Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 09, 1914, SOCIETY EDITORIAL, Page 5-B, Image 16

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Three Railway Lines Now Connect Bolivia with Pacific
(Copyright. 1314, by Frank a. Carpenter.)
A PAZ The Iron horn of trans-
L portatlon and wmiiro has
I climbed over the Amies and Is
now ron-ing his way through
the wlldg of Bolivia. Fifteen
years a no all the rallwuva ,f
this country did not cover 900 miles. To
day more than l.SoO miles are In opera
tion, more than 500 miles are being con
structed, and something like 8.500 miles
have been surveyed or projected. When
I last came to La Pax I rode over the
Peruvian Southern railway from Mol
lendo to Arequlpa, and thence on to Puno
on Lake Titlcaca.
I crossed that lake on a steamer to
Chtllllaya, Bolivia, and came with the
malls on a stage across the plateau to
I Pas. This year I have come by the
same route as far as the lake, and thence
to Ouaqull. where an express train brought
me In comfort right Into the heart of the
Bolivian capital.
In leaving La Pas to return to the sea
coast I was hauled by mules on a long
three-day gallop down to Oruro. where I
got the narrow gauge line that crosses
the mountains and desert to the port of
Antofagasta. I have gone over the same
road thte year, but It has now been ex
tended from Oruro to La Paa and there
are branch lines that will soon connect
with the Argentine railway system and
give a transcontinental line across south
ern Bolivia to the Atlantic ocean at Bue
nos Aires. Then Bolivia had no through
railway to the sea. It has now three,
the third being the short cut to the Pa
cific at Arica. The Arlca road was com
pleted only about a year ago, and the
trains are Just now beginning to run
safely over it. During my stay In La
Pas I have had talks with the managers
of the several roads; and at Arequlpa and
Lima I gathered the latest Information
as to the Peruvian Southern, which, with
Its extension from Lake Tlticaca to La
Pas, forms one of the most Important
outlets to the trade of this country
Only Available Ladder.
These Andean railways are the only
ladders up which one can climb to the
golden roof of the South American con
tinent, and they are the only downspouts
through which mineral and other products
of the plateau can be sent to the seacoast.
From here to the Isthmus of Panama
there are now five such ladders. The
first Is Ecuador. It runs from Guaya
quil to Quito, passing in full view of
Chlmhoraso and Cotopaxl. The second Is
the Central railroad of Peru. It climbs
over the coastal range to the great cop
per mines of Cerro de Pasco, reaching an
altitude which Is far above that of any
other railroad point of the world. The
third is the Peruvian Southern. It climbs
over a pass of more than 14,000 feet to
Lake Titlcaca; and the fourth and fifth
are the Arlca-La Pas and the Antofa-gaata-La
Pas roads, which cross the
Chilean desert and end at the Bolivian
The highest of these roads is the Cen
tral Railway of Peru. I crossed it at an
altitude which Is more than three miles
above the sea, and on one of its branch
lines I ascended to a height of 16,805 feet,
which Is the highest place now reached by
rail. The Peruvian Central crosses the
Andes through the Galera tunnel, and
then goes down into the fertile valley of
Huancayo, and it will some day be ex
tended to the navigable tributaries of the
Amazon rlvwr.
.Railroad In Clouds.
The Southern Railway of Peru crosses
the Andes at an altitude of 14,400 feet.
Its highest point Is about that of Pike's
Peak, which is 14,147 feet above the sea.
It then descends to Lake Titlcaca, and
from there drops down to La Pax, which
lies In a hollow almost two miles and a
quarter above the sea. The Central rail
road goes up three miles in altitude over
about 100 miles of track, and its total
mileage, not Including the Cerro de Paca j
extension. Is less than 2,"i0 miles. ,
The Southern road from Mollendo to
Ia Pas, including the trip across the lake,
covers a distance of more than W0 miles.
It Is 3 miles from the sea, where It
crosses the Andes, and there It is 1,000
feet lower tt'an the altitude of the paa
of the Peruvian Central.
The La Pax-Antofagasta line has a
mileage of more than 7iX mil, end Its
highest point on the main line Is over
13,000 feet above the sea. The highest
point on the Arlca line Is Just tinder
14.000 feet, but the Antofagasta line la
building branches that are almost as
high as the highest point on the Mora
cocha branch of the Central above Lima.
One of these runs from Ollague to Cola
buasl, where there are copper mines
owned by the Ouggenhelms, said to be
among the richest mines of the world.
The other begins at Rio Mulato, betweei
Oruro and t'yunl. and goes to Potosl,
the famous mountain that has produced
billions of dollars In silver and that
promises to produce like values In tin.
The Rio Mulato and Potosl branch crosses
a pass 15,814 feet high, or only fifty-one
feet lower than the pass to Morococha,
where are the great copper mines, largely
owned by Americans.
Moat Difficult to Bolld. ,
Of all these lines the most difficult of
construction was the Central Peruvian. It
was begun in 1S75 by Henry Melggs, and
its first eighty-six miles are said to have
cost more than $300,000 a mile. That road
Is of standard gauge, and It has no gra
dient steeper than four and one-quarter
in 100. It has sixty-seven bridges, one of
which is 675 feet long, spanning a ravine
300 feet deep. Melggs also built the
greater Part of the Southern railway, and
that without cogs, and he was the con
structor of the road from Valparaiso to
Santiago that now forms a part of the
first great route between the Pacific and
the Atlantic.
Outside the Melggs roads, the new line
just opened from Arlca to La Pas has
been the most expensive and the most
difficult of construction. The Arica-La
Pas road is less than half as long as the
Peruvian Southern, and only about one
third as long as that from Antofagasta
to La Pax. Its length is under 360 miles.
It begins at the seacoast, and crosses
the Andes at lesa than 11.000 feet above
the level of the ocean. On somo parts of
the rout the grades are so steep that
the rack-and-plnlon system has to be
used. The maximum grade of the ordi
nary line is only about 3 per cent, whlta
some of the cog sections reach a grade
of 6 per cent. The cog section is longer
than that of any other railroad, and
there are many engineers who claim that
It cannot be worked at a profit. The cog
system Is about the same as that of th
roads up Pikes peak, Mount Washington
and the Rlgl. It does well for tourist
traffic, but whether It will work with the
heavy freights Is a question. One of the
civil engineers engaged In Its construc
tion tells me he thinks that the cog part
of the road may eventually be run by
Bnlldlna" Railroads Everywhere.
During my stay In La Pas I have met
Sir John Jackson, whose company has
built the Arica-La Paa syatem. He is
one of the famous engineers of the world
and his company has work going on all
over the globe. It is arranging to con
nect the Bolivian and the Argentine rail
way systems.
When the Panama canal is completed
the shortest route from the United
States to Bolivia will be by way of
Arlca. That port Is 2,200 miles from
Panama, and by the canal It will be
less thsn 3.600 miles from New Orleans.
Most tourists will prefer to go by way of
Mollendo and the Peruvian Southern, the
gradient of which Is more gentle and
"1 i
ill M'" .f3-X;4
ijj r J A rA '
' I" LZ' ' 7 J
which has also the advantage of the half
way station at Arequlpa and the pleasant
trip over Lake Titlcaca. The quick Jump
from Arica to the top of the Andes Is
liable to give one soroche, and many will
not care to risk the long rack-and-plnlon
system. Some will go to La Pax by one
route and come back by another. At
present the most of the trafflo to Bolivia
passes either through Mollendo or Anto
fagasta. Moat Important Road.
The Antofagasta-Bollvla railway sys
tem Is perhaps the most Important of the
republic. It is now giving a direct service
from La Pax to the ocean In forty-four
hours. There are three trains a week,
with sleepers- and diners. This road is
about as long as from New York to Clove
land. Leaving . Antofagasta, the chief
seaport .of northern Chile, the train takes
you through the nitrate fields and across
the Chilean desert to the Bolivian frontier.
Tou are all night and the whole of one
day In making that Journey, and you ar
rive at Oruro at ahout B o'clock the next
morning. During the first 223 miles you
reach an altitude of 13,000 feet. Tou then
drop about 800 feet to the great borax
lake, and thence climb over the moun
tains to the Bolivian plateau. A part of
the way Is over vast plains spotted with
llamas and alpacas, and In plain right of
snow-clad peaks from U.OOO to 20,000 feet
high. Oruro, the commercial center of the
plateau, is the half-way station, and the
distance from there to the Bolivian capi
tal la ICO miles.
geenlo Wonder of World.
The Antofagasta mad is one of the
scenio routes of the world, and geo
logically and geographically It Is one
of the most interesting. The Bolivian
plateau was once a great Inland sea
hundreds of miles long and sixty or
more miles in width. Parts of It are as
flat as a floor, and the road F.'es for
miles over beds of stone and stretches
of eea sand. I am told that sea shells
are often found, and that fossils of
fishes are In evidence. Some of the way
Is past volcanoes, and you see beds and
mountains of lava of the most wonder
ful character. The road taps the treas
ure vaults of the Andes and Us freight
Is largely tin and copper ore, which Is
shlpprd from Antofagasta . to the incit
ers of Europe and the United States.
Dalit by Americans.
The reconstruction of this Bolivian rail
way and Its extension wss financed and
... A -
oh tJtxJlujn- JcTir.9
built by Americans. Only a few years sgo
Bolivia and Brasll entered Into a treaty
by which Bolivia conceded to Brasll a
rubber region about twice as larte as
the state of Indiana for the sum of $10.
000,000. This money was used to build
certain railroads for the development of
Bolivia. Messrs, Speyer A Co., and the
National City bank of New York got
the contract for the completion and ex
tension of the Antofagaata road. Their
scheme Involved an expenditure of moro
than 127,000,000, the - capital to be made
lip of 113,000,004 advanced by the Ameri
cans, and of 112,600,000 by the Bolivian
government. The American loan was sect-red
by bonds and the guarantee of (he
government. One of the extensions to
be made was the standard gauge from
Oruro to La Pas, another was from -Oruro
to Cochabamba, and a third a line to
Tunes to connect with the Argentine
system. The Potosl extension was also
a part of ths contract. This was In 16.
shortly after which time the work was
begun. American engineers were brought
In and by 1W the line from Oruro to
Vlaclia above La Pas was almost com
puted. Othr constructions were wen
under a ay when the controlling Interest
In the undertaking was sold to the Eng.
Ilph Antofagasta and Bolivia Railway
company, and that at a big prof.
Knallsk Mow la Control.
In this aiy the Antofagasta and Bo
llvia railroad paed "t of the control
of the Americana and Into that of tn
KugliKh. The Americans may still own
mm of the stork, but the railroad he
longs to a;id Is managed by Kngllsh capi
talists. It has been completed to
lax, and Is now advancing toward
l ocliahaniba. a thriving town on the east
ern side of the Andes. The same rom
puny Is building a line from I'yunl to
Tpplsa. the total length of which will be
about 1-X) miles. A short extension will
connect that line with the Argentine
railways, a a? then one ran travel across
country frcnl Bolivia to Argentina. I un
derstand that the Bolivian government
haa already contracted a loan for the
building of ths break from Tuptia to the
Argentine frontier.
The Antofagasta road Is one of the
most profitable roads of all South Amer
ica. It Is the great down-the-mountaln
chute for the tin and ropper ores of the
Bolivian plateau, and, as It has a mo
nopoly. It can charge all that the traffic
will bear. The freight rates are enor
mous, and )hst on coal from Antofngssta
to I.a Tax Is something like $20 or l a
ton. Suppose you had to pay $ for
getting a ton of coal from Washington to
Detroit. I venture you would object,
even as La Pas people do.
Will Create Baslness.
By the extension of the lines the freight
of the road will be greatly Increased.
Cochabamba Is In a thriving agricultural
district, with no outlet for Its products,
rotosl Is on the slope of a mountain
that was once a great mass of silver, and
Is now being worked for Its tin. It is
expected that many low-grade tin and
silver mines, which rsnnot bo operated
because of the high cost of transporta
tion, will be opened up as soon as the
road Is completed.
As to Tuplsa, In southern Bolivia, that
town Is of no great Importance, but all
along the road from t'yunl there are rich
tin mines, and many low-grade proposi
tions will he opened up when the rail
road goes through. As It Is now, the
rhlef trouMa of this system la Its two
different gauges. Some of the tracks are
of a forty-Inch gauge, while others sre
only thirty Inches. 'The latter is the case
with the road from Antofagasta to Oruro,
hut arrangements are being made to alter
It to forty Inches, thus standardising the
American Rolllnsr Stock.
A great deal of the Bolivian rolllnj
stock comes from the United States On
the Antofagasta line the locomotives are
chiefly Baldwins. A great many Rogers
sre used on the Peruvian roads, and on
the Arlca line the engines are American,
English and German. During the con
struction of that road there were fifteen
locomotives and 140 flat cars In service.
The heaviest engine wlghed seventy tons.
Our olvll engineers have had much to
do In laying out the roads of Bolivia, and
Americans are now taking contracts for
the new construction financed by the
English. The rough work Is largely done
by Aymara Indians, who receive from
to cents to a $1 a day. This Is very high
for Bolivia, where the average wages
are perhaps not more than 29 cents per
Notwithstanding this, there Is great
trouble in getting good men. The Aymara
usually works for a week or lrs, an
then leaves. Sometimes he goes awsj
without pay. I talked with one of tin
cnntrai-tiirs last night as to the labor
situation. Said he:
Alcohol Drinkers.
"The chief trouble is that all of th
Imllaus sre heavy drinkers of alcohol
After ray day we find that we have tt
lay off many of them so that they may
.ler up. They all chsw coca, and w
allow them a certain amount of coca their wages. They do not like for
eigner, but we have to us foreigner!
as foremen, for the Indians sre so low
lntelle tnally thst they rannot boss ol
plan. They have to be driven, and the'i
Milieu loo'ts show that they are dls-gi'Me-1
always with their Job and art
rady to leave at ths first opportunity."
The most Important part of Bolivia hai
not yet been touched by the railroad.
I rofer to the fertile eastern sertlon, Jual
over the Amies. This consists of enor
mous forests and high grassy plains
whlrh will feel million of rattle. Ths
government has planned railroads, which
some day will be extended - into tnis
region. These roads go from the cen
ter or the plateau to the tributaries of
the Amazon, and some wilt be extended
to the navigable branches of the Para
guay as well. One road Is planned from
Potosl to Sucre, and another from Sucre
to I.agunlllas, the two together covering
a distance of 'leas than 226 miles. An
other railway Is to connect La Pas and
Corlpnta Corolco, and thence go on to
the navigable waters of the Benl. down
which ships csn travel to the railroad
abeut the falls of the Mamore-Madelra.
When this railway Is finished Bolivia
will have an outlet to the Atlantic by
way of the Amason.
Will Rnlld Branch.
Another Amason river branch Is to be
unlit from Cochabamba to the River Chl
innre. which flows into the Mamore. and
there Is also an extension from the Ar
gentine system to connect with the same
river at ruerto Rojas. It would seem
that Santa Cms Is to be the railroad
center for eaettrn Bolivia, and there will
eventually le railroads throughout ths'
whole region east of the Andes, opening
up the country from Argentina to F.cua
di.r and Colombia.
It will thus be seen that Bolivia Is at
the very beginning of Its railroad devet
tpment. This country Is one-fifth a
large as the main body of the United
States, with the addition of Alaska.
About two-thirds of the land lies east of
the mountains, and I doubt not the
amount of good soil In the whole repub
lic Is proportionately as large aa that of
the United States. We have now about
iM'.COO miles of railway; and If Bolivia
had as many In proportion to Its slse. It
would have something like 60,000 miles,
or almost forty times as much as the
railways now In operation. It Is not
probable that such a system will be
built for centuries to come; but the open
ing up of the 3,500 additional miles al
ready planned or surveyed, will create an
Industrial reolutton 'n that part of the
country east of the Andes that will as
tonish the world.
What Kvery ratkejr Knows.
"Where," said the land agent, address
ing an audience of possible purchasers,
"where else on the face of the glube will
you find In one place copper, tin, Iron,
cotton, hemp, grain, game"
A voice replied:
"In the pockets of my youngest soa' -New
York Ulob.
You have frequently heard some lasy
lout complain because Eve wished the
apple on Adam. -And now a chronlo
kicker complains because Noah didn't
awat the flies when the supply was lim
ited. Atchison Globe.
The Busy Bees
Their Own Page
HILE most of the boys and girls are romping about and en-
A f I Joying themselves merrily these vacation days, there are a
r w I number of Industrious little ones who are going to school.
even iuuueu n is va;iiuu viiuq, vuuuioa ui iuu oncuieu
Immanuel church attend school at the church every
morning between the hours of 9 and 12 o'clock to learn
the Swedish language. Their instructor is a young man from Augustana
college in Illinois, which trains young men for the ministry. Adolph
Mult, our Busy Bee king's father, is minister of this church, but Adolph is
not attending this school, as he is spending the summer in Chicago with
his grandparents.
Then there are Hebrew schools for the children of the Russian syna
gogue and Anshe Sholom synagogue. Here they are also taught the He
brew form of worship. '
Perhaps the little ones, chafe under the necessity of going to school
when their fellow-playmates are having such a good time, but when they
grow older they will be happy over the extra advantage they will enjoy of
having mastered another language, which is quite an accomplishment.
The editor wishes to compliment Edith and Myrtle Hawkins, whose
letters are printed this week, for the neat appearance of their letters.
This week, first prize was awarded to Pora Rich of the Red side;
second prize to Dorwin Wengert of the Red side, and honorable mention
to Helen Young of the Blue side.
Little Stories by Little Folk
1 17. n
(First Prize.)
The Baby's Bath.
Bv Dora Rich. Aged 10 Years. 1130 North
Twentieth Street, Omaha. Red Side.
'"Tlng-a-lins! a-lingl" rang the tele
phone. Then a voice sa'd, "Hello! Won't
you let Alice come over to the entertain
ment?" And Alice, eager to know what
that meant, ran across the street, where
her aunt lived. What do you think ahe
found T Her baby cousin had arrived on
the train and was about to have her
"Now," aald the mother, "turn on tne
water. Off with baby's clothes and in
she goes splash In the clear warm
Alice cried, "Isn't she a dear. Just hear
her gurgle and coo, and see her splash
with her little hands."
"She certainly is a preciaus treasure,"
said the baby's mother, "such a Jolly
little sunbeam, all dimpled with smiles."
"See the raindrops sparkle like Jewels
on her face! Now, we must take her out.
We will dry her with the towel and then
powder her."
"Ob!" cried Alice, "She looks like a
frosted cake."
"She certainly does. Now we will dreea
her. What? What? Tou aren't going to
cry? No, no! Now, Where's the baby?
Here she la ek-a-boo under the petti
coats. Now comes the little eleaa dress.
"Now she may have her breakfast
while we rock-a-bye-bsby-now she is al
most asleep. AVe will tuck her in her
1. Write plainly ea one aid of
the paper only and aambex the
a. Use pea and Ink, not psactl.
3. Short and pointed articles
will be given preference. So aot
ass over 850 Words.
4. Original stories or letters
nly wul be ased.
a. Writ yonx name, age aad ad
tress at the top of the first page.
Itrst and second prises of books
will be given for the bast two eon
triietons to this page eaoa week.
Address all communications to
Omaha Jtea, Oman a,
carriage and wheel her to the porch by
the roses."
(Second Prise.)
On the Farm.
Dorwin Wingert, Aged 10 Years, Over
ton, Neb. Ked Side.
One day last week my uncle and I went
threshing, ont at his farm. When we
reached there we got out of the auto
and my unclo went where the engine was,
and I got in the wagon, took the scoop
and shoveled the rye In the back part
of tt. When the wagon was filled, I
hitched up the horses and drove to the
granary, and John unloaded the rye, and
we went back to the field and got an
other loud. I stayed with my uncle till
4:30 p. m. Then we came home and I
took a bath. I dressed and ate my sup
per. After supper I went to the picture
show, and when I reached home, was so
sleepy I went to bed.
Experience with Pett
By Anna Stoldt. Aped 10 Years, Missouri
Valley, la. It. Y. V. . Ited 8lde.
One day papa went to town and bought
me two gold fish. They looked so pretty
In their beautiful clean globe. I rejj
them every morning with two ant eggs
and a little piece of something that looked
like paper. I had them for about six
months and one morning, when I was go
ing to feed them, I found that one was
dead. I felt awfully sorry then.
One day Krnest brought home a little
rabbit and gava It to me. In the even
ing I fed him some alfalfa and some milk.
He did not want to drink and eat but I
dipped his nosa In the milk and he licked
it off. 1 did tbls until he began to drink
himself. Boon he ate the alfalfa. He
grew rapidly and when he was about
three Inches high we dust put a plat
of milk and some alfalfa in one corner of
the dining room. When we all were In
bed he would come out to eat and when
mamma or papa would look at him he
would run under the cupboard. Soon
he was large enough. II got so wild we
let him go, but soon Ernest gave me a
little meadow lsrk. We had some little
chickens In th house and every time they
said "peep," he answered them. He would
not eat, so we let him go. Do any of
you Busy Bees think he Is dead?
Fun at Picnic
By Edith Kcnyon. S2 Cuming Street,
Omaha, Neb.
Last Sunday we had a picnic at Elm
wood park. There were four other fam
ilies going with us. We came in time
for the races. The first race was for
girls II years or under and the prise was
a pink psrssol. The girl who won that
prize was very proud of It too. The next
prize was a very fine fan, which this girl's
sister won. The next prise was a rose
colored umbrella, which a young lady
won. Then there were boys' races and
men's races and lean men's, fat men's,
fat ladles' and lean, ladles' races. After
the racea all went to eat their lunch. In
the park I met my teacher and talked
to her a little while. We had ail kinds
of good things to eat Then we played
hand ball. My sister was captain on one
side and I the captain on the other side.
There was one big boy and ha said he
would be on the side which won In run
ning so my sister and I got ready and I
won so he was on my side, and it was
very herd to get him out. ' Then we
played a question and answer game, Tin
Tin and New York. We had a splendid
time, although I haven't told half of the
fun we had there.
Hat Mischieront Brother.
By Esther Birrs. Aged 11 Years, Brad
shaw. Neb. Blue Ride.
Dear Busy. Bees: I read the Busy Bees'
page every Sunday. I would like to Join
the Illue Side. I will be in th fifth
grade when school begins. I -est year
ther were thlrty-sl pupils in my room
and seventeen pupils in my class. I have
a little brother who will be four years
old In August. He is quite mlschfevoua
as most boys are. This Is my first let
ter. I hop it escapes th wsste basket.
(Honorable Mention.)
Trip to Colorado.
Br Helen Young, Aged 10 Years, Council
Bluffs, la. Blue ftide.
A long time ago, whew I was small, we
went to Denver. On the way out we saw
lots of little prairie dogs that would alt
at their holes and bark at th train. They
live In what Is called prairie dog towns.
Denver Is the prettiest place I have seen.
It has so many pretty parka with all
kinds of animals. On park, th elty
park, haa a herd of about fifteen buffalo,
They have some eagles, too. I think their
collection of animals is very fine and
One day we went to Morrison and saw
some rocks ss red as red could be. We
went through the Oarden of the Gods the
same day and saw the balancing rock.
Th Irish washerwoman, the freight
depot and very many more things. t
think it is th prettient place there is
and I hope the girls and boys who read
this will think so, too.
Gives Up Doll.
By Margsret Reynolds, Aged 11 Years,
Grlswold, la., It F. D. 2. Blue Bide.
Once upon a time there lived a llttlj
girl whore nam was Ethel. She had so
many dolls that stia didn't know what to
do with them. On her twelfth birthday
her Aunt Jan bought her a lovely doll.
When Ethel saw the doll she said: "Oh,
what did auntie buy me a doll for, I have
so many dolls? Why didn't she buy m
something else? Ethel always took a
short nap on Sunday and as this hap
pened to be Sunday ah lay down and
was soon fast asleep.
She dreamed of a story which her aunt
had told her. about a little girl named
Kathertne. Katherlne was a poor girl
and didn't have any dolts to play with.
At present she was In the hospital with
a broken leg. When Ethel woke up she
began to think of her dream. She said
to herself, "I'll giv Katherlne my oldest
doU. No, I'll give her the one that
auntie gav me today."
She asked her mother about It. Her
mother said it would be very kind of her.
So Ethel got her doll andwas soon at the
hospital. She gave the little girl the
doll. Katherlne thanked her and named
the doll Ethel. She had lots of fun with
It. When Katherlne grew well rh went
to se Ethel, and took th doll along. 1
After that th two girl were very good
Our Peti.;
By Edith Hawkins. Aged 13 Years. 431
Grant St., Omaha, Neb. Ked Sid.
W one had a little gray kitten. It
was the ncst kitten you ever saw. It
was very playful and would Jump up In
my lap and play with my fingers. We
had It for about a month, when It died.
W think that it was poisoned. We now
have two rabbits. One Is all brown and
th other Is brown with a little white on
It. W did have pigeons, but w sold
them, bacaus w wanted th barn that
they were kept In torn down.
Campfire Girli.
By Hazel Mclllan. Sutherland, Neb.
Blue Side.
Sutherland being a small town and hav
ing few amusements, a lady thought It
would b nlc to organls a camp of camp
fir girls between th ages of U and II.
We served refreshments, 1c cream, sher
bet and cake Isst Saturday evening. We
took In 121. We mad th sherbet and
part of the Ice cream, and baked our
cakes. We Intend to buy our suits with
th money. We are going to take an
auto hike next week, and cook our sup
per over a camp fire. Won't that h
A Lesson.
By Alice Thomas, Aged 12 Yeats, Deer
Trail, Colo., Box IDS. Blue Bid.
Once upon a time there was a llttla
girl, named Pally. She was Idle and good
for nothing. She cried and pouted when
she was told to do anything. One day her
aunt brought her a pretty new doll. Sally
wss very glad to have It. While ahe was
playing with I'.. her sunt asked her to
please go to the store for her. Sally
said, "Oh. dear! 1 never get time to play
at all. I don't want to go, I want to
play with my doll." '
She got no further, for her doll fell
and broke. This tsught Sally alwsys to
do what she wss told to do.
Beautirul Hps are those that say words
that are honest, kind and true;
Beautiful hands sre those that do work
that Is honest, kind and true.
Makes Auto Trip.
By Lester Clark, Ased Years, Overton.
Neb. Blue Side.
Mamma and papa and I went to Sum
ner by auto one Sunday morning, the
latter part of May. It began to rain
about t o'clock. W started for home
about t o'clock, but we did not get out
of town, because the roads were so
muddy that th auto slid from one side
to the other. So wo turned around and
went batk to my cousins' home and
stayed all night. The next morning We
took the motor car to Kearney and cam
horn on No. 21 In th afternoon.
Likes Musio Lessons.
By Myrtle Hawkins, Aged S Years. 421
Grant St., Omaha. Neb. Iled Side.
I would very much like to become a
Busy Bee. I enjoy reading th Busy Be
page. I would like to be on the Red Side.
I have Just begun to take music lessons
and like It very much. I hope to see this
letter In print next Sunday.
Lives in Country.
By Dorrls Frlsbee, Palmyra. Neb., Aged
Vi Years, iled Hide.
I am a new Busy -ties and I wish to
Join the red side. I have two sisters and
one brother. I 11 v In th country. I
read your stories very much and would
be pleased to see my letter in print.
In Ice Cream Factory.
W. A. Averlll, Seneca. Kan.
On of my uncles owns a large factory
which manufacture ice cream, bottled
drinks, butter and Ice. The other day 1
went through it. I watched the making
of th Ice cream. First th mixture of
cream, extracts, sugar, milk, etc., Is put
Into the mixer that has been steamed and
scoured and scoured and steamed until
the most hardy germ would ba unablo
to find a living In It. After th mixture
has been thoroughly mixed. It Is poured
Into th freezer, which looks something
like a giant lc cream tub. Then the
power Is turned on and the bis tub whirls
r.round and around In th ice until the
lc cream Is aa solid as It can be made.
Then It Is put into th small tubs, packed
with lc and sent to th different cus
tomers In and out of the city. It sounds
simple, doesn't It? But you go through a
factory and find that It Isn't so simple
after all.
Next comes th making of the butter.
First th cream is put Into a large churn,
which looks like a large barrel with both
enda closed. Again the power Is turned
on and th big churn turns around and
around until th butter Is made, Then
they take the butter out and work it by
hand until It la Just right, adding a little
salt to tt. It Is then put Into pound car
tons, all ready to ship.
Church Parade.
By Msry E. Orevson, West Polnl, Neb.,
Aged 13 Yeajs. Blue tflde.
Every child and member of the Qrac
Lutheran church will be In a parade on
Aug. I. ,
l. i. In honor of West Point s Chau-
lauguas. All the churches In the city will
have a parad and the cnurcn ana ounaay
school classes. Th on church having
the best parad will win th banner.
The Sunday school teacners are maains
arm bands for every pupil.
We are to march frorti the church
around town and then to the Chautauqua
The Chautauque will last six days.
Th tent will be on the public school
Chooses Blue Side.
By Ethel Myers, Wesley. Ia., Aged 11
Years. Blue bide.
I like to read the Busy Bee a page and
would like to Join.
I would like to be on th Blu Side.
Shows Right Spirit.
By Hazel Vroman. Plaltsmouth. Neb.,
Aged W Years. Blue Side.
If you do pot get a prize do not worry.
Worrying will not do it. If at first you
don't succeed, try, try again. It is a
Usson all should heed. try. try again. I
hop to win a prise, but If I don't I wnt
try again.
Doe Poetry Pay?
A palatfnl touring car had attracted
th attention of a visitor to Boaton and
he asked his friend.
"Who Is the man seated In tbat large
The Boetonlan glanced tn the direction
ini! ated and replied:
"That is the poet laureate of a well
known biscuit factory." Everybody' j