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The Omaha Daily Bee
iiivo One's Monologue:
I should worry because my
sleepy competitor docs not au
VOL. XLIII NO 41.
OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING-, AUGUST 5, 1013 TEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
IN EXPRESS CHARGES
Cut Costing Companies Sixteen Per
Cent of Profits is Mandate of
Interstate Rate Body,
IN EFFECT IN NEXT OCTOBER
Will Mean Loss of Twenty-Eight
Millions to Firms.
OTHE R REFORMS PRESCRIBED
Changes in. Graduated Scale of Par
FINDINGS OF LANE AFFIRMED
United Stntea Divided lit Nine Hun
dred and Fifty Blocks Aver
asinB -'.BOO Square
WASHINGTON, ,Aug. 4. Reductions in
express rates which will cost the com
panies fully $8,006.(100 a year, approxi
mately 16 per cent of their gross revenue,
were ordered by the interstate Coniraereo
commission to become effective on of
before October ii, 1913. Notable reforms
lu practices also were ordered. Tho most
important change prescribed by tho order
is by way of modification of thu present
graduated scale of parcel rates.
One hundred pound rates for short -distances,
either have been left unchanged
or slightly reduced; for longer distances
they have been lowered; for fifty pounds
or less, .all rates have been practically
reduced. - For packages of more than
four pounds going more than !00 miles
and less than 2,000 the new oxpress rates
are generally lower than tho parcel post
rat?s; for more than 3,000 miles the rates
are practically the same.
Comntlaston Affirms Findings.
The report and order of the commis
sion prepared by Commissioner John R.
Marble are the affirmation of the find
ing of Commissioner Lane, now secre
tary of the interior. It prescribed a so
called block system, dividing the United
States Into &M blocks, averaging 2,500
square miles as originally proposed by
Sir. Lane. The 000,003 different rates
now published by the express companies
wilt be reduced 'to lesB than 600,000 and
the Interstate Commerce commission be
lieves tho system points the way to a
solution of the existing mare of freight
Test Case to-Be Made.
The general impression in official quar
ters Is that the express companies will
attemp.t to test by legal means the con
stitutionality of the commltslon's order.
The reoulrtmcnt of .'the order 'of June 8,
HQ. that label shall be(attached to enoh
parcel, is modified- the extent that Jn
ease, of shipments, of perishable property,
consisting of two or more packages, tho
label need bo attached to only one pack
age. The express companies had filed state
ments Indicating the loss of revenue
under the proposed rates would bo In
tolerable and argued strenuously that the
establishment of the parcel post had de
prited them of quite 30 per cent of the
revenue they formally received from par
cels of eleven pounds or less. They con
tended that the express business could
not survive tho losses from business
The basis of the classification pre
scribed by. the' commission Is that all
articles of merchandise of ordinary value
trq to be carried at first class or ordi
nary merchandise rates. Articles of food
and drink, with a few 'exceptions are
second class and are to be carried at 75
per cent of the first class rates.
The rates for newspapers and period
icals, as well as for bread and such
articles for which specially low rates now
are charged, are substantially the same
as the present rates.
A permanent committee has been ap
pointed to revise the routes of express
carriers to eliminate the circuitous
routes which ate now a cause of con
llderable complaint on the part of ship
per's. The order Is for two years only. That
period will give abundant opportunity for
a test of these rates under various condi
tions amounting to a normal average. In
no other way can the absolutely property
rate basis for repsondents be finally de
termined. Respondents are also at lib
rrty at any time to bring forward new
(acts as a basis for a petition for modi
Ucatlon of this or any other order.
Lid at Washington
is Without a Hole
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4-The national
capital awakened today to find that dur
ing the thirty-one hours from midnight
Saturday to 7 o'clock today it haa been
a "Jagless" town. Not one arrest for
drunkenness had been made by the police
In that time and the police court docket
was nJonesoms sight.
The new and rigid excise law passed
by congress was responsible for the wave
of Sabbath purity.
Hit by Cloudburst
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 4.-For a dls.
tance of 1,000 feet the Southern Pacific
tracks at Thtsbe. Nev., nineteen miles
east of Sparks, are buried beneath boul
ders, some of them weighing as much as
ten tons, washed over the right-of-way
'ast night by a violent cloudburst.
Travel on the Salt Lake division, the
sompany announced her today, will be
ielayed twelve hours or more.
Bryan Cancels His
KANSAS CITV, Mo.. Aug. 4.-Wllllam
Jennings Bryan, secretary of state, who
was to have spoken at the chautauqua to
morrow night in this olty, notified the
management today that affairs In his of.
flee would not permit Mm to fill the en
gagement. Other eaniragements In Kan
as have been cancelled.
Olapp Wants to Know
of Whites and Blacks
4. Opposed to
e Postofflce de-
Insist that Post-
rleson explain the
a department order
h a separation of the
o employes wo In contem-
senator contends that the
worked togther for a half
nd he does not believe any
greater need exists for their separation
now than at any time In the past. The
proposed plan. Senator Clapp says he lias
been given to understand, would Increase
the expenses of the department by ap
proximately $150,000 a year.
Whllo there have been no very strenu
ous complaints from employes of postof
flees, officials admit that vigorous pro
tests against working with negroes have
been filed by employes In tho railway
mall division. On long runs the com
plainants have, represented, white railway
mall clerks frequently are compelled to
eat and sleep' with negro clerks. They
have made a concerted effort to have the
With tho Incoming of the democratic ad
ministration the postal employes' organi
zation lodged petitions bearing several
thousand signatures, asking Postmaster
Burleson for relief.
in Exports During
Tear Just Closed
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4,-Inorease in the
Industrial and commercial activity of the
United States during the past fiscal year,
as compared with 1912, Is disclosed by
figures made public today by the bureau
of foreign and domestic commerce. These
show there was a gain of almost 12 per
cent in the valuo of exports of manu
factures, manufactured materials and
agricultural products. The Increase
amounted to 262,000,000 and the total ex
ports this year were $2,446,000,000. The Im
ports increased almost 10 per cent, the
gain being 1160,000,000, the grand total dur
ing the year aggregating 11,813,000,000.
Exports of iron and steel manufactures
this year amounted to $305,000,000 against
1263,000,000 last year. The total exports of
manufactures, other than foodstuffs, were
valued at 11,187,000,000, against $1,020,000,000
In 1912. The copper -produced In the first
six months this year "was '$09,000,000
pounds, against 736,000,003 pounds In the
same period last year and tho exports of
copper and manufactures thereof, ex
clusive of ore, approximately $140,000,000
this year, against $111000,000 last year.
Third Victim of '
Mrs, Brogan, Crazy
Mother, is Dead
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. J. ,Mary
Brogari, 9 years old, the third Victim Ot
a crazed mother's knife, died today.
Saturday Mrs. John J. Brogan cut the
throats of threo of her six children Ana
then killed herself. One of tho children,
Thomas, 3 years old, died almost Im
mediately and tho other two, Victor and
Mary, were removed to tap hospital. Vic--tor
died yesterday. Mrs. Brogan at
tempted to kill her 13-year-old son,
Jcseph, but ho escaped and locked, him
self In a room. Mrs. Brogan became" in
sune as the 'result of worry over the con
dition of her other son, John, Jr., who la
ill of typhoid fever.
to Michigan Senator
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4. Senator Town
send of Michigan today flatly dented
Mulhajl's testimony that he had talked
with htm and characterized Mulhall as a
Emmory and Mulhall, when Townsend
was a member of tho house, came to
gether to his office and Mulhall made an
argument about labor legislation..
"When he paused I asked him If he
was through and when he said 'yes,' I
said, 'well, this Is my busy day, you'll
have to excuse me.' Therefore, it Is an
unqualified falsehood when he says he
talked with me confidentially," said
Senator Townsend to the senate lobby
The senator went through the record
and picking out the letters In which his
name appeared, denied In detail Mul
hall's testimony that he had conferred
"This man was personally offensive to
me," said the senator in conclusion,
"therefore I could not fall to remember
If he hfid talked to me confidentially."
South Dakota Grain
Turning Out Well
MITCHELL, S. D., Aug. 4. Special.)
Practically all of the small grain In this
section is cut. and the threshers are In
the fields. The yield la keenlnir un in
tho average of what was anticipated be
fore the harvest began.
Oats are. averaging from thlrtv.flv, tn
forty-five bushels per acre and of a
Corn la holding It own. r1rnlln tVi)
there has been little rain In the past ten
days. With the cool nights which have
followed the hot days, corn has had a
chance to recuperate and is still looking
to be in good condition.
Are Out on Strike,
VANCOUVER, B. C. Aug. 4.-Four
thousand salmon fishermen
strike on the Fraser river. Saturday the
canneries annopneed that the price of
fish would be materially reduced.
Whites. Japanese and Indians
joined In the strike and have called out
the Indian women who worn In the can
neries. Greek fishermen are tho only
ones not yet on strike. Japanett strike
pickets early today attached Greek fish
ermen and threw their catch overboard.
One cannery has 14,000 fish left on Its
Drawn for The Bee 'by Hal Cotfman.
SHOTS FIRED .AT MALONEY
Chief of Detectives Has-KaMrow Es
cape from Unknown Assailant.
POSSIBLE CLEW IN A LETTER'
i. ii ii
Black Hand Missive Written la Dls
Kdtaed Hand and In Misspelled
Words Thought to Be an
ka unidentified assailant tried to kill
-nlef of Detectives Steve Moloney after
he arrived Monday morning at his office.
Two shot from a .38 caliber revolver
were fired directly at hlra from tho
back of a string of box cars about
seventy-five feet rrom the window of his
office at the police .station.
Maloney heard the shots but paid no
attention to them until a little later
he went out into the yard of tho station
and saw two holes from the bullets im
bedded in the window sill near his desk.
They were about an. Inch apart and there
Is every Indication that they were fired
by one acquainted with the use of pistols.
Immediately after the shots were
heard two policemen rushed out of the
building in the direction from which the
iound emanated, but there was no one
In sight. It was not, however, until the
markings of the bullets were discovered,
that It was realized they were meant for
the chief. ,
Maoney has not the remotest Idea who
"has It In for him," unless It could be the
writer of a note which he discovered Fri
day afternoon lying on his aesk. It had
likely been placed there while he was
away at lunch. The message, on a dirty
. piece of wrapping paper, had been wrlt
jten by a person evidently attempting to
uiBguise us source wun cruae penman
ship and misspelled words.. It follows:
"1 Aug 1913 Yore time has came I have
follered you long time but nevcro get a
chance to get you wher I want you.
"Look out for me I mene bulsness.
In tho lower right-hand corner of the
sheet a crude dagger with dripping point
had been penciled. Chief Maloney seems
to regard the whole matter as a joke
and was little disturbed over it.
"The chances are that some Third ward
coke fiend got an overdose of the drug
arid is trying to take it out on me. Any
way, he missed me and I'm here, so 1
should worry," he laughingly said.
Sophias Neble, Jr., assistant county at
torney, who entered the building Imme
diately before the shooting, rushed to
the door and caught a glimpse of a
short, heavy-set Individual, clad In a
blue wilt, running up the alley on the
side of the station, between Eleventh
and Twelfth streets. Nebel says he had.
tomethlng clutched In his right hand,
but whether It was a revolver he coula
for Emanuel Brito
MEXICO CITT, Aug. 4.-ExtradltIon
papers in connection with the arrest of
Emanuel Castillo Brito. former provj
fional governor of the Mexican state of
Campeche, are being prepared by tho
Mexican government for the immediate
dispatch to the United States, according
to officials here today.
The documents will deal with the charge
against Jlrlto of robbing the state treas
ury and the local banks before taking to
the hills in the rebellion. Evidence bear
ing on the murder charge against Brito
la on the way here from Campeche.
the Democrats ip
the Mulhall Case
WASHINGTON, Aug. .-Charges that
the democrats of the senate lobby com
mittee havo prejudiced the case made out
by Martin M.- Mulhall against the Na
tional Association of Manufacturers with
out hearing the other side were made to
day by fdrmer Representative James E.
Watson of Indiana, who1 referred In a let
ter to tho committee, to published state
ments by Chairman Overman and Sena
tors Reed and Walsh. He declined to
appear before the committee, saying that
il would be useless.
"I much prejer," said Watson, "to take
my case to another court."
Robert 'M.cCarter, attorney for tho Na
tional Association of Manufacturers, faced
the committee with an objection to the
Chairman Ovormart and Senator Reed
declared there was nothing In the Inter
view which could be taken as Indicating
that they had prejudged the case.
Cold Stare to Put
Masher to Route
CHICAGO, Aug. 4. Hatpins, clubs or
whistles, like the Boston women use, are
not necessary to squelch mashers a look
. will do It This Is the opinion expressed
I today by policewomen at two Chicago
I beaches. One substantial, w,lde-eyed look,
! with a touch of scorn In It, will send the
boldest flirt about his business, they say,
"All you have to do when a man speaks
to you Insultingly Is to look at him and
he turns and runs," said Officer Mary
Boyd. "I sometimes carry a little billy,
but its for dogs; men are scared to death
"Look a man over from hat to shoes
and from shoes to hat and ho will van
ish," is the advico of Policewoman
Emma Neukom. "Ive been all over the
world and I never needed any weapons
but my eyes. There are other nations,
too. I sometimes start talking In French
or Greek to mashers and they always run
away. But a look Is the best"
Cut Down Free List
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4.-Senator Cum
mins today Introduced his substitute for
the metal schedule of the tariff bill, In
dorsed by the progressive republicans. It
would take from the free list cash regis
ters, sewing machines, typewriters, lino
types, castlron pipe, horseshoe nails,
wroughtlron or Hteel nallB, steel raits,
steel Ingots, blooms, slabs, billets, barbed
wire, plglron and antimony ore. Adva
lorem duties would be replaced by sped
flc rates on many other articles.
The National Capital
Monday Ancmst 4, 1013.
Met at noon.
Senator Myers (democrat, Mont.) speak
Ing on tariff, said he did not fear effects
of new bill.
Cummins bill to punish Impersonation
of public men favorably reported.
Senator Townsend before lobby com
mittee denied 1m ever talked with Martin
Not In session; meet Tuesday noon.
TO ENJOIN JAS ELECTION
George P. .Semis Asks, Injunction, ad
Temporary Order IssueST
SAYS LAW IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL
Dahlmnn to On Restrained' from Is
ulna- n Call for Election and
Ure from Keeping: Money oC
the Gna Company,
Injunction proceedings to provent Elec
tion Commissioner Harley G. Moorhead
from holding the gas election scheduled
for August 19 was started Monday In dis
trict court by George p. Bemls, who says
he Is acting within his rights as a voter
and taxpayer. A temporary restraining
order was signed by Judge English, but
Judge Troup will preside at the bearing,
which was set for August 6.
Attorneys for Mr. Bemls base their suit
on .the ground that the act of the legisla
ture authorizing the city council to accept
an annual royalty In lieu of occupation,
and llcenso taxns Is unconstitutional.
"I am not enjoined from continuing
preparations for the election," said' Elec
tion Commissioner Moorhead, "and 'I am
going ahead just the same. If tho courts
decide the election shall not be held I will
obey tho order."
Mayor Dahlman also Is restrained -from
Issuing a call for the election and Treas
urer Ure f i oin holding the $10,000 which
tho gas company put up to pay the ex
penses ot tho election.
Sweeping charges of unconstitutionality
are, made In the petition and the city or
dinance Is asserted to be "special legisla
tion." Tho ordinance Is alleged to be' un
intelligible and not capable of interpreta
tion. The provision that the gas company
shall pay the expenses of the election Is
alleged to violate the state law providing
that a corporation cannot pay money tor
Taxes Mlttlit Ue Uniform.
The act of the legislature providing
that the city may accept a royalty In
place of occupation tax Is alleged to
violate tho provisions of the constitution,
which say the legislature has no power
to release a corporation from paying Its
share of taxes and that taxes must be
uniform with respect to tho same kinds
It Is alleged that If a decree Is entered
In tho suit now pending in federal court
as provided In tho ordinance It would
make the city admit that the gas plant
Is worth more than $3,500,000, and, hence,
that $1 gas could not bo produced at a
profit and would be confiscatory. There
fore, It Is alleged, the ordinance would be
void and the city would not get $1 gas.
Because other public service corpora
tions are paying occupation taxes ot S
per pent, the petition asserts, the gas
ordinance would grant special Immunity
and the gas company would be released
from paymento aggregating more than
$1,000,000 In twenty-five years.
Attorneys for Mr. Bemls are D. C. Pat
terson and Raymond Coffey.
Armistice of Three
Days On in Balkans
BUCHAREST, Rumania, Aug. A
three-day extension of the armistice be
tween the Balkan states was agreed to
today by tho peace delegates of Rumania,
Servla, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria.
This action was taken to enable the
plenlpotentalrles to endeavor to reconcile
the differences and claims of the various
Rebellion in Southern
IJONQKONO, Aug. 4,-The southern
Chinese' rebellion has been practically
suppressed and the declaration of lnde
pendence of tho revolutionary forces ab
rogated. In Canton the people are cele
brating the ending of the uprising.
It Is said General Lung Chl-Kuang, tho
victorious commander ot the government
troops from Kwang-Bl, has been ap
pointed governor general of tho province
of Kwang-Tung. The rebel governor,
Chang, of Kwang-Tung, who said at the
beginning ot the revolutionary movement
that he disapproved of the Independent
policy of the southern states, Is expected
In Hongkong tonight He shot his two
military advisers, Chang Chung-Ylang
and Wang Suit-Sun, and an army officer,
as he auspected them of intrigue.
The artillerymen of Canton killed their
lieutenant colonel and then matched to
the governor's office, where they looted
the treasury. One of the shells fired by
the artillerymen fell In the prefect's of
fice and killed twelve persons.
Fighting continues along tho West river,
where the rebels have captured a gun
boat. Tho chief problem of the authorities l
tho suppression of looters.
Wood Beetle Being
Eliminated in West
WASHINGTON, Aug. 4. -A deadly little
beetle less than a quarter of an Inch In
length, but bearing the awe Inspiring
name ot Bend roc tonus Mentlcolao Hop
kins, which threatened to destroy mil
lions of feet of timber. Is being elimin
ated by the vigorous methods the forest
service is applying.
This summer already In the Ochoe na
tional forest, Oregon, where thtB moun
tain pine beetle, as commonly known, was
doing most damage, more than 40,000 trees
have been cut. Latest reports Indicate
that the government apparently has the
beetle under control. It Is claimed that
almost as much Umber is killed annually
by Insects as by fires.
Army Mobilized to
Drive Out Castro
CARACAS, Vera Cruz, Aug. 4. An army
of veterans and' some thousands ot re
cruits Is being mobilized at the town of
Maracay, fifty miles southwest ot the
capital, These forces are expected to
attack Coro, In the state of Falcon, and
drive out Castro. They will proceed there
In two divisions, by land and by sea.
Another army Is being assembled at
Barqulslmeto, capital of the state of
!ara, 185 miles southwest of Caracas.
This force will endeavor to cut oft
Castro's escape Into the Interior. Tin
people express confidence that the gov
ernment will be able to aupress the re
bellion. PRAYERS FOR THE PONTIFF
ARE BEING OFFERED TODAY
NEW YORK. Au. 4. Todv I. ii,-
tenth anniversary of the election of Pope
1'ius a. ty the conclave of 1903. It Is
tald that the only recoenlilm, of th
anniversary at this time will be special
prayers tor me ponttrr. The anniversary
of the death of Pope Le0 xill ond the
election and crownlnir of Pnn txn. -v
will be observed together, November 15.
WILSON IS RELIEVED
TO MEXICAN REPOBLIC
Resignation of the Minister to Mex
ioo is Formally Accepted by
Seoretary Bryan. 1
TO BE EFFECTIVE OCTOBER 14
William Hale, Friend of President,
Mentioned for the Vacancy.
STATEMENT IS MADE PUBLIC)
Retired Official Says Ho Always
Acted with Best Intentions,
HAD EXPECTED COMMENDATION
Uejfnrried aa a. Factor In Mexican Io
lltlcal Situation, It la Desired
thnt Mr. Wilson Remain J
WASHINGTON. Aug. 4.-Secretarj
Bryan today announced the acceptance
ot tho resignation of Henry Lane Wilson
as ambassador to Mexico and. made tho,
"Ambassador Wilson's resignation hail.
been accepted to take effect October 14.
The part which he felt It his duty to tako
in tho earlier stages of the recent revo
lution in Mexico woutd male It difficult
for him to represent tho views of tha
present administration In view of tha
situation which now exists."
The ambassador, in tho ordinary prac
Uce, Is entitled to sixty days' leave,"
exclusive of Sundays, which accounts
for tho fixing of tho dato of October 14
in tho announcement. In the meantime)
no appointment can be made, as a
vacancy will not exist until that date.
Consequently the American embassy In)
Mexico will remain in charge ot Secre
tary O'Bhaughne.fsy, corresponding la
status with the Mexican embassy In tho
city ot Washington, which, la now con
ducted by Charge Algara.
The announcement followed a confer
once with Secretary Bryan, to which Mr.
Wilson had been summoned from New
Tork by telegraph. Earlier Mr. Wilson
Intimated that he expected Ills resigna
tion would be accepted almost any tlmu
and pointed out that ho had tendered is
three times since March. 4.
Tho resignation will be followed by an
announcement ot policy toward Mexico
by President Wilson. No intimation oC
what the announcement would be waa
permitted to leak out, but there wcro as
surances that armed Intervention waa
out of the question, and there wero rea
sons for believing tho announcement
would deal with this government's atti
tude toward exports -of arms to Mexico,
, ' , P rji. I e S n ilJCo Btlo m h ndji
Sir. Wilson bcan ambassador to Msx
ico In 19861, aftdr dlplOmaiio .service in
Chile, Belgium and Grooce. lit had fori
merly been in law and banking In Spo
kane, Wash. Whllo ambassador to Mex
ico he was surrounded by a succession
of stormy political evonts beginning with
the abdication ot President piaa anfl
the uprising against Madero which ro
sulted. In that ruler'a death. He took m
prominent part as dean oC the Mexican
diplomatic) corps In bringing about peaca
between Felix Diaz and Huerta. Ho Waa
alternately praised and condemned for
his part In that Charges ot partisanship
were made against him to the State do
When the ambassador waa recalled!
from Mexico City less than a month ago
for consultation, as the official announce
ment wont, It was freely predicted thai
he would not return. These prediction!
wero strengthened In diplomatic circle
by tho froo manner In which he publicly
discussed political conditions in Mexico.
In his conforenco with President WIN
son, Secretary Bryan aad the secretary
of .the foreign relations committee Mr.
Wilson advocated at least a rettrlctei
recognition of the Huerta government
and other measures to which the admin
lstratlon was opposed. When that be
came known It was certain tha accept
anco ot his resignation was only a mat
tor of time.
Wilson MaUea Statement.
Mr. Wilson after leaving the State dot
partment dictated tho following state
"I believe the president and the scre
tary In the consideration ot the question
are actuated by the highest patriotism
and with the best intentions to both court
tries. I am Unaware of what solution oS
the existing situation is proposed, but t
trust it will bo found satisfactory. X
have no pride of opinion with reference
to my own recommendations, claiming foj
them that they were conscientious and
represent the views ot 38 per cent ot thtt
Americans and foreigners in Mexico."
It became known that the ambassador'!
conference with Secretary Bryan at tlmesj
(Continued on Page Two.)
The Limit of
One hundred cents make one dol
lar. Yet when -you spend your dollar
how efficient is it? Do you get
60c, 80a or lOOo worth7
The answer is squarely up to
you. It depends upon your method
If you go through life paying no
heed to what you uuy or where you
buy it, the chances are that your
dollar Is worth 60c or less. If
you now and then run into the
right article halt by chance and
half by Intent, the value of your
dollar increases perhaps to 80&
If however, you are alive and
interested In finding out for your
self the "what, when and where"
of money spending, every pur
chase, every Invetsment you make,
brings you the fullest possible re
turn for your dollar.
The man or woman who reads
advertising Intelligently and' con
tinually, makes a dollar do Its full
stint of work.
ad reader, begin today and be one.