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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 15, 1915)
e Omaha Daily
PAGES ONE TO TEN.
VOL. XLJV XO. 284.
OMAIIA, SATURDAY MORNING,. MAY 15, 1915 TWENTY IMO K8.
Oa Train aad at
aTotel Xswe (itili, So,
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
THINKS 0. S. WILL !
STOP WITH WORDS
Newspaper of Fatherland Sayi War
Unpopular in United States
Because it Destroys
THINKS HATRED WILL SUBSIDE
Certain Wave of Anti-German Feel
ing Will Ebb After it Has
Mounted Still Higher.
IS "PRODUCT OF AGITATION"
NEVT YORK, May 14. Without
an American on board the White Star
liner Cymric called today for Liver
pool trader the British flag. It had
aboard S65 persons. Including the
AMSTERDAM. Holland. May 14.
(Via London.) The Cologne
Volke Zeltung, commenting upon ex
pressions of American opinion con
cerning the sinking of the Lusltania,
"Americana are very prone to criti
cise without any expectation that
such fighting troth words will make
any great Impression upon those
whom they denounce.
Vu Not Popnlar.
"They feel relfeved when they
nave given frank expression of their
Irritation. In America, however, war
la most unpopular, because It de
stroys business. V
"There la no need therefore to Appre
hend that America will join the war
against Us, but it roar be taken for
granted that the wave of antV-Oermaa
hatred will continue to mount still
Mgher. We deplore, but we cannot pre
vent It Antt-Gerroan feeling la a pro
duct of agitation. It slowly mounted
mji will also slowly subside.
Derabers; Silent, t .
NEW YORK, May 14. Replying to a
written question asking for his views
on the American note to Germany, Ir.
Bernbard Dernberg, former colonial eee.
rotary of the German empire, sent back
to interviewers a paper on which was
written . above his signature:
"Ever since my - arrival -.herel have
made It a point not to ml with any met.
ter under official dUouaslon between the
United States and .Jftrjcany... 1 think
it wise not to deviate from the policy
and I have no statement to make.'
WABH1NOTON, . May . 14. Secretary
Bryan made the following statement this
"The Oertnen embassador had brought
to our attention the f act that statements
have been made la newspaper) purport
ing to be made by members .of. the em
bassy staff, statement which wen pore
inventions. . He asked us to warn the
press against false statements about the'
embassy.", . . j " . ) f
"I have not received eny Instruction.
I have ' not received anything-. I hsve
not heaid anything. J don't know any
thing." said Count Bernstorff after a
conference with Counsellor Lansing at
the State department.
Although Ambassador Gerard had been
. directed to notify the State depratment
of his receipts of the American note, no
tword came today from him. Officials
were sure, however, that the communica
tion had reached Berlin and undoubtedly
had been presented to the German for
eign office. - The absence of any message
from Mr. Gerard they attribute to the
congestion to teegraph wire tat Italy.
by Sheep Herder
ABERDEEN. S. D.. May 14. (Special
Telegram.) In a quarrel - over, a stock
range, a sheep herder named Bell shot
Claude Hurron. a cattleman, through the
heart on the range in Perkins county,
twelve miles north of Faith. Bell Is un
der arrest.. Hurron waa a prominent
ranchman of that region, having been on
the range for fifteen years.
Forecast till 7 p. m Saturday:
" For Oniaha. Council Bluffs and Vicinity
Tesaperater at Oasaha
a. m 1
10 a. m. ...... 3
.11 a. m. .,., S5
12 m X
1 p. m 1
3 p. m ... S4
1 p. rn..., rt,
4 p. m ha
5 p. m Si
p. m : 91
8 P- ra ti
XB15. ywt. iw. n.t.
w a 77 n
Highest yesetrday .
lowest yesterday .
Mean temperature .
.4t : t
turea from the normal:
Normal temperature .......... S3
Exceea for the day 'A
Totiu excess since March 1 U2
Normal precipitation .14 Inch -
reficienoy for the day ,non
Total rainfall since March 1 ir lm-hes
pelcienty since March 1 4.4J Inches
peflcienry for cor. period 1914.. L61 Inches
IQxcees for cor. period, 113 la inches
Stattuue at T I. M.
Station snd State
Temp. High- Rain
7 p. m.
Cheyenne, cloudy ..
I"es Moines, cloudy
75 T I
Podire City. j.t- cli.udy....
lAfi.ler. cu ar ..
North Flstte. clear ...
Omaha, clear ..."
Fe!id City, cloudy ....
Pvalt Lake City, clear
Panta Ke. clear
Pherldan. pt. cloudy ..
-ioux City, pt cloudy
Valentine, cloud v -a...
X Indicate trace of precipitation.
L. A. WKL6H. Local Forecaster.
WITH GREAT BRITAIN'S AIR FIGHTERS Winston Churchill, first lord of the Ad
miralty, visiting: aviation headquarters at Hendon; Claude Graham-White, flight com
mander of the British navy, at his right, and Flight Commander SitwelL at his left.
x w 1 r
vm si;A :toKa,7j V"iJ 'H A.'ui
Large Increase Reported in the
Number of Persons Compelled
.to Seek Public Relief.
PRIVATE CHARITIES EXHAUSTED
(Correspondence of The Associated Press.)
LONDON, '.May 10. A striking ploture
of the condition of affaire In Belgium Is
given by an article in the Berlin Vor
waerts, protesting .against too optlmlatio
views in ths German press of the Belgian
political, and economic situation. The
estraots' of the article as published in
"'The' attempt to "gpply ths slogan
'Business as esual' to the present state
of things iu Belgium 1 due in part te the
Inability of the rsreaera jtn mske the
necessary Investigations .there, i We ere
told that the boulevards of Brussels are
crowded and that great numbers of peo
ple occupy the chairs in front of tr i
cafes: therefore we deduce that eooial
life is going on as usual throughout the
country. . , ; , '. )
"But we can correct such a Judgment
promptly from the figures of the public
relief institution. For sn appreciation
of the real economic situation In Brus
sels and of ' the ' psychological situation
of the; people therera; knowledge of pub
lic relief Is more Important than the ap
pearance of .the boulevarda -
More Demand for .Relief.
- "It . is undeniable that in Bruseels the
number of burghers forced to fetch their
food from onn of the relief centers Is
growing. In September the figures were
lfl.1 per cent: April 1 they were 28 per
cent of the population.
"Another point of Importance is the
Increasing doarnesa of things. It is an
exaggerated view to take that normal
conditions are returning to a city where
210,000 people are fed daily by charity.
For this purpose orer $12 000 a day is re
quired, and this does not provide for
the distribution of clothing, relief of
unemployed 'and care of children. Pri
vate charity Is almost exhausted and
voluntary collections produce less and
"In the Belgian provinces the situation
Is about the same. The German authori
ties are willing to improve these condi
tions, but there are many difficulties.
Railway , tariffs are constantly altering,
so that business people are unabls to
regulate their traffic in the light of
knowledge of the coat of transportation.
Public telephone communication la not
allowed. Business letters are subject to
dolay and rigid censorship. Telegrams
frequently take three das for delivery.
. No Baniaeaa' Improvement.
'Another dtfficuHy -Is the uncertainty
into which Industry is thrown by the
constant requisition of machinery. The
possibility of such requisitioning by the
military authorities dos not encourage
the setting up of new machines or the
maintenance . of ; old ones. The revival
of Belgian industry of which many of
our newspapers speak amounts to t&ls:
A number of businesses sre working two
or three day a' week. .
"These facts' should' be a warning
against exaggerated optimism ..as to
amelioration of affairs In Belgium. In
j neutral countries such talk can only
I have an unfortunate .effect.. . '
"The ifreatest organising genius weuld
!not be able to restore the crushed in
idUHtrtes of . this mpt ' troubled of all
countries by a wave of the hand, or
I raise again the courage of a people who
areas deeply attached as Germans them
seWea tp their political independence."
Sunk in North Sea
BLYTHE. Kngland. May H.-OI M p.
nu A Oerman submarine Is reported to
have been sunk in the North Sea. The
captain of the steamer Cl)airnle, on
rtactilng port today stated that his ves
sel apparently had destroyed the sub
marine by ramming It off ths North
No submarine was seen, but the cap
tain said his ship struck a submerged
obstacle. A large quantity of oil subse
quently appeared on the surface and the
conclusion waa drawn that a submarine
had been run down.
Peace Advocates Say
Will Support Wilson
CLEVKLAND, May 14. Prominent dele
gates to the world court congress read
President Wilson's note to Germany to
day and ail agreed that whatever con
tingency arose the government would
receive the firm support of the. nation.
"The American puolla will stand back
to tho government in any exigency whicjh
arises, paid John Hays Hammoqd, chair
man of congrera. ' '
"In the present situation the solid sup
port of America, is at the command of
President Wilson and leaders In social
and ecoftomto lite undoubtedly will be
glad to, lend, h'm - the support of ' their
patriotic and helpful counsel.,
i "I . have .no doubt . in . the . abseuce of
ooagrese. the president Is 'enlisting' the
counsel of men experienced in interna
tional affairs, ajid. representing gtl parties
and all sentiments."
, Henry "Lane- Wilson,, former ambas
sador' to Mexico said: ' ""
The note to Germany is an exeel-
! lently worded State document .Americans
generally deal: peace, but not at a
sacrifice Of -honor and dignity and the
note seems to express this attitude.
"If the situation develops to that point
where It is Impossible o avoid conflict
the American people will stand solidly be
hind' the government. In such an event
ancestry, religion and politics will have
In my opinion, ' absolutely jno.', influence
on the attitude of eur dtlsenry, Tiypen
ated' or otnerwlse." , .. ..
It is to he bopeaV that1 this crisis . Will
he passed without a serious break in the
tong standing friendship existing be
tween Germany and the United (Kates.
Self-resiect and national honor, however.
! arise above all other considerations, and
as President Wilson asserts and defends
them he Is assured of the sympathy and
support of the' American people.'
The world court congress today entered
on the third and last day of Its session.
Dr. Albert BhawDr. Harry A. Garfield,
Prof. Jeremiah W. Jenka and Prof. Samuel
T. Dutton were speaker! at the day ses
sions. , ' '
Tonight John Mitchell, Dr. John Wesley
Hill, general Wellington Booth and Dr.
Charles F. Tbwlng will be the speakers.
King George Drops
Kaiser and Ally as :
. Knights of Garter
LONDON, May 11 The king, aa sover
eign of the Order of the Qarter, says
an official announcement issued tonight,
has given directions that tne following
I names forthwith be struck off ths roll
of the knights of the order:
I "The emperor of Austria, the German
emperor, the king of Wurttemherg, the
grand duke of Hesse, Prince Henry of
Prussia, the duke of Haxe-Coburg- and
' I Inlho mrA th rink rt finvitiirljtn(1 "
The Order of the GaAer was constitu
ted by King Edward II In August. 134S.
Since 1831 it has been constituted of the
British sovereign and twenty-five knight
companions, who were lineal descend
ants' of King George I. and of sovereign
and extra knights, who have been sd
mitted by special- statutes. '
Six Firemen Are
' Crushed Under Wall
NEWARK. N . J . May 14. Six fire
men ' were crushed under s falling
I brick wall early today while fighting a
ITO.OOO fire, which burned three four
story buildings of the leather manufac
turing plant- of ' George Stengel, Inc.,
here. Some of the firemen were aoverely
injur4. They cannot recover
War Pictures 1
From the Front
Full Page in
Sunday Bee ,
HINTS ENGLAND TO
Lord High Chancellor Haldane Inti
mates Conscription Necessary
to Fill Armies.
RUSS RETREAT IN 6 ALICIA
LONDON, May 14. Vlaoount Hal
dano, lord high chancellor, In the
house of lords today Intimated that
the government wag considering the
necessity o( departing from the
voluntary system of military enllat
rnent and resorting to universal serv
ice throughout the Kingdom.
For the present, ha said, the heads
of the war office was full wlta the
men thet 'possessed, but It might ha
necessary to reconsider tho altuatlpn
In the light of the tremendous neces
sities wita which the nation was con
fronted.' . .: .4 i :
.More. Men BfMeV
This appears to confirm the Idea
prevalent" here that irfclla recruiting
baa been,satlsfctorx the vary heavy
fighting which has been taking place
In Flanders,' where the Germans have
fof, almost, a. week, been' attacking
with the greatest violence the British
line, 'shows that many mora men will
be required If victory Is to be at
Thus far ths British troops, according
to Field Marshal Blr John French, have
withstood all the German onslaughts,
and while at time they have been com
pelled to give some ground their counter
attacks brought them back to the posi
tion from-which-they 'started. However,
tills has been costly business, for .the
German artillery bombardment has been
very severe and counter attacks t are
always followed by heavy casualties.
Allies Stronger Now.
In their attempt of October and Novem
ber Isst to rocch Calais, the Germans
continued their attacks for sis . weeks.
' but the allied force was much weaker
then and the Germans were not la the
position of having to meet counter of
fensive as they have now to the north of
Arras, in the Woevre and at other points
along the western front.
Of theaa the moat Important Is that In
which the French are carrying out from
Arras to the point where their line joins
the British snd in which they continue
to meet with unvarying success. They
report again today the capture which
the Germans admit of very strongly
fortified position end one road St least
1 which the Germans have been using to
! bring up reinforcements to their positions
' near Ia Basse. Therefore It Is believed
here that ' the French successes will
lighten the pressure which the Germans
are bringing to besr on the British
Omaha is the recognized
convention city for this sec
tion of the middle west. The
municipality is about to
take over and run aa a public
institution, the beautiful
and' cjpacious auditorium,
erected to accommodate bit
meetings and popular enter
tainments. A-NO. 1 aalearnan, familiar with
hardware trade In Nebraska to
handle high claaa tnitln, salary to
suit man. Only high srada man con
sidered Give ace. experience, sal
ary, references, etc.
Tor farther information abont
thia opportunity, aae lbs Want
. Ad beotloa ref The Bee today.
RIOTS IN HOME
REACH A STAGE
Entire City Occupied by Military
and Maddened Crowds Cry
Out for Nation to Ruth
PARLIAMENT WINDOWS BROKEN
Disturbances Are Also Reported
from Milan, Where Fire
arms Are Used.
NEW MINISTRY IS PRORABLE
ROME. Msy 14. (Via Paris.)-
Premier Salandra has convoked a
council of ministers who sre now
meeting to make adecislon relative
to the present crisis.
ROME, May 14 (Via Paris.)
The agttatlen In Rome hss assumed
almost ' a revolutionary character.
Tho entire city has been occupied
by the military.
Dispatches from Milan say serious
rioting has broken out In that city
over the present political situation.
The adherents of the opposing polit
ical factions hsv resorted to the use
of firearms and the situation Is mout
A Boman mob msde Its way this
morning to the Passs Montecltorle,
where la located the Chamber, of Depu
ties, and forced entrance nto the build
ing by smashing windows.
The belief is growing rapidly that there
Inevitably will be formed another Salan
dra cabinet, or at least a cabinet which
will follow ths same foreign policy ' as
the Salandra ministry.
The cabinet met today and Immediately
thereafter Premier Baland'-a visited the
king. No Information waa given out con
cerning the meeting of the cabinet, ses
sions of which are now being held dally.
The Tribune, which la regarded as ths
organ of former Premier Glollttl. says
undoubtedly the cabinet did not take Into
consideration that It-was able to command
a majority In Parliament only on account
of the support given by Signer Glollttl.
Owing to this fact the Tribune asserts,
flignor Ooltttl Is entitled to be Informed
of the progress ef negotiations with the
This paper expresses the hope that same
agreement will be reached before the re
opening of Parliament, so that the mem
ber ef that body may he able to. give
united support la the aoVsmment " '
Dispatches from all parts ef Italy set
forth that ihe receipt ef the news of the
resignation ef the cabinet produced aa
extraordinary sensation. Partisans In
Rome deduce that a large majority of
the peeple ere In favor ef a policy of hos
tility against Austria. .
Cabtaet's Dlfricalty. .
- Ths members of the cabinet found It
impossible to bridge the differences aep,
era ting them from ths followers ef Slgnor
Glollttl. They handed tn their resigna
tions for the reason ' that they prefer r
to follow this eourse rather than appear
before Parliament when It meets May 30
and tve to the world aa exhibition, of in
ternal division tn Italy,., which probably
well he accompanied by recriminations
and aoousatlona To do so would be moat
undignified for Italy.
The action of the cabinet leaves - King
Victor Emmanuel free to. choose the men
he considers best adapted to guide Italy
In the present grave situation. .
Both Signers Maroora' and Manfred!
have been mentioned aa possible premiers
Klna'a Right. " "
. According to parliamentery custom the
king has the rlrht to accept or reject' the
realgrattnns of ths cabinet and. this
morning Rome Is fulled with the wildest
conjecture as to what his majasty will da
Boms believe he will summon the cabinet
before the Chamber of Deputies for dis
cussion of Its course, being guided him-
' self . by what these 'discussions reveal,
while others argue that Premier Salandra
I resigned because of the attitude of Slgnor
Glolottl and that Oiolottl must of neces
sity take the place of Sxlandra.
More dtspssslonate observers are of the
opinion that the king probably will choose
a new cabinet composed of man who have
not taken part In the heated exchanges Jt
the last week.
Another suggestion advanced Is that
the day has arrived for the formation of
a great national cabinet similar to that
of France, a ministry to Include the lead
ing figures of all parties to which there
shall be entrusted the momentous deel
slon now before the country.
ATTEMPT MADE TO ROB
AMERICAN WOMAN IN PARIS
PARIS. May U-A high school student
whose nams Is withheld by ths police be
cause of his fsmlly connections, was ar
rested last night on a charge of attempt
ing to strangle Mine. Brandt, reputed to
be a wealthy American, when she re
sisted his attempt to rob her apartments
In the Rue de la Pompe. The youth was
frightened by Mme. Brandt's screams snd
fled, running Into the arms of a pollca-
man lust outslds ths door. Ths police pro
fess to believe he waa ths dupe of older
associates, who planned the robbery and
other arrests are expected.
Tomorrow the Best
WEDGE IN GERMAN
LINE NEAR ARRAS
For First Time in Six Months Offi
cial Announcements Agree on
Result of Fig-hting; in West
FRENCH MOVE IS IMPORTANT
Slight Further Advance Will Open a
Wide Oap Which Will Necessi
TEUTONS MARCH ON PRZEMTSL
The Day 's War News
THE riRlOia ATTACK of thw
lrsch aleaa; be eectlea f the
frent last eoath ef the Belalaa
border Is aald te Stave resalted la
a farther ataveaee. The official
statesaeat fswsa Perls aaawaaeee
the eaptavw f several 6rss
t rear bee a ear Issekts,
FF.TItoailAD SAYS the 6rsiss
movement In Oallela baa been
checked permanently. The Ham
eta as have fallea baek oa atroa
positions alone the River San,
which nil threagh central Os
(RK AT DEMONSTRATIONS la favor
' of war are reported la dispatches
from Roma. So far aa la known
Klas; Victor Kaaaaanael kaa not ac
cepted or deellaed to aoeept the
realaaatlon of the cabinet,- tew
ere last night.
ADVICRS rauN the Dardanelles, aa
eoaveyed (ren soareee favorable to
the allies, say the Freaeh aai Brit
ish forces are eontlnol to grata
la the land flghtlngr, althoeujm It to
eoaeeded the daelslvw phaae fcae
aot beea reached.
GREAT BATTI.H aow la proerrewa la
northern Franne la chtaraeterlaeel
la a London dispatch aa oae of n
bellevable fary. It Is said both
sides bare been exhausted by the
straggle, bar that the allies are
holding firmly to the posltlona la
which they are now established.
Rl'SSIAN WAR OFFICIO aanoancee
that tho battle la westera Oallela
Is beeomlac less lateaae, bat offi
cial reports from Berlla aad !
enaa eoatlaae to claim that the
Aaatro-Oersaan foreee are swap
lap; eastward, pattlagr the Rasslaaa
to roat aa raptarlagr vast aai
hers ef prisoners. .
LONDON, May 14 For the first
tma.Jn.,Abe last six months the au
thors of the German, and French otft
olat aanouaicemenu oa the progress
of hostilities nad themselves la
agreement. The Oermaa communi
cation admits tha truth of tho more
important claims made br General
Joffre, the Fre&R) eommaader-ln-
chlef, as to tha freat successes won
by ther French between La Basses
If this attack can ba pushed home.
the. consequences will bo still mora
marked In the opinion of British mil
itary commentators, who are claim
ing today that a little further ad
vance by tha French will open a con
spicuous gap In tha Oerman line, a
development which wUV- necessitate
the falling back of tha Germans on
a wide front
To the north of La Bassee the British
are doing little more than holding their
own, but at the same time they are
keeping great masses of Germans en
gaged, troops which otherwise would be
available against the French offensive.
Cieraaaas Adranee ea Praaaaysl.
In ths esstern field the Germanlo
forces In Galtcla which are said to num
ber 1.600,0 men, sre reported to be within
twenty miles of Prsemysl. The Russians
would appear to be developing counter
strokes both on ths West Gall clan front
and in Bukowina and they claim Initial
successes, but military men here are care
ful of committing themselves on the out
come of these activities pending further
The hint made by Lord Haldane ef the
possibility of conscription has been In
terpreted in some Quarters aa meaning
there la now less confidence that the war
will bs over by fall.
The resignation of the Italian aablnet
hss nonplussed the general public, but
well Informed political observers think
this Is only a move In the game and
that the final development will be the
advent of Italy on the side of the-allies.
French Official Hepsrl.
PARIS. March si. The French war
office this afternoon Issued the following
statement en the progress of hostilities:
"It baa been raining without stop since
yesterday morning. Last night in spits
of the handicap of a difficult and slip
pery terrain we eonupled several German
trenches to the southwest of ouohea
and we have maintained oa the rest of
the front from Loos te Arras all the
gains recently made by us.
"la ths valley of the A lane we yester
day destroyed four German blockhouses
and leveled several trenches,"
CONTINUfeS TO INCREASE
WASHINGTON, May U. -Cotton used
during April was 51A.M0 bale, exclusive
of lintels, compared with e9e.64s tn April
last year, the oeaeu bureau announced
today. During the nine monthe ending
April Ju cotton used was 4O012SS bales.
against i,H,tU In the same period the
previous year. .
Cotton on hand April at) In manufactur
ing establishments was 1.SS.03B bales,
I against 1.S72.0&I last year, and In Inde-
pendent wsrehousee 1K0.18S bales against
:l.au. last year.
j F.x ports In April were 671,008 balea
i against KH.TTt last year and for the nine
, montha T.W1.S71 balea, against S 334.SS in
. Isat year's period.
-Imports were M.flS balea. against J2.H7
; last year and for the nine months 9S1.26
tales, against Its.? In last year's -period.
WHITE HOUSE IS
Offioiali S&7 that Any Farther Bis '
cussioa of Situation by Them
Will Be Useless as Well as
ALL EYES TURNED TO BERLIN
Terms of Treaty with Prussia in Di
rect Contradiction of Kaiser's
Present Sea Policy.
INTERNATIONAL LAW IS QUOTED
I WASHINGTON, May 14. Whlt-i '
! .--..j ....
policy of silence so far as tha Amer-,
lean note to Germany la concerned.
They felt that any discussion of tha
situation would be useless and lnop- '
portune Inasmuch as tho question 'a
now before tha Berlin government.-
Ther cabinet met today In a regular
session, but no further action ' was
contemplated pending the receipt of
Germany's reply. The president
took a short automobile ride before
the cabinet meeting and will leave
lata tonight on the Mayflower for -
New Tork to review the Atlantlo
fleet there next week.
During the trip, which will last :
nearly a week, tha president will ba
kept In touch with every develop- '
ment In the situation, but only Im- .
portant matters will be placed before .
him. Ha has declined many Invita
tions to events In New Tork not con
nected with tha review of tha fleet. '
All Byae Tamed Toward Berlin,
The government and people . of the
United States today turned; expectantly
toward Berlin, where Ambassador Gerard -had
- been ' Instructed to ' present te the
German foreign office a note calling the
attention of the Imperial ' government to .
the unlawful and inhuman destruotion
of the Lusltania and other violations ef
American rights on ths high seas.
Germany Is asked In ' the note to dis
avow the acta of Its stihoiarine comman
ders In the torpedoing without warning
of the Lusltania, a British ship, with a .
lose of more than 100 ' Amerlran Uvea,
and tha American steamer, Gtirfllght, "as
a result ef which two or more American
eltlsena met their death.", Reparation, '
"so far as reparation Is possible," is
asked, and tha United States cctn4c
"confidently expects that' the Imperial '
German government will take Immediate
steps to prevent the recurrence et such y
acts and practices.
', No time Is specified for a reply, bet
the eosununlAatioa aays "the government
snd people of the United States look to
the Imperial German governraent tor JfSt. '
prompt and enlightened action In this
vital matter." : ; , . ' ' '
' The course to.be pursued by the Unttsr '
tatae In the event i ef a nonocmpUaac '
with Its request' end' expectations, (s'not '
stated, hut high officials pointed oat that .'
tha conclusion of the note was Intended '
to. Impress upon t Germany that there :
should be ne misapprehension in Berlin '
of fhe firm purpose of the United States .
to safeguard its rights by any means
necessary. This is expressed In the final '
sentence, which says: . .
"The Imperial German government will
not expect the government ef the United
fttatea to emit any - word or 'any act
neceasary to , the ; performance of . its
sacred duty of maintaining the ' right "
ef the United State end Its etttseas and '
ef safeguarding their free exercise and '
enjoyment" . . i . t
a v a wits aae.
It was Just a week ago today that the .
Lusltania eras struck be- a German tor
pedo aad sunk, with the toss of many
neutrals' Uvea besides the scores of
Americans. Tha United States govern. .
ment la the first to act. The other neu
tral nations, most of whom have been '
walUnsr for the policy of the United ,
States to be revealed, are now expeotad
to decide what representations they will
make. As ths note was read today by
diplomatists and officials generally.. on
feature that attracted wide comment was .
the stand taken by the United Ststes
against the use of the submarine as a 1
eommeroe destroyer, the attention of 'the '
uermen government being- called to "ttie
practical impossibility" of employing
i mi oi aesiroy mer-.
ohantmen" without dlsreserd to . hn
(Continued on Psge Two, Column Two.)
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