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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 16, 1911)
The Omaha -Sunday Bee;
PAOL3 1 TO 4
PAST THREE -
PAGES 1 TO 4.
VOL. ZLI-XO. 4.
Astoria to Celebrate the Centennial
BltfKSdZZa Or ASTORIA
HUXDRED TEARS, when on attempts
to pr Into ta future, appears to be a
long, long itretch of road; yet, facing
backward, it mtuurei but a abort syaca
bitittn th hpBlnnlB ajid now. Tha
,. ' u
i..r.'J' Tar of our Lord 1811 la sot what la
commonly called ancient aiatory, yat
tha char gea which cava taken placa during tha paat
tea dacadea ara wonderful to behold In thia aatonlah
lagly fertile land wa ara proud to call our own.
- Had Jobs Jacob Astor, tha first, hare been born
ia tha twentieth, Instead of the eighteenth century,
he would hare been known aa a "hustler." a "lire
Wire," an ln-adrance-of-the-tlmea young man. He
vaa one of the captains of industry of early daya, but
haa not been glren nearly the credit due him for the
part ha took In preserving aa United State territory
that wonderful country known in an eany day aa the
Oregon region, comprising what are known now as
tha atatea of Oregon, Washington. Idaho and Mon
tana, the northwest Pacific country being that por
tion washed by the great ocean.
John Jacob Astor waa born in Germany, In 17(3,
apent part of his youth in London and when about
20 years old aailed for America, taking up his perma
nent residence in New York City. It ia recorded that
during his first alx yeara of residence in hla adopted
land thla young man accumulated 1200,000, which
placed him prominently among tha wealthy men of
that period. Hla shrewdness ' enabled him lo aee
great possibilities in the fur trade and he became tha
founder of an organlzatloa knows as the American
far company, which, despite strong competition from
English companies, continued to prosper and extend
lta operations . , .", ,.." ,:
Astor'a Two Expeditions.
Ia the first yeara of tha nineteenth century! Aator
conceived the idea of extending hla operations to tha
Pacific coaat and with thla object la view, fitted cat
two expeditions, one to proceed overland, tha other
to go by water to the objective point, tha mouth of
the Columbia river, tha fame of which wonderful
stream with lta many fish had already reached tha
Atlantic coaat. The history of each of these expedi
tions la replete with thrilling tales, the one with tha
onslaught of the wind and wavea, the other from op
position by both red men and white, for the British
trading companies were contending for the territory
almost aa strenuously as were the Indiana for their
hunting grounds. In the spring of the year 1811, the
Astor people built a fort and established a trading
poet upon a part of the present site of the city of
Astoria. At first the little community was most pros
perous and all went "merry aa a marriage bell," then
came open conflict with England known aa the war
of 1812, which for a time made it "hard sledding"
for the American pioneers and at one time threatened
tha very existence of the settlement.
The great Columbia rolling in magnificent
grandeur to tha sea remains -the same, while on Its
broad waters the craft of all natlona float; the canoe
of tha Siwash, the steam yacht of the multl-mlilion-alre,
the dreadnaughts of powerful aatlona ara to be
seen; but "men may come and men may go, I go
on forever,"' aa the song recites old Columbia flows
-onward aa In the beginning.
A century ago tha red men with uplifted spear
stood watching, from mid-stream rock, with keeneat
of eye, for the wary fish, that kippered aalmon might
land in hla tepee; today the yield of these waters to
" commercial fish channels apella thousanda of dollars
annually and tha employment of a host of people.
Columbia river aalmon atanda for tha beat la the
world and. although they are not all canned ia As
toria, or even on the Columbia river, perbapa had they
not been caught the fish would sooner or later have
gone there. At any rate, Astoria ia a alee place to go
for fun or fortune.
Astor Money for Aatorta Centennial.
In 1848, at the ripe old age of 83, John
Jacob Aator passed from earth, leaving behind him
the then considered stupendous fortune of $8,000,000,
much of it Invested in New York real estate which to
day constitutes the bulk of the wealth of the house of
Aator. A literal donation waa made by the estate
toward defraying the expanses of thla centennial cele
bration which will occur at Astoria from August 10
to September 9 of this year.
In 1S11 the Indian canoe, light ;aa a feather,
graceful as a swan, was the only light craft known to
the inhabitants of the woods on the banka of the
Columbia. In 1911, at the centennial of Aatorla, mo
tor boats, those swift-moving craft of the water, will
compete for priaca aggregating $ It, 000. On it Atlan
tic seaboard cities, and even Peoria, 111., will enter In
the free-for-all class, in which a $3,000 caah prlia will
be the particular attraction. Not only will there be
demonstrated during this centennia celebration the
auperiority of the motor boat over the canoe, but
that intrepid navigator of the air, Mr. Glenn Cuxtiaa,
will demonstrate that Darlua Green waa at least on
the right track when he aaid: t
' Til light on the liberty pole and crow.
' An' I'll aay to those gappln' fools below,
'What world'a thla 'ere
Fve come ao near?' "
Mr. Curtlss may not attempt to light on a liberty
pole or crow but according to the program he will,
with a hydro-aeroplane, on three different and dis
tinct days 'play duck." by starting from the surface
of the Columbia river, soaring in the air o'er land
and sea. returning to near the place from which he
started and alighting again on thf
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. ,. ,.--,r 1 . . - w . g4ia Ky '' '"' "" ' " ' "' " -- .. : -. a i i x a S ' : f J
Sw A OmrmYA LM fV TTTm T-rsy i .A. I. t, " '
"This new wonder of the air," writes Mr. Curtlss,
"ia popularly called "The Triad,' meaning the anion of
three. It takes this name from the fact that It rep
resents the conquest of three elements, vis., air,
water and earth. The Triad can fly sixty miles an
hour, skim the water like a racing boat at fifty miles
aa hour, and run over the earth at thirty-five mllea
aa hour. It can rise from the earth and alight upon
the water, atart from tha water and coma down on
the land, or be used exclusively on either land or
water. The hydro-aeroplane la safer than an ordi
nary aeroplane and for this reaaon It Is bound to be
come thf most popular of all aerial crafts. The be
ginner can take it out on his neighboring lake or
river or even great bay and skim it over the .water
until he Is sure of himself and euro he can control it
in the air. He can fly It alx feet above the water for
any distance with the feeling that even if something
should happen to cause a fall he would not be dashed
Mr. Curtlss expresses himself as believing that the
Triad will become the great seagull, the greatest fac
tor In the development of aviation. He aeems to
think that the day Is not far distant when a trip via
the atmosphere acrosa the Great Lakes will be but
the Jaunt of a summer day, while one will soon be
able to go from New York to Paris by an air line.
Proposed Show ia 'Well Planned.
To make this centennial a succeas the state of
Oregon put la the pot $50,000, Clatsop county $25,
000, Colonel Jacob Astor $10,000, Astoria busiueae
men $50,000, transportation companiea and Portland
buaineaa men $15,000, total $150,000; certainly
enough to insure a good show. The Oregon National
guard 'will hold its annual encampment at thia time
and place while at Fort Stevena, not far away, the
United States regular army artillery men will hold
yearly target practice aad drilL There will be battle
ahlps, great and email, galore, for not only will the
United Statee be represented by the full Pacific
aquadron. but England. 8outh American republlca,
China and Japan have aignlfled their Intention to
take part In the celebration.
Old Fort Astor, Just aa It looked in the days of
1811, before the Indians owned "fire guns" or had
quit taking acalpa, will be there, life-elae, aa it la to be
rebuilt for the occasion. Paradea almost without
number will aa a matter of course be given on land
Laat but not least, if the reader la thinking of
coming to the Pacific northwest for the purpose of
home-seeking or investment, will be the annual meet
ing of Oregon Development league. Thia organization
has associated cluba In 118 different towna In the
atate and a man with a tongue In hla head can find
out about every part of the commonwealth by just
giving his talking machine an opportunity to work
overtime If neceaaary. Besides, the secretary of the
organisation, Mr. C. C. Chapman, manager of the
publicity bureau of the Portland Commercial club and
one of the beat blowhards, alias boosters. In the north
west (Canada included), will be there with the glad
hand and cheerful grin and the atranger la aura to
feel at home lnaide the gate of any yard where
C. C. C. chances to chase himself.
Colombia a Great Food Producer.
Astoria la far famed for it fishing Industry, the
salmon having for unknown agea found favorite
spawning grounds in the Columbia river. More than
3,000 Sahlng crafts make this city their home port
and one of the most interesting sights for the tour
ist, la a flah cannery ft operation. Aa the season doea
not close until August 25, visitors to the centennial
celebration will hare an opportunity to aee there
great fish, often weighing seventy pounds each and
averaging about twenty pounda, taken from the
native element and placed la the eana which preserve
them while being transported to all parte of the
globe. If one la a lover of fish no difficulty will
be found la fully appeaaing the appetite during the
daya spent In tha city located at the mouth of thia
OMAHA, SUNTUY MORNING, JULY 16,
tf -"Tnfe ,
Speaking of the river reminds one that the
Columbia aurpasses In scenery any other stream In
seven states. To the lover of the beautiful nothing in
nature can be found grander than ia to be seen from
the deck of a steamer ascending the river. To the
east are the lofty Caacadea crowned with eternal
snows, Mt. Hood, the monarch of them all, loom
ing up In magnificent grandeur. A mantle of green
covers the country aa far aa the eye caa reach, for
where the forests have passed away an almost per
petually green grass has filled the gaps, fruits and
flowera making brilliant patches on the landscape.
Along the banks of the rushing river are many pic
turesque rocka, the delight of every artist's eye and
the despair of the amateur painter who endeavors to
produce their likeness. The passenger service from
Astoria to the Dalles is excellent, the meals being
first-class and well served, hence the trip is enjoyable
In every sense of the word.
Recently a prominent weekly publication in the
far east which, if I may be allowed to publicly ex
press a private opinion, is fast developing symptoms
of the swelled cranium, asked for articles advising
how best to Invest capital for the benefit of one's
children. An acquaintance of the writer, who haa
no living children, but knows pumpkin pies from
plum duff, eent a communication reading about a
Chances for Investments to Grow.
"Be it understood in the beginning that the
author of this article is in no manner or form directly
or Indirectly interested financially in the real estate
of the region described. That for nearly a half cen
tury he haa observed the westward progress of civil
ization carrying with it a steady, staple advance In
land values In every locality where agriculture or hor
ticulture can be successfully undertaken until the
Would Whip More
A RECENT Issue of the New York
Tribune appears aa interview with Gov
ernor Simeon E. Baldwin of Connecticut.
He comes out firmly in favor of whipping
for many petty offenders, and for muti
lation of confirmed prisoners for certain
offences, aa a new law now provides for
In New Jersey. His long experience aa Judge of the
superior and supreme courts aad aa chief justice of
the state has made his field of observation extensive
and his recommendations have the advantage of the
combine! study and observation of mere than bait a
Governor Baldwin haa been a delegate to three
international conventions on penology and ia an inter
national authority on penological methods. When
asked for a atatement of his views on the subject in
detail, he said:
"Relief that pauperizes; punishment which con
firms criminality and disseminates it; theae have cot
always been unknown in the administration of gov
ernments, even In the twentieth century.
"Humanity readily sinks into humanltarianlam.
Humanitarlanism readily sinks into sentimentality.
The great danger (1 am tempted to say all the danger)
in our day Is in the direction of excess In lenity, In
openhandedness, in sympathy. .
"One effect ia that the inmate of a public charit
able institution today in Connecticut ia better fed and
housed than be ever waa in his life before. The dietary
la made up as well to tempt aa to aatisfy the appetite,
and very often ao a to overload the stomach and
"Modern investigations aa to processes of nutrition
satisfy our best physiologists that we all eat too much.
A good many well-to-do people believe they are right
and act accordingly, but I aee little consideration given
to their advice in the kitchens of our charitable or of
our penal Institutions.
"Another point to which I would call public atten
of an Historical Event:
till . ..L-l-VIlU- 3 iZi
so-called 'jumping off place,' the northwest Pacific
coast, haa been reached.
"Look backward but a generation. The father of a
man today of middle age, would not have dreamed It
possible that In se short a time New York City could
attain the great eminence now held In the world, nor
that every quarter section of good land in eastern
Now York state for example, If held by the heira of
the original owner would make them well off ere
they reached man's estate.
"No man one hundred or even fifty years ago
could see that Fort Dearborn, surrounded by a slough,
would become the center of a wonderful city which,
passing through fire and financial panics, haa become
the greatest metropolis but one of the Western hemi
sphere. "Greater than all these happenings will be the
development of the Pacific northwest. It would seem
as If here Dame Nature did her last work and, in
commemoration thereof, more perfectly laid the
foundation for future greatness.
"First, the wonderful forests were made to grow,
covering this great expanse of country with a mantle,
as It were, worth millions of dollars. Numerous
are the men who by reason of these timber lands
have become very rich, for one average merchantable
tree la worth In the market today aa much as ai
acre of such timber would have coat three decade
"The forests are disappearing but the land with
Its almost Incredible fertility is certain for all agea
to remain. There ara millions of acres of the land
that can be purchased almost for a song and thou
sands of acres which may be had practically tor the
asking, providing one is willing to live for a little
while the life of the frontier.
"The first settlers of the eastern coaat had a
and Imprison Less
tion ia the right way of dealing with children who are
caught In crime. In Scotland if a boy commits a crim
inal act he ia not let off with an apology or a sus
pended sentence. An appropriate penalty ic provided.
It is a sound whipping administered by order ot tha
court. That ia a deterrent to other boys, and to him
when temptation comes to him the next time.
"I believe whipping, hard enough to be a thor
oughly unpleasant experience, but not hard enough to
break the akin, is a far more appropriate penalty to
impose than sending a boy to the reform school. It
would leave plenty of room for the probation officer.
He could supplement the whipping, but his work. I
believe, should not displace it altogether.
"Putting the wrongdoer in confinement, to be sup
ported at public expense, after applying the fruits, so
far as they may go, ia a very costly kind of a punish
ment for the state. It waa much cheaper to dispose of
him as they did a hundred years ago. They generally
fined or flogged him and let him go, unless It waa a
atate'a prison offence. Very few were sentenced to
confinement in jail. In 1830 we abolished the
whipping post. Before that our courts had sent
only about fifty to Jail each year. The next year,
1831, there were ninety-two commitments, and five
years later they bad risen to 270.
"One ot the persons most closely connected with
the state reform school of Connecticut stated a year
or two ago that of the boys kept in the principal build
ing of the institution not one, a far aa they could dis
cover, led aa honest life after bis release. A better
showing is made by the statistics put forward by the
Elmira reformatory, but I do not hesitate to avow my
conviction that whipping would often furnish a mode
ot punishment far more appropriate than fine or Im
prisonment for young offenders and for some minor
offences by full grown men. It might also be as use
ful a substitute for or addition to imprisonment for
. certain graver crime."
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
502Ztf ACQ3 ASTOR;
vigorous climate with which to contend; those who
dwell on the Pacific coast live in a clime simply sub
"Even as the automobile is swifter than the ox
cart, the telephone surpasses the pony express aad
progress In general of the present age Is more rapid
than that of a hundred years ago, so will Investment
in land In the northwest more rapidly make the chil
dren of today wealthy and there will never be tha
least danger of loss."
Tomorrow's Children Can Be Rich.
This reasoning Is entirely correct and tha man
who is looking for a safe Investment that will placa
his children on Easy street cannot do better than
spend a couple of weeks lu the Astoria, Ore., vicinity
next August. The photographs from which the pic-'
tures on the page were made are good as far aa photo
go, but do not show the beauty and grandeur of tha
great Columbia any more than the picture of John
Jacob Astor shows that he died a multi-mlllionalra.
The panorama doea not show that Astoria Is a modem
city ot more than 10,000 inhabitants, full of energy
and vim, surrounded by a country of unsurpassed
fertility, the point where Oregon soil was first
touched by a white man.
When the good ship Tonquln first entered tha
mouth of the river her captain, aa aeeda he must,
saw the beauty and wealth of the land, wherefore ha
ordered preparations made for a permanent trading
post and a fort built. The original fort no longer
exists, but at the centennial celebration a reproduc
tion of the original atructure will be ahown, giving
thoee who see it perfect knowledge of how the
pioneers prepared for protection against the peopla
of the forest.
There will also be a series of pyrotechnical dis
plays, consisting of a water pageant ot two hours'
duration ia which a ballet of 200 foreign vaudeville
artists will perform, exhibiting what will be known as
the early daya of Astoria or the destruction ot tha
Tonquln, which will make even the salmon In tha
Columbia sit up and take notice.
On exhibition will also be. It la said, a number
of state governors, with their staffs and other erl
denee of greatness. One of two of these exalted per
sonage are real curiosities and will be worth cross
ing the mountains and wind-swept plain to behold.
Thus It will be seen that the Astoria centennial
will be a regal affair replete with pleasure and op
portunities to gain valuable Information aa free aa
the oceaa breeaes and aa beneficial. v
V ! vV 'J
S I .--If .
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