Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1914)
French Capture German
ers After Battle at
wn n nr-
VOL. XLIV-NO. 41.
OMAHA, WKIWKSDAY MORNINU, AUdUST . 1914 TWELVE PAUHS.
C Trains and at
otal Hews Standi, 5ft.
single; copy two cents.
WAR NOV EXISTS
A(ID THE GERMANS
Renter's Telegraph Company in
London Announces State of
ENGLAND SENDS ULTIMATUM
It Demands that Germany Respect
Neutrality of Belgium and Asks
Answer by Midnight.
ORDERS THE ARMY MOBILIZED
King George Reads Proclamation
from Steps of Royal Exchange
l Amid Great Cheering.
GERMANY ANSWERS BELGIUM
Second Note Says it Will Use as
Much Force as Necessary to
Reach French Frontier
MORE TROOPS ACROSS BORDER
Another German Column is Reported
East of Liege.
KAISER SENDS NOTE TO SWEDEN
Asks It Kingdom la For or Against
Vm Ministers Announce They
Are Preparing; to Defend .
LONDQJT, Aug. 4. Great Britain
lias formally declared war on Ger
J LONDON, Aug. 4. Germany has
declared war ;tra Great Britain, ac
cording the official announce
ment. '; V. ' .. " " '
' "" ' BULLETIN.
LONDON, Aug. 4. ll:2o p. m.
Reuter's Telegraph company an
nounces that it learns that a state Of
war exisits between . Great Britain
LONDON, Aug. 4. Premier As
quith in the House of Commons con
firmed tbe sending to Germany of a
request that It should give the same
assurance of the neutrality of Bel
gium as France had done and that
ittt reply should be sent to England
LONDON, Aug. 4. TThe House
of Commons today voted $525,000,
000 for emergency purposes and
ps:-sed several bills in five minutes
without a dissenting voice.
LONDON, Aug. 4. -A proclama
tion by King George commanding
tbe mobilization of the British army
was read today from tbe steps of the
Royal Exchange. A huge crowd
(Continued on Page Two.)
Forecast till T p. m. Wednesday:
For Omaha, Council Bluffs and Vicinity
Partly cloudy; no Important change In
& a. m
7 a. m
8 a. m
9 a. m
10 a. m
11 a. m
1 p. in
2 p. in
3 p. m
4 p. m
5 p. m
6 p. in
T p. m
S p. ni
Comparative. local Record
iu. lsia. m. i9ii.
Highest yesterday .
lxwest yesterday ..
Mean temperature .
2 so W k
Temperature and precipitation
turas irom tna normal:
Normal temperature 7
Kxcesa for the day 6
Total excess since March 1 348
INormal precipitation .12 Inch
le(iciency for the day 11 inch
Total rainfall ainc March 1. .14. M inches
Deficiency since March 1 M Inches
lieflcleocy for cor. period. 1WS. 3. 2S inches
Deficiency for oor. period. 1912. S.fcO Inches
Reports f ram Stattoua at T P. M.
fctatlon and mate Temp. High- Rain-
of Weather. p. m.
Cheyenne, clear 82
Ja Moines, Pt. cloudy.. M
T lodge City. rain. 70
J-amier, clear M
North Platte, clear i
Omaha, pt. cloudy 84
Pueblo, clear 78
Hatld City, clear
fanta Fa, cloudy 74
Sheridan, pt. cloudy M
tiioui City, pt. cloudy M
Valentine, clear U
l Ml I
92 .01 I
"T" Indicates trace of precipitation.
V. A. WELSH. Local Forecaster.
I . t. . "i
I Ju,l Ms keep ''"'.'lllW'fjS -X
Drawn for The Be by Powell.
TREASURE SHIP .
RETURNS TO U. S.
Kron Prinzessin Cecilie, Carrying
Eleven Million Dollars in Spe
cie, Lands in Bar Harbor.
DODGES FRENCH . WARSHIPS
Praetleallr Alt Lights ir Covered
; and Record speed, la Made Pas-
Offer (a .Bar
BAR HARBOR. Me., Aug. 4 The North
German Lloyd steamer, Kron Prlnx3nsln
Cecilie, carrying more than 110,000,000 In
gold and whose whereabouts have been a
mystery since it sailed from New York
last Tuesday, arrived In the harbor here
The Cecello dropped anchor at 6 o'clock
this morning after a forced run of four
days, its officers fearing capture.
With a cargo of 310,000,000 in gold and
$1,000,000 In silver, consigned to French
and English bankers, ' with an estimated
value of over 35,000,00) In Itself, the Kron
Prlnsessln Cecilie has constituted prob
ably Ithe finest sea prize ever open to
As It crept along the Maine coast and
Into the harbor under the cover of night,
each deck and every port hole was blan
keted with canvas, so that not a gleam of
Ught betrayed Its whereabouts. Its four
sticks had been tipped with black paint
so that It resembled an English steam
ship. Karaprs in Fob.
At one time capture seemed Imminent.
Captain Charles Polack reported on Hun
day that he had Intercepted a wireless
message from one French vessel to an
other giving warning of the Cecelia's
proximity, but under the protection of a
fog the North German Lloyd liner es
caped. The Kron Prinzessin Cecilia left New
Tork early last Ttnsday morning, bound
for Bremen, via Plymouth and Cherbourg.
It had 300 first-class, 130 second class
and 736 steerage ' passengers. About s
third of the first-class are Germans, who
sailed to anticipate the war crisis, whoso
sudden precipitation drove them back to
America. The rest were Americana. -
Friday night while a" dance was In
progress, one of the passengers noticed
that the position of the moon had un
accountably shifted to the port side of the
ship. Before the significance of this was
realised the captain called the men Into
the smoking room. ' .
"Gentlemen," he said, ''war has been
declared between England, Franca, Ger
many and Austria; we ar going back to
America, We have enough coal for our
return home and It Is my earnest hope
that we shall not be Intercepted by for
eign war vessels."
There was nervous laughter, applause,
oaths, congratulations, protests, which
gave way to apprehension as the serious
ness of the situation became apparent.
Ship Sails la Darksni.
Electric lights were turned off and the
ship was covered from prow to stern in
canvas. This smothered whatever beams
of light escaped through clinks In the
stateroom windows. According to the
khlp's log. It was then 46 44 north' latitude,
30.21 west longitude. In two daya it would
have docked at Plymouth.
A group of financiers on board offered
to buy the ship and sail it under Ameri
can colore. But to all proposals the cap-
(Continued on Page Three.)
YOUNG man over 2u yaara of age. wltti
experience In selling, can mako a per
manent and highly remunerative con
nection; prefer man of wide acquaint
ance In oantern Nebraska and weatei'.i
Iowa; give references and full particu
lars as to previous employment in first
letter; correspondence confidential.
Tor farther inf ormstio about this
Soalttoa. see the Waat At Seeuoa of
At Least as Calm as You Can.Bo
The Bee's Readers
New York World
Special War News
In addition to
Full Reports of the
LOCAL BANKS STAY
ON A CASH BASIS
Decide that Clearing House Certifi
cates Will Not Be Necessary
DO NOT FOLLOW OTHER CITIES
Have Utmost Confidence lu Their
Ability to Handle tbe Pres
ent Situation In the Hesj
Omaha bankers do not expect the New
York and Chicago banks to remain on a
clearing; house basis long, as they be
lieve the situation will clear up In three
or four days, especially If the Vreeland
Aldrlch currency law Is brought Into
play. This they feel will relieve at once
the situation brought about In the east
by the desire to retain America's gold
aupply and prevent It from flowing to
Europe during the war scare.
The Omaha banks do not expect to go
(71 a clearing house check basis at all.
They believe it ' will not be necessary
One relief they uoint to Is the fuct that
the Omaha banks are soon to receive
11,000,000 of money from the federal
treasury for crop moving purposes. This
they say, they have reason to believe
they could get Immediately If they should
ask. for it, but they have not asked for
a rush order. They feel, too, that the
general distribution of the crop moving
tncney of the federal government all
over the United States, will have a
tendency to loosen things up and cause
everything to go along nicely.
In Uood Shape.
The amount the federal government
has agreed to loan the banks through
out the country for crop moving pur
poses is some $34,000,000.
; "Wo believe now that we will get along
nicely without Issuing any clearing house
checks," said a banker, "and we believe
that when U Is all over in a few weeks,
will be able to get on a hill and crow,
it will be a big thing for Omaha to be
able to say that we felt no financial dis
turbance hero at all on account of the
war flurry, when some of the eastern
cities were iasuing house certificates."
Bankers In Omaha generally are feel
lug opttmtstlo as they say they see no
reason for Issuing checks, as their cur
rency supply is good, and they have
reserves In Chicago and other eastern
points. The rush of foreigners for the
withdrawal of their deposits Is not felt
in Omaha as it is In the east, where
maay foreigners are preparing to return
to their honuj.
WOULD BAR ALIENS WHO
LEAVE AMERICA TO FIGHT
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4 A bill to ex
elude from re-admisslon Into the I'nlled
Slates all aliens who leave to engage
in a furelgn war was Introduced today by
Representative Harrison of Mississippi.
WAR TO BE DECIDED
BYBATTLES ON LAND
Supreme as Are Enemies of Triple
Alliance on Sea, Armies
Likely to Decide.
HOW NAVAL STRENGTH STANDS
Germany Now in Critical Position
and ttnlck Blows Mar Settle,
Fats of Nartona in .., ( .
(Copyright, 1914, Press Publishing Co.)
Uy EKSKINK CHII.DKKN,
One nf the foremost military experts of
LONDON. Aug. 3.-(Speclal Cablegram
to the New York World and Omaha Bee.)
Tonight It seems necessary to aesume
that we are at war. It la too late for
public argument or protests. Fate drives
and drives at headlong speed.
The Immediate- result of our accession
to the aid of France and Russia would
be vast chango of strength in the bal
ance of naval strength of three powers
so allied. Uofore our decision, if acces
sion be decided on, the naval position
will be as follows:
In the Mediterranean, with Italy stand
ing aside, Fiance and Russia, the
foimcr with its main tleet of nine
dreadnoughts, eleven other battleships
arid minor vessels, and the latter with
Its Black Sea fleet ready, no doubt, to
ignore the treaty which confines It to
that sea, wei-o overwhelmingly strong
tor Austria's fleet with only two dread
noughts, a relatively negligible quantity,
while the German cruiser In the Mediter
ranean, Is non-existent.
Situation !n .North.
In the North Elca, on the other hand,
Germany with thirteen dreadnoughts and
twelve other battleahlps was overwhelm
ingly strong against the almost negligible
Baltic fleet of Russia of but two dread
noughts, and the minor vessels belong
ing to France.
This distribution of the French navy
was the result of an agreement made
sometime ago for the protection of the
Mediterranean where we have but a
small fleet, but our policy clearly had
an Influence In bringing about our In
tervention In the war with the object
of protecting the undefended Northern
Our Intervention will change the whole
naval central in this and every other
quarter. Our powerful first and second
fleets with the twenty dreadnoughts and
tenty-two olher battleships should
make commanl of the North Sea and
consequently of the seas of the whole
world, secure for ourselves and for our
How far naval forces will determine th
Issue of the war la another matter. My
Impression Is that Ita effect will be sec
ondary. To Great Britain, dependent to
the extent of two-thirds on Imported sup
plies and raw material for Industry, naval
security Is vital, though even the most
(Continued ou Page Two)
The National Capital
Tuesday, Anaoat 4, 1014.
Met at 11 a. in
Beuatur MfCumber Introduced a resolu
tion directing President Wilson to offer
the servicts of the United Btates to bring
about mediation or arbitration of the
The bill to remove inhibitions against
foreign ships Joining American registry
Was considered In committee.
The anu iiflni.nt to the bank law to re
move restrictions on iuuue of extra cur
rency was finally passed.
Met at noon.
K'presentalive Harrisou Introduced a
bill to bar from re-entry to I ho lulled
biaies all aliens who leave for the war.
Amendments to remove restrictions on
the issue of currency were finally paed.
Ten Thousand Men, Backed by
Heavy Artillery, Attack Servians
Repulsed with Slaughter
MORE FIGHTING ALONG SAVE
Austrian Force Supported by Twenty
Monitors Tries in Vain-for Six
Days to Cross River.
BOMBARDS FRENCH STATION
German Cruiser Breslau Throws Few
Shells at Bona, Algiers, and
GERMAN AIRSHIP DROPS BOMBS
Slight Damage to Property in Vicin
ity of Luneville, France.
RUSSIAN GUARD IS REPULSED
Party Which Attacked Mernel, Bloat
Northerly Seaport ot tierntany,
is Hepolaed by the
PARIS, Aug. 4. A dispatch from
Mali, Servia, to the Matin says the
Austrian troops were defeated, with
heavy losses, In a battle against the
Servians on Sunday near Bemendrla.
, The regiments of Austrian infan
try, comprising nearly 10,000 men,
supported by heavy artillery, ad
, vanced against the Servians-. Jut
were repulsed, leaving many of their
number dead and wounded on the
field. A large force of Austrian
troops, aided by a flotilla of twenty
monitors, has been trying for the
last six days to cross the River Save
Into Servian territory, but has not
succeeded in landing.
BRUSSELS, Aug, 4. A special
train carrying all tbe securities ot
the National Dank of Belgium . left
here for Antwerp during the night.
I.ONDON, Aug. 4. The German
cruiser Breslau bombarded tbe
French naval station of Bona, Al
geria, at 4 o'clock this morning, af
terward steaming off at full speed
in a westerly direction, according to
a dispatch received at the French
PARIS, Aug. 4. A German aero
plane last evening dropped three
bombs on the fortified town of
Luneville, to the southeast of Nancy.
Some property damage was caused,
but there were no fatalities.
Dl l. I.K.TIN.
BERLIN. Aug. 4. A body of
Russian frontier guards from Krot
tlngen was driven back yesterday by
a part of the garrison of the Ger
man seaport of Memel, the most
northerly town in German territory.
BRUSSELS. Belgium, Aug. 4.
Rumors were in circulation today
that Germany had actually declared
war on Belgium. German troops
crossed the frontier at Gemuienleh,
near the Junction of the Dutch, Bel-
l glan and Uerrman frontiers.
LONDON, Aug. 4 A second ultimatum,
sent by Germany to Belgium, declared
that Germany was prepared to carry
through by force of arms If necessary any
measures It cnnsldms essential.
Germany's second ultimatum was deliv
ered by the German minister. in Brussels
lata last night as the reply of Germany
to the refusal of lielgium to accede to
Germany's first ultimatum.
STOCKHOLM. Aug. 4 It was stated
today that both Germany and RuulU
mads Inquiries on Sunday as to
whether (Sweden would remain neutral.
Germany's note was brief, merely de
manding to know whether Sweden was
"fur or asalnst us?"
The ministers declined to say what reply
was given, but they are preparing to de
fend the nation's neutrality.
The German ultimatum to Belgium
created a deep Impression here, and It is
believed that If a similar ultimatum were
addressed to faiwedrn. It would follow the
Baltflan example In refusing to aid Germany.
BERMAHY MEET DEFEAT:
Crisis in Europe
is More Acute
Great Britain sent a virtual ul
timatum to Germany demanding
a reply by midnight last night on
the subject of Belgian neutrality.
Congo. Germans Invaded Belgian
the mobilisation of the British
army and the reading of the
proclamation was cheered by
huge crowds In London.
Germany is reported to have
declared war on Belgium and
threatened to annex the Belgian
Congo. Germans today invaded
A Russian warship went
aground on the Aland Islands
after a naval battle between Rus
sian and German fleets.
Viscount Morley Is understood
to have resigned from the British
The German "White Book"
throws responsibility for war on
Russia and France.
German troops have penetrated
French territory near Mars-La-Tour,
scene of a blood;- battle in
1870. General Joffre, French
commander-in-chief, at once left
for the front.
The United States embassy in
Paris Is to look after German in
terests In France and after French
interests in Austria.
Austrian troops are reported to
have been defeated with heavy
loss by the Serbs.
German army aviators dropped
bombs last night on the French
fortress of Luneville, causing lit
tle damage and no losa of lite. r
Japan officially declare It may
Join the war It England be In
volved in the tar east.
' The North German-Lloyd llnar
Kron Prlnsessln Cecilie returned
to American waters it' Bar liar
bor, Maine, allaying anxiety al to
the fate of the large amount of
gold on board.
A German cruiser bombarded a
French naval station In Algeria
and then retired. .
ITALY IN A FERMENT
OF HATE OF AUSTRIA
Yonng Garibaldi Issues Proclama
tion Calling for Revolution
Rather Than Become Ally.
LIBYAN TRAGEDY IS RECALLED
Socialists of Sontb, l' alike Those of
Germany and naasla, Are Celllas
on People to nememher Dis
tress Following: that War.
(Copyright, 1914, Press Publlshtnii Co.)
noMK, July 20. (Uv Courier to the
roomier snJ Ppociai I'ableKram to New
York World e.r.l Omaha Ue.)-Thcre Is
m salnaaylPK the fact tliHt the situation
In Ilaly Is desperate. Despite optimism
nnd a determination by those In authority
that peace shall prevail In this country,
there is no doubt that within a few weeks
Italy may face another foreign or civil
The censorship la being enforce J sli Icily
and the people ueneratly know little of
the preparations that are bfintf made U-i'
defense and protection of the country.
Public sentiment la almost unanimously
opposed to Italy supporting Austria In the
Should the government f''l called upon
to let the country be drawn Into the con
flict as an ally of Austria, there vould
be Immediate and possibly open opposi
tion on the part of the people, for Austria
has haidly fifty defenders In the whole
The sympathies of the Italians are all
for the Herbs, and the proclamation of
young Garibaldi to the youth ot Italy has
met with almost universal commendation.
The proclamation, though atopped by
the telegraph censor ot the government,
Is nevertheless published In several of the
morning papers today and very generally
read. Pointing to the probahle effects
of the war to Hily and In the Balkans,
Garibaldi said In purt:
"Thus does tragedy start Italy in the
race. Should Austria win and take from
Montenegro, for example, the mountains
that command the Adriatic, then Italy's
days as an Independent on the Adriatic
"bhouM. Italy try to mobilize and maks
war, either with or against Austriaand
the terms of Ita treaty would allow of
a call to arms If Austria be beaten then
the working men and women of Italy will
spread the revolution through the country
rather than let their aons, their saving
and thalr homes be sacrificed to an ally
These striking statements relate to the
situation as It exists today, nnd thua the
strict .censorship and the government's
reserve Is accounted for.
The average Italian hates an Austrian
(Continued on Page Three.)
TAKE TWO GERMAN
Battlers of Republio Off Algeria Be
ported to Have Sent Panther
to Bottom.' r
G0BEN AND BRESLAU SEIZID
News Reaches Brussels that Kaiser's
Forces Are Shelling ' Liege
BRITAIN ADDS TO ITS NAVY
Takes Over Battleships, One Com
pleted and Other Nearly So,
Ordered by Turkey
CHILE DESTROYERS ALSO PRIZES
Bill Providing Billion and Quarter
for War Offered at Berlin.
SWEDEN PROPOSES MORATORIUM
Austrian Wowaa Accosesl of Helna
Spy la Serrlee of Rasala is
Arrested In North
r A 1118, Auk. 4. A Havas dispatch
form 'Algiers says it is re-tHirtexl that
French warships have sunk the Ger
man cruiser Panther.
ALGIERS, Aug. 4. According to
an , tuiofficial report JkJench tflct
has raptured two Uerman cruisers,
the Goben and the llr-twlau. (
iUUNNKI.S, Au. 4. News has
reached here that the Germans are
shelling Liege and Namur.
LONDON, Aug. 4.The British
admiralty officially announces that
the government has taken over the
two battleships one completed and
the other nearly completed ordered
In England by Turkey, and two des
troyers ordered by Chile. Te battle
ships have been renamed the Erin
BERLIN, Aug, 4. A bill was In
troduced Into tbe German Imperial
Parliament today providing for tbe
aproprlation of $1,250,000,000 to
meet the expenses of the war.
State of Slesie Deelnred.
UIU'HHKLS, Aug. 4.-A state of siege
was declared today st the fortified po
sitions of Liege. Namur and Antwerp.
The activities or the Belgian army de
note the state of war which Is expected
to open in the Invaded province of Liege.
PARIS, Aug. 4. -The governor "of Al
geria, In a telegram received by the
French government, says that the Ger
man cruiser Breslau fired eight broadsides-some
sixty shells Into the French
fortified town of Bona this morning.
(Continued on Pag Two.)
A Master Key
Jt unlocks the door to all
manner of positions, in
vestments, homes, lost
articles, real estate and
bargains every day:
Bee Want Ads
There's scarcely a need in
ttie home or office that
arises from day to day
but that can be filled
quickly and satisfactor
ily by Bee Want Ads.
Liko old wine, lie Want
Ads improve with uge, so
Use 7 time Bee want
ads to multiply results,
Powered by Open ONI