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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 3, 1915)
THK HrlE: OMAHA, KDNhSDAY, FKllKUAltV a,
Rays of Sun
By GARRETT P. SEKV1S3.
"Can you give mo any Information as
to the distance from the earth that light
and heat cease, and in the absence of an
heat what ia the temperature? D. E. R.,
In the absence ot
all heat the tem
perature' is aero,
not the tero'ot the
what la called "ab
solute aero." In
other worda, where
there Is no heat
there la no temper
zero la supposed to
be about 274 de
gree below the
of the centigrade
scale and about 461
degrees below the thermomctric aero of
the Fahrenheit scale. '
Absolute sero might. Imaginatively, be
defined as molecular death, because a
substance which has lost all temperature
lias necessarily lost all molecular, or In
ternal, energy, and has become entirely
Both light and heat are effects pro
duced by motion of the moleculea and
atoms of which a.11 matter consists. A
molecule la "the smallest quantity of a
compound substance which can exhibit
the properties by which that substance ia
Identified." An atom is one of the con
stituent parts of molecule and may be
defined ss "the smallest quantity of sim
ple matter which can enter Into the com
position of the molecule." Thus a mole
cule of water consists of two atoms ot
hydrogen and one atom of oxygen. We
need not here consider fho recent dis
covery that atoms themselves are divisi
ble Into yet smaller particles.
Except when In a stato of absolute
zero, the molecules ot all substances are
In continual motion among themselves.
We can see neither the molecules nor
their motion, but we can feel the molecu
lar motion, or vibration In the sensation
that we call heat To satisfy yourself
that "heat" Is an internal motion among
the particles, or molecules, of a body,,
take a hammer and pound upon a piece
of Iron. After a time both' the1 hammer
and the Iron will become warm. They
do so because their molecules have been
set Into greater vibration than before.
There are many sources of heat on the
earth, but all of them are inalgntflcant
in comparison with the sun, which sup
plies nearly alt the heat and light that
the 'earth, as a whole, enjoys. This sup-,
ply WTurtilsned'by Vibrations, -originating
in the motions of the atoms and mole
cules composing the sun, and transmitted
through the "ether" across space to the
earth. ; The ether Is a theoretical medium
(of which, we have no knowledge except
by Its effects) that Is believed to extend
through all space, and to pentrat freely
through all forms of matter.
The vibrations that the ether receives
from the sun and passes on -to the earth
'end the other planets are called radiant
energy, and two of ' the. most familiar
forms In which this energy is manifested
, we know as light and heat.
Now, you ask: "At what distance from
the earth do light and heat cease V
Evidently, from what has been said
above, distance from the earth haa noth
ing to do with the cessation or with the
existence of the rays' of energy from tho
sun. They will continue' to pass farther
ad farther away Into space, on all
aides, their intensity within a given area
varying Inversely as the square of the
distance, until they have become so
widely dispersed as to be insensible. If
tbey hit the earth, that is the earth's
good luck. -
Tet these rays are neither light nor
heat, la our sense of those words, as
lonr as they are simply borne- onward
through the ether. It Is only .when .they
strike soms material aubstance, like the
earth, that they give rise to molecular
vibrations producing the sensation of
light In the eye, and of heat in the or
gans of touch or feeling. The form that
this radiations take 1 that of minute
waves in the ether, and there is an im
mense variety in the length and the
rapidity of vibration of these waves.
Those whose length falls between wbout
one 40,000th and one W.OOoth of an inch
produce the sensation of light In the eye.
Those that are shorter or longer than
these produce no effect upon the nerve
of vision, but we are beginning to find
- out that some of them have other effects,
for tho recognition of which we seem to
possess no special senses. Some of these
invisible waves produce heat on striking
the earth, but most of the heat-producing
waves appear to be at the same time
producers of light
The ther Itself Is not rendered lumin
ous, and Is not heated, by the passage
of the sun's rays. Consequently If you
could place yourself out in open space,
beyond our atmosphere, you would find
no diffused light around you. You would
uo luminous rsys. You would see
in sun and the atara. but the former
would appear as a brilliant round riiaLr
set In a perfectly hlack sky. and the
stara would be points of plerolng bright
ness, with no flicker or halo of light
about them. The sub s rays falling upon
your head might produce a sensation of
heat, for it molecules would be set Into
vibration; yet the Intense eold sbout you.
and the absence of any absorbing medium
to retain the heat, mlnht. at the same
time, result In your being frozen solid to
the center with the suddenness of an explosion.
3(jc anderbilt Bof cf
w. ,0" -'- . r. - . vt i
An. Ideal Hotel with an Ideal Situation
WALTON H. MARSHALL) Manager
"Ignorance Is Bliss"
The son of Venus ia fair and Bquare. For wherever he
sets a trap there he' sets danger signals, too. But mofet folks
who. are skating square into a hole in the ice, in good com
pany, are most times so far gone already that though they
have eyes they cannot see! The fair, big sign looms up.
square and white, with the wobbly, tired letters carefully in
scribed, by the chubby hand of the greatest rascal that ia
Do You Know That
In a station on the Pennsylvania rail
way considerable trouble was experienced
from rats till an electric trap In the
form of an electrocuting "chair" was
constructed. The "chair" consists of an
fron plat with a steel spike suspended
above it both the Plata and the spike be
ing connected to two wires of an eleo
trlo circuit The spike Is baited with
a, piece of cheese and the rodents In at
tempting to reach this are promptly
it is unlawful in Turkey to aeize a
man's residence for debt, and sufficient
land to support him 's also exempt from
In normal circumstances Canada pro
duces about 1.600 Jons ot news printing
paper ln a day, of which 400 tons are
used In the Dominion. The balanoe of
1,100 tons is exported.
Stockholm, Chrlstiania, Berlin and Lon
don, in the order named, have the low
est death rates among the European
Montreal haa the largest flour mill in
the British Empire, it turns out 4.000
barrels a day.
Baldness among Indians and negroes (s
A new Invention is designed , for the
control of fog signals by wireless. The
signals, which are placed at various
points in the Firth of Clyde, consists of
fttevenson-Hoynes gas "guns". In which a
charge of acetylene and air is fired at
The steel for pen-nibs s cut into rib
bons as wide as the length of one pen,
and these are fed to machines which
cut out the blanks, then shape them.
split the points snd place the ra
name on the backa.
cast ttfZrk (jkwmu
By' special arrangement for this paper a
photo-drama corresponding to the Install'
mcnts ot "Runaway June" may now be
seen st the leading moving picture the
aters. By arrangement mads with the
Mutual Film corporation it la not only
pr-ssible to read ''Runaway June" each
day. but also afterward to see moving
pictures illustrating our story.
(Copyright. 19U. by Serial Pulblcatlon
June Finds Work.
As June peered out of her dressing al
cove a middle-aged man and woman
paused In a vigorous argument. This
woman wanted money, and the man
would not give It Then June was called
and cam out and paraded slowly down
between the two long rows of chairs.
She had displayed perhaps' half a dosen
gowns when the middle-aged man and
woman obstructed her passageway as she
came out of the alcove. They were still
in an energetic dispute about the money.
A hundred dollars the woman wanted.
and she had to have It! The man finally
left ber. J
A lady from a group where a gray-
mustached man with a pink face and
Jovial eyes was standing came over and
spoke to the woman. The woman lis
tened, her eyes following June' as she
walked In a beautiful black velvet dinner
gown. The woman spoke to a saleslady.
"I want that gown!" she snapped.
"Certainly, madam." said the saleslady.
'Tell her to take l off now," ordered
the cuatomer. "It's a charge account"
Bo June waa unceremoniously rushed
Into her alcove and divested of the black
velvet gown, while the charge account
went up. The gown was taken away. The
woman had a girl carry it to tha credit
department aaid aha had bought the
gown, didn't care for it and wanted the
The manager of the credit department
expostulated with the woman as far as
diplomacy would permit. It was not un
usual to have credit customers bring hack
goods and demand rash, but it was un
usual to heve It done au quickly. How
"Danger!" But a man and a maid with the gold-dust of
dreams filling their eyes, the wine ot elusion clouding their
heads, the fire of the chase after the greatest chimera of all
pulsing in their veins how can they see a signal with a
squat figure crouching behind, a-brlm with intrigue: this and
a sinister blue crack that fans out from the dark thin spot anl
the icy water beneath?
It Here See It at the
ever, she was a good customer and her
bills were always paid.
The woman rejoined ber friend ia front
of June's dressing alcove and triumph
antly displayed the money. The husband
ot the customer came up, furious. He had
been to the credit desk snd discovered the
deception. A little group quickly formed
around the uilddle-aged husband and wife,
it was ai wis moment tnat Dire ap
peared by the side of the gray mustached
man and with him' waa Tommle Thomaal
Wye nodded his bead to Cunningham and
said something to Tommy. Bhe strolled
with quite evident reluctance across the
"Tour turn, dear," said the manageress
to Juno and frowned In the direction of
"I give you everything you wsnt."
charged the man. "No woman In this
town has more. You can go Into any
shop In New York and order wbat you
like and I pay your bills. Yet you graft
"You givo mo everything but money!"
shrilled the women. I beg for every cent
To give on the one hand, and to beg
on the other! It was a striking Illustra
tion of tli principle which had led June
away from Ned. That the woman Is and
must remain as object of charity, de
pendent upon the bounty of tht man
whom she marries! No matter how gen
erous the man might be nor how ne.
nurious, the principle the same.
The gray mustached man called, the
"I would like to see thst little white
dress," be said. Indicating June, who had
on another frock.
"Certainly," replied the manageress.
She hurried over to June and said,
A warm hand caught June's wrist, and
a voice said:
"You're stunning! ' West's the fight
Tommy Thomas it was.
The two girls stood listening.
The grey mustached man rose.
"If this Is the sort of attention I re-i-eive
In this shop I shall give It no more
of patronage," he declared angrily to the
a By Nell Bfinklcy Genius of Penance
!.'-. 4 I, I I SI
W ft !
But you who are one with the man and the maid who
skim straight (into the thing that cynics call a "weak spot" of
the scheme of things will smile, and snick a finger at the
danger sign. For maybe you know that the water is as warm
as Venus' bath when once you're in and even if It isn't, yon
reckon you'll live through the crash!
"What Is the matter?" asked the su
"Matter!" blazed Cunningham. "I've
been asking this saleswoman for half an
hour to let me see that little white
dress," he pointed to June, "and I am
"It's a new model," explained the man
ageress. "I can't get her to pay any
attention to me."
"Then discharge her at once!" ordered
the superintendent snd turned on his
Madam Effing walked straight over
"You are discharged!" she snapped.
"Oh!" June was stunned.
"No excuses, pleaae!" grated the man
ageress, "Madam:" called the vivacious Tommy
Thomas, but madam only glared at her
and atalked away, while June walked
into her dressing alcove to know, with
sympathy for all tho other girls of her
position. Just how It feels to be dis
charged. Meantime Tommy Thomas, the look of
concern fading from her handsome coun
tenance, hurried over and Joined Or in
Cunningham and Gilbert Blye. The three
left the department
When June emerged from her dressing
alcove Madam Effing was there snd
without a word gave her a little yellow
envelope. With this In her hand Juno
walked out Into the street saddened with
the realisation that, after all, the way
to Independence la full of hardships and
that bounty might havi Its advantages.
Gilbert Blye waa waiting for her at
the corner, suave, pleasaj.t, smtlliux. 8 he
had never met a man who shlsed Ills hat
with more courtly grace than he. He
asked If he might walk with her a lit
tle way, and she saw no reasonable ex
cuse tu refuse) him after his considera
tion of the morning. He sympathized
with her, and he extended his walk to
the door of her lodgings. lie held her
hand a moment overlong In parting, and
the wheeling Mrs. &oale. her cold eye
Lucking from the area window, saw him
bending over her la smiling persuasion.
Bill . Wolf, the flattest and widest of
llouoria's detectives, later rang the Blye
Cop right, ll'i:, Hrrn'l Nra Corvl'-e H Jj
I y S. A'KKK TYLKR.
bell and bulged back to the dining room
"Got him!" announced Bill.
"Is she with him?" demanded Honorla.
"I don't know. My partners are watch
ing tho front and back doora. Come!"
Honorla bundled the flat, wide detec
tive Into her electric and started machine.
"Where?'1 she msjesllcslly demanded.
"Riverside drive. Ifl show you the
"Is he still In. Iillnky?" demanded Bill
Wolf, 'tumbling out of the machine and
landing right end up.
Blinky Peters was loo good a detective
to answer In words. He gave an upward
toss of his round hed and a wind of
his fishllke eye and walked into the
building with an air of not having seen
BUI Wolf at all.
"Fifth!" ordorcd CllnUy, leaning over
to whisper the magic word mysteriously
Into the ear of the curly liolred elevator
boy. Tho boy did not mind. He was
used to sll sorts. Ho sont up the ele
vator with a Jrk. Out at the fifth tloor.
Elrst door to the right. Now! A ring
at the doorbell. Iluan!
The door swung open, and immediately
Bill Wolf pushed In: The til hers crowded
"There he U, ma'am!" shouted Bill,
plunging into the next room, and Honorla
Blye saw In June Warner's drswing room
the tall, lean, lanky detective with the
sparse black beard, who was the cari
cature ot her handsome husftand! NeJ
Warner followed from the reception room.
tTo Uo Continued Tomorrow.)
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Apiiairnlly RenluseM arc mlvanved
ilrlls ilolng pennma -m earth. They ere.
I seems, ni'Pointril hy (Jod to perform
eMigBcraleil Urn Olonn taU that benefit
w rcet of humanity. Certain It is that
they are slaves to an lnMll)le power that
drives them on. Having been ussigned
a tank, they are kept at It like galley .
In many Instances a irvniua is not even
prrrnltioil to look forward to pay. tor
ihe time flxrd for reward. If there Is to
be earthly reward. Is oei tried for him by
Hie Invisible T'owrr that assigned the
Having sucoeded in p'eu.'lng onoe the
world, In fact, has recognised the genius.
end paid for his services the whip lant
. from without ss well as from within.
He mint go on working to supply the ,
demand he haa created. He can never
Mitrk his duty like lesser men. while
snother performs his task, for no other
can. He la an Instrument that must be
kept in tune al the sacrifice of self.
Others may fling themselves upon the
sea of pleasure, live to excess, "eat
drink and he merry, for tomorrow you
may die," but the genius has labor to
perform for the hour, end tomorrow he
is destined, through hi work, to live.
Even a crippled animal Is relieved from
work and eared for. Not so the genius.
He must go on working, no matter how
tortured some even on their death beds,
like Itobert Louts Stevenson and Mosart.
Apart from continuous, nerve-racking,
oft lines exhausting labor, tho majority '
of geniuses are force! to endure both
mental and physical suffering. It is only
necessary to cite a few instances:
Milton, nt tha most interesting perloi
In his career, became blind, and had to
dictate hla work.
Boethoven. at the senlth of hla power,
became deaf, so he cor Id not hear his
, Wagner had to undergo bitlnr. humili
ating poverty for many a day: later had
Minna as a dally torment, and was only
allowed to escape her at Intervals to
perform his great service for tha world.
Byron, with godlike beauty of faoe and
Inordinate aenettlveneas, had to carry
everywhere with him a club foot.
Nletsshe lived with the full conscious
ness that he would go mad and he did!
Oscar Wilde waa shouldered with the
contempt of the world, and did time on a
Cleopatra was abandoned and sought
refuge from suffering In a self-inflicted
Napoleon spent seven years chained up
like a mad dog on a desolate island.
Julius Caesar was muredcrd, and ex
pressed the anguish ot his Ufa In his
words, "Et tu. Brute." ,
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