Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 21, 1912, MAGAZINE, Image 19
T K-r PAST TH5EE MAGAZINE PAGK 03TE 10 loUE The U1V1AHA s TJNDAY 7 Bee PAST THSEE -" MAGAZINE PAGES 05E TO FOTJS 1 VOL. - XII NO.- 31. OMAHA, SUNDAY ' MOBXIXU, JANUARY . 21, 1912. SIXGLE COPY FIVE GENTS. ;f Boys Given New Tight on Life at State Industrial School ? y IK wJ.l . V' TrzaZK: THE TZCZZ .. Ait-s: ..-':m jv WWW iwt-iv.-.u. iyly - v n Y Br B. MARSHALL JfCIAJRK. WITH th opening of pobllc Kbool build ings In Chicago to dancing and other , amusements tend lot to create social ' center to which young men and women will be attracted from the 'streets and public dance balls come editorials from tbe press of the country denouncing the step , as retrogressive In the ultimate object-sought that of substituting good, for bad influences over the future men and women of the country which tbe home bas failed to give.. . ' These editorials deplore tbe fallacy of all schemes that seek to give the influence by means that lead the growing child away from home. That there is a weakness in tbe Influence of the homes of the land Is admitted. Tbe home as the unit of I conization holds the key to the situation, but this t failure of tb borne Is a reality nowhere better ' Illustrated than by tbe Inmates of ths horn pro vided by the state, of Nebraska for boys that have : passed beyond the pal of horn Influence and restraint. This membership has gradually In creased In tbe last twenty-six months from seventy eight to 188 Inmates. - This great family of possibilities Is mads up of 'Individual members adjudged and committed to the car and keeping of the commonwealth, thus throating on the shoulder of the stats proteges that cannot be guided and -controlled by parental discipline or mother's ear; or If denied then, as Is true In many cases, - then thst of relatives or guardians. ... , State Long Ago Took Heed of Boy' Needs Nebraska's bom for boys, established thirty three years ago, and msCe the Nebraska State In dustrial school, but popularly known as the reform school, bas within the last few years made marked advances toward attaining .the desideratum for which it was founded. Today the creed of the in stitution is stated in the trinity character build ing, first; education useful In a business or mechan "ical career, second r and the mastery of a useful trade, that tb young man may become a self-supporting citizen, third. I Tbe policy is changed) from tb objective point of securing sufficient merits to cancel all demerits so that the boy may b paroled to that of a complete mastery of 1 trade. Many Instances of boys with an "honor" month to their credit asking to remain a month, six months or a year longer that they might complete their training in the trade they are learning, or that they might receive further in - traction In their music, serve aa proof of this change. : Each Inmate when committed is given to under- stsnd his equality In every respect to every other boy la the institution. His past record Is not quired Into, nor are, questions asked concerning it. However, a record of that Is secured for the superintendent's reference. Tbe boys are no longer assigned to different grades of punishment by re- , celvlng a different number of demerits to work off. 'The principle of -tbe indeterminate sentence is worked out by giving all boys enrolled an equal number of demerits: the only classification made being one of site. This is necessary for the mili tary drill. It is useful la that the young boy who is overgTown is found better able to associate with fellows cf his sise than those of his sge, and tbe older boy. diminutive In size. Is fcfund lackinr Jr- . .VM'-. .4Mb' ..v.. ' I .4 . ,4 . . . IIV L . V V- JU . ' s . I V&Yft I : z arm. i mm v wy. MmA . x-tJ ?: vj imw. :- 1 wi.rr z -n-c- w ii ---Vr. ii i &t)lh AvXlft . : . .SL 4:- MMMwMM : -x;l v v iw . , J' -' I sT w PVf A-Vy f WJ Jk I . r s W fc r w .. w . - ' IL leadership, so bis Influence on those with whom b , , i NlrVi7 , (ij. 1 L Wi1 , ""ft, f, "iWH is classed Is not necessarily vicious. -5 2tJ3G Mf .SjsC, X: rS? ' ' -t" ' Jiimzr.mivmizJ , j (lWWBTMMMgg ' .- . . JOAIyY TO A SWJ2T , . ' ' ' , Boys Travel Alone on Honor Tbe acme of faith In a boy was reached, It was thought, a few years ago, when the superintendent then in charge ssw fit to hare boys committed to tbe school make the Journey from the place of commitment to tbe institution unattended by an officer. ' A further step is In practice today. Even a bad boy, one who Is not yet on bis "honor" month. Is granted a furlough of one or two weeks', duration. He Is allowed to go to bis bom on a visit and returns a better boy. Since the InsuguraA tlon of this plsn two years sgo there bss not been a boy who has failed to return from such a fur lough. There have been many Instances of escaped boys voluntsrily returning to the Institution,' some arriving at 1 or S o'clock In tbe morning. While all these changes seemingly denote laxer methods than those -employed under the penal system that aped the penitentiary. It Is paradox Ically true that the methods are even more vigilant than formerly. Instead of allowing the boys to spend the nights in the dormitory bedrooms alone, where soundless orgies might be -possible, addi tional night watchmen have been employed to tb extent of having one in each building.. ' Iamates Live a Families Tbe Inmates are divided into five families or grade. At tb bead of each grade, living la tb grade cottage, Is tb grade manager. His duties are multifarious, having general supervision of thos under his charge; seeing that each Inmate deports himself in a proper manner; that each maintains proper cleanliness. Truly a task, for the are American boys. ' He Is their teacher, giving regular class room instruction. He looks after each Inmate's diet, reports all cases of sickness, sees that the re quirements of tbe attending physician are carried out, looks after their clothing as a mother would. noon hour on tbe athletic field. In the evenings tbe play rooms, one located In each cottage, are opened for their amusement and diversion. The school also bas a nice skating pond nearby. Bu balls, bats, masks, gloves, foot balls, boxing gloves, etc,-are hanging on ths hooks of the owners. A strict enforcement of tbe right to private property Is enforced, no one taking th other's cstcblng glove, bat or skates, without permission. In the administration building a well equipped library is at their disposal,, but. contrary to expec tations, tbe books preferred ar not those of fiction. Tb boys favpr books of travel, outdoor life and biography, especially tbat ef great Americans, with Lincoln and Washington, holding prominent places. - " The school system begins with tbe primary Tades. some coming to the school unable to writ keeps a daily record of th deportment of each and their own names. Instruction la given In li sub reports any Infringement of the rules and regula- jects usually taught In. grammar schools. Th tloas to th superintendent He Is held responsible greatest number of tb inmates ar In or below by the superintendent for the discipline of the members in bis cottage. All of this be does for the bountiful stipend of SCS.fS a month. Where it Is possible to secure a manager with a wife and no children th wife holds th position of bouse matron. 8b fills in th lark of feminine love and foresight by such touches here and ther as her maternal Instinct prompts In the alleviating of dis comfort In tbe lives of boys in her cottage. - fihe has general supervision of tbe .cottage, doing that "and-so-forth" element of housework' which takes so much of a woman's time without any apparent result; which, being translated into Nebraska English (pay mean "going back and. forth.". Tb Annates of tbe cottage sleep In th dor mitory, located on the second floor, more for pre caution than for convenlence.'A general undressing room outside of U main bedroom Is provided 'the seventh grade, but studies ar orrered as blgn as the capabilities of th Individuals admit, some students receiving as high as tenth grade high school Instruction. Tbcy attend school four hours dslly, the forenoon usually being devoted to class room instruction. There is practically no differ ence In tbe metbcls employed in their instruction and that given In the )est public schools. Vocational Training I Fcatored. When a boy arrives at tb school hs is at one assigned to" some dpartmont for work. It be "fits in" and takes 10 tbat particular kind of work, he Is kept at that trade during his whole stay In th Institution, or until th' bas thoroughly mastered It. If he fail to f& U1'8 first assignment, then he' Is tried at something else, practically following the-lines of the voca- with hooks, on which the boy hs'ng their clothes - tlonal schools now be'" established In different ' ' cities of the United ! aes. - Thi plan has been In v 1 ' 'vogue In several rountrle of -Europe for a good by night and their nighties by day. ' - All Diae at Same Time ' ' " ' Boys assemble la the morning In time for breakfast, which Is served at. tb general dining room In the industrial building. All Inmate 'dine In the same room simultaneously,-nnder the super vision of managers. After Breakfast tb boys go to their details and school. Is called. .; . . . rermlzsioa is granted for' a short J3' m 12Z many years. ' la the laundry, f"' instance, which ts equipped with all modern app nce of a first class steam Isnndry, a boy fan become skilled In laundry work, and If he " ""P1' n'nself faithfully, on being' paroled he nii.ot fear to accept a Job anywhere. The' nd -Kkin f In- ,stitution is all don In one department, with at up-to-date plant, and a boy with any sort of natural bent for baking or cooking bas ample opportunity to become proficient. It Is a bosst of the institution tbat aa good bread Is produced here as can be made. The negro Inmate ar es pecially fitted for this clsss of work and many of them ar employed here. The result is that when they again go forth Into th world they hav a practical working knowledge tbat tits them to take places as cooks or bakers. In the tailoring department, where those who show any skill with tb needle ar given a chance to perfect themselves, all tb clothing used by th Inmate 1 made, except underwear and socks. Th output of this shop Is no small Item, since each boy ha tvo suits of clothes, on of rough kbskl for everyday us and a neat dress. suit of gray. The caps to match are also made In tbe tailor shop. Here, too, all the patching Is done, snd every morning there Is a pile or clothing at hand waiting repairs. When a boy leaves for home b is given a neat suit of dvilisa elottfes msd to bis measure. Made Fair of Shoe for Governor. Governor Chester H. Aidrlch wss presented with a pair of shoes, lsst Christmas, made in tbe sbo shop of tbe Industrial school. He hsa testi fied they ar delightfully comfortable. The great handicap here. In the view of tbe authorities. Is th absence of shoemaking machinery. All the work Is done by hand. Tbe Juvenile shoe makers turn out a goodly tal of work Just th ssme. Each Inmate bas two pairs of shoes, on for working In and another for dress occasions. Besides, each lad gets a new pair when he leaves the school. Boys with a hunch for farming or dsirying can have the benefit of practical work and lrstructlon In both branches of agriculture; a skilled farmer and dairyman gives systematic Instruction, and farm economics are emphaaised In the teaching. On rented land adjoining tb school grounds th farmer boy raise vegetables, alfalfa, sugar beets and other crops. They also have the task of doing the hauling and cartn&latjiin istsW work- Besides supplying th needs of tb school family the farming is so successful ther Is 'always goodly surplus for Sale. ', On of th most popular trades with , a good many of tbe inmates is that of learning musie snd to "play an instrument. . When a. competent director wss employed for th school this "trad" began to pick up at a wonderful rat. He found! a long-limbed, ungainly boy doing chores about the place, and at once said, "I'll make a cracker Jack trombone player out of that chap. Today tbe former chore-boy. after sixteen months' In struction, will plsy sn entire selectlol of a heavy; overture, under crlticsl Inspection, with bat a cssual glance at the score. Others hav bm quit aa successful with the cornet, clarinet, bari tone horn, flute snd other Instruments. BUtr boys ar now enrolled in tbe band, and not a few have asked perm'stion to remain after their "honor" month 'to perfect themselves aa nual- dsns. How a -oy Works His Way Out. In tbe matter of discipline, it may be sum msrixed thus: On being enrolled, each boy ts given C.0OO demerits. He can win ten merits per day fop good behavior, and these go to cancel his de merit. A perfect record for a month win twenty ftve extra merits. Three months of good con duct win an extra 100 merits, making ITS extra merits for each quarter of perfect deportment. Extraordinary service of any kind wins still other extra merit marks. When h bas canceled all his demerits he enters upon a final month, called "honor" month. Usually tbe boys pass through this final, period without spoiling their, record, and If a good home is awaiting a lad he is paroled for four months. It everything is "right" at the end of four months, the parole I extended fori one year, and this ia again extended, from yea? to year, until tb boy reaches his majority. , Corporal punishment may be given, upon ordes of tbe superintendent, for attempts to escape, for? Immorality and for insubordination.' This ia limited to a good sound spanking on the one ap propriate place provided - by -nature. Tb oc casions for administering this form of punishment ar few and far between. s .