Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 29, 1912)
TIIE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: SEPTEMBEE 29, 1912.
Interview with the President of Costa Rica
Copyright, 191J, by Prank Gi Carpenter.)
.AN JOSE, Costa Rica. I have
just had a talk with Oosta
Rica's democratic president.
His name is Don Ricardo
Jiraenei and he as elected
two years ago by a majority
vote of the people. This was so in spite
of the opposition of the administration
and the Catholic church. However, the
voters told the priests that they were
electing a president and not a bishop, and
jthey preferred Don Ricardo. The new
president Is democratio In his adminis
tration, and I am told he has even sub
leased a part of the presidential mansion
to private parties to Increase the govern
ment revenues. It was In the audience
i room of this house that he received me.
The president is a man of good education
'and fine address. A lawyer by profes
sion, he speaks several languages, and It
(was in good American English that our
conversation was carried on.
Government of Costa Rica.
Eut first let me give you some idea of
the government of this little republic.
Costa Rica is the quietest and best ruled
of all Central America, and Its presi
dents are the choice of the people and
cot the result of revolutions, ca in Nica
ragua, Guatemala and Honduras. - The
'country got Its Independence about
tseventy-three years ago, and it was in
1M7 that it formally adopted the title of
ithe Republic of Costa Rica. .It now has
a president and congress, each elected
for a terra of four years, and that only,
The president cannot have a second con-
jsccutlve term. The manner of the elec
tion is by an electoral college, just as
is our custom at home. I asked Presi
dent Jimenez what he thought of this
(method. He said it was a mistake and
that the best way would be to choose the
'executive by the direct rote of the people.
The president of Costa Rica has a lit-
itle different form of administration than
President Taft He has a cabinet, it is
'true, but he has also a government coun
cil, which consists of the cabinet and
'such other citizens as he may choose to
appoint. The salary of the president is
just about one-ninth that of President
I Taft. He gets a little over $8,000 a year,
or In the money of this country, 18,000
Costa Illca and the Canal.
. During our talk the Panama canal was
referred to, and I asked his excellency
'what effect this would have upon Costa
Rica. He replied that it would benefit It
"It will open up some excellent lands,
which we have not far from the coast on
. the western side of the mountains. There
'are large tracts there which would raise
the best of coffee, and by the canal we
hall be able to have a cheap outlet for
that crop to the markets of Europe. In
the past ws have been much hampered
by having only one railroad. I mean
that from here" to Port Llmon on the
Atlantlo coast That road has been con
trolled by the United Fruit company,
whose chief Interest is In the shipment of
bananas, and it has let the coffee wait
'knowing that It had the monopoly and
.that there was no other way for 4t to get
to the coast We have bettered that con
edition by building a government railway
to the Pacific and we have now no
trouble. When the canal Is finished there
will be a demand for our Pacific coast
lands and that part of Costa Rloa will
grow. ,. ,
"We expect also an Increase In our
traffic on the Caribbean side of the moun
tains, A competition1' has arisen as to the
trade In bananas, and with two com
panies operating the business should
greatly Increase. The banana Is, as you
know, our chief money crop. It amounts
to something like eleven million bunches
a year and sella for $4,000,000 and upward.
Our exports of coffee are often In- the
neighborhood of (3.000,000 per annum. Cof
jfee and bananas are our principal sources
' Investments in Coffee Lands.
"Is there much undeveloped land la
Costa Rica, your excellency?" asked X.
"There Is a great deal, but It needs cap
ital to bring It under cultivation. If we
bad that and the right shipping facilities
we could produce nine or ten times as
many bananas as now and could mate
rially Increase our coffee plantations,
What we need is more money and I
should be glad to see American capital
brought here. The trouble with your
moneyed men, however. Is that they are
too visionary. You show them a piece
of rock with a little gold In It, and they
'will open their pocketbooks almost with
out Investigation. They may also put
f money Into bananas If they are properly
, shown, but a sure thing like the coffee
of Costa Rica they do not appreciate.
This land produces some of the best
coffee of the world. The conditions of
cultivation are well known, and the op
' J) ' - V.y $&.
Jr , fZ7 ' it J
dtyAtf 6ANTA MARIS
portunlties for , money-making In It are
excellent I am hoping that your people
will take up the coffee lands on the west
coast as soon as the canal Is open to
'I suppose money Invested In Costa'
Rica would be safer' saia l, inter
'Most certainly it would If put in the
right place and with due regard to the
examination of titles. We have an ex
cellent title system In this country, and
you can buy land Just as safely here as
you can at your home. There is no dan
ger of revolutions and the conditions are
quite as reliable as anywhere in- the
Why Costa Rica Mas No Revolutions.
"Why is itt y Sie&llsaey, that Costa
Rica does not have revolutionary T They
are common, in the other Central Ameri
can republics and also In Mexico now."
"There are a number of reasons," re
plied Don Ricardo. "In the first place,
this is a small country and our people
have plenty to do to make a living with
out wanting to fight. Our nation is a
peace-loving one. The population Is not
Uke that of Guatemala, Nicaragua and
Honduras, which la largely composed of
Indian blood. The most of our inhabi
tants are pure whites. You will see
this as you walk through the streets,
and especially out through the country.
You will see many .barefooted' and the
faces and feet are as white as your
own. These people are the descendants
of Spaniards from the northern part of
the Iberian peninsula. We have com
paratively few Indians and our ancestors
did not Intermarry with them.
"Another reason why Costa Rica has
no revolutions," continued the president
"is because the lands here are very
evenly distributed. We have a large
number of real estate owners, and nearly
every countryman has his own little
farm with his patch of bananas, his gar
den of fruit his fields for vegetables or
grain and Ills little coffee plantation.
The people will not leave these to go out
to fight and you cannot get them to
take up arms against the government
They say they cannot leave their farms
and that It pays them to remain at home.
They realise they are far better off with-
Boundary wltb Panama.
"What is the population of Costa
"It Is less than 400,000, but the country
could support many times that number.
Oosta Rica has an area larger than many
of your states. It is bigger than Mary
land, Massachusetts and Delaware com
bined." "But you do not know Just what land
you haveT I understand that the bound
ary between you and Panama Is unset
tide." , ..v ,' , V
"Yes, that Is so, but the , amount of
land in dispute Is not great The ques
tion of the boundary was first submitted
to President Loubet, the president of the
French republic, but his decision was so
manifestly unjust that the question was
again opened up and we have chosen the
chief justice of the United States su-
SUPERFLUOUS HAIR RECOVERS
ARE MOSTLY FRAUDS.
A Simple Test Wifl Prove' Which SuperfluoOsHait
Removers Are Harmful and Worthless.;
VON BICABDO JIMENEZ fte9. of 'CtfiTAfflCQ. s
The really important problem confront- pi
I rig women is not now to remove super
fluous hair. What concerns them most
is how to prevent a - more . vigorous
growth after each removal. This brings
us to the point It has been proven by
actual test that the only way to retard
hair growth, which naturally prevents
it from growing out coarser and stlffer
after each removal, is to take the vitality
out of it, which only goes to prove that
merely dissolving hair or removing It In
other ways Is not all that is required,
because if it were theee blemishes can
be removed more safely with a razor and
with less consequent injury than with
any of the questionable depilatories.
If you are not thorougniy convinced
that this Is the only logical and scientific
way to remove balr, and you do not mind
thu risk you take In using questionable
depilatories, it is an ettay matter to de
termine by a simple test whether this is
true or not. The test will also prove
which depilatories are harmful and
worthless. Of course, in making the ex
periment it is better to do so on an un
exposed part of the body. ;
How to make the test: First,' remove
a little hair from any part of he body
with any of the questionable deplliator
ics, then remove the same amount of hair
from another spot cloee to It with lo
Mlracle, wait & week and notice the dif
teiertce. You will observe that the hair
which was removed with the Cjuestion
.bie depilatory grows out SK&ln coarser
and suffer, whereas it is Just the oppo-
one wun tne cair union was remove J
with De Miracle. It will be plainly seen
that there Is barely a trace of balr. which
lnay be accounted for by the fact that
, i tMiracift contains cert&m ingredients
. which not only dissolve hair, but actu
ally take 'the vitality out of it, thereby
'retarding and preventing an Increased
, growth. ,
It is because other depilatories lack
' thcM special Ingredients that it Is Im
, possible for them to accomplish the same
'ideal reKults. tirtharmorek it must oe
borne in mind that whrm thpsn nnar.
Hons have stimulated the growth, it will
necessitate more frequent and persistent
treatment with DeMiiacle than it would
nave vmerwiue required.
Aside from thit fan that nrint. i.
the only depilatory that actually takes
uijr out n nair, it is absolutely
non-poisonous, antiaeoiio and geimicldal:
therefore, it will mil rouu. 1
other Bertous skin diseases, which can-
toriea. Queellonable deplla-
lter B;1',, the real test is the test of
Urne. Deiliracle was the largest selling
depilatory ten years ago, and more of li
eu:n year since than the
combined Kales f th n.,sir.i,o t,.
mere fact that fake-Uangcrous prepara
i J? short-.ived should aione be
sufficient warning to avoid the use of
any depilatory but that of proven merit.
Let us empoaslse this fact. Don't be
deceived or deluded by alluring or Im
possible c .aims of Impostors. Teli any
"r i?1m at !M"acie Chemical cJ.
will fjrtelt Hve Thousand lAill&rs if it
can be proved that their-so-called super
Durum hulr .-n.w j. .
- ...... v,. uiuuHHicu one
single growth of superf.uous hair.
Remember. peMtracle is the only de
pilatory that has ever been ImWd by
reputable physicians, surgeons, derma
tologists, medical journals, prominent
magaslnes and newspuuers. And, mind
you, every one is gonu.ne; If they were
not, we could be compelled by law to
discontinue publishing them. .
Refuse substitutes. If your dealer will
not supply you, send fl 00 to us direct,
and ws will mall, postpaid, a bottle, se
curely sealed In plain wrapper.
.rii f T , free booklet It will be
mailed, sealed in a plain enve!ope. De
Miracle Chemical Co., Dept 54, Park Ave
lzih and liotii su .New York.
.rou can always procure DeMlrarte
,r ire" onerman & jjo-
0nnll jOrug Co., Owl Drug Co., Har
vard Pharmacy and Loyal Pharmacy.
preme court to arbitrate it. A commis
sion of Americans is now making the
surveys and mapping the boundaries, and
it will soon be satisfactorily settled. This
work is costing a great deal of money,
however, and I am in doubt whether tho
cost will not more than equal the value
of the lands in dispute." ,
"What is the feeling here as regards
the Unted Statesl"
"It Is friendly. We had some trouble
with the United Fruit company, but that
has passed away and the two nations are
on the best of terms. We do most of
our trading with you. and you sell us over
half of all that we Buy. The most of our
coffee goes to Europe, but you still take
the bulk of our bananas. I am in hopes
to see the relations of the two countries
come closer and closer."
Earthquakes and the Canal. .
The conversation here turned again to
the canal and I said to President Jim
"You are living here in the earthquake
belt. Some of your cities have been
shaken out of existence and you are
subject to volcanic disturbances every
few months. Do you think that' the
earthquakes will ever destroy the
Panama canal?" . .
"I would not like to prophesy as to
that," was the reply. "I understand that
Panama has had but few earthquakes,
but one can never tell what will come.
You had better ask Colonel Goethals that
question." , , '
I did ask him," said I, "and hlrreply
was that when the national capital at
Washington was crumbled to earth by a
quake that he would be afraid for the
canal, but not until then."
I am glad he Is so confident," replied
the president of Costa Rica. "I "wish I
could be as sure of the safety of my
own tittle country."
Cost Rica's Debt. 1
I then asked the president some ques
tions as to the debt of Costa Rica. He
replied that this had now been put on a
sound financial basis, and that both the
foreign debt, and the Internal debt would
in time be paid. The foreign debt amounts
to about 17,000,000 colones, or something
like 18,000,000, and the internal debt is
much less. The foreign bondholders met
last January and approved of . the set
tlement proposed by Costa Rica, and
the debt has now been refunded at some
thing like 4 and 6 per cent on par, but
with a big discount to the underwriters,
as I am told. The president of Costa
Rica does not consider a puhllo debt
a public blessing, but he believes that
money might be borrowed and if prop
erly expended it would be of great good
to Costa Rica,
I asked bis excellency what he would
do If he had $10,000,090 in his treasury.
As quick as a flash be replied:
i wouia ouiia roads. That Is the
crying need ot this land. We have
practically no highways of commerce
except the line of railway which crosses
the country from on side to the other.
The only roads to the interior are trails,
and here and there a wagon road, which
during a part of the year is a river of
mud. What Oosta Rica needs most is
cheap transportation, but I fear me it
is long before we shall have what we
should in that line."
Palling the 'Teeth of the Tropica.
During our talk President Jimenes
referred to the great work that has
been done at Panama In what some' one
has called "pulling the teeth of the
tropics." I mean the sanitation' method
which have turned our canal sone from
being the pest hole of the world to one
of the healthiest spots upon earth. The
president says that ' our work Is being
studied by many of the Latin Am or' can
republics, and that new health methods
are being introduced everywhere. He re
ferred to our fight with the hookworm
and the discoveries made in Porto Rico
saying that Costa Rica was fighting this
paras' te in the same way. '
The country has a medical board, which
gives hookworm medicine free of charge
to all who apply, and It is sending phy
sicians out to study the disease and to
treat the people. 8o far but little Im
pression has been made upon the health
of the country, but the work Is at Its
begnnlng, and In time It will do great
good. Costa Rica is noted for Its live
interest in sanitary matters. It is' now
improving the waterworks at San Jose,
and is bringing In mountain water
through a pipe someth'ng like eighteer
miles long. A new system of sewers If
being introduced, and there are New York
parties here who are putting down blocks
of new streets with a view to making
contracts for repavtng the capital.
An Un-to-nate Nation.
Indeed. I find this little republic in
habited by What might be called the most
up-to-date and progressive people of all
the nations ; of Central . America. It U
still overloaded with the debts due to the
mistakes of the past, but nevertheless It
Is struggling along the road of modern
civilization. It has a good school sys
tem. Education Is compulsory and it is
said that there are more teachers in the
republic than soldiers. There are 32,000
children In the primary and secondary
schools and there are colleges of one
kind or another in most of the citlea.
The gove -"lent is spending almost a
dollar a lt-i per annum on Its educa
tional branch and the cost for every pupil
Is estimated at $12 per year. At the same
rate we should be spending something
like $90,000,000 per annum on our public
The government has a secretary of pub
lic Instruction and the whole country Is
divided up Into circuits and school dis
tricts. Each district has its school board
and every circuit has its Inspector, who
goes about and examines the schools and
the teachers. Some of the high schools
are supported entirely, by the national
treasury, but these have normal training
departments to supply teachers for the
graded schools. The normal schools are
for both men and women and they have
man government scholarships. As It is
now the national government buys all the
text books for the normal schools, but
except in the case of the poor the obU
dren have to buy 'their own books.
In addition to the native schools there
is a large number of the wealthy Oosta
Rlcans who send their children abroad to
be educated. The most ot this class
speak several languages, including the
English. More of the young1 men go to
the United States for their education than
to Europe and many of the young women
are sent to the collegess,and convents of
Books and Newanapera,
One can see something of the literary
tastes of the Costa RIcan by a look at
the book stores of San Jose. There are
a number of excellent ones, and In some
you will find a good supply of English,
French and German literature, Including
our best magazines and the New Orleans
and New York dally papers. As to the
native press, there are a half-dozen dailies
published, but they are mainly folios
and look v like postage stamps In com
parison with the blanket sheets of our
The country has also weeklies, month
lies and annuals. In Llnnon papers are
published in both English and Spanish,
and here at the capital there is one Jour
nal which is printed for the most part
In red type. The advertising rates of the
dailies" are sometlirito like $2 an inch a
month, or 12 cents per Inch for each in
sertion. The paper used is poor and the
illustrations are atrocious.
Posts and Telegraphs.
Costa Rica nas a good postal system.
There are about 200 postofflces, and the
postal matter received in dispatch
amounts to about 7,000,000 packets a year.
It has numerous telegraph offices, and
there is a. wireless which works between
Limon and Bocas del Toro, As to the
rates for telegrams and cables, these are
exceedingly costly. Everything is taxed,
and you pay a fixed rate for your tele
gram and a tax for each ten words In
addition. I sent a cable to Washington
yesterday, and it cost me over 60 cents
a word, and to this I had to add about
17 cents for each ten words or less as the
Costa RIcan tax and 60 cents more as the
Nioaraguan tax, because my cable mes
sage passed through Nicaragua on its
way to our capital. Indeed, the way
things are taxed here is a sin. .very
thing pays a license, and the government
HMif makes all the alcohol. But of these
things I may write more in the future.
FRANK G. CARPENTER.
.: -Ml- ""
, The Exmoor and the Curzon, illustrated here, are two suits which show
why this is a popular store for well dressed men. Both of these suits have
the distinctive character which is the biggest factor of good dress. The
Exmoor, a two button double breasted garment, will be worn much by men
of all ages this season, as win the two button sack Curzon, Many other
styles, equally distinctive, will be found in our Fall and Winter display, con
sisting mostly of . :
Adler's Collegian Clothes
The values in this line bring back our old customers year after year. The
materials which go into these clothes give these garments good shape re
taining and good wearing quality. No other line offers equal variety of
fabrics and shades, both plain and fancy no other line is . in such high
standing among, good judges and careful buyers of clothes. We have a
big display to show. you. Suits and overcoats $15 to $35. ,
By MISS VJilESKA ISURATTOne oftha Queens of ,the American'
Stage, Whose Sflf'Made Beauty Hat Thrilled
" Thousands of TheatreGoers. '.'
THERE are thousands of women today will find remarkable results: In a
who use electricity, .hot-baths, fol- half-pint of cold water, dissolve two
low a diet, over-exercise, wear tight ounces of ruetone and half a cup of
corsets, tight garters, tight collars, and sugar, all well mixed together. Of this,
wonder why their hips are so large, take two teaspoonfuls three or four
why their necks are so sinewy, their times a day In a wine glass of water,
busts so undeveloped,' and their ankles after your meals. . The ruetone will cost
so clubby. We shouldn't blame the you one dollar at any drug store- This
Chinese women for squeezing their feet as you see requires just a moment or
Into mere pega That is their, limit of - two a day. t
distortion. But, we, alleged leaders of , ' ' &'
civilization, squeeze ourselves at the ! Next to fill out hollows In th neck
jmSTJS iS ."'l trNen&ien llS&
"T 1 " ana rorremoving wrinkles you will find
aer wny some parts 01 our . anatomy th(( f 0n0WinI, formula
grow larger than others.
To acquire a beautiful form is much
easier before you have begun to distort
it than afterward. Yet, it is possible for
any woman to Improve her figure, and no
amount of hard work Is necessary.
effective you can imagine. It requires
but a few moments of your time a day.
There is no work about1 it whatever.
.In a large bowl, pour half a pint of
hot water. Place this bowl la a pan of
water on a slow fire. Add two ounces
; . .-. , ' ;- of eptol and continue stirring until all
In the first plaee, . whether you are is dissolved. At first it will look like
over or unaeraevelopea, you, should jeny, inen u win siar 10 cream,
loosen your corset, loosen your-garters, When It does this, remove from the
wear looser necks, avoid the use of that re, aim siowiy iwo taoiespoonruis
form robber, the bust-pad. wear looser ,of glycerine and stir constantly
gloves, looser shoes, looser hose. - And -until cold. Keep In air-tight Jar.
you can do all these things without dis- iou snouia De aDie to get eptoi
arranging your stylish appearance one at any good drug store. and It
whlt. This permits a more free blood should not cost you more than
circulation. That is the first requisite, fifty, centa
Five minutes of exercise in. your room', ,t:APP'y thls create- very
to actuate the muscloa in your arms, liberally every ; morning
shoulders, back and hips, and then a wltn the tips of the
warm sponge bath should be taken every fingers, after wash
evening before retiring; this keeps the 8 yowr face; Rub ;
lungs of your skin, the pores, able to w" " " uu
breathe. You will feel a hundred per til the cream has dis
cern better in a week. Et all you want appeared. :
Now the next and most important step This cream will
Is to care for the bust, which may be not grow hair.
splendidly developed in a few weeks by wni De airaia
using the following formula' which you to use; the cream.
. Put it on thick. .
the more the
Does the Type
Blurr or Run Together
When You Read?
If bo tfere is probably some
thing wrong with your eyes
which if corrected In time will
save you much Inconvenience
la the years to come.
An examination will show
whether or not you need
glasses. ' .
I don't advise glasses unless
positively necessary. '
" R. N. DONAHEY
S0 Brandeia Bldg.
i, I r T " -
41 vie tw
if' v m . r.
It Will Be
Yob Ih1mJ HM
CasUr Yon May Get Rid ef Wrinkles
fill $ i- fr4S
' Aw Pl t
-jr-! ii -a t. 't.
7T mm- mm
I ii3 Valeska V lijf . J i
J , Suratt iU KZj
The formula , f have given
above is unexcelled, too, for re
ducing large hips. In such case,
on applying the .cream, rub
briskly and firmly with a slap
ping motion, every evening be
fore retiring. These simple for
mulas will solve' the problem of
the woman who is seeking to
beautify her form.-. Simple, are
of sarsene, and mix the whole together
thoroughly, then add more water to
make a pint Sarsene Is a liquid which
you can get at the drug store by the.
ounce, ttet it in the original package.
Take one or two teaspoonfuls of this
mixture three of four times a day, with
a little water If desired. This is abso
lutely safe. Never pinch or poke at
pimples. You simply make them worse
they notT But splendidly errec- ana last longer. ,
tlve. ''-' ' '
Many inquiries have been re- An exceptionally large number of re-,
ceived from women who suffer ;a J""",r u ecuvo'
from blackheads and skin erup- hair-grower and I will repeat the for-
tlons. In all ray experience I mul?- hf r or ,tho? who h,aT nt read
have never known any thing " heretofore in these columns. This
which would remove blackheads 'ormul ta unsurpassed for falling hair,
and acne except the following for- dandruff, and for growing hair.
nuia wmcn i nave uvea wnu . r ,r " r
the most remarkable success. " ,Yi a 1 .if 1100 w,ne 0UPC!
of beta-qulnoL Shake thoroughly, and it
V will then be ready to use. If you prefer
- Wm uHn .runHfiTi. ti vml run iisa ImnntsH Kn .. i ,
. " - - , KwiM vmj UUi U1.1C.U
must first be purified. Of thl of the water and alcohol.
there Is no question., A blood .Th beu-qulnol yen can get at almost any
purifier which produces splendid ?s ror noi man tbu Htty cants. This : -
aviiuuM. nun on. inn pini oi in mi ir .
gnwr ud It cofU yon much leas thin a dollar.
Tola formula abould ba applied very freely after
vuBiy iHrvwf ior a lew minuiea
all orer. Rub the tonlo thorougbly Into taa
scalp with the finger tip.
results in a short time, make up '
Dissolve twelve ounces of
granulated sugar in one-half
pint of water, and add one ounce
Everybody reads Bee want ads
i - t
Powered by Open ONI