Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 03, 1911, Image 1

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    The Omaha Daily Bee
Looking Backward
This Day in Om ifta
flirt j Twtnt? Ten Tsars Are
at Saitortal rage of each lain
Cloudy; Warmer
voi j XLt-xo. no.
Decree of Federal Court Modifies
Order Requiring City to Pay
Interest on Purchase Price.
Municipality Must Pay the Com
pany $0,263,295.
Litigation in Progress for the Last
Five Years.
First Conflict Arises Over Property
to Be Included.
J'lret Victor- to C'ltr, Then Compauy
t.alns Drrlilon Juat Itevcracd
hy the Inlteil (ntra
4'onrt of Apirtl.
ST. PALI Minn.. Nov. 2.-A decree of
the I'nited States circuit court ordering
tlio city of Omaha. Neb., to fulfill the
terms of its contract to purchase the
property of the Omaha Water company
for $6, 263,2c, and to pay Interest on the
amount from July P, 1305. was modified
to the extent that the city will have to
Jiay no Interest under an. opinion delivered
today In the I'nited States circuit court
bf appeals by Judge Adams.
Muter Board to Sell lioutla.
Following the announcement of the de
cision handed down by the United States
circuit court the Omaha Water board
Thursday called a special session at the
city hall at 4 o'clock to take up prep
arations for the disposal of the bonds.
A discussion as to the best policy to
pursue was held when it was decided,
upon the advice of John I.. cljater, at
torney for the board, to advertiso for
sealed bids for the prttlng.of $,::0 bonds,
Ithographed or engraved, in the denomi
nation of $1,009 each, with sixty interest
coupons attached. The. form of the bond
has been prepared by Mr. Webster and
bids will be opened at 4 o'clock the aft
ernoon of November 13.
. Mr. Webster was Instructed to com
municate with the Plllon-Thompson
bonding company of New York and to
make preliminary arrangement for
disposal of . the bonds. A meeting of the
board will be held next Monday after
noon, and it Is probable that a decision
will then bo reached as to the, amount of
the first Issue of the bonds.
Attorney Webster Talks.
Referring to the possibility of an ap
peal Attorney Webster said:
"The water company cannot, as a mat
ter of tight, ask for an appeal. It Is
possible that the supreme court might
take up the case on a writ of certiorari,
but this Is not likely." 1
Recalling ome history In connection
with the case, Mr. Webster continued:
"After the United States supreme court
had coqfirmed the report of the apprais
ers, fixing the value of the water works
at 16,263,6.49, Judge Sanborn entered a
decree requiring the city of Omaha to
pay Interest on the appraised value of
the plant at the rate of 7 per cent from
July S, 1906. From that decree the Water
board appealed to the United Slates clr
cult court of appeals on the ground that
the city should not be required to pay in
terest on the purchase price for the
reason that the water compuny was not
prepared to deliver to the city a good
title to the property, it being covered by
tw'o mortgages to secure outstanding
bonds aggregating about $6,000,000.
"The court of appeals has ruled that
by reason of the existence, of these mort
gages on the property the water company
wus not entitled to interest on the pur-
(Continued on Second Page.)
The Weather
For NebraskaIncreasing cloudiness.
With probably snow west portion; rising
For Iowa Fair; rising temperature.
Trnip ratare at Omaha Yeaterday.
Hour. Dcg.
5 a.
7 a.
i a.
m . .
m. .
m. .
, r
, 14
. 17
, 24
. t'4
, su
. :
. 31
, -'to
. -i
, 28
T "
10 a. m
11 a. m.
13 m
1 p. m.
2 l. in.
3 p. m.
4 p. m.
o p. ni.
6 p. ni.
7 p. m.
8 p- m.
vktn old not
lqt up tba hoalae
udUI TkaukiiiTla'
oiu para tit e i.ocal Record.
1911. 1!(10. 13:. 19'.
Highest today ;u 4i til ,",7
Ixiwcst toils v 14 27 41 St
Mean temperature 22 l: IS
precipitation .( .ti .on
Temperature and precipitation depart
ures from the normal:
Normal temerature for today 41
) ( .ciency for the dv r!
Total excess since March 1 ty)
Normal precipitation 50 Inch
Jieflcleney for the day OF, Inch
T otal rainfa.l sine March 1 1! as Inches
lcflciemy since March 1 14. M ln hm
1 ) fieiency lor ror. period, lM'l.UtJ Inches
lMflrlemy for cor. period, . I.SJ inches
itrnuila from stations al T 1. M.
r-tatlon and Slate Temp. High-
fall. ul Weather. 7 p. In. eM.
Cheyenne, clear IK
l'avenport. clear .(
X'euver, cliar 2-! "Jfi .02
. Jura Molnra, clear in :il .i
liodae City, allowing .... 2't 22 .ox
l-aliriVr. clear 2 :!K .n)
North Platte, cloudy 20 24 T
Omaha, clear ' a :ti .tin
I'ut-Llo. eloudv 24 24
('alt Iaka City, clear 4i ."hi hi
Hanta e, i luudy j
Hherldan. clear .
tfloua City, part cloudy.... a 90 .
Valrntlur. cloudy 24 3j .hi
"1 ' Indicates trace of pr'p'taton.
It. A. U'tlait. LcKai Forecaster.
Water Works Case Chronology
February 2, 1901 Nebraska legislature rawes law for Imracdinte
compulsory purchase of water works ljr city of Omaha.
March 2. 1908 Ordinance electing to purchase water works plant
and tlxlng procedure. Appraisers later appointed:
Uy Water Board John W. Alvord of Chicago.
Hy the Water Company George H. Benzenberg of Milwaukee.
By These Two Daniel W. Mead of Chicago.
July 20, 1903 First meeting of appraisers.
July 7, 190.1 Water board enjoins appraisers from completing
appraisement and asks the federal court for specific directions a to
what should be Included.
November 29, 1905 Judge Munger dissolves Injunction and
directs appraisers to make returns as a whole, and also separately,
for property In South Omaha, East Omaha, Floronco and Dundee, and
going value.
July 7, 1906 Apralseroent returned at $6,263,295.49.
July L'9, 1906 Water bourd rejects appraisement and by reso
lution asks appointment of new board of appraisers. Water company
makes tender and sues In federal court for decree of specific per
formance. July 4, 1907 Judge Munger renders decision for city. Water
company appeals.
April 7, 190S Circuit court of appeals renders decision for water
June 1, 1908 I'nited States supreme court on petition of Water
board grants writ of certiorari.
November 2, 1909 City votes $6,500,000 bonds to pay Judgment.
April 20, 1910 Argument on certiorari before I'nited States
supreme court.
May 31, 1910 United States supreme court decides in favor of
the water company.
plant, mains and other company properly and to raise money to pay
for making extensions.
August 25, 1911 Hy resolution adopted by the Water board
August 11, 1911 City votes $8,250,000 to pay for water works
bonds voted November 2, 1909, are cancelled.
November 2, 1911 United States circuit court of appenls orders
city to fulfill Its contract, but not to pay Interest.
Manchu Soldiers Get Out of Control
of Their Officers.
Massacre Will Hare Serious neuritis;
on Situation, as the Chinese
Are Now Thoronghly
PEKING, Nov. 2. The Uerman lega
tion today received a wireless message
from the vicinity of Hankow ttatlng
that the imperial forces are now burning
the native city of Hankow, and eonfirm
lng yesterday's report that the imperial
troops massacred men, women and chil
dren during several days' . fighting.
It Is evident that the Manchu soldiers
are Infuriated over earlier Chinese suc
cesses and that they have gotten out of
control of their officers.
Letters from a correspondent at ' Kin
Yang Chow declared that General Yin
Tchang's troops wete beyond control, hav
ing looted the villages north of Hankow.
General Yin Tchang, who has been re
moved from his command at Hankow to
become chief of the general staff, re
turned to Peking today.
It is believed that Yuan Shi Kal ar
rived af the imperialist headquarters at
Slao Kan too late to stop the massacres
which bad already begun. It Is thought
the effect of the atroclttea committed by
the government soldiers will have a ser
ious bearing on the situation. The blood
of the Chinese is up, as is Indicated by
tlioir desperate defense of Hankow.
Another edict was issued today. It in
structs the national assembly to "organ
ize the Ta filing empire's constitutional
laws and submit them to us for con
sideration and issuance."
General Yin Tchang arrived today, but
there was no demonstration.
Peace Plana Developing;.
The government's plan for bringing
about peace moved forward rapidly to
day, with the throne and national as
sembly working together. The throne or
dered 1 uan Hhl Kal, the new premier,
to return Immediately to Peking and
simultaneously the national assembly in
Its official capacity telegraphed General
LI Yuen Hens, leader of the revolution
ists, asking him to suspend hostilities
pending the result of the endeavor to
settle the differences of all parties.
Prince Chlng, the old premier, who is
the only high Manchu official left In
the capital, has agreed to memorialize
the throne with the following sugges
tions: First, that all laws opposed to con
stitutional government be annulled im
mediately. Second. the election of
I members of Parliament be undertaken
j without delay. Third, that the provincial
'assemblies throughout the empire be
! granted co-ordinate authority with
the provincial administrative officials.
Fourth, that In order to avert an open
rupture with the Manchu royalty a plan
be drawn up to provide for the support
i of the Manchu bannermen and pension
ers, and that the "banners" the Eighth
division of the Imperial Manchu militia
be disbanded. Fifth, that the Manchu
bannermen adopt Chinese surnames, and,
sixth, that a formal proclamation be
.tsufd announcing that military force
will not be used against the revolution
aries. The national assembly Is practically
agreed on a constitution based on that
of Great Pritaln, but the soutnern
provinces, which must be conciliated, are
jtlll firm In their desire for a more re
publican form of union.
Man-YanK Arsenal Dynamited.
SHANGHAI, Nov. J. A wireless mes
sage from Hankow says the revolution
ists dynamited the arsenal at Han-Yang
to p.-event its seizure by the imperial
ists There Is some evidence of renewed In
surgent activity on the lower Yang-Tse-Kiang.
The Cotton Yarn guild adopted a reso
lution today authorizing the repudiation
of forward contracts on the ground that
the trade has been disordered by the rev
olution. Long Makes Gift
to Drake University
15 E8 MOJNF.8. la.. Nov. t-Draka uni
versity last night received 11,2:5 from Tl.
1 A. Long, the Kansas City millionaire
I lumberman, who attended a banquet of
I the men of the Disciples of Christian
I churches of the city, held In th shrine
temple. His total girt was tl.tfiO. 75 pr
j cent to go to the university and 23 per
i cent to th state missionary society. Mr.
I I xng and a party of religious workers
iar letting th middle- eatcrn sUUs.
Charge Witnesses
in Lorimer Case Are
Framing Testimony
CHICAGO. Nov. :.-Attorney John 3.
Ilealy, of counsel lor the committee of
J'nlted .States senators Investigating the
Lorimer case, Intimated today that cer
tain wltnessea were consulting with each
other and framing testimony to conceal
facts In the Inquiry.
This situation was disclosed during the
examination of Fred S. Krlcckhaus of
Mount Vernon, III. Attorney Hoaly de
veloped that KrleikliaUH hnd purposely
misled Attorney John If. Marble by with
holding a hotel register as a means of
aiding former State Itcprcscntatlve Wil
liam C. Ulalr, alsj- of Mount Vernon.
Krleckhaus waa manager of a hotel at
Centralla, 111., at the time the now fa
mous base ball game took place there In
July. 1SO0. nialr was charged with ex
hibiting eleven J100 bills there on that oc
casion. Krlcckhaus today declared that A. C.
Tanner, who testified to seeing the 1100
bills, was Intoxicated on the day of the
ball game. Today was the first time
that anything of 1Wi character had been
said about Mr. Tanner.
George W. Meyers, former state repre
sentative," testified that tii- "Vas t.iked to
vote for liorlmer, but refused.
He said Lee O'Nell Krowne told him
that "there are a lot of good state Jobs
and plenty of the ready necessary be
hind Lorimer.
Meyers also said that Speaker Shurt
leff asked him to vote for Lorlmea
Lee O'Nell llrowne was in the wltnets
room today watting to take tho stand.
Suicide Theory
is Revived in the
Dr. Knabe Case
INDIANAPOLIS, Nov. 2-Detcctlves In
vestigating the mystery of the death of
Dr. Helen Knabe, who was found with
her throat cut in her apartment a week
ago, today extended their Inquiries along
the line of an opinion of a prominent
physician that Dr. Knabe was of a pe
culiarly abnormal type, scientifically
lie had known Dr. Knabe well, he said,
and hnd become convinced of her tend
ency through observing her for several
years. That It might lead to suicidal
mania was possible, he said. Womon
friends said they never had seen any
thing that would verify the physician's
Police officials today repeated that Hie
sulcklo theory grew more and more plaus
ible. Though the police dad persistently and
unsuccessfully searched Dr. Knabe's flat
for her key the administrator of her
estate found It today 011 top of her dress
ing table. The police declared the k?y
must have been placed on the table since
their last search. The only other per
sons known to have keys to the apart
ment, they said, were Miss McPherson
and Miss Augusta Knabe.
Cold Wave Brings
Lowest Temperature
of Present Season
KANSAS CITY, Mo.. Nov. :.-A cold
wave bringing the lowest temperatures
of tho season settled over the Missouri
valley and tho southwest early today.
The lowest temperature In the district
wa-'t zero at Huron, 8. D. The mercury
read 1 at Amarlllo, Tex., and was 2
degrees below freezing at Memphis,
Tenn. A light snow fell today In the
Texas Panhandle.
Uther temperatures were: Kansas
City, IK; H. Joseph, Mo., 16; Omaha and
North Platte. Neb., 14; Hpringflald. Mo,
20; lodge City and Concordia, Kan., Id;
Wichita, 20; Oklahoma City, zt; port
Smith and Little Rock, Ark., , and Fort
Worth, Tex.. 34.
Dispute Over Six
Cents Ties Up All
London Taxicabs
jVNno.V, Nov. 2. A dispute ovtr f,
eent. by a taxlcab owner of the wngea of
a driver vu the direct cause of a walk
O'H of 6.0IO drivers and th paralyzing of
I.ondon s taxlcab service today. The com
panies also complained that the men have
robbed th-m of fl.rjo.imu annually hy fall
urs to register and turn in "extras'' col
lected on additional btt"v anJ dus-neitaia
, r,v ."
Front the Washington Star.
President Passes Down Long: Line of
Warships on Mayflower.
MnetyMne Flshtlna; Machines Fire
Presidential Salute of Twenty
One (iom aa Yacht Makea
Return Trip.
NEW YORK. Nov. 2.-President. Taft
today had his first real view of tha
American navy. It has so happened,
since he entered the White House, that
the fleet, which was so greatly admired
by his predecessor, - Colonel Roosevelt,
had been on widely scattered duty for
the greater part of the time. And, while
the prrtdderit hail reviewed two divisions
of the Atlantic fleet In Provtncetown
harbor in the' summer of 1210, and a llt
tlu more than two weeks ago In San
Fianclaco had stood on tha quarter deck
of (the flagship California of the Pacific
fleet, ho had never until today come into
Ids own as commander-in-chief of tha
i-ca fighting forces of tha country.
From the bridge of the presidential
yacht Mayflower, Mr. Taft reviewed tha
gray armanda that for nearly a week
had wung at anchor in the Hudson
river, awaiting his Inspection, Aa tha
little white Mayflower picked Its way In
snd out among the g ant craft of tha
battleship line the guns roared in salute.
The yacht, with the president's blue
crested flag at tha main truck, sailed
gracefully along the seven-mile column
of fighting ships, turned at the end and
headed again down the river.
Late tills afternoon the entire fleet,
ninety-nine vessels In all, will get under
way and pass In review of the president,
while the Mayflower ties at anchor off
the statue of liberty.
President Taft planned to spend the
entire day on the water. His train Ar
rived In Jersey City from -Washington
shortly after 7 o'clock and a few min
utes later he was being transferred to
tha Mayflower. As he went aboard, his
flag was broken from the mast head
and the usual honors were paid to him.
As a rule Mr. Taft requests all cere
monies on the Mayflower be suspended.
Today's events being purely official,
hawever, tha ceremonies prescribed In the
navy regulations were rollowed to the
The party aboard the presidential yacht
also was strictly official. Secretary of
the Navy Meyer, the president's aid and
Secretary HUles went board with Mr.
Taft. A large party of invited guests,
including senators, representative and
foreign military and naval attaches front
Washington were aboard the dispatch
boat Dolphin, which followed l.i the waku
of the Mayflower.
When President Taft' had taken bis
pluce on tha brldan the Mv,f1'wir rry
under way and headed up the Hurlsnn. It
was qiitte a sail to the foot if Fifty
r lnth street, whero the head of the battle
ship cMiiinii rested. On board th flng
ship Connecticut a sharp lookout hud
been kept ciuwn the harbor snd as soon
ft the presldt-iitial flug was made out
In the distance the flagship let go with Its
saluting gun.
"lie last reports of the pahitn were
drifting down the river from the far mid
of the line asithe Mayflower crept tn
an anchorage neur the Connecticut. Its
engines had scarcely stopped turning
when a score of sturdy little atram bargi-s
were headed for Its starboard gangway.
Th admirals of the fleet were on their
way personally to pay their respects to
the president. Rear Admiral Hugo Oster
hsus, commander-in-chief of the fleet,
ratling from Din Connecticut, was first
to board the Mayflower, lie was at
tended by his aldea and as lie passed up
the gangway there was a flourish of
trumpet, a ruffle of drums and astraln
or two t.f a lively march by the Marina
Admiral Osterhaus soon wus followed
by the other staff officers of the fleet,
who went aboard In accord with their
divisional rank. The president and Sec
retary 'fever stood on the i;uai trdrck.
iCuutmutd, va Second IVse.j
Cold Wave Holds
East and South
in Its Grasp
WASHINGTON, D. C, Nov. 3.-A cold
wave has tightened Its grip on the
country from the Rocky Mountains east
ward to New England and southward as
far as northern Texas and across tha gulf
states to northern Florida. Temperatures
below freezing were reported from west
of this territory today and weather-
bureau officials said there appeared to
be no warmer we.iither In sight for a
couple of days at least.
The first sero weather of the autumn
was reported from Huron, f. !., today.
From this extreme cold the temperature!
ranged to 4 degrees above at Moorehead,
Minn.; Hi at Omaha. 8 at Valentine, Neb.;
10 at Sioux City, la., and IS at ft. Paul.
Northern Texas, snow visited. Is ex
periencing the coldest weather on record
for the season. At Amarlllo It was1 lit.
In the lako region und eastward to
New England the cold weather has been
accompanied by snow. At Chicago, St.
Louis and Indianapolis the temperature
was 22, Cincinnati. 36; New York, 36;
Philadelphia and Washington, 40.
SOUTH PliNU, Ind., Nov. 2. Eighteen
Inches of snow fell in the northern In
diana and lower Michigan fruit belt
today. Great damage Is reported as all
the pears and apples have not been har
vested. Roosevelt Accused
of Violating Bay
State Publicity Law
BOSTON, Nov. 2. In a communication
to District Attorney Pettltlcr toduy Jov
ernor Foss charges that Chaltinun Hat
field and the other officers of thu ropub
llrun state committee violated the statuti-H
by appealing to corporations fur financial
support. ,
The governor also charges thu I Theo
dore Roosevelt and other editors and offi
cials of the Oullouk cumpuny, thu liostou
Herald, the officers of the Culled states
Shoe Machinery company, American
Woolen company and Aikwright club,
published, or caused to be published for
circulation In this mate, political adver
tisements not signed In accordance with
the statutes of 1'SJS.
The advertisements, it Is maintained,
were antagonistic to tho democratic can
didates In the state cumpulgn.
Million-Dollar Fire
in Chinese Quarter
in City of Manila
MANILA, Nov. 2. The Chinese district
was awept by fire today with a loss o;
over f 1.00r,ti0. At noon the fire threat
ened to destroy tho commercial center of
tha city and the Twentieth Infantry, with
General Funston In charge, was called
out to ansltt the fire fighters. The work
of the soldiers t-aved the day and the
fire was under control early in the after
noon. N. J. Coleman Has
Stroke of Apoplexy
Norman J. Col' man of Ht. Louis, first
secretary of oxriculture of thu United
Htates, wan taken from a westbound Wa
bash train here this morrilig of ter hav
ing suffered a stroko of apoplexy, which
it Is believed muy prove futal. Mr. Cole
man Is M yesri old. He Is under the
care of physicians at a local hotel. He
will be taken to hl homo tonight.
Mr. ColeinMi was on his way to I'lutto
burg. Mo. He was found unconscious In
his berth and vmov,.l fi,,ni the train
tiers about o o'clock t!:i:i morning. I p to
noon today he had nut iriu.J von
V. loU.llK-1,4,
1 Sta. U M "a sT ai A'l SI
Writes of Proposed Treaties in Light
of Recent Events.
War lletneea Tnrkey and Italy
Proves the Vtter Inefficiency
of Agreements Not Hacked
, by Force.
NKW YORK, Nov. 2.-Thodora Boose,
veil has an article on "Arbitration: Pre
tense and Reality' In the current number
of the Outlook. It aays In part:
"fiurely the real friends of peaoe In
this country ought io be able to profit
by the events that have happened In
China and In the Mediterranean during
thess very fall months, since the arhltra.
tlon treaty was considered In the senate,
' During these months we have seei, a
widespread revolt In China with utter
disorganization of the empire and we
have seen war unexpectedly break out
between Italy and Turkey, In China
there has doubtless been much excuse for
the revolt, because of tyranny and mis
government, and this tyranny and mis
government has been greater than In any
really civilized nation, although the Chi
nese are far more unwarllke than any
civilized nation, and have an army much
less efflccnt than that of any civilized
"As for tho war between Italy and
Turkey, I am not now concerned with Its
ethical Justification, Personally I believe
tliat it Is in the interest of humanity that
Tripoli should fall under European con
trol. Just u it la In the Interest of hu
manity that Morocco shall so fall; Just
as It has been of .Immeasurable benefit to
mankind, and 1 specially to Algerian and
Egyptian mankind, that Algeria and
Kaypl should fall under the control of
Fiance and of Kngland.
"Hut this Is not the point. The point Is
thut this wur proves the utter Inefficiency
of paper treulles when they uro unbacked
by force; the utter folly of those who be
lieve that these paper treaties accomplish
nny useful purpose, In the present stage of
thin world's development when there la no
fon behind them; and finally, not
merely the folly, but the Iniquity, of mak
ing treaties which there la no real inten
tion of putting Into effect.
"Turkey's treaties with various Eu
ropean powers explicitly guarantee It in
tegrity and on the mere technical legali
ties of the case no court of arbitration
in iho world could possibly declare In any
other way than as against Italy and for
Turkey if tho cane at Issue between them
were brought to arbltru tlon."
Richeson Resigns
Pastorate of Churoh
LOSTO.V, Nov. 2. Rev. Clarence V. T
Uleheson, who was Indicted oti the charge
of murdering Miss Avis Llnnell, has re
ilsned as pastor of the Kinmunu-1 Rup
tint church, Cambridge. The resignation
reached Charles F. Cummins, clerk of the
church, today.
The resignation la reported to be In
such form that Its acceptance will not
iiiibiiriaHs even his personal supporters.
After u conference today of itlchcaon's
uttorneys Attorney John Lee declared a
complete vindication of . ltlches.ui would
be the outcome of the trial.
Itlcheson will be arraigned next Mon
tlay, but It Is probable hit trial will not
be held before January or I'cbruury.
Rodgers Makes Quick
Trip to Phoenix
PHuKNlX, Ana., Nov. 2 Aviator
Rodgrs, who left Maricopa at !:43 this
morning, arrived here at 10:30, making
thu distance of forty-five miles at tin
rate of a mile a minute
Tl'CSON. Ariz., Nov. 2. Aviator Fow
ler expects to rcaunie bis traiiscontirit tilal
nifcht from this cuv at, l.j) o'clock this
Secretary of War Stirason Believes
Introduction in Government Ar
senals Beneficial to All.
Good Results from Experiment Sta
tion at Watertown.
Workmen Participate in Rewards
Resulting from Plan.
Crosier Says Average Premium In
Machine "hop at Watertotrn lias
tl?en ' TafnO-t lir Per
Cent of Wages.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 2 -' Scientific;
shop mannKemetu" totlnv received the en
dorsement of the I'nited Plate govern
ment. Hecretary of War Stlmson U con
vinced of Its desirability and advantages,
basing his ennvirtlfin on a report made hy
RrlKadler General William Crozler, com
mander of otd 1111 nee. which was made
public today. Tho secretary Is satisfied
that lis Introduction Into government
workshops would work tin hardship to
"It means a betterment and In no wise
an Impairment of the conditions of labor,"
he declared In a statement.
The report has been awaited by orga
nized labor and tho employers of labor
with much Interest. It Is generally be
lieved that tha question will be one that
will figure largely in the coming national
political campaign and for this reason
especially, General Crozler's findings
regarded as being of unusual Import, ut
are the comments of Secretary Stlmsnn.
Secretary Makea tntemen(.
The secretary, before entering the cab
inet, was in a position to make a cloe
study of the problems Involved in the
direction of large forces of workmen and
he felt Justified In asserting his unselfish
devotion to all efforts pending to the bet
terment of labor. In making public Gen
eral Crozler's report, the secretary snys.
"As set forth In detail In the statement
which I have made public, today the War
department has given considerable atten
tion to tha utilization of the methods of
scientific management In the various
arsenal shops of the government. The
Watertown arsenal has been used practi
cally aa an experiment station, with a
view of trying out the theory before ap
plying It generally. The results thus far
are highly gratifying and full of prgmlse.
There has been an undoubted Increase of
manufacture at the shop and a material
reduction In the cost of manufacture, but
at ths same time, s-od to my mind even
of greater Importance, these results have
been obtained without In any wise en
dangering the Interests of the workmen,
either by decreasing their pay or requir
ing uppleasant exertion or 'speeding up.'
On the contrary, any Increase In real
efficiency must Insure to the benefit of
the worklngmen.
"I have been too long and too vitally
Interested and active In movements which
make for the advancement of the condi
tions of labor for mo now to lend even
the slightest encouragement to any
theories which work counter to the true
Interests of labor.
Will Better Condition.
"To mv mind 'sclentlfle management'
can and deserves to prevail only where
Increased efficiency means Increased hu
man efficiency and the worklngmen's par
ctlplatlon In the rewards resulting from
efficiency. It means a betterment and In
nowise an Impairment of the conditions
of labor. A change for making better
ment Is- the only kind of change which
the government will permit through the
Installation of any 'scientific manage
ment.' "We are sllll very much In the experi
mental stsge, but I have strong hopes
that by co-operation and a willingness to
son the facts fairly economies will result
to the government, betterment to work
lngmen and a more satisfactory and more
human relation between the two In the
future than In the post."
In his report General Crozler declares
that the ordnancu department has been
experimenting with the "Taylor system"
of scientific management for the last
three years, with the result that much
Important Information has been collected.
Hut even yet the problem has not b -en
solved, for his conclusion Is thus sot lout:
"The deportment has not reached n con
clusion ' as to the extension to other
arsenals of the pan of the 'Taylor system'
of shop management which affects the
workmen, and It is not Intended to do s
In advance of further trials at the Water
town arsenal, but It seems certain that
either by this system or by some other
It ought to be possible to socuro better
co-operation of the employes anions tliem
scives and between them and the niur.a;t
ment than has been In the past."
The report shows that the principles of
the "Taylor system" are not new und
that In many of Its details It has brn
tried for many years. The basic Ides, 1
tho application of educated and scientific
ally trained Intelligence to those opera
tions of mnnufacture which were form
erly considered either as being of too
Miinll importance to attract attention or
as belonging entirely to the practice of a
tiade and were therefore left to the Judp-
Tickets to Ameri
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lioxea of O 'linen 'a Candj.
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