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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 3, 1914)
WILE AW AT FROM BOMS
The Dee is The Paper
us f if yeu plan t be
esoeat am Uian a fw aeys,
e Ta Bee MUM te you.
The OmahA' Daily Bee
VOL. XLIV NO. 144.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORXIXfl, DECEMBER 3, 1914-TWEIA'E PAdKS.
Oa Trains and at
totals Hews standi, Bo.
SIXOLK. COPY TNYO CENTS.
III TERROR AS MOB
FILLS THE STREETS
'Arrival of Zapata and Villa Troops
Followi a Trying Week for
1 City. People.
"ANARCHY AND LOOTING FEARED
INDIAN TROOFS IN EUROPEAN WAR Group of the
British Indian soldiers smoking during a lull in their mar
AGAIN OCCUPIED BY
Southern Bandit Chief Feeli Lost
and Soon Beats It for the
IS FOUND SITTING UPON FLOOR
ExoeUent Order Now Being Main
tained, It Is Said.
TELEGRAPH. SERVICE RESTORED
Wire) Communication RftwrM the
Metropolis and City oa Ameri
ca Border Resumed and
Detail Come to Light.
Bryan Consults Schwab on Building
Submarine Boats for the Belligerents
MEXICO CITY. Nov. S0.-(Via El Pao
Junction, Dec. 2, delayed by censor.) The
arrlral of the troops of General Francisco
Villa, from the north and of General
Emlllano Zapata from the south has been
followed by comparative calm In Mexico
K.11J arier one 01 me most trying weens
In Its Ions; history. For a time It vu
feared that the city, stripped of its de
fenders, would be given over to anarchy
and loot, hut prompt action of volunteer
guard, reinforced by troops which ar
rived In the nick of time, put an end to
General Villa has given every guarantee
that life and property will be safe
guarded, and thus far his promises have
been carried out
Isolated One Week.
For- one week Mexico City has been
Isolated from the outside world so far as
concerned the transmission of press dis
patches. Today communication was re
stored by a single wire stretching f r l
the capital to El Paso, and It is possilt
to recount In some detail the story of the
last Tew days, only fragments of which
hitherto have passed beyond the border.
When General Luclo Blanco left the
city early on Tuesday morning, Novem
ber 24, few of the Inhabitants knew of
his departure. Toward not heavy firing
was heard in the neighboring suburbs,
which are concentrated In the vicinity of
Chapultopec castle and near the edge of
the American colony. Here the retreat
ing forces of General Blanco were de
serted by their chief. They fought with
the advance guards of the army of Gen
eral Emlllano Zapata. During these en
gagements sixty men were killed and
Blanco's men retreated north through
' Ordered to Leave City.
It then became geenrally known thai
General Car ran la had ordered both Gen
eral Obregon and General Blanoo to leave
-4htty with all their men. The, order1
also called for the disarmament and the
dissolution of the entire police force. '
As Zapata forces had not yet penetrated
the city proper, and' as the plan of the
constitutionalists called for the complete
abandonment of th capital, when the
order f.o dissolve the police force became
known,. fear and rase divided the feelings
of the business and residential communi
ties. Stores and banks were, immediately
dosed and have so remained. Foreigners
as well as Mexicans kept close to their
homes. : , .
At 5 o'clock Tuesday huge mobs began
forming In front of the national palace.
It was evident that serious trouble was
brewing and the streets were cleared of
. all save the rioters. With eric's of "to
the arms stores; there are no police,"
the crowds ran from the open plasa to
' the places designated on the Avenue lfth
Hand Oat Weapon.
Here the leaders forced the doors of
one of the largest establishments selling
arms and ammunition and handed out
the weapons to the waiting throngs. With
these the rioters rushed down the streets,
firing as they went.
V VLT' n VS f
...... i ,j
t . . f J TV
7? V "" . I
.a ST l ..-JP-a . .....-.?- ..am us
Belgrade Captured by Armies of Dual
Monarchy, According to Tele
gram to Emperor.
; GENERAL FRANK SENDS MESSAGE
I Commander of the Fifth Corps An
nounces Takinp of City on the
Save by His Soldiers.
! PLACE REACHED ONCE BEFORE
I Warriors of Francis Joseph Unable
j Then to Hold It
GOVERNMENT SEAT TO NISH
j Adtanre (if Invaders Makea Ponltlnn
of Defenders llasardoaa One
j and Kvarnatlon
j tlKXNA. Via I-ond.n. Iec. 3 Aus
trian troops toilsy occupied llolarade,
; The nrcipatkn og the city wns an-
nounced In a telegram to Hmpemr
i Krancla Joseph from General Frnnk,
i commander of the Fifth army con. The
On the occasion of the slxty-siath an
inlverssry of your reign, permit me to lay
I at your feet the Information that Bel
j grade was today occupied by the Fifth
: army corps."
WANT RECALL ON
Friends of Mayor Dahlman Will Ask
Legislature to Take Some Action
( - for a Change,
TO HAVE CITY AUDIT BOOKS
WUl Also Ask Sewer Bond Fund Be
Doubled Mayar Says Progres
siva Legislation, la What ,
A recall provision in the metropolitan
water district bill is being prepared by
city ' commissioners and will be intro
duced at the coming session of the legis
lature by Mayor James C. Dahlman's
friends who have been elected to the leg
islature. The mayor will also ask the legislature
to amend the water district bill to pro
vide for quarterly reports from the water
commissioners to the city commission. An
audit of the Water board's books by an
expert appointed by the city will be
another amendment introduced.
A third request of the legislature by
the nayor will be an amendment to the
water district bill giving the city control
of its streets and compelling the Water
board to put up bond to repair streets In
which water mains are laid.
To Iaerease Hewer Bond Fnnd.
City council men will hold a meeting
soon and these amendments will be
agreed upon. Along with these amend
ments another will be drafted providing
for an increase In the sewer bond fund
from SlOO.OOi to $200,000 for "several years."
"This ' is progressive, necessary legia-
OMAHA POSTAL GAIN
Local Office Shows an Increase of
Over Twelve Per Cent1 During
IN SPITE OF EUROPEAN WAR
latlon," Eald the mayor. "And the dem-
The telephone lines connecting the capi- ocratlc legislature Is pledged to such leg
tal with the suburbs had been busily i Islation.
working, however, and the Zapata forces
on the outskirts were asked to come into
the city without regard for the arrange
ments they had made with the northern
era. The Zapata troops responded
Meanwhile the students of the city had
met and had decided to arm themselves
and dispurse the mobs If no assistance;
came from the besieging soldiers on the j
(Continued on Page Two,' Column Two.)
"If the legislature refuses to pass these
amendments then 1 v. Ill call for another
charter commission election and another
attempt will be made to prepare a boms
Forecast till 7 p. m. Thursday:
For Omaha. Council Bluffs and Vicinity
Two More Arrests
in Kidnaping Case
Bl'TTE, Mont., Iec. 2 Two more ar-
j rests those of Joseph. Harklns and Frank
j Little were announced here today In
! connection with kidnaping cases grow
ing from the factional . troubles among
Butte miners last summer.
Bert RUey. president of- the Butte min
ers' local No. 1 of the Western Federa-
j .lull V .iiiuuit, dui i -unpiru iiiiiistrii yrv-
i ; ten'ay upon learning that there was a
21 j warrant for his arrest. rn trick Sullivan,
H ' fourth man, ha been missing since a
f7 I warrant charging him, with assault was
?S Issued some weeks ago.
T rater day.
6 a. in
t a. in
T a. iu
8 a. m
9 a. in
' ! Issued some weeks ago.
li m... ............... as All these men are charged with k!d-
1 p. m 40 naplng Bert J. Leduc, a shift boss, June T.
3 p. m..
4 p. in. .
I p. in..
5 p. m..
7 p. in..
S p. m..
Even Though Large Amount of Bnsl
neas Waa Curtailed by the
Great Conflict the Effect '
-- la Ovorshadewd.- --- -
A gain of 12.7 percent in the postal
receipts at the Omaha postofflce for the
month of November over the receipts for
the same month in 1913, Is shown by the
report Just made by Postmaster John C.
Wharton to Daniel C. Roper, first as
sistant postmaster general at Washington.
The . total receipts for stamps and
stamped envelopes sold at the local poet
office last month were $11,003.R3, as com
pared to S101.isn.56 a year ago. Speaking
of the handsome Increase, Postmaster
"In addition to indicating that an Im
mense business Is done by the Omaha
postofflce, the report shows that Omaha
Is growing wonderfully In a business
way in spite of complaints of some peo
ple, who say that business Is not up to
standard on account of general stagna
tion and the European war.
la Spite of War.
"Although the war is raging and for
eign parcel post had. been almost en
tirely suspended until December 1, and
in aplto of the complaints of bankers and
financiers In the east. Omaha through
Its potoffloe has shown that business
out. here In ' the great middle ( west has
Increased rather than diminished.
- 'The gain of S1S.820.07 In local ' postal
recalpls for' November, 1914, over Novem
ber. 1913, Is not temporary, either. The
October record also shows a galnof al
most 10 per. cent over the previous year."
The city of Belgrade, which was the
capital of Scrvla until the seat of gov
ernment was removed shortly after thw
outbreak of the war. hni been under at
tack by the Austrian much of the time
for the last four months. Early In August.
'Austrian troop reached the city, but
were unable to hold it. The advance of a
new Austrian army through Kervla during
the last fortnight made the position of
the 8ervlan troops in Belgrade a hsxard-
ous pne and early today It was ic ported
from Sofia, Bulgaria, that the city had
Servians Forced Baelu ,
PARIS, Dec. 2. Semi-official advices
received today by the Havaa agency from
Nlsh, contain the admission that tha
Austrians have won further victories In
Servla. After a number of rear guard
actions during the last few days, the Ser
vian troops were forced to fall back on
December 1 from the region around Oud
Itze and Koclertch. The retreat, it is
said, was made In good order.
Heavy fighting has oocurred near
Souvabor, where the Austrians concen
trated large forces and succeeded In cap
turing two important points.
The fighting along the Kolubara river
la said to have been attended with soaie
ucceasiQr the."rv1.ns. Jn. aa engage
ment near Lasarevatx, on November 2S,
'the Servians are reported to have taken
positions of the enemy, capturing twenty
seven offlcrs and about 2,000 men.
Aviator is Killed
Trying to Loop the
Loop in Monoplane
. LOS ANGELES, Cal., Dec. 2. Thomas
J. Hill, an aviator, years of age, was
killed today near Venice, a suburb,
while looplng-the-loop. Hill had success
fully performed the feat of turning over
his aeroplane and was righting his ma
chine, when It suddenly started falling
from a height of 2,000 feet Hill waa
found crushed to death under the
machine. The aviator was an Instructor
tor an aviation school.
Kill attempted his looplng-the-loop In a
monoplane and Just before his flight
said he wanted to ba the first man in
America to accomplish the feat, as It al
ways had been done In a' biplane before.
Europe Not Ready
for Peace Yet, Says
' Ambassador White
Belgian Premier's Son "
is Killed in Battle
LONDON, Doc. 2.-Telt graphing from
Amsterdam, the correspondent of Reu
ter's Telgram company says that one
son of M. DeUroqueville, the Beliclun .
WASHINGTON, Dec. 1 Henry White,
former ambassador to France, and who
I recently returned from Germany, dls
! cussed the European situation today with
i "Europe Is not ready for peace yet,"
: said Mr. White. "There Is not tha slight
est chance at present of getting a hear-
premier, has been killed In battle, and It j lnK for auggestlons of peace. That time
is rumored that a second son also has ! come later, and then It will be time
lost his 'life In action. ' for the I'nlted States to act."
WASHING! TON. Deo. 2. - Secretary
liryan today Invited Charles M. Schwab,
president of the Bethlehem Steel com
pany, to the State department and pave
hliu the views of the American govern
ment on 'the building of submarines In
this country for European belligerents.
Mr. Bryan declined to disclose the posi
tion of the American government. He
declared the question was not yet con
cluded, but "under consideration." Mr.
Schwab, accompanied by two assistants,
also refused to discuss their mission.
"Mr. Schwab came," said Mr. Bryan.
"In response to our Inquiry concerning
the manufacture In this country of ships
or materials for ship building."
Recent reports that the ltethlehem Steel
company had contracted to build sub
marines which would be shipped abroad In
sections, have been denied and partially
The visit of Mr. Schwab, however, re
vealed that the State department had
tuken offl.'.al cognlcance of the suboct.
although Secretary llryan announced yes
terday thnt government agents, after a
thorough in estlKHtlon, bad been unable
to learn thst any work was being done
anv where In this country in the construc
tion of foreign warships or parts thereof.
It was believed, however, that the State
department deslrcl to consult with the
steel company officials so there would
lw no violation of neutrality if contracts
were taken. While the export of muni
tions of w ar, such-as guns, shells or am
munition, is not prohibited by the neu
trality laws, tho fitting out of warships
or any armed expedition from American
soil would he considered a vloliitlon.
During tho Husso-Japanese war, how
ever, an American firm built the parts of
several submarines, consigned them to
Its own agency In Russia and then sold
them to the Russian government. Al
though the transaction was kept secret
until tho shipment was concluded. It was
generally held at that time that no law
had been violated.
ARMY FROM TRAP
Kaiser's Commander at Lodz Suc
ceeds in Saving Force After the
Enemy Encircled It.
RESULT STILL IN THE BALANCE
Reports from Rival Headquarters
Do Not Indicate Victory for
FAIL TO CAPTURE WARSAW
Attempt of Germans to Retake the
Trenches Lost Earlier in the
THREE BATTERIES DAMAGED
French Troops Capture, t'hautrau,
Park and Several Trenches at
Village of Vej-melles All
Quiet In Vosgea.
PARIS. Dee. 2-The French War of
fice gave out an official announcement
In Paris, tills afternoon as follows:
"In tho region to the south of Yprea
and 6ainl Eloy an attack of the enemy
against an entrenchment taken by our
troops during tho day was repulsed by
us. Our artillery Inflicted diunagn on a
group of three batteries of heavy artil
lery of the enemy.
"At Vermellcs the chateau and the
park aurroundlng It, two houses In tho
village and some trenches were bril
liantly occupied by our forces.
"There has been spirited artillery ex
change In the vicinity of Fay, to the
southwest of Peronne.
"In . tho region lietween Vcndresse
Craonne there has" been a violent bom
bardment, to which the French artillery
replied with success, accomplishing the
destruction of a battery.
"In the Argonne a German attack
against Fontaine Madame waa repulsed,
and we made some progress In the oc
cupation of a trench In tha forest of
Courtes Chaussoes, and a minor fortified
position near St. Ilubert
"On the heights of tha M.euse, in tha
Woavre district, and In tha Vosges there
Is nothing, te raport" . ....
Russia Victory al Wwlni,
PE3TROORAD, Dec. 1-An official com
munication issued from general head
quarters last night says;
"On the left bank of the river Vistula,
In the region of Lodz, the action con
tinued to develop on November 30, the
attacks of the enemy being directed prin
cipally against the front between Biel
awy and Sobota. To the north of Lowlcz
our offensive was crowned with suooess.
In the region of Lodz the artllldry action
has been very energetic.
"On the left wing re oonno1 usance during
the last few days disclosed the fact that
the concentration of Gorman contingents
from Kallsz in the direction of Pleradz
has been very considerable."
On November SO the enemy resumed
the offensive near Slerads and In the
region of L&sk. Our advance guard en
gaged In a fierce combat which lasted
'To the south after a battle we took
possession of Szertsoff, where a Prussian
Infantry brigade with five batteries waa
dislodged and fled In disorder. t
On the other fronts there Is ao es
"At Block, besles the four barges al
ready mentioned, we took five steamboats
and a barge loaded with cartridges.
"In Bukowlna we captured considerable
A ivtmmllnlriillnil elvA1 fmm " t Vi
Caucasus reports there was no action of
Importance on November SO."
Official reports concerning tho
campaign tp Husslan Poland,
which wpro available In the
dispatches still failed to make
clear the confused situation In the
east, where for days a great Rus
sian victory hag been claimed In
unofficial advices from Petrograd
Earl Kitchener's statement in
the House of Commons that the
Germans had suffered the great
est disaster In their history, ro
malned open to challenge by Ber
lin. It Is said that powerful
Teuton armies, driven on to des
perate efforts by the porll of their
!OHltlon. have cut their way
through solid lines of enveloping
Russians. What it has cost Baa
not yet been told, but It Is Indi
cated that the Germans, In extri
cating' themselves have Inflicted
enormous fosses on the enemy.
If It is true that the Germana ,
fcave freed themselves from the
present danger of a crushing de
feat in Poland, the situation to .
the north and south is still pict
ured as menacing to them. The
Importance of the campaign to
the north is indicated by the fact
that Emperor William has gone
Into east Prussia to direct per
sonally the movements against
the Invading Russians. Nowhere,
else Is German territory "threat-
ened by an invading army, except
in a small part of Alsace, which
hag been help by the French since
the early days of the war. To the
south, in Oallcla. also the Rus
sians are reported to be pressing
forward victorious, surrounding
. Cracow on all sides.
Quick Delivery for j Belgian Relief Fund
Gifts from America i Received at Lincoln
GENOA. Dec. J.-(Vla Home.) -The !
American consul general. Dr. John Kd-! ' Kollow,n u ,he i01"1 of the Belgian
ward Jones, baa made all arrangements rellef rund M received at Lincoln head
wlth the proper authorities for the free quarter,:
and speedy transportation by rail of the' Anl2unI,?J, ''bs.Tlptlons previously re
i ..,-(. -w..-.T ... . ... t ported. 3Ml.Ot. New subscriptions re
American Christmas gifts to the orphana ported to Belgian fund committee, W. C.
of Austria snd Germany. Wilson, treasurer, Lincoln, December 2,
Comparative Local Heeoru.
1914. IK 13. ltll. lttll.
Highest yesterday 43 il il 61
Jxjweat yesteraay H la 21
Mean temperaluie H M ' !A 41
Precipitation Ou .14 . Mi
Temperature and procipilation depar
tures from the normal:
Normal temierature 31
Excess for the day t ;
Total exces since March 1 &4i
Normal precipitation Winch
lieficiency tur the day 01 inch
Total rainfall sliue M:nch 1 I-4.4J Inches
Deficiency alnce March 1 3.96 Inches
Prisoner in New York Penitentiary
Volunteers as a Cancer Victim
1'he Matinee Musical, Lincoln $50.00
!K. T. Moore. Liberty t.fco
I Union Thanksgiving service, Kcott's
j Bluff, reported by Thomas A. Os-
r. and Mrs. O. W. Hays. Goodwin. 3.')
PROFESSOR SMITH OF IOWA
UNIVERSITY CRITICALLY ILL
TOW A CTTT. Ia.. Dec. i (Special Tele
gram.) University of Iowa students were
saddened tonight by the announoeme-y
that Prof. A. C. Smith, head of athletics
here, and head of the rules committee of
the Big Nine, had been taken to the Uni
versity hospital In a critical condition
from a complication of diseases. Ills re
covery Is doubtful. V- .
; 5 BILLION MARKS
With One Dissenting- Voice, German
Parliament Grants War Credit
for Enormous Amount
SOCIALIST REGISTERS PROTEST
President Bays Japan Joined Foes
from Desire) to Seise Monument
of Teuton Culture, la
B Hit LIN (Vffl. Amsterdam to London),
Deo. 2. With only on dissenting vote,
that of Herr Llebkneoht, socialist, the
Reichstag today voted a new war credit
of ts.ooo.ono.ono marks (11,200,000.000).
, The preslden of the chamber at the
opening of the sitting dwelt In a speech
on tho unity and patriotism of the Ger
man people, and commented apprecia
tively on the large number of members
of the Relchstsg who are now serving
In his explanation of the position of
the war the president said:
"Japan joined our enemies from a de
sire to seize' as booty the monument to
German culture in the far east. On tha
(Continued ou Page Two, Column Five.)
Little Human Interest Stories of
the Big World War Now Raging
NEW YORK. Dec. "i-In a letter to
Thomas llott Osborne, the new warden
of ding ding prison, a life prisoner In the
prison at Auburn, N. Y.. offers himself
as a sacrifice for Inoculation with cancer
germs to ascertain whether the disease
Is contag.ous. The new warden of King
81ng prison, whose home in Auburn and
who was closely associated with reforms
liericiency lor cor. penoo. i a . . ,i mcnes m Auburn prison, stated that he knew
Hl 11 1 11- J ivr vv f-1 ". , .........
' Reports from Stations at T P. M.
Station and elate Tamp. High- Bain
of Weather. i p. in. eat. fall.
Cheyenne, clear 22
Davenport, cloudy 3U
Denver, clear H
lies Moines, cloudy M
North Platte, clear H
Omaha, cleat Si
Hapid City, part cloudy.. i
Sheridan, clear .i
Sioux City, clear W
Valentine, clear 40
X A, WELSH. Local Forecaster.
the prinoner well and vouched fully for
"lie is a man of better than tha average
education of refinement and had a family
of great esteem." Wurden Osborne ex
plained last night. "He erred and was
sent to Au'uunt for life. The prisoner has
read much on medical matters and has
been Intensely Interested In cancer re
search. His hope Is also that his sac
rifice will benefit tha many sufferers
race M K. church l.inenln
IF. J. Rlcha da. Lincoln......
W. A. Selllck, Lincoln
'George Itisdon. Lincoln
Warden Osborne aald that he would 1 Oeorge II. llolden. Lincoln
take up the case jllh the new attorney 1 Dudley Cook. Lincoln
became known that this man offered l.:m-I P. k. Haymaker. IJncoln
self for the same purpose a year ago, but! Grace M. K. church, Lincoln
Attorney General Carmody ruled thatiMr' H'' Hatcliff, Trenton
Y"kflT:d not VHR'ni':::::::::::::::
Warden Osborne officially took up his : a. . i.tion ..f t-.,iie,.. nm...
new duties yesterday. He met a few Lincoln K.nO
Prisoners whom he described as "friends ; K- Marvin. Beatrice l.Jj
I met while serving my experimental 1 V-
term in Auburn." The warden also met
fifty members of the Golden Rule Broth
erhood, a prison organization, which ia
expected to put all prisoners on their
honor through their co-operation.
Tha new warden stated that be planned
to extend the personal liberty of tho
convicts and to give them more recrea- j
tlon In the hope of strengthening them
physically and thereby Improving their
mentality. v J
HALKHM AN Prefer one who is now
employed; must come well rruurn
mendatd and will pay 1200 or mora;
depends on ability; only those exper
ienced In heavy hardware need
Tor farther Information about
this opportunity, see the Want Ad
Seotioa of today's Bee.
Will Vote Over Billion.
BERLIN, Deo. 2 (via LoniUn.)-The
Relcbstag meets tomorrow for the pur
pose of voting a war credit of 6,000.000,000
.a. n.A.,. rl J rtn Hot h ITlMnn-
i marxs tji.ijw.vuu.Mw. . -
! Hollweg. the Imperial chancellor, con
ferred today with the leaders or ine vari
ous partlea. explaining the military and
financial situation. He first received the
socialist leaders. It Is expected that the
war credit will be alopted unanimously.
! Rewards for Raprlt de Corps.
LONDON, lec. 2. The distinguished
service order has been awarded to fifty
nine officers of all arms from the special
reserves to tha guards. Thirty-nine of
them have been given lieutenants or sec
ond lleutenuiits. The rewards have been
made for such ressor. as "cheerfulness
and optimism, "helping the brigade to
pull together." "consistent good work"
and ' Utmost gallantry."
Police llraervra reded.
NEW YORK, Dec. 2. Pol'ce reserves
were needed this af tcrnoon to restrain
the crowds which besiege 1 the I'nlted
States Internal revenue offloera bera In
attempts to buy the new war tax stamps.
Ko fierce a rush waa made for the atamp
windows that the policemen on duty
could not cope with It. By the effort
of the reserves the crowd was brought
to order again and the sale continued
until all wbo remained In line had ob
Poeketkalvrs for Moldlera.
NEWUI RGH, N. T., Dec. 2. -One of
the great knife factories at Walden,
N. Y., today announced the receipt of a
large order from tha British government
to make pocket knives for English sol
diers and sutlers. This factory will work
with an increased force for many months
on tho contract.
Corns Bark for Good.
PARIS, Deo. 2. General Joffre during
a recent visit to Thann, welcomed In tbe
name of France the Alsatians gathered
there. "We have come back for good,"
declared General Joffre, "you are French
men forever." The cltlzena of Thann
gave General Joffre assuraffoe of their
absolute loyalty, It Is said, and when he
waa leaving shouted. "Long live France!
long live French Alsace!"
German Tactical Campaign Aimed at
the Capital of Russian Poland
AUSTRIAN ARMY IS INACTIVE
Vienna Reports v Capture of Many
Prisoners and Cannon.
BIG ARMY ON SERVIAN FRONTIER
Servians Hoping- Rnsslans Will At.
tark Dndapeat and Draw Away
tbe lit a Army Invading
LONDON, Dec. 2. In a dispatch,
from Sofia, Bulgaria, the correspond
ent of Reuter's Telegram company
says reports received there Indicate
that the situation In Servla is critical.
The Servian army, it ia declared, has
been withdrawn from Belgrade and
telegraphic communication between
Belgrade and Nlsh, the present loca
tion of the capital, has been Inter
rupted. LONDON, Dec 2. Russian Po
land still Is the center of Interest In
the war sttuntlon, so far as military
operations are concerned. Reports
from the rival headquarters Indicate
that any decisive result on either
Ride ' Is still In the balance, 'al
though on the face of tbe known
facts the conviction is growing that
the German General Mackenzen has
done at Lods what Baialne In the
Franco-Prussian war failed to do at
Metz, he Ji amoved his army after It
iwas encircled by the enemy:
But It Is equally clear that the
German tactical plan for the taking
of Warsaw again has failed, accord
ing to prevailing opinion fu England.
Whether a counter-Invasion of Silesia
has been rendered Impossible for the
present remains to be seen.
Austrian Armies Inactive.
Little activity along the Austrian front
Is reported. An exception la the asser
tion from Vienna of an Austrian victory,
with the capture of quantities of prison
ers and munitions of war along the line,
but there la nothing to Indicate that Rus
sia has given way in its evident inten
tion of invading the rich German prov
inces of Cracow. Later official reports
from Vienna declared that calm prevailed
on the Cracow front, but that the fight
ing continued In tha Caruathtans.
Servian eyes are turned hopefully in
the direction of these mountains, in tha
expectation of seeing soon a Russian
force under the walls oT Budapest. This
would relieve the pressure being exerted
against Servla by 600,000 Austrian troops,
who have forced the Servians back into '
strong defensive positions within their
own borders . ,
Germans Admit Heavy Loeaes.
Army headquartera In Berlin report a
deaperate three days' battle in Poland,
accompanied by a successful effort on
the part of the Germans to break through
tho Russian wing. The Gorman report
admits heavy losses, but saya there la
the consolation of having Inflicted severe
punishment on the enemy.
According to dispatches reaching here
from Petrograd, Lowlcs and Lodz still
are critical pointa In the fighting in
(Continued on Page Two, Column lx.)
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