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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 8, 1914)
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The Standard Oil of Ancient Rome
Some Stunning Gowns
'Jill; Bhh: OMAHA, SATUKhAV. A I Hi 'NT '
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The styles often seem to ignore the plump woman who Is no longer
in her first youth. The model to the left la a splendid one for "the
woman who weighs more than a hundred and confesses to more than
nineteen. It is of maroon broadcloth, made in the popular "soutane"
model. It fulls Into the underarm seams and falls in a full circular
tunic that flares away from the coat-cut waist. This upper part la all
in one piece like a well-fitted tall-or-nnde
ccat. Thin, and the aqua re
. ... i collar of the cloth topped fly n
round one of organdie, are the aolo
ornaments. The sleeves are long
and plain, and so is the tight little
The girlish little garden party
frock in the center is adapted for
vacation days. It Is of white taf
feta. A double flounce of maline
lace forms a fichu which crosses
froni. and back. Below this the
lace forms a tiny basque confined
under a draped girdle of Nattier
blue velvet. The fichu falls over
this under a confining bunch of
pink roses la a formal cubist design.
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Life and Its Tenacity
By KDUAH LICIKN LAKKIN.
In reply-. to -a numtjer of quefitions rc
gurdlng life and its tci.sc'Hy, here are
results of recent biologies! laboratory
experiments made b- Or. Paul Hecqtierel
of Paris university: ,
Seeds and aporen of plants were sealed
in ghies tubes.. All nil' us removed to
th extreme -niaderit vacuum limit and
then the tubes were Hubttierged In I'qnld
air during threw weeks at the tempera
ture of 310 degreea below sero fahrenheit;
and under IHiOM hydrogen' -Bt the
temperature of 41S dejrees during 7?
hours. -After a 'yar -Bomu. of the iQrea.
ijfidr jdr . two yi, Jt"-t'.!. thorn, t'tserwii
liated and grew.
.Ihls Is ,.a remurkable fact that Is,
Some ofNifte spores required two years
t awa.ken,vf rom their sleep sf apparent
death In JlqulU hyJfBen. : V . .
'Jfe sems, therefore,' t-Ja in the
case of tbeie seettH and .germs, Ho I d a
chemical procens the activity ,9f chemium
was suspended or stopped by the intense
cojd. Go put your finger Into, liquid
air: the cold kills the flesh and the dead
part must be amputated. But' life In
seda of plants, whatever It may be, sur
vtved. Humans have no clow to the
nature of life: calling It a phase of
dhnmtsm does not help, since none knows
w hat that to. ', . .
. My theory Is that chem'sm a a motion
of and readjustment In atomic' states of
electrons. These are electricity. But
what electricity is unknown. Becjquerel
Is delving near to the base of nature.
To "P. T. fc.," "C. 1 A.." "Subscriber,"
"Reader" and "Hex," will say that to
ekplain colored photographs In the de
tailed way they ask would fill entire
pages of 'The Bee" and require many
drawings and cuts. It must suffice to
state here that colors do pot appear on
the negatives. Bates of molecular, or
Indeed, maybe atomic, changes in the
cjiemlcals deposited on plates and films
are caused to vary by the tin r act of
I ' "t.
Ohcillutiuns of light themselves In vary
ng rateH - each rate producing ' colors
fchen viewed by the eye. Thus red, at1
slow rate when compared with violet,
makes -different disturbance of atouiaaC.
say,' silver bromide in tho films than
does the violet or any other tint. Then,
when white light passes these places on
the plates, the original rate is reproduced,
and this is the cause of color effects on
This Is an obscure outline; but go buy
books on color-photo processes; read
them three times word by, word. Then
you will be able to secure a glimpse of
the limitless wonders of the great science,
modern photography that will be on
display In profusion In the exposition
In Sun Francisco next year. A world
university Is building right here In Cali
fornia. The people huve out even sensed
Its magnificence, and science must be
studied now by all who expect to attend.
If not, there will be no hope of compre
hending "what you are looking at," a
saying often heard In the little fairs
In Chicago and St. Louis. Would you
not like to understand? j
Phrenology and Its Effect on Mankind
The Emperors Did Not Get It Out of the Earth and Pipe It to Rome, but They Took Good Care to Keep It
Under Their Hands, and the Vats in Which They Kept It Are Very Imposing Affairs
Navy blue satin is used to fash
ion this quaint frock. The basque
waist fastens in back with huge
buttons and buttonholes for orna
ment and use. A long sleeve is
fulled into a dropped armhole and
is cuffed in white organdie, which
matches the' vest and standing
collar. The skirt is laid in inch-and-a-half
flat side plaits.
Jly ELLA WHEELER WILCOX.
Copyright, VJH, by Star Company.
There are Innumerable ways la which
human beings may find something over
which to make themselves miserable.
iters la a man who has a low forehead,
and he seems to be
tary references to
low brows and ap
plying them to his
own personal case.
"All my life 1
liavs noticed tliut
wfien referring to
tint vulgar and
ignorant, to the
ruffian and the
almost always pic
ture them with low
or sloping fore
headsthat is, they
point to this physical peculiarity as un
mistakable evidence of a weak or per
The young man proceeds to state that
he has a low, sloping forehead. And he
resents the Idea that he may be rcle.
gated to the lists of the mentally or mor
ally unfit In consequence.
This young man would find a visit to
prisons and insane asylums and honies
for ths undeveloped of Interest.
la all those places h would see a large
number of "high brows;" of men and
women with abnormally large heads; with
bulging brows,' and the "low sloping"
foreheads would be there ss well.
For, as he pro t tds to state. It is the
general contour and share of ths head,
not the brow alone, which Indicates a
man's mental development, and the moral
qualities or lack of them.
"i wish to Jay that if we si to judge
Of a man's character by the shape of his i
head, we will lind a much more accurate
guide by Ignoring the frontal develop
ment and observing the back of the head.
"Iong and careful study has convinced
me that the shape or height eY the fore
head has little or no bearing upon the
mental qualities of the Individual. Many
unusually low foreheads often accompany
an exceptional degree of talent and In
telligence, while many other high, Intel
lectual appearing ones upon Investigation
are found to belong to stupid persons, all
of which goes to show the folly of at
tempting to gauge human mentality by
thi height of the brow,"
Phrenology, to be of any value, must
be thoroughly studied and understood,
and the whole personality must be taken
Into consideration not the mere head.
Certain developments of the head and
certain peculiarities of features Invaria
bly Indicate certain traits and qualities
In a human being; but these traits and
qualities of evil can be lessened to a great
extent by careful training and right In
fluences. For Instance, people whose eyes are
placed close beside the nose, with small
space between. Invariably are born with
a tendency to take a narrow view of
things, and with at Inclination to be
jealous and short-sighted In their observa
tions. Yet wise education and association
with the broad-minded . and the liberal
and tho Just will enable the Individual to
control and overcome them.
Ao extreme width between the eyes al
most always indicates decided originality
and an impatience of old traditional cus
toms and habits. When accompanied with
certain other mental qualities genius often
results. Yet It Is possible that a person
whose eyes are set wide apart may have
Before we even mentally decide about
such a person we must examine his head
entire, and we must know what has been
his education and environment . There Is
a certain broad, full brow, with eyes of
a direct, clear expression in their depths,
acompanled with a refined mouth, which
speaks such volumes that one needs not
look further to know that its possessor
Is a man or woman of unusual mental
endowments and generosity.
The shape of the brow has Indeed a
great deal to do with the exact type of
mentality. But wonderful Intellectuality
and great genius Is often hidden under a
low forehead. Extreme development of
the organs of observation often gives the
forehead a receding appearance. But the
flat, low, receding brow of the idiot is
quite another matter.
So long as we are iut Idiots we have
It in our power t greatly add to our
mental capacity by using to the best
purposes all the powers given us and to
develop new ones,' abilities by concentra
tion, ateadfsstnetts of purpose and a lit
tle time given dally to meditation on
some noble thought or Ideal.
To think of noble Ideals Is a far better
use of time than worrying over the shape
of our foreheads
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An Oil Storehouse on the Hanks of the Tiber in the Business Quarter of Ost.la
Anion the many great archaeological enterprises going on in Italy
at the present time the work which Prof. Dante Vaglierl is carrying on
at Ostla is undoubtedly the most important and will awaken the an
tiquarian Interest of the whole -world. The old commercial town, which
is now separated from Rome by a stretch of barren land, and whose
ruins lie along the banka of the Tyrrhenian aea, flourished through two
epocha of the history of Rome the republican and the imperial. Of
these two periods the recent excavations have produced moBt valuable
remains, and as only a tenth part of the town has yet been uncovered
much more light upon the great days of Rome can be anticipated. The
town was founded by Ancus Martius soon after the Romans had estab
"" ,xn ih Tihnr. This earliest foundation has not yet
IIBUCM L il " ' ii ox; I'co wu v - -
I Vv been -determined, bus vhat the town.. was like during t& Im centuries
... . V A.Ai.Mtsa 1rrksrlAr1(TA Kao T
rA wAniihi n rB n now nn BHcei tuucu ui stv-u wlt3 nuV t awov vm
the great Porta Romana are to be found tha huge atorehouses which
By GARRETT I'. 8KRVIBS.
were erected as imperial niagastlncs during the reigns of the early em
perors. Along the Decumana, the chief street or tue town, are otner
imnortant buildings, such as the theater and a great pedestal built of
square blocks of stone, presumably an altar. The pillars of the store
house are in very good condition; near tnem is a column wiin an in
scription stating by the authority of the Benate that the ground of the
magazine was free and open. As Rome grew larger Its harbors In
creased also, and the narrow streets of Ostla became insufficient. Of
this fact we have clear proof. Tha old walls, whose existence was not
even suspected, butwhich are now open to the light of day, were pulled
down in order to open out new thoroughfares. The gateway, which in
spite of its comparatively small size was taken to be the chief entrance,
was really a gateway Into these new roads. The Porta Romana, at the
enl of the Via Ostlensls from Rrn)e; t&i "ow fceen, discovered. '-. Thrs
gateway opened on to the majeBtic Via Decumana leading to the sea.
with stately buildings on, either side.
Notwithstanding all the thousands of
volumes published about ancient Rome
and its wonders and glories, half the
marvellous story has remained untold,
and even unknown. The science of arch-nmlnin-
whose practical business it Is to
dig out of the dust and debris of the cen-
turies the burled remains of ancient civil
isation, Is adding something every day to
our Inperfect knowledge of Rome, and
with every such addition the wonder
Among the latest excavations that have
thrown a great light upon the power and
majesty of tho first, and as yet only real
"mlBtress of Ihe world," are those at
Ostla, the ancient seaport of Rome at
the nibuth of the Tlber..,jOstla Is virtually
as old as Rome, 'and all' through' Its 'long
history wss the cornmerclul metropolis of
the world, as the cily, on the seven hills
was Its political metropolis. ;
What Prof. Ferrerb Has so often pointed
out In his articles In Hearst's Magaslne,
vis., that ancient Rome furnished a proto
type for almost every great political,
social and Industrial movement- that has
affected the world In modern times. Is
plainly Indicated again by the discoveries
of the site of Ostla.
During the reigns of the early emperors
l-Tlbcrtus, Nero and others Immense
storehouses, or "Imperlav migaslnes,"
were erected aa Ostla, on it aS ale that
seems large even to us litems age -f
kiguntto enterprises. Very suggestive,
for Instance,' Is the; huge ell storehouses,
.with Its big vaU and Its heavy enclosing
walls, shown In the accompanying photo
graph. It Isevident that, tho old em
perors or their advisors, ,wers not unac
quainted with the power of the principle
of organisation, et resources and elimi
nation of competition which has pro
duced the Btandard Oil monopoly of our
If they had offly known of the exist
ence of the subterranean stores of mineral
oil that we have discovered there can
be little doubt that they should have
conveyed It to Rome, and they mtgnt
even have Invented "pipe lines," for took
at what they did In the way of aequo
One of the most Interesting results of
the excavations at Ostla Is tho iiisaovei
that the town-was rebuilt; perhaps moi
thin nnna or twice. In order, tint It mlgi
continue to serve tho ever-growing nee.i
of Rome, as Its conquests spread rarto
and farther over the earth's surface.
We are sometimes annoyed by thk
continual demolition colng on In Ne
York In order to make room for larg
buildings, broader streets and great
convlenlenc.es, but we may take some
eomfort from the fact that Rome's gred
sesport town, aa the recent uncoverlnK
prove, experienced these "growing polnsr
during all the centuries of Its exlstenc4
When they stopped Rome was ready
Did YouEverSay, "What's the Use"?
' ": i
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The Katarlsi 1'urtraltf
Jonas lAn, the well known painter, said
at Oelmunlco's apropos of the recent war
It, New York art circles:
'Thero'l a futurist story going the
rounds of the studies, a story about
"The beautiful Mrs. Ulanc had her por
trait done In Part by a leading futurist
painter. When the portrait was finished,
tho painter's valet delivered It. and Mrs.
lilanc gsve a huge reception In Its honor.
"Reception and portrait alike were
great successes. A hundred guests were
giouped all the eevning before the
strange, mystic, futurist work, and you
he-rd continually such exclamations aa
'I. Vine!' 'A perfect likeness! "The eyea
are suprb,' and so forth.
"In the midst of all this the artist
himself, with Mrs. Hlano on his arm, ad
vanced to admire his creation, lie gave
cue look at It Jnd roared:
"Why, this Isn't your portrait, ma'am.
My fool of a valet has brought you
'Veuvlu. In Eruption' Instead.'"
y ADA PATTERSON.
In the present green oasis In the desert
of New York's dust and burning streets,
Bryant perk, stands a beautiful little
fountain. The fountain la near the white
wall of the city's
great public li
brary. Low and
round and brown
the. ripple of Its
ever falling wuter
calls one as the
tender, low voice
of one we love.
It Is wholesome
and unobtrusive as
the fragrance of
mignonette In the
corner of an old
But I have seen
tired men stagger
toward It. heat-
drunken, fling off
their hats and bend their heads toward
It and quickly revive beneath Its refresh
ing spell. Work-worn women stop near
it and their pallid faces rreshen at sight
of It. Babies with old, drawn faces play
about It and recover Infantile semblance.
These hear the splash of the four con
tinual streams of water from Its corners,
feel the moist breath of It and the peace
and cheer of It enters their souls. Home
I have seen bending with thoughtful
brows above this Inscription In the flag
ging at the fountain's base.
: Th's fountain commemorates the :
strong and beautiful character of :
: JOSEPHINE BHAW I.OWKIX, :
: Horn 1843. Uled If. :
Wife for one year of a patriot :
A widow at 21, :
: Servant of New York Btate and :
: City In their public charities. I
. Hi nc re, candid, courageous and :
: Hiving help and hope to the fait- t
: lug and Inspiring others to con- I
rensecrated labors. :
In this limp season of sweltering days
I have seen many persons pauae In this
growing beauty spot of New York and
listen to the voice of the fountain and
read the Inscription at Its base, aad not
"Charm,"" the Elusive
one of them but has gene away with
stralghter shoulders and braver face.
All are heartened by Its message.
The fountain is an answer to the very
common question, "What's the use?" We
all ask that question at times and we
are likely to repeat It much too often.
We ask It at limes when lire seems to
resolve Itself into trivialities. "Whst's
the use of doing the same thing over and
over day after day, and endlessly V ssks
i "What's the use," we say to ourselves
when benumbed and disheartened by a
dlsapoplntment or stunned by a felling
blow. "What's the use?" we ask, when
a soul we are trying to lead to the
heights slips back into the depths.
This Is the way Josephine Bliaw Ixiwell,
a widow at 21, answered the question lu
speech and In life. "It la always worth
while to do our work as well as w& can
do it. No matter what happens to us,
the work Is there and should be done,
thoroughly, bravely, with a smile and,
more than all, with helpfulness."
What If Mrs. Lowell had asked herself,
"What's the use?"'and answered as often
as we are Inclined to do, "There Is no
use." Suppose she had drifted through
lift instead of shouldering her burden
and taking up the march. There would
have been no cold fountain bearlag her
name as an Inspiration to pastersby.
Mrs. Lowell would answer the question,
"What Is the use?" with "It Is of use
not only to do our work well, but every
one can make his character strong and
beautiful through doing his work."
"Hlncere, candid, courageous and ten
der." That Is what we may become
while doing our work, whether the work
be sweeping a room or striking the keys
of a typewriter or holding an audience
enthralled with a song.
"But I am bound down by poverty,"
someone answers. Ho was the women
whose epitaph Is cut In the brown stone
at the foot of the fountain. Hlie had to
work all her life In the poorly requited
service of public charities. Yet she gave
"hope and help to the fainting and In
spired others to consecrated labors."
I'oor and alone at 21, she made the last
two-thirds of her life blossom as the
rose, because she watered that life with
Remember the little brown fountain
when next you begin to say, "What's the
I." ' -
By BEATRICE FAIRFAX.
Maybe we ought not to rate charm so
highly, but ever since the world began
human nature has been attracted by It
and repelled by a lack of It.
Charm Is the quality that lightens and
brightens and Illuminates all of life. It
is not one of the homely, practical virtues
like efficient housekeeping, or faithful
service. It Is, Instead, the bright cover
that attracts us to the magazine, the
clever headline that makes us read an
article, or the fragrant sauoe that makes
a -bread pudding delicious!
People who crave love are not always
most generously dowered with Its re
ward. It is the people who stir our love
Into life who appeal to us. We are al
ways grateful for anything that sJhows
us our own capability for deep feeling.
The story or play that makes us laugh
or cry that speaks to our emotions Is
the one that Is popular.
The quality that rouses us, that keeuh
us from feeling old and stolid, that sttrti
us to desire. Is charm. i
The most Interesting thing in life M
the chase after the desired goal. , j
And the secret of charm is to be a little
elusive, to keep men and women allkji
guessing. The charming woman Is thp
one who does not always do or say Just
what you might have expected. Khe atiin
you to activity and feeling by maklne;
you wonder Just what she Is tt inking )f
feeling, )ust What she will do next, ;
There are all sorts of charm, as thens
sre all sorts of people to whom It may
appeal. But It Is always the aeasonln
that Imparts a sest to life.
To be charming be mentally active,
that you will never be a bore. ;
Ke spiritually alive, so that you will no:
fall below the growth of life and Ideals
all about you.
When the Old Nilus Gave Up H Secret
By REV. THOMAS II. GREGORY.
Flfty-ono years ago, February 24, 1863,
Speke and Grant announced to the world
their discovery of the source of the Nile.
It was a bit of news for which men
had been waiting
thousands of years.
From the day on
got back to Greece
from tbe Land of
straight on down
to a period so re
cent as that of our
civil war, thought
throughout the civ
ilised world won
it was that the
great river of Egypt began Its Journey
to the big blue sea.
Tbe source of the historic stream was
a mystery to I'lato and Boor a Pus, Caesar
and Alexander, Bacon and Shakespeare,
Washington and Webster. In solemn ma
jesty the mighty river rolled along
through the land of the I'haroaha, dvfy
Kgypt, but Ugyi't. Itself, with all Its oc
cult wisdom, did not know whence Ha
! Ing men. to. tell whence It csm?.. It made.
i . t ' .
T -i Qlinf if-trr-'
The long quest for the source cf Uf
Nile, tor the northwest passage, for; the
North and Bouth poles: yes, and the
ancient search for tha "elixir of life.v
"perpetual motion" and the "seoret of
life," have for us this grand significance
-tbey ail point to the fact that In the
mind of man there Is a deathless amkli.
tlon to know and to do to fathom the
depths of the unknown, to conquer th
unconquered, to add more and still more
to the sum of knowledge and achiey.ir
ment Infinite Is the mind's desire: and
let us not forget that this bonders desU-c
Is year after year being more rewardeU
for Ita ceaseless and daring toll,
creator and preserver came. The source
of the Nile! The source of the Nile! IW
centuries upon centuries Its discovery
was the forlornest of "forlorn hopes."
Exciting, therefore, was the day . on
which it was announced that Old Nllus
had been taken by the beard and made
to give up liU venerable secret. In Js
Speke and Grant found Lake Victoria
Nyanxa, which later on they declared to
be the great river's source. From that
royal body of water, i.OUu feet above aea
level, the Nile olns Its 3.4o0-mlle coura..
to the Mediterranean, Into which It pours
Its flood st the rate of fclXi cubic Uel
per second. .