Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 06, 1914, EXTRA Early Mail Edition, Page 10, Image 10

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T'JB HRK: OMAHA, TIll'KShAY AlKH'ST fi, 1014.
State Railway Commission Order
Cat of About 19 Fer Cent
rhedale Carers Tea Tfcamaal
Item and Will "afe fchlppers
Frtr Handled aad Fifty
Thousand Aaaaallf.
From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Auk. 5. -The State Hallway
commission this morning handed down a
iiodlfled order In the freight rat run
which makes a reduction on Intrastate
Treiglit traffic of 1 per cent.
H is estimated hy Hate Expert Powell
that the reduction will amount to about
Kll.pnQ annually. It la also estimated that
the total reduction on interstate and In
trastate charges will amount to about
The new achedule la a distance tariff
placing the Jobbing towna of the state
upon an equalised basis. The ratea cover
about 10.000 Items, Including all merchan
dise, groceries, agricultural Implements
and many of the manufactured products.
The tonnnga effeaa-la about IS per cent
of the total Intrastate traffic, and the
rarnlnga from thla clsss amount to 1W
per cent of the whole. The new rate will
be In effect September
Commission Ksplala.
In Its volumlnoua report covering hun
Sreda of lKea the commission issues Its
frder In the rate making proposition upon
which they have been working; for many
months. In a shorter article covering the
rder the commission aaya:
After seven years of Investigation, re
search, conferences and initiation, the
r'tate ttallwav commission announced It':
new class IretKht rnt! schedule today
The. new schedule reduces the class rntea
n Intranstate traffic 1 per cent. A raro
tul cnmpllal ton prepared by liwle K.ipert
Powell minwi thnt the reduction on Iniru
rtate traffic will SKKrcxntc t".!l.ts"J0 an
Mially. Thero will nlsu lie a substantial
reduction In the interstate rates, the
amount of which it Is IniposrlhM o ntl
msle, but It Is prol utile thnt the total re
duction will approximate, 7.V),i"i nnnuslly.
The new scheilule Is a distance tariff.
T he Johlung lwns of the etslo ro placed
upon an eqiuillxed basis, the fiurpose of
Ihe cnmmisHlon being to preserve present
tumnierclnl cuiidltlcns so far an It is pos
ulile to do so without continuing iuesetit
Imqtiallty or abuses. The ratea .ipply
lo that part of the tiaffic which moves
under the ilasrlfiintlun fnd cover .ibotit
J0.U00 Items, including all merchandise,
fcrocarlcs, agricultural Implement and
many manufactured products. The ton
iaao affected is alwmt lit per cent of the
'utal Intrastate traffic, but the earning?'
'lorn thin class of freight amount to ill)
r cent of the whole.
Mr.thofl I seal by Hoard.
In pointing out the method used In ar
riving at the construction of the distance
achudule the commission says:
Three elements are always used In the
instruction of "distance tariff" sched
ule 1 Mileage rate of progression, or aame
rate xones.
fit Money rate of progression for the
Increased distance.
(31 percentage relationship of each class
to the first class or base rate.
1. la) The mileage rata of progression
carries In different "diwtance tariffs" and
usually there Is a difference In th mile
age progression In the same tariff; that
is, the first one or two hundred miles
may be divided In five-mile rates of pro
invasion, then beyond two hundred miles
the rate of progression may be stated
for each ten or twenty miles. The Idea
Letng to so divide the distance for which
the tariff la made up, so Hint the rates
to two stations, shy five roller apart, will
be reasonably uniform and without sud
den mines In the ratea which would tend
.( give one of two neighboring towns the
idvintsc over another In the transporta
tion thurgo on any commodity or ar
.11 ' vT-:-- ibidi
Ft f
r M Oa. ass -say v
ticle of commerce. I,et us assume that
the "distance tnrlff" promulgated in thi"
(verier was made up In lijo-mlle rates of
prt gresslon; then In that case the first
class rate would he sta'ed thus:
I to ino miles. T3 cents per rwt
1on to ) n lies, M cents per cwt.
n to mile, ?H cents per cw t.
to ' miles; W cents per cwt.
0 to &"0 mdes, 93 cents per cwt.
Matter of t'aetltla.
From the above it will readily be seen
that two towns located say, one, l'" milei
from a wholesale or Jobbing city, tne
other bicsted I'fc miles Irorn the same Job
bing city, could not compete tor business
on a fair basis. The town located lot
miles away would have a JO tenia per
hundredweight advantage on first class
rate over tne other In the translocation
charge. The average distance between
ail stations In Nebrassa la approximately
seven miles. In the esstern and central
IMirtlnn of this state the average distance
between stations Is than In the west
ern part or the slate. For this reason,
the tirat 200 miles of the "distance tariff"
hen In promulgated la atated In live-mil1
ratea of progression, and beyond 2uV
miles In the ten-mile rates of progression,
it. tat The rhaige for the different dis
tances for first class freight la always
used as the basis or skeleton on which
the "distance tariff" schedule. Is con
structed snd the amount of the first
class charge la always, or at least should
be, based on the mileage rate of progres
sion. Manifestly, the charge fur five
tulles should not be the same as for lot)
miles In a tariff constructed for the pur
pose of distributing merchandise, so that
If It lie determined by th rate-making
body that 33 cents per 100 pounds of first
class freight Is a reasonable and Just
charge for a haul of IW miles, the ques
tion of what the charge shall be for each
live miles from one to 109 miles becomes
In all properly constructed "distance
tariff" schedules there should be an In
itial charge for the service rendered by
the carrier at the two terminals, 1. e.,
points of origin and destination. This
terminal charge should be arrived at with
out regard to how far the shipment Is to
be transported.
lavest laratloa of Coats.
This commission's Investigation of ter
minal costs hss been most extensive and
will be siMiken of again later on In thla
report. The question of what Items of
cost of performing the service should be
Included In the terminal charge and what
Items ehould be considered In the haul
age costs, la a much debated nuestlon
and la at the present time being carefully
and extensively Investigated by slate and
federal commissions. After the two-terminal
cost has been determined, the
amount of the charge which shall bn
added to the terminal charge as a haul
age cost becomes Important and should
be made wlih regard to the conditions
tinder which the transportation must be
conducted. A haulage charge should be)
greater In a mountainous territory than
In a level or nonmountatnoua country. In
the distance tariff herein adopted theae
questions have been carefully considered
by the commission.
S. (a) Thla question will be more fully
explained In other portions of thia opin
ion. In formulating a correctly construed
distance tariff thia question is very Im
portant and poaslhly the hardest of a
correct and scientific solution. The rela
tionship of the less than carload and car
load traffic Is so close, being frequently
carried under the same class in the
"Classification." that th question be
comes very complex.
As o Johhlaai ('eater.
The proposition of equalisation of the
different Jobbing centers, which was one
of the main controversies In the hearings
before the commission, is explained and
the Iowa commission quoted In Justifica
tion of this action taken by thla commis
sion. The commission finds:
That the sentiment against the estab
lishment of a rigid "distance tariff was
almost unanimous and quotes statement
to that effect from representatives of
Heatrlce, (leand Island, Fremont, Kear
ney, Lincoln and Omaha. Aa a fitting
comment on the operation of the rigid
distance tariff In Iowa, the opinion of
the commission of that state, expressed
In a rate caae, la quoted. The Iowa
commission says In substance that the
basing of a achedule on distance alone
makes the scale Inelastic and Inflexible.
It throttles competition. The Inflexible
rule of distance forbids the commission
from considering sny question except
that of a reasonablo rate to be applied
'Thursday, friday & Saturday
The event that thousands of
year than at any previous time. Our shoe buyer has been preparing for this for sev
eral months, searching the nation's markets for surplus stocks and sample lines, de
manding always good styles and thoroughly reliable qualities at prices far below
factory cost. You can have pew shoes at less than cost to half sole your old ones.
10,000 Prs
for Men, Women
ajBaaaWjBB t bbbbbbsbbbsMbbbbbb fJsnBsafjnMB-oaBBBSBnsmTjsV
Every member of your family should he provided with good footwear for fall dur
ing this sale, for now two or three pairs of shoes can be had at the usual price of one.
Boys dull calf lace or button shoes.
Men's patent or run metal oxfords.
Boys' dull calfskin dress shoes.
Women's Juliet house slippers. '
Women's tan calf pumps.
Women's dull calf two-strap pumps.
Women's and trusses' baby doll boots in tan Russia calf.
Women's dull calfskin boots with tray whipcord tops.
Women's satin oxfords, button style with covered heels.
Women's and misses' patent leather dress oxfords.
Women's white canvas oxfords and pumps.
Uirls white canvas Mary Jane pumps
v Women's black satin colonial Dumoi.
- - - -
500 pairs children's barefoot sandals. Solid
tan calfskin leather lo protected to style, with
genuine elkakln soles. AU alsea. ( to 11 and IS
to 2. Only t pairs to a customer, at. pair
Men's and women's carpet slippers with car
pet soles. Fancy patterns. Very special bargains
to every mile of railroad In lows, resard
lesa of conditions No other state except
Iowa la So fettered.
The commission Is unanimous In Its
opinion that to establish a rigid maxi
mum and minimum distance tariff would
be disastrous to the Jobbing and manu
facturers' Interests of the state. In which
million of dollsra hsve been Invested,
and yesrs of labor consumed In develop
ment. It would tend to restrict the ter
ritory of these Industries and tm the ex
tent of the restriction would reduce com
petition, with no benefit to the ultimate
The commission admits that It la pos
sible that It may have failed to Include
some towna or titles entitled to specif 10
ccnslderathin, or that It may have erred
In aome particulara In the rates deter
mined for the towns Included, but It ex
presses a willingness to give prompt
consideration and such relief aa the facta
and conditions may Justify to any com
plaint properly submitted, snd In con
clusion says:
"We do not maintain that the distance
scheilule adopted la the last word, or
aimmum bonum, of distance schedules,
experience will undoubtedly disclose
wherein we hsve failed to reach that
much to be deelred result. It is to te
hoped, however, that the carriers will
exercise the same spirit of fairness
which haa characterised the commission
throughout the course of this Investiga
tion, and accept the schedules herein
cstabl'ehed without delay."
To show what the difference will be
under th new order as compared with
the t C. L. rates from Omaha, the fol
lowing table Is given on th first four
classes: ( '
1. 2. . 4.
Miles, old-new old-new. old-new old-new.
60 30 24 25 2" 4 20 1.S IS 14.4
101 35 34 ai 29 27 231 24 20.4
m 'A U 4.V8 35.7 31! 29.4 34 V.I
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
MN'COLX. Aug. 6. (Special . ) A f ter a
week or more of watchful waiting for the
chairman of the board to find tlm to
attend a meeting, the Utate Board of Ag
seaament met thla morning to take up
the matter of aaaeaamenta of the differ
ent counties and the corporations of the
II. I. Pollard of the Burlington rail
road, A. W. Scrlbner of the Union Pa
cific, tag commissioners for their several
roads, and R. W. McQInnls of the North
western, appeared before tha board.
Neither had very much of a kick to reg
ister, moat of their objections covering
minor assessments In some of the small
J. M. Fitzgerald, tax commissioner of
South Omaha, has been notified to ap
pear before the board Saturday and
show why he has raised values on rail
road property In South Omaha. County
Assessor II. O. Counsman of Douglas
county will also be called to appear to
show why there la a reduction In the
average value of land In Douglas county.
He will also be required to appear Satur
day. David fllf Boosters Tour.
DAVID CITY. Neb., Aug. (.-(Special.)
Th fourteenth annual session of the
David City chautauqua, which opens
Tuesday was observed as "Boosters' dsy"
of the most successful sessions yet held.
Teusday was observed as "Boosters' day"
In David City, and at 8:30 about 100 Chau
tauqua boosters started out In automo
biles, vlrttlng Octsvla, Bellwood, Illslng
City, Shelby, Greshatn, Surprlae, Miller,
ten and Garrison, creating much en
thusiasm for ths chautauqua at all points
visited. The program wlft open on
Thursday at 1:30 p. m.
our customers have been
. of Shoes, Oxfords, Pumps
n and Children, $2.50 to $4 Values, for
Women' Colonial in dull and patent leathers.
Cirla' Mary Jan Pump in dull and patent leather.
Women'i toft kkUkin oxford.
Women's brown buckskin lace oxfords.
Women's one-strap brown kidakin pumps.
Women's 5-button tan calf oxfords.
Women's English walking boots of black buckskin.
Women's soft kidskin house slippers.
mm aa
Takei Case InroWing Legacy to the
State Supreme Court.
glate Board of Aarlealtare ksi
Averaae Increase In amber of
Haefcele from Flfty-Foor
( mantles Reporting.
(From a Htaff Correspondent.)
MN("OIN. Aug. 6. (Special.) Th
Council Bluffs Home for the Friendless
has sppealed to the supreme court from a
decree of the Douglas county court . In
volving the matter of the sum of SI, WO
left to that Institution by the will of
Seth- F. Winch. After making several
bequest to different relatives he left to
his housekeeper formerly Miranda J. Mit
chell, and later Miranda J. Winch, the
sum of $30 a month for her life. Th
Sl.Ono left to th home was to be pnld
after all other bequests had been settled.
The home went Into court to get the
amount due, but It was claimed that the
bequest to Mrs. Winch, whose name la
now Mlrsnda J. fUeen, should be paid first
and the lower court so held. Conse
quently the Council Bluffs Institution ap
peals the caae.
Charter to Mladen Bank.
The Mlnden State bank haa been
granted a charter by the state banking
board. The Institution has a capital of
$40.0) and the officers are Andrew Jen
sen, president; Hans P. Teterson, vice
president, and VaJ Jensen,, cashier.
Ilollenheek Files.
Judge Conrad Hollenbeck of Fremont
Is a candidate for the office of chief
Justice of the supreme court, the petition
bearing 7,120 names coming from sixty
four counties having been filed In his
behalf with tha secretary of state this
morning. Judge Hollenbeck la and has
been for many years Judge of the dis
trict court of the Sixth Judicial district
He la a democrat
Increase la Wheat ( roa.
According to reports prepared by the
State Board of Agriculture the Increase
In the wheat crop of the state over that
of 1913 is ll.OK4.844 burhels In twenty-five
counties reporting and a decrease of 4,91,
870 In twenty-nine counties reporting,
msklng a total Increase of (.102,974 bush
els In the fifty-four counties reporting.
Kearney county has tie largest Increase.
1 .To. 1X9, while Polk county had the largest
decrease, 1.08,746 bushels.
(.OTrrnor'a Oatea.
Governor Morehead will speak at a pic
nic at Pleasant Dale at noon next Satur
day and at another picnic at i o'clock at
Notes from Beatrice.
BBATRICE, Neb., Aug., C (Special.)
Jack Andersop, who was found guilty re
cently In the district court of robbing a
Burlington box car In this city last May,
waa sentenced .Tuesday by Judge Pem
berton to from one to ten years In the
penitentiary. Clarence Cain was sen
tenced to tha county Jail for sixty days
for complicity In the robbery. Anderson
was taken to Lincoln today by Sheriff
Schick to begin serving his sentence.
Rene A. Auman filed suit for divorce
In tha district court Tuesday against
Elisabeth Auman. The petition sets forth
that defendant deserted the plaintiff at
Victoria, Tex.
Newton K. Floyd of thla city and Mies
Grace Helen West of Hiawatha, Kan.,
were married Tuesday by County Judge
Walden. They will make their home In
Beatrice. 1
II. T. Weston, on of the owners of the
Nebraska com mills, which was destroyed
waitincr . for better this
SANDALS Asf- 7f s, f- S 1 RS
by fire here last week, says that during
tho last ten year he has owned threo
mills which were all destroyed by flra
on the aame day of th week Thursday.
DCNBARk Neb.. Aug. 6, (Special.)
The bliigest attended annual picnic was
held here today. It Is estimated S.000 peo
ple were on the grounds. Governor John
If. Morehead delivered a strong and
forceful address and was the guest of
honor. Wilbur W. Anness, republican !
candidate for congress, wa master of
ceremonlna and preceded the governor
with an address of welcome. Attractions
of the clean type were numerous. Ball
games were between Julian, Palmyra and
Dunbar. The Nebraska City band fur
nished the music. Clowns, acrobats, bal
loon ascensions were on the program, but
the hit of the day was the ladles' band of
Palmyra, with Will E. Vaughan major
dotno. They played on German Instru
ments and were repeatedly encored. Ross
Hammond arrived In the evening and was
tirlAflv IntrnrittetfMl Kv VI r Anness to t h 1
big crowd. Mr. Hammond predicts the
nomination of Morehead and Ross Ham
EUSTIS, Neb., Aug., 5. (Speclal.)
Everybody, business men and base ball
fans, are optimistic concerning the out
look for the three-day base ball tourney
which Is to be held here August 12, 13
and 14. A larger attendance than ever
before Is looked for by the management
The ball diamond Is In excellent shape,
having been worked until- It Is as level
as a pool table. The fence along the
first base line and the grandstand have
been strengthened. Everything possible
has been . done to take care of the
enormous crowd that Is expected The
management has given out that It will
endeavor to restrain betting of any kind
on the grounds during the games.
Madlaon Teachers Talk Shop.
MADISON. Neb.. Aug. 5. (Special.)
The Malison County Institute opened Its
annual session at tho Madison High
school Monday. The attendance reached
100 the first dsy, and before th week
ends approximately 15Q teachers will havo
enrolled. The work Is In charge of Su
perintendent N. A. Housel, assisted by
M. E. Crosier, superintendent -of the Nor
folk schools; Dr. J. A. Beattie of Cotner
university, snd Reese Solmon of Fre
mont. The institute sessions occur In the
morning, thus permitting the teachers to
attend the chautauqua In the afternoon
ard evening. . A public reception, under
the auspices of, the Madison Commercial
club, will be given the teachers In th
parlors of the Presbyterian church.
Klate Rank for llartlnajton.
HARTINGTON, Neb.. Aug. 6.-C. N.
and V. C. Herbert of thla city will open
a state bank here In the near future. The
new, bank will be located In the Habcl
building, opposite the Grand hotel.
Rtrejaartheaa Weak Kidneys,
Electric Bitters will more than surprise
you after the first bottle. Get a bottle
today. Safe and sure. 50c and $1. All
druggists. Advertisement.
Twenty-One ftples Arreate.d,
LONDON, Aug. 5.-Reglnald McKenna,
the home secretary, announced today
that twenty-one spies had been arrested
In the British Isles during the last twenty-four
hours, chiefly In Important naval
August deduction Sale Bargains
Only a trw of
the many hro
Hundreds of
others shown
saT ail ii.i.i V i ..i. i ii siii J
In Cloak Department 2d Floor
Women's and Misses' Tailored Suits to $15.00 values,
serges, linens, novelty cloth, etc., 100 of them at . .$3.95
Women's and Misses Summer Coats, to $15.00 values, silks,
linens and novelty cloths, at
Summer Dresses, worth to
$5.00, at $1.69
Summer Dresses, worth to
$15.00, at $3.95
Pretty Wash Waists, regu
lar $1.50 values, at . . . ,79c
Long Crepe Kimonos, $1.50 values in all colors and sizes,
big assortment at , 79c
In Corset Department Main Floor
$2.50 Corsets, standard
makes, broken lots, to close,
at, pair $1.19
Net Brassieres, with or with
out shields, to 75c vals. 35c
In Linen Department
Main Floor.
15c Linen Crash or Glass
Toweling, at, yard . . . .IOC
$5.00 Pattern. Table Cloths,
bleached, pure flax, $2.90
29c Table Padding, off the
bolt, 54 in. wide, yard 21c
$4.25 Bed Spreads, full size,
cut corners, Marseilles, at,
each $2.75
50c Webbs Irish Linen Huck
Towels, hemstitched . .35c
Many Other Specials.
Rousing Bargains in Domestic Room
Burton Bros. New Cloth, regular 25c yard values, 50 pieces,
all colors, at yard 10c
Duponnie Silk, heavy silk filling and mercerised warp, reg
ular 25c yard fabric, at, yard 12C
12ic Manchester Percales,'
36 inches wide best colors,
at 7V2V
Scores of Other Items of Equal Merit.
nun oars omu
Atlas E. Z. tfruit Jars Pints, regular 75c, at, dozen 59c
Quarts, regular 85c, at, dozen 65c. Two quarts, regular
$1.00, at, dozen
Atlas Fruit Jar Caps, Thurs
day, at, per dozen 15c
20c Santa Mason Fruit Jar
Caps, per dozen 10c
TAINLY WORTH WHILE. We Offer Real Economies:
A Spaeial Carload California Ulbarta
Trsastona Psaoass Thursday.
The California Peajch asaaon will soon
rlose; If you want this delicious
fruit buy now; Thursday, crate 80
Bay Xlour How. The market la
strong. 48-lb. sacks best high itrade
Diamond H Hour nothing finer
for bread, plea or cakes at Per
10 bars Beat-'Em-All, Diamond C,
Lenox or Laundry Queen White
Laundry Soap for B5o
6 lbs. choice Japan Rice M
4 lbs. fancy Japan Mice. lOo quality
The best hand pick Nayy Beans, at.
per pound .8
Tall cans Alaska Salmon 10o
The best Soda Crackers, lb. ,...THo
Com Makes, pka; lOo
-os. Jsr pure fruit Preserves ..86
cans Oil Sardines 86o
Teast Foam, pkn vao
The best Domestic Macaroni, Ver
micelli or Spaghetti, pka; 7H
Golden Cantos Coffee, lb Oo
Th Batter, Bsr and Cheese Market
Tor tha People of Omaha
Fancy No. 1 Creamery Butter, 87 o
w Cuts
How are your low cuts? Can y'pu use another pair!
Here is your lust opportunity. There smonths of low
cut weather ahead of us, and we make our great clean-up
sale while the buyer has time to get' full value out of
his investment.
These -prices will show
low cuts:
$6.00 Colonials
and Pumps at
$5.00 Colonials
and Pumps at
$4.50 Colonial and 0 Oft
button oxford at aPsS.
$3.50 Pumps and
button oxfords at
Small siies Ladles, $4.00 Ox
fords, patent and QC.
tan. at UiJC
Pricings that
will clear our
racks and
shelves of all
summer mer
chandise In
short order.
a i
Summer Dresses, worth to
$10.00, at $2.95
Wash Dress Skirts, to $3.00
values, at 95c
Wash Dress Skirts, to $5.00
value?, at $1.95
$5.00 Binner Corsets, at just
half $2.50
35c Sanitary Aprons 19c
39c Bust Ruffles at . . .25c
liAVash Goods Section
Main Floor.
Sweeping Price Reductions,
on all Summer Fabrics:
$1.50 Imported Ratine G9c
$1.00 Wash Dress Goods, big
assortment, at, yard. . .59c
85c Wash Dress Fabrics, a
fine assortment, yard 48c
Five Other Big Special Lots
on sale Thursday, 12V1C
15c 18c and 25c, fab
rics worth to 50c a yard.
10c Percales, best colors, all
over. 36 inches wide, at, per
yard 5c
41 aas nAM& Fourth
viuii.wiy uuui. Floor
35c White Crown Mason
Fruit Jar Caps, dozen 19c
Jar Rubbers regular 5c doz.
values 3 dozen for 5 c
The best Creamery Butter, carton or
bulk. lb. 89o
Fancy No. 1 Dairy Table Butter, 85o
Full Cream N. Y. White or Wiscon
sin Cream Cheese, lb 80o
Imperial Swiss or Roquefort Cheese,
per pound 3So
The best strictly fresh ruarantee-t
Kks;s. per dozen ............. .880
Tha Teretable Market for ths People
Is Xaydsa'a
IS lbs. new Potatoes to the peck, 8O0
Demand 15 lbs., the law requires it
3 heads fresh new Cabbage lOo
Fancy Sweet Sugar Coin, dosen 7..0
Fancy Cooking Applea, peck ....35a
I bunches fresh Beets or Carrots, So
t bunches fresh Onions B
Tjarge Kgg Plants, each 10o
Fancy Ripe Tomatoes, lb So
I Green Peppers ....Bo
S Summer Squash bo
4 bunches fresh Leaf Lettuce Bo
5 large Soup Bunches Bo
Fancy large Juicy Lemons, dos. 8So
Kxtra large Juicy Lemons, dot 300
Fancv Ripe Tomatoes, basket ....150
: Cucumbers, large marketv. basket.
for IBs and 80e
Mist Go!
how badly we want to sell
JPTA;: $4.45
$5.00 Oxfords, tQ PJtt
$4.50 Oxfords,
. . $2.95
$3.50 Oxfords,
Small sizes men's $4.(10 Ox
fords, gun metal OE
and patent at ...... aJOC
M w W VX S,' rv
s tTS ,-' A
( 161 &. DOUGLASS