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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 15, 1914)
rilK r.KK: OMAHA. THURSDAY, (HTOBKK l. I'M t
g Kifev or mmeirFW,
This column hai bean placed at i
the ttipoi! of the Omaha Woman's :
Suffrage association. . Herewith art
extracts (ram (the association's
Suffrage and Soldiers
By Edwin D. Mead.
Once In bo often nowadays somebody
rises to say that no woman should be
allowed to vote unless she Is able and
ready to become a soldier or a police
man, and use a gun or a billy upon occa
sion to preserve order or defend the state.
We suddenly learn that only potential
fighters are proper citizens, and that the
true state Is a latent army. "Govern
' ment Is based on force," la the fashion
able phrase which seems to be giving
very considerable glee to a little coterie
of opponents of woman suffrage. "Elim
inate from government this element of
force," writes one of them recently to a
Boston newspaper, "and its sole excuse
for existence is removed All public func
tions requiring merely voluntary con
certed action of cltltcns, without force,
ran be and are performed by private or
This notion is to most democratic peo
ple at this time of day a little surprising.
We are accustomed to think that the
conception of the atato as the voluntary
co-operation of the people for promoting
their common ends In an efficient and
adequate manner, as eould not be done
Individually or by little groups, is the
true conception. This would appear to
be not only an "excuse" for the existence
of the state, but most modern men would
certainly agree that it was Its real end
and definition. That governments re
quire police and military force for vari
ous purposes is unquestionable; nobody
certainly ever heard of woman suffrag
ists questioning It. Boston has a few
thousand policemen, and the United
States has perhaps KK),000 soldiers, quite
enough for every need of Its 90,000,000
people. It has many more butchers and
bakers, equally Indispensable to every
people, and rendering sera-ices equally
necessary to all citizens, man and women,
although, in the proper division of labor,
the service, like the police service. Is the
service of men. Neither the one thing
nor the other has anything to do with
the voting system, or with qualification
The curious thing Is that it 'is only
nowadays for the sake of opposing
woman suffrage that this silly conten
tion has made Its appearance. Nobody
ever heard eligibility for military service
urged as a condition or qualification for
man's suffrage. There is no nation on
earth where a man is not allowed to vote
because he cannot fight. The mere prop
osition to subject voting men to such a
test or definition would produce a popu
lar outcry about military despotism from
the very men now urging the test against
women. Tet the only possible excuse or
pretext for such a test belonged to the
military past, when was was often he
regular and almost the chief business of
nations. It has. no relevancy whatever
to the present, when war has long eeased
to be that. No contingency is conceiv
able when even a tithe of our able-bod-led
young men would be required for na
tional defense. If ever such exigencies
should arise as once arose at Harlem and
Leyden, we have no doubt that the
women in the besieged cities of America
would do their part as "manfully" as
those women In Holland.
I have said that no man ever escaped
military service because he was not a
voter, or was allowed to vote because he
was a soldier. I wonder how many of
our people know how many of our sol
diers In the civil war were voters? Out
of less than i.000.000 who enlisted, more
than 2,000,000 were not SI years old: there
were about 600.000 voters. The millions
were literally "boys" In blue.
By curious and rather grateful Irony,
at a time when we were hearjng fre
quently that women should not vote be
cause they are not good fighters, along
came Rudyard Kipling with probably the
worst of his many bad pieces of dog
gerel, proclaiming that the trouble with
woman is that she is so many kinds of a
fighter, and such a dangerous fighter.
"The female la more deadly than the
male." So the Kilkenny cats may be
left to fight It out, and destroy each
other, while rational men and women go
on together in the patient and confident
work of organizing the world upon a
rational basis, which Is not the basis of
battle or the barracks.
Testimony from Idaho
Governor James H. Hawley: "I have
stood for woman suffrage tot forty-one
years. Woman exercises the franchise
quite as intelligently as man, and with a
higher degree of conscientiousness. All
our best women vote, and, by so doing,
exert a powerful Influence for good In
the administration of public affairs.
Senator James H. Brady: "Politically,
the effect of woman suffrage has been
immeasurably uplifting and beneficial.
Woman suffrage has been an unqualified
success, not only In Idaho, but In all the
other western states that have adopted It.
The west has but set the pace for the
rest of the country In giving Justice to
Senator William E. Borah: The pres
ence of woman In politics, armed with
the power to enforce hqr demands, has
been substantially for the benefit of so
ciety. It Is sometimes argued that women
will vote largely with their brothers 'pr
husbands, but I have observed that there
comes a time upon certain questions when
the husbands and brothers vote with the
women. Whether women may make mis
takes or not in the matter of actual vot
ing, men universally accredit to them the
aptitude for getting on the right side of
those great moral questions which are
entering more and more into state cam
paigns. The suggestion that, should the
ballot be given to women the less desir
able class would avail themselves of the
right and the desirable remain aloof, la
ot sustained in practice or experience.
MISS BULBJOBXS DOBJf-aJT.
Tor the Besraeka Association Op
posed to Woman Suffrage.
Highest Social Service
There are two types of women the cre
ative and the corrective. One reproduces
life, the other seeks to correct life after
other women have created It. The first
type of woman ts absolutely essential to
society, because all human progress Is de
pendent on the continuity of life Itself.
The second type, while useful. Is not es
sential Its contribution ran be made a
well by men. It Is a sexless contribution
and Is rendered to society by either sex
with equal facility.
Practically all women who succeed In
public life belong In the corrective group.
They seek to mould and direct life, but
they seldom create it. To this group be
long most of the suffrage leaders Miss
Jane Addams, Miss Anna Howard Shaw,
Miss Katherlne B. Davis, Miss Laillan D.
Wald, Miss Julia Lathrop and Mrs. Car
rie Chapman Catt. None is a mother.
Yet they are prolific in suggestions as to
how the human family should be regu
lated. They typify the eternal spinster
spirit which has always sought to run
the human family, and regulate the moth
ers, yet has Itself shirked maternity.
Children are a handicap to the woman
who seeks temporal place and power. The
"drag chain of maternity." as one of the
feminists terms motherhood. Is of course
Irksome to women who wish to compete
with men In politics. 1
Nature seems to be eliminating the
highly educated women. To keep the edu
cated classes merely static, each woman
of that class must bear at least three
children two to replace the parents and
one to meet the vicissitudes attendant on
sickness, accident, etc But the birth
rate among college women Is not suffi
cient to maintain the population static.
Our educated women are falling to main
tain 4he state. The race of college wo
men is dying out from generation to gen
eration. According to the best authori
ties the population of the United States
Is apparently "Increasing most rapidly
among that group which has the Hwest
social worth. Tho largest families are
found among the immigrants, the low
paid workers and the defe.ctlves. The
continuance of such a condition must In
evitably mean the replacement of the
more able by a less able stock. Such a
progress of reversed selection must mean,
for the nation, a constant decrease in the
social worth of each succeeding genera
tion." Drafting all women for public service,
I. e., politics, will merely mean another
step in the wrong direction for the Ameri
can woman. If the laurel wreath Is held
up to girlhood as a finer ornament than
the halo of the Madonna, the girls will
naturally reach for the wreath. Herein
lies the menace of the suffrage move
ment. It Ib not enough for our educated
women to minister to lives born of a
lower social group of women. They must
reproduce themselves If civilisation is to
advance. The highest social service is
MIbs Jane Addams was Introduced to
us oji Sunday last as "Chicago's greatest
citizen." Tet if every woman In Chicago
emulated Miss Addams, Chicago would
be a dead city In fifty years. Miss Ida
M. Tarbell has been practical enough to
estimate -woman's true service to so
ciety. She says: "A few women in
every country have always and probably
always will find work and usefulness and
happiness In exceptional tasks. They are
sometimes women who are bom with
what we call "bachelor's souls" an in
teresting and sometimes even charming,
though always an Incomplete possession.
There are rich lives for time to
work out and endless needs for them to
meet. But they are not the women upon
whom society depends; they are not the
ones who build the nation. The women
who count are those who outnumber them
a hundred to one the women who are at
the great business of founding and filling
those natural rectal centers which we call
homes. Humanity will rise or fall as that
A 19 Trillion Mile Yard-Stick
The Xow Measuro Is Called a "Pnrstv" ;uu11Ims Ktvontly lVon Adopted ly Astronomers
' j you have given your wife your
word that you will favor votes for
"Tes." replied the man who dlslikea ar
gument. "It's cheaper. If I say I'm not In favor
of votes for women it a liable to hurt my
wife's fellngs so that it will take a
iruch as a diamond necklace to enable
me to square niyneif." Washington Star.
center Is strong or weak.
It Is the
"A LittU Extra Flfh 1$
Both Becoming and Nat'
ural at Forty, " Say
heavy, hut, unlefs there Is sufficient flest.
on the face, the feature may be too much
accentuated and lines form that give a
suggestion of age.
I do not think a woman of 40 should
walk and carry herself like a young girl.
Have you ever seen a slim, careless,
bouncing figure approaching and Judged
It to be that of a girl, to see when It
approached the faee of a middle aged
womsa? The contrast la not pleasant,
yet the average woman la pleased to be
taken for a girl, even from a distance.
To my mind that Is not the kind of a
youthful figure to cultivate. The middle
The Woman at Forty I'art II.
IVMween beauty of features and a good
cnrrlnge at this age, I should choose the
latter, nnd this Is a point to be watched.
for, as the body grows older (nnd there Is age figure should be an light and slender
no question but j as possible, but It should have an ele-
gnnce nnd certain dignity of movement.
I think at this period women should
watch lest they walk too fast, swing
their arms too much or become too care
less end abrupt In their movements.
whsl It la
at this period)
prone to fall
into what seem
both In stand
ing and walk
ing. There are two
periods of life
when the figure
has to be care
lest II take on bad lines that become
pernmnent; one la during early girlhood
when It is growing so fast that the young
muscles hnruly know how to mnnnge It,
and again at the approach of middle age.
when tho muscles are getting slack and
losing their elasticity. At both these
periods somi: form of regular physical
corelse Is necessary to correct such ten
denclea. Girls are apt to be careless, but the
woman of 40 years should 'have a devel
oped critical faculty. Ixing mirrors in
rooms are great aids and the figure should
be watched, standing, sitting, walking.
The reflection from show windows should
be an object lesson.
Many women are satisfied If they do
not grow stout, fancying that that la the
only error Into which the figure can fall.
We often hear a woman relate with pride
that her "weight haa not changed a
pound of twenty years," and ahe la apt
to have an air of commiseration for her
contemporaries who have "put on flesh.'
It la natural and healthy that the body
(To Be Continued.)
Lbr y b
Advice to Lovelorn
BATOICa VAXKTJJC ;
Demand Tour Presents Rack.
To "Jack": Your letter Is much to long
for publication In this column. My ad
vice to you Is to firmly demand your
presents back. The young woman In
question haa no right to them under the
clrcumstancee you describe, and If aha
haa any self-respect she will return them
to you without demur on request Tn the
future be a little more circumspect In
the bestowal of your affections and a
little less prodigal tn your gifts.
An Old Recipe
To Darken Hair
Common garden Baje and Sulphur
makeg streaked, faded or grf
hair dark and glow? at once.
Almost everyone know a that Race Tea
and Sulphur, property compounded, brtnga
at 40 yeara should weight considerably back the natural color and luater to the
A Diagram Showing the IMancta in the Solur Hystem.The Furthest from the Sun, Nearly Three Itilltou Miles
Away, la CIono 4Jomared to tho Nearest Hlar.
By GAnUKTT P. SERVISS.
Vast spaces, Incalculable distances
these arc the things which most Impress
the reader who takes up an account of
the growing wonders of astronomy. j
Here Is a graphic representation of the
solar system, which gives us a first con-i
ccptlnn of the Immensity of space In the
midst of which we dwell. You see the
sun situated in the center, and the paths
of his various planets surrounding him.
But the distances of those planets from
the sun are relatively far greater than
they can be shown In a diagram
of this kind. If the orbit of Mercury, the
nearest planet. Is drawn-with an inch
radius from Ihe sun, then that of Nep
tune, the most distant yet discovered,
would. If represented In Its proportions,
have to have a radius of neurly eighty
iot us gin nee at some of the figures
representing the planetary distances. It
Is a good thing to memorize them, In
round numbers. J
Mercury 1b 3fi,00O.00O miles from the sun.
Venus Is 07,000,000 miles.
The earth Is 93,000,000 miles.
Mars Is 141,000,000 miles.
Jupiter is 483,000,000 miles.
Saturn Is St6,000.000 miles.
Uranus Is 1.7S2.OOO.0OO miles.
Neptuno is 2,7fr2,OO0,OOO miles.
. You will observe that there Is a sudden
and disproportionate increase between
Mars and Jupiter. Within this broad gap
He the orbrta of the asteroids, or little
planets, many hundreds in number, and
most of which are under twenty or thirty
miles In diameter.
With these figures before us there Is
no denying that the solar system Is of
enormous extent, and yet, great as is the
space it covers, It Is, in reality, so minute
that when viewed from the nearest star
Its entire breadth, which Is equal to
twice the distance of Neptune from the
sun, cannot exceed, In angular measure
ment, forty-five' seconds of arc, which Is
about one-fortieth of the diameter of the
Yet, with the means now at his disposal.
By REV. THOMAS B. GREGORY,
Women and War
A pro-suffrage article recently stated
that "one of the sure results of the grow
ing influence of women in affairs of I
state will be the decline of war as a
means of settling disputes."
Olive Schrelner haa Illustrated this ten
dency by supposing a city besieged by a
merciless enemy. The battered walls i
have to be repaired. The nearest thing j
at hand Is a group of statuea in a tern- j
pie, and the soldiers wish to use them.
But the acupltor who has Carved those
statues and who la also a soldier, ob- i
Jects. They arei- his work, and while in
the end he will sacrifice them for his
city, he will do so only In the last ex
tremity, "Men's bodies are our work," declared
Olive Schrelner, speaking for her sex.
There could not be a truer or a sounder
statement of the way In which women
tend to work for peace.
It Is somewhat of a slander on woman,
as well as contrary to history, to ssy
that women would ask of men to think
of their "bod'es" before thinking of their
honor or political freedom or the safety
of their wives and children. If the woman
can fight for political freedom, men can
scarcely be expected to forego that
Privilege. War Is always a choice of
two evils and frequently the least Wars
of defense appeal greatly to women and
brave women, like brave men. will make
sacrifices when the occasion demands.
Brave women Inspire and strengthen men
to deeper love of country and of home.
One can scar eery Imagine the wife of 1 famous men there was nothing dramatic,
Hqratlus begging him to give up the
bridge, and save his precious body, any
more than one can Imagine Caesar's wife
compromising his honor In order to keep
A young man who was lately requested
to serve on a posse of citizens at the
time of a strike, replied that he would
not because If ha were to lose an eye or
an ear, it would be forgotten in ten years
how he lost It, but he would be minus
an Important organ.
These fln-de-alecle ideas are not brought
forth from the brain of heroes, nor the
mothers of heroes. Men's "bodies" may
be "our work," but what of their souls?
Have we no share nor responsibility la
the astronomer does not hesitate to,
lungo his measuring rods into the awful
chasm of Interstellar space with a con
fidence, justified by results, that he ran,
at least here and there, touch bottom.
For this purpose, In order that he may
not have to deal with unmanageable col
umns) of figures, he adopts novel units,
or standards, of measurement. He does
not use miles, for they are too small a
carpenter might as well' use mllllonths of
an Inch In measuring his boards and
beamH. Even the Immense distance of
the earth from the sun 03,000,OiX miles Is
rathnr too short a yardstick for stellar
Hitherto the usual unit of measurement
for spundlng the star deeps has been the
light-year, which Is equal to the distance
that a ray of light would travel In one
year, and may be translated into miles by
multiplying 31,557,600, the number of sec
onds In a year, by 188.830, the number of
miles, that light travels in one second.
This Is In round numbers, 8,8SO,Oi),0O(i,oi)
BH recently a still longer unit for
stcllnir distance measurements has been
chnsejn. It Is called a pnrsec, and Is
equal' to about 19,00n,ooo,0un,ooo miles. It
Is obtained by multiplying 9.1,000,000, the
earth's distance from the sun, by 2K,2ir,
the number of seconds of angular meas
uro contained In an arc equal to radius
or a "radian," which is the basis of ail
angular measures. It moans that at
the distance of one parsec the space
separating the north from tho sun
would appear to have an angular diame
ter of one second of arc, or lesa than one-eighteen-hundredth
of the breadth of the
A tape line as long as a parsec would
wrap round the earth COO.000,000 times
But there la not a single star In the sky
whose distance la not greater than a
parsec, while nearly 0 per cent of the i
stars are from 100 to 75 parsccs away, j
There are many, whose distance equals j
a thousand parsecs, and probably some
are situated at the distance of 10,000 ,
parsecs or more. From these excessively
distant star lights, which ran circle the
earth in less than one-seventh of a sec
ond, must require more than 30,000 years
to come to us across tho Intervening gulf
If there are Intellectual brethren of
ours dwelling nut yonder on that distant
frontier of tho universe, they must wait
TOO centuries for the news of the awful
events now convulsing the earth, unless
they possess some Incompurably more
rapid means of conveying and receiving
Information than light and electricity
more than at an years, the life Insurance
tables "are made out with this Idea In
mind, and while undue flesh should be
exercised away, the bones should weigh
more as years go on and there should be
a firmer cushion of flesh alout them.
1'ndue flesh and natural, normal flesh
are different things.
Tho woman whose weight has not In
creased In twenty yeara Is apt to find
that the bnnea are becoming angular and
that the soft curves of youth have faded
away and not been replaced by those of
A slight Increase In flesh also provides
for a more attractive contour of face.
Features almost always grow thinner to
ward middle life. Mouth and nose are
apt to be smaller and this la an Improve
ment If these featurea have been too
hair when faded, streaked or gray; also
ends dandruff. Itching scalp and stops
fslllng hair. Tears ago the only way to
get this mixture was to make It at home,
w hich Is mussy and troublesome.
Nowadays we simply aak at any drug
store for "Wyeth'a Bag and Sulphur
Compound." Tou will get a large bottle
for about BO eenta. Everybody uses this
old, famous recipe, because no one can
possibly tell that you darkened your hair,
aa It does It so naturally and evenly. Tou
dampen a sponge or soft brush with It
and draw this through your, hair, taking
one small strand at a time. By morning
the gray hair disappears, and after an
other application or two your hair be
comes beautifully dark, thick and glossy
and you, look years younger. Advertisement
Montaigne and L'Hopital
History affords us more or less Infor
mation of several Illustrious visits that
of Themlstoeles to Admetus, of Hannibal
to I'ruslas. of the queen of Bheba to
King Solomon, of
Kmorson to Car
lyle. of Milton to
Galileo, of George
Fox to Cromwell,
and so on; second
to no one of them
In abiding human
Interest ta the visit
that was made 342
years ago, March
18, 1572, by Mon
taigne to L'Hopi
tal. About the meet
ing of the two
no blare of trumpets or display of red
fire; it was a quiet meeting, but brim
ful of Interest to the student of human
character and the principles of the higher
The ex-chancellor of France, L'Hopital.
was verging close upon the line beyond
whi h man's chances of Continued ex
istence are slim, and Montaigne had
hardly reached his prime, being only 44.
'LHopltal was in "dlsgrac," and was
spending his last days there at his coun
try home of Vlgnay, surrounded by his
books, his children and grandchildren,
and the nature that he ao dearly loved.
Montaigne waa at the height of hla rlcli
and splendid fame, idolized by the elite
of the realm, and almost worshiped ' by
the entire literary world of his day'.
Now look at tho two men again.
L'Hopital Is one of the finest characters
to be found in the whole s ope of history.
If there is any finer it would be exceed
ingly difficult to locale It. Of spotless per
sonal Integrity, and with a long public
record that Is absolutely stainless, L'Hop
ital will ever stand as the Ideal cham
pion of humanity and Justice. In a time
1 that "tiU'd men's souls'" as no other time
! has ever tried tlem, L'Hopital. standing
for what he believed to be right, refused
to bow to threat or bribe, holding his
ground against t'ie temptation that would
corrupt him and tho threatening! that
woul destroy him. Pure, brave, inflexible
I for the right as he say the right, he kept
his honor -brlglit until he was forced by
j rtiyai manuaie into iu retirement where
j ho was visited by Montaigne.
And Montaigne? Well, Montaigne, bril
liant as he was, and precious us his lit
erary remains are to us all, was the
antipodes of the great man to whom he
made Ms memorubls visit He was a
"trimmer," utUrly devoid of great con- I
vlctions, a total stranger to the holy en-
musiusms mai siir mens aouia. The
Essays are Immortal, and deservedly so,
but they have never stirred a soul to
high endeavor or nerved a man to die fur
a principle. It la not by "divine gossip"
but by heroic devotion to principle that
the world Is made better and happier.
Montigne was "wise and prudent" and
to the wise and prudent he will aver be
lnU nsely interesting, but it Is to the
deathless spirit of the L'Hopitala that we
owe the thinga that are beat worth living
Protein Content of Meat and Fish:
Kind of Meat
Beef, loin, medium .
Beef, ribs ....
Beef, round, medium .
Leg of mutton . .
Neck of mutton . '.
Loin pork chops . .
Kind of Fish
Bass, black . .
Bluefish 7 ..... .
Cod Steaks 'J.' . .. .
Flounder, whole . . .
Haddock . ..
Halibut steak'.-' ? .
Lake Trout . s . .'
Mackerel.. .' .' ." .
Weakfish . . v
Whitefish, whole . . .
The ubov table it rtprlatoirom nrUrlr by U. K. Vnnnfon. Chief Food RtnartX Lobarutorw. '
iureuu of Chemistry, V. U. (iovsmmsnt
Protein, nou?iSo. essential principle of food; the
gelatinous, semi-transparent substance obtained
from albumen, fibrin or casein.
You housewives are familiar with
the vast difference in price, but be
sure you get Booth fish direct
to you from Booth iron-clad, sani
tary fishing vessels its fresh,
wholesome and delicious.
Booth Fisheries Co.
Branches in All Principal Cities
Omaha 1308 Leavenworth Street
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