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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: AUGUST 3, 1913.
Interview with Dr. Alexander Graham Bell
(Copyright, 1913, by Frank O. Carpentr)
ASHINOTON, D. C.-I want to
TATl toll you something about the
W I Intellectual methods of one of
the greati-st men of all time,
to give you a peep, as It were,
Into that wonderful mind
which, as far as human speech Is con
corned, has annihilated distance and has
brought tho hundreds of millions of the
human race mouth to ear. I refer to Dr.
Alexander Graham Bell, whose Invention
of the telephone has wrapped a network
of quivering Iron nerves about the globe
and brought men's souls together.
The actions of Dr. Bell's mind that cul
minated Ih the telephone were completed
more than a generation ago. That In
vention was- -patented. In 1876, and the
concept then brought .forth will continue
to work and grow as long as time shall
Many ftlarrelona Dlsoorcrles.
Evor slnco then the same mind has
been working along Inventive and scien
tific lines. It has created many new
things which are known and has pro
duced others which will come to light
when Its wonderful records are pub
lished. In 183$ Dr. Bell was one of the
prime factors In the. creation of the
graphophone. A little later on he or
ganized the movement for the teaching
of speech,, to the deaf along the lines. of
Visible speech, Invented- by his father,
Dr. Alexander Melville Bell, and to a
certain extent those of 'his eminent grand
father, Alexander. JBell, , who was an
Authority on, phonetics and defective
,'ater' still Dr. Belt took' Up the Investi
gation of matters relating to aerial flight,
bringing forjh now baslo , principles of
construction which" have been of great
value to. aviation. In addition he has
mads Investigations' and discoveries along
many other lines, his work concerning
which has never been published, HI
mind, In short, is on Intellectual dynamo
driven nt an enormous voltage by what
seems to be, perpetual motion.
I have seen some of th first workings
of this mind In a model which Alexander
Graham Bell made when a boy, of a wax
and rubber mouth, which would speak
and pronounce the word "liamraa." He
was working, at an Invention of. multiplex
telegraphy with wires attuned to the oc
taves of the piano, when he discovered
the telephone, and his mental activity has
continued from that time until now. He
Is how a half 'dozen years beyond that
age at which Dr. Osier says all working
men should bo chloroformed, but his
mind today Is brighter and better th'an
Ills Library, of Ileoords.
The records of a mind like this are of
Inestimable value. Dr. Bell began to
make them when he was inventing the
telephone, and it was the dated records
he had kept which enabled him to estab
lish beyond doubt his priority of inven
tion. This showed him the value of such
records, and from then until now his
mind hoo, as it were, been before the
moving picture camera of his note books.
and Its actions are filed away for the fu
ture. He has kept records and rtotes'iuf
everything that he has thought or' expert-1
mented upon since that time,' and theso
notqs now fill several .hundreoxolurries,
giving the complete story, as It", "Wre, j?.
Xhllntlleaual,31f8ty;.!r - --T ?
I spent a great-part of last might th
Dr. Bell In his library, and during my
stay took a look at these- books. They are
full of photographs, diagrams, sketches
and figures. Some of the work has been
taken down by his secretary and written
out by typewriter from these stenographic
notes, but there are thousands of pages
in the fine penmanship of Dr. Bell him
self. Within the last five years the manu
script volumes have been condensed into
a series of digests, which have been is
sued from time to time In a typewritten
journal, which Dr. Bell calls "The Bclnn
Bhreagh Recorder." Belnn Bhreagh Is
the name of Dr. Bell's summer home at
Beddeck, Nova Scotia, and hence the
name of the Journal. This Journal Is Is
sued In typewriting and there are only
five copies. One of these Copies goes to
the records of the Smithsonian Institu
tion, and the others are distributed in
different places, so that there may be no
danger of loss by fire or flood.
Covers Wonderful Range,
.This digest has now been, issued for five
years, and the work already comprises
i thirteen volumes, each of which is as
thick as the ordinary law took, having
' pages as largo as thoso of an old family'
Bible. Koch volume contains COO pages,
1 and roughly estimated about 200,000
words. In the whole thirteen volumes
there are more than 2,000,000 words, and
these represent the condensation of the
workings of Dr. Bell's mind for the last
five years only. In addition are the
manuscript notes of more than twenty
years procedlng,' constituting altogether a
mass of material tho contemplation of
which makes the mind of tho ordinary
man buzz like an electrlo fan.
I wish I could show you these books.
The thirteen volumes comprise the work
ing of Dr. Bell's mind after he had
passed tho Dr. Oiler period. Take, for
instance, volume two, giving the last
three months of 1900. The Index to the
volume covers twenty pages, and the
sub J tots Include, among. onther things, ex
periments on aerial navigation, Ideas as
to the scientific breeding of sheep, and
as to the utilization of waste heat, sug
gestions for a new metric system for the
United States, experiments on preserving
fpods in paraffin, notes on eugenics and
the detailed biological history of a cat.
As I looked over this book, I asked Dr.
Bell as to whether his mind worked aa
wen now as In the past. He replied:
"I have never felt stronger Intellec
tually. My mind has a greater power .f
concentration than it ever ha. It seems
DR-BxnaF Baiix ,
This Institution Is the only one
In the centra) west with separate
buildings situated In their own
ample grounds, yet entirely- dis
tinct, and rendering it possible to
cllsslty cases. The one building
being fitted for and devoted to the
treatment ot non-contagious and
non-mental diseases, no others be
ing admitted: the other Rest Cot
tage being designed for and dn
voted to the exclusive treatment,
ot select mental cases requiring
for a time watchful care and spe
Dr.peTl's mifid xs brightest after -mi JzughJr
to be quicker, and It does not ttra alonr
the lines in which tl am Interested. I
LTnetlTitc work for eighteen hours nt a
His Habits of Life.
lAte in the conversation T naked Dr.
Biil r.S to habits of wo x. He follows
tiv earno program ho has always vsud.
Ills alicmoons and eVenlnga ro devoted
to roclcl and business canurements. and
It l elf somo houV after dinner that
tu begins htu lntellect-ml work. His best
woik U done at night and ho toils me
Ihat his mind Wat its brightest from
nudHpht on. He Is the-i froo from lnttr-rupt'r,r.-j
and can give his soul to abstract
th-u?h: and scientific Invention. Until
very recently he has not gone to bed until
4 o'clock In the morning, and his nreront
time of retiring Is a littlo aftor 3. He
sleeps from 3 until 10 or 11 and finds that
this is all ' ho needs. Ho sleeps out r.f
doors. He has an open-air porch back of
his library, and he uass this as hla bed
room. Ho has no trouM tn slasptng. not
withstanding tho porch Is right ever n
playground where a little Montessorl
school of boys and girls are making thn
usual noises of chlld.-ci tanging in age
from to 8 years' Ho says that the
noise affects him mu;n .tho same as that
of a .sleeping 'car. -Ono gets used to it.
andthQ mind tnkes4no note of tt.
rX&sprogrpiJor jiU; Mys. cf yu
Weeks" goes on regularly, except wjien
Dr.'-:Bflirnecprhes' espeol.iUr.:interested In
some subject. At rich' tlm.M he may
not go to bed at all, but will continue
his work until he has completed that
stage of his thought or mvnstlgatlon.
He may work far on Into the day, goln?
for hours without sleu, nnl then sleep
ing: for many hours at A stretch to mako
One Day of Solltnde.
1 have said for "six days of tho
week." He has one day tn, civery seven
which Is entirely devoted to his own
intellectual existence, neparnte and apart
from every other human being. At Bad-
deck he has a sort of rttrta. consltslng
of an old houseboat which he has, erected
on posts, and "which Is hlrldri away far
In the woods. He has a clmll.tr retreat
In a cabin In soma woods which are
easily reached from Washington. On
this day ho leaves the middlng crowd
and goes off by him. -If to do such spe
cial work as Jie may have on hand. He
takes some canned fool, and other so
called dlgestlblcs with him sand conks
his own meals, so that he Is absolutely
free from, human Interruption. This fea
ture of his work Is not generally kn-iwn
but Dr. Bell tells me that he finds It of
great value in the product realttftj, and
In the maintenance of Intellectual and
physical strength. i
As to his night work, Dr. Bell keeps
this going from day to day, year In and
yr out When he Is traveling by train
he has the drawing room of tho sleeper
and carries on his night work there,
and he does the same in his cabin on
his long ocean ' trips over the world.
Speaking of this recalls a curious In
cident which happened during his visit
to. Japan some .years ago.
We had been talking about Japan,
and I asked Dr. Bell to tell me of his
audience with the emperor. He replied:
Meeting; With the Mikado,
"You know, an invitation to an audi
ence of that kind is a command, and it
has to be met at the exact time of the
appointment. The United States minis
ter had said he would arrange for the
audience, but that there was no cer
tainty when It could be granted. I was
traveling with my wife and daughters.
We had left Toklo and gone to the
western part of Japan, when one day I
received a telegram telling me that his
majesty would receive me tow days
later at 10 o'clock in the morning. At
that time the United States minister
did n?t know of. our whereabouts, and
he only found us by telegraphing to all
of the hotels In western Japan where
we might possibly be stopping. At any
rate, he found me, and that same night
I left my family and came back to
At this point Dr. Bell stopped and
"I think T had better call In Charles,
who was with me at the time. He will
remember the details better than I do."
Thereupon Dr. Bell rang for his valet,
nndCahrles, a bright-looking colored
man of perhaps thirty, came In, and Dr.
Bell asked him to tell me how he had
gone to the emperor. Sold Charles:
"You see, Mr. Bell, we were in Kioto
at the time we got the telegram, and
we had to come right away to Toklo.
We stopped on tho way at Yokohama,
and it was not until the night before
you were to meet the emperor that we
got back to Toklo. Then yotf received
news from the American legation that
you must appear the next morning at
10 o'clock at the palace In a full dress
suit, with a tall silk hat and white
gloves. You had the dress suit, but
you had no tall hat nor gloves. I went
out and bought the glover''
"But what did we do for a hat?"
'Oh, we hired that. It was so small
that you could not wear It, but you had
only, to carry It In your hand."
"Well what happened next?"
"That night, Mr. Belt, you remember
you, said you would go to bed early, so
that you would be bright in the morning
when you talked with the emperor. YoU
promised me you would go to bed right
away after dinner, but you did not. You
worked all night until about 4 o'clock tn
the morning and when I tried to wake
you at 8:30 I could hardly do so. You
'said: 'All right,' and turned over and
went to sleep again. I came in at 9
and laid out your evening clothes. I
waked you again, and It was along about
J:S0 that I finally got you up. You' then
put on your dress suit, while the man
from the legation was waiting for you,
and had Just time to get to the palace,
I remember when you got back you were
hot much pleased with the audience. You
said that the emperor looked over your
head and seemed very stiff."
Dr. Bctl then sold:
"Tho audience was something like
that Wo had no conversation except In
platitudes, and his majesty was evidently
acting according to tho fixed rules upon
1 "I give, this story to Illustrate some
thing ot tho working of Dr. Bell's
mind. He could come across the whole
.of Japan to see the emperor, ' and wlttv
an audience like that In view In the
morning, could so lose himself in his
work to spend tho whole night .without
knowing or thinking that there was such
a tiling as an emperor In existence.
His Personal Appearance.
It is Interesting to know how a man
who does, as much work as Dr. Bell
keeps fit. He is now in his sixty-mtn
year and la the personification of In
tellectual and physical vigor. He Is over
six feet in height and must weigh con
siderably more than 200 pounds.. He is,
however, light on his feet, and his coin-
" V . , b, ht
plexlon Is as clear and his eyes as bright
as when I first met mm imeen o'
twenty years ago. I have spoken of his
sleeping in the open air. He has done
that for more than a generation and long
before the open-air cure was advocated.
He Is not a great eater. As we sat in
the library last night at about 1 o'clock
the servant brought In a tray upon which
Was his supper which he takes at 3 a. m.,
Just before golnc to bed. It consisted cf
a half dozen .water thin creackors.a bot
tle ot Bulgarian milk or artificial butter
milk and a flask of distilled water.
Doesn't Care for Salt.
The distilled -water recalled to my.
mind a visit I had made Dr. Bell about
seven years ago, Just before t started
out to make a long trip around the
African continent He was rtriakW
distilled water then and I asked him
why he did so. He replied:
"I have found that distilled water is
a sovereign cure for rheum ill jm, at
least as far as my own case is con
cerned. Some years ago I was afflicted
with, sciatica and was bedridden on ac
count of it. The doctors could not find
anything to relieve me. The attack came
Just when I was Investigating certain
subjects relating to the deposits of raits.
One was as to the deposits of ialta In the.
human system. A well known scientist
had written a book In which he said that
old age came from such depojlts, nhd
that the Ills ot advancing years vere due
to the lack of their elimination. This
man thought that when such deposits
went to the Joints "man had rheumatism.
When they went to the kidneys t.e hsd
kidney trouble and stones In tho urlairy
organs, and when they lodged in the
arteries, they produced what is CAlled
hardening of the arteries. 7n the wmo
way, when such deposits coated the
nerves they produced sciatica.
"At the same time I had been studying
about the Dead sea, the Great Bait lake,
and" other bodies of water which have no
outlets. They are,, as you know, all salt.
The Dead sea la' one-fourth salt and the
Great Salt lake is loaded with salt Well,
It occurred to the that my body was
much like the Dead sea, and that it
needed less salt coming In and plenty ot
ways to get the salt out. I knew that
distilled water was pure, and with
the free perspiration I always have. I
thought that If I drank plenty of it I
might get rid ot some ot the salts which
were covering my sciatic nerves. I tried
drinking St, and it worked like a charm.
Within a short time my sciatic left
me, and I have been 'free from rheuma
tism from that day to this. I have kept
up my drinking of distilled water, and I
attribute my almost perfect health
largely to It When I am in the city I
get it at the regular water supply stores,
and when I am at Baddeck I have a little
10 still with which I make what I
"Will Cure Illiruiuntl-tn.
I referred to this talk last night, and
then told Dr. Bell of my own experiences
with distilled water, which were the re
sult of his story. I told him bow when
I left for Africa I had been urgea to
drink nothing but mineral waters, and
how for the first four months ot my trip
I did so. I started In at Gibraltar with
drinking a well known French mineral
water, and kept this up during my
travels in Morocco, Algeria. Tunisia and
Tripoli. The water contained consider
able salts, and the result was that when
I got to Egypt, my system was In a ter
rible condition, and I went to a famous
Cairo doctor and asked him what was
the matter. He replied that I had been
taking In too much salt through that
water, and he advised mo to drink only
tho Juice of the Nile, I then told Mm
about Dr. Bell's theory, when he replied!
"Dr. Bell Is Just right. All water which
passes through the earth has more or
less organic or norganlo substances in It.
and being already loaded. It cannot take
up the (alts ot the system. Dlstlllbd watet
Is different. It Is pure and It Bucks up the
salts like a sponge. It Is a magnet which
draws the salts to It and there Is no
doubt but that It Is good for rheumatism."
To complete the story, when I returned
home I found one of my friends afflicted
with rheumatism, and persuaded htm to
try the cure. He did so and within a few
weeks he was well. I recommended It
to General James T. Du Bols, who had
Just been appointed United States min
ister to Colombia, and who was almost
wild with neuralgia. I persuaded him to
turn on tho distilled water and ho was
able to proceed to his post. I could
mention sevoral others, and I JRfcest
the prescription to my rheumatlo readors.
KKANK Q. CAIITENTEIL
KILLING TIPS FOR FLY TIME
Uncle Bum Tells of Vnrloua Menu
of ratting; ICnd to Summer
Traps and poisons as effective means
cf abating or controlling the fly nui
sance are dlsoussed in a bulletin Just
issued by the United States Department
The uso of 'formaldehyde, which has
been recommended by Dr. Murray, Is en
dorsed by the Agricultural department
a means of killing the pests. House
holders and others who employ the
method, however, should be careful to
see that the poison Is kept out of the
reach ot children
Referring to the effectiveness of for
maldehyde as an insect destroyer, the
"It. I. Smith of the North Carolina
station found that one ounce, (two table-
spoonfuls) of formalin (40 per cent for
maldehyde) In sixteen ounces (one pint)
of a mixture of equal parts of milk and
water In shallow dishes, with a piece
of bread In the center for the files to
light on, proves very attractive and de.
stroctivo to the, flies, especially when
placed on the front and back porches
of houses. It Is less effective when used
Inside the house, although the method
was used with good results In ridding
dairies of flies.
"E. E. Green of Celon has used the
following method with success; Fill a
soup plate with damp sand, cover with
a disk of blotting paper, Bprcad sugar
qn. the blotting paper, and sprinkle it
with a mixture of one part ot formalin
(40 per cent formaldehyde) with twenty
parts of. water.'
New types of fly traps are discussed
in tne uuiieun as iouuws
"Various forms of fly traps have been
used with good results. P. I Wash
burn of the Minnesota station describee
an efficient and easily constructed form
of trap, as follows:
The trap Is twenty-four Inches, long,
twelve Inches high and eight Inches wide.
The upper Dart, which may be qval or
rectangular as preferred, serve as a re
ceptacle which the fllus enter through
tho opening In the , top of the mlddlo
portion made of ordinary mosquito wire
screen and shaped like the roof of a
house. Under this Is tho base board
upon which rest two tin bait nans. The-
between thn base board and the
i mmli porti0n Is about one-half Inch.
and between this and tho bait Pans
through which files enter pans, about
one-fourth ot an Inch. Stale meat, bread
and milk are used as bait. The trapped
tiles are killed by Immersing In hot
"A trap devised by C. P. Hodge, and
recommended by the Department of Ag
riculture for use In windows of dairies,
stables, markets, etc., is described as
At the bottom ! an opening; about
a uuarter of an Inch wide, running the
length of both sides. This opening ad
mits the files to a space covered by a
ridge or roof of screen wire with holes
large enough for flies to go through
every two inches. Largo pans of fly
bait fish heads, poultry cleanings, brew
ers' waste, blood, or anything available
which ts found on the premises to at
tract files can be net on the bottom
board and thus establish a whirlwind
focus for all the flies about the place.
The other essential In the construction
ts the fold or folds In the screen walls,
These are slmnly folds or open pleats
running horizontally across tho trap,
pointing upward and inward. The files,
In trying to gut In or out of the win
dow, collect In these folds, run back
and forth In them until they pop through
one of the holes which occur every two
Inches, and they have never been seen to
face of the wrinkle and crawl down and
find a hole on the convex Inside sur
This trap is built in a frame which
fits closely In a window, preferably on
tho best lighted side of the building."
SPIEL OF MAN OF WOE
.Funeral Etiquette and Some Obser
vations Kn Ilouto to 'the
A New York undertaker who follows an
unusual and apparently Inconvenient
route on his way to the ferries has ex.
plained his partiality for those particular
streets. "I go that way," he said, "be
cause by so doing we pass through a
neighborhood whose attitude is especially
respectful toward funerals. There are
many streets where a funeral procession
makes no more Impression on the
populace than an ice wagon, but in parts
of the city where the Latin clement
predominates the approach of a hearse is
the signal for a solemn demonstration
Men slacken their speed and some raise
their hats. Mourners, I find, are Im
pressed with these tokens of respect, so
even though the neighborhood Is not the
most select, I find It Jeslrable to travel
"There Is an old superstition about cross
Ing between funerals, but I doubt if it is
as much superstition as the showing by
some of proper respect for the dead
and the mourners. Funerals ought not
to go onto the ttreet car tracks, thus
avoiding the breaking up and scattering
ot carriages, and automobile and other
vehicles surely should show proper
respect by halting while the funeral Is
passing. Cities should pass ordinances
routing funerals to cemeteries and make
tt a misdemeanor to cross between fu.
nerals. The trouble tn the United States
is we are In too great a hurry and have
no time for the dead unless the dead
happen to be our dear ones." Pittsburgh
the best low-priced instrument,, are
On the ground floor
for your convenience
WATCH F0RJTHE SURE SIGN
Tho Tlrao to Propoea ! When the
Pair One' Glow le
"Watch for the five reddish-pink spots
In the human aura, then propose. It la
a two-to-ono wager that the girl will
say yes, for Just at that particular time
the Kir I will be experiencing a rush of
This advice to tho lovelorn was gleaned
from a lecture by Dr, Kdwln II. llock.
with at Hesant hall, 10U Bouth Michigan
Of course, the lovelorn would have to
carry a sensltlvo screen of dlcyanln
possibly a vest-pocket edition through
which ho could gaze at the "only girl."
Anyway, according to Dr. Beckwlth, If
the radiating llnea are atralght and
pink, it Is a nlgn of health and a pure
and beautiful love. The five reddish
spots show a rush of affection and
drpoplng linos show Illness.
In case tho human "glow" Is a com
bination of pink and yellow, with a light
red color radiating 'from the head, then
the perton 1b Irritable. A yellowish groan
lustre shows lack of mentality and a reg
ular cublft mixture of colors, with
Ifghtnlngllke dashes ot black, are sig
nificant of anger. Plain green Is the
color of craftiness. Chicago Post.
- priced instrument, and
The Columbia "Eclipse
A full steo and comploto Columbia, with tho now tone
control shutters, and tho now Columbia roproducor. Plays
any diso record.
Try to forgot tho amollnoss of tho prico long enough
to provo tho quality of this Columbia "Eolipao,"
. The Columbia "Grand"
Tho last word in instruments of musio. No winding
it runs by electric motor. Stops automatically at tho end
of each record. A tono-chambor built liko tho body of a
cello. Equipped with a speed Indicator operating like an
automobile spoodometor. It plays all diso records inter
And there are other Columbias all the way between
at $35, $50, $60, $100; $150 and $200.
LET US SEND A GRATONOLA TO YOUE HOME.
MAKE YOUE OWN TERMS
S6HM0LLER & MUELLER PIAN0C0.
( Douglas 1023.
The new department is now
, open for your inspection
A handsomely appointed banking room
has been equipped with rvery conveni
ence for the use of this department, to
gether with the Woman's Department. .
Ground floor, Contr 13th md Firnim Streets
Open from 9 a. m. t 3 p. m.
Savings accounts of $100 or: tnre receivtd.-
Drs. Hack & Mach
The largest and best equipped denUl
office In Omaha. Experts In charge ot
all work, moderate prices. Porcelain
filling; just like the tooth. All lnatru
ments eterlllied after uslnr.
3d Moor Vaxton JBlock, Omaha, Xeh.
ELOPERS BREAK UP A CLUB
Doable Steal Hob Bloomer Base Ball
Team of Pitcher and
There Is woe among the members and
management ot the American Bloomer
airl base ball club, the women cham
pions of the UnlUd Btates, and all be.
caueo Harry Welchonce and James Hur
ley havo wrecked the team by carrying
off lleta Ilarland, the crack twlrler, and
Harriet Logan, the star shortstop.
Welchonce and Hurley took no chances.
They put the girls, dressed In their uni
forms, In a taxicab immediately follow.
Ing the game which they had played
with a strong amateur team. And, de
spite the efforts of James C. Murray, the
manager of tho team, rode off with them.
Murray said that Miss Harland and
Miss Logan had eloped with the McKeos
port men, and he might as well disband
his team, as the two girls were the
"whole works," and without them his
team was of little account. Miss Harland
and Harry Welchonce and Miss Logan
and James Hurley were married at Wells
burg, W. Va.
This telegram was received from the
eloping girls: "We made double steal and
are watting on third to come home. Hit
'em nut and give us a chance." Pitts
13111313 Farnsun lit.
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175 Rooms frith Bath. Restaurant
a La Carte with reasonable charges
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Further Reduction for Weekly Occupancy
B. O. CLAYTON, Proprietor
wy. Yellowstone Ptrk
Daily Tours via Cody, Scenio
The Holm Transportation Co.,