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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 13, 1914)
Schools and Colleges
Advertised m The Bee
VOL. XLTV NO. 21.
OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, ,1lTLV 13, 15)14.
On Trains and at
IToUl JTsws Stands, Be.
SINGLE COPY WO CENTS.
Mm EARLY MORN
P AND UNTIL NIGHT
Century Mark Reached Dur
ing the Afternoon.
HOTTEST DAY OF THE YEAR
Two O'clock Maximum is Reached,
but Still StayB Hot.
KEEPING COOL IS IMPOSSIBLE
Many Seek Relief, Which Most of
Them Are Unable to Find.
FAMILIES HIE TO BASEMENTS
ChanffP in thn "Wind, It Veerlnir
Into the North, Brings Little
Chnnae that In WeJ
N corned by All.
Fri. Sat Bun.
Hours. Deg. J5eg. Deg.
6 a. m 74 76 W
6 a. m 75 77 81
7 a. m 77 79 S3
5 a. m 79 St 8i
".9 a. m 83 86 8S
10 tu m 87 83 92
11 a. tn 89 92 91
12 m -.. 91 94 97
1 p. m 92 94
2p.ni .... 93 97 10J
3 p. m 94 8 9S
4 p. m - 9 96 97
6 p. m - 94 94 91
6p.m - 93 93 95
7 p. m -91 92 94
Hottest Dnr of the Year.
Old Sol Kot In his work yesterday and
up on top of the government building
pushed the mercury In Colonel Welch's
thermometer up to the 100 degree mark.
Then he loosened his grip and permitted
things to cool off a little, but even then
there was nothing frigid about the
weather, for at 7 o'clock last night when
the final official reading for the day
was had, the registration was 94 degrees
above, the same temperature as at 11
o'clock In the forenoon.
AU morning It was a smothering heat
with plenty of humidity that perhaps
made It seem really hotter than It was.
Bit It was hot, and thermometers down
on the street level and In the? shade re
corded anywhere from 110 to 11G degrees
and It Is said that some of them even
It was the hottest day of the year and
one of the hottest July days In the his
tory of the town, 100 degrees having sel
dom before been reached In July, this
temperature usually occurring In August
Starts In Early.
.WltHthe rising of the sun and even
before people knew that It waa hot At
. t -o'oloclhe OYjtfnmentreg
was 80 degrees and as the day advanced,
hourly the, temperature raised a degree,
or so. AlU o'clock It.. stood at Then
It Jumped to 87 at noon and to 99 at 1
o'clock. At 2 o'clock the century mark
and the maximum waa reached. At S
o'clock It had fallen to 93 and after that
until the last official reading of the day
Was made, which was at 7 o'clock, there
was a drop of one degree an hour.
The extreme heat kept people away
from the, churches and about every place ;
the preachers cut their services short J
while they mopped their -brows and
noted the wilting of their colloM.
When people of the city really realized
how hot It was they commenced to hunt
cool places, but the only such places were
basements, which were well patronized,
many families moving their furniture be
low the street level and remaining there
during the day.
There was a rush to Carter lake and
Manawa but It was hot at both of these
resorts, the air being cooled but little by
passing over the water. In shady places
where (he wind had a sweep It was pos
sible to exist, but In the parks, where
the foliage was dense and the breeze
could not penetrate, It was much like
being In an oven.
misters the Gardens.
Out In the open vegetation wilted and
blistered under tho rays of the sun, for
hardly at any time during the day did a.
cloud pass over Its face. Gardens around
town showed the effect of the heat but
whether out In the country crops have
been damaged Is a debatable question.
Soon after tho maximum had been
reached, a switch In the wind brought a
bit of relief. All morning and until
(Continued on Fage Two.)
Fighting Under Way
at San Luis Potosi
SAX.TTLLO, Mexico, Juif 1L (Via
Laredo, Tex.) July 12.-Flghtlng already
has commenced at San Luis Potosi. En
gagements of outposts designed by the
constitutionalists to establish the federal
strength and position are of dally oc
currence, according to reports received
here by General Carranza. These actions
are careful reconnalsences.
For Nebraska and Iowa Generally fair,
not much change In temperature.
Temperature at Omaha Yestexday,
Hours. . Deg.
& a. m SO
6 a. m 81
7 a. m 82
8 a. m S9
9 a. m ss
10 a. m 92
11 a. m in
12 m 97
1 P. m 99
2 p. m 100
3 p. m 98
4 p. m 97
5 p. m 96
6 p. m , 95
7 p . m 94
1914. 1913 1912. 1SU.
100 89 98 89
W 61 72 t3
.... 90 75 8& 78
Lowest yesterday ,
.00 .02 .04
Temperature and precipitation depar
tures from the normal;
Normal temperature 71
Kxress for thn tlnv 11
Total excess since March 1 087
.lurmai precipitation 11 Inch
ReI clency for the day 14 Inch
Deflc eney since March 1 ... 1 21 Inches
Deficiency for cor period, 1913. 1 42 Inches
Deficiency for cor. period. 1912, 7 14 Inches
I A. WELSH. Local Forecaster.
FILIPINO BILL BEFORE HOUSE
Measure Giving Islanders Nearer
Approach to Freedom Offered.
HAS ADMINISTRATION 0. K.
Abolition of Commission and Sub
stitution Therefor nf n Senate
Is Provided In Proposed
WASHINGTON. July 12.-An admini
stration approved plan for a moro
autonomous government In the Philip
pines as another step toward Inde
pendence was '.aid before congress yester
day. Representative Jones of Vlrglnln In
troduced a bill covering the subject. Mr.
Jones Is chairman of the house Insular
committee and his measure, declaring
the purpose of the people of the United
States as to the future political status
of the Filipinos, followed a long series
of conferences with President Wilson,
Secretary Garrison. Manuel Qiiezon. the
Philippine resident commissioner to the
United Stntes, and democratic member
of the Insular committee, till of whom in
formally have approved It.
The bill fixes no date. Its preamble
recites that It was never the Intention
of the people of the United States, In the
lnclplcncy of the war with Spain, to mako
ll a war of conquest or territorial
aggrandizement. It asserts that it always
has been their purpose to recognize thn
Independence of the Philippine Islands
"as soon as a stable government could be
established therein." It declares It to be
desirable to place In the hands of the
Filipinos us large a control of their
domestic affairs as may be consistent
with the exercise. In the meantime, of
tho right of sovereignty by the United
Jones Explains Ttlll.
Mr. Jones, explaining his Phlllpplno
bill tonight said:
"Generally speaking the bill provides
for the Philippine Islands tho most liberal
form ot a territorial government. Its
principal features affecting the more Im
portant changes In the existing organic
act are those relating to the enlarged
powers conferred upon the governor-general
and the abolition of tho present
Philippine commission as such and tho
substitution therefor of a senate, tho
members of which representing Christian
provinces shall be elected by popular vote.
"The non-Christian tribes are to be
represented In the legislature by two
senators and nine representatives ap
pointed by the governor-general. Tho
governor-general is to appoint the heads
of the executive departments. The only
officials to be appointed by the president
are the governor-general and the mem
bers of the supremo court
The governor-general Is given a limited
power of veto over the acts of tho
legislature, but the president would have
the power of absolute veto.
Authority of Legislature.
"Tho legislature, both branches of
which' are to be".electlve with the excep
tion of members representing the non
Christian territory, is, given authority to
legislate as to all the affairs of the Isl
ands, except that It cannot pass any law
affecting the trade returns with the
United States and cannot pass any tariff
or currency act nor any act disposing
of public lands, timber or mining rights,
without first securing presidential appro
val. As an additional safeguard, and In
the Interest of the Philippine people, the
right of congress to annul any act of the
Philippine legislature is expressly re
served. "A permanent bureau to have general
supervision over the non-Christian tribes
"The right to vote is confined to citi
zens of tho islands and tho educational
qualification of the present law Is so en
larged as to embrace those who can read
and write a native language Instead of
English or Spanish as at present
"The two resident commissioners to tho
United States now elected by the legisla
ture would be elected by popular vote.
The present law restricting the legislature
sb to those whom It may admit to citi
zenship is so broadened as to confer
power to admit Americans residing In the
Islands to become citizens thereof."
Jaunts on U. S. Boats
Stir Members' Ire
WASHINGTON. July 12. -Representative
Good, republican of Iowa, made an
attack In the house on the use of govern
ment revenue cutters as "pleasure craft"
by Secretary McAdoo. Representative (
Good declared that the revenue cutter
Onondaga made regular week-end trips
out of Boston to accommodate "parties
of democrats." He quoted an article from
a newspaper saying Mr. and Mrs. McAdoo
had made a cruise to Mattapolsset, Mass.,
In the Onondaga.
Mr, Good read a statute enacted some
time ago prohibiting the use of revenue
cutters except for government business.
"If tho public had the power," he con
cluded, "it would demand the removal of
the secretary of the treasury who not
only fails to enforce the law, but himself
Representative Burke of South Dakota
said Mr. Good had "made charges here
which if true amounted to malfeasance
In office. I'd like to know," he de
clared, "how much truth there Is In
Representative Glass of Virginia de
clared he believed the secretary paid out
of his own pocket the expenses of his
cutter transportation when on private
PIERRE. 8. D., July 12.-(Special.)-Two
weeks ago a numer of harvest
laborers came to this city sent by the
national department of labor. While aU
were supplied with work through the
Immigration department It was found
necessary to send a number of the men
to points in the eastern part of the state.
Just now the local demand is the other
way. and the requests for men for hay
harvest In this section are piling up In
the department, with not enough men to
fill the demand, as the shortage here two
weeks ago resulted In a policy of switch
ing the laborers off In the eastern part
of the state instead ot bringing them this
TWO YEARS AGO AND NOW These pictures of Theodore Roosevelt show tho change that has been wrought
in two years in his personal appearance. The ono on the left shows him sitting at his de3k in The Outlook offico
after the convention in 1912. Thu one on the right was tuken last Monday morning at New York headquarters of
the progressive party.
BALLOONS LEAVE ST, LOUIS
; Eight Gas Bags Sail Away to South
I in Great Air Race.
! HEAT TOO MUCH FOR "H00SIER"
Craft Hursts Forty-Five Minutes
Before the Time It Is Sched
uled tn Open till- Con
ST. LOUIS, July 12.-Only five of the
eight balloons that started In the national
elimination trials late yesterday were
still In the air tonight, according to re
ports received her.
"San Francisco, 1015,' was one of those
not heard from. Thoso reported down
are "Miss Sophia," "Kansas City Sec
ond" and "American Third." Tho best
distance, 138 miles, was made by "Amer
ST. LOUIS, July 12.-Dilftlng slowly to
the south until they disappeared beyond
tho horizon, eight balloons sailed from here
yesterday In tho race to determine the
third American entrant in the interna
tional raco for the James Gordon Bonnet
cup in Kansas City next October.
As the prevailing air currents are south
west to northwest according to the
weather bureau, It Is thought all the
balloons will be headed toward the Great
Lakes by daylight tomorrow.
Only ono accident, marred the start
of the race the bursting of the balloon
"Hoosler," forty-five minutes before the
time it was scheduled to open the con
test. It Is believed the cloth of the great
gas bag was not in the best of condi
tion and gave way under - the high ex
pansion of the gas caused by the
temperature as the thermometer at the
street level stood at 108 degrees.
Sun's Hays Scorching.
So nearly still was the air as the
balloons rose from the immense jlt of
a motordrome where the race was held,
a pit in which the sun beat down with
scorching rays, while not a trace ot a
breeze .could be felt, that they drifted
slowly back and forth as If they were
seeking a current that would bear
The first balloon to sail, which waa
entered as No. 2 was released at 4:59
o'clock, one minute before the announced
starting time. The other balloons quickly
followed, and within thirty-five minutes
all eight were visible at one time.
The balloon Uncle Sam flew the pen
nant of the Press club of St. Louis, the
balloon "Aero club of St. Louis" flow an
American flag halt way up the rigging
end was equipped with an ulr pump with
which to Inflate tho bag from time to
All the pilots carried life preservers
for use should they land in tho Great
Lakes. The pilots were sparing with
their ballast, and several took a low cur
rent INCOME AND TAX RECEIPTS
GIVEN BY SECRETARY NPAD00
WASHINGTON. July ll.-Income and
corporation tax receipts for tho first ten
days of July aggregated 5,24O,10S.63 and
raised the receipts from that source for
the last fiscal year to J76.G26.2C4.lf6. The
estimate of Secretary McAdoo was that
the total Income and corporation tax col
lections would be only J75.000.000.
Ordinary receipts for the first ten days
In July amounted to $34,996,178.79, as
against (18,103,46.44 for the corresponding
period of lost year. The two warships
sold to Greece netted $12,535,275.96, which
waa Included in the collections for the
first ten days of July. Expenditures for
that period were 121,133,772.70, leaving a
surplus of 113,872.405.89. Deducting from
that sum the expenditures of the Panama
cans', the surplus is )10,338,60.S!, as
against a deficit last year of t,ll(,062v;.
The total balance in the general fund 1 1
the (lose of business on July 10, was
Deported by Villa
EL PASO, Tex.. July 11. Twenty-five
jjlestn of tho Roman Catholic church ar
rived hero tonight from Aguas Callcntcs,
Zacatecns. Torreon and Chihuahua City,
having been deported by order of Gen
eral Villa. The action followed adoption
of a resolution at tho recent international
peace conference In Torreon to the effect
thattho Catholio clergy In Mexico would
bo punished for having aided tho federals
during tho revolution.
TWISTER HITS SHENANDOAH
Small Tornado Follows the Hottest
Day in Many Years.
RUMOR TOWN OF COIN STRUCK
Part of Itoof of Congregational
Church Taken Off and Many
Store Fronts Are Also
II low 11 In.
BHKNANDOA21. to,, July i2.-(Speclal
Telegram.) Following the hottest day In
years, the temperature passing 102 de
grees, a small-sized tornado hit this town
shortly after 6 o'clock this evening, do
ing considerable damage.
Suddenly a small black cloud appeared
tn tho southwest, coming rapidly toward
town. As it neared the outskirts, what
appeared to be a tail dropped from Its
contor and moved on with a whirling mo
tion. Striking the west part, of town, It
partially unroofed the Congregational
church, scattering tho slate in every di
rection. The Catholic church appeared to be
next In the path of the twister. The
large stone cross on the tower waa
blown off, crashing to the street and
breaking a hole In the cement sidewalk,
In thn business part of tho town half
a dozen plate glass front windows were
blown In and at the end of one of the
streets a large frame blacksmith shop
was lifted from its foundation, carried
several feet and totally destroyed.
Tho wind did not continue to exceed
two minutes, but In that length of time
It swept entirely across the town, up
rooting dozens of large shade trees and
blowing In windows in a score ot resi
dences. A heavy rain with considerable hall
accompanied the storm, the latter do-
stroying gardens that lay In its course.
! There Is report that the town of Coin,
fifteen miles south, was hit and badly
damaged by the tornado, but wires are
down and it has been Impossible to get
In communication with anyone there.
Engine with Fifteen
Men Plunges in Fire;
Three Lives Are Lost
TACOMA, Wash.. July 12 Three men
are dead and 14 Injured as the result of
a fire that destroyed tho plants of tho
Comly Mill company and the Bismarck
Mill company last night.
Running a gauntlet of flame to save a
few hundred dollars' worth ot loaded lum
ber cars In the mlllyards, a switch engine
of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St Paul
railway Jumped the track when the
warped rails bent beneath the load. The
locomotive was thrown into the seething
flames with fifteen men aboard
Earl Carpenter, Inspector of the Tacoma
Railway and Power company; C. O. West
cott, foreman of a switching crew of the
Milwaukee road, and Glencel Oabrl 1, a
student seventeen years old, were burned
almost beyond recognition under the lo
comotive. W. A Manner, a brakrman, Is In seri
ous from burns; Joseph Kemp, locomo
tive cnglnctr, was slightly burned. The
others will recover. v
HUERTA MAY QUIT MONDAY
Rumored His Resignation May Be
Placed Before Congress Then.
CARBAJAL TO BE PRESIDENT
12l vii t Ion of Xtvwly Appointed For
eign .Minister Will Not He Ac
ceptable to the Consti
VERA CRUZ,, Mexico, July 12. Tho
resignation ot Provisional President
Htlorta may be placed before congress
on Monday, the general departing Imme
diately thereafter for Puerto .Mexico or
Vera Cruz under British escort, accord
ing to reports in circulation here tonight,
which originated from a source that u
usually well lnformod.
Adolfu De La Gama, minister ot tlnanoe
In Huerta's cabinet who arrived here to
day en route to Europe, while refusing
to confirm these reports, said Huerta's
retirement at an early dato was not un
likely, and that from now until Wednes
day was "but a short time to await, de
velopments," Reports from tho Mexican capital also
state that Francisco Carbajol, the newly
appointed foreign minister, replacing
Estava Ruiz, tho acting minister, who
will arrlvo here tomorrow on his way to
Europe, will be named provisional presi
dent. Purpose of Visit.
Rear Admiral Sir Christopher Craddock
ot the British squadron Is now In Mexico
City, and it was generally reported today
that the real purpose of his vlelt was to
escort General Huerta and the latter's
family personally where they probably
would board a British warship. While It
was Impossible to obtain positive confirm
ation here, the reports pointed out that
many recent developments Indicate the
probability of some such plan having been
made at the capital.
The departure of Senor De La Gama,
General Joaquin and Colonel Mario Maas
and Roberto Esteva-Rulz Is considered
highly significant. All of these men have
served Huerta faithfully and are among
his closest counsellors. The Maas brothers
are related to him by marriage and Senor
De La Gama is second only to General
Blanquet In position In the Huerta cabi
net It Is believed that General Huerta
is giving them an opportunity to leave
the country In safety before he, himself,
departs In the belief that their lives
would be In danger in the capital after
Don't I.lUr Ciirluijnl.
WASHINGTON. July 12. -Constitutionalists
here, commenting on the rumored
elevation to the provisional presidency
of Francisco Carbajal, said he would not
be acceptable to them, as he was aligned
with tho Huerta administration and
closely Identified with tho clcntitlcos
Although General Carranza has not
sent his formal answer to the South
American mediators to the Invitation for
Informal conferences, his announcement
today that ho Intended to carry out the
plan of Guadalupe. Is regarded hero as a
flat rejection of the proposal.
Carranza had told the mediators he
would consult his generals on a change
In the plan of Guadalupe and today's
statement Is taken to mean that none
would bo accepted.
St. Louis Land Man
Faces Lottery Charge
ST. LOUIS. July 12. -William C. Uphoff,
local manager of the Railroad Unim
proved Land association, was arrested
here today on charges of "conducting a
The complaint was made by several fit.
Louis men, who declared although they
"won" In the drawing -n lots, said to
have been conducted by tho company,
they could not get their land.
Uphoff was released on 200 bonds.
Offers Five Dollars
For Each Plague Eat;
cnth of the area,
NEW ORLEANS, July 12.-Dr. William! -Thrt0 holders own 1O5.6OO.C0O acres.
C. Ruckcr. assistant surgeon general of Th,B u nn arca four-fifths the size of
the United Stntes publlo health service, 1 rranco, or greater than the entire state
In charge of tho rat destruction campaign of California, or more than two and one
to prevent a spread of bubonic plague in1 nnf tmrg tho tarid area of the six New
New Orleans, offered a bounty of 5 each Roland states. Sixteen holders own
for plague . Infected rats. Of tho 2.230 ; f?..) ncrei. OP nearly ten times tho
rodents examined not ono has bean
found Infeited, It was announced. No
new coses, of tha plague' ,wero reported
JUSTICE LURTON IS DEAD
Member of United States Supreme
Court Expires at Atlantio City.
APPOINTED BY PRESIDENT TAFT
Native of Kentucky, lie Served In
Various Judicial Cnpncltles on
Federal Ileuoh and Was Jns
tlce of Tennessee Conrt.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., July 12. Asso
ciate Justice Horace. Harmon Lurton oC
the United Stutes supreme court died
Justice Horace Harmon Lurton was
born at Newport Ky.. in 1844. After at
tending the public schools he entered the
Douglas and Cumberland universities and
took his B. L. degree at Cumberland uni
versity In 1807. Ho was admitted to the
bar in 1867 and tho same year married
FranscA Owen of Lebanon, Tenn.
Jurdge Lurton whs chancellor of the
Sixth division of Tennessee from 1875 to
1878, and was Justice ot the supreme court
or Tonnesseo from 1SA6 to 1893 and was
chief Justice from January to April 1893.
Ho served as United States circuit Judge
'from 1K93 to 1910 and waa made assoclato
Justice of the nuprcme court of the United
States In January' 1910 by President Taft
From 1838 to 1910 Judgo Lurton was
professor of constitutional law in Van
derbllt university and was dean ot the
law deportment from 1905 to 1910.
Storm the Den in
Full Force Tonight
Tonight Is Fremont night at the Ak-Sar
Ben Den. A special train Is to bring I
something like 1,000 Fremont business
men to Omaha this evening to be initiated
at the Den. It is to stop at the towns to- i
tween Fremont and Omaha and bring all j
the live business men who want to come, i
It Is the King's r ight to entertain, and
he Is prepared to entntaln the loyal sub
jects of tho Fremont comer of his greit
and prosperous realm.
DISTURBER IV HAS ITS
FINAL TRY0UT SATURDAY
CHICAGO. July ll.-Dlsturbcr IV, tho
1,500 horse power hydroplane built by
Jumcs A. Pugh, as challenger for tho
Harmsworth trophy, had Its final try out
here today, and tomorrow will be started
on Its Journey to Cowes, England, where
August IS, It will meet foreign boats In
tho first race for the worlds' champion
ship. The racer attained a speed of fifty miles
an hour. At the speed the boat was trav
eling with four planes out of the water,
the air system keeping the water away
from the sides at all times.
Farmer Injured In Runaway.
BRADSHAW, Neb.. July 12.-(8peclal.)
Fred Kennedy, llvjng southwest of this
town, met with a sovere accident
Saturday while hauling grain, by having
his team run away. Ho was thrown to
the ground, which resulted In the frac
ture of two ribs. His injuries are not
FEW MEN CONTROL
GREATER SHARE OF
TIMBERIN THE D. S.
Bureau of Corporations Finds
Menace in Immense Holdings
of These Big Owners.
Vast Region Held in Fee
1,684 Persons, is the
MAY LEAD TO FUTURE TROUBLE
Land Becoming Very Valuable for
NOT ABANDONED AS CLEARED
Likely to'Lenrt tn Corporation Farm-.
IiirTi !Ilnh Prices for Ne.vr Ter
ritory and Increase of
WASHINGTON. July .-Concentration
of timber lands In the United States tn
the hands of few owners Is discussed
at length In the econd and third parta
of the report of the bureau of corpora
tions on the lumber Industry, submitted
to President Wilson today by Commis
Two men hold 4i per cent of the timber
In southwestern Washington, the report
says; five men hold 30 per cent In west
ern Oregon; six have 70 per cent of north
eastern California; ten have more than
half of the redwood area, and In north,
central Idaho four holders have 60 per
"The control of our standing timber In
a comparatively few enormous holdings,
speculatively held for In advance of any
1 use thereof, and the great Increaso In
the vnlun of timber, resulting in part
i from such speculative holding, are un
derlying facts that wtll become more and
j moro Important elements In determining
the price of lumber as the supply or tim
ber diminishes," says the report
Own Twentieth of IT. S.
'The main fact shown Is that 1.631 tlm-
j bor owners hold In fee over one-twentieth
ot tho land area of the entire Unltod
States from the Canadlnn to the Mexican
border. In many states these 1,694 own
1 no lands at an. in tne wu umoerea
counties Investigated thoy own one-sevi
lnn,i nnu nf New Jernev. Three land
rrant railroads own enough to give fif
teen acres to every tnaTdbirvoTlng ago
In the' nine western states, where almost
nit their holdings lie.
''Not all this land is sultablo for agrU
culture. In tho south 'and In tho lake
states and In part; o'f the west a large)
portion of It can be -used for agriculture
of tor tho 'timber Is removed; but In many
parts of tho west the land Is mountain
ous and adapted chiefly to reforestation.
Much of the railroad owned land outslda
tho timber regions 1b arid or semi-arid.
MlehlKnn niul Florida.
"In the upper penlrisula of Michigan
45 per cent ot the' land is held, mostly in
fee, by thirty-two timber owners. In
Florida fifty-two holders, (mostly timber
owners) hold one-third of the land in the
"Lavish land grants and loose, lll-on-forced
land laws, are tho historical back
ground of the concentration ot land anil
timber ownership shown In this report
A study of the present ownership ofi
7,370,000 acres of railroad, wagon road an4
canal grant lands, covering most ot th
granted lands In the map area, and a lib-
tie elsewhere, shows that of these pan
tlcular lands, granted long ago to slngla
corporations apparently with tho idea
that they would be quickly sold to set
tlers, only IS per cent are now distributed
In small holdings. Eighty-five per cent
are owned by the grantees or their bui
cessors, or by large timber holders. Ot
82,600,000 acres granted to three western
railroads in the sixties, the roads stlH
retained 40 per cent In 1910.
.States at Fault.
"Moreover, the states appear to liars
disposed of the various federal grants
rrade to them in such a way as to con
tribute to the concentration ot land and
timber ownership. Florida Is a strtklns
example of this. Again, the publlo land
laws, the cash sale law (now repealed),
the scrip laws and the homestead and
timber and stone laws operated, at least
In timber regions, to transfer govern
ment lands directly, or almost directly
to great holders.
"Ninety-eight per cent of the 1,500,000
acres comprised In the largest timber
holding In the lake states waa acquired
in a wholesale manner, chiefly from
tracts disposed of by the government
through nrants to the state or under the
scrip and the cash-sale laws.
"This marked concentration in tha
ownership ot land has two Important
aspects. The first Is the concentration
of control of the natural resources, other
than agricultural, in the area comprised
(Contlnued on Page Two.)
Read This Success
"Newspaper advertising Is
tho quick way to reach the
great consuming body of Amer
So writes a manufacturer of
chewing gum; who adds.
"Wo havo proof of It in the
tremendous sales of our pro
duct In two years.
"Tho co-operation wo have
secured from publishers has
The name of this advertiser
and information about co-operation
and its help to the adver
tiser will be furnished by the
Bureau of Advertising, Ameri
can Nowspapcr Publishers As
sociation. World: nodding, New
l OrK, .
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