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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 9, 1913)
PAGES ONElfb TWELVE.
VOL. XLII-NO. 38.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, MAKCII fl, lOlS-SIfiVKN SECTIONS SIXTY-TWO PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
HJERTA CHARGES A
PLOT TO BRING ON
WAR TO MADEROS
General Says His Predecessor Made
Systematic Attempt to Arouse
WILL PUBLISH HIS LETTERS
Gunboats Ordered to Prevent Land
ing of Marines at Vera Cruz.
CLOSING IN ON CARRANZA
Decisive Battle is Expected Sunday
AMNESTY BILL IS DEBATED
Vroposttlnn to Grunt Full Puriton to
All Political Offenders Meet
rrltli Some Opposition In
MEXICO CITY. March 8. it was, an
nounced toda that Provisional President
lluerta Is considering the advisability uf
making public the official correspondence
of the closing days of .the Madtro udnuu
Ihlratlon, with the object of showing that
the late president made strenuous efforts
to Incite anti-American sentiment
throughout the republic.
Among the alleged orders given by Ma
dero during the last week of his rule Is onu
which directs the officers of the Mexican
gunboats lying In the port of Vera Una
"to' fire Immediately" on the American
marines If an attempt Is made to land
forces from the United States war ve--sels,
"paying no regard to the express!
purpose of the American naval command
ers merely to protect foreigners." The
execution of such orders uould havo
meant the suicide of the Mexican naval
forces, as a single shell from the battle
ship Georgia, then lying only 300 yards
distant, would have been sufficient to
destroy the Mexican gunboats. It la also
asserted that the official files show that
u few days before his capture Francisco
Madero in desperation telegraphed to the
state governors and jefes politico
throughout the .republic tnt.tns thai
American marines had landed at Vera
Cruz, and this foreign-Invasion demanded
the loyalty of all Mexican citizens. The
-government may also publish the orders
given by Francisco Madero to General
Jiuerta, then commander of trie federal,
forces. These orders are said to Include
instructions to dynamite all the pubilo
and private buildings between the na
tional palace and -the arsenal.
-'.. Closing In- on Cqrrnnxn.
Throe cblumns ot the regular army
and 2,000 odhe'renta of Pascual Orozeo are
closing- In on Venusttano Carrairia, the
rebel governor of Cbahulla, according to
Official dispatches today. A decisive bat
tle Is expected Sunday near Mbncluva,
unless Carranza manages to escape over
thj border. t
The reported arrival of Alfonso Madero
at Washington, where It Is said the de
tails of the former Madero conspiracy
were developed, has been called to the
attention of the Mexican cabinet. It is
said the Washington government will be
asked to exercise extraordinary precau
tions In order to prevent professional
revolution makers in the United States
from participating In the plans of tho
fugitives who are declared to be anxious
It was reported today that tho Southern
Pacific railroad has transferred all Its
rolling stock from Sonora to Nogales and
hus annulled the train service.
Dr. Rafael Cepeda, etc-governor of the
state of San I.uls Potlosl, was today of
ficially accused of looting the bank of
the city of San Luis Potosl of 10,000 pesos
(Continued on Page Six.)
to Aban&qn Flying
CHICAGO. March S.r-Llncoln Beachy.
the aviator, said last tflgft that he would
never fly again, profeslpnally. Beachey
holds himself Indlrcctlyilresponslble for
the death of several aviators andfeloLjuZed and tle police tried hard to keep
this as his reason for giving up flying.
son for giving up flylng.' -
"I have defied death at every1 oppor
tunity In the. last two years'," he said.
"I have been a bad Influence and the
death of a number of young aviators In
this country can be traced, I believe, to
a desire to emulate me In my foolishly
daring exploits In the air."
WALL STREET EMPHASIZES
LOBBY AGAINST TAX BILL
NEW YORK, March 8. Walters, ele.
.yator men, telephone operators, ban
V.esBengers, telegraphers and clerks n
the financial district are engaged In a
crusade, the like of which Wall street
has never seen. It is directed against
Governor Bullet's bills affecting the stock
exchange, and In particular the bill to
rulse from 12 to 84 the state tax on the
transfer of ownership of each 1W shares
Members of the stock exchange say
such a measure would Seriously reduce
the amount of trading on the exchange,,
which already Is at a low point, ani;
among the 20,000 wage earners In t-j'
neighborhood of Wall street there Is gen-'
oral alarm unless many of them be
thrown out of work.
After the stock exchange members had
-done what they could In the way of pra
testlng to Governor Sulzer, their em
ployes took up the fight and are button
holing politicians and members of the
legislature, writing letters and circulat
ing petitions which are to be sent to Al
bany. A telephone operator on the floor of
the stock exchange, who Is one of the
captains f the newly-organized army of
Wall street wage earners, said today at
least 20.000 signatures to one of the pejl
tlons would be obtained.
A committee is to be sent , to Albany
for the hearing on the bills before a legis
lative committee Wednesday. The . size
ot the committee depends upon the num.
ber of volunteers, for each man U to pay
hbj own expenses.
WATER BOARDERS ACT1YE
Still Working Overtime to Push the
HOWELL TAKES DAY AT HOME
Or Kin of llonril Still Ilnsy I.nmltnnt
Inpr Members Who Seem to
Short- Little Interest In
(From a Staff Correspondent).
LINCOLN. March 8. (Special). Two
bills, one of which Is of great Impor
tance to the state at large, and both of
which materially effect Omaha will be
acted upon Monday night by the house
committee on cities and towns. Affect
ing the state generally is Senate File 17
known as the Omaha water district bill.
Of Interest only to Omaha Is a bill by
the Douglas county delegation providing
that the city commissioners shall submit
to ft vote of the people the question of
an extension of the gas company's fran
chise and give to tho people one dollar
gas. This bill also provides that the gas
company shall pay to the city of Omaha
a royalty of KtyOOO the first year, to be
Increased annually as the consumption of
gas Increases. The bill In all probability
will be recommended for passage by he
8. F. 17, the water district bill Is ot
Interest to the state generally, ns it
gives to the Water board authority to
extend Its power as far outside of the
vnter district as it may desire. Aswos
brought out at the hearing the other
night It could run a water main clear to
Grand Island and no one could stop the
Nation lines AVonilers.
Individual members of the legislature
havo refused to become excited over this
measure, though the Water board lobby
has tried with the use of money, threats,
and misrepresentation to hustle the bill
through. How much more money will bo
spent to get this bill passed, of course,
cannot be foretold, but It Is very evident
the Water boarders have considerable of
a boodle fund, inasmuch as 25 was paid
to tho senate engrossing room clerks to
get them to put nslde routine work and
(Continued on Page Two.)
for Suffragists Was
Lax and Inadequate
WASHINGTON, Maroh 8. With an in
tervening day to analyzo the complaints
of suffrage leaders and sympathizers
against, the. actions of the police at tbe
great suffrage parade last Monday, poUce
officials' were prepared today to present
their side, of tho controversy to the spe
cial sepite" committee Investigating the
alleged lack of protection given tho suf
fragist's. Hundreds of women fought for admis
sion to the committee j-oom wbere the
hearmg-'waa.-liie'Id. iieforo" tho doors were
opened today the crowd was sufficient
to (til the big room. Vollcemen stationed
at tho doors Had 'trouble stopping he
The first witnesses who appeared) In
defense of police methods were greeted
with ridicule and In some cases with
hisses when their testimony differed with
that given by tho suffrage witnesses. At
times the committee members had dif
ficulty in maintaining order In the
Tho first witnesses today were O. 8.
Canfleld of Spokane, Wash.; Commodore
W. 8. Moore of Washington and Judge
Henry D. Pierce of Indianapolis. They
declared the police methods lax and In
adequate. Judge Pierce told of seeing
Chief Sylvester giving orders to patrol
men, but he said the patrolmen evinced
a lack of Interest In carrying them out.
Other witnesses testified to Indignities
and Insults o the women marchers, none
of which seemed to stir the police Into
any effective efforts --for protecting tho
Commodore Moore declared Sylvester
had refused police protection for the suf
frage rehearsal that took place a day or
two before the parade. He said the po
lice superintendent had told him that he
sympathized with the suffrage cause, but
that he did not approve the methods
adopted by the women who were trying
to advance It
The "Rev. 3. II. Nelms defended the
police He said the crowd was good nn
"I.9!ra.VR-k seen. large - crowds In every
Europetumcaultal.on. all sorts-oCfimpor--.gjjQTo Marcn 8.-Attornoy
tant occasions 'and-1 never saw a-,more general Mclteynolds was non-commltt il
good natured or better handled crowd." today - a, hl8 attltude toward the
8n'd ne- . . , American Tobacco company and Its
The statement met with a chorus of t fonner BubBldiarel,. Concerning reports
"no. That Isn't true." from the big crowd, that he wou,4 reopel, or aBatn consider
of women which rilled the committee th(J ..ToDacco trust.. case the new nt
room and overflowed Into the corridors.'. . . ....
" , -- - -- -- -
tviituriutlll sullen wws luiceu'iu uuinuiiiBn
the audience several times.
"Wo are here to Investigate the disor
ders during the parade," he said finally,
"but If .we cannot have order here we
will have to make an Investigation as
to the causes of disorder In the commit
Praises Work on
PAP.1S, March a The chief consltlng
engineer ot the Sues canal, Edouard M.
Quellennec, does not share the view pre
vailing In Europe that the Panama canal
will have only a slight effect on the trade
of the old world. He told the Commercial
and Industrial association of Franco to
day that the new canal would favor to
a high degree exchanges between eastern
North American and the Pacific coast
and would create fresh currents of com
merce between the United States and the
far east. It would also establish serious
competition with Europe for tho trade of
those parts of the world. Still the Suez
canal would remain. In his opinion, Im
M. Quellennec eulogized the work of
Colonel George W. Qoethals, chairman of
the Panama Canal commission; Colonel
William C. Oorgas, chief sanitary offlcer
of the Panama canal zone, and their
associates and regretted that the decay.
Ing mercantile marine of France was not
likely to reap much profit from their
Building for First Time Since Com
pletion Thrown Open to
CHANCELLOR AVERY SPEAKS
Dean of Nebraska University in
Defense of Education.
VOCATIONAL SCHOOL NEEDED
Holovtchnncr Makes Strong Plea for
This Kind of School.
UNITED STATES LEADS ALL
Nntlnn Is UoIiir More for Kl Men
tion of Itn Children Thnn An)
Other Country, nml Sehol
nra Profit by It.
Crowds surged through the high school
building nil yesterday afternoon, when
for the first time since Its completion
the Institution wns thrown open to the,
Chancellor Avery of the state univer
sity, President 15. Holovtchlner of the
Board of Education, Superintendent E. U.
Graff, Principal Kate McHugh and Rev.
Edwin H. Jenks were on the program
given to mark the formal opening of the
Comparing the United States with other
nations of the earth, Chancellor Avery
said history proved that the country
which turned Its energies to the building
up of educational Institutions was the
most successful In every line of Industry.
"A nation has honor and reputation In
proportion to Its systems of education,"
he said. "I do not believe It Is psysco
logically possible for a nation to Injuro
Itself financially by spending too much
money on education. Education hs be
come a national necessity. No city should
now take an overly complacent view of
Referring to a "facetious" remark of
President HolovlShlner, that he "was
alarmed at tho rapid spread of the Amer
ican spirit here," Chancellor Avery said
this country had been criticised abroad
for a certain looseness of morals. "I con
ceive as. a menace our disregard of that
old type of honesty that comes from
other countries," hodeclarcd.
First teachers were the parents, next
were slaves, then eccteslusts and last tho
(Continued on Page Two.)
Hundred Guests of
New York Hotel Are
Driven Out by Fire
NEW YORK, March 8. Nearly a hun-.
dred guests of the Hotel Burlington, an
apartment hotel on Thirtieth street near
Fifth avenue, were placed In grave peril
by fire, which shot from the first floor
up through an air shaft of the old sis
story structure early today. Clad only
in their night clothes, the guests were
driven Into the streets on one of the
coldest mornings of tho winter. Many
women were helped down ladders to the
streets, otters fled down fire escapes at
the rear and some had to be carried
across ledges Into the Holland house
next door. The guests of the Holland
house were also routed from their beds
by the alarm and they vied with one an
other In loaning the refugees from the
adjoining Hotel their garments.
Mrs. William H. Claggett, Jr., of Wash
ington, who had a room on the sixth
floor of the burning hotel, climbed out
on a ledge about two feet wide and
worked her own way across to the Hol
The hero of the flro was Henry Smith,
ffj years old, who has been In the hotel
for twenty-five years. He ran his ele
vator for seven or eight trips until the
smoke drove him out and he carried
many persons to safety.
The damage wns confined mainly to the
Mr. McReynolds May
Eeopen Case Against
the Tobacco Combine
xorney general simpiy sum;
"Perhaps I may."
Jlr. McReynolds was In direct charge
of the government's prosecution which,
resulted In dissolution of the "trust." Ho
disagreed with Attorney General Wlcker
shum as to the terms of the decree which
dissolved the corporation and as finally
entered It did not meet his approval.
Complaints that the decree was being
violated In some parts of the south, par
ticularly at New Orleans, were Investi
gated by Attorney General Wlckersham.
No action was taken becaiv";. It is un
derstood, the Investigation did not sus
tain the protests.
$9,000 to Member
of Old MabrayRing
MIAMI, Fla.: Maroh 8. Warrants were
Issued today for the arrest of q. man
known aa Judge J. M. Batemnn, cald to
be from Atlanta and a member of the
old 3t C. Mabray gang which for years
operated In Omaha, Kansas City and
other cities. The warrant was Issued on
complaint of Frank Rothleuter of KII
gore, Neb., who charges he was swindled
out by JJ.000 by Tlateman and his "opera
tives" by fake horse races.
According to Rothleu. yr'.satory to the
police, Uateman. and his CSoclates In
duced him to bet on races In alleged pool
rooms here. Finally, he declared, he was
led to bet 19.000 on a race, paying the
money In Atlanta with the intention of
making a "killing" through the so-called
pool rooms here.
i Both at the Top
(f aVM) f I ZEZIEVE THERE'S )
MsW . ( UOOn TTP 7TF.T?7r. TO 7? A
LM. - N v , i
Drawn for Tho Bee by Powell.
IS UNABLETO AGREE
It is Discharged and New Trial Will
Begin March 31.
EIGHT TO FOUR ON FINAL VOTE
One. Jnror 8017a Defendnr.t'a Prntse
of MePfniBfiro, Brothers Turned
Sere-roil Members Agnlnst
LOS ANGELKS, Cal., March S.-Thev
jury, trying Clarence S. Darrow on a
chariie of ' Jury bribery reported at 11:25
o'clock that (hey werj unable to agree
and Judge Conley discharged them. The
last ballot stood 8 to 4, but whether fjr
acquittal or conviction was not stated.
Darrow's counsel Immediately announced
that he should ask for a re-trial. Mr.
Darrow asked that the time for setting
a new trial be fixed a week from next
Deputy District Attorney Foro was re
minded by the court that ne hod said
during his closing argument that ha
would not try the case again. Did tnts
mean that the Indictment against Darrow
would be dismissed?
Ford replied that he referred only to
his own personal attitude and had no
authority to apeak for District Attorney
Fredericks. Judge Conley then announced
that If the prosecution decided to dis
miss the Indictment It could do so be
tween now and the time far the next
calling of the case, March 21
After further parley Judga Conley In
his own motion fixed March 81 as the date
for a new trial, which will be the third
on charges almost Identical.
Darrow thanked the court and added:
"I'll fight it out; I should hava been
acquitted on tho evidence; I shall surely
fare better next time."
The jury, it was stated, stood eight for
conviction and four for acquittal.
Twelve Ballots Taken.
Twelve ballots were taken and the best
that Darrow had. at any time was six
jurors. That was early In the balloting
and In a short time two were won over
by those who desired ronvictlon. The
Jury never at any time stood eleven for
conviction and ope for acquittal. Fore
man Pettlnglll, whose request for Instpie-
1 tlons when the Jury first reported shortly
i after 10 o'clock, was constructed to that
effect, said that he meant no such thing.
Eight to four was the nearest the Jury
ever came to a decision, he declared.
"I understand Darrow wants a new
trial. Ho can have It," aald Captain
John D. Fredericks, district attorney,
after the disagreement had been reported
"I wua confident," continued Freder
lcks. "that tlds Jury would convict and
in consequence had not considered the
possibility of a, new trial. But it is my
practice to bring cases to trial again
after a disagreement."
Darrow was bonded at 110,00!) under the
llaln Indictment. He will remain at lib
erty under this bond pending flnul dis
position of the case.
Queers Ills Own Cane.
Darrow's own arguments were re
sponsible for his failure to ro free, ac
cording to one of the Jurors, who asked
that his name be withheld,
"Darrovv"a declaration that, although
tho bomb which destroyed the Ivis
Angeles Times building had killed twenty
men, the McNamara brothers were not
murderers, but -workers In a great cause,
alienated several of the jurors. One ot
Darrow's associate counsel avowed the
In commenting further on the can,
District Attorney Fredericks recom
mended that the. Ix Angeles Bar asso
ciation take action to have Darrow dis
barred for testimony he gave on the wit
ness stand in the trial just concluded.
He referred to Darrow's admission that
he (Darrow) had paid money to Guy
Blddlnger, a Chicago detective working
for the prosecution.
JURY IN DARROW CASE
Title to Fortune
Depends Upon Two
WASHINGTON, March S.-On the
ability of the Justices of the supreme
court to, read Chinese characters writ
ten on two Inner tablets from- a templo
in Amonyr China will depend largely
the outcome of a case before the court
today. The tablets have been brought
from China as evldenoe that Vicente
ltomero 8y Quia married yap Puan Nlu
in 1847 and that two children were born
to the union, Chinese Interpreters dttrer
sri to the story the tablets tell. Tb
secretary or the Chines legation In
Washington has been called In by attor
neys to decipher the characters, oui. uie
dispute as to the tablets continues. The
court must decide who Is correct
The decision will determine the inherit
ance of some 3)0,000, left by 8y Quia
upon his death in 1894 In Manila.
It Is admitted that Sy Quia married
a woman In the Philippines In 1843 and
reared a family there. These children
claim all the' property.
The Filipino children rely In part, upon
the fact that 81 Hlen, a brother, upon
Sy Qula's death placed tho nine silk
suits, which had been put upon By Quia
at the time of the funeral upon the eld
est of the Filipino children. According
to Chinese custom these suits were to
be placed on the eldest heir.
Post at London is
Offered to Olney
WASHINGTON, March 8. President
Wilson has offered to rtlchard Olney of
Boston, secretary Of state in President
Cleveland's cabinet, the post of ambas
sador to Great Britain. It Is not known
whether Mr. Olney will accept and it wua
said today that the matter had not gons
so far as the sounding ot the Court ot
St. James as to Mr. Olney's acceptability.
No appointments to the other Important
diplomatic posts had been finally decided
Some Massachusetts democrats have
felt that their state t?as slighted In the
makeup of President Wilson's cabinet,
and It Is believed that this fact hod somt
weight In bringing Mr. Olney's name to
the front. Some doubt was expressed to
day whether Mr. Olney would accept the
post, because he Is 78 years old and has
had an exceptionally active life. In of
ficial circles It was thought Great Britain
would not be likely to object to this ap
pointment, since he held two cabinet posi
tions under Grover Cleveland. Mr.
Olney's legal ability, administration ad
visers believe, would bo of great value
In the conduct of tho Panama canal ne
gotiations and they are anxious that lie
accept the London post.
BOSTON, March 8. Tho definite an
nouncement from Washington that Presi
dent Wilson had offered him the post of
ambassador at the court of St. James
took Itlolmrd Olney and his Intimate
friends by surprise today, Mr, Olney said:
. "'I , have received no such offer and I
dqubt the accuracy of the report"
He did not Indicate whether he would
accept the mission. Mr, Olney was born
In 1825. His last public service was as
secretary of state In the cabinet ot Presi
CHURCH HOWE NOMINATED
FOR MAYOR OF AUBURN
AUBUrtN, Neb.. March-8. (Special Tel
egram.) IBt night citizens of Auburn
nominated Hon. Church Howe for mayor
by acclamation and ho accepted the
l.rxlrltprr I" IIcIimimmI,
LEAVENWORTH, Kan., March 8
Henry W. Icgleltner of Denver, one of
the thirty-three men oonvloted at Indian
apolis of conspiring to transport dyna
mite Illegally, was released today ftpm
the federal prison, shortly before noon.
His bond was 830,000. Iegeltnor Is the
fifteenth man concerned In the enso to
receive his liberty. He Immediately
JUROR CHARGED WITH
Samuel Brown, Member of , Hyde
Panel, is Under Arrest.
DENIES VkNOWLEDQE OF IT
State Allrses that lie Offered
Depvtr 3Inrah.nl Thousnnd. Dol
lar to Ilrtnir About
. .Hung Jury. . .
KANSAS CITY, March 8. A capias
charging Samuel Brown, a juror in the
seoaud trial of Dr. B, Clarke Hyde for
the murder of Colonel Thomas II. Bwope,
with attempting' to bribe county officer,
was Issued by the criminal court today,
on complaint of James U ICllroy, an
assistant prosecutor. ICllroy" s complaint
was based on a statement by Thomas
Holloway, deputy marshal In charge of
the Jury In the present Hyde trial, that
Brown had told him "throe was $1,000 In
It" to bring about a hung Jury In the
Hydo case and 81,CO0 for on acquittal.
Attorneys for the defense say they
place no credience in any story of an at
tempt to bribe. Prosecutor Jacobs mad
two unsuccessful attempts to trap Brown,
Drown uppeared at the prosecutor's of
fice trhd gave himself up. He was ar
raigned before Judge Lotshaw, pleaded
not guilty, and his bond was fixed at
$t009, pending his hearing, set for
"I don't know what Its all about,"
was Brown's only statement
Whaling Vessel Will
Patrol Ocean and
DUNDEE, Scotland, March 8. A watch
ful sentry will henceforth be on duty !n
the Atlantlo ocean to warn vessels of the
approach of ice and to assist in avert
ing disasters suoh as that to the Titanic.
The whaling ship Scotia left this port
today, having on board a number of
scientists, who, by means of a powerful
wireless apparatus, will notify all ships
crossing in either direction of thn nrxs.
Lcnce and progress of floes and Icebergs.
ine fscoua was rormeny employed In
the Scotlsh antarctlo exposition. It has
been sent out by the British board of
trade in accordance with an arrangement
with the North Atlantic Steamship lines.
She will report frequently to wireless sta
tions In New Foundland nnd Labrador,
For Direct Elections
WASHINGTON, March S.-The secre
tary of state has received notice of the
action of tho legislatures of eighteen
tttates. upon the proposed constitutional
amendment providing for the direct elec
tion of senators by the people. So far
not a, single state has acted adversely
Tlio amendment has been approved by
Massachusetts, Mlnneeot, Now Tork,
Ariiona, North Caroline, Oregon, Mis.
sleslppl, Colorado,! Wyoming, Idaho.
Texas, Montana, Illinois, Maine, Nevada,
NewUampshlre, Wisconsin and Ver
TI16 fast, named. 8talefVa))prq'ved. the
senatorial amendment and the Incoms
tax amendment, Februry 19, but the neg
leot of the state authorities to return
tho fact to the state depurtmen promptly
acted to prevent the appearance of Ver
mont as one ot the ratifying states
named In the formal notion Issued by
tho secretary of state of the full ratifi
cation of the sixteenth amendment,
ncouuso of the larse number nf itntit
leglMutureB that meet only bi-a'nnually
if will lia ImnrtnsfhlA tn iraM lha anni,.l
of the senatorial amendment by the
requisite three-fourths vote during the
present calendar year.
IN ILLINOIS BRINGS
ITS FIRST RESULTS
One Large Firm Announces Raise in
Wages of Its Errand Girls to
Four Dollars a Week.
GLENN MAKES INSINUATION
He Says Few Pages of Advertiaing
Would Square Matters.
VICE MAY BE DUE TO LOW PAY
Edward Hillman Docs Not Agrco
with Other Chicago Merchants.
HE EMPLOYS GREAT MANY GIRLS
About Hundred Iloorlre Five Dot-
Inrs or Lena He Syn He Could
Lire on Ten Dolliura a
Week, If Necessnrr.
CHICAGO, Maroh 8. The work ot the)
Illinois senate vice commission boro
fruit today when a letter recolved, by
Chairman Barrett O'Hara from 19. F.
Mandel, president of Mandel Bros.,
who was a witness yesterday, statins;
that he had raised the minimum wag
of Juveniles to 4. The juveniles are
girts between the ngos of 13 and 15 years
who are employed on small errands.
Wherever possible, by reason of the apt
ness or general fitness ot tho girl, tho
wago will be over 84. In addition, Man
del said, following a suggestion of tha
oominlsslon, ho. will employ an Investl
gator to look Into the statements mada
by applicants to ascertain if they can
live on tho wages they nro to receive.
Edward Hillman of Hlllman's, a big de
partment store, was a Jovial and franH
witness of the forenoon, who greeted tho
proposition of nn Investigator with en
thusiasm and promised to hire one of
more at once.
Chalrmnn O'Hara expressed gratifica
tion nt tho attitude of tho employers.
"We asked for their co-operation be
cau'o wo feel that thoy, as pubilo
spirited cltjzonp, nro ns much Interested
in correcting soclnt conditions as wo
are," said O'Hara.
Inslnnntlon In nesented.
Much time was consumed with tho
personal matter between O'Hara and
John M. Glenn, secretary of the Illinois
Manufacturers' association and owner of
tho Manufacturers' News, organ of tho
association. CHnra threatened to go
Into the courts anent an, editorial In tho
Manufacturers' News stating that it was
the publisher's Judgment that the vlco
inquiry was due largely to a desire to
force the great retailers o fthe city to
give, a newspaper on which O'Hara was
formerly employed a reater quantity
Glenn Insisted that tho editorial re
flected his Judgment and O'Hara read a
sweeping denial Into the record.
Only one girl witness wns heard. Bho
was years of age and was known as,
"It, w." only, ,as the names of women
witnesses are not mode public
"Ij. w.," who wore a orooheted cap
with a red bow, and who looked muoh
less than her age, was a. servant at Ore
gon City, 111., she said. A male friend
brought her to Chicago but on her first
night, whon she did not earn enough ta
satisfy htm, he "beat ms up and I shooM
"Where is he nowH inquired Senates
"He's serving six months In Bridewell,
came the reply vindictively.
The prisoner may be called as a wlU
Illlliuan Is First "Witness.
Edward Hillman, ot dHlllman'B," on ofi
the city's largest department stores, wan
the first witness before the Illinois vlco
The witness thought that ther was la
some eases a oonneotlon between low
wages and immorality among women.
"Do you think that a woman will sett
her vlrture before she would starvoT
asked Lieutenant Governor Barrett
O'Hara, chairman of the commission.
"Yes, I do," came the prompt answer,
the first of the kind from employers th.u
"Thank you," said O'Hara, apparently)
surprised at the Emission.
Wnires Pnld Girls.
Hillman said that 817 girls and women
are employed at his store. Of these forty
six girls rocelve 85; twenty-four get ft,
twenty-threo earn 83,60 arid, six receive S3.
Thesu loot are errand girls, mostly
brought In by tholr parents, who want
them to learn the business so they may;
advance to higher salaries, he said.
"If one of your IS girls lost her virtue)
would It hurt your conscience T asked
"Would you hold yourself responsible?'1
"Wellnow, lets think, would IT Here's
.A girl brought lnby her parents, living
at home should I be responsible? I
think not. I think the parents would bo
Hillman spoke distinctly, to the great
relief of the spectators, half of them
women, who were unable to hear most of
the testimony yesterday.
The witness said he never had heard
of a girl being blacklisted for bad con
duct, but did know of a floor walker
who had suffered - that fate for Immor
ality. Hillman admitted that he was a self
made man. He started at work at 82 a
week us a caBh boy.
"Could you live on It'T" Inquired the
chairman of the commission.
"Well, my father earned 814 and my 83
helped put. I walked to and from work."
Will I uveal I Bit te Appllcunts.
Readiness of the big merchant to agree
with the commission surprised and de
lighted the legislators. For Instance,
O'Hara asked It It had ever occurred to
him to Investigate applications for posi
tions to ascertain whether the applicant
could live on thn salary In prospect. It
had never occurred to him, but he said
"It's a good Idea."
"Mr. Hillman, will you promise this
commission to hire suoh an Investigator1
I "Yes, certainly: glad to; Its a good.
(Continued on Page Six.)
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