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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1914)
Kaiser Leaves for the A iastian Frontier
VOL. XLIV NO. 43.
OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 10, 1!)14.
Oa Trains and at
Kotsl wi Stands, So,
SINGLkJ COPY TWO CENTS.
ITALY FACES AN
IT JOINS IN WAR
Germany and Austria Threaten
Rome They Will Be Free to
Draw Sword if NeutraL
VENXTIA, LOMBARDY IN PERU
Forces of Vienna Government Will
March Into the Southern
ENGLAND STRAINING ITS EARS
Awaiting Naval and Military Rat
tles that All Believe Are
RUSH FOR CURRENCY AT END
Unusual Demand for Provisions at
Shops is Also Over.
RESPONSE TO MONEY APPEAL
Jlandreds of Thonaande of Poanda
Subscribed to Care for Caaes of
JVeed Arising Oat of
ROME, Aug. 9. (8:30 a. m.)
Germany and Austria threaten Italy
with the declaration that if the latter
persists in it stand of neutrality they
will consider themselves free to de
clare war and Austria will Invade
Venetia and Lombardy.
LONDON. Aug. 8. (11:30 p, m.)
England is waiting quietly and
confidently for naval and military
battles which all believe are Impend
ing. Except for the cries of news
boys calling war. extras, the move
ment of troops and an, orderly dem
onstration in front of Buckingham
palace this evening which again
brought the king and queen and the
prince of Wales out to bow their
thanks, London has assumed its
usual everyday appearance. ' - -
The rush to the banks for cur
rency came to an end with the issue
- of small notes as did also the unusual
demand at the shops for provisions.
People are going about their work
as they did before the crisis arose,
stopping only to pick up reports of
battles, most of which proved false.
There is some disappointment at the
success of the German cruisers,
Gocben and Breslau, In eluding the
British fleet in the Mediterranean,
which naval men describe as a piece
of splendid seamanship on the part
of the Germans.
Brlnira Rone Solace.
The seizure of Togoland and the pene
tration of Alsace by the French, together
with the strong opposition of the Belgians
to the German advance, brought some
convolution to Englishmen, but it is to
the navy that England looks for big
Berlin has been celebrating "the ta.ll
of Liege," but reports from other quar-j
ters Indicate that German troops, having
failed to take the fortresses by frontal
attack, are attempting to get around
them. This is a hazardous undertaking
s the Belgian guns cover the roads. j
The appeal for funds which are being j
raised in England to care for the wives
and children of those called to the colors
and those thrown out of work, and to care
for the sick and wounded, has aroused
an unprecedented response, and hundreds
of thousands of pounds have been sub
scribed. The prince of Wales fund has
already reached ,000,0n0.
Die In Hospital.
Four British sailors and four German
prisoners, who were Injured when the
cruiser Arophloa was struck by a mine,
have died In a hospital.
The American embassy has arranged
with the government to permit Americans
from Havre to land at Southampton,
although that is a closed port. This will
enuble a large number of Americans who
liave been held up In Normandy to come
to England to get a steamer home. They
must, however, get a certificate of citl
censhlp from the consul at Havre.
For Nebraska Fair.
Trmperatnrr at Omaha tfesterdny.
kM IFI ,Ts::::::::::::::S
a. ni.... id
8 a. in 77
9 a. in HO
10 a. m M
1 p. m..
2 p. m
3 p. m
5 t. in
7 p. m
( umparallt e Local Record.
1914. 1913. 1911. 1H.
Highest yesterday W Jit! 74 Vi
lowest yesterday..... ft M 74
J-asn temperature hi 87 titj w,
Precipitation 01 T T .00
Temperature and nreclpltatlon depar
tures from the normal:
Normal temperature 7
Kxress for the day 7
Toml exi'cxs since March 1 378
Normal precipitation 12 Inc h
Deficiency for tin? cay 11 Inch
Tutal rainfall since March 1. . 15. US indies
Deficiency sltice March 1 4.13 irn hea
Deficiency for cor. period, 3 17 inches
lWii lenc y lor cor. period, 1912. H.25 Inches
"T" indicates Irne or precipitation.
L. A. WELSH. Local Forecaster.
IBS Wk -n
Drawn for The Bee by Powell.
. FATAL TO GERMANS
Unexpected Check Shakes Morale of
Army Sent to Strike Swift
Blow at France.
BRITISH EXPERTS' OPINION
London Authorities Eipreai Belief
that Fltrht at Liege Means De
feat (or the Kaiser's Plan
(Copyright. 1914, by Press Publishing! Co.)
LONDON, ug;. 9. (Special Cablegram
to the New Verk "World and Omaha Bee.)
Military experts here declare that noth
ing more Inspiring than Belgium's heroic
dcXonse ot Ms territory against the Ger
man Invaders can be found In history.
The Germans' appeal for an armistice
and their alleged acknowledgement of a
casualty roll of 26,000 men amply con
firms the Belgian triumph, they say.
Campaign a Fa 11 ore.
This check points, in the view of some
military experts, to the failure of the en
tire German campaign. If picked army
corps under Germany's most trusted
commander have failed against thirty-year-old
forts at Liege, what chance. It
Is asked, have they of penetrating de
fenses Judged the most perfect of their
kind In the world those on France's east
ern and northeastern frontier.
The German plan was that France
should be beaten to the ground first
while Russia was slowly moving her
forces. Then the victorious German
troops were to drive back the Slav In
road. But Instead of gaining a victory,
It is argued, the "Germans have opened
their war by defeat from a minor power
esteemed of no military Importance, and
have shown that their fighting methods
are altogether antiquated.
German Morale la Shaken.
Thomas Naylor, the Chronicle's corres
pondent In Brussels, says In a despatch
that there can be no doubt that the
morale of the German army has been
shaken by the Belgian defense.
"Just over the Dutch frontier," writes
the correspondent, "I met several refu
gees beyond Maastricht, from whom I
obtained fresh details of the effective de
fense of Liege. It appears that the Ger
man artillery, which conducted the bom
bardment up to Thursday morning, was
comparatively weak. Then It was evi
dently reinforced, for shells began to fall
in all quarters of tha city east of the
C'ltlsens In a Panle.
"People were advised to move to the
west side of the river. When they had
done so the Belgians blew up the bridges.
All this time the outlying forts east of
the river held out gallantly and are atlll
uncaptured. Shells soon began to pene
trate the western side of the city. Many
buildings caught fire. The burgomaster
advised surrender. General Leman re
fused. "Then a messenger came with a white
flag from the Germans demanding sur
render, .under threat of still heavier bom
bardment. Thousands of residents rushed
panic stricken to the railway station and
entrained for Brussels and Tongoren,
while others took refuge in cellars to
await the bombardment. - .
Humors I nfoanderi.
"At 4 o'clock this morning the rumor
spread that the Germans had arrived In
the city. Persons spying out from their
hiding places saw troops believed to he
the German Seventh army corps,- pass
through and proceed in a southerly direc
tion, presumably toward Namur. This
rumor proved untrue.
"I failed also to get any corroboration
of the story that a 7,eppelin dirigible had
dropped bombs Into the city of Liege."
RESERVIST UNDER BOND
TO SUPPORT HIS FAMILY
NKW YOrtK. Aug S.-Tity Magistrate
O. M. Harris, alttlng In the Domestic Re
lations court, today established a prece
dent in the case of wives and families of
foreign reservists called to the front.
Joseph Geler was placed under a bond of
$2i0 to support his wife and two children
In the event that he Is compelled to leave
this country. Mrs. Geler made the appli
cation. Geler is an Austrian.
A Ready-cVf jq Friend
S vv. . you fellows hav
Lsa 't.v .'t enough ot that. Jm
Etetfifei V v Trifl11' to help unscramble
n J" zt" r-. i f i
BERLIN HEALIEGE FALLS
Dispatch Received in Amsterdam
from German Capital.
THREE CORPS CUT TO PIECES
All - Men la One Division Which
Succeeded In Crossing- River
Are Killed or Captared,
It la Stated.
PARIS, Aug. 8 (0:45 p. m.)
Official dispatcher from Liege re
ceived at noon today announce that
the German forces have rested In
their positions since yesterday and
that the Belgians continue to hold all
their fort and positions.
LONDON, AUg. 9. (3:85 a. m.)
Dispatches from Brussels aay that
at noon, Saturday, communication
with Liege was cut off.. It was pos
sible to communicate as far as Ton
gres, eleven miles to the northwest
AMSTERDAM, Aug. 8. (Via Lon
don 11:25 p. m.) In Berlin there
has been great rejoicing over the re
port that Liege has fallen. A dis
patch received from the German
capital says: "The news of the fall
of Liege spread with lightning
rapidty throughout Berlin and
created boundless enthusiasm. The
emperor sent an aide de campe to an
nounced the capture of the city to
crowds that assembled outside the
Policemen on bicycles dashed along
Under Den Linden proclaiming the
joyful tidings. Imperial Chancellor
Bethmann-Hollweg drove to the
castle to congratulate the emperor
on the victory and was enthusiasti
cally cheered along the way.
The newspapers declare that false
reports, which are known to have
been circulated in foreign countries
that the German's suffered a severe
reverse before , Liege, will no longer
serve to conceal Germany's triumph.
The Lokal Anzeiger says of the re
"It confirms our confidence that
we can calmly await coming events.
It was the prelude to deeds which
will be spoken of as long as men live
Another paper comments:
"When our soldiers in the field
learn of surrender of Liege they will
rejoice not only for the victory of
our arms, but because of the assur
ance it gives that our march through
northern France cannot be stayed."
Official Account of Battles.
PAKIS, Aug. 8. 2:30 p. m.)
While the battle between the German
forces and the Belgians Is still in
progress, around Liege and the final
outcome is not yet known, an official
detailed account of the engagements
covering a period between August 3
and 5 was lusued here today. In
summarizing the operations the ac
"The Germans lost 5,000 dead.
Twenty-four guns were captured, and
(Continued on Page Two.)
by Russian Troops
HT. PETERSBURG (Via London), Aug.
.(7 30 p. ni.l RuKsian troops have peue
ti'ated through the valley of the river
Ktyr. which rises in Austrian Galicla anj
flow Into Russia, and have entered j
Austrian territory, driving the Austrian!
advance posts before them. j
MUCH STERN WORK
BEFORE PEACE MOYE
English Newspapers Think Great
Britain Has Sympathy of
COMMENT ON PRESIDENT'S OFFER
Assume that In Fotore Leader of
American People May Have Hand
In Brlna-lna- About Peace
(Copyright, 1814, Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, Aug. 9. (Special Cablegram
to New York World and Omaha Bee.)
The newspapers print appreciative edl
torlals on President Vtlson'a oner of
mediation. and are" specially ' laudatory
of it because It was made when he was
beset by private grief.
"It IS with profound satis Taction, " says
the Times, "that the British people have
taken note that the cause in which they
are fighting has the sympathy, virtually
the unqualified sympathy, of their Amer
ican kinsmen. The United States govern
ment Itself has of course proclaimed of
t.'It Is the only first class power of the
western world that can maintain an at
titude of even comparative detachment
toward the combatants. As such there
may be reserved for the president of me
United States a role not unlike that as-1
sumed by President Roosevelt In the war
between Russia and Japan.
"President Wilson, to whom at the mo
ment the sympathy of the who British
people is extended in his private sorrow,
has Indeed already Intimated his willing
ness to act In the Interest of European
peace whenever occasion presents Itself.
That time Is distant. There la much stern
work to be done before any government
Is likely to avail itself of his proffered
Germany Threatens America.
The editorial closes as follows:
"What they (the Americans are now
beginning to appreciato is that the rise
of Germany to the power and Influence
hitherto enjoyed by us would be Inimical
to American Interests In the Caribbean
and In South America and the Pacific,
and a menace to the position and free
dom of the United States as a world
"It may even be that to a greater ex
tent than they yet imagine their neutral
ity depends on tha ultimate victory ot
Great Britain and her friends."
"President Wilson la one of the very
few heada of states at the present time,"
an editorial In the Dally News says, "to
ward whom his fellow cltlxens have rea
son to feel warm gratitude. Even In the
midst of his own troubles, It would be
churlish not to give some expression to
the sympathy which men of good will
everywhere must feel for him In his heavy
Europe Deaf Now.
"He wrote his offer of mediation from
the bedside of his dying wife. It has
fallen for the time, as It was bound to
fall, on deaf ears In warring Europe.
Not every man can thus completely sub
ordinate his private griefs to the service
"President Wilson's self-sacrifice has
been for the moment vain, but the time
will no doubt come when Europe will be
glad to listen to It. We may be sure it
will not be President Wilson's fault if it
does not yet bear fruit."
WORD IS RECEIVED FROM
U S. EMBASSY AT BERLIN
WASHINGTON, Aug. . -Communication
between the State department and
the embatwy at Berlin was re-esl ibllshed
totay. Heveral messages, the nature of
which was not disclosed were inter
changed this morning. Minister Von Dyke
a bled the department that the Holland
American steamer Nleuw Amsterdam
had sailed from Tha Hague with U
Americans aboard. The vess-l will touoh
at Plymouth. An appeal from M'lan,
Italy, reading "Hundreds In dtstreai:
what relief from you 7" was signed by
Henry Hudd. Rev. Mr. Bolton, Alfred
Nller and Harry Nason, all of Philadelphia.
KAISER LEAVES IN
MOTOR GAR FOR
Dispatch from Berne Says that Big
Battle is Imminent on Franco
AUSTRIAN'S ARE NEAR BASEL
French Assert Teuton Losses Are
Very Serious and Their Own Are
GALLIC ASSAULT WITH ARDOR
Cavalry of Defenders is Pursued in
the Darkness by the Attack
PEOPLE GREET THE INVADERS
Joffre Declares Soldiers Workers
FOE RETIRES TO NEU BREISACH
Before, Betrentlns; They Set Fire to
Namerooa Bnlldlnas In Mnel
hansen and Caose Great
Havoc In Country.
PAIUS, Aug. 0. It l unofficially
reported that Kolmar, a city forty
miles southwest of KtrannburK, in
Alsace-Ixrraino, has leen occupied
by the French.
Kolmar, also spelled Colniar. Is a
city with a population of B0.000 on
the . Ill river and almost directly
north of Mulhausen, the city which
the French are said to have occu
pied Saturday. Kolmar was ceded to
France by the ieace treaty of Ily
wick in 1007 and restored to tier
many by the treaty of Frankfurt In
LONDON, Aug. 9. A dispatch
from Rome to the Dally Mall says
a. mnort Is current that Emperor
WllUam has left Berlin in a motor
car for the Alsatian frontier.
The Daily Mail's Rome corres
pondent adds that according to dis
patches from Basel. Switzerland,
the Germans have evacuated Bant
Ludwlg, in Alsace, four miles to the
northwest of Basel, and that a bat-
Is imminent on the Franco-
A dispatch to the Time from
Berne, Switterland, says 40,000
Austrian troops have concentrated
near Basel, and that German and
French troops also are near the
Swiss frontier, so that a big battle
may occur at any time.
The foreign office has received a
telegram from the British vice con
sul at Venice saying that the Austri
an merchantman, Isglad, which ar
rived at Venice Friday, reported a
strong Austrian fleet off Pola.
Austria, and that the lights in the
lighthouses of the Austrian coast of
the Adriatic had been extinguished.
German Loas "erlons,
PARIS, Aug. 9. In a French of
ficial statement concerning the in
vasion of Aluace by French troops,
and the occupation of Altkirch and
Mulhausen, it is asserted that the
French losses were not excessive,
while those of the Germans were
It was nightfall on Friday when
the advance guard of the French
brigade approached Altkirch, says
the official statement. The city was
well defended, and occupied by a
German brigade. The French bpgan
tne Assault with ardor, a regiment
of infantry dlstlnguiHhlng Itself In a
furious charge, shortly after which
the Germans retired In disorder.
I'renrh Parsae Germans In Darkuesa.
A regiment of French cavalry fol
lowed the enemy, pursuing them In
the direction of Wallhelm and Tugo
lischen, Inflicting serious losses upon
them, A French colone', and seven
of his men were wounded.
Darkness permitted the Germans
to conceal themselves and the troops
of France entered the city amid the
cheers of the people. All the win
dows of the houses were thrown
open, veterans embraced the French
soldiers, and a great shout re
bounded. At dawn of day the advance guard
resumed lis march. The cavalry
charged patrols, and the march of
the entire brigade on Mulhausen '
was begun. In the afternoon of Bat-!
urday the scouts found that nuiner-i
ous and Important defenses protect-
(Continued on Page To.)
Minister Saxonoff Says it Provoked
Conflict Among Balkan
STATEMENT CAUSES SENSATION
Internal Dlfftoallles (anirj It to
Declare Mar on Serbia Word
from Kaiser onlrt Have Pre.
vented General War.
ST. PUT ERSNl 'KOI, Aug. ft. -(Ma Lon
don 7:15 a. m l Minister of Foreign Af
fairs M. Kasonnff. reviewing the European
situation In a Hpcech before the dumit
blamed Austria largely fur the war. He
declared that the national eonaelem-e of
rtussla vo clear and that after Its great
efforts to preserve the peace. Its enemies
would not succeed In throwing upon Hus
sla the responsibility for the conflagra
The minister caused a senuatlon when
he declared that It was Austria-Hungary
who provoked the war among the Klavs
and added: "But thanks be to God, It
will not ruin the work of Slav unification."
Asserting that Austria's Internal diffi
culties led It to have recourse to- the
sword. M. Ssxonoff said that It was Im
possible for Kurope to recognise trie will
of Germany as obligatory, if tha Ger
man cahln.'t hnd si) desired, it could have
stopped Austtrla by a single word, but
Germany preferred an equivocal policy,
he in id.
The speech was Interrupted many times
by extraordinary demonstrations, When
reference was made to Belgian bravery
and to Fiance and England, the whole
house rose and the member, facing tht
ministers of these countries, who oc
cupied peats In the diplomatic gallery,
The minister of finance, M. Bark, then
told the members of the financial re
sources of the country. Russia, he said,
had entered the war with T75,OoO,000. It
was proposed to provide further Income
by Increasing the taxes on wines and
tobacco, he said.
The ensuing debate displayed the un
animity of all parties In support of the
government. Resolutions expressing
rcnfldence In the ministers and extending
fraternal greetings to those nations who
are supporting Russia ."and. the brave
Russians who are defending the empire"
were adopted. All legislation necessary
to provide funds for tha war was passed.
At, the ooncluslpn of tha, bualncM an Jm-
jierlal ukase, adjourning tha duma until
February, was read.
Objects of Fury
While in Antwerp
(Copyright, 1914, Press Publishing Co.)
LONDON, Aug. 9.-(Speclal Cablegram
to New York World and Omaha Bee.)
Kdgar Rowan, correspondent of the
Chronicle at Amsterdam, sends to h'a
newspaper stories of Germans who were
driven out of Antwerp, Belgium, after
their belongings In thft city had been
looted or destroyed. Many of them did
business at that port, and got along well
until they became suddenly tha objects
of public fury.
"These fugitives from anti-German
d monatratlons In Antwerp," the corre
spondent writes, "have been arriving
here since Thursday. One told me that
the Hotel Weber had been raided by the
mob because It was owned by Germans.
The furniture was wrecked. Attack was
made on all the German cafes near the
harbor. The assailants lugged out pianos,
tables, chairs and other furnishings and
threw them Into the water.
"Crowds went around tho city,' stop
ping at all houses In which the presence
of Germans was suspected. When they
found houses containing Germans the
contents were looted or destroyed and
the biilldln.;s wrecked.
"German refugees have been able to
get awsy by trains only as far as Esse.
There the trains have stopped, and pas
sengers have been obliged to walk across
the frontier, loaded with their baggage,
getting another train at the Dutch sta
tion of Kosendahl, and thus reaching Am
sterdam." Germany Sends New
Threat to Belgium
URCfiHKLS, Aug. 9 (Py Way of London. J
u:. a. m According to the Uasette, tho,
Fk'lgian geenral staff expected Important
developments during the night, but up
to 2 o'clock Sunday morning nothing had
occurred. It Is reported that Germany
has sent a new and threatening message
British, French and
Belgian Hosts Win
imrsKLB (Via Paris). Aug. . (1:23:
p. in.) News that the French, Belgian '
and Krltlsh troops had effected a junction1
across the lines of the German advance,
In lti'lglum caused great rejoicing here1
today. The crowds sang the national,
anthems of the three allies.
Turkish Troops Active
in Belgian Territory
ATHENS (Via London). Aug. (.-Large
Turkish forces have, concentrated ot
Bulgarian territory near FereJIk In the
vh lnlty of the river Uaritha. They are
moving kpparently in the direction of the
frontiers of Thrace and Bulgaria ' by
agreoment with Bulgara.
Berlin Report States Losiei of the
Enemy Considerable and Many
OWN CASUALTIES UNKNOWN YET
Will Be Communicated at Soon at
Reliable Information it at
THOUSANDS OF CAPTIVES TAKEN
Between Three and Four Thousand
on Way to Germany, Accord
ing to Advicei.
ASSAILANTS SHORT OF SHELLS
Bnmela Dispatch Asserts Enemy is
Shy of Ammunition. r
ADMIT THE CITY IS INVESTED
All Forta Are atlll in Belgian Hands
and No Serlona Oeenpatloa
' ot the. Town by the
AMSTERDAM, (Via London),
Aug. 8.- (6:80 p. m.) A semi
official message from Berlin gays:
"We hold fait. , Llge la in our
hands. The losses of. the enemy
were considerable. Our losses will
be communicated, as soon a reli
ably known. Tha transport of 3,000
or 4,000. Belgian prisoners to Ger
many bag begun already, according
to newg received here. We were
faced at. Liege by 'a quarter of the
totlt Belgian army."
Berlin Ctals I.tea-o Taken.
LONDON,. Aug. JJ.--A somi-offi-ctal
dispatch from Berlin today says: ,
"Liege is In our hands. Between
8.000 and 4.000 ' Belgian' prisoners
are enroute to .Germany."
No confirmation of the report
published in Berlin or the tall of
Liege has been received' In London,
and nothing on the subject has
reached London since the report
was announced last night. The
Belgian legation here refuses to give
the report any credence.
Belarlana Silent Abent Lleae.
The latest measaee received her
from Brussels, filed t 1:20 o'clock
this afternoon, . waa atlll strange
silent on the subect of the Germav.
assertion that Liege had fallen.
It la undestood that the Belgian min
ister of war's announcement regarding
loss of 80,000 killed and wounded by the
Germans and 16.000 by tha French In the
battle at Altkirch, Alsace, was based on
unofficial reports of the fighting reach
ing the Belgian ministry o! war.
A dispatch to tha Exchange Telegraph
company from Bruasel at I IS p. m., this
afternoon eald tha German attack on
Liege had been suspended tor two daya.
The Germain wero safe beyond tha reach
of the forta and were spending Hunday
In rest. Their projected advance toward
the River Ourthe to the aoutv of Llegw
had proceeded no further.' Instead all
along the line from Llc?e to the French
frontier, the attack for the tiros being
had been arrested.
German Advance Suspended.
BRUSSELS (Via Paris), Aug. S.-(I p.
m.) The German advance, checked by
the resistance o fthe Belgians at Liege,
apeared today to have been entirely sus
pended. The Germans remained muiv
In their positions beyond the fire of tha
ueigian forts. It wis understood they
were concentrating their forcts.
Germans Short of Shells.
At noon today the forta of Lleaa win
still holding out. The German bombard
ment had become very Intermittent, the
German gunners. It waa belled, having
run short of shells.
An offlcel announcement atty Liege Is
Invested but all the forta are still In
Belgian hands. There has been no serious
(Continued on Page Two.)
Read how Frank, L.
HalUr o f Omaha
wat impr$jJ by
ment which A dm
tcribtt for our read
er. See Editorial Page
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