Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 05, 1914, PART TWO EDITORIAL, SOCIETY, Page 5-B, Image 17

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    THE OMAHA srXDAY BKlv Jt'LY 5, 1!U4.
Sunday is
h . PH. by Frank O I'ariwntei 1
show you how our holy Sab
bath is spent In thin, tn v.- ly
n4. . . ... ,
m irraco. Capital or
Hollvla Is one of the most
Interesting of all the South
oitics. and Sunday la Its
of the week The town 11m
great da?
far back from the ocean, across the high-
rst of the Andes, and on one of the hlgh--cst
plateaus of the earth. In the Oulbert
hotel, where I am writing. 1 am almost
two miles and a half aboe the sen. ami
I can see from my window the perpetual
p:.ows or Mount lllimanl, one of the high
est peaks of this hemisphere. All about
are other high mountains, and wulllns me
In are the (treat ramparts, three times
s high ns the Washington monument,
that guard the basin In which Ls. Paz
Hoe. I have climbed the walls of Jeru
salem, and have tramped for mllos upon
the great wall of rhlna that separates
that country from Mongolia. Xelther of
these walls is over fifty feet high. The.
walls of Ijn Paz nro thirty times higher.
They oxtond upward for 1,300 feet and
In a pltitonit that Is more than 13 000 feet
nfcove the level of the ocean. The plateni
of Bolivia is as big as either Virginia,
Ohio or Kentucky, and on one side ot
It aio mountains, some of which arc
more than four miles In height. The city
lies In a depression In that plateau. It la
Ir a little hollow, way up here on the
topmost roof ot the world. Mr. John n.
C'llear, our American minister, says the
Mtc of tho town is shaped like a wash
bowl whose top Is three miles In diameter
and. whose sides are 1,500 feot deep. This
bowl Is almost circular excopt for one
end, where Is a great crack, out of which
the I.a Paz river runs. And. Indeed,
that t-tvps iv fair Idea of the city. Its
Mtc was a depression' In Mho bed ot the
great Inland sea that once covered this
mighty plateau. Then the earth rose and
the water btoke through at tlio crack
and ran out, leaving the dry hollow that
now holds tho capital of - tho Holtvian
.Voir llnvc llnllrotitl.
When I last visited l.a Paz I rode from
Lake Tltlcaca across the plateau on tho
top of u stage drawn by eight mules,
which wero changed every three hours.
This time I came on tho railroad. 1 took
tho train at Guaqitl, on Luke Titlcaca,
and within three or four hours had
crossed tho high plains. I could sec no
sign of a city until the cars stopped at
the Alto. This Ik at the edgo ot the
basin, whero the motive power for the
train Is changed from steam to electric
lty. Here our engine pulled up on the
brink of the precipice, and there below us
was this mighty hole peppered with
houses, roofed with red tiles and galvan
ized iron. Wo could see 'he walls of
green, made by natuie. and the patches
of cultivation clambering their sides; and
right in tho center, awny down far below
us, wero the two and three-story houses
and the churches and the public buildings
that make up tho city.
We rode down tho sides of the walls on
an electric; trolley in winding curves, our
train zigzagging this way and that. Here
the cars flew around 11 loop, and there
they cut a groat figure S, while further
on we could see a' half dozeti tracks abovo
and below us. As we descended tho town
grow larger, and tho buildings that wero
merely toy houses when .viewed from the
Alto, becamu of respectable size. We could
now rdck, out the1 streets as' they, climbed
down t)ib hills, . and could recognize the
buildings about the great, central plaza,
whero stands the national capltol. In
which congress meets. AVe could see the
-palace whero the president lives, and at
Itn left tile unfinished cathedral, upon
which the people have been working for
two generations, and whore I am told
they will still be working for a generation
to come. At the same time wo began to
notice the crowds of the streets, and our
eyes caught the maze of bright colors,
which, of a Sunday, paint waving ribbons
on the thoroughfares of La Paz,
II I IV lttiNlrtcKH mi Sunday.
On week days La Paz has a mixed pop
ulation of perhaps 80,000. On Sundays this
number Is increased by tens of thousands
ot Indians. The Aytnaras ' come In for
many mllos c . er tho country around,
choosing this Lord's day of all others as
their one and only trading day of the
1 have seen most of the great market
sights of tho world. I have haggled over
the prices In Calcutta, Bombay and Ben
nies, I have dickered with the orientals
in Cairo and Tunis and have fought
with the Slavs at tho fair ot Nljnl Nov
gorod on the Volga, whero Europe and
Asia annually meet to buy and to sell. I
have seen the open-air markets of Africa
and tho mighty bazaars of Slam and
Burma, but nowhere have I found so
much activity as right hero In La Paz.
The Indians are dressed' In 'the gayest
of reds, yellows, purples and greens.
They bring their families with them and
there Is a jna'ss of moving men, women
and children Vwhlph, throngs the streets
from one end, to tho other, Every one
has merchandise with him and many
have traveled forty, fifty or more miles,
carrying their wares on their hacks. In
addition to the crowd on' the cobblestone
load ways are two long lines of women
sellers who take up the sidewalks,
Kvery one bits down where she is and
spreads her wares out before her, so that
thcro are literally miles of vegetables and
goods on ono kind of other lining tho
streets. In addition to .the Indians are1
the many Cholos or half breqdB, and
mixed with the whole Is tile white pop
ulation of the Bolivian capital, women
and men who have come out to buy or
see tho strange sights.
All Wcnr Ilrlulit Colorx.
The chief colors come from the dress of
tho Indians. The children' and grownups
wear alnnit the same costume, and even
the babies ate clad like their parents.
Tho men and boys . have on ponchos
which cover the upper parts , of their
bodies. The poncho Is a blanket of the
brightest of colors, with a short silt in
the middle through Which the head goes,
so that the cloth rests on the neck and
shoulders and falls Ja the waist. Under
the poncho is an embroidered vest, and
the suit is completed by pantaloons that
icach half way down the calf and are
lit up to the knees at the back. Many
of the Indian men are barefooted, and
many wear sole-leather sandals tied on
with strings. The most of them have on
llttlo jfclt hats with round crowns, and
under them knit flaps that cover the ears
and fall to the shoulders!
The women also weiir hats of much tho
same shape, and some of them are bare
headed. All are barefooted. They wear
guy blankots pinned around fholr shoul
der, iovering a white waist or vest. They
have very full skirts o'f red, yellow, pink,
green ' or blue. Everything la of the
gaudiest nature, and the cheap dyes ut
Germany have aided In making the 'iue
and tints swear at one another.
Half ShhI1i mid Indian.
Mixed with the Indians arc the Choios
Busiest Day in the
a s
and Cholas and the Cholltos. The Cho
los are the women, and Cholltos Is a
semi-affectionate term for the girls, Tho
cholos are the mixed breed made by the
crossing of the Spaniard and the Indian.
The Cholo men dress much as we do, but
tho women and girls have the same vos-
tumo they have had for a generation or '
more. They delight ln delicate colors, nnd
seem to have robbed the gorgeous Andean
sunsets for the tints of their shawls und
dresses. They have skirts of rose-red
and sky-blue. Hundreds of them wear
skirts of sky-green, and not a few have
short dresses as red aB the sun as its set
ting. They have shawls of tho finest of
silk of the most delicate hues, nnd thefe
aro bo draped that they stand out over
the skirts, which aro propped out with
hoops. Tlie skirts themselves reach only
to the ripe curve of the calf, whoso
plumpness Is brought out by the high
shoes of white, cream or blue kid that
form tho fashionable footgear. Tho Cholu
shoes have very high heels. They nro
buttoned high up, but arc always 'tied nt
the lop by a cord with a tassel that
hangs half way to tho ankle.
The girls have white straw hats with
tiny black bands around the crown nnd
bows on one side. The bands seem to be
pasted, on tho hat. and sometimes they
are merely streaks of black paint. As the
Chollto Btruta along tho street on her
high heels she rests her hat raVlshly on
one side of her head and walks with a
swing. Sometimes sha fUrts her skirts a
llttlo to show h,er green or blue colored
stockings; and often you notlco tha alio
has no stockings at all and that what
ydu thought was knitted hose of rose-col-ored
silk Is tho bare, rosy pink of tho leg.
Cholo Women Are I'rouil.
The Cholo women are very proud of
their ndmlxturo of white blood. They
think themselves above their Indian sis
ters, and look down upon the woman who
, wears a blankot und sandals. They are
I brighter than the IndianB. Many of them
are truders who buy and Bell In the mar
kets, and they do much of tho retail
buslnoss of the Bolivian capital, having
email stores and salmons. Not a few uro
the solo support of thelr families, Includ
ing, perhaps, those of their husbands,
who strut tho streets of tho nollvlan
capital,' having allowances ot pin money
from the trado curried on by their wives.
Hut let us go on with our walk through
tho markets, Wo paw scoros of Indian
women wearing striped blankets of red,
yellow, blue and green. There are nlso
natives in black mantos, with black crepe
shawls wound tightly around their ollvo
sklnned faces. They ljave stopped on
tholr way home from church. Thoy liavo
prayer books In their hands, and nlso
prayer matB. Many are accompanied by
tho men of the family, who wear high
black silk hats, black clothes and black
glove. There aro also foreigners, for
La Paz is a cosmopolitan city, and It hu
all tho nuoer classes of theso Holivian
The most Interesting of all are the
Indians. We can so thorn everywhere
buying and sailing. I-t ua take 11 look
at the wares. Here is a woman with a
little pile of potatoes and two or three
I 1. . . 1. k.. 1- nHi,niti.
Ml 111 lll'ltio ueium lie,. ivn- " ..-.,..
peddling onions, and a. little farther over
a girl has for sale green .roasting ears,
peas, celery and lettuce. On the opposite
side of the street Is a peddler who has
flour In bags that hold half a pint, and
farther on nro peddlers ot fruit. Every
thing is sold by the pile, and you measuro
the pile by your eyes. There are no
weights and measures to tell you now
much you aro getting. You pay by the
pile, nnd tho plies nro cxceoaingiy sman.
A half dozen llttlo potatoes, a handful ot
flour or a tablespoonful of salt makes up
a purchase, and tho usual trade Is equal
to 5 cents of our money. A whole mar
keting could bo crowded Into a halt pecK.
1 douht whether the average cooking
stove ot La Paz could prepare much more
at one time.
Vnrlel' in Grent.
The variety of the vegetables, fruits
nnd meats Is great, and the quality
Is especially fine. Tills high plateau is
the homo of some of the chief crops of
the world. It is known that the potato
came from the Andes, and It Is a question
as to whether this Is not tho birthplace ot
our Indian corn. Hollvla has maize, the
grains of which are twice as large as any
grown by our farmers. Some are of a
bright yellow color, every grain ns big
aa my thumb nail. Others are white, of
twice the size of a lima bean, and bo
floury that they could be mashed to a
powder between two stones. Somo of the
corn la ot a mulberry color, other kinds
are red or even Jet black.
As to the potatoes, they arc red, white
and yellow, and somo aro aa pink as the
toes of tho bablcB plnylng among thein.
Some of the potatoes are as big as your
fist, and otlier varieties not more than
tho size ot a thimble. They are all sold
by the pile and a half dozen or ten make
up the average purchase.
Nearly every potato seller has chuno
among her wares. They are potatoes so
treated that they look like bleached bones,
and are nlmost ns hard. When you break
thein apart you find them fibrous and
tough. They aro ordinary potatoes so
frozen and dried that they can bo kept
for years without spoiling. The usuil
method of making chuno Is to soak the
raw potatoes In water, night after night,
and then lay them out on the ground to
This institution Is the only one
in the central west with separate
buildings situated in their own
ample grounds, yet entirely dis
tinct, and rendering it possible to
classify cases. The one building
being fitted for and devoted to the
treatment ot non-contagious and
non-mental diseases, no others be
ing admitted; the other Rest Cot
tage being designed for and Ue
.oted to the exclusive treatment
of select mental cases requiring
for a time watchful care and spe-r-lnl
n ursine.
Markets of La Pazl:s
freeze. When the skins at- rubbed off
bv treading them with the bare feel. After
that they arc dried In tho open air. Po
tatoes no treated become as hard as
stones. They form one of the chler foods
of tho Indians, who store them away for
tho winter. They have to be soaked be
fore being eaten. They are served in tho
form of r stew. I have tasted them, but
thoy arc Insipid and not at nil appetizing.
Mnny (iriilun 11 ml I'mlts.
Going on with our walk through t lie
market wo seo many frulta and grains
that are atrange to our eyes. Hero Is n
woman who sells quluau, or the aneds
of a. plant nl.ln to our pig weed. Tho
seeds are as largo as grains ot mus
tard, and as white as snow. They are
nwect to the taste, and make an excel
lent gnicl. There arc also wheat, bar
ley and oats, sold In Inflnlti'Mma! quan
tities. There nro awoet and sour IcmonB
nnd white graiios us big ns ripe damson
'plums. There tun pallua or nlllgutor
pears ot twice the slzo or those that
come to our markets, and the pleao, a
fruit that looks like a niutnuth beau pod.
It has a green skin, and Inside It a pulp
I like the finest of white spun s'lk, which
I when cold ta&tea like a finely flavored Ice
jrrcam. There are also oranges, apricots
nnd bananas ns well an tunas, the fruit of
the cactus. All of come from tho
Yungas valley, which Is reached through
the break In the grout basin in which l.a
Paz lies. Going down throughithat bieak
you rapidly descend until lou reach a
tropical climate, whero tho 'vegetation !s
dense and where there arc bananas and
pineapples, royal palms and wild cotton
trees. There nro also coffee plantations
and gardens In which tho coca leaves arc
talsed torsive the Indiana their faoitte
hew. llollviH has every product under
the sun, and Its troplral valleys supply
the highlands with fruit.
Some of these Indians have come from
those legions. Hern Is one woman tetlllK
coffee Iwatis, f refit fium the unite; next
her in one with a pile ir artichokes, whl'e
further 011 a third Is peddling sections of
sugar nm half ns long as my arm. fhe.
sells thoiii f..r ." lent a stick.
It Is Intel enllng to watch th- Unfile
which uiovrs In and out throuah tho J
crowds. N'early every woman tins a load!
till 1l -1 I ... 1.1 u,..l I. .... ..... I .. I . . . ... I
.... ..t. wni n, mm iiit'iK nia 1 1111 in it inmi
jinirylng bushels. . Imcs 'aiul hitndlos
wtlnhlng nn much us themjelves. The
j most of the marketing Is bioiight In !
upon donkeys, and not a little on llamas.
Here conies a drove ot llamas up a side
Mroet. Their bonds are In the air, and
their eats stand up like those of 11 fox
terrier. They turn their heads, this way
and that, and ate evidently surprise,! al J ' , ' ni,"r'"1"-; "
the sltaiiBC things, about them, ltaoh! c,m of, "" Mr- Asquith.
llama Is loaded with a hag of freight, i10'10'' of lhr ,loUM ot Commons, is well
tied on to Its back with ropes that pass l,r,m mttilntor. The others, however,
over the back and under the belly. Thoso "Rl ' quletrr atmonphcro of th
lluimiH aie bilnging In fuel. TTy arc
cari.vlng, not wood, nor oil. but dried
llama manure. Kuch beast tins seventy-
five or elohtv iinnnil. nf IliU .liiff 1111 lt I
buck, and before nightfall the tratnload I
will liuv.' been distributed ttiroiljhout
the city from kitchen to kitchen.
All of the vegetables atnl meals In this
market will be cooked with llama, manure
There Is no olhei fuel inej In La Paz.
and that notwithstanding It Is a ctv of
XO.000 Inhabitant. Tho learon for this 1
the great cost ot coal. The freight rates
from the coast from where all the coal
conies, are J-7.W n ton, and this brings
tho price ot that fuel here to about 10
per ton, or gold. This makes It pto
hlbltlvo for ordinary use, nnd the result
Is there Is not a furnace or hot-water
heating plant In tho whole city.
Tho llama fuel Is used much like char
coal. It Is burned In small stoves. It
gives forth Itu llttlo smoko and no sparks.
It is a sufo fuel. Ln Paz seldom has fires
which do any great damage, and, Indeed.
I am told that only a few buildings liavo
been burnt down within tho last fifty
years. The houses never catch fire from
tho chimneys, for tho simple reason that
they have no chimneys. Moreover, thoy
of stone rather than wood, and It Is dlffl-
cult to stui t a fire In them.
Skipper's Wife Will
Help Sail Lipton's
Yacht During Race
"LONDON, July 4. ln all the enthus
iasm of preparation for the Rtvat yacht
raro for tho America cup next fall, It
has escapod general notlco that a woman
will figure largely In tho contest. On
board Sir Thomas Lipton's challenger,
Shamrock IV, will be Mrs. W. P. Uur
ton, the skipper's wife. Shs will not be
there simply In an ornamental capacl'.y,
but for flervlec at the wheel, holding tho
stop-watch for her hnsbund while the
yacht Is Jockeying for position Just le
foro the start of the race. This Is some
thing which Captain Burton says he
would entrust to no ono but his wife.
With her aid ho Is sure the Uhntnroclt
1 1 " 1 1 1
In line with our established policy
of always giving the greatest service
for the least cost, we have again re
duced electric light rates.
A Reduction of Nearly 10
is now in effect. This means that
many of the electrical conveniences
you have, never used before can be
used at no extra cost for current.
Better look into Ms now
How about an Iron or a Fan?
Omaha Electric Light and Power Co.
Ktarting line when
has sailed in hundred f ,
oniesis. prooai"!- Holding a
wolds rtco'd for a woman along IhitLf
Asquith Finishes
Sixth Year in Office
LONDON. July 4. Premier Asquith has
now hehl off li r for Just six years, thus
equaling In length the admlnltiatlon of
Dlstarll. who oci'itplcd the office front 1
Mi to itm. Sli ce the das of Lord l.her-'
pool, who was nrliiiu. minister fur f.ften
years, thrio have been only three Mate
men who have hold the office for n longer
period, without a break, than Mr As-
quith. Tvto of thqfCt'Lord Melbourne and
Lord Palmerston. both were prime minis
tcr for about two months longer than Mr
Asquith has been so far. The third case
Is that uf Uird Aillsbuty, who wan prime
minister for exactly seven years, from 133
House of I. mils. The present prime mill- j
; Inter, too. has taken an extta burden of 1
Itlio office of enetary ot war, and his
.InUlrnltf,, i,n. .t mil
of hard work na anv In modern' times.
Through It all Mr, Aaqulth. although
!lh. ..r.n mUHt he uroct. seems to thrive. 1
ilte lias certainly aged somewhat, but sol
have all tltoio who hnvc gono through '
, the lart few strenuous years with him,
Mrs. M. . 1 am certain a dally mas
"ago with an nlmnr.olu cream-Jelly wilt
soon dispel your wrinkles and clear -lie
akin of local Impurities, icivlng It
smooth and velvety and give 10 It tho
pink and white bloom of youth. To pre.
paro tho cream-Jelly at home. Just dl
aolvo I ounce nimoilmi (get from drug
gist), in pint cold water and add J
teaspoonfuis glycerine. To remove wrln
k'es. massage a little of the cream-Jelly
lengthwise of the creaaes. The starvod
tlMsues respond to tills treatment and
ii'isume their correct proportions, then
the akin will bo smooth and wrlnklolrns.
The almozoln cream-jeliy Is especially
Koori to ofo&tiRfl the ftklii of nlmnlns ami
11. X, 1. I have found a "plendtd
spring tonic and regulator which can bo
Made at little cost hy putting 1 ounce
kurdenn (from druggist). Into U pint
nlcohol and H cupful sugar, then pour
ing hot water In to mako u. quart. Take
of thl? 1 tabtespnonful 3 times each day.
Ktomaei. upsets, deranged liver, clogged
kldneyn nun blood-disorders yield nutnk-
ly to tno itnrncna trentmetu, ami ror
restoring health and energy it in not
Elsie: Tou can make that cleansing,
Invigorating shampoo mixture men
tioned In last Issue by dlssolvolng a tea
snnonful canthrox In a cup hot water.
This rubs up Into a white, thick lather
that soothes and cleanses tho scalp and
rinsing remove nil dust, dandruff nnd
excess oil. After ft canthrox shampoo
tho hair dries otilcaly and evenly and Is
over so soft, fluffy and easy to do up.
Your shampoos with canthrox will pro
mote halr-hralth and halr-bcauty and
encourage n thick, beautiful growtji.
Lois; Thla Is my recipe for a valu
able skin lotion: In U pint hot watur
or witch dissolve 4 ounces npurmax
which you can get at any drug store,
then add - teaspoonfuis glycerine. Ap
ply to lace, neck and anna and rub
lightly until dry. This clears the skin
of pimples, blackheads and dlscolora-
!').( 10
Me Is Mill the master of (lie llouie ot
Commons, having no equal, except per
hap Mr. IIhKoui, In debate, while a
1M1tH(.. mrtlrian mine onm wltliln tnllea
i,i, if,..., .i,,,i,t i, .f ..
j prove to be beyond Ills powers of grttln
I over difficult situations, lie wilt be able
1 to look back upon a long series of sir
Wonderful Treatment for
Corns, Callouses and
Tlii tgshiit IrrltlMon from fool torture HUM
ihmft i n( net vol" bretVdonnt. tleildtt thep
11 the pi 11 tlif tiMKint tire unit pctTlih dltpre
hiIim II .n't tUe s hour, here li treil
mem that will cure four feet
qulrklr No milter haw mn
piteni tncdlclnei you have trlcM
In Tiln. thli treatment veil
Vnbwti to beet foot doctor!, ll
gle prompt reeulti. "Dluolt
mo tihleepoonfuli of (lleclds
i' mpountl In battn of wirm
nlri Folk the feet In thll
tor lull queen mlnuln, gen'ir
nibbing the lore parte," The
1 rct ire mireetoui, All pln
cit Intinttr mil the feet reel
ilmptv detlihttul Coma and
rallouien cm be peeled rlfht oil,
hunlont, irhlni .feet, iweatr
ainell) fert. Ket Immedlite re
II-.' I Ihl- m w Ir unit -nit- frw.1 iMtihUa Mill
' 'hm or the -ut. riloelde work throuut
!,' ft"7n" k otmiu u'tm"
five .mh 'afkiao 11 id to be enouih to eui
V" or1 '"A iocld compound prepared only
( by Mx.irjl Formula tV. DiMon, Ohio.
Greatest Known Foot Remedy
Immediate. Belief for Corns. Callouses
minions, Aching- Feet, Sweaty reet.
The Home Beauty Parlor
Mens and restores the rosy tint ot
healthy maidenhood. This lotion Is In
visible when on and gives an oddedl
touch of loveliness to tho daintiest
complexion. It Is particularly fine for
banishing tho oily, sallow, muddy" ap
peal alloc.
Mrs, O. IC. 8.; To make your too-ff,
figure round and Just right dissolve t
ounces of parnotls (from drug store) In
I'i pints hot water. When cool, strata
nnd take a tablespoonful at meat time
This Is a rational, harmless treatment
and gently dissolves the fat without
leaving the skin wrinkled or the flesh
flabby. The parnotls treatment ae's
differently from others, Inasmuch as it
restores the graceful lines to the flgurn
and when the weight Is sufficiently re
duced tho treatment can be discon
tinued. ,T. o.: Trv tho crystos eye-tonic t
have frequently mentioned In these col
umns and I um certain you will ohtaln
prompt rcllof from, your sore, watery
eyes, to make, the tonlo at home, aim
piy dissolve 1 ounce, crystos in a pint or
clear wator. Two or three drops should
bo put In ench eye a few times each day
until permanent relief Is had. The crys
tos tonlo Is especially flno for tired,
aching muscles and for granulated lid.
Its use will give to dull eyes a delight
Jul sparkle and expression.
Mo: Kor a good halr-tonlc, I put t
ounce qulnzoln (your druggist keeps li).
Into H Pint alcohol, then add Vi pint
water atidi you will have n pint of the
very bent tonlo for hair and scalp at
llttlo coat. The qulnxoln tonlo almost
Instantly relieves tho burning, ltchlne
sensation and soon corrects unnatural
conditions so that you will not be
bothered with profuse dandrufff or ex
cess oil. Discolored, streaky, brittle
hair Is soon restored to Its natural,
even color nnd softness with the aid of
this tonic, and Its use is a positive ben
efit to the growth of the. hair.
Uotty Dean's Beauty Book $5, Advertisement.