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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 21, 1911)
he Omaha. Daily Bee
VOL. X1J-NO. 100.
omaha, TiirusDAY mohxtnu, dkckmbkk, l'i, i)ii-fouktki:n pa(u:s.
SIXOI.K COPY TWO CENTS.
TAFf MAY TENDER
Dr. Lyman Abbott and Dr. Mary
Eddy Urge President to Offer
Services to Italy and Tripoli
MATTER IS UNDER ADVISEMENT
Under The Hague Agreement Any
Nation May Take Initiative.
LEADERS CALL UPON TAFT
Republican Situation in New York
Laid Before President
TALKS WITH CHAIRMAN BARNES
Call of Head of Stat Committee
Creates Surprise la View of Ilia
Attttnde Toward ha
NEW YORK. Deo. 30. At the sugges
tion of Dr. Lyman Abbott and Dr. Mary
Eddy, an American woman who has
spent many years In Turkey, President
Taft took under advisement today the
tendering of the good offices of the
United Statea as mediator In the Turko
Drs. Abbott and Eddy spent mora than
an hour with the president, urging him
to take some action in the matter. When
Dr. Abbott departed all he would say
was that the president had the matter
Under The Hague agreement any na
tion may tender Its services as mediator
to settle an International dispute.
Political Situation la Sew York.
The republican situation In New
York state was laid before Presi
dent Taft today by leaders rep-
resenting: both the "old guard" and
the so-called "progressives." One of his
first callers was Otto T. Bannard, repub
II can candidate for mayor at the last city
election. After Mr. Bannard came Sam
uel S. Koenig. chairman of the county
committee, and later he had an appoint
ment to receive William Barnes, Jr., state
SAYS SHE SAW WOMAN'S
THROAT CUT WITH KNIFE
GOUDEN, Colo., Dec. . Stella For
glone, who, with her mother, claimed to
have witnessed the murder of Mrs. Maria
Laguardla. near here last August, for
which Mrs. Angelina Oarramone is being
tried, took the s,tand to offer testimony
for' the state today. The girl reiterated
her story of how she held Mrs. Garra-
mone's Infant while the woman drew a
butcher knife across the throat of Mrs.
She told In detail how Mrs. Oarramone
approached the elderly woman from be
hind and called to her that there -was a
bug oh her heck, and as the Laguardla
woman Jerked off her. (fascinator to re
move the supposed bug, seised her head,
drew it back and cut her throat. She
further explained that the Oarramone
woman took from the- dead ' woman's
dress money amounting to, she thought.
YANKTON BOYS AWARDED
PRIZES FOR GROWING CORN
YANKTON, S. D., Dec. 20.-(Speolal.)-
The annual Yankton County Corn show,
held in connection with the annual meet
ing of the county teachers and school
officers, is in session here with a very
lara-e attendance. Awards in the boys
classes have been awarded as follows.
Bovs over 14 and under 1: First. Christ
Brandsen; second. Charles Bloch; third,
Floyd Van Epps. Cash prises were given.
Same class, a different corn, the winners
were Sam Walraven, Harry Nlelson and
For boys under 14 years of age, for two
varieties of corn, the winners were Lloyd
Low. Harry Paulson and Einar Ousted
for one variety, and for the other, Lloyd
Jacob. Chria Nlelson and Willie Schroder,
Prof. Hansen of Brookings, wtie Super
intendent of Publla Instruction and others
are here for the meetings and are deliv
ering addresses at the farmers' gather
MINNESOTA AND MONTANA
WIN CUPS AT LAND SHOW
ST PAUL, Dec. 80. Minnesota today
was awarded the silver trophy cup of
fered by the St. Paul Association of Com
merce for the moet comprehensive state
exhibit at the Northwestern products
show. The announcement was made by
the management after the Judges had
aDent several days making comparisons.
Montana wins the sweepstakes trophy
cup for the largest and the best exhibit
of products from any one state.
The cup was originally intended to go
to one state making the "best display,
Judged on quality of samples, arrange
ment and the comprehensive character of
BOY SMOTHERED TO DEATH.
IN FLAX AT HAMARA, N. D
IIAMARA, N. D.. Dec. SO. Arthur
Knapp, 19 years old, today lost his life
when he was caught in a tilde of flax
and dragged Into an elevator bin. Knapp
was attempting to free a clogged chute
when the flax suddenly started to elide
carrying him with it. The body was
recovered after several hours.
For Nebraska Unsettled.
For Iowa Heavy snow or rain; high
7 a- m.
8 a. in.
10 a. m
Al . IU.
11 m SO
1 p- m
2 p. m
3 p. m. .............
4 p. m
5 p. m
7 p. m. ..........
t a. tn i , I,,
The National Capital
In session at 2 p. m.
President Taft's message recommend
ing material reductions In wool and
oolen tariff rates and transmitting
tariff board's report was read.
Met at noon.
President's message on schedule K.
recommending down ward revision on
wool and woolens, read.
oreign affairs committee agreed on
senate measure abrogating Russian
Consideration or Russian treaty was
begun following the reading of the presi
Berger (Wis.). socialist, introduced
Joint resolution to terminate extradition
treaty with Russia,
Heneta s resolution for Russian treaty
brocatlon was agreed to.
Representative Mai by opposed treaty
abrogation resolution on the ground It
would not help the situation.
Kepresentaive Austin (Tennessee) a
mended (.0,0M appropriation urgent de
ficiency bill for bureau of mines Investi
gations. PACKERS MAKE MOTIONS
First is to Take Case from Jury and
Will Be Argued Later.
OTHERS ARE TO AMEND BILL
Prosecution Resists Attempt to
Strike Oat Sections, Because
They Do Not Mention Ra
CHICAGO, Deo, . At a conference of
counsel for the defense today it was de
elded that several representatives f the
packers would make an opening address
to the Jury immediately following the
close of United States District Attorney
Attorney George T. Buckingham, it is
said, will make the first statement in
behalf of the defendants and will be fol
lowed by Attorneys John 8. Miller, John
Barton Bayne and Levy Mayer. The in
dications are that the government will
not call its first witness before next week.
District Attorney Wilkerson resumed
his address when court opened. He de
scribed with minute detail the working
of the system by which the combination
of packers are alleged to have suppressed
competition and fixed prices.
Directors Fix Prices.
'The crude methods of the old pool were
supplanted in later years by the operation
of the National Packing company, by
which the packers attended weekly meet
ings as directors of the corporation and
fixed prices," said Mr. Wilkerson. "Under
the new system the packers met as dl
rectors instead of as Individuals, although
precisely the same business was trans
acted and the same results obtained.
Prices were decided upon, the country's
meat business divided among the differ
ent members of the combination and the
shipment to different markets agreed
upon." . , v
'Mr. Wilkerson then described the math
od s tf '"ttw' etrnitrtrrstrcmJ"Tff " suppresstog
He said rate wars were started tn cer
tain districts to drive independent pack'
ers from the field. In other instances
troublesome competitors were absorbed
by the combination. He described how
Swarxschlld & Sulsberger, the New York
Dressed Beef company and other inde
pendent concerns were taken into the al-
In concluding, District Attorney WU
kerson read the; indictment.
Three Motions by Packers.
At the opening of the afternoon session
Attorney Levy Mayer said the defendants
had three Important motions to make,
He said the most important motion was
that the court Instruct the Jury to find
for the defendants for the reason that
the government's opening statement failed
utterly to make out a case under the five
counts in the indictment in view of the
United States supreme court's decision in
the Standard Oil company and the Amer
ican Tobacco company cases.
He said the formal presentation of this
motion would be deferred by the defense,
He, however, made two motions which
he asked to have passed on before the
One was that counts two and three of
the Indictment be dismissed or withdrawn
because they did not mention the Na
tlonal Packing company, which the gov
ernment contends was the instrument
used in fixing the prices of meat during
the three-year period covered In the In
The other motion presented was that
tlie Jury be instructed to disregard all
reference is the purchase of the Bchwarxs
child & Sulzberger company and the New
York Butchers' Dressed Meat company
by the alleged combination of packers
for the reason that the merger occurred
before the three-year period covered in
District Attorney Wilkerson argued
against the motions, after which Judge
Carpenter took the matter under advise
ment until tomorrow and ordered court
Flagman for Wreck
on Milwaukee Road
LORTONVILLK, Minn.. Dec. 20. "The
wreck of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St.
Paul train, known as the 'Columbian
flyer at Odessa, Min., on the mornlns
of the 18th, occurred because my flag
man, Roy Law, was not properly flagging
This was the statement of Lawrence
W. GUlick, conductor of the first section
of the wrecked train, testifying before
the coroner's inquest in progress here
today in an effort to fix responsibility
for the death of ten persons and the
injury of a score as a result of the wreck.
EX-PRESIDENT MORALES OF
SANTO DOMINGO ARRESTED
SAN DOMINGO, Deo. SO. Ex-President
Morales with some followers landed to
day on the east coast of 'Santo Domingo,
l'hey were at once taken, prisoners and
are expected to reach this city in the
course of the afternoon. They will be
brought before the court on a charge of
consplrscy. The country is absolutely
Defense in Trial of Marks Sets Trap
for Former Head of Giant Swind
HOW SPOILS WERE DIVIDED
Attempt to Show Nothing; Was Left
ADMITS LACKS MORAL FEELING
Chief of Mikers Confesses to Skill
in Lying. x
BOTH SIDES WELL SATISFIED
Attorney General Cossoa of Iowa
Willing to Hare Mabray's Char
acter Shown In the Worst
1 Ittht Possible.
Attorneys for Benjamin Marks, on trial
at Council Bluffs on an indictment
charging conspiracy, yesterday compelled
John C. Mabray, the chief witness, and
rormerly head of a national swindling
organization, to explain In detail the
twenty-nine riots carried out in Counoll
Attorney General Cassoa of Iowa is en
deavoring to show that efficient polloe
protection was secured from Marks in
consideration of a division of the pro
ceeds ot the robberies on a basis of S
and 10 per cent of the gross receipts.
Mabray s cross-examination was con
tinued yesterday by Attorney John P,
Organ, and under his keen questioning
Mabray confessed to a complete absence
of any moral consideration at any stag
ot his career, and that he hd cqulred
the same skill in lying as he had in steal
The line of questioning pleased Attor
ney General Cosson, who has declared
that he hoped the defense would show
up Mabray In the worst light possible
ana bring out every degree of villainy
that his abnormal character showed. The
attorney general Interposed scarcely an
Defense gets Tran.
The purpose of the defense going into
the details of ch transaction was to
show, bjr brtnjrlnc out all . of the facts
and the mount of the robberies and
Mabray's statement of the division of
the spoils, that there could not have been
much, if anything, left for Marks. Bv
these admissions the attorneys for the
aerense believe they have largely de
stroyed the fore of Mabray's statement
that he paid Marks 8 per cent the first
year ana 10 per cent for the second.
ine -iitue red book" and a private
memoranda captured when Mabray was
arrested at Little Rock were in evidence
au day yesterday, it developed that from
Aprn i to October 18. 1908, Mabray and
ms combination .. obtained 1182.566. Th
record wag In the handwriting of one ot
Mabray, evprtnerg and every oase was
fully verified by him on the witness
stadrrlt-snowi-Vt-SfabraV', share of
the loot was 123,82. Mabray attempted to
account for his disposition of th.
declaring that he did not give any pi
The record also shows that th. .,.",.
w per cent, aggregating SM.897.60. Ma.
"ay lestmed that his bartner n..
celved the same amount as h's did, and
this would leave only 132,000 to meet all
of the expenses.
Mabray was-ied to describe at great
length the numerous other men who
"""uiaiea in the big swindle syndl-
...ciuaing cne alleged "secretary
Who n, a hlirh . "
... ... ...... man. mere were
two other men In addition to themselves
t-.-y-na me roie or millionaires, whom
Ma bra. v tutm - i... j - - ' ' 1
itwiTO i rum i to i per
,... i nen mere were the ex
penses of the fake jockeys. fiht.r.
and traveling expenses of th. '.'
which always Included 'the expenses of
"" mruuBuoui tne entire stage of the
Fglls Dead Beside
Bed of His Wife in
Tfarrv Woo. . . .
' ""i aDout mi years, a
druggist of Schuyler, with drug .tores
there and at Fremont, dropped dead of
heart disease yesterday afternoon in one
Ul lno rons st the Clarkson hospital
while there visiting his wife, who i.
the institution, an operation being per
formed upon her yesterday morning
Tuesday Mr. and Mrs. Westveer came
to Omaha, the latter becoming a patient
l -'arason hospital. Yesterday Mr
Westveer was down in the city and met i
.rienu, vy. n. Morse of Clarks. The two
went up to the hospital and Into the room
oocupiea Dy Mrs. Westveer. Mr. Morse
was standing by the bed, talking with
Mrs. Westveer, her husband standing a
lew leec away. Suddenly, he staggered
and fell Into a rocking chair. The house
doctor was Immediately called and reach
ing the room a minute later, pronounced
Mr. Westveer dead. The body was taken
ii ciuunB oy i.oroner (jrosby. who decided
that death was caused by the bursting of
an artery leading to the heart. The body
will be taken to echuyler for burial.
Prior to his sudden demise, Mr. West
veer had bVn in perfect health, never
having complained of any heart, or other
FARMERS' CONGRESS WANTS
LOCAL ASSOCIATION NAMES
LINCOLN. Neb., Dec. SO. (Special.
The following statement waa Issued by
the Nebraska Farmers' congress today.
Representation at the Joint convention
of tlm Nebraska Farmers' congress, state
associations of farmers, shipping awovla
tlons and Mural Life commission at
Omaha, January 10 to U, la una dele
Kate at large and one for every ten mem
bers from any association in Nebraska
computed of farmers. This office has a
list u follows:
Twenty iUe state associations.
Sixty county fair associations.
rtlxty-flve Farmers' Mutual Insurance
Two hundred and fifty Farmers' In
Two hundred and fifty Farmers' Ship
Twenty five granges.
Fifty mlsrallaneous farmers' elubs,
mutual telephone associations, etc.
We will consider It a favor for any
secretary of an association of farmers
to report same to the secretary of the
Nebraska Farmers' congress.
W. a. pKLANO,
Secretary Nebraska Farmers' Congress,
laoi a Street. Lincoln, Neb.
r ft. yr1 j f
S1 ' ' 1
"Look, Ma, Won't Santy Be
From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
REPORT ON WOOL SCHEDULE
Tariff Board Suggests General Revi
sion of the Duties.
MANY RATES ARE PROHIBITIVE
It Is Kngarested that Tax Be Baaed
on Scrnbbed Wool and Xot on
Grease and Wool Com
t ' v .- ' " ' kiss.
WASHINGTON. Deo. .-rThe tsrlff
board's report on schedule X, sent to
congress today by President Tsft. '.fug-
gfsts a general revision of the duties on
wool snd woolens, and many individual
reductions In the rates.
The board makes no recommendations,
but points out what changes are desired.
In nearly all classes of the schedule the
board's experts report the majority of
the rates of duty prohibitory, and con
demns thV systems of levying them.
The report points the way to two great
changes In the present system of levying
duties upon raw wool and finished cloth
It would srschs duty on scrubbed wool
not wool and grease combined, And sug
gests a graduated scale of ad valorem
rate on cloth,
On raw wool the board finds the- present
system of levying duty, bad, and the
duties higher than the difference In coat
of production In the United States as
compared with the cost abroad. The
method of levying duty Is condemned be
cause It charges for grease as well as for
wool and operates to keep out of this
country the hesvy shrinking woolens,,
On tops, of which yam Is made, the
present rate of duty Is fourUi, to be pro
hibitory. It costs SO per cent more In the
United States to .convert tops Into yarn
than it does anywhere clsej On yarn,
from which cloth is 'woven the present
rate of duty Is found , to be prohibitory,
because it keeps out all except the finer
Cloth Rate Prohibitive.
On cloth tho present ' rate of duty Is
pronounced prohibitory on heavy weight,
cheap and medium grade cloths, princip
ally because of the specific compensatory
duty which fixes a certain charge per
pound before the ad valorem rate be-
(Continued on Page Klght.)
Everyone eligible, it costs
nothing but a little thought
ana there are eighteen valu
able prizes awarded -each week.
LooU ior rule of contest on
Following are the merchants and
tl.e prices tney oiler lor ln bust
Ullyiki suuuiitleU to tnulil.
vuit Jewelry o., genuine dla
mono j ii. ; vaiue. Slo.
Uiiutna ilsLiric- Light Power
Co., electric toaster; value. .la.
teunueriuiid tiros. Coal Co., t4
ereu.t on an oruer of cue or inure
tons ot coal.
Aiaiuito Creamery Co., firt
prUa. IS milk ticket; second pnia.
. ucmii; miru prlxe, 1
In 1 1 h tKket.
Tailor bm. IS due bill on a suit.
Krug iirewing co., one case
Itiiler Liquor Co., one yuan best
rarrell 8yrup Co., one caae as
I ten liisvjit Co., 13 assortment
Of lieu package goods.
Steptiuna' ' oiiops fur Men,' a 1
liayden Bros., (piano d -.
ment) a lady's handsome um-fcre"a-
Tracy Bros. Co., a "Tracy" sani
tary silver mounted briar pipe or
a box of twenty-five "T-Be-. e."
Dyball's candy biiop, oue large
box of candy.
In addition to the above The Bee
will award five 11 prises to the
five next best Daffydll writer.
Glad When He Sees How Nice We've Cleaned the Chimbleyt"
Preacher Charged !
With Murder of Girl
Nearly Kills Self
BOSTON, Mass., Deo. W.-IUv. Clarence
V. T. Richeson, 'Who la confined In the
Charles street Jail awaiting trial on the
charge of murdering Miss Avis Llnnell,
out himself with a piecs of tin early
The ant of the minister Is not regarded
by the Juil officials as un attempt to com
mit sulclds, althoOtfli ' there appeared to
be some doubt on this point among the
The attendants at the Jail heard a dls- I
turbance in Klcheson's cell early 'in the
morning, and when they Investigated
they found the prisoner In great agony.
He hud gashed himself with a sharp,
Jagged piece of tin which he had con
verted into a sort of knife.. When the
guards approached the prisoner and In
quired what the trouble was, Richeson
"I've cut myself; I'm bleeding to
The prison doctor was hurriedly called,
and when he Innpected Richeson he found
that the man had cut himself severely
near the groin. Other surgeons were
sent (or and their hasty arrival caused
considerable excltoment among the pris
Four surgeons worked over Richeson
for some time and It was found necessary
to resort to a drastic operation. Riche
son was put under the Influence of an
anesthetlo and the operation, which was
performed shortly before daylight, was
said to be successful.
The prisoner was not removed from the
Jail during the early morning hours, the
surgeons working In the hospital section
of ths prison.
Governor Will File
(From a Staff CoireHpondent.)
LINCOLN. Neb., Dec. 20. (Special.)
Governor Aldrlch set at rest today some
speculation as to his Intentions by an
nouncing that the latter part of next
wet-k or the fore part of the week fol
lowing he would fllo ills primary peti
tion for retiomlnation for governor. Tl i
had been talk In some circles that he
would enter the senatorial contest and
that Ueurge ("oupland, reent of the uni
versity, would, among others, file for the
republican gubernatorial nomination.
Governor Aldrieh announced positively
today that his filing fur the governor
ship would be made and that unless some
unforseen circumstances Intervened to
delay tho perfection of the petition. It
would b filed on the duto named. Fur
ther than to announce his Intention to
file, the nove l nor did not care to discuss
TECUMSEH OPENS BIDS FOR
SEWER AND WATER MAINS
TECl'MSBII. Neb., Dec. 3.-(Hpecial.)
There were five bidders fur the construc
tion of the proposed sewerage mains and
improvements to' (lie present system of
water works In Teeumseh. The bids were
opened by tho city council lust evening
and were a follows:
" firdner, Lincoln, sewer, Sfi.&tt;
wster, $17, ZJ).
. ry, Harlan, la., sewer, S6.7U;
C. it. McKay, Omaha, sewer, S0.4M);
I ana Coni-t ruction company, Harlan,
la setvir. S7.hU.M; water. fl7.j00.t.
Inti r-Mounialn XrldKe and Conoti uctlon
company, 'I ecnmsi ti. Neb., sewer, ii,'J6i,
The bonds accompanying the bids were
returned to all bidders with the excep
tion of Mr. Gardner and the Inter-Mountain
Bridge and Construction company,
who were the lowest, the Tecumseh con
cern being the lowest of all.
The contracts probably will be awarded
at the regular monthly meeting of the
i i tar
SENTENCE PASSED ON KELLY
Judge Bradshaw Gives Bluffs Doctor
DOES HOT PASS UPON GUILT
Overrules Motion for Judgment on
Verdict of Insanity Trial on
Charge ot Slnrder of Woolman
... . .. Fixed for Jannarr IT, ' 'v'
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
PES JUOlNEH, la,, Dec. 20. (Special tele
gram.) In passing sentence on Dr. Harry
Kelly of Council Bluffs, and giving him
an lndnrtermlnate sentence at the stats
reformatory today. Judge Bradshaw of
the district oouct made no comment Indi
cating his belief In the guilt of the de
fendant, nor did he pass on the question
whether the Jury believed that the in
sanity of Kelly had nothing to do with
the killing of Edmund Sterling. The
Judge was very brief in his remsrks,
stating that he was unable to find any
authority that would help him In deciding
a novel question presented to him.
"If the court sustains the motion for
judgment on the verdict of insanity," said
the Judge, "that ends the case, but. If It
la overruled and sentence Is pronounced.
and afterward a higher court reverses
the cane, then no substantial harm has
been done. The court Will therefore
overrule the motion."
The sentence was an Indeterminate on
Lfpr manslaughter. Motion was made for
a new trial and notice of appeal was
taken. Dr. Kelly was atone wheft sen
tence waa pronounced. The defense asked
thnt a time be fixed for trial of Kelly on
the Indictment accusing him of the mur
der of Clarence Woolmuli and the court
fixed this for January IT.
Two Sudden Deaths
Near Grand Island
GRAND IHLAND, Neb., Dec. -(Special.)
Richard Nlemoth, one of the well
known young farmers of I,aks township
in Hull county, fell dead Monday evening
at the home of Joseph Buchflnck, where
he was watching a corn shredder work.
Heart failure is attributed as the cause.
At the home of Christ Mueller, not far
distant from the Nlemoth home, a son,
aged 13 years, died suddenly of spinal
meningitis. The school in the district
was closed to prevent a possible spread
of the disease.
The camp&lgn at the plant of the Amer
ican Beet Hugar company closed today
after one of the most successful runs In
the history of the factory here. The
last sugar beets were sliced yesterday and
the last sugar was put up that evening.
The wdrk of cleaning up will be rushed
so that the factory can tie closed by
Saturday night nnd all will be able to
spend Christmas at home. Contracts for
the coming season are coming In fast.
F. F. Kanert, who was found guilty by
a Jury on a statuory charge here, . was
last evening sentenced to seven years In
the penltentltary by Judge Paul of tho
dtxtrict court. A motion for a new trial
was argued In the cu.ic, but waa over
ruled. The ruse will be appealed to the
BRIDAL COUPLE SWINDLES
NEW YOrtK. Dec. W. The police are
searching today for a thrifty bridal
couple who have been married at leant
seventy-five times, each ceremony coat
ing au unsuspecting clergyman tlti.
Kvery minister who smiled over them
and bade them good fortune and success
is the possessor of a M check for which
he gave f 10 In change. The checks were
bad. It Is an entirely new swindle and
was apparently worked with the greatest
TAFT SAYS WOOL
President Sends Report of Tariff
Board on Schedule K to
REDUCTIONS ARE RECOMMENDED
Rates on Many Classes of Wools and
Woolens Are Prohibitory.
SOME HIGH GRADES EXCLUDED
These Should Be Used Instead of the
Cheaper Substitutes Admitted.
REPORT HAS ROUGH SAILING
Demoerata Hear It In Silence and
an Kffort la Made to liefer It
to Committee Withoat
WASHINGTON. Dec. 20.-The tariff
board's report of Its Investigation ot the
wool Industry struck rough water as soon
ss It reached the democratic house today.
At the conclusion of the reading of the ..
president's message, which was greeted
with applause by republicans and silence
by the democrats, an attempt was made
to have the report referred to the ways
and means committee without printing.
Both the message and the report finally
were left on the speaker's tabls until'-
The report shows that the existing du
ties on many classes of wool and wool
manufactures are prohibitory and greatly
In excess of the difference In the cost o,
production here and abroad. The duties
are so arranged as to keep out 'of the
Vnlted Plate entirely wools of finer qual
ities which if Imported might be used to
displace the cheap substitutes now em
ployed. President Tnft calls attention to these
points nnd urges that a revision of the
schedule be proceeded with at once.
He characterises the - report of the
tariff of the board as the most complete
ami exhaustive statement of a difficult
and complicated subject ever presented
to a legislative body. He declares It a
monument to ths thoroughness, Industry,
Impartiality and accuracy of tho men en.
itaged In Its making. He also dwell
with emphasis upon the fact that the re
port is a unanimous one snd asserts the
belief that it will convince all of ths wis
dom of making the tariff board perms
Neither the president .nor the .board
proposes definite rates of duty, Mr. Toftv
holding that the function of the bosrd
merely Is to present findings of fact on
which rates ot duty may be fairly deter
mined In the light of adequate knowledge
and In accord with the economlo policy
to be followed. President Taft recom
mends that the proposed revision adhere
to a policy of protection based upon the
differences In cost of production at. home
Meaea&e , of President... . j
' TH his message, rafter referring briefly
to ths creation of the tariff . board, the
president says: '
"In my message of August 11, 1911, ac
companying the veto ef the wool bill, I
said that, in my Judgment, schedule K
should bo revised and the rates reduced.
My veto was based on the ground that,
sines the tariff board would make in De
cember a detailed report on wool and
wool manufactures, with special reference
to the relation of the existing rates of du
ties to relative costs here and abroad,
publla policy and a fair regard to the in
terests of the producers and the manu
facturers on the ons hand and of ths con
sumers on the other, demanded that leg
islation should not be hastily enacted in
the absence of such information; that I
was not myself possessed at that time
of adequate knowledge of the facta to de
termine whether or not the proposed act
was in accordance with my pledge to
support a fair and reasonable protective
policy; that such legislation might prove
only temporary and Inflict upon a great
Industry the evils of continued uncer
tainty. "I now herewith submit a report of the
tariff board on schedule K. The board la
unanimous in Its findings. On ths basis
of these findings I now recommend that
congress proceed to a consideration of
this scheduls with a view to Its revision
and a general reduction of Its rates.
Baals ot Assessment Wrong.
"The report shows that tn' present
method of assessing the duty on raw
wool that Is. by a specif to rate on the'
grease pound (t e.) unscoured operates.-,
to exclude -wools of high shrinkage in
scouring, but fine quality, from the Amer-"
lean market, and thereby lessens the
range of wools available to the domeetlo
manufacture; that the duty on scoured
wool of S3 cents per pound is prohibitory
and operates to exclude the Importation
of clean, low priced foreign wools of In
ferior grades, which are nevertheless val
uable material for manufacturing, and
which cannot be Imported In the grease
because of their heavy shlnkage. Such
wools, if Imported, might be used to dis
place the cheap substitutes now in use.
"To make the preceding paragraph a
little plainer, take the Instance of a hun
dred pounds of flrst-olass wool. Imported
under the present duty, which is II cents
a pound. That would make the duty on
the hundred pounds 111. The merchanta-
(Continued on Pegs Klght.)
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