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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 15, 1914)
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THE BBB: OMAHA, "WEDNESDAY, JITLY 15, 1914, ?
ll .'tr ,-JZZI
By JAMES J. MONTAGUE.
His hand haa wrested many n crown
Prom tyrants in thetr pride;
His hand has struck tho pirate down
And tossed him in the tide.
And robber hordes in countless lands
In wild confusion flee,
When they descry, across the sands.
His flag upon the sea.
The redskin cowered in his path.
When forth he used to go
In terrible, avenging wrath
And lay tho chleftainB low.
And craven bandits far and near.
Well know his dreadful fame,
And pale and tremble when they hear
The mention of his namo!
But now the last black blood Is shed
And all the wars aro won,
When all tho murderous hosts aro doad,
The warrior's work is done.
No longer fares he forth to seek
Sea-wolf or robber band;
With mother's kisses on his cheek
He's off to Slumberland.
By REV. THOMAS B. GREGORY.
(Copyright, 1SH, by Star Company.)
John Cabot gave America to the Eng
lish race; Raleigh, with heroic courage,
undertook to plant that Imperial race
upon thin continent, and Smith, through
auccaeded In ac
Raleigh failed in.
' In all history
there In not to bo
'found a , more In
than that of the
man who made
Jamestown a1 suc
cess. Born on a farm
Englund in 1580,
Bmlth was from
his earliest years the victim of an un
controllable wanderlust. At the ago of
fifteen he sold the few effects that had
been left htm by his father, and made
ready for sea, but being apprehended by
a. relative as he was about to sail, was
bound out as an apprentice to a mer
chant. But the wanderlust was too strong
for tho merchant's vlgllenco, and young
Bmlth was soon off and away after ad
He had no money, but he possessed a
pair of wonderful legs, and after tramp
ing over a good part of western Europe,
he got a Job as soldier under Henry IV.,
of France. Following the white plume
of Navarre for the season. Smith next
found himself fighting. Spaniards In the
Netherlands a Job that he mightily en
Joyed, for In his heart he mortally hated
everything that smacked of the Inqui
sition. Having killed what Spaniards he could
in the Netherlands, Smith set out afoot
through France, fetching up at Marseilles,
from which part ho took, passage on a
vessel bound for Rome. On the way a,
great storm arose, and the pilgrims to
the "Holy City," knowing that Smith
was a "heretic," adjudged him to be
Jonah In the. case and hove him into tho
tea. Being a -good swimmer, Smith
managed to reach the shores of an unin
habited Island, from which he was rescued
by a passing craft and taken to Egypt.
In 1605 Smith Was once more In Eng.
land. He was tweny-flvo at the time,
but old in experience. The roving spirit
was still strong In him, and having seen
most of the old world, he would now sco
It was one of the most natural things
In the world that Bmlth should become
a member of the expedition for the settle
ment of Virginia, and lucky was It for
the expedition that Bmlth went along
Says John Flske; "But for this man's
superb courage and resourcefulness, one
can hardly believe that the colony would
have lasted till 1009. It would have
auccumed like Lane's colony, and
White's, and Popham's; one more would
have been added to the sickening list of
What to Use and Avoid
on Faces That Perspire
Skin, to be healthy, must breathe. It
also must perspire must expel, through
the pores. Its share of the boy's waste
material. Creams and powders clog the
pores, Interfering both with elimination
and breathing, especially during the heat
ed period. If more women understood
this there Would be fewer self-ruined
connexions. It they would use ordinary,
mercollied wax instead of cosmetics they
would have natural, healthy complexions.
This remarkable substance actually ab
sorbs a bad skin., also uncloggtng the
pores. Result: The fresher, younger un-der-skln
Is permitted to breathe and to
show itsalf. An exquisite new complexion
gradually peeps out, one free from any
appearance of artificiality Get an ounce
of mercolized wax at your druggist's and
try It Apply nightly like cold cream, for
week or so, washing It off mornings,
To eradicate wrinkles, here's a marvel
tuny effective treatment which also sets
naturally and harmlessly; Dissolve 1 ox.
powdered saxollte In 4 pt. wltchhazel and
use as a wash Iotlon.-Advertlement.
failures, and the hopes built upon Vir
ginia In England would have been sadly
dashed. The utmost Ingenuity on the
part of Smith's dotractors can never do
away with tho fact that his personal
qualities did more than anything else to
prevent such a direful calamity; and for
this reason he will always remain a com
manding figure In American history.
Smith died In 1631, at the comparatively
early age of fifty-one. He had faced
death and miraculously escapee from It
-a scoro of times. He had boxed the
whole compass of human experience and
had seen about all that life had to show
of sorrow and Joy, of defeat and of vic
tory. It is gratifying to know that he died
realizing the fact that his fame was
secure, and that ho would ever be re
membered as the real founder of a great
and glorious commonwealth.
On June 29, 1619 twelve years before
Smith died tho first representative as
sembly that ever met In America was
convened at Jamestown, and the mighty
experiment of Belt government on this
continent found its beginning.
It was a small assembly, so far as
numbers wore concerned. Eleven local
constltuences were represented under the
various designations of "city," "planta
tion" and hundred," and each constitu
ency sent two representatives, making
twenty-two In all.
Tho representatives were called "bur
gesses," so tho assembly was known as
the "House of Burgesses" until 1776, when
the "Old Domtnfon" took her stand with
the other colonies for Independence.
The eleven constituencies In question
extended up the James river some seventy
miles from Its mouth as the "crow files,"
and laterally about five or six miles from
cither bank. The population of the region
was about eighteen hundred hardJy
enough to make a respectable village.
It was a very small beginning, but It
was a beginning, and In the right direc
tion. The representatives were real repre
sentatives, excercislng the full powers
of legislating for tho colony. Its acts did
not. It Is true, acquire complete validity
until approved by the General Court of
the London company, but on the other
hand, no enactment of the company was
worth a straw until It had been approved
by the assembly.
In a word, tho Jamestown assembly
was a democratic government, responsi
ble, In the final analysis, to the people of
the colony, and permitted to make no
other laws than those that might be rati
fied by the people's will and pleasure.
Advice to Lovelorn
Uj BEATRICE FAIRFAX
Dou't lie Iniputlrnt.
Dear Miss Fairfax: I met a deslrubln
young man several months ago and until
last week we had been keeping steady
company. He promised to call me up
some time during the week, but failed to
do so. What shall I do. as I love htm
dearly? MARjORIK McK.
The young man for whom you care
must be cold or busy, or prevented from
communicating with you by any number
of life's chances. If you. don't hear from
him within a reasonable time, write a
little note and ask what Is the matter.
Girls ought to treat the men for whom
they care with at least as much simple
consideration and courtesy as they would
show a girl friend with whom some mis
understanding had arisen.
Dou't Marry Mini.
Dear Miss Fairfax: I am a irirl of IS.
and am In Jove with a boy one year older
than I am. l nave been Keeping com
Danv with this fellow over two years.
but never gave a thought to getting mar
ried. But now he asks me to get mar
ried August 1. I realize that I do not
think he can make a living for me, as he
earns only J1Q a week, but he says that
I can work and help him. I do not feel
as If I want to work for years to come.
M. j. A.
Your sweetheart is decidedly too
young for marriage, and 110 a week Is
not enough on which to start married
life. It you Intend to have children you
ought to consider them and not to plunge
Into a marriage the responsibilities of
which you are unabto to meet.
An Easy Road to Health and Beauty for
To the left is shown an exercise in bonding backward; in the center
at tho bottom is a resting poso for girls who stand a great ileal. Tho
Here is a group of exercises for muscles
that are usually neglected. Theso exer
cises arc- Important, because thoy bring
a group of muscles Into play that are
otherwise rarely used after childhood,
owing to the fact that girls are put into
corsets In their teens.
As they grow older the corsets are worn
longer and stlffer, and a woman gets to
depend more and more on artificial sup
port. The consequence Is that the waist
muscles grow weak and stiff from lack
of use, Instead of becoming strong and
supple as they should do. What Is more,
tho digestive organs suffer, and dys
pepsia and. Indirectly, anaemia result.
And sooner or later tho complexion is
Tho modern style of dressing makes
It necessary that corsets In sorao shape
or other should bo worn. They should,
however, be as light In weight as possible.
Ella "Wheeler "Wilcox
By ELLA WHEELER WILCOX.
Copyright, 19H, by Star Company.
Woman's greatest need today, above alt
other needs, Is practical common sense
the ability to reason from a common-
'sense standpoint and the will power to
put such reasoning.
Into dally uao.
America- is rich
In women of shin
ing qualities. Its
skies are starred
with women of tal
ent, women of high
Ideals, women of
women of largo
of brilliant intel
lect. In art, In litera
ture, In music. In
reforms, in busi
ness, and tn social
life, these women
shed a luster which reaches across wide
seas and Illuminates the world.
But one who basks long In this ra
diance (no matter from which one of
these social centers the light Is shed)
soon misses the steady, clear ray of
common sense. Uncommon sense has
blurred that ray by Its glaring light. And
In many tnstancos the winds of pub
licity have blown it out.
It required uncommon sense for woman
first to awaken to tho realization that
she had every moral and natural right
to equal franchise. And uncommon sense
has enabled her to Btand firm during
tho long years through which she has
been battling for that right.
Hut she has shown her pitiful lack of
common sense, In tho last score of years,
by her persistent acquisition of mascu
line, old-world vices vhlle she was pro
claiming from the housetops that the
race needed her refining and uplifting
Influence in politics.
Today three-fourths of the women
prominent In our social life and In our
artla.tle circles are confirmed smokers.
They carry their cigaiette cases and of
fer the weed to tholr guests and callers
as men offer cigars. And the custom
Clear reasoning must Indicate to her
the lad. of wisdom In emulating the un
and not In the least tight anywhere.
"Women no longer jplnch tholr waists,
but they cram their dlgestlvo organs to
gether most distressingly.
Girls In their teens should wear no
corsets at all, but should dress so that
the weight hangs from tho shoulders.
This Is the most hygienic form of dross
posslblo for growing girls.
And now for tho exercise which will
develop and strengthen tho waist muscles
and make tho wnlst round and trim, and
also make the digestive organs healthy.
Tho first exercise Is known as body
Stand In the first position, hands on
hips, and turn tho body first of all to the
left as far na It will go, then back ngaln
as far to tho right as possible flvo to ten
times In succession.
This exercise Is practically useless un
less tho legs and the whole of the body
below tho waist arc kept absolutely rigid,
desirable habits of tho sex with which
she claims her equality. If nho Is to lift
politics from tho mud in which It has
long made Its bed, tho cigarette will not
prove an effectlvo lever. Tho nntl-suf-fragist
Is quite as frequently found to be
a devotee of Madamo Nicotine as her
larger-minded sister. And her lack of
common-sense reasoning Is shown In her
plea for the preservation of the sanc
tity and beatlty nf tho home life, while
she endangers the physical and mental
wclfaro of her tinhorn children by the
uso of a slow poison. Argue as we will
of tho Importance of good fatherhood for
children, tho fact stubbornly stares us
In tho face that a mother carries her
unborn child under her heart for three
quartera of a year, nnd that her condi
tion, mentally and phvalcally, during that
period is of moro vitau Importance to
the child than the condition of the father.
Not long ago the results of scientific
experiments made by physicians, during
a considerable period of time, relative to
the uso of tobacco were given to tho
public. The conclusion was reached that
the habitual use of tobacco In any form
reduced tho mental capacity 10 per cent.
When a woman persists not only tn In
dulging but In defending the Indulgence
of a habit which affects the nervous
system, fouls the breath, stains the
fingers, and turns her salon Into a sa
loon, there Is surely an evidence that
she lacks that rarest of qualities com
mon sense. Yet brilliant, gifted, cultured
women, occupying high positions in the
social and Intellectual world, may be
heard any day defending the cigarette
So universal Is the custom In England
that the woman who does not take the
proffered cigarette after luncheon or
dinner Is regarded with polite surprise.
And this Is the land where woman Is,
rightfully, even when wrong In her meth
ods, most vigorously demanding tho bal
lot. The absence of common sense reason
ing has been ever evident In woman's
attitude toward the subject of dress. It
was never more evident than at thu pros
The woman who does not regard dress
an an important Item In this mortal
phase of life 'errs in Judgment-
A woman who used good .sense In her
reasoning would know that Indecent
fashions never emanated from decent
one for twisting the body; to the right an cxerclso in bending forward;
feet and legs should be supported on a cushion.
while If correctly done It Is Invaluable,
The second exercise, known as "forward
bending" should be added to the list. In
this exercise tho legs must be kept per
fectly stiff and straight, the back flat
tened and the hend slightly tilted back.
The hands should be plcd ixther fr
back on tho hips and the only- must be
slowly bent until It Is at right angles to
tho legs, and then slowly raised until It
Is upright again. This shiu-d be done
five tn ten times.
A slight strain should le felt tip the
backs of the legs and In tho lower part
of the bark. This means that thu exer
cIbo Is being dono crrrectly.
Backward bending Is the next in se
quence. It should bo done 1 1 exactly tho
same way as the preceding .movement,
excepting, of course, that the ludy Is
bent backward, instead of forward, sa
far as possible whlsh usually Is not vcrv
She would know that the woman who
exhibits her baro flesh on the street to
the multitude, attracts attention, but
never admiration. And hero is another
delicate, line of demarcation which the
masses of women seem unable to deter
mine, because of their lack of plain
common senso the line which separates
attention from admiration. Tho man
who said that the absolutely well-dressed
women always passed unnoticed was as
mistaken In his Idea of what constitutes
good taste as If he had said that the
most exquisite scenes In nature were
nlways unnoticed by the passor-by.
A roso bush In full flower will cause
the lover of beauty to arrest his step
and catch his breath In silent admira
tion, or to exclaim In delight.
There are three types of women who
can afford to make their own fashions:
The young, beautiful woman of large
wealth and securo social poultlon; tho
old and poor woman, and the religious
sister of some ordor. All others limit
their usefulness and lessen their power
to give and receive pleasure by refusing
to bend any of the decrees of dame
The wearing of small bonnets when
large ones are the vogue, or voluminous
skirts when clinging draperies are de
manded, simply make a woman un
pleasantly conspicuous, and aoonmpllshes
no admirable end and Illustrates no
But the woman possessed of good com
mon sense will neither go this extreme,
nor to tho other, of making herself a.
slave to every eccentric whim of tickle
fashion. Bhe will modify and adapt the
modes to suit her appearance, and the
fashion which tenders her ridiculous or
unattrutctlve she will refuse to accept.
The elegantly and richly dressed woman
who returns from her promenade before
admiring eyes and enters a meagrely
tfurnlshed and disorderly home Is a sight
to make men and angels weep. Yet
thousands of such women may be fourvl
In the circles whore salaried men are
striving to maintain a family on a small
Income, and where the wife's Ideals of
happiness are centred on fashionable
These women form a vast multitude,
and they are not infrequently women of
brilliant mentul attainments. Yet they
belong to a crude aboriginal order and
are only partially evolved, In all savage
ruce one sees a love of personal adorn-
the Busy Girl
ii i H
It Is most Important to Keep the lowtr
part of the body flat and ths lM s'.-M'.jrt
while doing It. The linnis houd be p-aced
on the hips at first.
One of the photographs sliuwi tho ex
ercUe being dono with the arms nboe
the head. This Is In orier to show the
position of tho back In it wn that would
not 1)0 possible if the hands were on the
Finally, nnjther n4tln: poio In glvi-iv
This Is hery strongly .idvoja'ed ly medi
cal men for. girls and wnmoi whu aro in
their feet a greHt de.nl. It is very helpful
to those who suffer from varicose clns
and swollen feet, or Internal wcukuevn of
The wholo point of Jita position lien In
the fact that the heels should be higher
that tho head. This Is achieved by ;.vlng
Hat either on .the floor or a hard mattress,
with feet and legs, ns fur an the knee,
being supported on a cushion for a quar
ter of un hour at k ttni'i.
ment taking precedence of tho home
mHklng Instinct. That Instinct marks
a distinct etcp forward In the evolution
of a higher humanity. A beautiful, well
ordered, comfortable home, however
simple In Its adornments, a home where
evidences of personal Interest and
feminine taste nre everywhere visible and
where an atmosphere of peace and con
tent Is felt by all who enter, Is an ante
room to paradise.
In the pandemonium of divorce which
exists In America nnd Kurope today, one
may easily trace the lack of common
eensc of woman as a leading factor.
When men stray from the path of recti
tude und play with danger, they know
what they aro doing and know they ure
not Justified; hut they Indulge their sel
fish Impulses and defy consequences.
When a married man or a bachelor
crosses tho boundary line of friendship
tr'p"M on the real f Pwslon
., umo ,,, wno ,B n0i nla
to woo, he knows exactly where his path
way leads, uut throe-fourths of the
women who figure In dlvorco courts as
co-respondents, or whose affinities are
named us co-respondents by angry hus
bands, have drifted Into tho compromla-
b ettuauvil uiruuj.ll u IUCK Ol Common
sense, Tliey have listened to the plati
tudes about Platonic love; they have
allowed themselves to enjoy attentions
which flattered their vanity, and they
have gradually been led Into compromis
ing situations by falling to take a common-sense
view of the subject from the
Love and loyallty. even when accom
panied by unselfishness and economy,
often fall to render a man happy in his
domestic life If there is a woeful lark of
tact or a superabundance of nerves In
his home. It la a lack of common-sense
reasoning which causes a woman always
to want to talk or be talked to when the
man wants to read or relax; to want to
go out when his mood Is to stay at home;
to want to stay at home when he shows
a desire to go out; to become hysterical
or sullen when he praises another wo
man; to be disorderly In her habits, or
to carry order to tho extent of elimina
ting comfort from tho home, and to de
clare the will go home to her mother
when he objects to any of these small
but Irritating xcullarltlc. The misdeeds
of mun In the conjugal relation are un
usally (urge, and cry forth from the
house-tops to all the world, and are the.
result of undeveloped moral qualities.
i it i
Mysteries of Science
Ry GARRETT P. SERVI8S.
"In mention of the comet now under
observation, reference Is made to Ca
pella. Could you give us an article de-
1 scribing this great sun, and what Is
1 known of Its uttl-
together with some
companion us to
size with our solar
system? T. C. r.
"Santa Paula, Cal '
Can I. can any
body, truly "de
scribe a sun that la
at least a hundred
times brighter and
hotter than the
biasing orb which
i makes the earth
mer's day by
; 90.000.000 miles of
space nnd merely touching It with one
two-thousanth-mllllonth part of Its total
If the earth were as near to Capella. a
It Is to the sun, the thermometer (If art
Instrument could be made capable of
bearing such a temperature) would rise
In July not merely to a 100, but to 10,000
Tho oceans would fly off In puffs of
steam. The forests and fields would kin
dle and burn like matchwood. The
mountains and hills would melt like
beeswax In a red-hot oven. The earth In
the rays of Capella would be as a moth
In a candle flame.
People who live on worlds revolving
around little suns like ours are the vil
lagers and rustics of tho universe; the
cosmopolites dwell upon the satellites of
giant stars like Capella; for where they
shine are the capitals of space.
The scalo of things In the planetary
system of such a star Is proportioned to
the power and splendor of Its central orb.
We are very comfortably situated at a
distance of some 90,000,000 from the sun.
In Capella' a system the same relative
situation would demand a distance of
nearly 1,000,000,000 miles.
A vast and wonderful sphere of light,
fading gradually Into the darkness of
surrounding Immensity, envelops Capella.
The similar, but miniature, globe of lum
inosity that our sun forms about Itself
becomes so dim at the distance of tts
farthest planet, Neptune, that that lone
world seems almost lost In the twilight
of endless space. Dut a planet encircling
around Capella at a distance of Neptune
from the sun would enjoy a very brtll-
ltant daylight, while 2S2,0OO,0OO.O0O miles
away would still have as much light ast
Keptune has In our system.
If you could lay the sun boslde Ca
pella on a table, It would look, as to
size, like a boy's marble beside a cannon
ball. The diameter of the sun Is about
865,000 miles; that of Capella, on the as
sumption of equal Intrinsic brightness of
surface, cannot be less than 8,500,000 miles.
Its attractive power Is about a thousand
tlmrs that of the sun, which Is the same
ratio the sun's attractive power bear
to that of the planet Jupiter. If tho
sun were to approach Capella It would
become a satellite of that star, and as
tronomers In distant parts of the universe
would look through their telescopes and
say: "Why, seel Capella hos been pick
ing up a new companion, a tiny, shy
looking twlnkler which Is almost swal
lowed up In the rays of the big star, A
delightfully novel, little Incident In Inter
Dut, tn reality, Capella la already a
double star, and one of the most won
derful In the heavens. Its companion Is
no comparatively body like the sun, but
a huge orb of nearly the same size aa
Yet one of these linked stars Is twice
as bright aa the other nnd, notwithstand
ing their close association they are
probably only about 0,000,000 miles apart
they belong to the separate spectro
scopic types, which Is somewhat the
sanio as saying that two prisoners,
chained to work togother In the galleys,
are members of two races, for Instance,
a European and a Malay,
Tho brighter star In Cupella (for to the
eyo they blend Into one) Is Intimately al
lied In constitution to the sun, while the
other resembles the "Little Dog Star,"
Procyon, which haa yie' peculiarity of
showing a strong ultra-violet strain In
For the fake of accuracy It should bo
added that the relatives flguhea of size
and brightness given above, In compar
ison with tho sun, should rcallly be un
derstood as applying to the two stars In
Capella reckoned as one. In other words,
taken together they are a thousand times
as bright and a thousand times as strong,
gravltatlonally, as the sun. Out for ordi
nary purposes It comes to very much the
same thing, since, as already said, the
eye, and even the telescope, shows Capella
as If it were a single star.
There are also soma variations In the
conclusions that different Investigators
j havo reached concerning this strange and
Dealllful celestial object.
According to some, the two linked stars
are very lacking In density, so that, while
their luminosity is a hundred times the
sun's, their combined mass, or gravltatlva
power, la only fceventeen times greater
' ,,an h(g
Tho distances of Capella front our solar
system Is about 230,000,000 miles, which
explains the fact that it appears to our
eyes only as a bright star, .while In truth
It Is a stupendous sun. Distance Is the
great enchanter that turns giants Into
Capella la the brilliant white star seen,
at this season, low down In the northwest
right after nightfall.
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