Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 23, 1915, NEWS SECTION, Page 4-A, Image 4

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Brarery of Member! of the Crew of
the Turkish Armored CrniieT
Described by One of Mefl.
(Correspondence of "the Anaociated !".)
CONPTANTINOPL.K. May 19. ricturc
of Turkish sailors In a modern naval
nction are seldom seen to such advantage
aa ! a native' account of the loa of
the armored rnileer Medjlhlrh of the
Turkish Ttlaek Sea fleet. jiuhllPhed In the
Constantinople rPrs. The account pur
porta to b a diary of one of the r-en of
the .cruiser, who aaved themselves In
small hoata when the vessel was aunk
r"y a Ruaalan mine, mur rV.eftra, ea-ly In
"We left Constantinople when the
golden raya. of the springtime sun were
reflected In the verdant water of the
Boephorua." the account begins. "W
wer on our way to eoromiillnh an Im
portant fluty. dealrou of threatening the
enemy on their vt-ry shores.
"What great Joy lighted all the facee
when the captain, Nairn I Tlay, had told
' She officer and marine that we were
'ff for the fight, which for weeka we had
1 alted with feverish deslr.
. Boaadlasr for Torpedoes.
"April 2, toward the dawn, the enemy'
j aborea were vialble. The coastal water
j where we were st'amlng were very rtan
jgeious. The enemy had aown nmes
(orerywhere. We were Ignorant of the
positions of the mlnea, but we could
,rert quint, for our torpedo destroyers
Ahead of oa were Bounding the aca and
making a road for us. We were ad
vancing and the rising aun with Ita troad
golden raya waa lighting the pathway.
"It waa ,D0 a. m. The ftrat fir of our
'gun waa about to seJut the Ruaalan
nhlpa, houaea and hearth of the enemy
nnd prove that the free and roaJeaUo Hag
of the Ottoman float on the wave of
'the Black Bea.
''Suddenly an explosion occur, a d
lonatlon which a hake the whole ahlp.
A. colnmn of water tiaea, then burnt,
'Piece of Iron atrlke tha deck and plunge
Into tha water. What fiaa happened T Tha
ahlp keol rapidly and tha prow begin to
rink In tha shallow sea. An enemy
mine whkih, because of ita apectal man
ufacture, had not keen seen by our mlne-
llfhjng boat had hit our majeatlo and
lwautiful ahlp.
plrtt f Rramr.
Tier tha aptiit of bravery In our orrw
appear. No alarm, no dlsquletud la
rbown. All la done In absolute calm with
the most perfect serenity. No on seised
the life belt. Not a man Uilnka of the
- boat, for the -captain has not given the
word. The crew has com up on deeir;
for water la rapidly filling the ship, roue
Hliora are at th wheel below. Their
)tuatlon la extremely critical, but they
Hk "to their poet. They aak through
, tbe speaking tuba If they may come UP
'as their comrades have don.
J"Thl deed I on or a heroism that
cannot be described. It I a duty to pub
lish the nnmea of these brave men and
, to cite them as the Incarnation of tha
sentiment of duty. They are! Ashar, h
m of Abraham of Cartalf Achmet, th
aon of Mchmet of Adalla; Mehmnt, tho
on of Muatafa of AyanJIk, and Ismail,
the sun of Yuaauf of Brouaa. 8o long as
they had not receded the order of their
taptafn they would not quit their fnrll
on piHits. The water has already reached
the holler and the englneroom; the
pinnpa no longer work for lack of steam;
the mat la too little to fit the horriblo
leak made by tli mine. .
Life Belt DUlrt ate.
"At last tho captain orders the bouts
into the water and the lifebelts distri
buted. This Is don In the greatest calm
ii,id without the leoxt alarm or liast.
TImj torpedo destroyer then niMh to re.
' i-ue th crew of our shift which la sink
ing while tha boat are being lowered.
The vesae lean more and more on Its
lle. and na tha cannon are partly under
water tli captain glvea th word to
leave. Tho order Is executed without
ulMi-m, The boats fill with sailor, reaoh
the destroyer and com back for other.
"All th object and Important instru
ments of the ship are lowered Into th
Itoata and saved. The captain hat no
. lifvbelt. A sailor offer him hie. It waa
the last to leave th ahlp, after having
mad sure that no on was left on board.
Th prow waa entirely under water, th
stern at 111 out.'
"As It waa neoeaaary to prevent th
enemy from refloating (ha ahlp, a de
stroyer fired a torpedo at It It was a
wise meaaar. Immediately a column
of-water arose and the ahlp disappeared."
Caring for German
Widows and Orphans
' Now a Big Problejn
CXriespoud.'nc of tha Associated Preea )
IJERL.1N. Way . What to do for the
great army of orphan and widow left
by th war t a queatlon already engag
ing varioua charitable oritanlaxtlon. Va
itoua plana hav been, discussed st the
national meetlntfe of two of these socie
ties held In Berlin. A plan put forward
)y Prof. Mayet Is that needy wltowa be
gathered In communltie where they can
be given work, and where provision can
! made for educating their children In
,1 ; lurne ns.
rtnanclal aealatance lor peaaania ww
owa for the purpose of enabling them 10
hold tholr land waa also advix-ated. Con
tinuation schools for country boy and
alrls, as well as family evenings for gen
eral Insinjctloa and entertainment, wer
other nwABiires put forth. A still mor
auibitioua proposal was that th Imperial
govemn-nt eatabllsh a bureau whos
duly ehall be to tke In hand th taak of
i.ruoftiina widows and orphans for work
trKy may sera beat fitted to do, and also
to find utploymrnt for them.
iorresuondeno of the Associated I'reaa.)
L(.;rUN, May W No tourist Rulde
look. prospectuses and maps whatever
rray b sold In a belt 100 kllonuUM Jeep
tblltfhUy tnor than sixty nilUs) exterdlng
lear around the empire. Certain -her
!trtcte ar Included In the prohibition.
Popular tourist region thus affected In
Uud all roMa Kast and West I'rusula
Poruerania. tha liliine, the Vosges. part
U ih Black Forest tli rUfel. the Ha
ariaa Riielnfals and the Uoaelle ttglon.
Tie prohibition does not mtao that
tourisU may isit none of tbe pi acts as
ftrd. Most of thrtn may l visited as
iiual. even includiug the bathing resorts
cf th P.lli4 and tue lake teakoa uf th
yie klenbur
stand and also the president as he was saluting the colors in
'Vv - : 5:1
Daily Newt of London Investigate!
And Ascertain niegritimate Birth
Rate Only About Normal.
(Correspondence of the Associated Press.)
liONTJ)N, May l.-Tiio- war- baby evil
has been greatly exaRgerated, accord
ing to the Dally New,, which ban been
conducting an Independent Investigation
In a email provincial city, where 30,0(10
troop were billeted. The Investigators
found that th pmsent prospective In
crease over the previous records of Il
legitimate birth waa scarcely of. any
Moat of the assertion regarding .war
babies have apparently no baxla of real
data, but hav- grown on hearsay, . like
most rumors In war tlmo, Kach part
of the, country think the. war babies
ar - to be found - In some other part
Neverthrlea,' there are many authentic
Instances at , aoldters with .unmarried
wives, which has always' beets a feature
of British-army lire, .sine regulation
generally oppose ' marrlvKei of . rnlisted
men. . Thlg hlstoV( condition w sud
denly brought to publft 'notice by th
HMMltialtUe of th . war separation al
lowance, which relieves only the legal
wirsa of soldiers. !
' v Hot !Hy llablea Here. .
To test the rumor that the preeenc
of soldlors In billets and camps ha been
responnlblo for an outbreak of tnmoral
U)V a correbpondent of the Pally New
wnt to a military center, where, ac
cording to report, X.uw war bablea wer
expected.. being on th list of a single
doctor and fifty on th Ilt of a singia
nurse. '
Th writer Interviewed th mayor of
th city, who scouted the report. The
police Inspector said he knew, personally
of only foi-r caaea. A Methodist minis
ter and lils VW had never heard of a
single lhtanee.- The adjutant of the flal
vation rm. said only seven cacs had
paaaed through Ita handa. and th vicar
of the lnrgrat parish had heard Indi
rectly of no mor than a doien. Neither
th health officer, th wcrkhous doctor,
the dlepenaary doctor, nor a number of
doctor giving fre treatment .to the
poorer classes under th rational insur
ance act. had com In contact with a
j . i ia- W uktsas
slngl malotnlty cas n wni -
was a soldier. On of th doctors said
r... had himself questioned his colleagues.
Including th man. said to hav 30u case
on his Hat, and only on knew or a sing.e
war baby.
Problem Xt rls.
Investigations were carried farther, but
without additional results.
tt m.m admitted, however, that some
ill balanced and moiionai youo
k.a ivan th aithorltits some concern.
Lack of parenUl di.olplln was largely
reanonalble lor this, beveral giris ien
the town for other places t hid their
condition- rkn others had apptaieu vr
help, but there are in normal times a
nlar oercenUge of thtse cases among
th servant and working .classes. Ap
parently, this rate has l een very mum
A. the InveellgBtlona were conoucreu
n tha eltv. which siariei uw wi -i
... . i . .... - k.ku
agfutlon. It Is not likely that ttie prooiera
Is serious, although th public from the
cabinet down ha been greatly concerned
and agitated about It '
England Learns How
to Make Best German
Grades of Glass
."orreapoudence of the Associated l'reas.)
tlNDoN. May l.-Forniula for mak-
Ing the finer glasses for which lreat
Britain has been dependent on Germany
t.ave been evolved by tbe glaaa research
commute of the Institute of Chen.ltr
Unbreakable glass for mluers lamps ana
glass capabt ot STarraing nin vi
teat for teat tubea, retorta, steam gauge
and the Ilk bad been entirely iraportea
fiom Uermeny. But analyses of !
of tbls kind conducted at King's follege.
London, by Prof. Herbert Jackson. T. r.
Merton and assistants hav at leairl Keen
helpful In suggesting syntneuc eaperi
ments. Th work Involved a cartful
study of th chemistry of silicates, alumi
na te. borates and th like In relation to
the manufacture of glas. As tbe re
sult th research committee reports
even formulae, which hav been uV
,'ected to rigorou practical testa to prove
their Bultablltty. Among tho moit auc
craaful Is ops for miners' lamp a mat
ter of great lmportsnc la the coal min
ing districts.
Ti formula have been put at th
service f the manufacturers . without
charge In order that the special glasses
may soon be produced on a large lnJns
irwl scale.
Ml. Til' t2;..M
Valuable Relics Are
the Mount
WASHlNOTON. May 22. A valuable
addition to tho collection of relics of
General Wnahlngton at v Mount Vernon
ha Just been received by the ladles of
the Mount Vernon association, who are
meeting on annual sosslon here. They
wer given by Mrs. Louts C. Lchr'as a
memorial to her brother, Charles Angalo
The rcllr included a large scrap book,
begun by Nellie Custls; a large piece of
embroidery worked by and a dress which
belonged to Nellie Cliatl embroidered
carf and embroidered lingerie collar be
longing to Martha Washington: set of
dentist's tool, which belonged to Gen
Archbishop of Canterbury Takes a
Hand in Disposing of an African
Religious Difference.
(Correspondence of the Associated PTeas.)
, LONDON. May '1.-Th Klkuyu eon
troversyt which threatened a year ago to
disrupt the Church of England, has been
aettled her with hardly a ripple, so petty
has the fight between high and low
church appeared to opposing factions In
view ot the war. It was settled by th
archbishop of Canterbury, th Anglican
primate, on the side of toleration and
marks a decisive defeat of th high
church party.
Klkuyu I a village In tropic Africa.
In June, 1913, a religious conference was
held there In a Kcotch Presbyterian
church, attended by Methodist, Uaptlat,
Presbyterian and Congregational mis
sionaries and also by th two missionary
bishops of th Church of England (Epis
copal). September 30 th Anglican bishop
of Zansibar, Kev. Mr. .Weston, laaued an
attack on tils brother bishops, accusing
them of heresy and schism because of
participating In a service with and ad
ministering communion to nonconform
Irrtsv A t'harrh t arret.
Tli question then resolved itself Into
th historic high and low church quar
rel. High churchmen claimed that th
Anglican church la a part of the universal
or Oatholio church and aa such has noth
ing to do with the Protestant church,
strictly speaking. They further held that'
Anglican clergymen cannot Join In com
munion with nonconformist clergymen,
who, In th Anglican view, are not or
dained ministers of the universal church
sine th principle- of apostolic succes
sion Is dented by th nonconformists.
Therefore, nonconformist ministers ar
only laymen without rellglou authority,
In th high church view, and association
with them would only stand in the way
of the Anglican Ideal of consolidating th
Fngllnh, the Homan Cathollo and Greek
Catholic churches Into on authoritative
The low churchmen rallied to the sup-
pott of th African bfuhcpa and accused
tho bishop of Zansibar of trying to dls
nipt the church in order to enforc me
dieval view of authority, whlrti bad
nothing to do with Christianity.
Their Aets Jaattriee.
A conference was held In Lambeth
palace laat July, where evidence waa
taken and submitted to the archbishop
of Canterbury. In his finding, now made
public, the primate aays there la no ob
jection to Bishop Peel of Mombasa and
ISiahop Willie of I'ganda, attending a
Joint Proteatant missionary meeting. H
doclarea that although no sanction would
be given to the acceptance of communion
by members of th Church of England
at the hands of an unepiacopally or
dained minister, the Anglican blshopa at
Klkuyu gav communion to devout Chris
tiana under Unusual flu umstancea. Th
primate finds their a.t Justified, pro-
tiling It Is not regarded a setting a
Speaking ot the Klkuyu controversy aet
tlement, tho Dully News aaya editorlally
"lt I a decisive rtufet for the lllshop
of Zansibar and mark an Important ad
vance In the attitude of the church."
Correspondence of th Associated Preia)
BERLIN, May It To provide employ
ment for Germans poastaatug a know!
edge of French and Kngliwh who fled to
Germany at th outbreak of th war the
minister of education haa empowered the
authorities of higher schools and rolU-gte
to employ them aa Instructors of Ian
guase without many 'of the usual for-
Educated women similarly In ueed o
-i v, , - vr, w- y i
ii . i hit r-tiht i i HMTri in 1 1 t ii ii f frh ii i "- ii riniin fa .J A. I
EET The picture shows the parade passing the reviewing
New York last week.
rwrojoy wnr w oav.
Ad Jed to
Vernon Collection
eral Washington, and were used at
Mount Vernon on th Blare; a ring and
a brooch, owned by Martha Washington
and given to Nellie Custls; a can, which
belonged to .doner! Washington; three
fruit knives; , a , patchwork needle Case
and a pair of bracelets, which belonged
to Martha Washington; a beaded bag,
given by Martha. Washington to Nelll
Custls; a crib, given by Martha Wash
ington to Nellie Custls when her first
child waa born; a grocery Mil. dated
17C3, completely written by General
Washington and receipted by V. C.
Crawford, January -7, IKS, and other
paper connected with Washington.
employment can be taken Into th middle
and lower classes of boys' schools, and
may receive permission to teach privately
without th usual credentials. Men will
te required only to furnish evidence of
suitable character, not of teaching ability.
In Increasing number men ar taking
th praxes of regular teacher called to
th front aa part of th "landaturm,
Th new rules apply until th end of th
England to Control
, Coal Export trade
(Correspondence of the Associated Press.)
LONDON, May 18. Th government la
about to eatabllsh an Important war com
mute to control the coal export trad of
England. Th chairman, It Is announced,
wlU be a member of Parliament, Russell
Res. All ship Vailing from British porta,
exoept liner a will hav to obtain lloenae
specifying th quantity of coal they may
The question before th committee Is
not on of preventing supplies reaching
Germany . and It allies. It la rather a
matter of conserving sufficient coal for
British uses, as th output has been de
creased 40,000,000 tons a year by th en
listment of 160,000 miners, and th de
mands of th admiralty ar twelve time
aa heavy aa In paac time.
C w Hisu
WEST POINT. May, C. (Special.) Th
marriage of Leo Coop and Mis Anna
Iteeaon. was solomlnsod at 81 Mary's
church on Wednesday,' Rev. rather Pelts,
pastor, performing th cermony. Th at
tendant were John Re eon and Miss
Mary Buerman. Th groom la a farmer
of Bnyder and Ui brkle th daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Georg Reason of this
place. They will mak their home on a
A marriage license was Issued to Al
bert Parker and Mrs. Frieda Porata of
M a agpol d-Towner .
ORBELrTY. Neb.. May 21 (Special.)
Earl H. Mangold, assistant cashier of th
Farmer and Merchanta bank at Oratna,
and Mlas Grace, M. Townor, daughter ot
County Treasurer W. I. Towner, wer
married her this morning. They left on
a trip to Chicago and will beat horn In
Oretna June L
FREMONT, Neb., May &.- Special )
Hot-man E. eebck and Mis Josl
Hrdllcka, both ot Snyder, were married
at Snyder. They will mak their horn
at Snyder, when Mr. 8bck 1 engaged
In bualneu.
YORK Neb.. May 22.- Special. r-On
Tuesday afternoon Charir Hansen and
Winona Pittman wer united In mar
riage. County Judge Hopkina officiated.
' raaaaeatsaat at
SCOTTA. Neb., May 21. Special Tele
gram.) Stxyoung pvopl graduated from
th Scotia High school Friday evening.
Th opera house was decorated with th
class colors, whit and gold. Th mem
bers of th class of 191 ar: Mlsse
Charlotte Ktoetzel, Mary Lackey, Edna
Sautter, and Elva Rux. and Linn Kreb
and Edward Vinecor.
Boy Urtwiei It Lorn p.
SCOTIA. Nb.. May J3. (BpecUl Tele
gram. )Guy, th T-y ear-old aon of John
Shadle, was drowned in th Loup river
this afternoon at this ptao. Th body
was recovered. 1
Heist' Area WJt.
Heinle Wagner" arm la much weaker
than It waa two year ago. It was a
Ikjwetful arm when It was being used at
Pltefter at vealt.
.George Btallinga. attributes th Indif
ferent showing of th Giants to faulty
pitching alone.
Join th T. M. C. A- on th special
aurnmer membership plan. Theft us
It. S6.M.
Jndge Wde Refuse to Order Prop
erty of City Railway Com
pany Appraised.
(From a Ktaff Correspondent.)
DE8 MOINES, la.. May 22. (Special
Telegram.) Judge Wade, In federal court,
today closed another chapter In the long
litigation between tha city of Ies Molnea
and th De Moines . Water company,
when ha denied the city's application for
a hearing to fix. th valuation of Im
provement and extension made ainco
th former appraisement ot the property
under a condemnation Jury. Th court
said It was no certainty at this tiro that
th city will ever take over the property
and to settle the value of Improvement
at th time, would be of no ayall.
Th granting of th application would
In no manner expedite th settlement of
tbe controversy.
The valuation . wu fixed a few year
ago, but th company failed to sell tha
bonds to pay for th same and, the people
hav refused to vote th bond neces
sary. , '
A. F. Collins, a resident of Dalian
county, today filed a suit In th federal
...inat tnkn W McDonnell and
Jacob Conrad, bankers and merchant
of Jefferson county. Nebraska, asking
that notes to the defendants amounting
to S31.0A be declared void.
Collin declares that the defendant
got him Into a land deal Involving mor
than 10,000 acres ot Nebraska land known
a the "Carter ranch." V
President Kork Kealgna.
FULLERTON. Neb May J2.-Speclal.)
At a recent meeting of th board of di
rector of the Farmer ttate bank. Us
president, Theodore C. Koch, tendered hi
resignation because of Illness. Mr. Koch
has been Interested In the banking busi
ness in Fullerton for more than twenty,
five years, and president of the Farmer
Stat bank since Its organization. , J.
Dudley Barnes ha been appointed tem
porarily as president.
News Note f Geneva..
GENEVA, Neb.. May 22. (Special)
The Junior class play, '"The . Bos'on's
Bride," a musical play, was given In the
high school audltorlunt last night.
The usual annual banquet given th
seniors by the Junior class will b In
Independent Order of Odd Fellows hall.
Tuesday evening. May ft. ,
For Misses and Women
They've come in almost every day lately, and make a
gay array of the smartest models we have ever seen
Other prices where satisfaction is guaranteed are $9.75 and $12.00
Now Kimonos and Boudoir Robos
ln fancy crepes, made on Empire lines,
with accordion pleated skirts; trimmed
with organdie collar and cuffs, from
S1.25 to $3.50
Derast&tion tnd Deitniction ia Ap
parent Through the Whole of
Eastern Prnitia.
(Correapondence of the Associated Press.)
LTCK. East Prussia,' May 2. The de
vastation and destruction visited upon all
eastern East Prussia cannot ' be more
strikingly ' appreciated , than by a trip
from thta'llttl town to CraJevo, a few
miles acroes the border.
The trip supplies a remarkable series
of contrasts that are fundamental and
rfar-reaching. Black Is no more tike white
than thla part of Germany Is Ilk far
western lUiaela - from th standpoint of
population, customs, and the general ap
pearance of the country. '
From Lyck to th border every bouse,
without 'exception, It Is said, ha been
rifVd And partly or entirely torn down.
The broad, well paved road la practically
lined with the 'remnants of substantial
buildings, that In some cases, particu
larly Irt the border town of Prosiken, wer
onoe attractive. .
Along th road, aa along virtually every
road 'of Ita kind In Germany, are shade
tree except Where they have been out
down to allow of artillery fire."' They are
so universal' that one gets used to-them
quite , unconsciously, and Immediately
feels th lack when they disappear.'
. Th peasants, largely of the Polish
type, appear to be r self -respecting and
pleasant. They greet th casual passerby
miK-h aa th farmer In America says
"How do you do?" to a stranger along
the ; road, ' but with the same ting of
equality In th greeting.
Mow' a Desert Waste.
Th one pleasant and prosperous coun
tryside from Lyck to th 'border has been
turned Into a desert . waste. In village
after village there stand - only th firm,
substantial chimney that even fire will
not level to th ground. . Almost without
exception th remnant' of th houses are
of brick.;
Then on come to th line, and almost
In the time. It takea to close one's eyes
and open them again, th aoenoa changes
so materially that on might be a hun
dred mile away.' . ., .
First of all th devastation baa ceased.
Not a house haa been leveled and not a
building 'damaged. But In their very
character the bouses proclaim th mArked
contrast. The brick has given . way to
thatched huts, low,' "one-story affairs, that
fairly reek with filth and grime-
In th doorway stood, as an Associa
ted Press correspondent made the trip
recently, smirking, groveling peasants,
who bowed almost to the ground again
and again, as long aa the automobile waa
In alglit. They showed the same servility
to the military everywhere In command
of the situation, and were quite oblivious
of the scornful reception of their abject
As quickly as the character ef the
house had changed, so had the tree
vanished, and for thousands of yards
stretched ' a bare, black road, oozy and
treacherous, over whlah th automobile
made their way with difficulty. '
Model ot Beaaty.
Lyck, Maggrabova, and other little
towns on the German aide of th border,
but near the Russian line, had left much
to be desired In the way of cleanliness
and general attractiveness, but, a com-
W to Orajevo. when It finally was
reached; they wer models of beauty and
sanitation. ' ; " '
Th nearest approach to similarity was
th Inevitable market square, almost a
big' In size as all the rest of th town
together. 'But In place of the familiar
brick buildings, often of handsome con
struction, there lined the market nothing
mors pretentious than dirty hovels.
Th desparatenea with which th Rus
sians had corn batted the Germans' for
every foot of the territory . waa . plainly
evident In rows upon rows of trenches,
always when possible, built on the top of
rising ground, covered .over with ever
green or other branches and made with
cunningly constructed ' loophole. Rarely
one saw a trench facing the other way
one that th Germans had had time to
build hastily in the night For the most
part th ad vane had been possible only
by storming each separata height and by.
driving the Russians out of their strong
holds. -
Proaapt Aettoa will Stop Yonr Co ah
Dr. King' New v Discovery will stop
your cough. The first dos helps. Good
for children. All druggist. 60c. Adver
tisement. ' : i I
In Linen and Voile, sumo vfith. net yokes; others
plain, but set off vnth dainty collars and cuffs; 'shir
red satin girdles are a pleasing feature.
A full assortment of Tmeville linens in wide even
stripes with accordion pleated skirts. This is just
the -dress for the Lake or Clubhouse.
Pongee linens, hand embroidered, made very ef
fective with pique collar and vewtee.
, Plain tailored white linens, cut upon most ap
proved lines for this kind of dress, the only embel
lishment being a plain kid and patent leather belt.
1516-18-20 FARNAM STREET.
Demonstrations in Neutral Holland
by All Classes of People
Who Work;
(Correspondence of th Associated Press.)
THE HAGUE, Netherlands, May
Popular dissatisfaction with the heavy
burden the war has Imposed on neutral
Holland Is growing steadily, and finding
almost daly expression, especially among
tbe workers. Recently several meetings
ot worklnfrmen and women, as well a ttio .
unemployed, have been held In leading
Dutch Industrial center to protest against
the high cost of living Induced by the
war. ' ' -
In The Hague a meeting- was held In
the Concordia." a hall largely devoted
to scientific and labor gathering. The
halt was crowded. No police were pres
ent, though there were a larw umhf
within eaV call In the gtreet utsld.
The meeting was -preceded by a parado
of the unemployed through the quietest'
and most select residential quarter ot
Th Hague, singing "The International"
and distributing handbills calling upon
all Hollanders to stand with th dman
trators in their fight against hungr In:
Holland. ' A lanre crowd gathered before
the "Jty tiall, but were dispersed ty.tne,
Aattatlo Asralnst War.
The meeting was held under th. au
spices of a committee ot agitation against
tha war. consisting of representative of
The Hague Trade Council, and. allied
bodies, the Social De-mocratlo party, the
ftar Garment Workers' union. The
Hague Branch of th National Municipal
Workers. The Hague .Branch of th In
dustrial Worker of th World and tlw
General Trade Union Council. L d
Vlser. a young labor . leader, arralgneil
the present administration of Th Nether
lands In a speech In "which Minister of
Finance Theub came In for attack. The
mlnUter pledge .made at the outbreak:
ot the war that "There Shalt be no hunger
In Holland',' was recalled In connection
with the rise of from 30 per cent to 40
nee cent and even mor In the prlc or
the bare necessities of life within the last
eight months.
Th meeting criticised the work or urn
national relief committee as . being dl-
rected to aid tlie large employer of labor
In Th Netherlands to avoid Increasing
the wages of their employe. The. de
monstration alleged that whll taxes ana
the cost of living mounted constantly,
wages remained stationary, and the re
lief committee was urged to stave off
the logical cconomlp, crisis that ordinarily
would result. from, such a conciuon. py
succoring those families placed by It In
Imminent want The workers further
declared that they had already more
than paid their share of U(e cost of the
mobilization of th Dutch troops. In th
Increased prices they had been forced to
pay for foodstuffs; and they protested
vigorously against any general tax to
cover . military " expenditure. They
claimed that the large property owners
and employers of labQr In Holland who,
th'ey said, hare been growing" rich -flut of
fh war, should' be forced to pny th full
eort of mobilisation through ft. special
tax on incomes fcbov a ertJn'flgu3re,
and upon capital. ' -" ' ' '
.:. .'.. ' ."""" ' . ' -- :
(CrresiKndno.of the Associated rAef).
"THE HAG15H, Notrta-nd' .May,, OS.t;-.
The scrubwoman, the carpet Jbeater, tlie
house eleanee and th chimney sweeper
have been U) almost complete occupation j
of the cltle and village -and farm of
Holland th last month. " Probably no
where else In- tte world 1 'ich energy
expended In cleaning as In Holland In
the opening days of spring. . Even tM
brick-paved street are In many district
scrubbed tn preparation for th coming
summer and Its flock of foreign visitor,
for It Is a. maxim with- the Dutch that'
the stranger must be allowed to e Hol
land only at It best. .
Th outer 'walls of th houses In the
villages are thoroughly washed down ftnd
a fresh coat of whitewash 1 then laid
on, which glints In the bright sunshine.
Before this general cleaning take place;
th ehlmney sweeper ha don hi work.,
but h 1 not permitted to take ftway the.
soot, the Dutch housewtf U too thrifty,
for that. 8h claim it ft her own In
order to us It fertiliser for th soil
of th garden, now beginning to look,
like a glorious colored plotur with its
hyacinths, narcissus and tulip bursting
into bloom. ' -
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