Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 04, 1915, Image 1

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By advertising In The
Dee the storekeeper takes
his show window Inte
the home of every reader
VOL. XL1V NO. 171.
Douglas County Representative at
Lincoln Contending Against All
Candidates in Race.
All Aspirants on the Scene, but
Fight Has Not Reached the
Stage of Finality.
Howard County Democrat Mentioned
as Having Strong Backing.
Canem of Members "Will Re Held
Moaltf M(k(, When Decision
Will Re Reached to
the Winner.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
MXCOLN. Jan. 3. (Speelal.)-There
ha been very little change In the speak
jership tight. The candidate for the office
are all on the around and It Is still the
field a sal nut Richmond, with a possible
change In sentiment toward George
Jackson. However, the change Is small
and unless the field unites upon some
one who can pull the combined vote of
all the other candidates It still looks like
Some of the candidates themselves If
they cannot land, are liable to go to
Richmond as a second choice, and for
that reason there Is not much chance
of a gct-to-gether against the Omaha
ttateama., unless somo new man Is
r.prung, who will not only draw most
of the votes of the field, but perhaps
draw a few from Richmond. Tho Rich
mond line is a sturdy me and it may
l ot be possible for the allies to reach
the trenches' and scatter the forces with
any chance of victory lor themselves.
Fries Mar Snrprlse.
There Is some Norton talk, but It has
not reache-1 a stage where it is strong
enough to stand alone. The most for
midable dark complexioned animal, which
has appeared bo far Is the candidacy of
Keren Fries, the Howard county gentle
man. It i said that the corporation
Influence is behind an effort to put Fries
Into the fight at the proper time. It Is
also rumored that the Slnk-Uenton com
bination is back of the scheme to put '
(Fries across, but so far the scheme is
in Its Inelp.ency with Trumble ot Sher
man, acting as chief of staff and envoy J
Few Combinations Vet.
The fight so far" has not developed
any very strong combinations, but that
may come before midnight tonight. There
are rumorj of tie-ups, most of them" so
Improbable that.. they . do not get very
far. One ."is Jackson and Potts for
speaker end chief clerk. Another Is
(Davis and Cone for chief clerk and
first assistant. Still another says Fries
for speaker and Cone for chief clerk.
But these are only rumors and have not
reached far. The two leading candidates
for speaker and chief clerk, Richmond
lor speaker and McKisstck for clerk, do
not seem to have entered into any com
bine with anybody nnd they are still
standing on their own foundation and
making the fight so far without any
tie-ups with other candidates.
In the Senate.
There Is no chango either in the sen
ate fight. If the condition can be called
a figAt. Henator Ollls seems to still stand
well with .the members, who have ar
rived. Senator Kohl came In late last
night from Wayne, but says he -a mak
ing no fight for the presidency of the
senate. Senator Grace had not arrived
at 2 o'clock this afternoon and so It
fa probable that the scrap for position
lr. the dignified end ot the legislature
will not reach an undignified state.
Howard nnd Keller Arrive.
John I. Negley of Omaha was the only
member of the Dougiaa county delega
tion, whj had put In an appearance to
day at noon, except J.-iry Howard, who
has been here since Monday. Mr. Neg
ley is at the Lincoln, where most of the
democratic members arc holding forth,
although the Llndell arrears to be the
meoea, where most of them congregate
after getting their bearings. This Is prob
ably due to the tact that the LtnCell is
lepudllean headquarters und the members
tit the need of the right kind of Instruc
tion to siart them out on right lines of
Legislative Program.
A meeting has been called tomorrow at
ZM In the afternoon to discuss the pro
gram of running tho legislature laid
down by the legislative committee, ap
pointed at the last session. The matter
la being much discussed and most of the
members are for the simplified new
method, which calls for less work and
fewer expert assistants.
The Weather
Fur Nebraska and Iowa -Generally fair;
not much change In temerature.
Te.mprratnre nt Omaha Yesterday.
t a. m....
t a. m....
7 a. m....
8 a. m....
a. m
10 a. m....
11 a. in....
12 in
1 p. m....
2 p. m....
3 p. m....
4 p. m....
a p. m....
i p. m S i
l p. m 2
Comparative Local Record.
. 1915 1314 ISIS 1912
Highest yesterday L"6 21 ) 9
lowest yesterday I'l 14 21
Mean tenierature 24 is 30 4
Precipitation ., Oil T .04 .04
Temperature and precipitation depar
tures from the normal:
Normal temperature , Jl
Kxeaa for the day 3
Total excess since March t 577
Normal precipitation A! Inch
Ix riciency for the day 02 inch
Tutal rainfall since March t... .25.01 inches
Ix-M. tency since March i l.cj inches
iH-fi.eney lor cor. period. 19U. i t inches
Defli lency for cor. peiiuU. 1S12. 4.J7 inches
lndl"aU-s below sero.
T indicates U ace of precipitation.
NEUTRALS WATCHFUL-Swiss Alpine guards on
their lonely vigil on the Alsatian frontier.
v., ', N.,y
U s
7 ' i . . -r-S)..
Murder Trial at Wheeler, S. D., Ends
Very Suddenly in Sensational
Defendant Charired with Mnrder of
William Mejtslp and ' Blanche
Slg-aal at t;eddea In Last
WHEELER. S. D., Jan. S.-Judge R, B.
Tripp closed the Brooks murder trial sud
denly here tonight by directing the jury
to return a verdict for the defendant.
Tho court refused to hear rebuttal wit
nesses for the state. Both sides then
waived arguments and when the Judge
arose, presumably to instruct the Jury,
he ordered the twelve men to return a
verdict of acutttal, ending the case in a
sensational manner.
The crime for which Robert Brooks was
tried the murder of William H. Mensie
and Blanche Signal occurred In Geddes,
8 D., on the night of April 16, MUI. the
bodies of Menxle and Miss Signal being
found in the burned ruins of the elevator
company's office of which Menxle was
Position of Body.
When Menzle's body was discovered it
was stretched full length crosswise of the
office. His feet were bound with wire
snd a wire band was about one wrist
the other being free, although the wire
had been broken and had originally
bound both hands. The body of MUs
Signal was found lying in the opposite
direction with both hands and feet bound
with wire in a similar manner, her hands
being behind r-cr.
Miss Signal had a hole in her skull
about three-fourths of an Inch deep, ap
parently made by the blow of a hammer,
which was found nearby with the handle
burned out. Menxle had a buUet hole In
his head and a bruised place on his skull
that might have been caused by the blow
of a hammer. A revolver was found
nearby which showed that one bullet had
been discharged and another chamoer
blown out, apparently by the heat.
One motive offered for the murder by
the authorities was the strong opposition
of Menxle to the liquor and gambling In
terests of Geddes.
! First Service Held
In Auditorium of
Plymouth Church
21 1 torium of ' Plymouth Congregational
21 j church were held Sunday morning In the
!; new building at Eighteenth and Emmet
23 street. The auditorium marks the com
tt pletlon of the new church built since the
jj'j tornado of March 23, 1913, destroyed the
2( old church. Hundreds flocked to the serv
2j Ires Sunday morning and filled the audi
J ; torium to overflowing so that many were
turned away unable to find accommoda
tions. Services have been held In the
basement fur over two months.
Rev. F. W. Leavltt preached the ser
mon. He chose to talk on the subject
represented by the painting In the window
at the back of the church, "Behold I
stand at the window and knock."
Seventeen new numbers were taken
Into the church during the service. Two
children were baptised.
It was expected that the ne pipe organ
would be ready for una for this Opening
service, but this could not be put into
shape In time, so It could not be used.
It Is expected that It will be ready by
next Sunday.
"Governing" Germany Said by Some
Neutrals in Their Confidence
to Appreciate This.
Belief la High Circles that Neither
Tentona Nor Allies Have Chaaeo
of Winning; Decisive
(Copyright. 1915. by Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON. Jon. S. (Special Cablegram
to New York World an Omaha Bee.)
According to Information received from
two distinctly neutral sources "govern
ing" Germany has already come to a
realisation that the country cannot con
quer In this war.
The World correspondent has seen a
letter from a Danish banker written to
the head of one of the greatest field
hospitals and It said that a Berlin
magnate of finance admitted to the
writer that ruling powers of Germany
acknowledged it is impossible to conquer.
The exact text of this part of the letter
was: "l'n des magnate Berllners de la
Finace ma avoue que les Dirigeants
Allemands se rendraleut compte del'lm
posslbllte de vanere." .
People Still Confident.
Information from another source strik-
ZutZ ?h' , "UtT!nt
lr I lent i ntor"" of"p'
of a neutral country who has Just arrived
In Ixindon after a lengthy visit to Ger-
Jnulipm nil Germany, "-.
h ? ,B m"lUry ran'"
xatlon and the eventual triumph of Ger-!
man arms remains unimpaired, hut the
military authorities themselves have
been obliged to recognise that their
chances of a smashing victory arc gone.
The view now is that war must result
In a sort of military stalemate.
The hope of reaching Worsaw is
abandoned and even the capture of War
saw woulJ not affect the issue.
The allies of course would be equally
Impotent to Inflict a fatal blow utnn
Germany. The allied offensive, accord-
ing to uerman calculations, will cost 1.000
men for every mile of ground guined and
the talk of an allied march upon Berlin,
either from the east or the west. Is mere
Germane Wla Mnrfa.
The present position from a German
military point of view la entirely in
favor of Germany. Its armies hold hostile
country and Its own borders except In
one unimportant Instance are Inviolate.
While, however, Germans, according to
my informant Justifiably claim the
honors of war, their military leaders
have come reluctantly to the conclusion
that a decisive triumph cannot be won by
force of arms.
Fire Blocks Traffic
On Reading Railroad
Philadelphia! Jan. i-Fire m
Camden today destroyed the large train
shed and station of the Philadelphia A
Reading Railway company, a coal and
lumber yard and several building be
longing to the Dialogue Bhlp Building
All traffic on the Reading lines to At
lantic City and all points In so ah Jersey
has been suspended. Reading ticket are
being honored by the Pennsylvania rail
road. The loss la estimated at KWO.OuO.
Th targe lumber yard of Charles Kste
II Co. in North Philadelphia was de
stroyed by fire- today. Mure than .W0
worth of finished lumber wa reduced to
Flooded River Valleys Render Oper
ations of the Contending Sides
Difficult in the Extreme.
wabct TW vrrvnVV TW VT-.AftS I
nvM1 " ,
Both Fronts Alike Drenched So that
Roadj Have Become Regular
, , , !
UCrmans wniy xuiwoju '
Day is Capture of tha Town
of Borjomow.
Appear to Have Won Additional
Opening Through Carpathians.
Feverish Activity In IHreetlen ISot
at Present Threatened Indicates
'Fear the Balkan fttntea Will
IQntrr the Conflict.
LONDON, Jan. 3. The extremely
rainy winter, the worst Europe has
experienced In years, causing floods
In the river valleys of the continent
as well a those of England, has pre
vented any operations on a large
scale, on the western battle front,
and has seriously interfered with
those in the east.
There have been heavy artillery
engagements from the sea to tho
Swlsg border, and occasioned attacks
by the infantry of the opposing
armies, which when not repulsed,
have added a few yards to the terri
tory tn the possession of the attack
ing force, but have always proved
costly adventures.
Ciermans Captnre RorJImow.
The French have gained a little ground
between Albert and Roye Just north of
the point here the line turns eastward,
and to the east of Rhelms and southwest
of Verdun, where the attempts to make
the German positions at St. Mlhlel on
the Meuse untenable, . rs proceeding
slowly.. ,Thy have also some ad
vance in Atsave. out nave surrered a
repulse to the northwest of the . St,
In the east the Germans have captured
the Important Russian position of Borjl
mow, but elsewhere, they have . been
unable to make headway against the Rus
sians who as defenders of well fortified
positions, are aided by the wet weather
and muddy roads which hinder tho Ger
man movements.
The Austrians claim to have checks I
the Russian advance near Gorlloe on
the south Gallclan railway, west of
Joalow, but apparently the battle here
has not yet been concluded. The Rus
sians, on the other hand, have taken the
Austrian's positions near Uzsck Pass,
which should open another entrance for
them through the Carpathians Into Hun
gary, while the Austrians' retreat In
Bukowlna Is described by the Russians
as a rout.
Tarks Cross Border.
The Turks have crossed the Russian
border In the Caucasus, and, according
to their own account, have defeated the
Russian garrison at Ardahan. They are,
however, displaying anxiety for their re-
lhiy fortlfylw the whole coast line,
What they fear is not disclosed, for It Is
' ldered hardly p,,,,.,, for h
to , . .utflrlet force to proe' J
pat. an Invasion from another source.
inn"--"". Point to the possibility of
th, BalkaB ,tatelf wnoh are ow neuytra.
taking a hand In the war.
t'rrcre Is Heady.
The Greek minister of finance has de
clared that Greece Is making prepara
tions to maintain the new territory which
It gained In the Balkan wars from Turkey
and Bulgaria, but that it has more to
fear from Bulgaria than from Turkey. It
Is not thought that Rumania ran look on
Calmly while the Russians are advancing
' toward Transylvania, and It Is expected
! that It will Join with Russia and try to
secure the much-coveted eastern province
of Austria-Hungary.
British Offer Prayers.
Throughout the British empire and In
the English churches In foreign countries
Intercession services were held today for
the success of the allies' arms. Many of
the sermons embodied exhortations to the
young men to Join the army. Kng George
attended services in the village church at
Twelve U. S, Forts
Almost Depopulated
CHICAGO, Jan. S.-Calla for Inlted
States soldiers on the Mexican border,
Colorado, Arkansas and elsewhere during
the last two years have depopulated the
twelve forts In the central department to
a corporal's guard, according to a report
today by Colonel D. A. Frederick at de
partmental headquarters here.
In January, 1913, the number of troops
In the department was 19.S29, with 1,107
officers. This year the total Is 7? troops,
with forty-nine off kern, just enough to
guard the barracks and stable.
Of th forty-nine officers, twelve are In
Chicago. The remainder are distributed
In th Kheiidan. Omaha, Hrtalllng. Wayne,
Benjamin Harrison, Crook, D. A. Rus
sell, Des Molnrs, Leavenworth, HcKenxle,
Meade and Riley fotta.
The forts average three officers and
fifty troopers each.
Berlin Finds Good News Everywhere
Along the Extended Battle Fronts
lU'Rl.lN. Jan. S (by wli-rless to f:iy- paerl puhlixlie an Interview with the
llle. Tun official res bureau 1rda j Ornimn field mnrshal, Kolinar von d.p
gave out the following Hems: ,o:i. mllit.rv f c"on.tntl-
'The situation In the west is considered
by the military critics to be steadily tin- ,
proving. They bel"ve the Russian conn- J
ter offensive In tlallcla has been utterly .
shattered for the time at least.
"Kvents In the cis(. however, have ',
' broiiiiht surprises, so that predictions aSlila last visit to Constantinople. Herlln
; to the situation there cannot safely be ! Is showing a arateful feeling over the
"Th small amount of space given by
all the newspapers to the western war
theater apparently Is Indicative of a feel- , and children at the Tslng-Tau garrison,
ing that the central rolnt of Interest still "The official publication of the German
la In Poland, and that the stnigRle tn tha socialist trade union, the greatest work
west lias settled down into a monotonous men's association, reviewing the year 1!H,
endurance test. I
"The newspapers profess to have ro- , out and e shall do so. Our confidence
reived information that the KngUrh In Is baaed not only on the strength, or
thelr recent raid on I'uxhaven did abso- ganlxatlon and execution of discipline. In
lutely no damage. It Is lie He veil that four i the Briny, but also on the love of coun-
of the Kngllsh aeroplanes were lost; that I
the cruUer Arethusa was badly damaged
,nd another cruiser somewhat damaged I
by German bombs. In addition. It Is be
lieved two British torpedo boat destroy,
ere were damaged.
"The Tanlun ta Constantinople news-
Demolish Several German Fortifica
tions on Plateau of Touvenl
from Oise to Meuse.
Two Uermaa C'hnrsrra Near I.a Urnlre
Are Failures and French F.asllr
Maintain Former Gains la
l'pper Alsace- Region.
PARIS, Jan. S. The French official
statement Issued this afternoon says:
"During the day of January 1 we
strengthened the position to tha north of
the I.ys gained during the preceding days.
The enemy has shown activity only In
the region of Zonnebeke, which he has
violently bombarded. From the Lys to
Arras there Is almost complete quiet.
"There was an artillery engagement In
the region of Albert and Roye. and our
Infantry advanced some 500 meters near
La Bolsseile.
Demolish Fortifications.
"From the Olse to the Meuse on the
plateau .of Touvenl our heavy artillery
has demolished several fortifications from
which the enemy was harrasslng our
sappers. .
"Spirited artillery duels have taken
place to the wesit and east of Craonne.
Near Perthe-Ies-Hurlus we have pro
gressed about 300 meters. Near Beause
Jour there has been Infantry fighting' In
which we have Inflicted serious losses on
the enemy. .
"The Germans have launched two at
tacks without success In the forest of La
Grulre. On all this portion of the front
tho artillery ha shown everywhere great
"In the region of Verdun and on the
heights of the Meuse there wus an ar
tillery duel. We have again gained a
little ground In the forest of liuuehon,
northeast of Troyon, and In the forest of
La Pretre. northwest of Pont-A-Mouson.
Ooconr Enemy's Trenches.
"In the Vosges we have occupied one of
the enemy's trenches. Artillery engage
ments have taken place In the Dan lie
Sapt and In the valley of the Kave.
"In upper Alsace our former gains In
the region of Thann have been main
tained. We have bombarded a German
train In the railway ststlon of Altklrch
and caused some damage on the railway
between Csrspach and Dlerssiach, to the
southwest of Altklrch.
"In general, the perceptible abatement
which can be noted In our active offen
she should be attributed to the Incesnant
rains, which soak the ground and make
operations everywhere almost Impossible,
Weather Contlnnea Rnd.
The following official communication
was issued tonight:
"According to the latest advices re
ceived here, there lias lieen no al
teration In the situation.
"Tho weather continues to be ery bad
on fclmnst the whole front."
Turkish War Office
Reports Capture of
Large Russian Town
don, :10 p. m.). The Turkish war office
today gave out the following statement:
"Our troops took Ardahan (a Rusnlnn
fortified town In Transcaucasia forty-five
miles northwest of Kars) on January 1.
Ardahan was defended by Oeneral Zachen
with 3.000 Infantry, l.ono Cossacks, six
field guns snd two machine guns.
"The battle for the town, which com
menced December 29, ended In the flight
of the Russians, who lost heavily.
"Our troops, in conjunction with Persian
tribesmen, hve completely defeated 4.0J0
Russians, who had more than ten cannon,
ten miles northwest of Haonjbiilak. Four
hundred Russians were killed and they
lost six cannon.
"According to leporta from Erxerum.
Turkish Armenia, great transports of
Russlsn prisoners from the latest battles
are on the way there."
Turks Take Ardahan,
In Russian Caucasus
LONDON. Jan. 3 "The Turks have oc
cupied Ardahan. penetrating fifty miles
into the Russian Caucasus." says the
Constantinople correspondent of tho Ex
change Telegraph company.
Ardahan is a fortified town on tha
Kur. forty-five miles northwest of Kars,
in Transcaucasia. Fighting between the
Turks and Russians has been going on
ia the region of Ardahan for several days.
PETROQRAD, Jan. t (via London).
Ottoman troops are showing renewed
activity In the Caucasus, the Turks hav
ing crossed the Russian frontier at three
tiople and acting TurklHh minister of war.
tthu expresses confidence over the out-
look fur Turkey. In the lntei ov Field
Maishal von der Units declares the Turk-
M army lias made ureal progress since
j IT-ll.'l . Illl II tllV lllll-Ill l'Pl UTrMT'l
i here say la being given by the German
I..L. .1.. I . . I . .
residents In China to the destitute women
says: 'We know that we have to hold)
try that unites all Germans without ex-
'cepllon. If the war keeps on for months
or for years It
years It will merely forge tne na
tion Into more united solidarity and In
crease Its forces Immeasurably. The Ger
mans will emerge from the world war the
strongest of the belligerents.' "
Succeed in the Taking of Specially
Strengthened Point in 'Appui of
Russians at Borgimow.
Rnsalnns Attempt tn Retnke l'osl
tlon In Three Msht Attacks, hat
Are Driven Rack, Ballerina
Heavy Losses.
BERLIN, Jan. 3 (by wireless to London,
130 p. m.). The official statement Issued
today by the German army headquarters
"Western theater: Home of the enemy's
ships, accompanied by torpedo boats, ap
peared off Westende (Belgium) yesterday
afternoon, without firing.
"On the whole of the western front ar
tillery fights took place. An Infantry at
tack by the enemy followed to the north
of Ht. Menhould (In the Argonue forest).
It was beaten oft with severe losses to
the French.
"In East Prusals and In North Poland
there Is no change In the situation.
Take Russian Position. ,
"To the west of the Vistula river out
troops succeeded in taking a specially
strengthened point In the 'Appul of tho
Russians at Borgimow after several days
of very hard fighting In which we cap
tured l,0n0 prisoners and six machine
guns. In three night attacks th Russians
attempted to retake Borgimow, but they
were all driven off with h'avy losses.
"To the east of the Rawka river ourjmina throwers are trumps. Instead of the
attack is proceeding steadily. soldiers" legs. The mine throwers are
"The Russians several times have re-j particularly effective although the heavy
ported successes In the vicinity of Inow- artillery is handicapped by weather con
lods, on the Pilica river seven miles eaatidltlons and the short days which make
of Tomassow. These are pure inventions.
Russian attacks In that district were re-
pulsed with heavy losses to them, and
yesterday they ceased to attack the post
"On the east of th Plllca river tho
situation Is unchanged."
Conscription is
In Sight for the
Men of England
LONDON, Jsn. 8. A hint that the
British government contemplated the In
troduction of conscription for Increasing
the army and navy was dropped by
Th6maa J. MacNamara, parliamentary
secretary to the admiralty while speak
ing at the Browning settlement this aft
ernoon. Referring to the fart that there were
many thnusunds of young men In the
t'nlted Kingdom without dependent who
had not answered the call to the colors,
Mr. MacNamara said:
"If they think they are going to enjoy
a life of freedom at the other fellows'
expense, they won't enjoy It much
The lecruiting boom which commenced
after the holidays continues. As the re
sult of six open air meetings at Cardiff,
addressed by wounded soldiers, there was
an extraordinary rush to the recruiting
offices last evening and the recruiting
officers were kept huy until uu early
hour this morning. At one meeting alone,
6.u0 men bared their heads when the
nutlonal anthems of the allies were sung
Bullet-Proof Armor
Of No Value at All
viun i ti, ...r.i .t.
Ing the Eighteenth Herman army corp. I "r(1"n "" machine guns,
has, according to the Paris Temps. Issued . Mlern ntlng continues
the following notice to his troops: "lon of Oorllce. In the region
"Bullet-proof armor, of which various i ' ColuJok occupied Austrian positions,
models have- been placed on sale and where w touk "'"" 1000 Prisoners,
actively advertised, does not give at all "T,le Au"l'lan letreat in Bukowlna be
the protection promised. On (he contrary. ! fore ,he dHvo of onr rn lias taken th
upon exposu:e to tiro It Is .shown that
the armor, Inatead of protecting, becomes
Itself the csuse of grave wounds to thoso
make the suldier's work more difficult. ;
It la necessary to Issue this caution
against worthless purchases." j
Blease Opens Pen
Doors "Some More"
OJA'MBIA, S. C. Jan. 3. Governor
Blease today Increased the number ot his
holiday pardons, paroles and commuta
tions to 170 by acting favorably in thi
cases of seven! y-oue state prisoners. To
day's list Included thirty-three prisoners
serving life term for murder. Two were
pardoned, three paroled and the sentences
of twenty-eight commuted.
Within the last four years the governor
has granted clemency In 1.S14 cases. The
state penitentiary and state convict
farms have been almost depopulated.
Mine Thrower Used by Germans in
Poland Most Terrible Weapon
of All to Victims.
Projectile Can Be Plainly Followed
with Eye and Tension on Men
in trenches Dreadful.
Associated Press Correspondent
with German Armies at Posen
Describes Fighting.
j Struggle Along Heavily Entrenched
Line of Field Fortifications.
Rattle "tatloanrr la Mans- Place
Along; Front In East. Rapid
Movements Not Now Char
acterising Warfare.
POSEX. Germany, Jan. 3. (Via
Herlln and The Hague to London.)
The battle la now stationary at
many parts of the long front tn
Poland. The rapid movements of the
army forward and backward, with
kaleidoscopic changes In the situa
tion, which hitherto hav character
ised tha warfare In the east have
given place, for the Urn being at
least to a stiuggle along a heavily
entrenched line of field fortlfcatlons.
resembling those in Franco.
The German and Austrian allies are
In close contact with th army of Grand
Duke Nicholas, but they are engaged
In sapping Instead of maneuvering their
way forward.
Fight .Foot by Foot.
Iurlng the fortnight which a corre
spondent of The Associated Press spent
at the front attached to the staff of one
division In the battle line along the
Hawka river, the operations were marked
by advances of from to to twelve miles
In a few places, but In general the In
fantry Is fighting its way foot by foot
with the aid ot artillery support.
' In these operations the ariillerv .(
observations and the direction of the
fire possible only for short periods, the
i minute mine throwers are busy day and
nignt nuning projectiles of 300 Dounds
of high explosives from trench to trench
at a range fiat Is very effective
Wobble Thronah Air.
During the comparatively short time
one of these huge missile is In view, wob
bling through the air along an erratic
parabola, the sight is most Impressive.
The projectile can be plainly followed
with the eye. and the tension upon the
men In the trenches as the bomb comes
nearer and nearer is beyond all compari
son to the effect caused by heavy artil
lery shells, which are unseen until the
explosion throws up a column of earth
and scatters the fragments of th shell
in an directions.
Russian prlsloners, of whom there is a
constant stream moving through the Ger
man lines, stated to th correspondent that
the leading of each mine causes a catas
trophic in the trenches and their vicin
ity, as Its victims are torn to bits.
Austrian Retreat
Takes Character of
Rout, Say Russians
PETROGRAD. Jan. S.-Th following
statement was Issued today by th Rus
sian army headquarters:
"On the Bxura and Rawka river we
are continuing the successful repulse of
German attacks In spite of the enemy1!
heavy artillery fh and bomb throwing.
"On the road to Wlosxcsow in the
Klelce region, at the village of Lopuszno,
on December 31. German troops after a
stubborn battle took possession of a por
tion of our trenches, but a Is ter counter
attack forced the enemy to abandon all
the trenches previously occupied. During
II, ! utfmlr v. .... . .. 1 . .... .
"v"i"i swverai nunareu
! inaracter or. a great rout. '
I .ON DON, Jan. 3. -The situation in Al
bunla is much worr. The Insurgents are
said to have occupied Derat and to be
marching on Dlbra.
This statement Is mnda by the Athens
I correspondent of the Reuter Telegraph
company, who also aends the following:
! "The authorities at the Dardanelles
have expelled all the consuls of neutral
countries and also those of Austria
PKTROGItAD (Via London). Jan. S.
The Rubslan army under General Radko
Dlinlt-leff has captured 12.57 Austrians
and forty-five machine gun during th
last fortnight, according to an IfloiaJ aa-
nouncement gives out here.