Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 09, 1914, NEWS SECTION, Page 7-A, Image 8

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France Tint with Aeroplane Fleet,
Germany with Dirigibles.
Aircraft to Play Great Part in Europo's War
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riaiprltoi r the Tm Styles !
Craft Indicate Advantages tor
EitherOffensive a ad
Defensive t ar.
Recognition by the public of the value
of air craft in national defense has led
to the development of an Industry devoted
to the supply of dirigibles and aeropianes.
Especially In France and Germany has
aeronautics been stimulated hi thin man
ner. France developed the first practical
dirigibles, but has until recently concen
trated her energy chiefly upon aeroplanes,
with the result that at the present time
the. French army Is estimated to have
between 600 and 1.000 aeroplanes In serf
Ice. These aeroplanes are, moreover, of
types that represent the highest develop
ment In aeroplane design. On the other
hand, Germany, realizing the menace of
this aerial force and the Impossibility of
duplicating It, has recognized the loss!
billtlea ot the dirigible and given liberal
support to the development of the ships
of Count Zeppelin and Major von Paree
val. Great sums have been spent and
many lives have been lost, but '.!-.e re
ward has already come. The German
army now possesses a splendid fleet of
twenty-five airships, represent'ng the
highest development In airship design
At the came time France has brought her
fleet of airships up to eighteen, and Ger
many has some 00 military aeroplanes
with a large civilian reserve. It has be-
come a race for the supremacy of the air
between two great powers whose capitals
He within the radius of action of air craft
from each other.
England ia Behindhand.
England haa recently Joined the race
for supremacy, and, apparently realizing
that It is too late to overtake her con
tlnentat rivals by the mere multiplying of
units, has directed every effort toward
the development of air craft superior In
deslgii to tho existing types. Foreign ma
chines have been purchased liberally,
and an aerodynamic laboratory and an
experimental air craft factory have been
built. England's future In aeronautics
is placed In the hands of. an advisory
committee headed by Lord Rayleigh and
composed of distinguished scientists and
engineers. The race then la not only
between the factories, but also between
the laboratories. The production of i
type of marked superiority will immedl
ately make obsolete the aerial forces of
other powers.
Due to high cost of maintenance, some
danger and dependence upon weather
conditions, airships have not jet boen
proved ot great commercial "value. It
Is true that thousands of passengers have
been, carried by the Zeppelins of the
Delag company in Germany, but thix pas
senger-carrylng business so far has been
of the nature of sight-seeing trips up the
Rhine or around and over Berlin. There
is no more delightful way to see the
country. Provided with a good map,
passenger can become acquainted with a
great area of country In a few hours'
time. The facility for observation leads
at onco to the consideration pf the use
, of airships In time of ir.
' 1 Capacity of Dirigible! 1
The dirigible, operating In Oar weather
at an altitude of some S,K feet, is fairly
safe from gun fire and yet rot too high
for a trained observer to detect the move
ments of large forces on the ground, gen
eral features of fortifications, number and
type of ships In a harbor, presence or
absence of bridges and railroad tracks.
The dirigible can stop its motors and
float slowly above ground It is desired to
observe. The aeroplane cannot per.'orin
such service except by circling above a
given area, thus reducing Its fuel supily
ml fut urn usef ulnms. The arrest test in
military operations of the dirigible will be encounter. Jn me case oi mou-
for long-distance reconnolseanco. In a'er armies, where aeroplanes may be
country whose probable enemies lie within "I'Poscd numerous und their pilots ready
the radius of action of air craft, dirigibles tak f"- " operations of dirigibles
may be used at or before the opening of , " dbt- cI"eflr conducted under
hostilities to pas over the1 enemy's fron- rovvr nf darkness or In strategic recon
tier to observe the mobilization of troops. noisnncc far removed from the field of
their direction of march and probable 1 battle.
destination. A dirigible, unlike an aero- I A lre diiigll.le can carry over half
plane. Is fitted with wireless tetejraph for 11 t(n of bombs or torpedo. In view ot
both sending and receiving messages, and j l" 8 real laigei which u presents, una
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,., . fiiilf", s4 '.. ... . . . J
m..t rr.rwlln alrshtn fahove mhleh
. . , 1 1 . I - -. - -
kv rvermanv In her Invasion
win . ' J - " '
t,.,..i ih Rnttish dirigibles (Jam ma
and Reta. and General Joffre, the French
war commander, who win nave cn.rae i
the French aerial fighters. A French
aeroplane Is reported to have spent Bun-
day dropping homns imo uerman nn
end son, creaming, he would go after
more worms.
ii vnf nn hla tnfflnr tiroceaa for
over an hour. Burlington (Kan Inde
tiolnar to t MutImI
favorite theater tonight read "Today'a
compels .no vie rmrram on iu uri
want ud page. Complete programs of
practically fwry moving picture ineaier
In Omaha appr EXCLUSIVELY In
The Fee.
Only a Small Expense is Required to Purchase a Beautiful Upright
Grand Piano or Player Piano During This After Stock Taking Sale
of All Discontinued Styles and Slightly Used Pianos
Kvery Instrument gold with a Honafldn Guarantee. .,.!,
There never has. been a r1 of pianos to conipan with this sweeping; clearance ot our floor gtocK.
Tht prices quoted are In many cases actually 1pm than the cost of manufacture alone.
Small Weekly or Monthly Payments mny be nrranRcd to suit your convenience,
in order that every family can take advantage of tho bargains.
Note These World Famous Piano Bargains:
Newby V Evans, Upright, now...
Kimball, Upright, now
Davis ft Bon. Upright, now
Stcgcr & Bons, Upright, now ....
Schnioller ft Mueller. Upright, now
Strauss & Sons. Upright, now ....
Steger ft Bons. Upright
Kuierson. Upright, now ........
Wagner, I prlght. now
$300 Bradford. Upright, now.
tana nirhter. Upright, now .
$2IS0 Bmlth ft Ttarnes, Upright, now
$300 Volght, Upright, now
$2 50 Kstcy. Upright, now .
tAC( Whlinev. Ruuare. now
$1000 A. n. Chase, Grand, now
iROO Hteck. Grand, now
$1000 Weber, Grand, now
. 8ZO
Only a Few Player Pianos in This List But Every One a Bargain.
$700 Art Style Flayer riano, now ...... gUo
$800 Wheelock Player Piano, now .... 8405
$200 Chase & Baker Player Piano, now .. 835
$260 Pianola Player Piano, now 850
HO Days. Beautiful 42-pieco Dinner Set
rand or Player Piano during August,
aking extraordinary Inducements on our complete
PhalT, Llndeman ft Sons And Schmoller ft Mueller
$500 Schubert Player Piano, now 8335
$550 Schnioller ft Mueller Player Piano,
now 8200
$700 Stuyvesant Pianola Player Piano,
now 8425
Our Free Offer Continued for another
Free to every purchaser of an Upright, 0
In addition to these special bargains we are m
Hne of new Hardinan, Bteger ft Sons, Emerson, Mc
Steinway Representatives. 1311-13 Farnam St., Omaha, Neb,
Headquarters for Victor and Columbia Talking Machines and Records.
r ' i -xr ' S." I-- r- tvi
Inferior force with a fair chance of de
stroying a dhvlslon of the enemy's fleet
before other units could be moblliitej.
Battlrablps In I.lttle tnsipr.
In general It may be considered that
the offensive power of airships would
have little effect upon armored-decked
battleships. Bombs and torpedoes will
burst on the surface of such decks, tur
ret roofs, etc., and do local damage, but
probably will not Injure any vital parts.
A ship is a small target to hit from the
altitude of S.000 feet, which la required
by day to be safe from gunfire. At
night an airship may pass low over a
ship, but In wartime no man-of-war will
show lights and, unless the moon be
bright, the dirlgtblo has small chance of
finding the ship.
It seems that the principal function of
the dirigible In naval warfare la to sup
plement tho work of scout cruisers, and
that Its offensive powers would rarely bo
called upon.
In attempting to pas through waters
In which mines have been laid, a dirigible
coma possibly conduct counter minlnz
operations. A dirigible can also give
warning of the Presence of submarines,
and, if required, could rid a passage of
these dangerous crafts by launching
bombs upon or near them. Tor this duty
the dirigible may pass at a very low al
titude, as It has little to fear from a
submarine boat unless the latter be run
ning on the surface.
Dirigibles will not revolutionise naval
warfare, but may play an Important ,lf
auxiliary, part In It Journal of the
Franklin Institute.
nay keep In constant communication with
ltu base. The radius of action l a calm
of large rigid airships may be 2.0(O miles,
the provisions made In European armies
for '.he attack of dirigibles by shrapnel
fire, it is unlikely thut it will be at-
and medium sized, non-rigid ships. l.W) tomp.ed to drop bombs on an army In
miles. An aeroplane cannot be depended , or "Pn fortified place. Further-
on for more than 400 miles when an ob- nore. at night It may not be possible to
server must be carried In addition to the j drol bomb" wlth "" dmnee of hitting
passenger. A dirigible can save fuel by 1 lv'n ouJrt- Thepe will be cases, how
drifting with the wind, and It Is well !ever- where u dirigible may be sent out to
known that hv .electina a suitable eleva- . a"iroy a onaBe, an enemy s oingioie
lion a favorable wind can very often be
found when the wind on tho ground Is
Vsef ultima at i-'it.
The greatest usefulness of the dirigibln
will be at night. At the present time
aeroplunes canont be flown at night. . The
dirigible at night can travel close to the
K round without danger from gun fir and
can observe the extent p:iil disposition of
For pure reconnoissance work an army
could use large rigid dirigibles for distant
Hcouting to develop the enemy's principal
movements preceding the actual :neellng..i
bue to its portability any expeditions
li to the Interior of an enemy's country
or in the colonies would be best served
by non-rlgkl dlriyiMes. Thuxe ships are
easily crated for shipment and can be ln-
iiairu lii me lieu iiuiii uu.viru j Would
cr a portable gas piani nrawn ty a mo
tor truck. Lnrge sheds are not nccest iry,
n the ship can be moord In the open to
a post In good weather and deflated in a
violent storm. In cases where both liali
and non-rigid airships might be used, the
non-rtgid ships might observe from a
afe altitude the progress of a bsttle and
the effect of artillery fire. Aeroplanes
would be used for trsnsportatlon of staff
officers, dispatch duty and scouting
within the limits of the battlefield. Tho
same functions at night would be per
formed by the non-rigid dirigible.
In case of :lrge. where the; er.ehiy lias
possession of a great ex panne of sur
rounding country, communication with
the besieged forces could be had by
means of a dirigible of sufficient radius
t f action. Its going and coming wo'ild
be masked by darkness.
Cowpiriae mt Types.
The ufce of dirigibles In modern wars
will be greatly restricted by the enemy's
aeroplanes, which must be supposed su
perior both In sliced and climbing power.
On the other hand a dirigible will mount
several machine gurs ar.d. having a
steady gun platform, can deliver a niui)
a bridge, an
shed, an arsenal, a canal lock or other
large object. The dirigible can make Its
Journey by night, and before dawn, as
soon cs there is sufficient light, can de
scend close to Itii target, drop halt a
dozen 100-pound guncotton torpedoes and
be away before It has been fired on.
The surprise is ho doubt to play an Im
portant part In any otfentiive rperJtlons
of dirigibles.
Bombs Iron Airships.
The efiect of bomb dropped from aloft
In no way compares with that ot shUls
from great guns on account of lank of
penetration before explosion. The best
that can be expected la a surface ex
plosion and Incendiary effect. The moral
effect of dropping bombs Into an enemy's
camp at night mint not be ignored.
Doubtless, the daniuge may not be very
great, but the effect if hourly explosions
certainly be depressing. A camp
orfers a large target, and a dirigible might
easily hover above It all above the
rnngc if searchlights. Its motors would
be stopped or used at low power to hold
position. Mufflers can bo made as ef
fective i.s in automobiles.
The rulea of civilised warfare probably
will not tolerate the dropping of bombs
upon an enemy's city, and In case the
place is besieged and non-combatants
warned to leave It, bombardment by ar
tillery will probably be more effective
than dropping bombs from an airship
I during tiie night.
It seems to be the general opinion that
the use of dirigibles will be more for
reconnoissance than for offensive opera
tions, but that in special cases offensive
operations promise a change of success.
The large rigid type dirigible may be of
service to a navy whose probable ad
versaries have dockyards and naval bases
within the radius of action of such air
ships. The opening of hostilities might be
preceded by a dirigible reconnoissance
over the enemy's sea coast to observe the
disroKttlon of his fleet. A dirigible might
easily pass over ail of the enemy's great
dockyards and naval bases and so ascer-
Things One May Bee Wt WiiriM
the Rohlna Father Feeds
. His Voaaar.
Another week of phenomenal furniture and carpet
bargains values that have never been equaled before
in the furniture history of Omaha. No matter what
you need an extra rocker or a complete outfit for
your entire home you will find money-saving oppor
tunities here such as you have never seen before.
We want to convince you th&t this statement is
true that Hartman's offers the highest grade of fur
niture and carpets at the lowest prices in the city.
All we ask is a call and a comparison of values. We
know that when you see our values you will be con
vinced. Pay us a call while our stock is still complete
it will more than pay you.
Of all birds the robin youngsters are
the most determined to star at horns
ana camp on Pa and Ma. It would not
lie surprising to find a young robin, who
was laid in March and hatched in Hay.
"omlng home in August with his bride
and asking Ma to get off the eggs In
nhlch were her fond hopes for a third
family and hustle up a meal for her eld
est son and his wife.
Last Monday a slim, sprightly father
robin was prancing on the Baker lawn.
He was flanked on either side by offspring
as big as he was, one crying loudly for
a fishworm, the other for a fat grub. Pa
would skip along a few feet, cock his
head, listen Intently, dig his beak down
Into the ground and pull forth a luscious
tidbit. Hoth children would squawk for
it Down Into the gaping mouth of ths
birdllng as long as he and much fatter
would father thrust the bite. Thea, see-
better directed lire tl un the aeroplane. I tain whether the enemy's fleet be con-
It Is not clear what might be the re- ' tentrated or scattered, the number of
result of an aerial kklrmUW between a ships engaged In coaling, the number of
scouting dlrig ble and the enemy's aero
planes. However, a unit of a dirigible
fleet Is so much more valuable than a
whole squadron of seroplanes that it
seems tullkely that a dirigible wtxild
hlps In drydock or otherwise out of ac
tion. It might well be that such recon
noissance would reveal such a condition
of unpreparednesa. that, without formal
declaration, war might be opened by an
ytu! Anticipation
of Motherhood
V h - U SOLID OAK 41 I
e . At SM
constructed throughout of American
?usrter-sawed Imitation oak. The
Inlsh Is of a rich high gloss. Base
Is made with two large and two
small drawers fitted with wood
pulls. Mirror measures zso incnes.
French beveled Plata
set In broad frame.
Very special
at ,
Ing of sla chairs upholstered In Imperial Leather and one large ti-lnch top
extension table which extends to sis ieei. mi "l
thi ia verv mssalve. suDPorled by four heavy rest, tsei
tlfully finished In golden. This set usually would bring
Our special clearance sals price for this week is...
im Burs i'insn
Furnished la either solid eak, fin
ished golden or birch mahogany.
Morlnir seat Is upholstered in Span
ish fabrtcold leather. Exceedingly
roomy and coinrortabis
rocker offered for clear-1
anoo at the unusually
low price of
There la apt to be a latent apprehension
of distress to mar the complete joy of
expectation. Bat this Is quits overcome
by the advice of so many women to use
"Mothers Friend." This Is an external
application designed to so lubricate ths
muscles and to thus so relieve ths pres
sure reacting on the nerves, that the
natural strain upon the cords and liga
ments Is not accompanied by those severs
pains said to cauae nausea, morning sick
ness and many local dtstreaies. This
splendid embrocation is known to a multi
tude of mothers.
Mai.y people believe that those remedies
which bavs stood the test of time, that
have been put to every trial under the
varying conditions of age, weight, general
health, etc., may be safely relied upon.
And judging by ths fact that "Mother's
Friend" has been in continual use since
our grandmother's earlier years and Is
known throughout the I'nlted 8tates it
may be easily Inferred that it is some
thing that women talk about and gladly
recommend to prospective mothers.
"Mother's Friend" is prepared only In
our own laboratory and Is sold by drug
riots everywhere. Ask for a bottle te-day
and write for a special book fr expeetant
mothers. Addrevs Urad field Regulator
Co., 0T Lamar XMg., AUaala, Cs,
WOOD. Complete with
flfty-psuod flour bin.
enina compart
ment, utensil
shelf, silver
ware drawer
and kneading
board. Tour
kitchen Is not
complete with
out this labor
saying cabinet.
A wonderful
value at this
low pries.
1-J mrviNn 1 .'JN.
These rugs woven in the very newest patterns, colors are
o blended aa to her men ice with any furnishings. Mads
of wool worsted In ths very latest oriental
iiaiimi. Huttable for parlor, dining room
or bedroom. A wonderful bargain specially
priced for our clearance sals
Eleiant Solid Oik
Mads with five
large roomy draw
ers each fitted
with wood pulls.
Constructed of ss
leoted oak. finish
golden. Ths mlr
rsr Is of French
beveled plats set
la nsat turnsd
standards. Kaslly
worth 111.00. Our
spsolal elearanes
sals pries for this
week is quoted
S.' "Si i
SBSK i - .IE
Is rvervthina! Ready
sUi for Ilouiekeeping
Terms, 5 a Month
TION. This combination consists of
very massive all steel bed. not ths
very low one shown by other stores,
but s regular height bed. measurtsg
II Inches. Springs are all steel frame
supported In the renter
and cotton top mattrt
complete set for
lustration, r reroe IS Ot SOUS iuim.u. .u uiiuul.i.i ifll
Is of nigh grade opanisn imperial iwinir, vn. m,.mV
mntloB converts It Into a full slsed bed. A handsome
davenport by day and a comfortable bed at sight. Bps
clal clearance sals pries for this week only
Top measures 11x40 inches. Flttsd
with large stationery drawer. Legs are
vary heavy and artistically turned.
Brilliantly finished In gold
en. Regular pries of thi
tabls Is Clearance.
MODEL Go-CART. Has three-piece han
dle, adjustable Para ana aasa ana very
stoutly constructed. Mooa ana oooy up
holstered In imperial leataer.
Larse wheels and neei
rubber tires. For this
a n pua up-
M lint f MI V
U 0 J
mm s ii !
1414-1416-1418 DOUGLAS ST.
BLES. Can be had In most any fliilsb.
la either billiard cloth top or imperial
leather. Folds up completely as shown
la illustration. Tbe top measures 30x30
inches. Has nickel ends and f t
very strongly constructed. IL Vtl
While they last at this veiy!) 1 tQj
low price of w w