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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 24, 1913)
HIE BEE: OMAHA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1913.
LANE FAVORS CONSERVATION
Present Policy, He Says, Has Effect
of Preventing Monopoly.
IT AISO STOPS DEVELOPMENT
Secretary uf Interior Adornte
nrnndrr "chcm; hnt "Will I?n
cnnrnRt Knterprlw nml
WASHINGTON. Dec. a-W'llh bold
strokes Kmnklln K. Imw. secretary of ,
the Interior, today outlined In his an
" nual rfort to the president n b-ond pol
icy In the conservntlon of the vast natu- !
rM resource of tho t'nltcd States which ,
yt lie within the regulatory powers of (
the government, and pointea to me im-1
portant results that may be achieved
tbrough the development of these re
sources under proper supervision.
fornpnratlvrty. the report Is brief. It
likewise Is wholly tinl(iue. In that It con
tains not a slnplci recommendation. Sup-1
(cestlons for action, which Secretary Lane
ntieives emphatically li what the coun- i
tiv dcslrrs and needs, are numerous;
but be prefers to propose Kcncrnl policies
to tho making of flat recommendations.
Tro notable and Interesting predictions
are indicated rather than made In the
Tep.irt. One Is that, tho time Is not fur ,
i-istsnt when coal of too low a grade "to'
stand ttorago or transportation will b .
converted Into electricity at the mouth
of the mines and widely distributed for
imhtlnc. heat and power;" the other, j
that the gigantic force now wasting It
nlf In the rivers of tho country will be
no controlled by dams as to provide heat, '
llisht and power to the people and that
within a generation I bellvo the people
will be ns alive to the value of public
ownership of nydro-Mrctrlc power plants I
i they are today to munlclpally-owned !
(Inentloti of Oenrrnl roller. ,
In tho opening lines of the report Fec
tetary Lane take up a serious situation '
which obtains In a great section of the
"There exists a frc'.InK In the west.'
says he. "that Its affairs and needs
have not been given that consideration !
nt the hands of the national government
which It merits. This feeling Is not
urflncd to speculators or exploiters. It
Is tho sentiment of many who are with
out selfish motive nnd regard tho mat
ter wholly from the standpoint of na
'There Is one very simple explanation
for the existence of this feeling. We
have adventuicd upon a now policy of
administering our affairs nml have not
developed adequate- machinery. Wo have
called a holt on methods of spoliation
which existed, to the great benefit of
many, but wo have failed to substitute
methods, sane, healthful "ttfid progressive,
by which tlc normal enterprise of an
ambitious people can mako full use of
their own resources. We abruptly closed
opportunities to the monopolist, but did
not open them to the developer.''
Criticism I.nnil Policy.
The land policy put Into force, he says,
"caused dismay and discontent." Tho
congress had boon most generous In Its
disposition of tho publla lands. They
wcro given to the railroads and to tho
slates. To classify them was too diffi
cult a task. "They would classify them
selves when they arrived In Individual
ownership, And so (ho door was opened
for monopoly and for fraud."
"If tho government did not appreciate
tho Invaluable naturo nt Its assets there
were men who did. Tho nation wanted
home makers, hut found Its lands drift
ing Into tho hands of corporations, which
wero withdrawing them from the market.
A reaction wan Inevitable. If lands
were to bo withdrawn from public serv
ice, why might not the government do
the withdrawing ItselfT"
A new policy was evolved, the secre
tary points out, that of using the land
or the purpose to which It Is best
fitted. "To this policy," he says, "I bo
lleve the west Is now reconciled. Tho
west no longer urges a return to the
hatarda of the 'land Js land' policy. Hut
it doe ask action. Already the con
gress has recognized the npposltcncss of
.this policy, but It Is for yourself and
(congress further to extend this' thought
Into our legislation.
Iutnre of Alaska,
"The largest body of unused and neg
lected land In tho United mates Is
Alaska." In the forty-alx years Inter
vening since Its purchase, "we have
given it little more than the most casual
concern, yet Its mines, fisheries and furs
alone have added to our wealth tho grand
sum of $500,000,000." For almost a gener
ation It waa the rich harvest field of a
slnglo company. Individual fortunes have
been made In that country larger than
the price paid. to "Russia for the whvlo
territory. It has been estimated that
there are 50,000,000 acres of this land that
will make homes for a people as sturdy
us those of New England. Whether this.
Is so or not. It would appear that
Alaska can be made self-sustaining agri
culturally. "This vast and unsurpassed asset lies
almost undeveloped. A territory ono-tlfth
the stio of tho United States, contains
less than l.COO miles of anything that
can be called a wagon road."
This, "unfortunate condition," In See
letary Lane's Judgment, Is not duo to
the Inhospltallty of tho Alaaka climate."
Ixrcausc "wroo of southeastern Alaska
has a climate more temperato and more
equablo than that of the city of Wash
lrgton. while much of the greater por
tion of the north has a kindlier climate
than Stockholm or St. IVstersburg. Thero
Is more railroad building wtt miles nortn
it the Canadian border than there Is for
he uuiib distance south of It.
"Why has not this land been developed
The frank answer Is that we did not
realize until within a few years that It
waa worth developing. Aa toon as we
discovered Us value aa & notional as
pet we- became alarmed and drew back,
affrighted at the thought that we mtgh'.
lose It, or at least that it would become
the property of those who would ex
ploit I' without respect to the public In
terest 'We have withdrawn Alaska from tho
too aggressive and self-serving ex
Made stronc and
II tn a few days
IKout a surgical
irat!on or losa of
vine. Our work U
guaranteed. Call or
write for particulars.
th. Wray fc Main
ar. Its Be U14S-.
YOUR JJ2USS AWAY
75c Men's Velvet Four-In-Hand Ties,
$1.00 Silk Handker
chiefs, at .
50c Men's Silk
$2.00 Men's Dress Coat
Style Shirts ...
$5.00 Men's John B.
$2.50 Men's Hats, all
plotter. What have we to substitute as
safer servant of publlo Interest? To
this question I have Riven much thought,
and. my "conclusion is that if wo are to
bring. Alaska Into tho early and full
realisation of Its possibilities we must
create a; new piece of governmental ma-
chlncryfor the purpose. "rte should un
dertake tho work In the spirit and after
the method of a great corporation wish
ing to; develop a largo territory. In my
Judgment the wuy to deal with the prob
lem of Alaskan resources Is to establish
a board, of directors to have this wont
In charge. Into the hands of this board
or coinnllsslon I would give all the na
tional assets In that territory, to oe useu
primarily, for Its Improvement-Its lands,
flatteries, Indians, r;sKimo, sci. ut
ests. mines, waterways, railroads all that
the nation owns, cares for, controls or
regulates' Congress should determine In
broad cAjtllno the polities which this
board In! a. liberal' discretion should elab:
orate and administer, much aa Is done
as to the Philippines, This board would,
of course, have nothing whatsoever to
do with the Infernal affairs, of the or-.
ganlted territory of Alaska, for It would
exercise no powers save such as congress
granted over the-property of the United
States In Alaska".''
I'nrposr of ttar Plan.
In concluding hla reasons for the crea
tion of such conservation machinery for
Alaska, Secretary ' Lane says:
"In short. I would construct the ad
ministrative machinery-that would most
surely lead' to a prompt 'and -continuous
development of-Alaska, as a part of the
United States upon a plane commensurate
with Its possibilities, Industrially, agr
iculturally and 'socially.
I 'Alaska should not, In my Judgment,
I be regarded aa a mem-storehouse of re-
sources upon which the people of- the
'states may draw. It has the potential!
! ties of a state. And whatever policy may
be adopted should took toward an Alaska
of homes, of Industries, and of an ex
tended commerce, '
Strongly as I would urge this method,
of management for It offers' a rare op-
portunlty to exhibit the efficiency of, a
republic I would not have Alaska wait
for needed legislation until the merits of
sucb a plan could be passed upon by
congress. TJiose things which uppeal to
me aa of immediate necessity upon whloh
Independent action may lie taken are
O) the construction of railroads In the
, territory and d) the opening of its coal
Secretary Lane expresses the opinion
that privately owned railroads would not
be constructed la Alaska for many years,
i except aa adjuncts to private enterprises.
A SALE OF ODDS AND ENDS AFTER A MOST SUCCESSFUL AND PROSPEROUS YEAR OF BUSINESS. A
SALE FOR WEDNESDAY, DEO. 23, BEGINNING AT 8:30 A. M. WONDERFUL BARGAINS IN MEN'S, WOMEN'S
AND CmLDREN'S WEAR; USEFUL AND ORNAMENTAL GIFTS CAN BE PURCHASED HERE AT RIDICULOUSLY
LOW PRICES. COME TO S. E. CORNER 12TH AND FARNAM ST.; IT IS ONLY A SHORT DISTANCE FROM THE HIGH
PRICE DISTRICT, WHERE, ON ACCOUNT OF THE ENORMOUS RENT AND OTHER EXPENSES YOU ARE OBLIGED TO PAY
DEAR FOR WHAT YOU BUY.
Inlaid Silver Toilet seta,
and Cuff Boxes,
$15.00 Men's Plush Lined, Fur Collar, my
black Dress Overcoats, only Sf
Overcoats, sizes 3 to 16, j rtr
. . il.SO
W.w ana 5&.U0 Men's Heavy Wool A ir
Sweator Coats in all shades, $3.98 and 3&B4D
Cowhide, all leather Suit cases, i
all around, full lined
$1 Gold Filled Cuff buttons,
guaranteed five years
$5.00 Gents' and
lie regards it wise, therefore, for the gov.
ernmcnt to undertake their . building.
Government to IlalldHoads. ,
"The rates and service of auch railroads
hould be fixed, wlth retere'nee tto Alas
kan development not with regard to Im
mediate returns. Tho .charges fixed
should be lowr for yearsto'come 'than"
would Justify private Investment." 'Alas
kan railroads are tn be built, he says,
to ''create a commonwealth. If this Is
our task, It should be done whole-heartedly
and with a consciousness that the
dollar spent today on an Alaskan rail
road will yield no more Immediate return
on tho Investment than the dolfar spent
on the Panama canal.
Such railroads aa may be constructed
by Individuals as feeders or tap lines of
the government roads should be 'Hinder
governmental supervision, capitallted'
and operated under tho strictest regula
tion and be at any time subject to pur
chase by the government."
Discussing the coal resources of Alaska,
Secretary Lane declares the fields
"should be opened not ' to speculators,
but to operators. Those should have
these lands who will use them. None
should be opened as a basis for a gam
ble tn future values," In his judgment
they may be turned over safely to the
publlo "under a' leasing and royalty sys
tem similar to that under which the
state of Minnesota leases Its ore lands
and. the stated of Montana and Colorado
their coal lands." lie adds that the money
received' 'might be uaed In the develop
ment of the country and that a lafge(
Doay or coai iana in eacn neia or re
served for the navy in time of need,
Coal and Its Substitute.
. Vigorous suggrstlona looking to the
conservative development of the coal
lands' of the west are made by Secre
"It Is certainly not for the public In
terest," the report soya, "that our coat
deposits shall be opened rapidly and
ruthlessly, I can not feel, however, that
wo shduhl' sacrifice nriy present need for
fuel or wllllntly-surrtrfdor ourselves to
a demand' for exorbitant prices because
of fear that ' some day the coat supply
, may be exhausted. Already there has
'been developed a substitute for coal In
the flowing stream. The turbine con-
verts-melted snow Into heat and light.
wnicn can oe aistnoutea over a con
stantly widening area. I think we have
now- arrived at that point In scientific.
achievement which JuitiflcM the belief
that the wheels of Industry will not
tease, nor our houses go unllghted or
un heated, so long aa dams may be built
upon our ill earns. Water will be, InJeed
J already Is, .the greatest conzervator uftJUsatUroctloa wlththt operation -of lhej
$6.50 Sterling Silver Manicuring
Sets, at :
$2.50 Nickel Plated Shaving Outfits,
$1.00 Toilet Sets,
50c Men's Silk Four-in-Hand Ties,
$40.00 Men's Broadcloth,
fur lined overcoats
$1.00 Boys' Sweaters and
Coats, at . . ,
$2.00 Men's Dressed and Undressed (Y7n
silk, fleeced or unlined gloves, only JJf y
$1.50 Leather, silk
ladies' hand bags,
Ladies' Gold Filled Set Signet,
Ten years, choice
$5.00 Gents' and Ladies' Gold Filled
Silk Umbrellas, straight or ai yr
collapsible for suit case, pr.. . j,, Q
For the greatest bargains ever offered to thd Omaha pub
lie in wearing apparel do not fail to read Friday 'Evening pap
era for the greatest sale and biggest bargains ever held by any
coal. Wo must seek "to make, use of 'our
coal, the fullest use that soc!efy.srftjjul'ixs..
This principle seems a truism.' But herei
lies the difficulty. We wish ch'iarvcoai
and' at the same tlrp,o, , mlnjnuro , of
waste. We wish society, to! tiijceP the"
llon'fi atinrA rf . mfli m ,1
llon'a share of the profit and 'yleldi-noj
-norp to the operator than wlir makeiMa.-pnht galnaipal'homemakerHSuch home
work sufficiently attractive to keep him keaders'ndd nofhlng.to the wealfh'ofitHe
at It. In short, we desire competition
without waste, a' fronk impossibility.
Other countries have wrestled with
,11118 problem. Some have gone Into gov
ernment 'operation. But those 'who are
nearest to us In Institutions nnd ten
dencies have found that in a new coun
try where there must be large develop
ment and higher rewards for enterprise,
llui safest practicable method Is to lease
the land, the government taking a modest
royalty and retaining some measure of
control over operation."
' fiovernraent Should Own.
Similar suggestions are offered as to
the development of petroleum, phosphate
and potash. Secretary line's Ida Is
that such deposits ought to bn developed
under the leasing system, as In, the case
of coal, the government reserving neces
sary supplies. As to oil, he says:
"We should, I believe, stimulate the
search for oil and protect the prospector.
I feel that we are not sufficiently re
warding the pioneer. A plan could read
ily be evolved by whloh anyone wlshlnts
.to prospects for oil on the public lands
could obtain a license from the govern
ment exclusively to prospect a .large
tract of laid for a. period of time per
haps two years-and In the event that
qll la ound.ln commercial quantities 'the
government should be paid a royalty
fixed In advance.
"The,. United States will need oil for
its navy as well as coal, and probably
In .Increasing quantities as the modern
oil-burning or gaa-btynlng epglnea are
recognised. It would bf, economical to
substitute oil for coal for many reasons;
to reduce labor cost, to avoid the,,bi)lld
Ing and maintenance of colliers arid 'the
purchase and support of coaling stations.
Kngland'a adventure In this direction will
presumably force other nations Into like
enterprise, and yet England has no oil
fields on which to draw, while we have
already the largest producing fuel oil
fields In the world, and others are an-
pearinr. XTnder these conditions It would
seem of tho highest expediency that the
government maJfo . ayjh oners as will
Induce' the prpvlna; bftouy lands, and" dp
these proved land's . ftln sufficient to
j make our ships Independent of -the World;
i and aa fully competent as their rivals.'
I Secretary-La he expresses frankly hla
and leather lined Ffln
sale price .'. -DUG
Gold filled, engraved,, plain, oval
band bracelets, guar. 10 yrs, up
Engraved or Plain Ring,
$1.00 Alarm Clocks or Watches,
Gun Metal, Nickel or Gold
Plate, sale price
homestead law as to the timber lands.
Jle says Jhe '"homesteader."- after getting
patent to thelan'd, prompUy sells It for
JllOiCOO or,",0 tp.sgme lumbercompanj'.
.without;, making an effort ,to -comply,' with
jtheBP"rit' of the law.! ThusV.the 'govern-
ment '"loses the Umber and the .land1 docs';
nation, The law should , punish them.
jp lact, as rrauas. There is a remedy
for this condition ot things,, and It lies
n tho selling of the land and-the timber
Much attention la devoted In the re
port to consideration of the reclamation
of arid lands. Discussion "of "the subject
Is replete with interest tn the farmers
who locate on tho various projects. Sec
retary Lane suggests: that they be given
a longer time than ten years In which to
pay for their lands, because "they are
genuine pioneers In a new field of work,
on the success of which depends greatly
the rescuing of a vast territory," Of
these reclamation projects. Secretary
"'The west can use profitably and wisely
Jl,C0O,a In-the next ten years to the
advantage of .he whole country. If the
government will place upon a - leasing
basis these western resources with which
We have been dealing, It can have an In
creased fund for, the continuance of this
work and an Increased assurance of the
return of Its advances."
In conclusion. Secretary ' Lane directs
attention to the enormous details, all
Important, which the' Interior department
administers. Including care" of the In
dians and Eskimos, administration of na
tlojutl parks, payment of pensions, super
vision "of public lands, territories and
many other important woiks.
Sick headache is nearly always caused
by t disorder of the stomach. Correct
themand, the periodic attacks of stck
headache will - disappear. Mrs. John
Bishop of "Roseville, Ohio, writes; "About
a y?ar ago I waa troubled with Indiges
tion and had atck headache that tasted
for two or three days at a time. I doc
tored and tried a number of remedies,
but nothing helped rae until, during one
of those stck spells, a friend advised me
i to take Chamberlain's Tablets. This tried-
! lie relieved me In a short time." or
,nle by all dealers. Advertisement.
j. Queen' of Montcnearro III.
ZtIUOH. .Switzerland, Dec. 3. -Queen
Mttena of-Montenegro, mother of Queen
Helena of Italy, la understood to be dan
gerously 111 tn the capital ot the little
Balkan "dnom.' Ir. A.'aanluin of thia
$1.50 Military Brushes,
$3.00 Smokers' Humidor,
50c Men's Suspenders,
$1.00 Men's Dress Fur
$2.00 Men's Corduroy and
$10 Blue Serge, Fancy
$9.00 Men's Navy and gray Chin
chilla over- J 1 0
coats, at &4s4u
$3.00 Boys' Suits, sizes 3 to 16,
$2.00 Men's Wool Sweater Coats.
at :V. '
25c Men's Cashmere and Lisle
$2.00 Beautiful Mesh Bags,
,cjty received an urgent summons today
tin. - 1 J - t ...
i-itoki io ueiunje to attend her
majesty. The queen has been Indisposed
for several , weeks, but yesterday the
.symptoms became suddenly very serious.
' A Ton of Oold
cquld 1 buy' nothlnr better fnr mot.
,weaknesses. ' lame back and kidney
iroumo man Eiectrio Bitters. Only 50c
For sale by your drusrirlit At-APi..
Waists mak accematde Christmas
gifts. Wo are showing scores of clever
styles at ., 3.60 and 3.00. Julius
Orkln. 1510 Douglas street.
Key to the Situation flee Advrtislngr
At $1.50 PER PLATE
At la to a i30 p. tn.
At a to 8(30 p. m.
Tables may be reserved In advance
Ob Christmas day ladles will be
admitted to the new grill room as
well as the mala oaf.
There will be two orchestras, one
in eaeh room from 6 to 0.
DR. C. It. TARRY - 240
When they first come, the best time to
break them nn. Dncilinulixl muAi :
Aifzr"s Cherry Pectoral.
auia Tor u ysrs.
Ask Your Doctor. LftfM
Try aall-Tono. Good
fnr All RfnnfMn'i.
---- sv aau
JifEi-Jiii Jl.Jearborn St.. OhSago
THE OMAHA BEE
THE HOME PAPER.
Mat. every day. 3H0j every night. OilS,
Thli WM: blanch Waliu Co., Frank Mil
ton and De Lone Slatera, Tno Laoiilona. Buck-
l.v'a Animal. Kmllr Darrell and fharlv r.n.
j lrajr. Warren k Coaler, jutfllni Miller toi
Bpeciai reaiur i iciurt. "uroncuo uuiy a unnsi
Pt'cvi Mu Callerr. 10c: teat Mats (atatm
at an4 Bun.) Mo NlittU; 10a lie VA b4 TU.
"OKAJCA'B 70R CENTER,"
&r7"JlyiA DaUy Mat lB-as-Me
fMf'W- Evnga.. ld-a5-tX)-78e
HARBT X.. COOPER, JUNE XXX,X.S ft
Hsymour, uempsay a seymour; Abe
Z.eavttt'a prstentlons playlet. "The Orsat
Wh't Way." Xmas Day Matinee at 3;oa
TIRED-SHOPPERS' MATINEE DAILY.
Three Days, Beginning. Mat.. Zmal,
"THE RIGHT PRINCESS,';
Coming Sunday "ADELE."
No Money Till Cured
r,,AuJ" iaA "etl Dlseaaea cured with
out the kadfe. Permanent cures guaraaUed.
Write fer frmm Illustrated book on Rectal
Dlseaaea and testimonials of hundreds el
cured patients In Nebraska and Iowa.
Be Bids. OitihI Nb.
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