Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 04, 1913, PART TWO EDITORIAL, SOCIETY, Image 20
The Omaha Sunday Bee Magazine Page I Copyrlgh't,llll, by tht Star Companr. Great Britain nights Reiervad.' The Inevitable End of Genius GorkyS SCANDALOUS Romance "No vow is of any use for the people who stand at the top. I have sacrificed myself enough for my romatic sentiments." Mmc. Andreyeva's Cynical Farewell to Gorky. '4 The Brilliant Mme. Andreyeva Who Took Him from His Wife and Child ains That She Has Had to Abandon:: the Russian Novelist Because She b a "denitis" Herself Expli TUB Inevitable consequences havo followed, and ended, the scandalous romanco of the. celobratod Russian novelist, Maxim Qorky. Tho beautiful actress, Mme. Andrcyeva, -who took him from his wife and child seven years ago and accompanied him to America, has loft him exiled In Italy and returned tc Moscow and nor former life of tho Btage. Gorky'a appearance In America, accompanied by tho actress, It will be remembered, barred him from Amorlcan society, and caused him and his companion to bo ejected from a Now York hotol. Tho novelist could not got a divorce from his wife, and could not return to Russia. Accompanied by Mmc Andreyova he went to Italy. They luolatcd themselves In a cottage on the Island of Capri whore they romalned together until a few weeks ago when, as ds ordained In all such cases, tho Irregular bond, at last overstrained, snapped, and she abandoned htm. Interviewed in Moscow, the actrosB brazenly declares that laws governing the relations of tho soxes aro doubt less good for tho masses, for ordinary plodders, but ot tor "genius." Doing a gonlus horsolf, and not car ing longer to sink her "art personality" In that of Gorky, he decided to resumo her Independent career. And Uils Inevitable climax has come In spite of cir cumstances which enabled Gorky to obtain. divorce aad to .marry Mme. Andreyevs, This attempt to right a wrong made bo difference. And tho moral Is further j pointed by tho contrast offered by tho two women In volved. While Mme. Androyeva playn her part of the fceartless "genius," the first Madamo Gorky is all sym pathy for tho abandoned novelist and frankly declares Iter wish to befriend him. From the first Gorky's real friends In Russia dis cerned that his genius would be fettered instoad of In spired by his irregular relationship with Mme. Andrey va. What they have learned of their life togethor In .the cottage on Capri ber.ra out all their forebodings. Gorky wrote novels and plays, and his companion attempted to asstst him In the capacity of a critic and adviser. But none of his works of tuts period held the appeal so characteristic of his former spontaneous pro ductions. Instead of continuing In his successful field of vagabond and outcast life, he dealt more and more with, that of tho middle class and Us special problems which he was not fitted to discuss. It seems that Mme. Androyeva, with her woman's pcrvorseness, strovo to make another Maeterlinck of him. This woman, who selfishly abandoned Gorky In his exile, and admHa it, at present is stopping with friends Jn Moscow, She expects shortly to resume her inter rupted stage career. At first she avoided representa tives of the press, but Anally to ono whom she had known in the old days she gave an interview, of which the following are tho significant portions. "My explanation is that I could not any longor resist .the call of the stage. It grew louder and louder. A phantom of my glorious past haunted me night and day, I feared that I would commit suicide It I shut my ears to it any longer. I simply yielded." "But how about your husband? Old he share your feelings?' Madame Androyeva blushed and seemed contused. "I am sorry to say, no. We aro intimate .frlonds, that Is all. He could not understand mo. That Is the painful feature of. our relations. The question lsl why should I sacrifice my art for the art of my husband! Why should I give up my art for tho sake of my ro mantic attachment to hlmt Can the husband's laurels tie also the laurels of his wife? Will she be happy In decorating herself with what she has not earned? Why .should I bury my art on that small island for the sake of remaining a true companion of my husband. I don't see why." "It's a serious problem. Indeed, especially since your husband could not follow you In your career. But is there no chance of a compromise?" "Well, let me tell you," answered Mme. Andreyevs, "I bare come to the conclusion that marriage Is only a jsecsuary regulation for mediocrities and the masses, bat it has no meaning for geniuses or degenerates. No vow is of any use for tho people who stand at the top. It is a alee knot for the average mind. I have under cone many deprivations for the eake of ray romantic vow and would undergo moro still, but I am an artist tayttlf, like ray husband, and must accomplish more than I could as. merely his cheering companion. I am Mt ealy a woaaa. but also a factor la a Ugsr saasr BBBIBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBSBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBbIU fiTti.TKtB BBBBBBBBBBBsflPH HI IBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBUj jMIBIIIIIIIIBIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIISBBBBBh BBBBbHT V H SBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBsKaJtl vtwL'33LViLvfrfl H fl nmf. . nil ii ii in mini i I 1 wrwm,Miiiiiii ii i i wi i i i i mks , ..... . ms&m m.mmrmm i -qS5- V . , . ejW I f M BBBBBBBBBBBBBT m '-C.. mme. Anareyeva tin rancy xMwnl .bbbbbbw :;- J Russian 'Dress) Whom He rv SSr '"V Abandoning His First Wife j j ILbs-S' h" Been Abndoned "Which will Gorky choose to pursue the wife who so coolly abandons him or to return, broken, to the wife who offers him again her love and devotion?" YVtillflLlllllflilijIIIBWl Maxim Gorky, the Celebrated Russian Novelist, Who Has Been Abandoned by the Actress for Whom He Deserted His Wife and Child. I have sacrificed myself onough for ray romantlo senti ments. Now I have higher IdealB. Uke my husband .has, and for that reason I cannot go any further. "You see that I have my own reputation almost In the same degree that my husband has. It this were not the caso, I certainly would be satisfied in finding contentment within the frame of my family, I would remain the wife the woman. But I feel that spcloty the art-loving world has bigger claims upon me: I am a member of the universal family. In order tc serve humanity, I am Justlfiod In forsaking my husband, even if it should displease him. It I should meet a Btarvlng man and was unable, to help him, I would be Justified In taking from whomever I could, taking by violence It the ono I asked refused to give deliberately. I am not a criminal It I do that, but an executioner of higher Ideals. The same Is the case when I leave my family In order to live tor a thousand other families. I am perfectly Justified in sinning against my family If I can do good for humanity. All that I have done, at present is that I have sacrificed my personal self tor a blggor self. "Any man who marries a woman with high Ideals should know that he sits In the saddle ot a wild horse. He should be prepared from tho first touch ot her llps to see tho romantlo flamo die out any day. She. is a double personality; real and Ideal, physical .and spiritual. Whenever a woman who has a message mar ries a man and says she will be true to him till death, she Is untruo to herself. Sho does not know that. she will over be able to keep that vow. There are no writ ten laws for a genius, except those ot his or her own conscience. ( "She should not marry at all, It she thinks she has a message to humanity besides being a woman. But the conventional views ot society urge her to follow tho old and regular channels. She never takes . the family seriously, and that is the reason why a modern highly educated woman grows so easily tired of strict 'amllv Ufa and. makes lova to. another man. If ah h nothing higher to occupy her mind? The divorces in more civilised countries are perfectly natural facts and should never bo condemned. "Only a half-educated and entirely feminine woman Is perfectly happy within her family and strictly loyal to her husband. An educated and highly Intellectual woman baa no time to. fuss with housekeeping, the education of her children and keeping the affection ot her husband. She has bigger problems to solve and employs others to take care ot her family duties. The American woman, for Instance, has roached the highest degree ot general education, and is Interested in higher questions of llto, therefore she is a poor mother and an unreliable wlfo. But I don't blame her." "But isn't motherhood the aupremest of all Ideals of a woman?" "Not when a woman can be the mother of a spiritual creation art, or an ideal of any spiritual nature. That Is' the great philosophic point in woman's life. Tho higher a woman ascends Intellectually, the moro she loses of her physical motherhood. She becomes the mother ot the spiritual child, Just the same si the husband becomes the father of the creation ot his mind, instead ot that ot bis body. That Is the very reason why the children of nearly all great men re main mediocrities. Their parents neglect them, being concerned only with their intellectual children. Rous seau and Browning are the best examples In support of my argument" "Did your husband acduiesce with your leaving him to his fate? Are you expected to return to him after tho theatrical season Is over?" "We are friends Just the same, and may be much more friends than before. But his opinion Is that the glory ot the husband Is also tho glory ot the wife, In which I disagree. In case ot the wife being able to get her own glory. Even if my departure should mean the death ot his inspiration, I shall remain firm In my own ambition. Whether . I will return to him or not Is a matter for the disposition of my sentiments in the future." But what is the explanation ot Gorky himself ot this new turn tn his family affairs? He forsook his first wife and their child tor Androyeva. Now this wife forsakes him. So far no one knows whether he ever will explain It in any other way than In his memoirs. But ot great Interest Is the short opinion of his first wife on the matter, which she expressed to a Russian Journalist "A man should never fall in love with a woman who has her own ambition In social life. He will never be happy. Much more,. It she da superior to him Intel lectually she will exploit his creative power for hor own use and when sho has nothing more to get from him she will leave him without any sympathy, as was the case with Gorky's marriage to Andreyeva. I am very sorry for him. "Andreyeva Is a very clever woman, and Intellectual ly superior to him. He tell In love with her because of her great talent while she was playing the role of the heroine ot his drama. He is a simple, uneducated man ot the people. He was greatly fascinated by her brilliance. He probably thought or felt that she would Inspire him more than I did, and that is the reason he left mo and the boy whom he loved so af fectionately. But soon he realized that It was only an illusion. "Andreyeva urged him to Imitate Ibsen and Maeter linck, and he did so. That was the worst he could do. I, ot course, felt sorry about It; yet I thought, It he can accomplish mdre with her, heaven bless him! But she polished him to such an extent that she killed all his originality. However, If he should feel forsaken by all the world, I am certainly the first and last ot his most devoted friends to stay with him. I am really ready to sacrifice everything for bis success." NOW Is the Time to Kill the Filthy Fly By Dr. Leonard K. Herschberg. (Of Johhs Hopkins Medical College) TUB Summer about to dawn is the tenth anniversary of our conclusive conviction and tangible proof that the common nuisance and ubiquitous plague, the pestiferous housefly, produces many dangerous maladies, such as typhoid, cholera, dysentery, infantile ailments, and tho like. True enough, ever since tho Gov ernment report about the typhoid fever among American soldiers in the Spanish war, the housefly was fairly well known to be responsible for the spread ot that in fection. It was not, however, until the re-v searches ot the ensuing years had accu mulated that the fly's guilt was established beyond the cavil ot a doubt. The proboscis, or what you might call tho tongue, of tho housefly, is a most per nicious organ. Because the common fly cannot chew' or blto or suck or pierce tho skin, food must be served up to the fly in liquid form. In other words, a fly is always on a soft liquid or "fever" diet As a fly alights upon food, it sticks out its tongue or proboscis by means ot a pair of air-sacs or vacuum cleaners, which blow out tho proboscis Just as you blow into a glove to expand the fingers. Another pump of tho fly's mouth sucks In the liquid food mixed, with the insect's saliva. The food passes through tho alimentary canal and the undesirable parts are shot forth as flecks ot dust and moistened dirt from tho under surface ot the fly's body. It has been abundantly confirmed by ex periments that the fly not only stores up food for days and weeks at a time In Its crop, but It also regurgitates fresh as well bb old food very often; A fly will thus re gurgitate food out through Its mouth and proboscis mixed with Ballva, in order to dissolve and liquefy food that Is too solid for it to take. Indeed, files are so filthy in their habits that they 'regurgitate and re swallow the samo food many times. These regurgitation spots may be seen on white surfaces of window panes, and are easily distinguished from spots of waste matter discharged by the fly, because they aro much lighter in color than the latter. You may thus readily picture to yourself what takes place when a fly gorged with a liquefied diet ot typhoid material, tubercu losis sputum, or microbe-rich milk, hops gayly here and there on your berries, but ter, sugar bowl and kitchen utensils. The apparently clean and harmless fly that idly glides into your kitchen from tho passing garbage cart in order to havo a bit of your bread, your sugar, your meat, or your but ter, regurgitates a few times hero and there wherever it alights. Briefly, It a fly wishes to sip some nourishment from your table it must regurgitate several times at least upon the food It craves. Some of Its ejected saliva and food may be the remnants of fetid repasts obtained some dpys previously frcm tho filthiest Moreover, the sticky, gluey cushions upon a fly's feet are literally alive and swarming, with bacteria and other disease spreading filth. Tho much-admired and graceful act of a fly walking upside down is due to this mucilaginous material present upon the Insect's feet Tho footpads of a fly are so glutinous that they take up part of. anything with which they como in con tact Every known disease germ and con tagion has boon recovered from tho sole ot a fly's foot Since the abiding places of the rausca domestlca aro stableB, barns, manure heaps, rubbish boxes, outhouses and any decaying animal or vegetable matter, you may well imagine what varieties of, germs are encountered upon a fly's feet and in side its hollow tongue and mouth. Such delectable places are the brooding spot ot the mother fly. She lays her eggs, in a series of from 100 to 200 eggs at a time. Sho usually lives long enough to rear many thousands of progeny, halt of which in turn also become aggressive, egg-laying mothers. I have, however, seen female files during the Winter deposit eggs in a warm cellar, upon moist mud, in which thero was no nourishment One fly killed in April Is equal tu the combined onslaught and destruction of billions of flies by thousands of persons in July and August The boy or girl who de stroys the early flies of April and May can carve himself or herself a belt with the motto on It of "A Million at One Blow" For potentially, every mother fly to-day will be responsible for billions upon bill. Ions in August All of the mighty milk crusades with their aims for a pure, undefiled and germ free milk will go for naught if a "Swat the. Fly" campaign is not vigorously waged be forehand as well as simultaneously. You may have a milk so perfect that not a bac teria is in it, yet if thero be a fly about ready to pounce upon an infant's lips, on its bottle, nipple or tiny hands, then all the other anticipated precautions will havo been absolutely nullified. The rapid substitution of tho garage for the tables, cowsheds and barnyards has gone a long way to reduce the number of flies In American cities. Tho new city or dinances which require all garbage cans to be kept under cover, the dissemination ot knowledge among the public as to the In Jury from flies, the use ot fly traps, and the inoculation by the Government experts of parasites ot filed In order to destroy the insects by epidemics fatal to them, all of these schemes In conjunction with anti fly crusades by civic organizations should materially lengthen the life' of tho human race by a reduction of the number of files. Flies dlo off. And men survive; The more flies you kill The longer you're alive.