Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 17, 1915, NEWS SECTION, Page 8-A, Image 8
TIIK OMAHA SUXDAV 15KK: JANUARY 17. 1JM:. 0I.IAHA WOMEN GIYE HAIR TOGERHAMS ZIrs. Josephine Schweiboldt and Daughter Cut Off Tressei for Melting Pot to Help Amy. EACH WIlJ, GET AN IRON RING vTat Is regarded by Omnha Oermnn Amerioan as one of the guatest sacrifice mad here voluntarily tn connection with th war, lis that t Mrs. Josrphina Pehwelboldi and her daughter, Honi j treat. Renson. Eachin cut off all hT i lone, beautiful hair nd donated It to ! the "i-old for Iron" relief fund for Ger man and Austrian victims of the war. j The hair will lie soi l and the proceeds sont abroad for the relief of widows and ; orphans. "It Is certainly a real gift of gold for Iron." said Mrs. Tsui Oetischmann, who 1s In charge of the "molting pot" fund here. 'The hair Is wonderfully lonff and handsome, and of a rich golden brown color, Ihe mother's being longer and darker than the daughter's. "No woman could make a greater aerifies for the suffering victim of the wmr than to cut off her own hair, her crowning adornment, and give It tp raise montr for war relief." Mrs. Oissrh mann continued. "With ft sacrifice sur passes all the sifts of gold that could he made, I think." A local hair goods dealer mayt buy the two beautiful tresses uid make them Into awltches. It Is said. When Mrs. Hchwsl boldt sent the hslr to the German war toilet headquarters. he merely packed it Into a large candy box. with her name in the outside, and sent It by mall. Mrs. Getxschmann waa astonished when she opened the package. Numerous other gifts to the 'melting pot" fund are begin received dally. They are mostly s''l n silver ewetry. Bach donor will be given an Iron ring, in scribed "I gave gold for Iron," when the shipments of rings arrives from the east. Bryan's Warning to Carranza Causes Flutter at Capital WASHINGTON, Jan. l.8eoretary Itryan'a warning to the constitutionalists to refrain from Interference with the oil producing plants near Tamplco, Mex ico, caused a flutter In the local Mexican agencies. ' At Carranza headquarters It was con tended that the foreign oil producers In the Tamplco district had involved thenW niv.i in ..1,1- i-, v.t months ago they had withheld the taxes on . production they had been paying to the Carrensa government. In the belief that Villa would soon be in possession of the place. - Enrique C. Llorenle, head of the Villa agency, said he was authorised to state that the Gulterroi government would respect all concessions .granted by all previous constitutional governments in Mexico and would restore any properties confiscated. The oil situation was dla- cussed by RepresentaUves of General .-..... ., ' , ,.. .... ... O'arranxa with Sflcetary Bryan and the KrilUh ambassador. While the. Btate department has no of ficial notice that the Mexican convention lies determined to keep General Qiitlerres In office until December 31 one despatch describes a plan proposed by Zuvuta del egates for that purpose, but which would hold Gutlerres and all his acts completely under the orders of the convention. Tim official dispatches are all three days old. Utah's Legislative Deadlock Ended as Anderson is Chosen SALT LAKH CITY, Jan. 15.-Utah's hglslatlve deadlock, which had existed since last Monday, ended last night with the selection of U R. Anderson, repub lican, of Sanpete as speaker by a vote of 25 to N on the twenty-fourth ballot in caucuses. Andonion's selection was made poselble through the votes of two democrats, Meeks of Kane county and Brinkerhoff of Wayne. The house had been divided evenly with twenty-three -republican oposed to twenty-three dem ocrats, progressives and socialists. Rival organisations have been claiming recognition since Monday, with Andorson at the head of the republican organiza tion and Parley r. Chrtstensen, progres sive, of bait at the head of the opposition. The earlier ballots tonight wore evenly dlvtded between Anderson and Chrlatensen- - The fuslonlsts then switched to D. H, Morris." democrat, of Washington county.-Chrlstensen failed to reappear at the caucus after a recess, and only forty-five votes were cast on the final ballot. The caucus agreement li that committee appointments shall be equally divided between the republicans and fuslonlsts. Police Officers in Chicago Indicted on Charges of Grafting CHICAGO, li!.. aJn. M.-folke Csptala James CIonnrll Merer, Infective Ser geant Michael WeUbuum and r'rti Roth, a former policeman, were IndUteJ on barges of cor.optrory tvxlay by the grand Jury, which for a week bus been con ducting an Inquiry into alleged graft aJiioug police oiflcula of the "Maxwell ktteet station. ( There were fifteen count in the Joint Indictment, by whlih the men wre ao (oued of havlcg corruptly refused to ar rest certain persons for 1ms com mitted or about to be committed' and f having aided theae persona In th conimWoo of crimes and having sup- j wniraony ana oriered perjured testimony. specifically the defendants are ac. cuited of having advance notices of a burglary at tchwaru ltruthers oa July J), l'.'lS, when woolens vorth fl.Ouj were aloleu; a burglary of clothing store on rieniber 10, 1313, hen K0u Worth if clothing was takto. and an attempted robbery of another stare on b'Hinber . 11.4. .iC'JSTON SAYS COLLEGE STUDENTS NARROW-MINDED MANHATTAN. Kan., Jan. lS.-Coll.ice iuitit as a ri.i ox narrow minded, &cuiuM,i to lavld K. Houston, oner, lory of ayrv-ulture, who spk Uifura the nuiL-titi of tbe Kansas flat Agricul tural college here toitay. He urged, them tw tr k-n il.lr im.CimI cm liXu. HEAD OF NATIONAL WELFARE LEAGUE SPEAKS TODAY. V -x ... 1 ' JL ,:. V '' . . 7 J. K. CODDING. TURK MEETS JTALY'S TERMS Vali of Tamen Ordered to Give Satis faction for Violation of Con sulate at Hodeida. ' ' NEW STORY OF INCIDENT HOME, Jan. ls.-Tha Turkish govern ment, according to a semi-official com munication pubilHhed in the Giornals d' Italia, has renewed Its order, sent through Rome to the vail of Yemen, Arabia, Instructing him to give complete satisfaction for all the demand presented by the Italian government 'In connection with the incident at Hod-Ida, where Turkish officials forcibly removed the Brltlbh. consul from the Italian consulate, where he had taken refuge. The Porte authorities. It Is declared, have instructed the vali to grant the demands of the Italian government In dependently of the inquiry instituted by the vali, which. It Is said, merely alms to establish the responsibility of each of ficial in the local administration of Hodeida. ' ' The newspaper adds that Blgnor Cecchl, the Italian consul at Hodeida, never was imprisoned or placed on trial by the Hodeida authorities. The Idea Naxlonale publishes a dis patch from Alexandria, giving particulars of the event at Hodeida. It says that Turkish gendarmes attacked the Ilrltlsh Th ,,,.,7 , ' Zl i n a i The UrUI,,h v,c ""n"1' - A- Richardson, escaped to the Italian consulate. The commander of the gendarmes followed him and railed upon Signor Cecchl, the Italian consul, to surrender Mr, Richard son, making the demand In the name of the governor. When the demand was refused by Con sul Cecchl the governor sent 400 soldiers with cannon. The soldiers surrounded the Itullun consulate, and the doors were broken down with axes. Soldiers fired on the consulate, wounalng a servant. ri.- 'K..ii ..... . . i .... . ''7'Z1Z r, I'i " """" gendarmes finally entered the consulate they fired at Consnt Cecchl, but did not wound him. Consul Richardson was then surrendered to the soldiers. The governor notified the Italian consul that he would be no longor recognised as the represen tative of l lie Italian government and would be treated as a prisoner on charges or having housed the-Brltish vice consul and of firing on Turkish sold tars. The latter charge is characterised by the Idea Naiionale as false. Pignor Ceeofil was not permitted to leave the consulate for several days, ac cording to this report and on the day that he was to havs been placed on trial he was renewed by tbe arrival of the Italian coast guard ship Giullana, Could t Walk with ltkrimttUra A satwfled patient writes:- "Bloan' I. I . . m i,i m mrnt curea my rheumatism; am grateful. "I can now walk without pain." On'y c. All druggist Advertisement. Landsturm Given Silent Treatment by People of Brussels Correpoiideitce of the Associated Press.) BRUKHKIJ. Jan. 5.-The "silent treat ment" of the German lands! rura In this city, by the Bclulun people I one of the moat striking feature of the situation hore. It la spreading even to the chil dren, who turn their heads away or cross the street whenever they aee a German soldier approaching. If a soldier enter a shop the Belgian eitliur quit the bUMlug or move away as far as possible. If one of the iandsturm enter street car the Belgians leave or else turn their eyes away. There are no words of greeting, no emUea, not the slightest rvcofcnition that the soldier I a human being. - Whether this' la havunjwny rffect on the soldier 1 not certain, but an Ameri can who today stopped a fine looking German soldier, who was utt duty, and talked with him. waa surprised at what he heard. '"You are the first person who ' ha spoken a civil word to me in this town for a iionlh," said tbe soMier. We sincerely trust it ends very shortly across the water. But right here SCRAP IS OUR BUSINESS. For Your Accumulation of SCRAP METALS, RUBBER or SCRAP IRON, com municate and deal direct with headquarters. We sup ply some of the largest industries in the world. 25 Years in the "Scrap Business" Our reputation speaks for itself. . SAME MANAGEMENT -rte nnnoa FEnEn a sou Onffi f 11 P. HnfJ. Mstal and Rab- 1CM3 tn. t.h St Tel. PUBLIC WELFARE CAMPAIGN! President of National Welfare League to Be in Omaha for the Next Three Dayi. SPEAKS AT VARIOUS PLACES A group of Omaha cl.trches have ar ranged to Join In a public welfare cam paign today, aionday and Tuesday, when the principal speakers will be J. K, Cod ding, president of the National Welfare league, and Theodore Hansen. The churches are Rt Mary's Avenue Con gregational. 11 unworn I'ark Methodist. Westminister Presbyterian and Grace) Lutheran. Other meeting of the campaign today are: 11 A. M. Grace UatHlst church. J. K, Codding. ' U M. Ten s class, r nsi congrega tional church, Theodore Hansen. 3 P. M.-Kannom 1'arK Methodist church, men's mass meetlmt. by Theodore Hnnsen on "The Other Fellow. 7: Jt M.W ret minister I'resDyienan church; topic. "Crime and Its Cure," by Theodore Hansen. Monday morning Theodore Hansen will address the I'ark school pupils. Mondny. S P. M. Hansom Park Methodist women' mass meeting. Edu cational lecture; subject, "The Pre dolesent Child," hy Tneodore Hanson. Monday, 7:45 F. M. Mans.com -ar Methodist community mm meeting; educational lecture;' topic, "Child Super vision," by Theodore Hanson. Tuesday, 1 P. M. Westminister Pres byterian church woman's educational lecture; subject, "The Adolescent Child," by Theodore Hanson, i Tuesday. 7:46 P. M .Westminister Pres- , byterlan i-hurch community lecture, sub ject, "Ufe. Home and Parenthood," by j Theodore Hanson. , J. K. Codding I president of the Na tional Welfare league, and former, warden of the Kansas penitentiary, who put Into effect so many reforms in that peniten tiary, including Uie locasiep anil oiuer melhods of punishment, riving prisoners two hours every Saturday In which to develop their ball learn. Since he was warden he ha (pedalled on welfare work and ha been In great demand all over the country as a apaaker. 7 Naval Committee 1 Keports Bill For Two Battleships WASHINGTON. Jan. !. In formally1 reporUng the 1148,000,000 naval bill to the! house today, the naval committee said that while In the European war the "sub marine ha been effective in harbor' and coast 'defense, it has not been able to control the sea as the superior battle ship fleet ha done, causing an enemy with an inferior battleship fleet to suffer great loss of merchant ships, blockading Its ports and driving It commerce off the seas." The commUtee reported that therefore the two battleship program had not been changed. It added that the "efffecUve nes of the submarine in the1 European war demonstrated It to be a naval weapon of great value," and "that the airship for HcoUtlng purposes likewise has dem onstrated its effectiveness." The bill probably will be reached for debate about February I. It carrle an Increase of tS.493.0OS In the building pro gram over what tha Navy department: recommend. , The ' committee commended Secretary .Daniel, for economies, strongly endorsed the proposed new office of chief of op erations, and urged the provision for cre ating a naval reserve, which would pro vide 25,000 trained men wtthln a few years. "The organisation of a naval reserve Is neeessary to the adequate defense of ' the country," sold the committee Kaisex's Nephew on Emden Loses Mind VANCOUVER. B. C, Jan. I.-That Prince Fran Josef of Hohensollern, a , nephew of the German emperor, ha be-1 come demented a a result of hi tx- j perlencea on board the Emden In its fight with tha Australian cruiser 8ydney I wa made public her today In a letter received by Rev. T. Pitt, secretary of the Seamen' Institute, whose brother is a lieutenant on the Sydney. Lieutenant ' Pitt wrote that while the prince wa engaged In firing a torpedo a shell from tha Sydney entered the tor. pedo, room and killed all the men, the prince alone ' escaping. When rescued Prince Fran was In a daaed condition. Later hi mind gave way completely, so that It wa necessary to place him under restraint If wa taken to Port Said with the other prisoner of war and given medical attention. Killed by Quake as ' They Prain Church NAPLES, Jan. 18. Rescuing gang to day brought out numerous victims of the earthquake who had been buried in the church of Santa Restitute, the patron saint of the town of Sore, where hunV oreds of persons rushed to pray when the first aliock occurred. The roof of the edifice fell In with the second shock. Amori mora orousnt out were twenty nuns and the priest who had been cele brating mas Twenty-seven persona, seriously injured also wore rescued. Three peasant who were found looting wrecked building in Sora were arrested today tsr Cect Ceaj. UU. Cashi, O.5.A. FRENCH OFFICIAL REPORT aSBBSMsasasBBBI War Office Tell of Gains Made at Sereral Points Through Artil ery and Bayonet Charges. TRENCHES LOST NEAR CARENCT PARIS, Jan. 1.-The French War office this afternoon gave out an official state ment a follows: "In Pclglum yesterday there wa artil lery flgbataig In the region pf Nieuport and In the vicinity of Ypres. "From the Lys to the Homme, at Notre Dame de Ixrette, near Carency, the enemy reocrupled a portion of the trenches he lost to us January 14. At Iilangy, near Arras, we have continued to make progress. The enemy delivered an energetic attack, preceded by a vio lent artillery fire, on our position to the west or La Bolsselle. This attack waa repulsed. "Along the entire front from the. 8omme to the Me use no Infantry engagements were reported yesterday. In the sectors of olsons and of Ithelms our artillery obtained noticeable advantage at BTr eral different point such a the scat tering of a regiment that was about to reassemble, causing an explosion In a German battery and the destruction of field work. "In the Argonne there wo yeterdy a m Voa- Can Afford a Piano fit These Bargain Prices . Never in our 65' years la the piano business were there such re markable values In exchanged pianos and player pianos on our floors. Many of these Instruments were received by us during the holidays in exchange on New Stelnway & Sons, Weber, Hardman, SteKer & Son, Emerson, McPhail, Lindemaa & Sons and Schmoller & Mueller pianos. . Select from This List of Bargains 500 Emerson Square on sale at.. $15 $600 Fischer Square on sale at. V3U $300 Kimball Upright on sale at $100 ,250 .Boston, Upright :right... $75 on sale at. $275 Schrluier Up right on sale at. . $300 Hamilton Up right on sale at. , . $115 $150 $145 $147 $325 Kimball Up- ' right on sale at. . . $300 -Schmoller ft Mueller Upt., at. . . $400 Steger & Sons Upright on sale at . . $160 85 Sends-One of These Piano: to Year Home Viith Free Stool and Scarf 8c!imollcr& Llucllcr Piano Go. 1!;i'&rjzx.? v'',"' 1311-13 Farnan Street i- . ' , "d -. SOUTHKRSt" RESORTS. SOUTHKKN RlfiSORTS. v .?:. &mr y 1 grip and where the JUNE TIME join hands and show you the way to real summer enjoyment A speelal prsaram ef GOLF mn4 TENNIS Is a noteworthy feature ef the season. r .-; , MOTORING. FISHING, SAILING. SURF-BATHING, Etc Hotel, la watch the cob. fort and eaavaaUae ( cdmIs Is t supreme lamsorfnee add tste last dre mt sloasare rear sademra m the VTHKRR TO STAY St. Aasaetiaei Pones da Um aad Akmsar. Oraaoad-oa-tfce-Hallnaa i Botnl Omond. fnliM iiM-hi Breaker aad Korel y-otnciaaa, Miaaaii Kuyal fata ' Keuem, Ma aamaei The CotoniiO. Lus Keri Aa Ideal Fsikuw Cera, Ha, ( eei Via Key WaM aad P. a O. ft. 1. C Tee Ores Baa BiilnieS na falimaa Service aUewe a too off KnUtie at principal pis lias. i FLORIDA EAST COAST i 24 I rifrh AvM New Verg rather detci-mlned artillery attack on ouri position at Fontaine Madamo. "From the Argonne to the Vosges, we checked completely a spirited attack of the eliemy directed against our trenches at Flirey, aad the tjrman .evacuated the crest Of the hill to the north of Clemery, east of Font-a-Mouasen. This they were compelled to do by the fire of our artillery. "In the sector of the Vo'sgea there were artillery exchanges on all the front. There waa also some heavy rifle firing, particularly at Tete de Faux. "At upper Alsace there waa no change." OREGON IS READY FOR SECOND HISTORIC TRIP BHATTLK, Wash., Jan. The battle ship Oregon, refitted and repaired until. It officer say. It I in even better trim than when It mode Its cruise around The Horn to participate in the destruction of the Spanish fleet at Santiago, sailed to day from the Puget Sound navy yard on the f1nt leg of its voyagw to the Panama canal, where It will lead the International fleet through the waterway next March in celebration of it completion. The Oregon 1 In command df Com mander Joseph SI. Reeves, who was as sistant engineer on the battleship when It made it famous cruise seventeen year ago. Captain Frederick Ramsey of the ma rine corps anfl several enlisted men who were aboard the Oregon in 1898 also sailed With It today. ' Our Annual January Clearing Sale of New, Dis continued Styles and Used Pianos and Player Piano of nation-wide reputation is now in full swing. The exceptional values listed below give you an idea of the saving opportunities. Liberal terms of payment within the reach of all. $300 Davis & Sons Upright on sale at. $138 $750 Steinway & SonB $Cftrfc Upright on sale at. . tPOUU $500 Chlckerlng & . Sons Upt, on sale . . $276 MueUer Upright on sale at $140 $125 $600 Hardman Up- QOC right on sale at, . ; . P30 $1,000 Chlckerlng Onfs Grand on sale at. . . 4&UU $500 Clough & War- dOQC ren Player on sale at 4)a3 $600 Schmoller ft (Jqa MueUer Player at. . $OOU $700 Stuyyesant' &Af( Pianola on sale at. . VvU one cen But the Storm Kine loses his his icy breath becomes a FLORIDA EAST COAST and ITtvA EAST Si Annuls, ttxida 10 W. ASaeas SC. Cbicase FARMERS VITALLY CON CERNED WHAT THE EUROPEAN WAR MEANS TO THE AP4ERICAN FARMER . , That every city of any le tn ihe thing to have market In all rarts or country Is f uU o thousand of Idle men the world which have heretofore been at the present moment Is a fact well . supplied by the great warring rations known to every reader of newspapers for hardly a day posse that the hungry thousand who stand In the "bread line" and patronise the free "soup house" In every large center of population. Nor Is thta state of affair due to the policy of 'adequate merchant marine the further any particular political party, but rather folly of permitting our railroads to get the outgrowth of conditions which bTe j lnto Bucn weakened rnyslcal condition been slowly but urely crystallzlng for a 'that they will break down under the number of year, "fn tbe first place, the etraln of delivering the products of the corn belt the great bread basket of the farmer and the manufacturer at rui nation haa had a series of slim crops ocean port and thus largely waste the In most section, and this naturally has) great opportunity for profit which the . had a depressing effect upon business foreign war will unquestionably bring conditions. Again, we have been passing it:? This I a phase of the present sltua through a period of Industrial readjust- tion which commands the serious thought ment of changing from the loose tneth- of every farmer in Nebraska und the oQ which prevailed a dosen or ao year corn belt generally for here Is where go over to a policy of strict government the lion' share of the nation' foodstuffs control of publlo service corporation anJ are produced, and here is where farmers a sharp Inquiry Into the conduct of all ' cannot afford to be hampered hy in other large corporationsand, in trying adequate transportation facilities of they to stamp oat the abuses of the past the . are to make the most of favorable market pendulum has swung so far in the other opportunities. direction that, so far a the railroad are j concerned, at least. It threatens to pre - clpltate the most of them which are not I already In the hand of receivers upon the rock of financial wreck and ruin. I That . the depreaed financial condition 1 of the railroads I largely responsible for I the great army of unemployed was vividly demonstrated by a prominent St Louis newspaper recently when It showed i that nine St Louis manufacturing estab j liehment which deal In railroad supplies I employed 14.V7S men one year ago, whereas now they employ only 4,603, with a reduction In their pay roll amounting to 1588,700 per month, or 17,000,000 a year. If the effect upon only nine enterprises is as far reaching as this, what would tha figures show if they were available for similar Industries and the hundreds I of other enterprises affected in a greater jor less degree throughout the country? j Nearly all of these concerns have on I hand trundretfa of thousands of dollars' I worth of flnbBhed equipment which was , ordered by the railroads a year or so ago, but which they have not been, able to ' pay for; In the meantime, not being able I to pay for goods - already ordered, the j railroads . are not placing any new con . tracts, and antes they receive speedy ss- sistance from a station-wide standpoint the tendency will be for labor conditions to grow worse rather than better. In last week's article we referred to the fact that tbe railroads are tha larg-! est employers of labor in the United """" m u B"V" convened State, and that during 'the last fiscal''1 , lZ i V?" v, J. , , , armies. Export of breadstuff from the WO.OOO.OOOln . Un(teJ g November were valued In- J. 1 7men,W,T WO.SO.000. or almost four times ss cono-.t their business We also referred , much fc Novembw m whlle meat V "t.th,er eUtv nd catu DorU amounted to nearly $1,000,000,000 tor steel, coal, lumber and gn.ooo.000. or a gain of over 20 per cent other Supplies of which they are the over 1913, and this despite our miserablat largest consumers lsT the country, and , shlDDinsr facilltlea on the hleh seas. inereiore ins enter support of the hun dreds of thousands employed In these great Industries. In view of these facts, i It not plain to any thinking man that It is of tre-! mendous Importance to the whole coun try that the railroad be permitted to earn a reasonable Income tf the million of American laboring men are 40 be kept profitably employed? Does not any roan know that If the thousands who are thi moment hunting for work In Chicago, ct. Loula, New Tort. ntUburgh, Cleveland and . other large cities were profitably employed that It would mean a higher price for what tbe farmer has to sell and that it wouldlb reflected in the receipts of every mer chant and the output of every factory in the nation T In view of such a serious state of af fairs.) can the average farmer or busi ness man afford to oppose the small In crease in rates which is necessary to once i more put the railroads upon a sound i ibajiia? Ta nnt ths amAimf A i 'fare or freight which the averagTfarme nr oth.r niti . . " .. v-' - io year e man hnv.tnll. V.H the lucrative employment and the buying power of th million of American labor ing menT j A Bother Serious Phase. Important as Is the employment of labor, there Is another very serious phase of thi problem which calls for pro found thought at the hands of all tnlnk lng cltlsens, and especially the farmer. In last week' article we cited the fact that in their desperate effort to make both ends meet, many railroad are "burning the candle at both ends" that in order to bolster upr their securities and keep out of the hand of receiver the rolling stock and roadbed of many line have been deteriorating rapidly for a number of year and hence are. in no position to handle a big season's ton nage, should the strain of a. heavy crop year auddenly dettcend upon them. That the great foreign War wlU,prudue Ithe highest price ever known for. the food stuff produced by the farmer 1 ad mitted on all hands, and tf there ever wa a time when he will need adequate and efficient shipping facilities it will he during th next two .or three, years and yet we are actually facing perhaps the most prosperous period the American farmer ha ever known with nYfeay American railroads in a dilapidated con dition. No sooner had the great Europeavn war buret upon the world than oongress realised that our merchant marine waa utterly weak and inefficient Step were at ore taken to make the. best of the situation ' and to repair as speedily as possible our neglected shipping facilities upon the high seas and that the handi cap . has already coat the American people million of dollar during the last few months is so patent that it re quires no extended comment It 1 on Swap Anything in the jSwririr; Cujioim i i if! in' immmwamammmm- .,, ,,,.., b . - ,, J II IN RAILROADS i , begging for American goods and food stuff but it I quite another thing to have American ships In which to deliver these cargoe. Will w now Add to the neglect 'of an nere t not a single manager of ;i central or western railroad who wllil not ad.Titt that the present, supply of first- class freight locomotive and box cam could not successfully meet the require ments of several bountiful crop years- ' and yet they haven't the funds with whioh to supply thi equipment and thus be prepared for the emergency when it comes as It undoubtedly will. Farmers Will Profit. .In this connection, it is opportune to say that the Amcrloan farmer is certain to reap a larger profit from the chaotic conditions which exist in Europe than any other class of tradesmen or cltlsen. So far ' as our manufacturers are con- ; cerned, while new markets are undoubt- edly beckoning to the United States, yet on tha other hand, for several years to come, the splendid trade which we enjoyed In Gorman y, England, France, Austria and Russia on our manufactured products Is certain to remain demoralized and thus we will be fortunate If we do not loose mors than we can hope to gain tn new fields, with whose needs we are not yet familiar, and to which it Is certain to require some years to adjust ourselves. It Is the American former, however, who has no complications ahead of him. and whose flour, pork, beef, mutton and othor foodstuffs must be depended upon to mass up ins shortage which la al ready looming big In the distance because the harvest fields of the most fertile sec- In the light of thee facts, wi there ever a tim when the fanners of Ne braska and other corn belt states can view, the future with as much assurance, or When they can so well afford to 'treat fairly ever other great -Industry In the nation as nowt . . v . Putting It In the terms of sound busi ness policy, was there ever a time when they should do their part to the end that American labor may be profitably em ployed In all the great channels of in dustry, and that our transportation sys- i1" m be kept up to a high point of efficiency, so that it may adequately dis charge the heavy shipping burdens which will undoubtedly descend upon it in the not distant future T More Railroads Needed. , No other single agency In the nation has had more to do with the advance ment of land values than have the rail roads, and as evidence of this fact the proximity of a farm to the market al most Invariably fixes Its selling .value. Nebraska and every other central or r8, " T Vm 7 i hnn' dreds of miles of additional railroad mlle- i t aaei and these new line will not 'be built until American railroad .securities are re-established a a paying invest mentand this, on the basis of present railroad earnings, is out of the question. Nearly all our present lines were built years ago, when railroad investments were looked upon with favor at home and abroad, and hence, If there is a class, of citizen in the land who should be' vitally Interested In rescuing the tall road from the pitiable plight in which they find themselves at the present mo ment It Is the, farmer. As a matter of fact, were it not so tremendously far reaching in Its effect, the controversy over a slight increase in railroad rates in any great agricultural state would largely resemble a tempest In a teapot a matter which should be settled In the brief space of tinvs required to apply the remedy. When a private industry, great or small, advance the price of Its commodities we tuke It sa a matter of course and say nothing about it and in the pant we have opposed advances for the railroad largely because perhaps the attention of the people has never been directed to their Importance to the Com munity and the nation, because they were angered at occasional abuses which strict governmental regulation bos for ever eliminated, and because for' soma years designing political opportunists have found abuse of the railroads an easy road to public preferment That public sentiment, however, is changing rapidly, and that we will soon reach a ayie understanding between the people and the railroads, which are so vitally essential to the agricultural and com mercial progress of every community in the nation. Is becoming more and more apparent every day. (Paid advertisement To be continued). MADE" OMAHA U iu.iMv.'M'AI'i UU. .' f. OMMU-.aU!! m'i tN(i; . i ..UiHvH U lU' I. "Swapper's Column If A.