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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1914)
TUB BEE: OtfAIIA, "WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3. 1!H4.
Our Annual August Linen Sale
August Sale of
$1.75 CUrer Bleached Hem
med Napkku..S1.19 dot
$1.00 Bleached Napkins
$2.89 a dos.
$3.50 Bleached Napkins
$2.48 a dos.
$3.00 Bleached Napkins
$3.75 a dot.
$10.00 Bleached Napldns
$7.50 a doz.
August Sale of
All 54.50 Bleached Table
Cloths $2.89 each
All $6.00 Bleached Table
Cloths $3.75 each
All $7.50 Bleached Table
Cloths $5.00 each
All $10.00 Bleached Table
Cloths $7.50 each
Fine Dressmaking and Tailoring
Style, quality and superior workmanship have won for
Mr. Ackerman, our expert designer, a unique place in the
regard of Omaha's best gowned women.
. The new Autumn Suitings are now being shown in our
Sixteenth street window. Get your order in early and
'"Sir ,'.!)!.? ,21 lrVf.TW - -; ll til Avflk M
ItZHZZZD " AMD DIXTEENTM 13TREET3
GOLD. COIN FOR AMERICANS
GoTerament Will Send Money to
Europe on Warthipi.
WILL TOURISTS HOME
trar TmaiHrli aad rhertered V
fli Will teat far Tkra
Jleae Caa Leave Ger
WASlU.f a row, Aug . The armored
cruiser Tennessee will Nil from New York
at I p. m. tomorrow with between 4,0no,)0
(ltd SS.OuO.000 In gold 'or Americans In Eu
top. Assistant Becrtary Breckenrldge of the
"War department and a representative of
the America Bed Croea will tall on the
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4. -President Wll
aon today sent to congress a special
message asking for Immediate appropria
tion of 12,600,000 for relief for Americana
abroad; in . aooordanoe with a plan ap-
FlVt kg OWnUJlf.'; . . .....
The nattone involved In the' war will
be informed of the purpose for which
the told la being snt to Europe In order
that no complication follow.
President Wilson today approved the
detailed plans which were, drawn tip last
night at a conference between Secretary
Bryan. Secretary McAdoo, Robert I on
eiric, solicitor of the Bute, department!
Counsel for the American Express com
pany, and Benjamin Strelg a New Tork
banker. " 1
Congress will be asked to empower
Secretary MoAdoo to appoint fiscal
agents la Europe to supervise the ex
penditure of the 13,300, 000 fund which will
be in addition to the (30,000 appropriated
A. C Miller of the federal reserve board
will work out the details of the relief
plan, and to aid him, trained men from
the War department and Navy depart
ment whe are specialists In transporta
tion, will be asslcned to give their co
operation. Mr. Miller first will get In touch with
steamship companies to get their oo
t.peratlon and find what vessels will be
In order to get gold to Europe arrange
ment will be made to send a United
etatee vessel with the consent of the
foreign governments, under the flag of
the United States to the contrive Involved
la the war.
The (Mate department today cabled
diplomatic and consular officers abroad
ti aimble all Americans in the countries
tnvivd and have them ready to embark
Officials have been told It will be pos
sible te get enough steamers from the
coast-wiae service and plans are being
laid for chartering the necessary num
ber. Mr. Miller conferred with Secretary
Oarrisoa today over the use of army
transports. Mr. Carrlsi explained there
were twelve army transports at Galves
ton, three government owned, and the
others under charter, which could be
sent to European ports. The vessels
would afford accomodations for thou
sands of refugees, but only a few could
be provided with cabin passage. The
twenty-one military attaches at Euro
pean ambaoeiee and the legations would
be put at work to faclliate transporta
tion. tirm MUUwi Mer Available.
NEW TORK, Aug. 4.-FIVS million dol
lars In gold, private funds, are Immediately-
available for shipment to London
and Paris for relief of Americans in
Europe and will be sent by any vessel,
warship or otherwise, which the govern
ment may designate. Out of this fund
there will be cashed travelers' checks held
by stranded Americans, no matter by
what American banks the checks may
have been Issued, and where Americana
abroad do not hold travelers' checks,
funds will be advanced them on their
o n personal checks on American banks.
This announcement waa made today by
Lout M. Porter, manager of the bureau
of public relations of the American Ex
press compear. Mr. Porter aaid that the
money had been raised by the exprees
company and the Bankers' Trust company
of this city and that ths two concerns ex.
peuUl definite reply tonight to their re
IumI that they be made the govern
ment's fiscal agents abroad and disburse
ths t'i0,0C already appropriated by con
gress. "We are taking this step," Mr. Porter
aid, "simply because we realise that
somebody r.ut come to the relief of eur
August Sale of
50c Heavy Crash Boiler
Towels 35c each
65c Heavy Crash Roller
Towels 50c each
AUGUST SALE DAMASK
BY THE YARD.
$1.75 72-inch Bleached
Damask $1.10 a yard
AUGUST SALE EMBROID
ERED MADEIRA CEN
All our $7.50 27-inch Round
Madeira Center Pieces
countrymen abroad. We will make no
charge for our services."
France Orders Envoy
to Ask His Passports
PARIS, Aug. 4. The French govern
ment today sent a message to Jules cam
bon, French ambassador In Berlin, tell
ing him to ask for his passports and to
leave the French embassy and consulate
In the care of the United States.
Ths, French war office declares that
rigorous Inquiries Into the allegations
conta'ned In Baron . Von Sehoen's note
show that every one of them was wholly
GERMAN PRISONERS ARE
BROUGHT INTO BELF0RT
BRL.FORT, Fance, Aug. 4. A number
of Germans were taken prisoners today
and brought Into Belfort.
A squadron of the Eleventh French
dragoons stationed in Belfort rendered
funeral honors today at Joncherey to a
German "lieutenant, the first vlcttm'- of
actual conflict between franca and Ger
Several hundred Alsatians; Swiss and
Italians have enlisted here and have de
manded to be snt to the advanced outposts.
Fighting on the French-German Border
I f 1 XrV
F RA WC
This map shows the different points at which the German army has
sought to enter Prance; also the countries whose neutrality has been vio
lated by the Germans In their efforts to attack their ancient enemies, the
TAKE TWO GEEMAN
(Continued from Page One )
One man was killed and some buildings
The French government Intends to In
troduce Into parliament today several
bills to meet the expense of the war
and to regulate business. One of the
measures will authorise he banks of
France to Increase Its note Issue to ft
400,000.000. On July 30 the, notes In cir
culation amounted to about 11,140,000,000.
This measure la to exempt the bank of
France from paying out coin In exchange
for Its notes In ether words, as the
semi-official summary of the bill says
"to authorise the institution of ' forced
currency." , .
A second measure to be Introduced will
extend the moratorium to other debts,
including bouse rent
Aete ef Aviators.
Before) diplomatic - relatione between
France and Germany were formally
severed last night. Baron Von Bchoen,
the German ambassador. In an official
letter to the French government declared
French aviators had flown over German
and Belgian territory and that the pres
ence of these premeditated acts of eg
grtsslon by the French, the German
government considered Itself as in a state
of war with France.
Premier Vlvtanl In reply proteeted
against the allegations ' regarding the
French aviators and reminded the Ger
man ambassador that France had pres
ented a note on Saturday last In refer
ence to the violation of French territory.
In reply to the ambassador's declara
tion that a state of war existed, Premier
Vlvlanl asked the German government
to hand to the French ambassador in
Uerlln his passports.
Swegea Proposes MarataHasa.
STOCKHOLM, Aug. 4. A bill proposing
g moratorium was Introduced In Parlia
ment today. There are 1000 Russians
here with no possibility Of their being
able to return ha me.
Word was received here today of th-?
arrest at Oestereund In North Sweden
an Austrian woman who Is accused of
being a spy til the servloe of Russia.
Photographs of the Norwegian fortresses
and maps were found in her possession.
Dowaarer Empress at Ceaeaaasrea.
LONDON. Aug. 4. Dowager Empress
Maria Feodorowna of Russia Is reported
to have reached Copenhagen, whence she
will try to get to St Petersburg by way
of Sweden and Finland. She was on her
way to the Russian capital from a vla't
to England when she waa stopped In
Berlin and turned back by the German
WAR NOW EXISTS
(Continued from Page One.)
cheered and sang the
LONDON, Aug. 4. Great Britain
today sent a practical ultimatum to
Germany demanding a satis fuctory
reply by midnight tonight on the
subject of Belgian neutrality. '
Kaiser Answers Belaiaat. m
LONDON, Aug. 4.-Oermany's reply to
fllr Edward Orey'a speech. Indicating the
British attitude In regard to the violation
of Belgian territory by Germany, waa a
second ultimatum from Berlin to Brus-
4 AT I ti
TOLSTOY'S PROPHETIC VISION Interview with
Count Leo Tolstoy by his great-niece, Countess Nastasia
Tolstoy, in the autumn of 1910, the original copy having
been presented by her to his majesty, the czar. This start
ling interview was printed in The Bee in 1913, over a year
ago, when many readers preserved it for future reference.
"This Is a revelation of events of a universal character which must
shortly come to pass. Their spiritual outlines are now before my eyes.
I see floating upon the surface of the sea of human fate the huge silhou
ette of a nude woman. She Is with her beauty, her poise, her smile, her
Jewels a super-Venus. Nations rush madly after her, each of them eager
to attract her especially. . But she, like an eternal courtesan,, flirts with
all. In her hair ornament of diamonds and rubles la engraved her name,
'Commercialism.' Ag alluring and
structlon and agony follows In her wake. Her breath, reeking 0f sordid
transactions, her voice of metallic character like gold and her look of
greed are so much poison to the nations who fall victims to her charms.
. . . ... . , .1 . . . ,
",""'J " !'
versai corruption In her hand. The
war, that the beautiful courtesan carries from city to city and country to
country. Patriotism answers with flashes of honest flame, but the end
is the roar of guns and musketry. ' " .
"The second torch bears the flames of bigotry, and hypocrisy. It
lights the lamps only in temples and on the altars of sacred institutions.
It Carries the seed of falsity and fanaticism. It kindles the minds that
are still in cradles and follows them to their graves. .
"The third torch is that of the law, that dangerous foundation of all
unauthentic traditions, which first does its fatal wojfc In the family, then
sweeps through the larger worlds of literature, art and statesmanship.
"The great conflagration will start about 1912, set by the torch of
the first arm in the countries of southeastern Europe. It will develop
into a destructive calamity In .191 3. In that year I see all Europe In
flames and bleeding. I hear tb lamentations of huge battlefields. But
about the year 1915 a strange figure from the north a new Napoleon
enters the stage of the bloody drama. lie Is a man of little militaristic
training,' a writer or a Journalist, but In his grip most of Europe will re
main until 1925. The end of the great calamity will mark a new polit
ical era for the Old World. There will be left no empires and kingdoms,
but the world will form a federation of the United States of Nations.
There will remain only lour great
the Slavs and the Mongolians.
"After the year 1925 I see a
second torch of the courtesan has
The ethical idea has almost .vanished. Humanity Is without the moral
feeling. But then, a great reformer
the relics of monotheism and lay the cornerstone of pantheism. God,
soul, spirit and Immortality will be molten in a new furnace, and I see the
peaceful beginning of an ethical era. The man determined to this mis
sion Is a Mongolian-Slav. He Is already walking the earth man of
active affairs. He himself does not
him by a superior power.
"And behold the flame of the
to destroy our family relations, our
relation between woman and man Is
the sexes. Art has become realistic degeneracy. Political and religious
disturbances have shaken the spiritual foundations of all nations. Only
small spots here and there have remained untouched by those three de
structive flames. The anti-national wars in Europe, the class war of
America and the race wars in Asia have strangled progress for half a cen
tury. But then, In the middle of this century, I see a hero of literature
and art rising from the ranks of the Latins and purging the world of the
tedious stuff of the obvious. It Is the light of symbolism that shall out
shine the light of the torch of commercialism. In place of the polygamy
and monogamy of today there will come a poetroamy a relation of the
sexes based fundamentally upon poetic
MAnd 1 see the nations growing
woman of their destinies Is, after all,
be a time when the world will have no
and degenerate art. Life is evolution,
the simple to the more complicated forms of the mind and body. I see
the passing show of the world-drama in its present form, how It fades like
the glow of evening upon the mountains. One motion of the hand of
Commercialism and a new history begins." .
sets saying Germany waa prepared to
carry through plana by force of arms If
The British government waa officially
informed by Belgium today that German
troops had invaded Belgium, and that the
violation of that country's neutrality,
which the British foreign secretary in
timated must be followed by action on
the part of the British, had become an
Definite announcement of Great
Britain's Intentions under this grave af
front was expected in the House of Com
mons this afternoon.
In the meantime John Burns has re
signed from the British cabinet and Vis
oount Money's absence from Its meeting
today indicated that this strong peace
advocate had also determined to leave
Diplomatic relations had already been
severed last night between Germany and
France, and tha German ambassador on
leaving Paris informed the French
premier that Germany regarded Itself aa
in a state of war with France, which re
quested Oermany to hand tha French am
bassador In Berlin his passports.
Aerapleaei Harla Beaiba.
The open breach between francs and
Oermany waa rapidly followed by the ap
pearance of German troops on French
territory and by an Incursion of bomb
hurling German aeroplanes, which at
tacked the fortified town of Lai ne villa,
without doing anything more than dam
ago to a roadway.
French airmen and outposts also were
reported to have made raids on German
A tangible occurrence waa the bombard
ment of the French naval atatlon at Bona
by a German cruiser, which, however,
retired before doing much damage, and
la cruising around the Mediterranean,
where a oonalderable number of French
war vessels are looking for such
What the British admiralty intended to
do waa not ascertainable, and no news
waa made publlo aa to tha movements of
British war vessels. British ships bound
for continental porta north of Calais were
advised by the admiralty to divert their
course to porta In the United Kingdom In
the Interest of the national welfare.
Aa to the fighting between Austria and
Servia, the original combatants In the
war which has spread over the greater
part of the European mainland, reports
oome from Nlah, Servia. that the Aua-
trtaas had suffered a gnarp repulse and
heavy losses at the hands of tha troops
of the Balkan nation.
In diplomatia quarters In London It
waa reported without confirmation that
the Turkish army, which la being mobil
ised, will, if it participates In the gen
eral conflagration, remain under the
command of General Uman von Bandera,
the Prussian officer, who acta aa In
elartnat Prepared Keelat.
BRUSSELS. Aug. 1 King Albert of
the Belgians prealded today over a joint
session of the Belgian Senate and Cham
ber of Deputies. In the oouree of an ad
dress his maesty declared that never
alnoe VUO had a graver situation con
fronted a neutral nation. He said It waa
Imperative that eyery Belgian should do
his duty and resign himself to evury sacri
fice that might be necessary la order te
prevent the violation of Belgian SOIL
The king proceeded:
"Our fatherland la in danger. Let me
make an appeal te you, my Druthers. At
bewitching as she seems, mttch de
aruia wivn iure lurcnes 01 uni
first torch represents the flame of
giants the Anglo-Saxons, the Latins,
change In religious sentiments. The
brought about the fall of the church.
arises. He will clear the world of
now realize the mission assigned to
third torch, which has already begun
standards of art and morals. The
accepted as a prosaic partnership of
conceptions of life.
wiser, and realizing that the alluring
nothing but an Illusion. There will
use for armies, hypocritical religions
and evolution is development from
this supreme hour the entire nation must
be of one mind. I have called together
the two houses of parliament so that
they may support the government In de
claring that we will maintain untarnished
the sacred patriotism of - our fathers.
Long live Independent Belgium!"
A scene of stirring enthusiasm fol
lowed. Deputies and senatora stood and
shouted in chorus the closing words of
King Albert's speech.
Premier De Broquevllle then made a
statement aa to Germany's ultimatum
to Belgium and the reply of Belgium,
declaring that the government would not
sacrifice the country's honor, and that
the nation would resist by every means
in lta power all encroachment, on it.
Rerraaa Colemas la Fraaee.
PARIS, Aug. 4. The Germans have pen
etrated French territory at two points.
They first entered Longlavllle in the De
partment of Meurthe-et-Moselle, a part
of Old Lorraine, near Longwy, and later
Invaded Clrey-aur-Vesoual, in the depart
ment The German entry into the Duchy of
Luxemburg waa headed by thirty-five
automobiles tilled with officers, these
followed by cavalry In force. Several fresh
violations of French territory by Ger
man troops were reported today. Detach
ments visited outlying farms at Lepulx,
near Belfort, and requisitioned cattle.
FKHkats Exata! la Mets.
PARIS, Aug. . The French minister
of war today issued the following note:
"The German ambassador ha. de
manded hla passport and dlplomatio rela
tions between France and Germany have
been broken off.
"War Is declared.
'The first act of the eOrmans, accord
ing to Information from a positive source
to the minister of war, was to execute M.
Samaln, former president of the French
War society, who lived in Mets and to
imprison all the member of that society."
Germany Appeals to
Italy tojte Its Ally
ROME, Aug. . -Germany has made an
appeal to Italy to atand with her, ac
cording to the Qlornale D'ltalia.
The paper aay. the attention of the
Italian government has been called to
what Germany deecrlbes as host Us acts
on the part of France, which the Ger
man government asserts constitute a
case coming within the terms of the
treaty of alliance, even though on ac
count of these acts the declaration of war
came from Germany.
The paper says it understands the
Italian government will not change Its
attitude of neutrality.
Canal is Guarded
8AULTE3 STE. MARIE. Mich.. Aug. 4.
Ths Canadian Soo ship caaal is being
guarded day and night by secret service
agents of the Dominion of Canada.
Shipping on the great lakes would be
seriously affected if the oaual locks wr
tampered wi h.
Omaha real estate is the best investment
roe could make. Read Tha Bee's reel
CAN'T LEAYEGERMANY NOW
Americans Muit Stay While Mobil
ization ii Going On.
WAE WITH FEANCE CONFIRMED
t altea States Is Notified Officially
f the Mtaatlea Beiweea
;eraaay and Fraaee
WASHINGTON. Aug. 4.-No Americans
can leave Germany for the present.
Through the Germany embassy at New
port,' the State department haa been in-
J formed that during the progress of mob
ilisation no foreigners will be permitted
- .to depart,
The German order applies alike to men,
I women nl children, although Its purpose
!" ?'"nt V niht trora Ownany of
1 mn lK,be for military service under
- i pretext of oltlsenshlp. The Inclusion of
women and children in the decree Is ex
p''1" y the apprehension that vaiu-
able military Information regarding the
process of mobilisation and eepecially the
points of concentration of the German
army forces might be conveyed to the
enemy by women.
The German embassy served notice on
the United States today that a "state of
war exists between France and Gar
many. It is tantamount to a declaration
of war but technically different.
The notice from the German counselor
at Newport Is practically the same as
the announcement In Berlin last night by
the German premier. In which he sought
to place on France full responsibility for
the beginning of hostilities. The notice
justifies the United States and othsr
neutral countries In the Issue of formal
proclamations of neutrality and sets In
motion all the legal machinery necessary
to empower the German government It
self to proceed as In the case of an actual
declaration of war.
The only difference noted here between
the two forms Is that the state of war
announcement stIU relieves the German
government of liability for the Initiation
of hostilities such as would be carried
by the issue of a formal declaration of
war, a point which will figure largely in
the negotiations which must close hos
tilities in the end.
Pledge of Germany
Not Satisfactory to
LONDON, Aug. 1 Premier Asqultb in
the House of Commons confirmed the
sending to Germany of a request that it
should give the same assurance of the
neutrality of Belgium aa France had done
and that Is reply should be sent to Eng
land before midnight.
Mr. Asqulth said that a telerram had
been sent early this morning to Blr Ed
ward Goschen, British ambassador in
Berlin, to the following effect:
The king of the Belgians has appealed
to his Britannic majesty's government
for diplomatic Intervention on behalf of
Belgium. The British government is also
Informed that the German government
has delivered to the Belgian government
a note pending friendly neutrality pend
ing a free passage of German troops
through Belgium and promising to main
tain the Independence and Integrity of tha
Kingdom and Its possessions on the con
clusion of peace, threatening in case of
refusal to treat Belgium as an enemy."
Hir Edward Grey, the British foreign
secretary, requested an answer within
twelve hours. Tremlcr Asqulth then read
a telegram from the German foreign min
ister, which the German ambassador in
London had sent to Blr Edward Grey
loaay. Jt was aa follows:
"Please dispel any distrust that may
subsist on the part of the British govern,
ment with regard to our lnten'ions by re
repeating most positively the formal as
surance that even in case of armed oon.
fllct with Belgium, Germany will under
no pretensions whatever an f x Belgium
"We understand that Belgium cate
gorically refused to assent to a flagrant
violation of the law of nations.
"His majesty's government was bound
to protest against this violation of a
treaty to which Germany was a party
, common wlth e,,,,.,,,,' fcn,
quest an assurance that the demand made
on Belgium by Germany be not proceeded
with and that Belgium's neutrality be
respected by Germany, and we have asked
for an Immediate reply.
"Wa received this morning from our
minister in Brussels the following tele
gram: " 'The German minister has this morn
ing addressed a note to the Belglsu min
ister for foreign affairs stating that aa
the Belgian government hi., declined a
well-intentioned proposal submitted to it
by the Imperial German government, the
latter, deeply to Its regret, will be cu
pelled to carry out. If necessary by force
of arms, the measures considered Indls
penslble In view of the French menace.' "
Martial Law in Part
Declared in England
LONDON, Aug. 4. A special Issue of
the London Casette this evening pro
claims a sort of martial law In the
The proclamation, which bears the sig
nature of King George, says:
"Whereas, The present state of public
affaire In Europe la aucb as to constitute
an Imminent national danger, we strictly
command and enjoin our subject, to obey
and conform to all Instructions and regu
lations which may be Issued by ua or by
our admiralty and army council, or by
any officer of our navy and army, or by
any other person acting in our behalf
for securing the objects aforesaid; and
not to hinder or obstruot but to afford
all ths assistance In their power to any
person acting in accordance with such
Instructions in- the execution of any
measures taken for securing thoee ob
Held Up in Germany
BRUSSELS. Aug. ' 4. Hundreds of
American tourists, surprised by events in
the European situation, hurried from
Switzerland and Germany to Luxemburg
and Belgtunv. Railroad communication
being Interrupted at the Oerman frontier,
many hired horsee and carriages, piling
their baggage on tha vehicles. Others
arrived exhausted on foot in Luxemburg,
whence a great party reached Oatend ea
route for London.
Several hundred tourist, are aaid to
have been held between BaaeL Bwttaer
land and Luxemburg, the German author
ities refusing to let them continue ea
Great Distress Among
.Tourists Marooned in
Holland and France
LONDON. Aug. 4. Arriving todsy on
what probably will be the last boat for
some time rrom the Hook of Halland, W.
T. Metxrath of New Brunswick. N. J.,
reported that the harbor at the Hook was
being mined and that countless Ameri
cans were stranded in the Netherlands.
"At Hanover, Prussia, where I stopped
while on my Berlin, I saw a
woman and two children with 12,500 in
checks, but without any cash. The
American consul was unable to aid her.
"Americans, however, are showing a
splendid spirit and are dividing their last
crust We traveled for twenty-fair
hours without food, locked In the cars all
night in cramped positions. There was
great suffering, but the children and
women remained gamo.
"The Germans," he continued, ' are en
thusiastic for war, the men and women
joining In patriotic demonstrations. A
rumor that Russia had decided on peace
was received with regret One German
said to me: 'It Is a bad thing; we want
to have it out now.' "
There wa. a big line of people In the
street in front of the American Express
company offices In London today waiting
to cash checks. Great crowds also
thronged about the steamship offices.
The United States embassy waa filled
with Americans making the usual re
quests for money and for ships to take
them home. A few asked for rassport
hoping to rescue relatives on the con
tinent. PARIS, Aug. 4. The scarcity of
provisions In Paris and the withholding1
of money by the French banks today in
creased the seriousness of the situation so
far as it affected Americans.
Henry W, Dlederlch, the American con
sul general in Paris, sent a cablegram
to Washington asking the State depart
ment to send a relief ship to relieve the
distress of American clttxena.
Elbert H. Gary and H. H. Harges.
chairman and secretary respectively of
the committee formed to aid Americans
in Paris, have issued a circular, which
reads In part as follows: "The secretary
has received the names of many hun
dreds of Americans who are here, and he
Is learning their particular circumstances
and desires concerning transportation and
so forth. The committee is obtaining the
facts relating to their financial condition
and the means of departure from
The United States embassy issued about
1,000 certificates of American nationality
and the consulate general handed out as
many more. All day at the embassy the
crowd never numbered less than 1,000 until
The French authorities will recognise a
simple certificate, signed and sealed by
the American embassy or the consulate
general and saying that the bearer Is an
American. Those with such certificates
may either remain In France or loave
without hindrance from the mllitary
The French line steamer Chicago Is to
sail from Havre on Saturday next
WAR TO BE DECIDED
BY BATTLES ON LAND
(Continued from Page One.)
complete seourity cannot save U from the
serloua ordeal due to 'the Interruption of
International commerce. , .
At the other extreme Is Russia, which
doe. not import food and which Would
be comparatively little affected by (ho
stoppage' of sea-borne trade. Midway in
the economic scale stands France, Ger
many and Austria, and France certainly
should be powerfully aided by our naval
support for Its sea-borne commerce. But
it is tolerably certain that the scales of '
war will be turned on land by the terrible
swiftness of modern campaigns and the
tremendous economic strain apart from
all questions of overseas trade upon the
Meaas Uatoia Safferlag.
There we have no adequate experience
to guide ua. The only certain knowledge
Is that credit la already paralysed, that .
Industry will be partially paralysed In re
turn and that high prices and lost wages
will produce a situation among tana of
miUlona of European worklngmen which
It la a grim thing to contemplate.
The question of sending a British expe
ditionary foroe to aid France la still. It
appears, undecided. The line taken - by
Foreign Minister Sir Edward Grey about
the Infringement of Belgian neutrality
seems to point to a dispatch of force with
all its far-reaching consequence, to the
future of thl. country.
The report that Au.trla I. relaxing
against Servia and preparing for concen
tration north In a decisive area has the
air of probability. It is hardly realised in
what a critical position Germany stands
If only Russian mobilisation tskes effect
before any decisive blow baa been dealt
against France and before Austria is pre
pared to give effective assistance,
Station is Closed
NEW TORK. Aug. 4.-The transatlantic
wireless station at Tuckerton. N. J.,
communicating direct with a tower at
Hanover, Germany, and not with ships
at sea la to be closed because of the fear
that to remain open would be a violation
of the neutrality laws. This announce
ment, made today, followed the receipt
of meesagea at the Sayvllle (L I.) ata
tlon of the Atlantic Communication com
pany that the Oerman government had
seised the Hanover tower and also the
Telefunken tower at Naven, Oermany.
with which the Sayville tower communi
The Sayvllle tower will continue to com
municate with ships at sea, but has no
direct communication with Germany.
The managers of the Tuckerton tower
considered that if they send even the
moat Innocent Information of tha war
development, it might be construed by
the enemies of Germany as a hostile act
from a neutral shore.
Japan to War When
England Gives Word
TOKIO, Aug. 4. The Japanese foreign
office today laaued a statement that If
the war extends to the far east and Eng
land Is Involved In it Japan may find It
necessary to participate In fulfillment of
the Anglo-Japanese alliance.
Ths Japanese proclamation was gener
ally interpreted aa preparing the people
of Japan for action of the Japanese navy
as soon Great Britain's declsioe has bees
The German fWet is very active around
Klao Chau and has already captured a
Wuaataa cattle steamer.
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