Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 31, 1911, EDITORIAL, Image 12

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:-ie Omaha Sunday Bee
Nebraska Public Schools Under Supervision of Women
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V ' "w ALMA HARLAN CO. l , X l ' ' V fJfS ' 2?
HUZZA. 2T. "&mT
OitTY-FOUR vouien hold the important
oijlce of county superintendent ot
schoola in the state of Nebraska, thus .
tajojice what was Iods considered
the apwial privilege of men aa to
orflco-holiliug in tho great field
wherein the public schools exercise
their influence. These women officeholders draw
salaries ranging from 11,000 to $1,800 u year, the
latter amount being drawn- by Superintendents
Josslo 13. Prytlo of Gage county and Mrs. K. 73. O.
"Williams of Saunders county. Superintendents
Mary K. Foster of Cass and Abbia M. Newberry of
Knox draw $1,600 a year, while eight otherB draw
$1,400 a year, and flfteen get $1,300. Eight are
paid a per dlein of not less than $5 for all tliuu
actually given to the work in the sparsely settled
counties. '
That theso women are successfully discharging
the duties devolving on a county supurinteudciij, la
proven by the fact tliat many of them have been
re-elected from two to four -times by the voters.
The four-time winner in tho list ia Mrs. Genevieve
Richmond of Keith county. The women superin
tendents in Cass, ChaKe, Cheyenne, Clay, Cuming,
Hall, Valley, Wayne and York counties have been
chosen for third terms. Thirty-one In tho list are
serving a second term, which would seem to indi
cate that tho voters of the school districts of Ne
braska give preference to trained administrators of
school affairs regardless of sex. The office of su
perintendent of schoola In the ninety-two counties
of the fat ate ia now held almost equally by men and
women, the nieu having only a shade the best of it.
In the office of the state superintendent of public
instruction the women outnumber the men, having
an assistant superintendent, a head secretary and
tix assistants, besides two members of the board of
examiners for state certificates. Of course, in the
uctual work of teaching the women outnumber the
men probably in the ratio of six to one.
KUeml Has Been Increased
In the case of the county superintendents, It is
rather interesting to note that an Impression is
prevalent among the state teachers that a law
passed at the last session will have the effect of
bringing more men into the race for this office..
The law iu question provides for more liberal com
peiiKatlou fur couuty superintendents, and this is
expected to make the place attractive to men bolil
1:. teaching certificates. Up to this time well
trained, competent men could get more money for
tit air work la cities and towns than iu looking After
IJO rural schools. It must be said, iu this coucec
liou, the recent electiens did not give any strong
evidence of tho dciro for a change in Nebraska.
cuuaUcs already having uomeu eupcriuteuueuU.
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! Kix '' 7ck. curn viz ve
i r brown co. Kill
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in nine counties Boyd, Dakota, Fillmore, Frontier,
Harlan, Knox. Lincoln, Pierce and Sioux. Thus
the women 'candidates were successful in holding
their own, ahd a little better. It ia generally con
ceded that where they set themselves seriously to
the task they prove campaigners worthy of any
man's best effort.
This Is not bard to account for. since a clever
woman, lias a great many opportunities to lmpresa
her personality pn the school community even more
than a man. Her duties take her into every sec
tion of tho county where a school is located, and in
her travels she meets more of the mothers having
children in school than a man would. Itran easily
be understood, too, that she gets closer to the teach
ers, since the rural schools are almost entirely
taught by women.
The duties of a county superintendent are multi
farious and almost never ending. There la all the
routine of the offlco to be attended to, which la no
small chore, even with an assistant, which very
few superintendents have. A great many blanks -are
bandied and distributed through the county su- '
perlntendout's office, nuraeroua reports have to be
made out, examination papers passed on, and a
hundred and one details kept In hand. '
It la the field work, visiting the schools and
supervlaing 'their conduct and management, that
consumes tho larger part of the superintendent's
time, liesldes traveling on trains, much driving
bus to be done, as every school should be visited
ut least once a year, to comply with the state law.
In the compact counties, like Douglas and others in
the eastern section of the state, the superintend
ents find it possible to visit their schools several
times a year. In many of the larger counties, espe-
Roster of Women Superintendents
As a result of the voting in November, men will
succeed women superintendents In only seven couu
tiea Burt, Hitchcock, Johnson, Kimball, Nuckolls,
I'eikiua and ScottsbTuff. Women will succeed uieu
Following aro the counties having women super
intendents, with their postoflice address:
Banner Mrs. M. M. Bellan, Harrlsburg.
Boone Hannah C. Johnson, Albion.
Box Butte Delia M. Keed, Alliance.
Boyd Mabel K. Hadsell, Butte.
Brown Kmma Burritt, Ainaworth.
Cass Mary K. Foster, riattsinoutn.
Chase Leocla Fletcher, Imperial.
Cherry Cora Thackery, Valentine.
Cheyenne Kdltb H. Morrison, Sidney.
Clay Edith A. Lathrop, Clay Center.
Cuinlog Emma K. Miller, West I'otnt.
Dakota Margaret A. Murphy, Homer.
Dawes- Carrie I.. Munkres, Chadrou.
Deuel Vera I.. Yockey, Chappell.
Dundy Lorna L. White, Benkelman.
Fillmore Alice Jennett, Geneva.
Franklin Hutu Erfinan, liloomlngton.
Frontier Ruby P. M. Larson, HtockviUe.
Cage Jessie U. Prytle, Beatrice.
Hall Dorothea Kolla, Grand Island.
Harlan Mrs. Mattlene Bragg, Alma.
Holt Mlnnlo B. Miller. O'Neill.
Keith .Mrs. Gonevleve Hicbtnond, Ogallala.
Knox Abiia M. Newberry, Center.
Lincoln Cleo Chappell, Nonh Platte.
Lo..p Mauel McKluucy, Taylor.
I'.Icl'iierson t lura Nichols, 'iryon.
Merrick Margaret. McCutcbeou, Central Cit,
Mortill Coiu A. Thorn pbow, Bridgeport.
Nance Lucre'la Conaid, Fullerton.
eiu:ila L. Nemaha i larke, Auburn.
i'awiieu Lulu S. Wolford, Pawnee City.
Phelps Iiuldah Peterson, Holdrege.
Pierce l.cttie Hcott, Pierce.
Polk Amelia Kusiuussen, Osceola.
Hed Willow Anna McDonnell, McCook.
Saunders --Mrs. 10. U. O. Williams, Wataoo.
Kioux Mary J. Fenske, Harrison.
Thomas Inez. OaUes, Thedfcrd.
Valley Eva B. Pliumsn, Ord.
Wayne Mrs. Elhle Llttell, Wayne.
Webster Gertrude L. Coon, Red Cloud.
Wheeler Edith HowW. Bartlett.
York Alice Flprtsr, York.
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Yurk, Vork County.
clally In the west, southwest aud northern sections.
If every school ia visited once a year the superln
tendent has been right busy.
Superintendents have the sole supervision of cer
tain Bchools in the counties and exercise partial
supervision over a good many more, in the smaller
Cities and towns having a local superintendent. It
la up to them to see to it that every rural school 1
kept as nearly as possible at the high standard set
by the excellent school laws of Nebraska. In the
case of a certain class of rural schoola, the super
lntendent fills the role of principal, too. .This duty;
.(Continued on Page Six.)