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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 7, 1912)
TJTE BEE: OMAHA, TIIFKKDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1912.
Will there be a Victrola in
your home this Christmas?
You can search the whole world over and not find another gift
that will bring so much pleasure to every member of the family.
$15 $25 $40 $50
$75 $100 $150 $200
Victor Victrola XVI, S200
A. Hospe Co.
The Victor Store.
Victor Victrola XI, $100
, Easy Payments,
A. Hospe Co.
The Victor Store.
SOILED MONEY GETS k BATH
Vtyole SamVMethod of Laundrying
h6w' the maoiuNe, wobx
Other l'rojeotca Hefortns Designed to
, Male the BUI flood to' Look
at Durtn Their Short
, Visits. , .
Tho realization of th dream ' otf cfe an
currency has ' come ' about through the
recent, perfection by Inventor In the
UnltedJ St.-. Treasury department of
marines jhnt wlft wash -and -iron paper
money' on a large scale at a low coit.
In the end these wiirproba"bly nave the
government 11.000,000 a year and will
likewise "prove an economy for banker
In all parts of the country. Inventor
ha.y, been working In this direction for
koine time, but the washing system hai
been only recently practically developed.
The essential feature of the new ma
chine consists of tiers of copper rotfsrs
ei In an! oblong framework weight
about SOO pound wh'th may' be raited
or 'lowered In three seconds, and which,
when In position for the washing opera
tion, fits snugly Into a 100-Roll on tank,
filled almost to overflowing with a so
lution In which Is dissolved a special
soap, the formula of which was discov
ered by tho federal officials. . rasslng
pack and forth over the rollers. Is what
appears to the ordinary observer to be
a. .web of cotton duck, but Is In reality
two of these endless bands, fitting
snugly one on top of the other. Between
these two duck belts, each sixty feet In
leifgh. travel the bills to be cleansed,
and, the washing or scrubbing Is accom
plished by the passage oyer 'tho succes
sive rollers, all of which are so shaped
as to Impart a peculiar rubbing motion
o thp soiled currency. This action Is re
peated a number of times and serves to
trash all surface dirt out of the bills.
When the washing Is completed the
bill Is in similar manner swished ' back
and forth through the, clear .water of a
mxiy-gallon rinsing tank; then a Jet of
air whisks it to a'nolhr endless band of
duck, which lead ovef gas-heated drums
that dry ttuVPr; and ii?"2 'total elspsed
interval of less than two and a half
tulnutes the rejuvenated bank note Is
(uitomatlcaliy delivered Jo a tray. A
.t ZTmmmmmS!!TS!SS.. JTTZTTT. -.i-L-'.'.l 1. n. , .-, -, . . l.-I.Li!.!-SpTTrr!TTJ!T., , ..i , , , , ..rSSTS'ST ' ' 1 ,
supplementary machine Irons tho laun
aprons over heated drums and then sub-Joining-
each bill In turn to the 'pressure
of coniprpsed paper drums.
The machine require two girls to
opernto It, and has a capacity of over
4,000 bills per hour. It takes a pound
of soup to wash 1,000 'bills and one horse
power to opcrato it. Tho total cost ot
operation, Including jissortlng, counting,
eta, is estimated to b,e wthln 0 cents
per l,0Qp, und .with .Improvements contem
plated, will bo, further reduced.,
Econmiilrn I it HiuuMcr llituW Notra,
Another innovation noon to bo intro
duced by ,tho Treasury deportment Is
a, reduction In sjie of the it bill. It wjll
oe oniy iwo-uilraa -Its present slke; like
wise oil other notes and .certificates. .
It has been decided that the paper
money la too big. A bill today is
more than three; lnches-wdo, am) a Httje
of eight and one-quarter Inches long, it
Is to be cut down to six by two and .a
halt Inches. Tho Treasury department
things that this, reduced currency will be
vaally more convenient to handle.
In addition, It wltl save a good deal of
expensn. Tho saving on paper alone for
140,000,000 notes Issued Per annum will
amount to JS7.000. There will be an in
creased pulput of nt least 25'- per cent
for a given amount of labor at the bu
reau of engraving, where all tho paper
money is printed. This gain, carried
through all tho processes of printing, ex
amining, counting, drying, numbering,
etc will. In Itself, represent more trlan
1300.000 a year. .
The notes being smaller, less engravjng
will be required for the plates from which
they aro printed. Xss Ink will be used
an item much more imDorlant than nhn
might lmaitlne. Taking other Items into
account, it is reckoned that the total saw.
Ing to tlio government "by "reducing the
size of the paper currency will be Q 1,000
I.uiiKfr I. We for tit llllla.
A dollar bill of tho new vise Is expected
to have u much lunger "lfo" than one ot
the pattern now in use. Requiring one
less fold In order to be stored away con
veniently In tho pocket or josketbqok, It
will last at least ono-lhlrd longer, accord
ing to the estimate of the treasury ex
perts. Consequently there will be fewer
notes to beL redremcMl jis, unfit for further
use. ana uio.iprru ot .the redemption. di
vision at Washington, cah be cut .down
sufficiently ti savu oa a year In
When It Is considered that It costs the
government 1 cent to print a paper dollar
Victor Victrola X, $75
Other Victor Victrolas
Typo IX .....,,....,$50
Type VIII .t $40
Typo VI , $25
Typo IV $15
A. Hospe Co.
The Victor Store.
nhd I nit It Into circulation, tho Impor
tance of prolonging Its "llfo" becomes
manifest. Fortunately, tho treasury has
had an opportunity to mako some ad
vanced tests, as they might bo termed, of
the small-size money. AH tho paper cur
rency of the Philippines (which has re
placed the old Spanish notes, has been
printod nt tho bureau of engraving. It
Is ot exactly the wimo slxo now proposed
for our own greenbacks and certificates.
Tho' new paper money Is small enough
to lie carried flat tlvat Is, without folding
In a pockctbook of very moderate size.
It will bo much inoro easily handled,
Kxperlroents' made with biuik cc-rh!l ond
tellers in Washington recently hve snown
thut tho mum! notea do rtot uiu'.itn tli
fingers us tlo tho old ones. And they
have" the additional advantage that banks
can store In thslr vaults 25 per cent more
of them within a given spsce.
The only objection to the new departure
seems to be thut for some tlroo there will
bo two sixes of paper money In circula
tion. Out this difficulty Is to be obviated
as for as possible by preparing In advance
great quantities of the small notes, which
on a fixed date will be exchanged for tho
big opes at subtrvanurlM, banks and
ofher large financial Institutions all over
Incidentally, It Is planned to reduae the
nineteen designs on tho currency now In
uko to nine, using tho same, portrait on
ono denomination throughout. Thus the
one dollar bill, whether treasury note,
bank note or certificate, will bear the
head ot Washington In the center of Its
face. Its holder will know the denomina
tion without looking at the numbers on It.
OniihtrrfelU 3nro Kaally Detected.
Cashiers ot banks and, others who
handle money will bo enabled thereby
detect counterfeits more readllv. Ftw
nothing Is so hard to counterfeit as a
portrait, the engraver of which cannot ro
produce his own work with exuetness.
The slightest Variation altera the expres
sion of the face, and the money handlers
net accustomed to carrying such printed
faort in their memories.
Kotwltliatandlng the perfection to which
nole engraving has been brought, the pos
sibilities of photo-mechanical process
are being developed to such an extent as
to be regarded as a qerious threat to tho
safety of the currency. This Is a matter
that Is attracting attention In all clvlllted
countries, lly the "autotype" and other
processes the color and texture ot any
prln'ed matter can be Imitated with aston
ishing accuracy Accordingly, as a pre
caution againvt counterfeiters? the bureau
Any Victor dealer in any city in
the world will gladly play any music
you wish to hear.
Victor Talking Machine Co., Camden, N. J.
Horn Type Machines
TT i t ene vn
Victor II $32.50
Victor III $40.00
Victor IV $50.00
Viotor V $60.00
Victor VI $100.00
A. Hospe Co.
of engraving moy yot bo drlvon to the
expedient of using tints selected for their
Up to the present time tho most satis
factory protection ngulnst counterfeiter!!
has been found to bo tho distinctive paper
used, with bands of red and blue fibers
running through' It. This canuoti bo Imi
tatod successfully except by tho use of
large and ponderous inachlnary, such as
cannot bo concealed. Philadelphia
SURE MAN WAS A MONKEY
Government Anthropologist Tells
Why nnd ilorr the Tntla
"Man cannot have arisen except from
some more thcrold (anlmal-llke) form
aoologlcally," It Is deolared In "Early
Man In South America!" Just issued from
the government printing office. '
Ales Hrdllcka, curator of the division
ot physical anthropology of the National
museum, Is the author of the publication,
which Is known as "House ot rteprecnta.
tives IJocument, No. 481."
"On the basis ot what is positively
known toduy In regurd to early man. and
with tho present scientific views regard
ing man's evolution," Mr. Hrdllcka says
in his report, "the anthropplogNt has a
right to expect human bones, particularly
crania, exceeding a "few thousand years
In age, and more especially those of
geologic antiquity, shall present marked
morphologic differences, and that these
differences shall point in the direction
of more primitive forms.
No conclusion can be' more firmly
founded than that man Is a product pt
an extraordinary progressive differentiation-from
some anthropomogdnlo stock,
which developed somewhere in the later
tertiary among tho primates. He began
then as a organism that In brain and
body Mas less than nun, that was an
anthropoid. From this stag ho" could
not become at once as he Is today, though
In some stages ot his evolution he may
have advanced by leaps, or at lesat moro
rapidly than In others. He must have
developed successively morphologic mod
ifications called for by his advance to
ward the present man. and have lost
gradually thou features that Interfered
with his advance or became useless
progress which is still unfinished."
Among other things that man lost on
his way from monkey to man is a long
and hairy tall. Mr. Hrdllcka does not
Store. Victor Horn Type
say so, but he Indicates it.
"Wo know these to be facts," Mr.
Hrdllcka continues, "(1) because all or
ganlo form la essentially unstable, plas
tic, reactive to changing influences, and
to this law man's complex and relatively
dellcato organism can form no exception;
(2) because the best authenticated skele
tal remains of early man show without
exception a more or less close approxi
mation to more prlmltlvp primate forms;
(S) becuuse theso older human forms
Bhow, In general, more therold features
In proportions to t.- geologic antiquity;
and (4) because morphologic differences
which have occurred In numerous hlstorlo
groups of mankind within relatively re
cent times are very apparent today n
tho various races of men, and are con
stantly arising In tribes, in lesser groups,
In families and in individuals.
"Evolutionary changes havo not pro
gressed and do not progress regularly
in mankind as a whole, nor even In any
of Its divisions. Such changes may be
thought' of as a slowly augmenting corn,
plex of zlgsags, with localised forward
feaps, temporary baitings, retrogres.
along, and possibly with even occasional
complete cessations. Thus It would pot
bo reasonable to expect that at any
given dato In the past or present all
the branches or members ot the human
or pro;human family would be a abso
lutely uniform type. At all periods
some Individuals, and even groups,
Were doubtless, more advanced than oth
ers from the ancestral and nearer the
present human type. Nevertheless, the
morphologio status of the man In each
geological . period had, unquestionably
Its boundaries, and there Is no evidence
or probability that two human beings,
a geological period or more apart, could
be so closely related in form that theli (
crania or skeletons would show strictl)
one nnd the same type, - ,
"The antiquity, therefore, of any hu
man skeletal remains which do not pre
sent marked differences from those of 1
modern man may be regarded, on mpr-1
phologla grounds, as only insignificant ,
geologically, not reaching In tlruo In all
probability beyond the modern, still un
finished geologic formations. Should
other claims be made In any case, the
burden of definite proof would rest, heav
ily on those advancing them.
"Other considerations bearing on this
point have been brought forth In the
writer's report relating to ancient man
in North America,
"Thti essence ot the subject is that the
expectation of Important form differ
Victor-Victrola X, $75
Mahogany or oak
ences between human skeletal remains
ot goologlo .antiquity and those of the
present era is Justified; that the differ
ences presented by tho older remains
should point in the direction ot zoologic
inferiority, and that where Important
structural differences pointing to an
earlier evolutionary stage are not found
In the human skeletal remains which are
the subject ot study, . and especially
where the given crania and bones show
olose analogies with tjiose ot modem or
oven of the actual native race of the
same region, tho geologic antiquity of
suoh remains may well be regarded as
imperfectly supported In fact, as Im
probable." Dr. Hrdllcka was disappointed in what
he found In South America, .but he Is
certain that man come from a monkey.
Washington Poet. , .
EVANGELINE IS - AWAY OFF
Kldcrly Crttlo Scoffs nt the
Theories ot a Modern
There seem to be no particular reasons
why the opinions of Dr. Evangeline W. :
Young of Boston should be telegraphed all.
over the country merely because she Is
teaching eugcn.es and Implores young peo-
plo not to fall In love at first sight. Fall
ing In love at first sight, like measles or
glanders or lying, is one of the things that
we cannot help. As they say on the bills
of lading. It is an act ot Qod. Failing in
love at first sight and dying are the two
superhuman events of our tlfe, and be-,
cause they are superhuman fhey are be
yond our control. I
Now we don't want to be hard on Evan-.
gellue. She means well, although how she
can lecture on eugenics without blushing
It Is hard to say. It must be the climate.
And with such a name, too. But when
she says that matrimonial disillusionment
always follows. love at first sight she is
talking the jure, unadulterated rubbish.
Disillusionment always follows matri
mony, Evangeline, no matter whether love
was at first sight or at twentieth. Every
one knows that, although our courage n
saying so Is exceptional. Love at first
sight, remarks Evangeline. s often caused
by some trifle of dress or manner. Right
you are. Never was profounder truth
stated in simpler language. Boston scores
once more through her gifted and eugenic
daughter. And gold mines are usually
discovered through some trifle of surface
formation. All great events wars, revo
lutions, matrimony and all other crimes, j
disasters and catclynms-orlginate ,from
trifling causes. Nature always begins
with something very small when It 'is
planning something very great, anil
Evangeline would hardly believe how tiny
we ourselves Were at birth. There fo
nothing on earth of such cbllossal size as
a trifle, nothing go full of profound pur",
port as an insignificance. The man whw
allows himself to be .attracted by "sottia
trifle of dress or manner" has more in
tuitive science In his little finger thaiv
all the eugenics put together have In
their whole Cosmos.
Into the lecturer's recommendation - of
marriages for money and social position
we need not enter. We might have Ex
pected it. Maybe we are-too old 'anil
fossilized to keep abreast of the gay and
giddy corebratlon which calls Itself mod
ern thought, but we were, and are, under
the Impression that tho man or woman
who marries for anything bu love Is
guilty of sexual depravlty.-San Francisco
V nti.-li.-lor' Itefectlin..
genius er l 1)01 " n0rae Ben8a tha" "
iAiiyno.w' a womn doesn't sing,' any
louder than a man. argues. . -IvV-
w,,ves aren't eo bat on a nlghffcold
enough for more, bed covers. '
hi.. mntter hV. Jhln a lshecan
think how wonderful it Is Tt shoiild be'so
becoming to her.
man ca" ,,avo a Brouch with hla
wife because he didn't get a good seat at
the base ball game.-New York Press.
Ileral quick nUt from uul ctTrrtnTT
un-DM re4cIi.cUuTbliffne,ctrrU ot
tb ltiro.1 or itcrmich. umncV b.
or II inllllua tutxiwld. Koadon'i. tlo original
ioffniUtot. OaarastXd. In fee man Mo tobSi
KQMDON MFQ. CO.. KlnuiMUk Mln..
Heavy Vote! J
FOH DRESKEU JlUOS. CW3A&i!Il8 ,
ANDDYEHS. 11EHT MAN WJSi IS
DUX CLEANING AS WEtt. 'AStN
POLITICS. PHONE TYLEIt 845.
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