Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 13, 1913, PART ONE NEWS SECTION, Image 14
1 1 " 1 l The Omaha Sunday Bee Magazine Page 4 - 2 I Copyright. 1913, by the Star Company. Urent Britain Right Reserved. ft ft i. NOW 1 the Time to FIGHT THE HOUSEFLY FEW people glvo thought to tho dangers of the housefly during cold weather, when flies are not about the house, but as soon as tho warm weather sets In and these health-menacing pests begin to flock about tho place, people resort to screens and perhaps a fow traps or some sticky paper, and grumblo about tho files. There Is no more reason for waiting until files got Into the house before fighting them than thero Is reason to wait until the' house Is aflro before thinking of In suring It It will not be many days before tho fllos begin to flock into the homes, and It Is nono too soon to make prepara tions to repel these unsanitary and really dangerous InBect Invaders. Everyone knows the real danger of the housofly. It has been spread broadcast until thero la scarcely an intelligent community but what contains peoplo who know how the fly can carry all sorts of foul disease germs; how typhoid, tuberculosis and many other dread diseases even Infantile paralysis can be spread by tho files. And In a great many homes In most of them, in fact some efforts are made to keep those flies out The trouble Is, however, that tho fight Is not begun soon enough. Flies get into the house. This Is a sign that it Is time to put In tho window screens. As a mattor of fact this should not bo a sign to do this. The window screens should all be in place, and tho screen doors also, long before the flies arrive It is a good doal like locking tho stablo after the horse is stolen to wait for tho coming of the Dies before fighting them. It is so much easier Do Not Wait to DRIVE THEM OUT, Begin at Once to KEEP THEM OUT to keep them out than to drive them out Thore are actually scores of different things that ono can do to keep out flics and to destroy them, but tho time to got ready for thlB work Is now. Do not wait until the leaves aro out and the lawns greon, and the flowers In bloom; do not wait until the balmy days havo come, but havo your fly traps In readl noss now; havo your fly poisons in readiness; have your houso well screoned, and bo In readlnesa to anni hilate Mr. Deadly Fly the moment he attempts to poke his ugly, gorm-laden forefeet into your houso. If you have a stable, that should bo as carefully guarded against flies as your dining table and your kitchen. In fact, you should do more to keep flies from your stable, as they flock about such places and then come into your kitchen and walk across your food or fall Into your coffee ana till a, though un pleasant to talk about, happens quite fre quently, as everyone knowB. Now, the pad ded feet of the fly are the lurking places of all sorts of germs, with tho chances In favor of thero being ten deadly germs to one harmless germ, because files are attracted to places whero tho deadly gorms lurk. Fig. 1 Fio.2 bum, State Entomologist Has described in a leaflet and sent broadcast through tho country for tho benefit of all who will take advantago of it. It is known as the Minnesota Fly Trap, and has a record of catching twelve thousand UIob In one day on a' porch near a sta ble containing a fow horses. Tho cost of tho trap Is Iobs than fifty cents. It Is made of ordinary wlr6 net ting and a small amount of lumber. Mr. Washburn's description of how tho trap is made and record of what excellent results were secured are given below: "Tho upper oval part (c) serves as a receptacle which tho flies enter through the opening In the top of the middle portion (b) mad a' of screen and shaped like the roof of a houso. Under this- is the base board (a), upon which rest two tin bolt pans. All three parts are held together by the hooks at each end, a3 shown. Space between baseboard and middle portion (between a and b) about one-half inch, and between this and bait pans through which space flies enter pans, about one-fourth inch. Figure 1 shows a cross-section of the trap, tho arrows indi cating how the flies enter the bait pan and then as cend through tho 8-10 opening above into Sticky paper Is good as far as it goes. Be sure and havo some on hand the moment tho FIRST fly is seen in your home. A trap Is much better, and there should always be a fly trap In your kitchen. When tho first fly is soen It is not always possible to set tho trap, be causo so few people have them in readiness. That Is why it is important to prepare to flght the fly long be fore tho fly appears for his disease-spreading Summer visit with you. Probably ono of the best fly traps known was made by A. M. Bull, of the engineering division of the Minne sota' State Experiment Station, and which F, L. Wash- Fig. 1 Show Croit Section of the Minnesota Fly Trap. Fig. 2 Show General View. Explanation of Letter Will Bo Found in Text Twelve Thousand File Hare Been Caught in One Day in a Trap Like TfaU. the largo receptacle. Figure 2 shows a general view of tho trap. "We append herewith tho result of several days' use of the trap illustrated. These results were reported to the chief of this division by Mr. Dan Nelson, an em ploye, who was placed in charge of the traps, with di rections to keep a careful record of tho flies caught; dairy barn, one day, 1,700 flies; two days, 2,000 flies; dining hall, rear of building, two days, 3,000 flies; eame place, two days, 3,000; same place, five days, 13,000 flies; dairy barn, two days, 1,800 flies; dining hall, rear of building, threo days, 6,000 files; same place, three days, 6,000 flies; samo place, one day, 4,200 flics; on the back porch of a dwelling house not far from a stablo containing a fow horses, two days, 8,700 flies; same place, one day, 12,000 (twelve thou sand) fllea; same place, one and a half days, 18,800 (eighteen thousand eight hundred) flies." "Tho most Important thing In the use of this rather remarkable trap Is tho bait. Above all things, says Mr. Washburn, bo suro and use bread and milk for bait Be sure, also, and frequently renew this bait Always have it fresh. Never allow It to dry up,' for it then loses Its attractiveness. The best way to kill the trapped flies Is to immerse the top portion of the trap in boiling water; then destroy the dead flies by burn ing, thereby getting rid of all the germs that are on them. Destroying flies by fumigation and poisons are good methods, provided tho greatest care Is used In the fumigation and In tho handling of poisons. Oloso the kitchen at night after tho evening's work is finished, pour a teaspoonful of carbolic acid upon a tin cup placed on the floor, so the fumes will spread over the air surface as soon as possible. In the morn . lng, if your kitchen Is fairly tight, all the files In It will be dead and the acid fumbs will have disappeared. Cobalt Is sometimes used. It is efficient when poured in a plate and a cheese cloth laid in it, but it is ex tremely .dangerous and should not bo used If there aro children about tho home, as It Is poison. Common black- pepper and sugar heated until It dissolves, and poured on a plate, will kill flies, butlt Is far better to depond upon posltlvoly fly-proof screens at the doors and windows, cellar wlndowB and attic windows, and ocrccn doors in the cellar entrances or bulkheads, to gether with good traps like that described above, and only harmless things, that Is, things that are poison only to files. There is, really no need of using deadly poisons wlfon there are so many safe ways of gotting rid of the pests. Eternal vigilance may bo tiresome, but It will keep away flies, and it is better to bo vigilant and tired than dead because of some dread disease brought into tho home by the most dangerous of all insects the housefly. Why You SWING YOUR ARMS While You Walk IF you watch people walk you will note that nearly all of them movo their arms. If they walk elowly the movement of their arms is scarcely perceptible; If they walk rapidly their arms generally swing vigorously. Most poople bollove this swinging of the arms as they wllk is morely a natural sway ing motion caused by the movemont of tho body, just as tho tassel of an umbrella will Bwlng when one Is walking with it, but this is by no means tho reason. Tho swinging of the arms is natural enough, but thonaturo of it dates away back to those unknown days when man was a quadruped. Of course when man was a four-footed animal ho walked with his "arms" as well as his legs, and even to-day, after tho thousands upon thousands of generations that have passed since he assumed an upright position, every time he takes a stop his arm moves a trifle, involuntarily, as though desirous of taking a step In its turn, Just as it did when man, then four-footed, prancod up and down the earth. Many people can movo their oara a trifle, many can movo their scalps, and there is an abundance of hair scattered about our arms and logs, now useless, but still tho remnunts of tho abundant coating of hair that once kept our anthropoid ancestors warm. By keeping our minds upon it we can bold our arms nearly motionless when walking, but lot us hurry along, thinking of something else and our arms still swing, proclaiming our descent from ancestors who walked on four limbs that kopt timo togothor. How MEMORIES OF A MILLION YEARS Trouble Us By WILLIAM LEE HOWARD, M. D. YES, this Is all true things Impressed upon the mind stuff a million years ago aro still with us to trouble and worry many men and women. Every intelligent person knowB that we have reached our present physical condition and shape through a long process of evolution from the four-footed stage of existence. It Is stated by scientists that wo have over eighty rudimentary organs In our body which were of uso to us at one time, but about as much use to us now as a buggy whip is to an automobile. We cannot cast off these useless remnants not In many generations. However, they are gradually losing their" identity and will in time disappear. It Is necessary to get these facts clearly in the mind so that more important facts regarding the iem nants left in man's memory may be appreciated, then, we shall cease to worry about most of them. These aro fears, superstitions and peculiar psychic disturb ances which make life scarcely worth living for certain persons. Many of these troubles havo been treated as diseases of the mind and nervous system, when really they are nothing but remnants of normal acts and feel ings produced under a totally different mode of ex istence. Take, for instance, the fear of snakes. This is a fearful state of anxiety and horror in some persons. I have known it to cause a state of hysteria lasting for some time. Monkeys to-day show the same fear, but reasonably so, for serpents seek them for food. Now, when our ancestors were living among trees and their foliage, they had to keep a vigilant outlook for snakes, even In the trees, for these slimy foes could climb after their prey. They also would He in wait along tho snarled branches and suddenly shoot out their slnuoua neckB and heads and grab the unwary. This acute fear of snakes 1b one of the memories loft us &b a reminder of our past existence. There are people who cannot stay In open Bpaces without feeling uncomfortable, and a few really unable to do so at all, on account of a fear which they cannot explain. This state of the mind we call agoraphobia, and to overcome It ono has only to know its origin. In fact, most all of these unaccountable fears can be con quered by a knowledge of the! rcause and origin. Drugs and other medical treatment in ordinary caBes do. harm Just face tho facts and laugh at your old ape grand mother when you picture her running and shrieking from branch to branch to escape the snake, or perhaps rushing to the covering of tho forest from an open field where she was searching for ground nuts. Tho farther away from the shelter of dark woods, the greater was the danger to our ancestors, bo that, In open places, they were always timid and fearful. They could not 'escape their onemlea, sabre-toothed tigers and other beasts, by running upright; their agility was at Its height when climbing and swinging from tree to tree. So, you see, that this fear oftopen places comes directly down and Js nothing to worry about It meanB nothing In the way of mind trouble, only that you have Inherited a fear from good causes and havo not had an insight to its real meaning. Proving the Actual VALUE OF PERSISTENCY P--?HROUQHOUT. life there are a great many traits I and characterises that go to mark the business man, some have faithfulness, others determina tion, others energy, and so on. But to actually deter mine tho relative value of these characteristics is a most unusual proceeding, and one that reflects great merit upon the man who did this. In his remarkable book, "How to Get and Keep a Job," Nathaniel C, Fowler, Jr., has made quite plain tho actual value of persistency. He did this by talking with or writing to two hundred ninety-eight American men who iiad made a groat buccobb in life, a success that put them really in tho leadership of their class of work, whether it wero trade, business or profession, Mr. Fowler's question was alike to each one of these men. It was "To what ono thing, or to what two or three things, do you attribute your success?" New Art Palace of New York (Contlnuad from Preceding Page.) hi. Thnmmt TAwrtmca! & "Portrait of a Lady," by Sir Henry Raoburn, a Theodore Rosseau and a Jakob Maris. This bouse has always been noted for Its dealings in the works of the Barblzon school, -which once held an unrivalled place In the affections of American con noluaeura. In recent years Americans have grown very fond of the English eighteenth century masters because they make such splendid decorations for our greaj. new houses. In harmony with this development of taste, the Knoedlera have lately bought the works of Sir Joshua Reynolds and bis companions as assldu jualy as they have always bought those of the Barbl zon school. They have also a remarkaly fine collection of tho Dutch and Flemish schools. The Italian old masters, co, are well represented among their treasures. This great establishment can otter to the conolssour masterpieces by Veronese, Corregsio, Lulni, Bellini, Bordone. Palma, Peruglno, Tintoretto and Quardl; by Pieter da Hooch, Ruysdael Van Dyck, Hobbema, Metsu and Tonlers; by Nattier, Rtgaud, Fragonard and Bou cher; by Ia'nsborough, Hoppner, Raeburn, Lawrence ind Romney; by Corot Rousseau, Daubigny and Diaz. It is a peculiarity of the great art dealers that they will not reveal to everybody all that they have. The modern American collector is attracted to the dealer's 8tablUhment by the possibility that forgotten treas-- are hidden tier. When all those replies were rounded up and tabu lated Mr. Fowler found that persistence led the list. That the ability to persistently stick to their task, whether it was selling cabbagos or finding new microbes, was what made them successful was the claim of sixty six of these men. This Is the manner In which the author tabulated his list: PERSISTENCY, stlck-to-lt-iveness, and constancy.. 66 Application 69 Hard work, eto .64 Industry 28 Fulthfulnes ',...22 Concentration 20 Earnest desire to Bucceed 10 Dtllgenco v- .14 Determination 8 Energy 8 Total 2S8 ( This shows, not only that persistency is the most valuable thing for a man to have who would succeed, -but that those characteristics which are closely allied with it such as constant hard work and application, are a close second in value. To the young man who would honestly succeed, then, the first thing to tell him Is "Be persistent" The writer explains that he came In contact with thousands of suc cessful business men, men who were, in the common phrase, "self-made," men who achieved something worth while through tholr own efforts, not through capital inherited or otherwise given them, and that he found every one of these men to b persistent. Nearly all these men selected their walk in life be fore they reached maturity, before they were out of their "teens," and that by sticking persistently to their plans they built up successes for themselves. The Way to PREVENT GERM DISEASE in Mind and Body WE shall hear as Spring arrives much about "swat the fly." So much has been written about the fly and other germ carriers that it Is well understood how the diseases so Injurious to man and his neighbors spread and destroy. So far we have gained much In understanding that if we can destroy, or keep out of our systems, disease germs, there is no reason why we should not live and do good work way beyond a hundred years. But "swatting the fly" and killing other germ carrying insects will be of little avail Just a local preventative. Wo must destroy the breeding places of the carriers. This means that Instead of offering school children prizes for a barrel of dead files, they should be taught how and where they breed. Offering prizes for the discovery of these places Is the thing to do. Then the proper authorities will destroy . them. It is the small cities and country towns that menace the health. Here are to be found old manure heaps, deserted vaults, stagnant pools and other opportunities for the breeding of germ carriers. These places destroyed and never again allowed to exist, and we are on our wav to llvft for a rnntiirv'it wnrlrovoi. - .. ' - w.wj uua Ul UD. Why MILK BOTTLE CAPS Should Be Improved Whkn douios were nnany generauy adopted in place of the moro danger oub tin cans, aftor volumes of printed artlclos and thousands of speeches clamoring for this change, It was believed that about everything possible had been done to safe guard tho consumer as far as milk receptacles were, concerned. There was some trouble with tho cardboard caps, owing to the diffi culty of getting them out without squirting milk all over tho premises, but little pointed lifters wero mado for this, and then the caps were made with a little tab to take hold of. It Is this tab which seems to be the great bother, although there Is danger In the plain round carboard capa also, for It Is impossible to lift ono of these caps from the bottle quite evenly, due to the little groove in the neck of the milk bottle made purposely to keep it in place. In the restaurants all the year round, and in the delivery teams and freight cars In Summer, these bottles of milk are packed in cases something like beer cases, and, to keep the milk, cracked Ice or large ice cakes are placed over the tops of the cases. As every, ono knows, there is a considerable quantity of dirt In Ice, especially where It is used In this manner, and when the bottle of milk Is brought Into the home or set upon the table In thousands of restaurants where milk is served individually in such bottles there is always to be found a little water and a little dirt tiny black specks from the melted lw, and possibly other foreign matter that has fallen Into tho cardboard cap, for the top of the bottle forms a cup which holds such dirt. Now the danger comes in removing these caps. You cannot lift It straight up, whether you pry It out with the tine of a fork or lift one up by the little tab (A). One edge must come up first Now, with a little water ' on tho top containing particles of dirt and no one (A) Tab to Lift Cap. (B) Where the Dirty Water Col lect. (C) How the Dirty Water Run Into Your Milk When the Cap I Lifted Up. , knows Just what sort of foreign matter (B), the moment this cap Is lifted up it all runs oft the edge (C) and Into your milk! Perhaps If peoplo would always stop and soak up all the moisture carefully from the top of tho cap with a napkin, and wipe It carefully, this might be avoided; but very fow people will stop or bother to do this, as In the home the maid Is In a hurry an yanks the cap out of the bottle as speedily as possible. Invariably tho result Is that, no matter how clean your milk was, you have dumped not only dirty water from melted Ice Into It, but this water has slid along with It and carried into your milk a number of particles of dirt and thus the whole milk Is contaminated. It does not necessarily follow that deadly germs are always thus slid into your milk, but there is always the chance of some of this dirt on the paper cap being extremely dangerous. What is needed now is some sort of cap or covering for milk bottles that will slip Into position neatly and quickly without the need of workmen's thumbs Jamming it down, and especially without the danger of dumping a little dirt Into your milk every time you remove the cap. Apparently, here is an op portunity for some clever Inventor to perfect a cap for milk bottles that will be absolutely sanitary. Ab yet there seems to be no such cap at least not in tho average restaurant and home have any milk bottles been found with such caps. The same precautions need to bn tnkAn v onMi individual as regards his body. No dirt should be permitted to stay inside or outside; especially In side. Over-fatnesa allows body pollution because it crowds and hinders free action of the little and big sewerage of the whole body. Congestion of the liver Is one result rheumatism of thev Joints is another and "colds in the head" are often only an effort of nature to rid the system of inflammatory products due to some I stoppage of a tiny set of canals or ducts. Innamma-' tlon of the tonsils follows a lethargic system, and ' then the germs always In the air find a perfect breed ing place. Under these conditions men loses much of his recuperative powers and breaks down long befor his time. Constantly clean up the body; then gernui find ns nests In which to breed. Tho trees and shrubi. in the. Spring have to get the Bap to their upmost branches. They do it by swaying, bending and twisting with the Spring winds. That twisting and bending expands and compresses the Inner fibres of the limbs and so force the sa pto every tiny ending. You can do the same by twisting and bending every morning for a few minutes. This sends the fluids of the body even to the finger ends and eliminates the poisonous ma terial. It reduces extra fat sends rich blood to stagnant spots and keeps for ever a Spring-like con dition of all the tissues. But most important of all is a clean mind. The mind stuff can be polluted by a certain form of germ; evil thoughts, malicious Intentions, misuse of intel lectual activities. Get them out by putting in good thoughts, instructive reading, informative material, proper ambitions. We do not know, not one of us, the power that lies In a healthy mind because we so seldom have It free from Injurious thought germs. We are commencing to understand, and what the future man will even tually evolve from an unhampered mind Is unknown I believe It will be some sort of an insight into the future existence.