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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 26, 1914)
rilK OMAHA StWDAV HK10: ,11 I.V 1!U4.
ENGINEMEN GIYE THEIR SIDE
Answer Railroad Managers in the
Present Wage Controversy.
WHY THEY NOW ASK MORE PAY
l'roilncp More nnil Actunlly Oct
I.raa Than Tlirr II Id Thirteen
Yrtn A ko In thr Snme
(Continued from Page One.)
In another case, men were discharged
for asking thnt tlip Increased pay al
lowed them by arbitration bo given them.
One western roHd, concerned In the proa
ent controversy, has for nearly four
cars persistently declined to llvo up to
:hc terms of nn arbitration award. These
ire the reasons the men declined to sub
ailt to arbitration.
(irenler Output, !. Py.
To support their renuest for mora
wages, the englnemen submit the In
created cost of ltvlnit durlne tho last
four years, and back It up. by showing
that their -wages have actually been re
duced by reason of the Increased sUo of
locomotives, tho heavier tonnage hauled
and the consequent fewer mtle.i traveled
bv cntrincs. These fiKirrs. which nrc
taken from tho reports f tiie railroads
to th Interstate Commerce commission,
show that tho unit cost of engine-men
per ton mile to tho western roads has
been gTeatly decreased.
GrJtt Northern Kxporlenee.
The circular uses four of the Rtcat
western railroads to Illustrate this point.
For tho Great Northern St soys:
"In 1900 tho .Great Northern trans
ported i,TS,OC,i(a ton mllna and In 1913,
",fi34,rco,W9 ton miles, nn incroaso of
D,9ll, 373.017, or SI1 per cent This feat was
aocompllEhcd by increasing the tractlvo
powor of Its locomotives, the" capacity of
its freight cars and tho movement of a
larccr number of loaded cars per train, i
Tho net result of thin remarkable prop
ross In operatlu:; efficiency was tho
growth of ths average revenue freight
trainload from 321 tons In lSfX) to 6S5 tons
In 1913, or on Increase of W per cent. Dur
ing this period tho number of freight
train miles advanced only HO per cent.
Measured in terms of traffic handled,
the productive efficiency of firemen and
engineers employed by tho Great North
ern during this same period also showed
a gain of 44 per cent. In tho faco of this
remarkable operating performance, how
ever, there was an actual decrease in
the revenue train miles made by each en
gineer of l.Xit miles, or 7 per cent, and
by each fireman of forty miles, or 27.27
of 1 per cent. Tho effect of the oper
ating achievement of tho Great Northern
was attended by a decline in the earning!
ability of Its firemen and engineers. The
modern locomotlvo Is an intricate pleco
of machinery which requires a high
standard of mechanical skill In the men
who operate it as well ns great physical
enduranco on tho part of the firemen.
Notwithstanding tho fact that each en
gineer and fireman hauled more ton or
passenger miles In 1912 than 1900, owing
to tho development of train loads and
tho Increase In tho arduousness and du
ration of their labors, their earning
- power actually declined in the face of a
greater output per man because they
f- were not able to make as many train
miles In 191.1 as in 1900.''
" On the Santa Fe.
"f "In the case of the Santa Fe, tho circu
it lar shows that "the ration of total trans
portation expenses to total operating ex
penses in 1310' was f3. 70 and in ,1913 It had
declined to 44.17. For tho same Interval
tho total cost of engineers to total op
erating expenses had decreased from 6.1G
in 1900 to 4.35 In 1913; and tho total cost
of firemen from 3.19 to 2.66, and the com
bined cost of engineers and flrmen from
8.35 to 7.01.
"Tho ratios to total labor cost of op
eration reveal somo Interesting results.
Total labor cost of trasportntlon to total
labor cost of operation In 1900 was 45.77.
In 1913 It had advanced to 46.44. For the
same years the total cost of engineers
to total labor cost of operation decreased
from 8.S4 In the former year to 7-30 In
tho latter, und for firemen from G.47 to
4.4C, and the combined cost of engineers
and firemen from 14.31 to 11.76."
AVhnt t Ik- t'nlnn Piiclflo Shown.
The showing mado by the Union Ta
ciflc, according to tho circular, Is that
"the volume of freight traffic or ton
miles transported by tho Union Pacific
railroad during the period 1903 to 1913 In
creased 149 per cent. In this Interval
tho number of engineers omployed by
the Union Paclfio railroad advanced only
40 per cent and the number of firemen
only 30 per cent. This enormous Increase
in tho volume of freight traffic was
moved with on Increase In train miles
of only 30 per cent. Tho remarkable
performance of tho Union Pacific was
tho result of Increased productlivo effi
ciency on the part of the engineers and
firemen In handling locomotives of
greater tractive power hauling larger
curs with greater tonnage capacity.
"During the period 1900 to 1913 the trac
tlvo power of Us locomotives Increased
more than 100 per cent. There was also
a decided increase in tho tons of freight
per loaded car and the averago number
of tons in each freight train Increased
from 239 tons In 1900 to 442 in 1913, or S3
per cent. Tho effect of these Increases
has fallen In a great measure upon tho
eng'lnomen. Greater mechanical skill is
lequlrcd of both, especially the engineer,
in tho handling of these complicated ma
chines. That the firemen's labors have
Increased proportionately Is shown !
the figures on coal consumption submit
ted by tho company to the Interstate
Commerce commission. Computations
from these figures show that the amount
of coal consumed per locomotive mile In
1900 was 1 pounds, and in 1913, III
pounds, an Increase of eighty-four
pounds, or. In other words, a fireman
has had to handle 64 per cent more coal
for each mllo traveled by his locomotive.
"The unfavorable effect upon the
earning power of engineers and firemen
is no less significant. Owing to the de
velopment of train loads In freight traf
fic, and the Increase In tho arduousness
of their labors, the earning power of
each engineer and fireman actually de
clined In the face of a greater output per
man. They were not able to make dur
ing a. specified period as many train
miles in 1913 as In 190). Heavier trains,
longer runs and more arduous work
caused a pronounced decline In their
earning ability. For each unit of traffic
transported It costs the Union Pacific
less now in terms of firemen and engi
neers than it did In 1900. even though
higher rates of payment per locomotive
mile have risen during the last thirteen
' Changes on the Darlington.
For the Burlington system tile circular
gives figures which show "In 190 tho
rfctlo of total transportation expenses to
total operating expenses of the Purling
tun system was SO. IS, and only 47 73 In
lfl3 During this period tl.e ratio of total
cost of engineers to total operating ex
penses, had decreased from S.S8 to 4.15 ami
firemen from 3.14 to l.W, and the combined
Cost of engineers and firemen from S.4J j
to (.66. A similar decrease had also taken'
place In the ratio of cost of conducting1
transportation to labor cost of operation. '
"Tho relation of lab?r cost of conduet-1
lug transportation to total labor cost of
operation, in 1900 was 4S.87 ond 0 It i
1911 The total cost of engineers to total
labor cost of operation decreased from ,
8.16 to 7.07, and of firemen from 4.78 toj
4.15. while the combined cost of firemen
and engineers to total labor cost of '
operation declined from 12.94 in 190rt xo j
11 32 In 1913. Carrying this analysis fur
ther It reveals some remarkable results.
The ratio of total labor cost or transporta
tion to total operating expenses decrensH '
for this period from 2S.S3 to 23.57. total'
labor cost of operation to total operating
expenses decreased from 05.71 to 6S.75. I
"It will be seen by leferrlng to the fore
going figures that the labor cost of ac-1
tually ondintluK transportation, as well
ns the total outlay for operation, formed
a smaller part of tho total operating ex
penses of the company In 1M3 than In
1W0. The total operating expenses of con
rtictlruf transportation were less In 1913
than in 190ft"
Klfty-Thrcc Honil Affected.
While these four rtmds are cited In tho
circular ns examples, the further state
ment Is made that "an examination of
the annunl reports of fifty-three western
railroads tc tho Interstate Commerce
crmmlsslon shows, that for 1.000 traffic
units handled In 1h) the cost of engineers
and firemen was i cents ns contrasted
with only 59 cents In 191X. In other words?
these representative western roads were
enabled to transport 1.000 passenger and
ton miles 27 center cheaper last year than
In 1KW. or, to reduce their engineer and
fit omen lost of handling trafflo 31 per
cent. In the light of these facts, the
sham of the claim of the railroads tli.U
Increased operating costs have been due
io added outlays for engineers and fire
tin n Is apparent "
Stock llunnar tilten A.
Answering tho assertion of the man
ager that the railroads are unable to
meet the demands of the englnenien. the
"Tho sworn reports of tho western
railroads to the Interstate Commerce
commission as the reoult of careful study,
show somo astounding figures relative
to stock bonuses and underwriting com
missions. Ten representative transporta
tion companies: Atchison, Topeka &
Snnta Ke railway; Chlesgo. Hurllngton
Qulncy railroad; Chicago, Milwaukee
e St. Paul railway; Chicago North
western railway; Great Northern i nit
way; Illinois Central railroad; Northern
Pacific railway: Oregon Short Line iall
rond; Southern Paelflo company, and
Union Pacific railroad nnvo awny sltghtlv
more than tttO.ftHOOO In stock bonue.t
alone during the ten years, 19XM910. or
on an nverage, $25,000,000 eacn ear. In
exsct figures, these roads authorised
Vini.7M,J8 In bonuses on ommon rtoc k I
Issuer, and JtS.Stf";5 on Issues of pre
ferred stock. Afcsumln? that these car
riers earn on capital Invested In them. & 1
pcr cent nnntinlt . which Is h conserva-
tlvo figure more than Mt.5PtftJ0 addi
tional revenues would accrue to theoe
ten roads each ear If their slock so-1
curlllc had been pVoperly jnnrtcetfd. A '
a matter of fact, their or?allng rev- I
emir Hte depleted by the absorption of j
large sums to pnv dividends tin fictitious t
securities Issued ns bonuses and earn-'
Ings, which should be available for In-j
creased compensation of cnflncers, fire- '
ir.cn and other employes. Their tev-
emirs Hro being dissipated through hide- '
fnulble tinatu-lnl prnrtlces, such ns
those mrntluncd nlove. The present
flnsnrlnl condition . of the Western rail-)
rnndr, so far ns It M unsatisfactory. Is ,
due to bnd or uncutded financial man
llnil No Alternntlie.
The eiiKlnmnen say that thc nie not
opposed to arbltintlon. but their expe
rience with the companies in this respect
has not been t ntl satisfactory They
also n the Insistence of the managers
on the new working schedule offered,
which in effect amounts to n general in
duction In pay and Increase In working
hours, left them no alternate e Por this
teafon the matter was submitted to the
refctendum, and the vote to strike was
The progress of the mediation now tin
day way Is awnlled with much Interest
bv the men here and e'ewhere through
out the west.
EASTERN ELKS STOP
OVER MID SEE OMAHA
One hundred lloston nr jersey City
Klks, ret.irnlng from the i-or.clave at
I'emet. stopped over and "did" Omaha
They nritwd nt 8 o'clock over the Vnlon
Pitrltli nn a special train, and af noon
loft fur the east over the Northwestern
While l-cre the were entertained by the
Putting Up Stock
Yards at Long Pine
About the middle of August, at txing
Pine, the Northwestern will have com
pleted and ready for use tho largest and
most complete live stock feeding jards
on its system. Thr Uong Pine yards wl I
fine year ago. contemplating large shli'
incuts of cattle and sheep from Wyoming,
fotilh Dakota and western Nebraska, the
Northwestern appropriated $2S,O0O for tho
construction of new feeding yards nt Ijong
Pine. They nrc now practically finished
nnd cover forty-five acres of gruund and
nre sufficiently large to handle 250 toads
ot animals at one time. They have chute
for the spotting of sixty-five cars flnl
are equipped with a water und light pin..'
run by gasolluo engines. Hach pen has
Its own running water and electric 'Ight
Sunday, July 26, 1914-
-Store News for Monday BURGESS-NASH OOMPANY-
-Sisteenth and Harnoy Streets
LAST WEEK OF OUR FIRST JULY CLEARING
A Rounding Up of Clearing Specials From All Over the Store That Will Establish a New
Record in Value Giving for July. It's Your Harvest Time Come and Profit By It.
We Are Building for the Future
IN PLANNING the program for each day (he most im
portant consideration is tho perfect satisfaction of
Wo 'yirel'uliy guard against oven a suggestion of
over-valuation of our merchandise and each special
prico is carefully considered before it is offered.
We are even more solicitious to see that tho regular
prices set are as low as thev can profitably be mado, oven
though the article would stand a larger percentage and
In guarding your interests we secure your interest
in exchange and can assure you of our heartiest appre
It is our constant aim to be' of the "Greatest service
to the greatest number."
OUR ENTIRE STOCK OF WASH GOODS
Goes Into the Clearing Sale Monday In Four Great Lots
A CLEANING movement of unusual importancca radical price cutting on every piece of wash goods in stock at a
time when you will appreciate it most. That's the way wo believe in doing business- give the customers the
benefit every time.
Tlie stock involves thousands of yards of t lie most fav ored weaves, including ratines, crepes, voiles, batistes,
soisettes, linen, wash suitings, etc., etc., widths 27 and 4" inches. Four groups:
Wash goods that were 15c
to 19c, clearing
Wash goods that were 25c
to 29c, clearing m
sale prico, I Lp
J7 vi j u . . . .
BiirircBi-Kath Co. Main X'loor.
Wash goods that wero 50c
to 75c, clearing A
sale price, ZJfC
Wash goods that were $1.00
to $1.50, clearing 6
sale price, Jg
per yard .
Remarkable Clearing Specials In SILKS For Monday
INCLUDING several thousand yards of pretty tub silks, .'3(5 inches )l CA J Q
wide, fancv waist and dress silks, moire silks, black or colored and l8f flf i JITlfll rtf
real imported pongee silk, 32-in. wide; were 5Pc to 1.H9. PWir lots.. V 14I4U J
l illfi-NaiU Co. Alain rioor.
You Will Appreciate These Extreme EMBROIDERY
and LACE Values In the Clearing Sale For Monday
THE exqulslto 8tles are those In greatest demand right now and in many lustanren the former prices
wero more than doublo tho price Monday. It's clearing time with us, that's tho reason.
15c Lacos at 5c
Including Normandy, vals, point
Paris, shadow vals, French and
German vals in widths from 2 to C
inches, edges and insertions to
match, wero originally to 15u,
clearing price; yard Oo
50c Laces at 23c
Including silk and cotton shadow,
lace tlounclngs, net top laces
Venice edges and insertions, a)
over laces, silk chiffons in all col
ors. They were formorly priced to
GOc, clearing sale price, yard. .25c
nnrgat-lTh Co. Main rioor.
08c Kinbrolderlcs, JMc
FlounclngB 27 to 4G Inchon wide,
In voiles, crepes, shoor batiste,
colored crepe edgeH, colored or
gandy edges, colored allovers,
etc., wero 98c, clearing salo price
Monday, a yard U0c
Here's the Biggest and Best Blouse
Values of the Season, Were $2.95 to
$5, Choice Monday, $1.95
YES, they are broken assortments
of our regular $2.95, $3.50 and
$5.00 lines, embracing the season's
very newest ami prettiest models.
The matorlals aro voliea, lawns and Bheer
summer materials daintily and tastily trim
med with laces nnd embroidery, long or short
There are all sizes represented, although
not all sizes In every style, but tho range ot
seloctlon is so large that you are most likely
to find exactly the waist you had In mind
and secure two or more at this remarkable
nnrgen-Nmh Co. Second rioor.
Here's a Rug Clearing That'll Interest
You $24.50 Velvets, Monday, $16.95
EXTRA heavy velvet rugs, in a ploasing selection of new
patterns, rugs that were to $24.50 in the cloaring sale,
choice for $16.95.
$8.00 Fibre Rugs, Room Size, $4.95
These rugs are 9x12 feet, made of extra heavy grade woolon fibre,
in a splendid range of colors, suitable for sleeping porch, sua rooms,
dining rooms, etc., wero $8.00, clearing prico, $.5.
Unr(r-Nah Co. Third rioor.
Pretty 25c and 35c
Cretonnes at 12c
A CLEARING of thirty-five
whole and half pieces of cre
tonnes, all very good selections of
colorlngB and patterns, wero 25c
to aCc; deslrablo for draperies,
couch covers, pillow tops, etc.,
clearing sale price, Monday, yard,
Loom Lace Nets, 15c
Seceral pretty designs, were 20c
to HOC, in the clearing sale Mon
day, the yard, 15c.
norj.si-Naili Co. Third rioor.
$1.50 Values, $1
ROKEN assortments of our
regular $1.50 lines, low or
medium bunt, long effect, lace and
embroidery trimmed, were $1.50,
$1.75 to $2.00 Corsets, $1.45
Broken assortments of some of
the bost known brands, several
excellent styles for selection, were
$1.75. $2.00 and $2.50, choice
Monday at, clearing sale price,
Bnrsreci-Nain Co. Steocd rioor.
Monday at $15
THREE door refrigerators, 75
pound lco capacity, Bide door
and ice compartment with white
enamel provision chamber, remov
able flues and drain pipe, clearing
sale price 15.00
Electric Fans, $7.45
Electric fans with 8-inch blade,
Sad Irons, 4c Pound
Old fashioned sad irons, clearing
sale price, lb Ic
Mrs. Potts' Irons, 59c
5-pleco set of Mrs. Potts sad
irons, wore 98c, set 50c
5-ply H-inch garden hose, per
5-ply -lnch gardon hose, per
Oassorole Set, 98c
9-pleco casserole sets, brown
earthenware, cloaring price, per
Radical Price Reductions of Women's Suits
Dresses, Coats, Etc., In the Clearing Sale
TTfr MUST have the room for the new things that will soon begin to arrive
V V hgnec such deep price cutting,
thi is your one great opportunity.
If von have a readv-to-wear need of anv sort
CLEARING SILK SUITS
Were $25.00 to $35.00 for $12.50
Including taffota and molro silks in black,
taupe, gray, plain, nuvy, brown and Copenhagen
SILK AND WASH SKIRTS
Were $7.50 to $10.00 for $3.95.
lllack tuffota silk and flno wash skirts, in a
variety of tho souson's latest styles and bost wash
FINE SILK AND SUMMER DRESSES
Were $25.00 to $35.00 for $10.00
Fine silk nnd summer dresses In a wide seloc
tlon of pretty now styles.
TAILORED SUITS AND GOATS
Wore $15.00 to $25.00 for $4.95
Those Includo tho best and latest styles of the
season In the moat favoiod materials.
SILK GOATS AND GAPES
Were $25.00 to $45.03 for $10.03
Scores of pretty ttyles, In most Instances, but
one of a kind.
LINEN AUTO GOATS
Wero $5.00 to $7.50 for $1.95
Made In a good assortment of styles from a
splendid quality of crash.
LINEN AUTO GOATS
Were $10.00 to $15.00 for $5.00
At this price we offer our entire stock for
morly priced at $10.00 and $15.00.
JL .k jlJT q
Clearing Our Stock of Hammocks
T THREE big groups greatly re luced in price f ir im
mediate disposal Monday.
$2.50 to $3.00 Hammocks at $1.98.
Including heavy not hammocks with
head rest and valance; regular prico $2.50
to $3.00, Monday, fjtl.08.
$3.50 to $4.00 Hammocks, $2.48.
Extra largo size with head rest and val
ance sides, assorted patterns; wero $3.50
to $4.00, for Ki'-'.IH.
$4.50 to $5 00 Hammocks, $3.48.
Splendid seloctlon of colorings and patterns, largo size with head
lest nnd vnlance; wero $4.50 to $5.00, for JjliMH.
Burraii-Hnah Co. Third Floor.
This Iron Bed as Illustrated
Here in the Clearing at $7,50
A MOST unusual value. Tho
bed is exactly as illus
trated, with 2-inch posts, fin
ished with brass knobs, lVi-lnch
cross piece and flvo 1-lnch fillers
with heavy brass ball-bearing rollers.
Full size, either In white enamel
or Vernls Martin finish, an excep
tional value Monday at 97.30
Monday's Clearing Specials in the
Economy Basement Salesroom
Standard Apron Ginghams at i1
APRON check glnghaiOH. mill lengths, perfect goods In good selec
tion of chocks, clearing sale prico Monday, AX.
10c Bleached Muslin at 5c
Mill lengths of bleached muslin, 3C Inches wide, good desirable
lengths, regular price 10c, yard C
Huck or Damask Towels, 2y2c
Odds and ends or mill seconds of huck or damask towels, various sizes,
some slightly iraprefect, but every one a big value. OJL.
Hurjroai-Nain Co. Economy Bimnt,
BUfgai.Kih Co Boonil rioor.
Wore $7.50 to $10.00 for $3.95
Several styleH of women's cloth shower-proof
coats, very special for Monday.
Clearing of Drugs and Toilet Goods
Household 4 A
Ammonia, 1 qt. Jlct
liO-M ii I o Tea m
lloia. I Hi. . . .I)c
largo pkg. . .
i .lap Itoso
I .'5 lalceN. . .
Cantlirox, 50c size
P. & G. Napthn A
Soap, cake. . . . ttC
Ivory Sonp, 5c
ekc, O cakes. 10c
Cronm, 25c rc
clzo . . . . . . 1 Ov
I Hani Tilth, can JYo I
Hlectrlc Spark Ol
Sonp, 8 cakes. CtT
10 cnkcH for. ,.10c
Pcroxldo of Hy- a c
drogon, tf-lb. .
Castllo Koap, large ,
nurrent-Ttaah Co. Main riior.
Women's $1.98 Crepe Kimonos In
the Clearing Sale Monday atT$1.28
MADh ot tigured cotton crepe m light
and dark color?, empire and kinvno
styles, trimmed with bands and pipings of
satin; were $1.98, in 'he clearing sale Mon
dav, your choice for $1.28.
Women's 93c and $1.25 Kimonos, G9c
Made of lawn and crepe in dainty figure
and floral effects, empire styles, collars and
cuffs trimmed with ombroidcrv.
$11.50 Cotton Felt Mattresses, $7 .50
As a companion offer to the bed special we offer No.
1 cotton felt mattresses, full 45-pound weight, with
heavy roll edge, regular price 111. CO, clearing sale
price Monday 87.00
Burffaas-XTaih Co. Third rioor.
Women's $2.98 House Dresses, $1.98
In a variety of materials and styles, trim
med witl' embroider' collars,
cuffs and vests, others with pi)
ings of contrasting colors.
nnreaaa-Kaih Co. Second rioor.
"EVERYBODY'S STORE." as
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