Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 08, 1911, Page 4, Image 4

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    TAFT '"AN" PmtJPTnW IVFMPQ
Inl 1 JL I UULlUll ft! fnlrVO
Prtiident Sends Message to Conjreis
on External Eelations.
SBSSSsSSSslsssss.
ARBITRATION THE GREAT ISSUE
nli f ths- Ws-rlJ Moilnc
Mr (irnrrtl AppllratlnB
f the rrln-lplr-om
Drltllt of the Work.
(Continued frjm. lirt I'ge )
Galveston, and a mill squadron of ship
s)1 SBu Dlesa. At th name time: through
tr representative at .Uia.A.'Uy of Mexico.
I expressed to President, ilt.a the hope
that no apprehensions might 'result from
unfounded conjoin urea mm o. Uim mill.
trr maneuver, ami fturd him that
they had no altniricanca which should
(suss concern to hla go-vVriiment. ,
."I am more than happy' to here J-ectiM
tha fart that nil apprehension's ns to the
effect of the presence of o l.ir- a mili
tary force In Texaa prove! ' groundless
no diaturban'M occurred; the conduct of
ta troopa waa exemplary and the public
reception and treatment of them wssvall
that could have bees dealrel. and thia
tiot1thata.ndlng tha praaenca of a large
number of Mexican refugee In tha border
territory. .'
r'Tha preaenc' of a large military and
naval force available for prompt action,
near tha Mexican border, proved to be
moat fortunate tirtder the aniewhat try.
lag conditions presented by thla Invasion
of American right. Had no mowment
theretofore taken place, and because of
these eventa II hud been neceseary then
te bring about tha mobilisation; It must
have had. sinister algnlflcanc. On tha
other hand., the pretence tf the troopa
before and at tha Una of the unfortunate
killing and wounding of. American . cltl.
sens at iJouglaa. made clear that the re
atralnt exerclaed by our government In
regard to thia occurrence wail not due to
s, lack of force or power to deal with It
Promptly and agreaalvaly but wga due
to, a, reavl dralre to uae every meana pos
sible to avoid direct Intervention In the
affair pi our neighbor, whoea friendship
we valued. and were most anxloua to re
teJn. ' '
j' Tha policy and, action of this govern
ment were based upon, an earnest friend
liness for tne Vctltari people , a whole
and it la a )p Iter of gratification to not'
that thla attitude of strict Impartially na
p all factions la Mexico -and or-mcre'
fTfendahlp for . the neighboring nation,
without regard for party -allegiance, has
heen fenej-aliy. moirnJisd. and has re.
suited In an even nloser and mora sym
pathetlo understanding between the two
republics and a, warmer regard one for,
tha other. Action to suppress violence
and reatolrs' tranquillity throughout the
Mexlcaa ropubllo was of peculiar Interest I
to thla government. In that It concerned
the safeguarding of American life and
property in that country. The govern
ment of the rn'ttd states had occasion to
accord permission for the passage of a
kodr of Mexican ruralea through Douglua,
Aria., ta Tla Juan. Mexico, for the aup
presslon .of (several lawlessness which
had for soma time existed in tha region
ot northern Lower California. On May
. 1911. Praaldent Dial resigned. JSenor de
1 Barra, waa chosen provision! president.
Elections for prssbient and vies president
were thereafter held threughout tha re
public, and fenor Franclaoo I. Madero
wss Torhiftlly declared elected on October
1 to the chief magllracy. On November
President,,, Mads ro etnened upon the
duties of his efflcs,
-Since- the Inauguration of President
Madero a Plot a been unearthed agnlnit
th present government, to begin a new
Itiaursctlon. Pursuing the same ctnais
tent policy whir), (nla administration hits
adopted from tha beginning, it directed an
Investigation conspiracy charged,
nd this investigation has resulted In the
ladlctment of Ueneral Bernardo Iteyea
and othsi-s and tha. sslsure of number
of officers and men and horses and ac
coutrsmenU aseembled upon tha as of
Texaa for tha purpose of Invading Mexico
Kimtlar proceedings had been taken dur
ing the Insurrection agalnat the Diss
government, resulting in tha mdk-tmentr
nd prosecution of persons found to It
engaged in violating the neutrality la,
of the United Plates In aid of that tin
rising. Tha record of thla government In re
pect of the recognition of constituted
authority In Mexico therefore Is clear.
tent rat America.
As to tha situation in f.ntral Amer
1 l'ara tshen occasion In tha past to
emphaalsa most strongly tha Importance
that should b attributed to the consum
mation of tha conventions between the
republics of Nicaragua andf Honduras
and this eountri. and I again earnestly
lecommend that tha necestary advice and
consent of tha senate be accorded to
thesa treaties, which will iuak It poasl
ule for three Central American rrpubllca
to enter upon an era of genuine economic
national dvcloumant. The government of
Mcara.ua,-whlci., haa. already; taken fv.
ibf tulvuf w, Ilia .oonventlon, v has
found It necessary, pending the exchange
otf final ratlflratlona. to enter Into ne
Kytlatlons with American bankeis for
the purpoWf sccunpg- g temporary lo
ta relieve the ptrs.'nc flnamlaj 'tcnsluu.
J Q connection w!tt 'this temporary loan
hd In ta hou' of , ro-uaummattfig,
throush thri ultiniiii ...... .
----- - . wiiuii i, i ma
nvention. a complete and lusting eco-
.ihc regeneration, the government of
naragua has lao decided to engage
an American citlaen as collector ei..r.i
of cuatoma. The claims commlsalun on
hion the services of j-0 American cit
Itmis have teen sought, and the work
of the American financial advl.er should"
ocompllsti a . lasting good of loestlma
M benent to the pioprlty. ' commerce
and peace ,f the republic, ji, conalder
ilig tha ratification of the conventions
with Nicaragua and Uonduias. there
rests with the United Bistre the heavy
eeponrtWIIty of tlie.sct that lhlr re
action here might destroy the pi ogress
made and conkhjn the republics concernrd
10 still deeper submerged e In bank
"tl'tcy, revolutloa .and national jeou
xiiy. i raaaata.
"Our relations with' the nepubllc of
1-a.nsjiia, pec uliarly In portsni. due to
p.utual obligations and the n Interests
ciealed fcyita canal, have continued
iu the usual frteudly manner, and we
he been glad to make appropriate ex
prelon of our attitude of sympathetic
leierest In th eiidavos of our neighbor
la undertaking the development if Ui
J.ch resources of the country. With
reference to the Internal political affairs
A the republic-, our obvious concern I
-;lhe maliteuanc of public peac and
unsillutlonal cider, and the fostering of
the general Intereeia created by the actual
relatione of the live lountrloa. altbout
lre manlffstsilon of any pnfeience for
tl.O succeea of either of the politics!
laities.
'TUe I'sn-AmcrUan I'nlon, forn.eily
:i,s the Hurr.u vf Aliieri.n He-
"rlbiitlmi of mrth'"AmTlrn nstlons,
I hss during tho pnst jeir rnlr.v It
practli al work aa an InternHtlonal
sanitation, and rnnllnnrn to prove Its
ii-Mnuinpn as an agency lor ine mutual
development of commerce, better a'-.
qualntance, and i Inner Intercourse be
tween the.fnlted Plate and her sister
American republics.
thine Loans.
"The past year ha been marked In our
relations with. China by the conclusion
of two important InternatlonHl loans,
one for llif construction of the Jluknang
railway, the other for the carrying out
cf the currency reform to which china
was pledged by treaties with the Cnlted
Ptates,' Orent Hrltalir. and Japnn, of
which mention wss made In my lat an
nuel 'mersHge.
'It wlll hs remembered that early In
IXOJ., an . agreement waa consummated
among Hrltlsh, French and Oerman
fltnrnrlgt- group,' 'trhereby they pro
poied to lend the Chlneae government
funds for the construction of railway
In the provlnnea of Hunan and Unpen,
reaervina; for their nations t lie privilege
of, engineering the coiistructon of the
lines and of furnishing the material re
quired fof fhe work. After negotiations
with the government and groups con
cerned an agreement wa reached
whereby American, Hrltlnh, French and
German national should participate
upon equal terms In this Important and
useful. undertaking. Thereupon tho finan
cial group, supported by heir .respective
governments, began negotiation with
the Chinese government which terminated
In a loan, to China of W,0ou,OWi, with tha
privilege of increasing the amount to
I.'iO.OijO.OOO. The co-operative construction
of these trunk lines should he of Im
merse advantage, materially and other
wise, to China and should greatly facil
itate tha development of tha bountiful
resources of the empire, On tha other
hand a larie portion of these funds 1 to
be expended for material. American
product having equal preference with
those of tha other three lending nations
and as the contrsct provld for
btanches and extension subsequently to
be built on the same terms tha oppor
tunities for American material will
reach connlderable proportion.
"Knowing the Interest of tha Cnlted
Ktates n Ike reform of Chinese currency,
Ihs Chinese government, In tho autumn
of 1910. sought the aaststsn.ee of tha
American government to procure funds
with which to accomplish- that all-lm
portsnt reform. In the course of the
subsequent negotiations there was com-.
blned With the proposed currency loan'
one for certain industrial developments
In Manchuria, the two loana aggregating
the gum of S'AOOO.oOO. While thla waa
originally to be solely an American enter
prise, the American government, consist
ently with Its desire to secure a sympa
thetic and practical co-operation cf the
great powera toward maintaining the
principle of equality of opportunity and
tha administrative Integrity of China,
urged the Chinese government to admit
to participation in the currency loan the
assnoisteg of the American group In the
tlukuang loan. While of Immense Im
portance In Itself, tha reform contem
plated In making this loan Is but pre
liminary to other and more comprehen
sive fiscal reformr. which will be of
lncslcuable benefit to China and foreign
Interests alike, since they will strengthen
the Chlneae empire and, promote the rapid
development of International trade.
ratral Klaaarlal Adviser.
"When these negotiations were begun
It was understood that a financial adviser
waa to be employed by China In connec
tion with the reform, and In order that
absolute equality In all renpects among
the leading nations rplght ba.sorupulously
observed, the American government pro
posed the nomination 'of a neutral ad
viser, which was agreed to by China and
the other governments concerned. On
Hrptombcr 13, .It'll, Or. Vlascrlng, presi
dent of the Dutch Java bank and a
financier of. wlda experience In the ortrnt,
was J eeommended to the Chinese goverii
inunl for the post of monetary advlerr.
"Especially Important at the present,
when the ancient' Chinese empire la
shaken by civil war Incidental to Its awak
ening to the Influences and activities of
nuderUallon, are the co-operative policy
of good understanding which has been
fostered by the International projects re
ferred Id above and the general sympa
thy tit view among all the powera Inter
ested In tha far east. While safeguarding
tho Interesta of our national, thla gov
ernment la using its beat efforta III con
tinuance of Ha traditional policy , of eym
pa Ui y and friendship toward the Chines
empire and Its people, with the contl-J
oeni pope tor tneir economic ana adminis
trative development, and with the con
stant disposition to contribute to their
welfare la all proper ways consistent with
an. attitude of strict Impartiality a be
tween contending factions.' :
"For the first time In ths history of
the two countries, a Chinese cruiser, tha
llalchl, under the command of Admiral
Chlng, recently visited New York, where
the officers and men were given a cor
dlsl welcome.
.
,, Jasaacse Treaty. .
, '.'The. treaty of commerce and navigation
between the Cnlted Htatra and Japan,
elgned in !M, would by a strict Inter
pretation of Its provisions have termin
ated on-July K, ,'lfJJ. . Japan's general
trcailys svrth the' other powers, however,
terminated In It'll, and the Japanese gov
ernment expressed an ' earnest desire to
conduct the negotiation for a new treaty
with the Cnlted rttatea simultaneously
with lis negotiations with the other pow
ere. There were a number of Important
dueotluus Involved In the treaty. Including1
the Immigration of laborers, levlaloti of
the customs tariff, and thu rlfht of
American to hold real rstale In Jttpau.
The I lilted Htutes consented to waive all
technlcallttea and to enter at onco upon
negotiations for a new treaty on the un- f
demanding that there should be a con
II nuance throughout the life of the tresty
of the saiiic effective measures fr the
restriction of Immigration of Isborers to
American territory which had been In
Olertloii with entire satisfaction to botli
governments since 1MK. The Japanese
government accepted this basis of nego
tiation, and a new treaty waa iiuickly
coucluded. resulting In a highly satisfac
tory settlement of ths other questions
referred to. I
"A satisfactory adjustment alo has ;
oeen eiiciei or (lie questions growing,
out of the annexation of Korea by Japan.
visit of
Togo to the Cnlted f tales as the nation s
guest a I forded a welcome opportunity tu
demonstrate the friendly feeling so hap
pily existing between the law rouiilrlc...
Ilsres anal the Near Kasl.
"In Curooe ana the near east during
t tie last twelve-month H ere lias been at
times considfi able political iinrcat. The
Moroccau question, which for some
monthj was Die cause of great anxiety,
happily appears to hr.vr reached a stage
at which it need r longer-be regarded
with roinein. Ths Ottoman empire was
occupied for a period by atrife In AlbanU
aud If now at war with Italy. In Ureec
ml the He'kaa loumrir Jjtia. (Urqu'etinc I
niK HKK: OMAHA. FJU1MV, DECEMBER
J pot fnf ImIM ia t,t this situation have been
' nmre or less frit. Persia hss bssn the
scene of a long Internal struggle. These
conditions have been tho cause of un
easiness In Kuiopean diplomacy, but thus
far without direct political concern to
the Cnlted Htates.
"In the war which unhapplfy eilHts be
tween Italy and TurMy this government
has no direct political Interest, and I
look occsMion at tha suitable time to
Issue proclamation of neutrality In thst
conflict. At the ssme time si 1 1 nececsary
step have been taken to safeguard the
personal Interests of Amrtnan rltlsens
snd orgsnir.atlon Insofar a affected by
the war. '
I nmmeree with the rsr ICast.
"In spite of the attendHnt economic
uncertainties and detriment to commerce,
(lie Cnlted States ban gained marfcediy. In
Its (ommerciHl Ktandlng with ' certain of
the nations tif the tiexr e,lt. Turkey,
especially, is beginning . to nm Into
closer relation with the Cnlted Suites
through the new interest of American
manufacturers nnd eaporters in the pos
sibilities of those regions, and it l hoped
that foundations- me being . Isld ' for u
Urge and mutually bennflclal exchange
of commodities brtween the two countries.
The new interest of Turkey In American
goods Is Indicated by the fact that a
party of prominent merchants from a
Iwrge city In Turkey recently visited the
f ritted ftatcs to study conditions of tnn
ufacturo and eport heie, and to get into
personal touch v.-lth American merchant,
with, a 'view to co-operating more intelli
gently iu opening un the markets). of
Turkey and the adjacent countries te our
manufactures. Another InditaUpn of this
new intercut of Amerlca' ln the -commerce
of the nrar esst Is the recent visit of
ft largs party of American merchants ami
manufacturers to central and eastern
Europe, where they were entertelned by
prominent official and orgirrlsstlons of
the large cities and new bonds pf friend
ship and understanding were established
which can but lead to closer and greater
commercial Interchange.
Hauls,
"By direction of the Pilate department
our amhasnador to Russia -hss recently
been having a series of conferences with
the minister of foreign affaire of Russia,
with a view to securing a clearer under
standing and construction of the treaty
of 18S2 between fiiissla' and the Cnlted
mates, and the modification of any ex
isting; Russian regulations which -may be
found to Interfere in any way with the
full recognition of the rights of American
cltlxena under this treaty. ; f believe that
the government of Russia Is addressing
Itself serloualy lo the need of changing
tha present practice under the treaty,
and that sufficient progress lias been
made to Justify, the contlnusnce of these
conferences In the hone, that there msv
soon be removed any Jnscifloatjon of the
complaints of tresty violations now pre
valent In this oountry. I hop. thst Im
mediately after the Christina recs I
shall be able to make a further com
munication on this subject.
settlement with CJrrat Britain.
"As the rrault of a determined effort on
the part of both Ureal Britain and the
United mates to settle all of their out
standing differences a number of treaties
have been entered Into between the two
countries In recent yesrs, by which
nearly all of tho unsettled questions be
tween them of any Importance have
either, been adjusted by agreement or
arrangements mads for their settlement
by arbitration, A number of the un
settled questions referred to .consist, of
pecuniary claims presented by each
country agulnst ths other, and In order
that as many pf these claims a posslbls
should be settled by arbitration a special
agreement for thst purpose was entered
Into between the two governments on
August IS, 1310, In accordance with article
I of the general arbitration treaty with
Oreat Uritaln of April 4. imss. Pursuant
to the provisions of this special agreement
a schedule of claims lias already been
agreed upon, and the special agreement,
together with this schedule, received the
approval of the senate when submitted
to it for that purpose at the laat session
of congress. Negotiations between the
two government for the preparation of
an additional schedule of claims are al
ready well advanced, and It Is my Inten
tion to submit such schedule as soon as
It Is agreed upon to thesenate for lt
approval. In order that ths arbitration
proceedings may be undertaken at an
early date, in this connection the atten
tion of congress Is particularly called to
the necessity . for an appropriation to
cover the exnenae Incurred In submitting
these claims to arbitration. -
International Prise Canrt,
"The supplementary protocol to Thu
Hague convention for the establishment
of an International prise court, men
tioned in my last annual message, em
bodying atlpulation providing for an al
ternative procedure which would remove
the constitutional objection to that part
of The Hague convention which provides
that there may be an appeal to the pro
posed court from the dectxions of na
tional courts, has received the signature
of the governments parties to the origi
ns! convention and has been ratified by
the'goveriimi'iit of he Cnlted Mate,-together
with the prise court convention.
"The deposit of the ratifications .with
the government of the Netherlands s walls
action by the powers on thsdrclarstloii,
signed at Loudon on February X, psjj, of
the rules of International law to be rec
ognised witbki tha meaning of article 7
of The Hague convention for the eetat;-'
llshnient of an international prise court. '
l'ue.tl Treaty.
"The fur-seal controversy, which for
nearly twenty-five yrais has leen the
source of serious friction between the
l ulled Mates and tin ivium boideilug
upon the north Pacific ocean, n hoae
subjects have been permitted to engage
pelagic sealing ngali.st the fur-seal
tions! having their breeding grounds
within the Jurisdiction of the Cnlted
States, has at last been satisfactorily
adjusted by the conclusion of the north
Pacific sealing convention entered Into
between the Cnlted states, Ureat Uritaln,
Japan and Hussla oil July 7 last. This
convention Is a cotiiervatlon measure cf
very great Importance and If It la car
ried out In the iiplrit of rcclpiocal cop-
ccs-sloii and advantage upon which it Is"
based there la every reason to believe
that not only will It result In preserving
ths fur-seal herds of the north Pacific
ocean and r. storing them to their former
value for the puipoj-s of commerce, but
also that It will afford a permanently sat
isfactory settlement of a question, the
only other solution of which seemed to
he tho total destruction of the fur seals.
In another asiiect, als . this convention
is of Importance In that It furnishes an
Illustration of the efisihlllt y of securing
a grnersl International game law for
the protctclon of olh -r mammals of the
sea, the jncciatlon of which is of tin
lortum e to all the uations-of the world.
"The attention of congress Is esl-eclally
relied lo the necessity for legislation en
the psrt of the Cnlted Plates for trj
purpose m ruirnirig in cniigation
auawd under tUlg voiivsiiUon, u which
the senste gave Its sdvlce and consent
on the ft 111 day of July last.
' International Opium omnilssion.
"In a speclsl mesescie transmitted to
the congress on January 7. 1M1. In which
I concurred In the recommendations made
by the rrrrrtnry of state In regard to
certain , needful legislation for the con
trol of our Interstate and foreign traffic
In opium and other menacing drugs. I
guoted from my annual message of De
cember 7, IM!. In which I announced that
the results of tho International Opium
Commission held at -Shanghai In Febru
ary, iw, at ths Invitation of the United
States, had been laid before this govern
ment; that the 'report of that commis
sion showed that China wa making re
markable prog-rets ihrf admirable efforts
toward the eradication of the, opium evil;
that the Interested government bed not
permit ted their commerclsl Interests to
prevent their co-operation In thla re
form, an! it result of collateral In
vestigations of. the opium ciuestlon In
this country,- I v recommended that, the
manufacture, sale and n-e of opium In
Ihe Cnlted HtatAs should be rigorously
t-ontrollcd by legislation. ,'
Prior to that time and In continuation
ef the policy of this government to secure
Ihe ro-opeiatlon of the Interested nations,
the Cnlte1 State proposed an Interna
tional opium conference! with full powers
for tho purpose of clothing with force of
International law the resolution adopted
by Ihe Bhove mentioned commission, to
gether with their essential corollaries.
The other iowers concerned cordially re
sponded to the- proposal of thla govern
ment, and, I am glad to bo able to an
nounce, representatives of all the powers
nssembled In conference at The Hague
on the first of this month.. ,
'Mince the passage of the opium ex
clusion act more than twenty states have
been animated to modify their pharmacy
laws and bring them In accord with tho
spirit of that act, thus stumping out, In
a messure, the Interstate traffic In opium
nnd othsr habit-forming drugs. But, al
though I have urged on the congress the
passage of certain measure for federal
control of the Interstate and foreign
traffic In the drug, no action yet has
been taken. In view of the fact that
there la now sitting at The Hague so Im
portant a conference, which has under
review the municipal laws of the differ
ent nations for the mitigation of the'r
opium and other allied evils, a confer
ence which will certainly deal with the
international aapects of these evil, it
aeema to me most esentlal that the con
gress should take immediate action on
the anti-narcotic legislation to which I
have already called attention by a .spe
cial message.
Core JBn Trade Relatione.
"In my last annual message I referred
to the tariff negotiations of the Depart
ment of State with foreign countries In
connection with the application, by a
series of proclamations, of the minimum
tariff of the United Htates to importa
tions from the several countries, and I
stated that. In its general operation, sec
tion J of the w tariff law had proved
guaranty of continued commercial
peace, although there were, unfortunately,
Instances where foreign governments
dealt arbitrarily with American interests
within ftielr Jurisdiction In a manner in
jurious and Inadequate. During the last
year some Instances of discriminatory
treatment have been removed, but I re
gret to say that there remain a few cases
of differential treatment adverse to the
commerce of the United States. While
none of these Instance now appears to
amount to -undue 'discrimination In tho
sense of section 2 of the tariff law of
August e, 1909. they are all exceptions to
that complete degree of equality of tariff
treatment that the Department of State
has' consistently sought to obtain for
American commerce abroad.
"While the double tariff feature of the
tariff law of 1U09 has been amply justified
by the results achieved In removing
former and preventing new, undue dis
criminations against American commerce.
.Risgs
and
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recipient, but which also will be of great service in the home, a fine rug
willanswer fully the requirements. Our assortment of Christmas rug sug
gestions as -very large and affords a wide variety for selecting a present
Here are a feiv hints:
Axminster Rug 27.54 ;.
Axminster Rug 36x03 . . .
Axmmster Rug Extra :
Axminster Rug Extraquality, 30x72
Royal Axminster 27x00 .
Royal Ajuainster 30x72
Wilton Rug 27x54
Wilton Rug 36x63
" Royal Wilton 27x54 :i
Royal Wilton-3fx3G ;
Royal Wilton-3Gx6.T
Furniture for Christmas
Some people always insist on giving furniture for Christmas presents.
Here are a few of our thousands of suggestions for Christmas gifts: ,
Costumers Fumed Oak, white enamel, golden
oak and maple . . ; f . . .$2.00 and Up.
Child's Rocker and Chairs Specially selected
oak . . : ' .$1.25 and Up.
Child's Settee Selected oak $2.25 andUp.
Child's TableFine quality oak $1.75 and Up.
Italian Marble Pedestal Imported and choice,
t $7.50 and Up.
Mahoganv Smoker's Stand Fully equipped,
t $2.25 and Up.
Remember -
Established 1884
Miller.
8. llill.
It la believed that tho tlnv l as come for
the amendment of thla feature of the law
In such way as to provide a craduste.1
mean Of meeting varying degree.' of
discriminatory treatment of American
commerce in foreign countries a well a
to protect the financial Interests abroad
of American cltlsen sgslnst arbitrary
snd Injurious treatment on tha psrt of
foreign governments through either legis
lative or administrative measure.
"It would also seem desirable thst the
maximum tariff of the , Cnlted rotates
should embrace within it purview the
free list, which Is not the case at the
present time. In order that 'll might have
reasonable significance to' the Kovern
menta of those countrle from which the
Importations Into the United States 'are
confined virtually' to articles on the free
Hsu- . ,
"The fiscal 'year ended June So. 19U.
(hos great progress In the development
of American . trade. " It was noteworthy
s marking the highest record of exports
of American product -to foreign coun
tries, the valuatlonbelng iu exces of
IU.tVO.000.000. .These export showed again
over the preceding year of more ttuii
$:uo.ooo.oon.
' r
Need for American Merchant Marine
"I need hardly reiterate the conviction
that there should speedily be built up an
American merchant marine. This Is
necessary to assure favorable transporta
t'on facilities to our great ocean-borne
commerce a well aa to supplement the
navy with an adequate reserve of ships
and men. It would have the economic
advantage of keeping at home part of
the vast aums now paid foreign shipping
fcr carrying American goods. All the
great commercial, nations pay heavy sub
sidies to their merchant marine, so that
It Is obvious that without somo wise aid
from the congress the Cnlted States must
lag behind in the matter of merchant
marine In Its present anomalous position.
Improvement of the Foreign Service
"The entire foreign service organisation
is being improved and developed with es
pecial regard to the requirements of the
commerclsl Interests of tho country. The
rspid growth of our foreign trade mskes
It of the utmost Importance that govern
mental agencies through which that trade
Is to be aided and protected should pos
sess a high degree of efficiency. Not
only should the foreign representatives
be maintained upon a generous scale In
sofar as salaries and establishments are
concerned, but the selection and advance
ment of officers should bo definitely and
permanently regulated by' law so that
the service shall not fall to attract men
of high character and ability. The ex
perience of the last few years with a
partial application of civil service rules
to the diplomatic and consular service
leave no doubt In my mind of the wis
dom of a wider and more permanent ex
tension of those principles to both
branches of the foreign service. The men
selected for appointment by means of
the existing executive regulations have
been of a far higher average of intelli
gence and ability than the men appointed
before the regulations- were promulgated.
Moreover, the feeling that under the ex
isting rules there Is reasonable hope for
permanence of tenure during good be
havior and for promotion for meritorious
service lias served to bring about a seal
ous activity In the Interests of the coun
try, which never before existed or could ,
exist. It Is my earnest conviction that
the enactment Into law of the general
principles of the existing regulations can
not fall to effect further Improvement In
both branches of the foreign service by
providing greater Inducement for young;
men of character and ability to seek a
career abroad in the service of the gov
ernment, and an Incentive to those al
ready In the service to put forth greater
efforts to attain the high standards which
the successful conduct of our Interna
tional relations and commerce requires.
"I therefore again commend to the
favorable action of the congress the en
actment of a law applying to the diplo
matic and consular service the principles
$4.00
$2.50
$4.50
$3.00
quality, 27x00. . .
....$5.00
..:.$4.oo
...:$7.50
. $5.50
' $6.00
$8.50
Christmas
Cood furniture may be cheap, bu( "cheap" furniture cannot be good.
tewart Si Beaton Co.
TAG POLICY
iW"'' ws
embodied In section V.L3 cf the llevlsed
"tatutes of the Cnlted States, In the
civil service) act of January 16, 1S3, and
the executive, orders of June 27, 19H6, and
of November W. 1!. In Its considera
tion of this Important subject I desire
to recall to the attention of tha con
gress the very favorable report made on
the lyowden bill for the Imirovement of
the foreign service .iy the foteign affairs
committee of the .house of representa
tives. Available r tar I sties show the
strictness With' which the merit system
Jms born applied to the frwelgn nervlce
during ' recent ' years and the absolute
nonpartisan selection of consuls and dip
lomatic service secretaries who indeed
far from bclns selected with any view to
prjilicvai consideration have. actually , been
flsoeeiii to a tflproportlonn.te extent from
states which would have been unrepre
sented in. the foreign service iindcr the
system which It Is to bo beped is now
permamently obsolete. Some legislation
for the perpetuation of che present sys
ten, of examinations and promotions
upon merit and efficiency , would be of
greatest value to our commercial and
international. Interests. ' ' . '
' . . , WILLIAM H. TAFT.
, "The Wclta House. Dscember 7. lplL"
University Refuses
to Test Sugar Beets
of Colorado Farmers
WASHINGTON, Dec. 7.-TJ18 house spe
cial committee Investigating the so-called
Hugar trust today heard testimony de
signed to show that in some states sugar
beet culture is a "hot house" industry.
James Bodkin of Meade, Colo., represent
ing farmers of that sugar beet territory,
told of the cheap foreign labor employed
there.
The witness declared the farmer had
difficulty in getting; a scientific test of
thetr sugar bee-ts except by customer of
the Great Western Sugar company. He
sold the company had such Influence
with the Colorado agricultural depart
ment that the farmers could not get a
private test. '
He said the Colorado university refused
to malve the test because the university
president feared the Great Western Sugar
company would hold down the approprla
Hons for tho Instruction.
Mr. Fordney, said the witness, waa evi
dently an enemy of the Oreat Western
Sugar company. Bodkin retorted that the
representative seemed to bo a friend of
the sugar refiner and an enemy of the
farmer. Mr. Fordney protested that he
was a friend of tho farmer.
two then glared at each other! Mr.
Bodkin said he favored tariff on sugar.
E. U. Combs, a Colorado farmer, testi
fied that he thought the farmers should
get more for their beets.
MISSOURI MAN KILLS
. DIVORCED WIFE AND SELF
OAK GROVE. Mo. Dec. 7.-John A.
Baker, a farmer, thot and killed his
divorced wife on the Baker farm six
miles south of here today, , then shot
himself to death. The Bakers were
divorced several months ago following
a quarrel over Baker's attempt to sell
the farm. Alleging that , her husband
would squander the money from the sale
of Uf old home place Mrs. Baker applied
to the courts and was granted an injunc
tion restraining Ba-kcr. from making the
sale,' Four. orphans survive the couple. .
ROAD HOUSE PROPRIETOR
SHOT TO DEATH BY BANDITS
BARTLESVILLE, OkI.,v Dec: T'.-Bandits
today shot to death J. C. Torry,' pro
prietor of a road house near hre because
he attempted to prevent their robbing
L. O. Blair, a hotel man.
Royal Wilton-Extra i'iue, 22Vsx3C
Royal Wilton-Extra fine, 27x54 . .
Royal Wilton Extra fine, 30x63 . .
Mohair Rug-18x36
Mohair Rug-24x4S . .
Mohair Rug-27x60 . .
Body Brussels 22 'xSG . . ;
Kallistan Rug 30x00 .
Scotch Weave 30x00 ,
Scotch Weave 36x72 .
$34.00 Mahogany Wing Chair
Imported French Lamp Shades
12-inch 1.
Imported French Lamp Shades
6-inch
uas OTUSic uaoinci uuomauc Biieu arrange
ment $15.00 and Up.
Oak Nest of Tables Finely constructed, $13.00 and Up .
Desk Chair Oak and mahoga ny. .. .$4.50 and Up
FURNITURE
413-15-17 South Sixteenth Street
A WONDERFUL AMOUNT
: OF C000JSBEING DONE
Mrs. Eeen Says She Feels Like Dif
ferent Woman Now.
BELIEVED OF DEBILITY AT LAST
Demonstrator as that a Trrmcn.l
ons nmlcr of People l-lvln
In the Larger Cities
Are Affected.
r
"I have been a sufferer for the last
five veurs. from general debility," tays
Mrs. Lillian Been of JS North "Nineteenth
street, this city. "There were t lines wiiep.
I could eat nothing. I stiffened from ex
treme rpells of iieiVousnc-SM, and sieeo
gave me nd t-ent'it. I also ruffered from
chronic constipation;1 in fact. I w very
badly run down. I lnwl tried various
remedies, hut without results, v '
"I began the treatment of 'Tona Vita'
and noticed Immediate result and now
feel better than I have for years.. I trivo
the entire credit to '.Tona Vita." I would
certainly advise anyone uf ferine as I
was to use this remedy."
' he specialists whv are Introducing
"Tona Vita"' to the Omaha public are
entirely confident the medicine will prove
as successful in this country aa in
Uurope and predict a tremendous suc
cess for it in this city. The spcclallM
who discussed this said: "Without a
question, oo preparation like this has
eve been sold in America, and I prophesy
that no preparation will approach this in
volume of sales once it is established here.
There ts Just as much nervous debility in
this country as abroad and Tona Vita'
will make fully aa great a record here a
the original did in Europe. That medicine
has been and Is now being used by kings,
dukes, cardinals; In fact, by the greatest
personages of Europe. '
We are talking with a great many
people each day now, but In a few day
more tlia number will be materially In
ensataed. "Every man or woman who has been
afflicted with chronic nervous debility
who tries Tona Vita' will become u
walking advertisement, and that sort of
thins spreads like wildfire. Anyone who
has been half sick all the time, with al
most no vitality or energy, a constant
sufferer from despondency, stomach
trouble, weak back, headaches and a
dozen other troubles caused by debility is
sure to tell about It when they find
something that gives them back buoyant
spirits, sound digestion and' general good
health.
"The public docs not realize what ft
tremendous number of people araonK
those who live in the larger cities are
affected with nervous debility, nor docs
the public realize the symptoms of this
modern plague when they see them.
Mot of the so-called kjdney trouble,
nearly all Ipdigestlon, and fully half of
the headaches In Omaha can be attributed
solely to nervous debility."
The specialists are meeting all. callers at
Bra-idels Drug department. Sixteenth and
Douglas streets, south side main floor,
between the hours of 9 a. m. and 6 p. m
daily. Adv.
Auction Sale
AT a: 30 r. SC. ETZKY iTistna.
Diamonds, Watches.. Jewelry and Vloth-
. si Boiu iq tne Jiighest pidder.
Friedman's Loan Bank
. Corner I3tU and Douglas.
TST AND HEALTH TO MOTHER AND CHILD.' -
WilWiKSLOWi Sootimwo Svarr has beea
used for ovet SIXTY YEARS by MILLIONS of
MOTHERS iot their CHILDREN WHILK
IEETHINO, with PERHECT SUCCESS. It
KUOTHKS the CHILD, KOFTHN8 the GUMS.
ALLAYS all PAIN CURES WIND COLIC, ami
is the best remedy for DiAKRHCUA. It Is al
solutely harmless. Be sure and ask for 'Mrs.
WlnaloWt "nothing ByTup, ' and taka no other -kind.
Twenty-five, cents a boUle.
..$4.50
. -$6.65
.$9.85
$2.50
$4.25
-$6.00
..$1.75
$5.75
$3.00
$3.50
Fino upholstered $25.00
Silk and gold;
Silk and 'gold;
$6.50
.$8.00
(Eift-Givieg