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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 20, 1914)
V "inn omi: j,uU,' llhiSUA. Ut'ilhii ' :!., liU4.
Voies for Jffimen ?
Thl comma hu j b.a placed
the disposal ef the laoaj Wtmai'i
nTfrag association, M.r.wltB are
extracts from the asaootatloa'
The Be has been advised of the ac
ceptance by the Douglas County Equal
Suffrage araociatton of our offer of eptioa
In this column, for whom It will be con
ducted after thia Issue and during tho
remainder . of the campaign by Miss
Daisy Doajie as the association's representative
Relation of Suffrage
' to. Working Women
BY FLORENCE KELLF.Y.
Never la the history of the human race
have children and young women formed,
as they do today, an Important part of
the work 1 nig "force of great industrial
communities wholly apart from their par
ents and the family life.
In the telephone, and telegraph aervioe
-something like a revolution would be'
caused It suddenly all the young people
under the age of Jl were withdrawn. In
retail trade the cash children, , bundle
girls, wrappers and junior clerks are an
extremely Important part of the whole
a working force.
' Every Improvement In machinery and
. In Industrial organisation tends to sum
', mon to the ranks of .Industry an increase
' Ing number of young recruits.
. How long these young workers shall be
.empioyea in a oay my be literally a
.matter of life and death for them. Within
my own acquaintances more than one
'. young girl has died of pneumonia, rheu
matism, tuberculosis, due directly ' to
-overtime work with the accompanying ex-
haustlon and loss ef power to resist dls
ease. " Now the health," morals' and Intelligence
. at the rising generation are peculiarly
- objects of solicitude of women. To de
. prlve women of an equal share of power
to determine the laws for these young
. workers la to glwe cruelly unequal power
, to sordid employers.
In manufacture, older men form a
larger . part of the total working force
.than in retail trade. And the older men
' are voters. Factory; laws are obtained,
' therefore, with greater ease than work
' able laws for safeguarding the health and
! welfare of children and young girls.
A sinister chapter too .which too little
' attention has hitherto been jiald la the
failure of our legislatures and courts to
afford young girls protection from seduc
tion, assault and enslavement In Infamous
houses. ' The difficulty Involved In ob
' t a.lntng the conviction of malefactors Is
' known only to the few faithful souls who
. have attempted to obtain due punishment
.of these grave offenses. r Mothers In any
.-.' community are '.more , deeply." stirred hy
these off chsesi thanJSy any others, t(ut
fudges' an4 juries, vary 'beyond belief In
; their' treatment - of . criminal guilty of
'.' 'crimes against girls. -
In one 'western state a woman worked
. fourteen years to secure the.enactmeent
' 'of a -workable statute to punish' -Crimea
'against female minors." At last such a
' law was passed and vigorously enforced.
' Fourteen criminals were sent to the pent
.; fcnUvy. Thena young .lawyer offered
his services to one of the criminals to
, free blm by showing - that the law. was
: . Unconstitutional, because the title should
" have read "to define and punish crimes
'.against female minors;" whereas though
"In fact the two words "define and" were
missing from the title, the necessary
'.definition was contained tn .the body of
'the statute. JJpon this frivolous ground
'the supreme "court of the state held the
.statute Invalid and nine of the fourteen
v criminal' were forthwith? freed. ' The re-mafntng-
five were too poor or -too lgnor
'ant to. obtain counsel' and remained In
" the ftenttentlary. The patient-- woman
whose work was thus frustrated-eon-'
Unued the agitation. The legislature,
after' great effort 01 her part, re-enacted
' the statute with the title complete. But
-the time criminals could not again be
.trie for the same offense and remained
at liberty. -It 1 hard to believe .Ithat
, uoh weary effort would be needed if the
' mothers and the teachers were a part of
'aa voting constituency upon whom
- Judges and legislators depend for their
political careers. .. ,
, It Is the children of the' poor who form
the working contingent In. retail trade.
'It Is the' daughters of the poor,-who
chiefly fall victims to the basest crimes.
. loor, young. Ignorant, unorganised, they
depend for. protection upon laws framed
- and enforced by persons- older - than
themselves. Is It safe or sane to exclude
from the full share of power and respon
sibility th. mother and . teachers, . the
older women whose first care Is for the
;wefare of tha young? ,
Coadneted By ,
K2S8 MAXVJOmiB BOBXAJT
Tor the Xf.braske Association Op
posed to Woman Suffrage.
Basis of Government
The .statement that governments are
based on physical foroe always irritates
the suffragists. It is dirfloult to under
stand why. life itself Is based on phy
sical force. We could not remain on earth
at all without. gravHy. which the suf
fragists will hardly care to deny Is a
Governments presuppose "that there Is
In the state an element which must be
governed. Laws are a series of "Thou
shalt nots." Whenever a suffragist uses
the expression ."Enforce the law" she
tacitly admits the truth of our argument
Force alone converts laws into govern
ment Unemforeed laws weaken govern
ment and lessen the- respect of the com
munity for law and order.
Governments are established for pur
pose of protection. Their primary func
tion, is to protect Uvea .and property and
enforce the law. Governments rest on
the physical foroe of men.
It Is not the duty of women to protect
Uvea and property and enforce the laws
as long as there are any able bodies men
left As EUhu Boot says: "In the divine
distribution of powers the duty of pro
tection rests on the male." We - antl-
suffragists Intend that it shall continue
to rest on him even if a few so-called
men are trying to shirk this duty and
shunt It oft on the weaker sex.
. When peace reigns in the state the
cttlxens go about their business and men
relegate their duty of protection to the
police force, the fire department and the
courts (all male). The female truant of
ficers and probation 'officers who are
figuring in the ' newspapers today as
pollcewaman, cannot quell any real dla
turban oe. This must be put down by i
policeman,' and he usually needs a stick.
We can dispense with our lady cops but
no city could sleep nights If the men on
the force resigned and women took their
places. Equal In power to govern? Well,
When a disturbance arises with which
the police cannot cope, the state militia
(male) Is catied on to protect lives and
property. This was "done in Wilmington,
Del., during the race riots this summer
in Iiutte, Mont., when trouble arose
among two groups of miners, and also
In Colorado not so long ago. Colorado'
state militia proved inadequate to cope
with the situation," however, and the en
tire government machinery of the atate
fell to the ground. And then what did the
dauntless dames of Colorado do? Did
they try to maintain the stabllty ef the
' state government - by Joining the state
militia? Not they. They couldn't do a
single thing to put down the disturbance
and enforce the laws which they have
been., snaking, for twenty-one 'years... In
I this dire "extremity thVtrteh' came home
to them fully- - that governments are
force even If this force was not to be
found In themselves: What did they do?
They uttered a piercing feminine cry tor
help Just as If they had been poor, old
fashioned antis. They called for the phys
ical force of men more men to come and
help them. And the federal troops (male)
responded. ' A better argument against
woman suffrage-than that feminine call
for help on men has never been voiced.
Sometimes, as Is .the traglo case in
Europe . today, the national troops are
Inadequate to protect lives and property
In a national emergency. What is done?
Every ablebodled man is called to the
colors. But the ladles? No they are not
called on. Some men,' like Mr. John Ken
nedy and. Mr. F,' L. .Brogan, would like
to call the women. But real ' men
do not draft women to, the support of
governments in either, peace or war.
In our own civil war the government
found state ' militia and federal troops
inadequate to put down ; the rebellion.
So the able-bodied men were drafted.
But not the women. If they wished to
give voluntary service, well and good.
But the states did not call them. The
nation did not call them. The women
did what women always do. In peace or
war. They backed ' up their men and
helped them: - But tbey did not do the
men's work for them. ,
Suppose the mate suffragists do force
women to make the laws of Nebraska.
The duty of enforcing -thse laws will still
continue to rest on men. And if men are
not Interested enough In a law to frame
At the reoent annual convention' of the"
International Association of Steam and
Operating Engineers It was. voted to have
the organisation of a woman's auxiliary
organisation absolutely Independent of
fhe men. .
; A proposal to grant women equal rights
with men in church affairs was approved
at Ottawa, Ont, by a committee to which,
t was referred by the Methodist general
conference, In session there. .
Ohio has a Men's League for Equal Buf -
trace. WlUlaro Llttleford of Cincinnati
Is president; Prof. J. V. Denney of Ohio
. Btate . university, J. R. Alexander of
Kanesvllle and ' Thomas McNamara of
Young-Own. vice-president ; H. P. Boyn-.
ton of Cleveland, secretary, and Jf, B.
Merrill of Toledo, treasurer. There are
active sub-leagues In Cleveland, Colum
bus, Cincinnati, Youngatown and -Toledo.
The state organisation has individual
members la more than thirty town and
. The Woman Suffrage association of
Philadelphia bas planned to install a Bed
Cross : department at ' headquarters and
collect fund for the alleviation of suffer -.
Ing - in- Europe. .. A authorised ' represen
tative of the. National Bed Ooss. the
association will solicit funds through
thelr.own channel, f j
The report that sirs. Medtl) MVrCor
tnick would retire this) fail from suffrage
work I without foundation.
Forerunners of Winter Modes
Republished by Special Arrangement with Harper's Bazar
Tn Martial Armand's motlel, "Woi
ten," there I' a curious combination
of net span Kirs and velvet. The skirt
of tete da nocre net has full loo.e
panels at the side of self tone felt laid
In plalta, a narrow band of epanxlee
finishing the front panel. This I com
pleted by a snug-fitting rulrass of
iridescent flehaoale spangles In blue,
green and brown. The girdle Is of bluo
Martial Armand shows the full
straight skirt, rut circular and with
long pointed cores Inserted at tho
bottom in a beige colored cloth model.
The skirt and the old-fashioned fitted
basque waist are finished with scal
lop, plied In bluo velvet and outlined
: j yj
"The war la going to make a lot of dif
ference" la an expression that we hear
ronstantly. It undoubtedly will make a
lot of difference tn every branch of activ
ity, even, com-
DlitV$ that tht European War Gives America the
Lead in Beauty Culture and Fanhions
'- ' Ai
Family Government a Republic
, By ADA PATTKRSON.
The doroestlo tyrant 1s passing. Would
that w might truthfully, say he had
passed. , There are signs all along the
horizon -that family government has
ceased to be an ab
solute monarchy. ,A
It, they will not be luterested enough in) republican form of
it to enforce it So that women's ballots ( government Is being
are absolutely worthless. I established In the
. Women make the men who make the ' home circles,
lawa Women bear men so they do not It Is well that this
need to bear arms. And by the same Is so. for the domes-
seasoning they . need not . bear ballots,
which. In. time of peace men substitute
for bullets. .
Few Women Ask Vote
It is most Interesting to note that W.
3. Bryan's 'review , of the objection to
female suffrage calmly ignores the ob
jection that should be atated most promi
nently . as being sufficient of . itself to
condemn the fad. - Tbat objection Is that
women do not want' to vote.
'The National Female Suffrage associa
tion makes officially the claim that the
propaganda has the support of ."nearly
8 per cent of the women of the country."
Analysis of the figures on which this
claim Is based shows thatf it is consider
ably exaggerated; . but conceding this
point, you will notice that of the 82 per
cent a very large number are not Indif
ferent. . but actively hostile. The mem
bership of the anU-eoeietles among
women is Increasing by leap and bounds,
the national organisation ' numbering
considerably' over 100,000, though that
body Ja leas than three years old,
Whereas) .. the. suffrage . propaganda has
been in vigorous' operation for over
sixty year.. The 'movement, right here
In Nebraska, Is over thirty years eld.
Did any sane being, In any country,' at
any period In tb world's history, pro
pose to tmppse the burden of the suffrage
on any class of, people among whom
there wa 'vigorous," determined, well or
ganised resistance to receiving It?
Omaha. 8. K. SMITH.
, im ? .
. .. '
'v , . ,
Bee reader are too Intelligent to over
look the opportunities In the "want ad"
columns. They're worth while reading.
tlo . tyrant , ts not
only an unmitigated
evil, he is a rello of
barbarism. lie be
long In the dust
heap of ancient mis
takes, with Dr.
Lioch and the belief
that he world Is sta
tionary, and the
Idea that a woman
must put on the cap of old age at 30 and
that w must die at three score years and
ten. ' . ;' .;'
The family motto has changed. ."Xa
as father tells you," has' been' turned td
the. wall and. "Come, let, us reason . to
gether." has been substituted for- lt It
1 in Up with tb march'. of- eollghten
men of the age. It la intelligence ap
plied to the problem of family welfare.
The father whose family trembles at
the sound of his footsteps Is, like the
buffalo, ' becoming extinct "Don't ask
questions. - Do as I tell you," is a once
familiar saying heard less often from
the head of the house. Realising that
the pink and white faced, beardless, old
est son has eyes like Ms and a chin Ilk
his, and that when he begin to grew a
stubble on his fee he will develop a will
like his male progenitor, father is be
ginning to show some respect for the son.
He Js deigning to talk things over with
him. and when a family have formed
the habit of talking things over quietly,
reasonably and without undue warmth,
the household millennium Is near. We
are upon an era of family peace and
There Is a better chance of talking
daughter out of her attachment for an
undesirable son of a neighbor It there be
a calm family roancll about the matter.
It may be that little sUcr's objection
that he I cross-eyed, or little brother's
that he "never play ball with me except
when, sis Is looking," will be the decisive
argument. Whereas, locking' her in her
room will merely have the result of driv
ing her out of the window on a sur
reptitious ladder, straight to an accom
modating parson's. The word "command"
is fading from family vocabulary as ra
pidly aa the word "obey" 1 disappearing
from the marriage service.
' The Intelligent mother give more time
to discussing family ethics with her chil
dren and less to fancy work with squares
of linen and an embroidery needle. The
net rf suit -are a greater profit to the
family peace and progress. ''You mustn't
fo out. to play this morning, Mary."
''Why not?" ."Because I don't want you
to.' That' enough." r , . '.
i That is an example of an after . break
fast dialogue under : the former regime,
tn "e new and better order it runs thus:
1 "It -won't'be best, for you togo out
this morning, Mary.' It is damp and the
little girl next door , bas a sore throat
They are afraid of dlptheiia, and though
the hpuse isn't quarantined. It may be
any-moment. ' As It Is, it would be unsafa
for you even. to pss ths house." ."Please
tell me. why, mother." ' Mother launo es
Into , . a I description' of . the disease, not
contenting herself with the general state
ment that It Is "dreadful" and "dan
gerous,"' but explaining Its symptoms and
treatment, and telling of cases that were
fatal -and - others that were, cured and
how. By the end of the dialogue, Mary
Is convinced Instead, of cowed, enlight
ened instead of having been driven Into
the dark regions of hatred by txranny.
With the era of enlightened motherhood
comes better childhood. Specimens of
the spoiled child axe still seen, but we
are seeing they are becoming rarer.
Ciartsm In any form Is vanishing from
the family. The father or mother is at
best the president of the republic, pre
siding 'at the family councils by the con
sent of the governed. , The domestic ty
rant dies hard,' but he is dying.
canvassed for fund to organise a volun
teer corps for the King's anrvtce.
' I .. ,1 .1 I -1. .. (.. .1 "I'll Am MBA -In
lUUfi 119 ,,',1- . . W IV.
thing; I ne'er-ceuld raise a man for my
self, snd I'm no gsen to raise men for
King Ueorge.. ijondon vnronicie.
speaking, tn so
humble on aa
the subject of
For over a
been the orig
inator of all
that was im
woman's . dree
and toilet. The
art of beauty culture grew up thre; the
first toilet rreama and lotions were com
pounded In French laboratories; French
silks and laces 'led the world, and the
success of tho French Industrie In the
way of combining the producta of their
looms caused Tsrls to be accepted as the
arbitrator of the fashions.
There have been mnny attempts to
break away from this control, a a rule
futile. The Austrlans showed that they
could copy models, cheeper than the
French could produce them, but as orig
inators they have never equaled tho best
designers of the French capital. The
ready-to-wear trade grow up In America
and achieved an enormous and lettlmate
success her. There Is no country where
the ready-made garments are so smart,
durable and well-fitting as in America.
yet when It come to producing Individual
designs and originating fashions, women
show a marked preference for French
models. What Is the reason for this?
No mstter what the outcome or how
long the" duration of the European war
France for the moment Is out of reckon
ing as a producer and exporter of wo
man's apparel and toilet articles. What
country will take its place? My anawer
to this question is America.
My trip abroad this summer wa for
the purpose of finding out at firs hand
Jtlst what (he French had done the laat
three years in the direction of beauty cul
ture, what advances they had made In
dermatology and what Improvements, If
any, they had made In the preparation of
toilet goods. Fortunately. I arrived In
Paris before the war and was ahle to
discuss and investigate these subjects be
fore the sad event that emptied the coun
try of Its ablebodled men and. closed the
shops and factories. The 'upshot of my
Investigations wa that I found nothing
that waa of use to the American woman.
The French woman is an exotlo type.
Her feature ar irregular, the complex
Ion In most cases sallow and thick, the
eyes, while brilliant are not large, and
the , figure lacks - curve and roundness.
Tot, with all these deficiencies, she rep
resents a charming type of woman, and
in many cae give to illusion of
beauty. . - '
The reason tot this I that he under
stsnds her type and work to express
that only. All the extravagant beauty
culture the tinted powders, colored wlga,
drastic reducing treatments, tlte slinky
walk and so on that ha grown up since
my last ylslt to Pari ha been in the
direction of developing the exotlo type of
the French women, not In Improving th
appearance of women in general.
Tho American woman I the exact en
tlpode of the French woman. In plte of
the mixture of races In this oountry. Vie
type of feminine beauty remain Anglo
Saxon. The Ideal of American beauty 1
a clear complexion, showing both pink
and white, large eyea, more often blue
than dark, and brown or light hair.
American women of thla generation, at
least, are larger than French women,
their figures are mor developed and sue.
gest greater phyalsal atrength and vigor.
It Is impossible that such different type
should profit by the same line of treat
ment The French woman doe not care for
natural cfrertit berause with her natural
effects are not good. Hlie dot not car
for the rosy cheeks that denote health
for they only emphasise the heaviness of
her skin, on the contrary, she prefers a
deep, artificial while that givea an even
color to the entire face.
Phe aaaln dlsre arils the health standard .
by deliberately blackening the skin about
the eyes In the endeavor to make the too
small orbs more full and appealing. '
The American 'skin need a different
treatment from the French skin; It is
thinner, more delicate, more Inclined to
dry and take on premature wrinkles. It
nerds more creams to keep It In condition
and cannot stand the heavy powders and
liquid preparations that tho French use
in such ahtinilance. It Is no exaggeration
to ear that the average American com
plexion would be ruined befort 80 years
If It was subjected to the asms treatment
that the French woman used to advaa
tace. The same I true of the figure. The
rnly reducing method In this country is
the natural, sclentlflo one exorcise and
and change and reduction nf food. A
figure brought to proper weight In this
manner retains its curves and Its atr of
health and well being. . . i
The fashion In France Is extreme
emaciation: hlploss, bostless, the women
hsve simply been willowy supports for
the scanty. Infantile style of dress that
has been In vogue. ' A proof of the ex
tent to which this erase ha gone was
shown when some of the new fashions
were exhibited in the mid-summer. These
gowns were on different liens, they con
tained more fullness and the waists ar
ranged so aa to display the curves of
the figure. Alas, none of the professional
models who sre- engaged to display
f gowns had any curve left to the figure:
these had all been melted away by re
ducing otntmenta .and strong eleotrla
baths, and a new set of model bad to
The Ideals of French agirlhood and the
education to which It la subjected Is so
different from that existing In America
that we can hardly expect the same type
of womanhood. The modern French girl
has exquisite manners, she Is welV edu
cated and cultured to her finger tip, but
she has not the physical and mental free
dom of the American girl. Tou cannot
fsncy thsm clothed in the same manner.
These are only a few of th reason
that I have for believing that, America
will be able to originate It own fashion,
and that American women will only oat
benefited by a freedom from Part dicta
tion. " , . -
Moreover, if the seat of fashion' muet
leave Tarls I ' believe it will come west
ward to these shores, that America, with
It growing knowledge of esthetics, with.
Its mixed population. Is th loglcat succes
sor to Pari a tha world's center of
How thl may come about Wfr will dis
cus In the following lessons.
Advice to Lovelorn
. . r
By BXATBX0B rAX&TAX
Ask for lies Explaatwtlea
Dear Misa Fairfax; I am man of iQ
years olj and am keeping company with,
a girl i am deeply in love wtih. Ue has
fromiaed to marry me. T)i other nixht
asked her to come to see a show with
me and the refused, saying she waa going,
out with her mother to visit friends. I
and my irlend were walking that night to
the show, when I saw hen with auotber
fellow, walking up the avenue.
Perhaps this girl really ttntonded to do
as she ld and circumstance prevented.
Don't Judge her until yonj have 'heard
her story. But remembdr, a marrlaga
must be based on truth amd faith. If h
lie to you, you can veMnr be happy to
gether. Make her feel that.
I . Herself Before the Klagi. '
In the great war st the "beginning of
he lent century tbe publln was asked to
ubsciibe, not nrely for relief funds,
but for the actual raining of force. And
by no nieau everybody subscrlled even
Dean ftamaey reckon aa the best of his
stories of tho old women uf Montrose the
oue concerning th old maid who Wus
. I '
The Cheeriest Cup for All
Old Golden Coffee
Let it be froni the daintiest of :.;
china or the old cracked cup -if
it's pid Golden - Coffee,
properly made, it brings cheer
to the meal; breakfast, dinner ..'
or supper. r . ' .
Because of our experience of
fortv years in aging, . blending
ana roasting, discriminating
people will find in Old Golden .
Coffee the flavor and aroma
which they so highly prize in
a cup of coffee.
Sold in one-pound sealed packarci
on!y-7aiMight-rmoisture-proof. T he
grocer can supply it pound or stec!
cut, or in the whole bean for those
who wish to grind it at home fresh
before each malting.
TONE BROS., Dea Moinca
(EataHUae 1173) -
- 4 : - i
AfiStrv ml thm Fmmxou 704 Spte
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