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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 22, 1913)
Tim BKK: OMAHA, SATrRDAY, MAIK'H 22, 1010.
BUILDING TUNNELS IN ALPS
TakcV Expert Engineering Skill and
WORK ON THE SIMPLON TUBES
THE STORE OF THE TOWti
Are You in the Market
A Good Piano?
If so, you're just the party we
want to talk to, especially if you're
a judge of piano quality.
The first thing that impresses a
stranger on visiting our salesroom is the
immense number of instruments on the floor. Second,
they nre surprised to learn that they are not dupli
cates excepting in case of different designs in the same
make. Third, they will find the prices much lower
than the same or equal quality instruments can be pur-Chased-
There's a reason for this; viz: Wo own the Pianos
buying direct from tho manufacturer for cash thus
wo can afford to sell for considerably leas than tho
Our Great March Sale
Ccitiiies Saturday ui All Next Wik
Here's some special bargains in New and Used
Pianos you should not fail to see Saturday.
1 Steger $175
1 Steiriway $275
1 Wioler $140
1 Emerson $175
1 Cable & Nelson. . .$175
"1 Hardman $175
1 Kimball $125
1 A Gray .$50
1 Vose&Son $125
Be Arranged to
BURROWING UNDER THE DEAD
lubwnr Under n (Jrnvrynrd la the
ttrt Thriller In Ncir
One hundred nnd fifty-three yearn ago
December ), 17Q9, to bo exact they
burled In St. Paul's churchyard ceme
tery, at Vesey nnd Church streets. Now
York City, Jamea Davis, "late smith ot
tho Royal Artillery." He was a com
paratively young man aged 39 years and
much beloved by his associates.
They placed his body In the grave
hftt had been allotted by those who had
.ho right of sepulchre arrangement and
"Ashes to ashe and dust to dust,
sleep there until resurrection morning,
go6d soul. No longer will the noUe ut
battle or the tumult of busy life disturb
oUr quiet. Vou are at rest forever."
That was 153 year ago seven yearn
before the Declaration of Independence
was signed when colonial gallants and
uu oii.nq Ajuuipio
atp ujojj dos x; snf
'SJOJOD poo) 'JJUS
JO 3J3J JBfJ
UOpJOQ 3ip OJ
dames paraded Church street and verily
believed that & burial In St Paul's
meant the quiet rest of their clay un
disturbed by life's busy hum.
How little, they dreamed then ot .ho
growth ot New York has been proved
again and again by their faded letters
and memoirs, showing confidence that
their Colonial city, while It might In
crease, would not attain the area and
mngnlflecnco' that was Its rcstlny.
nut even could their Imaginations
have pictured the expansion of the won
derful municipality, by no sort of nee
rornacy could they , have been able to
realise the Innovation that will take
place within the next few months.
This Is whit they would not have'' been
able to have understood:
"Thundering under pie grave of James
Davis and scores of others where they
were placed for their eternal sleop there
wll shortly speed -great ten-car trains
ot the new Ilroadway-Lexlngton ave
nue subway line now under construe
tlon. "These trains. wU be near a busy
switching point and will pass under
the graves In two tubes. There will be
but twelve feet of earth from the top of
masonry to tho coffin bottoms. All day
long thousands and thousands of the
living wilt pass under the dead. AH night
long oven at midnight, tho most solemn
hour tho Imagination has for tho In
habitants of graveyards the wheels of
tho trains will roll their human freight
with many a rattle and roar under the
bodies of those whose bones mlaht nl
most be expected to rattle because ot
the constant Jar. New York Bun.
Kinrft-ri nn Atrfnt Toll of llnninn
I.ttc nnd Thru, Aftrr TnUlnnr
Vrnrs of Time, Cost Vnst
Sum of Money.
A Shootlnir Scrape
with both parties wounded, demands
Buoklen's Arnica Salve. Heals wounds,
sores, burns, bolls, cuts or piles. Only Kc.
For sale by Beaton Drug Co.-Advcrtlse-menft.
Persistent Advertising Is the ltoad to
H OR LICK'S
Orlgtaf and SrMutar
Tfci FiwI-aVWc it All kgu.
Mere healthful than Tea or Coffee.
Ajree with the weakest digestion.
Dwdout, invigorating and nutritious.
Rtch rrelk. malted gram, powder form.
A sptkk hack frtffl k a MMtt.
Tafc m adUitste. A4c it HOftLICK'S.
Others arm imitation.
A singed cat dreads an open-faced
It's a poor road that can't acquire a
An ounce of done Is worth more than
a ton of glng to do.
'It doesn't take a very big compliment
to swell a small head. r -
No great length of time Is required to
give a young doctor a wise look.
Two young people no ruoner fall In
love than they begin to fall out.
This Is hustling age and tho lunch
counter habit will help you to hurry
It takes the average man half as long
to get hot under the eollar as It does
Id oool oft.
When a girl meets a young man after
her own heart she hopes that he will
ask tor her hand.
It takes a clever man to sidetrack a
widow who has made up her mind to
annex him. and he must be hard-hearted,
too. Chicago News.
titer Notice That
You don't need legal knowledga to sue
for u girl's hand.
You don't -need to be a sprinter to run
You don't need a make-up box to make
up your mind.
You don't need to be quarrelsome to
strike a bargain. 1
You don't need to be a carpenter to nail
a He. , ". .
You don't need to bq strong to break
You d(n t nert a, set of surgical Instru
ments to operate on Wall street Boston
II II. II. JUIKP5TONK.
The Alps are the dividers ot the Eu
ropean nations, separating tho countries
of France, Italy and Germany from one
another by a ring of mighty mountains,
In the hollow of which lies Switzerland.
To the railway engineer they presented
a formidable barrier, blocking his path
with an obstacle that, Until a few years
ago. It was thought Impossible to sur
mount. Eventually, however, he suc
ceeded, and today the Alps are pierced
by several wonderful tunnels, the building
of which has demanded fio small amount
of engineering skill and Ingenuity, as
well as much patience and no little hard
ship. mltttng a through railway communication
between Paris and Turin, In Italy. It
Is seven and a half miles long, took
thirteen years to make, and entailed an
expenditure of about $15,000,000. It at
once revolutionized travel from France
and England to Italy. Indeed, Its succes
was so great that It was decided to build
another, the fit. Oothard tunnel, giving
direct railway communication between
llerlln nnd Italy, through, of course,
Switzerland. Although some two miles
longer thari the Mont Cenls project, It
was built In ten years at a cost ot
Other tunnels In the Alps Include the
Ardclburg enterprise, six and a half
miles In length, giving railway access
between Switzerland and Austria; the
Tatlcern Minnel, five and a quarter miles
In length, opened In January, 1909; and
the more wonderful of alt, however Is
the Slmpion tunnel from Brlgue to Isclle,
a dlntanro of twelve and a half miles,
the longest tunnel In the world, being
more than twice the length ot the Central
Cnlla far Grrnt Skill.
No branch of engineering calls for
greater skill and more resourcefulness
than that of -driving a tunnel through a
great mountain. To make: sure of the
headings meetings, tho engineer must not
put tool to rock until all his calculations
havo been made most carefully by com
pass and theodolite, and verified time
after time. To deal with the water
springs possibly lurking In the mountain's
heart he must drive the tunnel on a ris
ing gradient to the center, a much more
complicated feat than a perfectly rectili
The Slmpion Is what Is termed a double
tunnel. Thcro are two parallel tunnels
ftfty-slx feet apart from center to center,
one for each track. At present only one
tunnel Is finished and In use; but the
gallery for the other was driven right
through and connected at Intervals with
the first by cross headings to assist In
the transportation ot the materials and
tho ventilation ot tho workings.
Ilefore boring operations began, a mo.t
thorough survey of the pass and the sur
rounding peaks was made, to determine
the direction ot the tunnel. At each end
was fixed a sighting point from which
a project the center line forward. This
part of the work was so accurate that
the error In direction amounted to but
eight Inches In tho twelve nnd a half
miles, and tlmt of level, to but three, and
a holf Inohes. The calculated length of
the tunnel was within half an Inch of
the actual length.
Must Drill ThroaKh Solid Itock.
Cutting through a mountain of this de
scription is nothing moro than boring ft
hole through solid rock, nnd for this pur
pose the very latest rock-drllllng ma
chines wcro requisitioned. Mounted upon
a trolley .and operated by a muter they
were driven forward right up to the face
of the rock, or heading, and then set to
work. Each drill demanded the services
of two men. one to regulate the motor
and tho other to direct the tool. Tho
drills used were certainly very powerful,
capable of making a hole in solid rock
thirty-nine Inches deep In about twenty
seconds. From ten to twelve holes wero
bored In that way, distributed over the
face of the drift, work which occupied
about two hours.
The holes were then carefully cleared
out and the dynamite cartridges, fusca
and detonators Inserted and the bottim
of the heading covered with a nuvahle
stiel flooring to facilitate the clenrlirf
away of the debris. Immediately alter
the explosion five Jets of water wera
played upon tho rock to lay the dust am
clear the air, and the roof and side walls
oxauilned with picks to discover any
loose and dangerous fragments. The into
of advance In a drift with a section of
fifty-nine square feet averaged about
eighteen feet a day.
Take Special Apparatus.
Work hadviot advanced far beforo sps
clal apparatus had to be Installed tu In
sure proper ventilation. During tho 1on
Ing of tho St. Oothard tunnel no fewer
than SCO of the workmen died, malnlv
.through the lack of proper ventilation und
means or Keeping down the dust rain-.) by
the drills. In the Slmpion tunnel the ar
rangements for ventilation were excel
lent, twenty-rive cubic feet of fresh air
being supplied to the workmen for ivory
foot blown into the Ht. Oothard. The cur
rent was strong enough to take a man's
hat off, and as for dust, It was kept
down In the manner alread described.
During the eight years of work .on tho
SlrtiplOn only sixty men lost their lives
from all causes.
Ih the heart of the mountains tu. tem
perature Is much higher then that of the
outside atmosphere, the heat increasing
with tho depth of the rock overhead Tro
maximum rock temperature 133 degrees
Fahrenheit-was encountered In the 81m
plon tunnel, at a point about 7,000 teet
below 'the summit of the mountain. This
would have made things Intolerable for
the workmen hud It not been tempered by
huge quantities of cool air driven by tana
through largo pipes up to the face and oy
water sprays from pipes Jaoketed with
charcoal lb provent the water becoming
heated during Its passage up the tunnel
llorluir nt Moth Ends.
Boring, of course, was commenced
simultaneously from both ends, the Swiss
and Italian sides of the mountain. Work
""mo boh stratum was encount-
erec, wnicn gav the engineers consider
able anxiety. The heavy Umbering, which
was first erected, and which was thought
would be sufficient to maintain an open
wus crusnea like so much
This was then removed and steel girders
and Iron plates erected, but even ihl,
yielded under tho heavy pressure of the
surrounding; roolc. in the end the dlffl
culty was got over by filling the iron
plates with a qulck-settlng cement.
mm mm mm
Wash Suits for
Wo've a grand col
lection Just opened
to view and the kind
that a dip In the
tub will brl gh t e n
and make appear as
fresh and new as
$1 te $10
IN POINT OF STYLE AND SERVICE
Our Clothes "Overshadow All Ofeers"
From the sheep's back to yours the
various processes of cloth and clothes
manufacture receives the critical and
ever vigilant inspection of "Our Own"
experienced workman in our own modern work
shops no detail, however small, escapes them,
and with our 60 years of superior clothes making
we are today
Greater and Grander than Ever
Clothes today about make the man because the man who
does not make a good appearance in dress is badly handi
capped.. Clothes are the all important part of a man's make
up, and that's where
We Come In t ' .
Our English and American models of Spring Suits are splendid speci
mens of modern tailoring. Handsome and correct and our Easter display is
a rare treat for those who want style and durability at a moderate cost.
Our $20.00, $22.50 and $25.00 Suits
For Men and Young Men and Prime Favorites.
. We've fitted out so many
boys, and havo hud so much
boys' clothing experience that
we've learned the trick of hav
ing Just the fort of clothes
the boys want.
Alp the now styles that nre
right up to the mark
$5 to $15
Easter Hats and Heads
WE HAVE THE HATS
THE HEADS ARE YOURS.
But it will bo to our mutual interests to
put them toBother. You'll hear men say
and we bollovo It's true that Browning-King
& Co. have the only real showing of hats In
town. Be it so or not, wo are ready with all
the new styles and colorings to satisfy every
demand $3.00 to S5.00.
Our lint Windows explain the whole story.
Boys' and Children's Headwear in Felt, Cloth
is different from the kinds that staro you in the face
the mtjment you enter most stores. Our lines of J50
Easter Neckwear beats anything ovor sold in town
for tho money.
We've an Easter Shirt for you at SI. 50 S2 S2.50
That will please you to perfection.
Come hero for your Easter Gloves and got the best
at St. 50 to S2.25
HandBomo new styles in Cotton. Silk and Lisle Hosl
.ery. Just the thing for New Oxfords
at 25d 35d 50d
Anything that's new in fixings will be found at
Browning, King & Co.
GEO. T. WILSON, Mgr. Douglas at Fifteenth Street
further strengthened by thick masonry
' As''a 'result of this delay the fewlss Bot
weljjfl.ahead, of Ahelr- Italian (rivals, una
reached the center Joint wfille the latter
were still working their way uphill. In
Ortler to savo time, they decided to drive
tho galleries downhill towards Italy to
meet the other party. Then they unfor
tunately tapped some extremclv lint
springs which compelled them to retire
auer having-strong Iron doors In tho
headings to hold back tho water,
csled that the completion of the tunnel
wns impossible. Hut the Italians pushed
on, and at lust listeners In tho Swiss
heading -heard their drilling machines nt
work, though half a mile of rock re
mained to bo' penetrated. Hopes revived.
Then the Italians met tho hot springs
that had given tho Swiss so much trouble,
and In spite of all efforts to keep down
tho temperature by mixing cold water
with the hot, work on the main tunnel
had to bo suspended. Things certainly
looked serious, but the engineers xefuspd
to glvo In. They now turned their atten
tion to the second tunnel, which runs
parallel with the -first, hnnlntr that ihm-
would be ablo to gel round the flank of
the springs. In this they were successful.
After boring the second tunnel for some
distance they drove a cross heading
toward tho route of the first tunnel, and
In this way got behind the springs, and
ultimately were able to loosen the pent
up water. , The meetings of the heading
ai once proved the accuracy with which
the work had been executed, hut it
lacked the fervor of delight usual on
such occasions, ns In this case It was a
meeting of miners on nnn nldn nnd hnt
water on the other. This last 200 odd
ynrus 01 me gallery had occupied nearly
six months In execution owing to the un
precedented difficulties encountered.
Ily a noteworthy coincidence hie Slm
pion tunnel was opened almost exactly
100 years after the completion by Na
poleon of tho military road over the
Slmpion pass the first to promote tho
Interests of peace and civilization, and
the second was to make easier the pas
sage of Invading armies.
The tunnel took eight years to con
struct, and cost Ji6.000.000, or $740 per yard
run. Home 3,740,000 holes were drilled by
hand and machine 1.496 tons of dynamite
exploded, and 1,399,000 cubic yards of rook
excavated. Hy means of this tunnel
Milan has been brought within twenty
five and a halt hours of Ixndon.
TEST OF ROAD MATERIALS
Twenty-Thrc Different Surfaces
Tried Out in Knuland In Six
When this section of tho corn belt gets
ready for real roud-bulldlng some guiding
facts can be had from "The Trial of
Hoad Materials at Sid cup, Kent, Eng
land." a pamphlet report Issued by the
road board of Loudon. The report gives
the results of sixteen months of heavy
traffic over specimen lengths of twenty
three different kinds of road surface laid
down by- the ' Kent' county council and
contractors by arrangement with the
road board on the New Kltham-Sldoup
road. It also shows a great increase In
the proportion ot motor vehicles on this
muoh-frequented highway near London
since the summer of 1910. Great differ
ences in original cost and wearing quali
ties developed in these twenty-three con
tiguous sections during that period. Borne
had to be practically rei M aced before
the end of the observations last Novem
ber, while others showed little or no
wear and required no repairs or those of
the most trifling character only. The
highest price a superficial yard was 9s
3d and the lowest 2s. The various sur'
face materials used were as follows:
Ordinary water-bound granite mac
alam( tho same tarred by painting, B.lh
gle pitch grouted macadam, doublo pitch
grouted macadam laid and consolidated
In two layers, Durax armored paving,
macadam tieatcd with Plascom, "Cpr
mastlk," tar macadam, laid in three dif
ferent wayb; tar slag macadam, "Tar
mac," "Iloadoleum" asphalt, "Uocmac,"
roadamant, "I.lthomac"' asphalt paving,
"I'ltchmnc," natural asphalt matrix,
asphalt' macadam, Trinidad asphalt mac
adam, three-Inch coating, and the same
with a one-Inch wearing surface on three
inches of nsphattla concrete.
Of these sui'faces, Durax armored pav
ing required no repairs from July 8, 1911,
to November, 1912. It showed a wear in
depth of surface ot .25 ot an Inch ,ln
twelve months, was "good nnd not slip
pery" In winter and fairly free from dust,
but comparatively noisy under lr'on-tlrcd
wheels In summer, required llttlo scav
enging, and cost 7s 6d a superficial yard.
ThW roadway Is composed of granite
cubes from seven to nine centimeters In
slzo, giving a finished depth of paving of.
about three and one-half Inches. The
grouting mixture Is composed ot coal
tar pitch tempered with crcsote oil or
tar, into which has been stirred about 30
per cent offlne dried sand.
The section thus surfaced Is not among
those termed In the report "quite one of
the best," however. Those distinguished
In this way are the two forms of Trinidad
asphalt macadan mentioned above, one
costing 4s 6d per yard, and tho Other
7s Cd, and showing respectively no wear
and .1 Inch wear In twelve months,
"rithmac," or pltch-groutcd matfadnm,
costing Cs Sd a yard, and showing .26
Inch weart tar mncadam costing 4s Id a
yard and showing wear of hut .06 Inch,
and "Tarmac," costing 3s 8Hd a yard
and showing .27 Inch wear. A section
described ns "good throughout tho year"
Was of double pitch-grouted .macudHm,
cost 5s 7',d a yard, and showed nn aver
age depth of wear of .08 Inch, and an
other similarly described, cost 4s Id n
yard and had but .04 Inch wear in twelve
Tho composition of these lasting .sur
faces ot pitch-grouted macadam, such us
tho- last referred to, is given as Ilorufell
or Klvan from Cornwall, GO per cent of
two and one-halt Inch to. one and onc
quarter Inches, and 5 per cent of clip
pings from the same stone varying from
three-fourths to three-eighths of an Inch'.
The binder of pitch Is used to the extent
of two to two and one-fourth gallons a
Tho showing made by several of the
road surfaces which gave the best satis.'
faction gains significance from mo great
amount of traffic passing over this
stretch of highway. In August of last
year tho nverage number of vehicles a
day was 2,292, Including hand carts and
animals, and tho average weight In tons
tor each yard width of carriageway pjr
day was 60S. A comparison ihows tho
great Increase In motor traffic In two
years. Thus, In September, 1910, the aver,
age numbered a day was 322.51, while in
August, 1912, It had nearly doubled, be
ing 633.5. in the samo period the number
of horse-drawn vehicles per day tell from
454.2 to 3S6.6. A comparison In average
tons for tho whole width of roidway a
day shows an Increase, from 2,618 to 3,bli,
or, approximately, 41 per cent.
In the body of the report the following
reference to the value of the experiment
'The selected road was one which sub.
Jected the trial surfaces to a very Bevere
test, and It s evident that tho sur
facing under trial on most of the sec
tions would not, having regard to Us
cost, be suitable for ordinary country
roads without considerable modification.
But tho behavior of the materials and
methods used In these trials gives valu
able guidance as to their strength and
durability, and their relative vamo, evei
for' roads carrying a light volumo of
ti attic, can be approximately judged
from their behavior under tho severo
conditions at Sldcup. It should
bo noted that the cost per squnre yard
Is the amount paid to tho contractors
for small lengths laid under expensive
conditions and cannot, therefore, be us.l
us Indicating the cost of laying the va
rious materials In large quantities under
average commercial conditions.
The Sldcup scheme as carried out in
eludes a total length of carriageway ot
2,490 lineal yards and n superficial area
of 18,420 square yards."
A Cold, Ln Grippe, Then Puptimonla.
Is too often the fatal sequence. I. a
Grippe coughs hang on, weaken the sys
tem, and lower tho vital resistance. It. a.
Collins, Postmaster, Barnegal, N. J.,
says: "I was troubled with a severe La
Grippe cough and was completely ex
hausted after each fit of violent coughing.
Before I had taken one half of a bottle
of Foley's Honey and Tar Compound, tho
coughing spells had entirely ceased. I
wish to say It can't bo beat. All others
aro Imitations. For sale by, all dealers
The Persistent and Jud'clous Use of
Newspaper jVdvcrtlslng Is the Roud to
Business Success. '
In the last session ot congress the
democrat.) ot the house had a fierce
quarrel ns to whether they should au
thorize the building of two battleship-,
one battleship, or no battleships. Anion?
thoso who wanted two ships, but h 1
decided that It was Impossible to get
them, was an Irish member from Ohio.
Expressing Ills displeasure, he wept us
"The party la about to ruin ItseJf over
this naval program, but I suppose ' II
have to stand for It. I've been a demo
crat all my life, and I hope to die one
If I live." Popular Magazine.
Straighten That Lame Back
There's too much suffering
among older folks from nehy,
stiff, lnme backs, distressing
urinary disorders, weak eyes,
dropsy and rheumatic joints.
Those nre signs -of' kidney
weakness, which, in youth or
age, poisons the blood, disor
ders the urine and lames the
limbs or back.
There's help for weakened
kidneys. Doan's Kidney Pills
have brought relief to thou
sands. Here's Omaha testi- WTOW
mony. Every Picture Tells a
Testimony of a Resident of
F. A. Anderson, shoemaker,
1912 Ames Ave., Omaha, Neb.
says: "I gave a public state
ment recommending Doan's
Kidney Pills, just after they
had cured me of kidney trou
ble and I am pleased to con
firm it now. 1 don't know what
started the pain in my back,
but it was certainly very bad.
It felt as if someone were stab
bing me with a knife. Four
boies of Doan's Kidney Pills
Story" removed the trouble."
"When Your Back is LameRemember the Name"
DOAN'S KIDNEY PILLS
Seii by a Dwte&Ll'rice 50 cents. Foster-Miborn Co, Buffalo, ft Y, Proprietor
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