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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 7, 1912)
TLtK BEN: OMAHA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 10112.
Visiting School Teachers
en on shopping tours should not fail to take advantage of the many bargains specially planned for you by the firms represented on this page.
Specials for Visiting Teachers
Visiting teachers will find here the newest, snappiest and
most serviceable ready to wear apparel at prices much lower than
anywhere else. Popular prices is the keynote of this store.
Handsome Cloth and Plush Coats
Sold elsewhere at up to $25. The nobbiest of now cloth rf
conts in every leading stylo and fabric Splendid pluehjk I 11
coats, handsomely trimmed, on sale at $15, $12.50 and'r "
Pretty Trimmed Hats
"Worth up to $u00. Scores of the most charming trimmed hats; '
also splendid quality beavors in blacks and colors, Oft
on sale at ilivO
Worth $3.50 and $4.00. Every
now stylo In nifty shoes nro hero
for you at $2.05
Worth $3.00. Splendid quality
taffetas and tneasallues,
all colors at
The novelty 6, VJL
TO VISITING SCHOOL TEACHERS
We have moved to 612 South 16th Streot, (Upstairs), and cordially Invite you to call and Innpect our new and
exclusive lino of winter millinery.
SPECIAL MILLINERY PRICES FOR THIS WEEK
$18 Exquisitely Trimmed Hats $12.00
$15 Handsomely Trimmed Hats $9.50
$10 Handsomely Trimmed Hats $6.00
UNTRIMMED BEAVER HATS AT LESS THAN COST
For tliis week only we will
place on sale
512 So. 10th St.
MISS FRANCES ZEMAN
512 So. 10th St.
Special for Visiting
ON ALL STRICTLY
All this Reason's newest
stylos, and are tailored in
the best possible way.
Alterations made with
out additional charge.
$5 and $4 Shoes for S2.SO
. , viiou amies unless wo Jiave he kind of
snoes we advertise to khII. AV
simnlv fn f i 'maniac UKQ Hon,e s Qr
Hinipi) to get 1 lio noon o mm n.,.i tt..... i ..
Ihinvr else. W l-" ' ' u" lo S(M1 onio
" "tt.io imvi' jiu uio new
styles of ladies' and men's shoes, in all
sizes, leathers and fabrics-that were
never made to sell under $5 and $4,
at our price p
1010 Harney St. Hojrtl Theater MdR.
ail I Moor Vaxtm lllk., nml into l)oK, St
Write for OntA.
0:() p, nu
Where to Take Your Meals
The best foods at popular prices
will be served to you at the
1411 DOUGLAS STREET
Heart of the Shopping District)
YOUR MEALS HERE
SECOND BAPTISM OF WAR
Centennial Reminiscence of the War
CAUSES LEADING TIP TO IT
Attack on the American Frlitato
Chesapeake and tue Surrender!
Suspended Commodore In
One hundred yearn ago on the day
which wo celebrated aa the birthday of
our flag, the American congress waa con.
leldeting an Important message which had
', been sent to It by President Madison on
. the first day of June. There were many
vvwarm debates In congress that month.
but the president's views were finally
i adopted, and on June 19 the United
. States was declared to be again at war
'with Great Britain.
Tho first reason for war which the
. president had Riven in his message was
"that British cruisers had been In the con
tinued practice of violating the American
-flag upon the great hlehway of nations,
,and of seizing and carrying off persons
palling under it.
At this time the American flag, adopted
during the first war with Great Britain,
was'" about 33 years old. It was a
flag of fifteen stars and fifteen stripes,
for two new states had entered the union
since the first design of thirteen stars
and thirteen stripes was adopted, and
by resolution of congress, not only two
stars, but two stripes, had been added to
tho national standard.
The little American navy had been
growing In size and prowess, and Ameri
ran merchant vessels were also well
known on the high seas. In fact, Europe
being in a state of almost perpetual war
during the early years of the nineteenth
century, most of the commerce of the
world was being carried oh by vessels
bearing the American flag. Although It
Is a precept of International law that the
flag of a neutral nation shall protect the
ship which canlcs It and the persons sail
ing under it, England persisted In treat
ing America and 'Its dearly bought fag
as If It were a small child with a new
toy. Articles of peace were scarcely
Kipped after the revolutionary war beforo
the violations of which President Madison
complained had begun. In ISM Oreat
1 jjtiUn'H ruling that even a reutral shin
larry ng roods to 'n country with which
u was t Viur should be considered u
fair prize practically put a stop to
America's prosperous sea trade.
But there was a more serious cnitFc of
complaint against England than Us Vio
lation of tho neuttrallty rights of our
flag. When American commerce In
creased so rapidly, a large number of
seamen were needed and high wages
paid. Consequently, many British sailors
deserted their own ships and enlisted
with tho Americans. Pretending that they
wished to search for such deserters,
British officers claimed the right to
board any ship they met, and once on
deck, thuy took what men they chose
and pressed them Into the British ser
vice. During tho eight years preceding
the declaration of wor nearly 1,000 men
each year were taken from American
boats by British officers.
Several of the men thus Impressed
even carried certificates of citizenship,
although the American government
claimed that such Identification was un
necessary slnco "the colors that float
frqm tho masthead should bo the cre
dentials of our seamen."
Protests to the British government
were of no avail, and it is not strunge
that tho officers and men who had
sworn to protect and uphold our flag did
not submit quietly to repeated Insults.
Many serious conflict took placu on tho
high seas, the news of each succeeding
encounter being received with growing
Indignation In America. Demand for
war Increased, and when, In 1807, the
American frigate Chesapeake was obliged
to haul down Us flag and allow Its
men to be mustered by tho captain of
the British boat -Leopard, tho event
caused more excitement than anything
which had occurred since the battle of
For three years British vessels had
cruised up and down the American coast
from Maine to Cape Henry, keoplng the
country irf a state of partial blockade
and annoying American vessels by all
manner of petty Insults. The favorite
station was Chesapeake bay, and there,
In the summer of lEOC, a British squadron
followed some French ships which had
been driven In by a storm. During the
year the English boats remained at
anchor there, there wero many deser
tions, and It was claimed by British of
ficers that their old seamen openly
paraded the streets of Norfolk under the
protection of the American flag.
In the snrinir of 1807 the American frier.
ate Chesapeake was fitted out In -the
Vuihl!iKton nav', yj'd for a cruise o
tho Mediterranean, wlii.ru it i ad been
ordered as the flagship of Commodore
Barron. In May tho Chesapeake sailed
down the Potomac, completed Its prepa
rations at Norfolk, and at 6 a, in., June
22, the wind being favorable, stood to sea.
In Lynnlmven bay It passed two British
men-'o-war, their colors flying In friendly
fashion, and a little later, as Commodore
Barron wroto his report, they observod
tho Leopard get under way. About 4
o'clock in the afternoon the British boat
came within hall, and one of" Its officers
came on board with a, message.
Tho message proved to be a letter from
Captain Humphreys of the Leopard, en
closing an order from the, admiral of the
British fleet In America. By the terms
of Admiral Berkeley's order, any British
officer, in caso of meeting tho frigate
Chesapeake, was required to board It
and search for deserters from certain
ships. Commodore Barron replied that
he knew of no such men as were de
scribed, und that he had Instructions
never to permit the rj-ew of his ship to
bo mustered by any other than his own
officers. Ho added that It was his dis
position to preserve peace and harmony,
and he hoped his answer would prove
satisfactory. If war was the object of
the British commander this reply was
eminently satisfactory, and the Leopard
Immediately showed signs of hostility.
In size and equipment the' two boats
were about equal, but the Chesapeake
was totally unprepared for battle. Its
crew of 375 men had been somewhat
hastily enlisted, and as It had been
planned to drill them on the way errors
the Atlantic, they were barely acquainted
with their quarters. When the boat left
Norfolk, the deck was still littered wjth
furniture, baggage and uncoiled ropes.
Commodore Barron, watching the Leop
ard after Ills answer was rnrolvod un
that the tomplons wero out of Its guns
and ordered his captain, Mr. dordon, to
end the men quietly to their stations.
So quickly did the British begin the at
tack that the gunner of the Chesapeake
had not reached his magazine beforo the
first shot wan fired by the Leopard.
Iu prepared for Attack.
When passing Mount Vernon on .he
way down the Potomac the Chesapeake
had attempted to fire the customary
salute, and It was then discovered that
neither the cartridges nor sponges pro
vided would fit Us guns. This trouble
had been remedied at Norfolk, but now,
when battle was Imminent, Its guns were
aguln silent. Before Its old-fashioned
guns could be discharged lighted matches
r or heated loggerheads must be prepared,
and br nd-lilc followed broadside fro'n
I the guns of the Leopard, while men and'
Teachers who are interested in music for the
school rooms, call at our store and see this
Special Terms to
Wo will givo n Colum
biu Double DIbc Demon
strating Record free to
nil parlies replying and
r.. u:ii c j.k in i..
apply on tho purchase
oi a uoiununa uraio-nola.
Columbia Phonograph Co.
1311 Farnam Street
OU are invited to inspect
Nebraska's most sanitary :
Sanitary Dairy Co.
4 1812 Farnam Street
boys crowded Impatiently around the
Finally Lieutenant Allen ran with a live
coal from the fire in tho cook's galley
and nmnuged to flro one gun an the flag
was lowered. To expose the men longur
wlth no chnnro of returning flro would
liuvo been murder. Already threo men
had been killed and eighteen wounded,
while tho condition of the Chesapeake
proved that nearly all of the discharges
from tho Leopard's guns had dona offoo
Captain Humphreys claimed four men
from thd crew of the Chesapeake Daniel
Martin, William Ware, John Btrachnn
and Jonkln Batford. The first three were
native Americans who had shipped In
American vessels and been Impressed by
the brig Mfllampus. Commodore Barron
In a report Issued at the Washington navy
yard, repeats the story of their escape
from the Melampus.
Homo time In February, 1W7, thero was
nn entertainment on board tho Molampui,
lying then In Hampton roads. "All the
ship's boats," ho writes, "except tho cai
taln's gig, being holstod In, themselves
and two other men, availed themselves of
a moment to seize the gig and row off:
that, as soon as they had got Into the
boat, they were hailed to know what
they were going to do; replied they were
going ashore; a brisk flro of musketry
Instantly commenced from the ship; that,
In defiance of balls and tho hazard of their
lives, they continued to pull, and finally
effected their escape to land, namely,
Lowell's point! that they then carefully
hauled up the boat on the betfeh. placed
the oars In the boat, gave three cheers
and moved up the country."
Two of the men were familiar with tho
neighborhood, John Btrachan having been
born on the eastern shores of Maryland,
Queen Anne county, while William
Ware was bom on Plpo creek, Frederick
county. Ware had driven a wagon for
several years beaween Hagcrstown and
Baltimore, and was well known. Daniel
Martin was colored and a natlvo of
Navrd from Illnine.
BInce all three of those mn were un
mistakably Americans who had been Im
pressed by an English boat, It was the
discovery of the fourth man, Jenkln Hat-
ford, which alone, Adams says, "saved
Captain Humphreys from the blame of
committing an outrage not only Inwless,
but purposeless." Itatford proved to be
an Englishmen who had enlisted under
an assumed name, and the fact that he
was one of the deserters demunded by
the British ship Halifax was unknown to
Barron. Captain Humphreys refused to
regard the Chesapeake as a prize, and
the half-disabled frigate, its flag koiio.
made Its way back to Hampton Itoads.
All over the country crape was worn
and Indignation meetings wero held.
Newspapers declared "that war will
probably take place, and It Is lnevltubln
unless the government of Great Britain
should muko ample return fur the attack
mado upon our frlgato tho Chosapeuko,
Itopnratlou was long In coming, al
though the British ministry dlKavowrd
Admiral Berkeley's act and recalled liltn
from his ntutlon In Aniurlcn, Itatford, the
English deserter, was hanged Inl August.
1E07, from tho ynrdarm of his own ship,
the Halifax. Nearly five years later, and
Just before war was declared, two of the
American sailors taken wero returned to
the deck of tho Chesapeake, The third
had died In prison, but money compensa
tion was offered his family.
When tho Chesapeake dragged Itself
hack to hurbor ufter the encounter with
tho Leopard, the Indignation of America
was not only turned against the British,
but Commondore Barron was openly
abused, A court-rnarttnl wss held on
board tho humiliated rrlgatn, and Bar
ron, who lind been brought up In the
service of tho navy, and whose father
had been rommandor-ln-chlef of the Vlr
glnla navy during the revolution, was
uccused of negligence and cowardice. lie
was acquitted on all counts hut one,
bin Judges deciding that he should have
prepared for action upon lls first reudlng
of Captain Humphrey's message,
Disappointment nml a Duel.
Barron was suspended from active ser
vice for five years, and never recovered
from tllo shadow of that disgrace. Embit
tered and disappointed, twenty years
after the affair of tho Chesapeuko, he
challenged Stephen Decatur, who had
been una of his Judges at tho court
martial, nnd always remained his out
spoken critic. The story of the duel at
Bladensburg, whero Decatur was killed,
Is well known, Barron himself being sev
erely wounded, Until tho tlmo of his
death, la 1U1, he was never assigned to
The unfortunate Chcsupeuku was al
ways rlasxed as an unlucky ship, ind
even Cuptnln Lawrence when assigned
to It begged for another command, H
proved an 111 omen ship for him, and
after the terrible conflict with the Shan
non, In Wl, another Juno annlvorsary.
the Chesapeake once more surrendered to
tho British. This time the prize was not
refused, and tho American frigate was
taken to Englund, where, in 1S20, Us
timbers were sold to John Prior, a
Tho Chetiapeako's flag, kept for many
years by the family of the British en
sign who hauled It down, was finally
sold at auction und purchased by Wil
liam Waldorf Astor, Mr. Astor, less
mindful oi tho honor of the flag than
those who fought to defend It a hun
dred years ago, presented his purchase
to the British naval Institute. Washing
AD BRIEFH C plaj
"Good morning, sir. Can I sell you tho
"You suit-ly cunnot I bought a new one
"Ah sir but ours Is un to tho hour Wi,
omit nothing, sir. Our Look Is absolutely
You've tried the rest
Now try the best
Success Chemical Dry Cleaners
TAILOHINO, OLHANINO I'ltHSHIXO.
Ji'niirtccnth nnd IXmIko 8t. 1'liono Douglas 2000.
AVc Cull anil Deliver,
Visiting School Teachers
Special Sale of
For this week only. All
corBots tlutt have been
leaders at $0.00 will be
on special Bale this week
only at $4.50
Ida C. Stockwell
Bonth Bids Entranoe
Brsndtls Thsatsr lluildlng.,
complete, being tho only ittlan uvr sunt
out that Included the field of Armugeddon
und tho exact site of an AnunlHs club!"
"All right, (limine a copy.'' Cleveland
.Nnts to CrucL.
It Is better to start a good dinner with
nn upictlto than with an appetizer.
There ore times when every man makes
a fool of himself, but some few of us irut
Ixjts of people are contented because
thuy don't know any better.
It Is Just us well to Insure your bridgeti
buforu you burn them behind you.
A black cat may bring good luck, but
you can't convince the mouse of tho truth
of this superstition.
When a mail lnarries he receives a life
sentence, with nothing off fur good be
havior. Intuition Is merely a remarkablo faculty
possessed by a good guesser.
The carpenter, ut leust, Is one man who
hasn't time to have his nails manicured.
New York nines.
Kquul to the Oeennlon,
"Wo insist," said the suffragist speaker,
her eyes flashing llko fire, "that we
women have a natural and Inalienable
right to say who shall govern us, as men
"Pooh! Pooh!" exclaimed a rough
looking man In the audience.
"Which only shows," rejoined the suf
fragist, her stern features softening Into
it smile, "how true the scriptures are In
spying that the puoher we have always
with us." Chicago Tribune.
Special Sale on
Ail This Week
7 quarts. ...$2.25
7 pints $1.25
A Ilia: Difference.
"Marriage makes a ble- different i,
What, married only two weeks anil,
disappointed? What's the trouble?"
"Oh. there Isn't any great trouble. Hul
I've noticed that whenever I Bit on.
George's lap now his foot goes to sleeu
much quicker than It used to, Detroit
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