dr. George E. Condra the territory has beer greatly minimised by the use of the mo tion picture machine and the soli survey investigations. In the soil survey seventeen counties have been completed and parties are now in the field working on four addlt onul areas. In the make-up of the survey parties the state furnishes a man for each one furnished by the government The work is very strenuous and long hours are the rule, with sometimes a walk of more than twenty miles and flf teen or twenty borings. The first thing in the work Is to deter mine the various types of soli In each county and map them out on a large scale map. Everything Is shown. When completed data is gathered from farm ers In the locality regarding agricultural practice. A description of this practice Is Included In the text and in this way the survey Is Instrumental In increasing the efficiency of the land. Reports of field work are prepared In the office at the university and forwarded to the United States bureau of soils, Washington, for publication. As soon as published these reports and maps con tained therein are eagerly sought by cltl sens of the respective counties. They are of use among the farmers, In the schools and by realty dealers. No attempt la made to overestimate the soil resources and the Industries based thereon. The ob ject of the survey Is to determine a fact basis for development and to derive such Information thereby as will be of great est use In conservation and development. It Is on this account that the department la given the name, conservation and soil iurv, A further use of the survey Is made In the department by many persona who make Inquiries relative to the different kinds of soil and their best management. The number of these Inquiries Is large. Probably no phase of the work of the conservation and soil survey has at tracted more attention than Its duty under the bluo sky law. The statutes provide that tho conservation and soil survey shall Investigate and report upon tho sale of foreign lands In the state when re quested so to do. In cause tho sales are found to be fraudulent the department re ports the anm to the attorney general, whoxo duty It la to prosecute. Thus the department Is the means of saving many thousands of dollars to Nebraskans. The presence of such a law on the statute books has served as a means of pre venting fraudulent dealers from seeking to operate In Nebraska. The department being In close touch with the surveys of other states and with the federal depart ments, Is In a position to gather Informa tion at once upon the various projects offered for sale. In case the facta thus derived do not tally with the representations made by the agents, and If the parties seeking to sell do not have credit, or If after investigation it appears that they can convey no valid title the department re quests the operators to withdraw from the state. This has been sufficient in most cases to check the operation of par ties who could not meet the require ments of the law. The conservation and soil survey hat, through Its director, who has had 'con siderable experience working on the water supply department of the government, passed upon water supplies In many lo cations In Nebraska. This la found to be a simple matter for those who under stand the source of underground water supplies, their direction and volume. The department haa made a few simple, rec ommendations which will be of great value In conserving the human life of the state. . One principle thus set forth la that on shallow water ground, as on valley floors, wells should be placed up valley from the house, privy vault or town, as the case may be, receiving the flow before It becomes polluted. A study of the location of wells haa shown that they are, as a rule, not placed so as to conserve health, " FRED SCHMIDT & BRO, LINCOLN wish to announce that all State Fair Visitors arc spe cially invited to come to . our store and make them selves perfectly at home. Special Free Services During the Fair. The Accredited Business College in the Capital City Is at 14th and P Streets Two floors devoted exclusively to' business training. While at the Fair cortio nnd see a live, modern and wide-awalec business sohool nt work. ACTUAL OmCE PRACTICE for bookkeepers and stenorraphers. Bring 1h!s ad to our office nnd receive a souvenir. Lincoln Business College Fall Term Just Beginning. B-6774. Lincoln, Neb. rr The Best Positions Go To the Best Trained Tor years this college haa been engaged In preparing young people for the best positions in the business wor d. !urlng the past few days we hsvs placed a number of our student in positions ranging as high as one hundred dollars or better per WllVT danianJ ior .ullflell help has been In excess of the supply. HECAI.'SR OUP. GRADUATES OIVR SATISFACTION. ' Modern courses In shorthand, typewriting, penmanship, Bngllsh. business law, commercial teaching, bookkeeping, banking, arithmetic advertising, civil service, etc. Up-to-date equipment; superior teaching force; happy, progressive environment Enter any time. Beautiful Catalog free for the asking. Nebraska School of Business CHAFIX BZ.B(N UXCOZ.V. ST Eg. W. SC. Bryant, Frss. t. a. Slakes lee, Business Mgr. PTP-T1 Jlee Ui iiiveirsiilty 01 Nebraska i The University of Nebraska includes the following colleges and schools: The Graduate College The College of Arts and Sciences The Teachers9 College The College of Agriculture Hie College of Engineering The College of Law The College of Medicine The College of Pharmacy The School of Commerce The School of Fine Arts The School of Agriculture The Teachers9 College High School The University for the first semester on -'Wednesday. Sept 15th One may enter also at the beginning of the sec ond semester about February or the Summer session usually the first full week in June. On any point of information, address The Registrar, Station "A." Lincoln. Neb. 3 rrOI? TXJO.TT rFTl VIOLIN SCHOOL - ! p- LINCOLN, NEB. 1229 M Street. Phone B. 8133. j TOST. TERM BEGINS MONDAY, SEPT.. 6th. 1 ; Pupila may enroll at any time. Beginners accepted 3 and given careful training. - Catalogue upon request, j j Cotner University Cetner University offers the very best opportunity in the following departments: OoUege of Ufcntal Arts, embracing II branches of a University Course. sfjsmal College, for training teacn era, leading to first grade and life professional certificates. Bible College, for training preach ers and mission workers. neasemy, corresponding to the rev Ular four years' nlrh school courso. Bohoel of Arts, kohevl o Hull, tohvA of Bysessioa, Oonuneroiai Aoel. fcoaoei of XemO Boonosaios ad MedloeA Collar. The moral atmosphere surrounding Cotner and Hethany la the best. It Is In a town made up of Christian peo ple. No saloon, pool or btllard hall. Tho church and oollece are the cen ter of attraction and activity. Bethany, tho seat of Cotner. la an IdoaJ suburb of Uocoln, the el'r of ! Universities. A more dellfbtfnl place to live canuoi oe round. Btudenta come directly under the head of eacn department and not under substitutes or assistant teach. ers as In larger institutions. i Tuition low. Table board $1S0 par week. The cost of an education h la the very lowest poaslb'e. Cotner Unlvenalty stands for 4 Christian education, for the develop ment of the morel and spiritual life as well as the mental. We believe also In the niftiest de velopment of the physical. To this end wo have a well equipped ryni naaium. Athletics are cncouraX We have strona Collese and Aradem team in football, basket ball nnd base ball, who compete with the other Colleges of the state, and adjolnlnf states. We are proud of their record this past year. Tr Catalog; or rorthar Information, Aaaress WM. OESCaGER, Chaicellor, Bethany, Nebraska UNION COLLEGE College Normal, Commercial and Academio Course. Excellent advantages in Music, Oratory and Art. A plaoe whoro the highest ideals are constantly before the student Efficient trnluiua: for tho duties of life. Separate dormitories for Indies and gentlemen, in dharge of preceptor and preceptress of many years ex perience. Real Christian home training.' Careful atten tion being given to morals and manners. VMU for catalogue. Union College, College View, Nb.