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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 15, 1911)
HE OMAHA; DAILY BEE.
Oliii MAGAZINE FEATURES
W It, hmnr, lit linn anil rtxnl
Meal. lrirlli, mwmm,
Tor Nfliraskg I'robably ahowera.
For Iowa 1'usettled.
vol.- XL No. :uu.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MOHXINd, JUNK l. J!)11-TVKIA'K TAdLS.
NINULK OUT TWO (.TINTS.
roun iiiiNi . ,"D
Larrje Class ii Graduate
University of Iowa Wet
riFTY NEW LAWYERS TAKE OATH
Portrait of Late President Thacher
Presented by Alumni.
ADDRESS BY JUDGE GKOSSCUP
Chicago Jurist Reviews the Sherman
BUSINESS INTERESTS BRUTAL
dseallnn Aakea to WhKlfr Reeeat
- Decisions Ga Far Kaoaga
Prevent (erwornttona front
IOWA CITT. la.. June 14. -(Special.)
Farewell were said at the University of
low tofiay by nearly 400 Minora, candi
date (or degrees, graduate collate student
and other honored at the annual com
The annual address was delivered by
Judge Peter 8. Qresscup of Chicago of the
United Elates court of appeals, who. ad
dressing the students, said:
"To recognise combination and monopoly
as something necessarily here aquare the
law te the fact and then, as a condition
to granting corporate power at all. reserve
the right to reguiats dividends." Judge
Grosacup's discussion of the remedy pro
posed by him was prefaced by a review
of the Sherman, act, tin whloh ha said:
"As Interpreted prior to May of this
year the Sherman, antt-trust act was be
lieved to be s weapon, in the hands of
the men' who happened to constitute the
administration at Washington, to destroy
such specific monopolies and combinations
as the administration chose to consider
hurtful to competition In enterprise. In
stead the Sherman act became a sunken
mine, over whloh nearly every form of
enterprise had to sail-- he fuse that would
set it off, ' or keep It harmless, running
direct to the office ot the attorney general
Desist from Being BrataL.
"But will big business, with no re
straint hanging over It other than the
Sherman aot as hew Interpreted, desist
from being brutal? Will one of these big
business enterprises, caught now and then
employing the prohibited accessory meth
ods and ordered to rehabilitate, as the
Standard OH and ' Tobacco combinations
have been ordered to rehabilitate, prevent
others from taking their chances along the
seme lines, or from taking chances along
"But to which government, the national
r the state, shall be given the power te
apply the remedy? . My' answer Is, that,
hi the case of the big so-called trusts.
such, for lnstanee, as tt) packers 'or the
-Standard. IV! CnrQtnnjX bulk of whose
raw materials Is drawn from states other
thaif the company's -domicile, or the bu'k
of whose finished product Is sold In state
other than the company's domicile, thereby
bringing their business into Interstate
commerce, the ' principles t am urging
should be applied by the national govern
ment through such processes as will make
tt practically compelling that enterprises
of this kind organise as corporations un
der the United States laws.
'' rnlr Dtrtdeaaa tow All.
"To that extent at least. I am for the
new nationalism, by the hand o? a sickle
sovereignty! and that the supreme sov
ereignty, and the principle. It ee:na to
mo, can be effectively applied to the big
so-called trusts. Hut ,thls does aot moau
that the sinsJler manufacturing and trad
In j , corporations In any given field of
enterprise should be nationally Incorpo
rated. From these arises no monopoly,
And , where, among these smaller con
eeroa, combinations arise in unreasonable
restraint of trade, the Sherman act as
Dow tnterpretsd would probably be suf
cient. - If the bulk of the business of the
comreay Is national, let the nation be the
point and regulator of the corporate
advantages under which It Is conduced,
end If It absorbs enough of the business
of the line In which It Is engaged to
tnttls tt to Orow off effective compe
tition; let the principle of fair dividend
Judge Oroaaeup discussed price super
vision as a ansthed of government regu
lation as distinguished from restriction on
dividends, "Frioe supervision by govern
ment," the speaker said, .''would always
and necessarily be Indirect and Inexact,
t Continued on Second Paga)
rote. HFTtRASKA Probably showers.
rO IOWA Unsettled.
IS TMJt 7HI
1 !! temperature...,
isti. i;u. ij. r
... s4 w ;t
... tl j i,
-.. i u
Tntprsture sad precipitation deji.iuirj
Kurti al list s:iLiU: , .
t Kxrera for the day
' Total eiceti since March 1
K.c-s for the dsy..
Total ia i-. Li 11 siiu-e March 1....
lh-f-olencw mice Man-n I
Lfl"i n-y f w nr. t .oJ, isio.
NefiJta.iV'' fvr tor. pt-r.ud, 1J.
$X : liu es
4. W iut h-a
t.x , .
$Utioo sr. a State
of V .
Cheyenne, pt cloudy..,
fr Uu!n, cloidy
rodi( fl'y. car
lr.J. r. lujJy
Kortta I1" l-'ttr
o- . -
i , .--. . .
rait Lk t'Hy cloudy.
K it im re. iliulr...
t.mt t t. y'.. cloudy.
; p in. High
T tei-i.';lS trace of prrrli ttatlon.
M. IV HuKISrt. lilw-rvir,
Teui"arily la Cuargs.)
. ( , , 12 m
7 p. m...
P. m .,
HerrFroy is Out
of tho -'lying in
the itaco to Turin
Aviator Now in lui Hosmtal with
Kijht Ltu. and left Lc E;oken
and Jav Fr:taied.
nONCKJI.loNK, linly. June 11. Heir
Frey, the only comic-t.tor In tlie raris-Home-Turin
uvlntion race to attctript the
final leg of Hie coiiie. lira In the hos
pital here with his right arm and left leg
broken and Ills lower Jaw fractured. In
periods of dellrlm-i he flalits sgaln the
battle with Dim for that was Ms undoing
Krey does not appear to have been In
jured Internally and the physicians believe
he will ircover. The airman's wife came
from Florenes during the nlglit and la with
him today. )
The time limit lor the race will expire
tomorrow and yesterday the German
gvlator decided to take one more chance
with the elements, hoping to reach Flor
ence and thence accomplish the perilous
flight over the Appenines to Bologna,
from whore It should be comparatively eay
going to the goal at Turin. Starting from
Rome he soon tan Into a heavy fog and
lost his boatings. Approaching 1-ake Vlro,
his machine brrair.e unmanageable In . a
fierce rain 'and hailstorm and whirled him
to the ground In the mountain forests nar
here. Hours later the Injured man was
found In the wreckage ot his aersplaae by
Mod Cfoss searchers. Ha had covered about
thirty-five mltea when ha fell
Makes Address at
Nebraska Executive Spoke at Univer
sity at Column as and Will Bpcak
at Athens Today.
COIXMBU8. O.. June 14. (8peclal Tele
gram,) Governor Aldrlch of Nebraska was
orator at the commencement ot the Ohio
pate university here today and delivered
an Inspiring address on "Progressive Clt-
isenshlp" ' before the graduating class of
436 and an audience of 1,000 representing
many cities and. towns In Ohio.
Governor Aldrlch and wife have been the
recipients of many social honors during the
visit In Ohio's capital. He delivers an ad
dress at the commencement of Ohio uni
versity at Athens tomorrow and he and
Mrs. Aldrlch will visit his old Tnome In
Ashtabula county before returning to Ne
In his addresg today the governor dwelt
at some length on progressive legislation
in th aetata ot his adoption.
Berger of Wisconsin
SUlit . C63aTamaa.' Bays Protw-
tivo Tariff Sieve Eeaigned; to
. Protect Working: Maa,
; V- . '. M ; . , ,
WARHIKGTdX. Jua 14 aprosonta.tlf
Victor L. Berger of Wisconsin. sooialUs,
spoke against the Underwood wool tariff
bill .today. He denounced "all forme AC
tariff as inimical to labor, but did not ad
vocate the Immediate abolition of the tax
ing system because, he said, labor could
not withstand the sudden cacna-e.
"The protective tariff was never de
signed to protect the working man," Bold
Renter, "that was an afterthought, and
because the working men had votes."
He said tlie onlv protection labor on
Joved was be found In the trades unions
and in the utilization of the boycott and
In reply to auestlons ss to why San
Francisco had appeared to be corrupt un
der the rule of laboring men. Mr, Berger
declared that Ean Francisco was a glaring
example of "big bus ncss using labor nniens
as political tools." '
Knox is Absolved
From All Suspicion
Secretary cf State Presents the Miss-
iriT Toucher ia; the Day Por-
WA9KIXOTON. . June lt.-Wben Secre
tary of State Knox appeared today before
the house committee on expendlturee In
the fitate department be presented the cng
missing voucher fur S2.C0 in the Day por
trait ease and of which the artists received
only $S50, leaving 11. 'unaccounted for.
Chairman Hamlin examined It and declared
he firmly believed the voucher had been
"doctored" since the beginning of the In
vestigation. Secretary . Knox protested, and Mr. Ham
lin hastened to absolve him of any sus
picion In the matter. , .
Hopper of Omaha in
iiine ior rresmeni
.a Travelers' "Trstcotire As-ociatica in
Annual Sebn In Phila.
' PHILADELPHIA. J. ri 14.- 1 today's
n r i .:U:n of tho n-.nval ccr vc-.V. m of ths
a: Vravelera' Prcteot've- .'.-. ;c'-;on of .". !er
80 lea It was Ceclr'.rd r..t la ttr.6 a Committee
I to Waaliinjrlon to crow the l-aMaje of
i the act prolill for a pane's poet, be-
lausc a nutntxr of iurinli-i of the crsocla-
Jtlon are now In 'a li.ngtun n (y lo f'ght
i. tl! Mil.
t'lir.rlis lloj-prr cf Omaha will be elected
president toitiorrow. t
Three Hailroads May
Increase the ilates
Seek lo Ict-.'hli-h Hi. her Hiirjes
V.herc Lower Fartj TleicH from
State Rc-nl-tica.. -
WASH I N JTON, June ll.--f)f fo rl-en ap.
pltca4icn by w.-strrn nnd fOt wrstern
rall-naita for rm'i'ni In evtih'lih b'i-hcr
pearenifrr taten Uv short tl'ati for four
long hauls liv tl- ui'ie dlrn-t'on the
Interitata Commer'e co'n;7il?t on t-xlay
denied eleven and granted three.
I'l-rmlsiiliin tti e.tHi-t h'ir charges was
given to ths Illinois f'entrsl la Instanovs
wfere the lo fares rrstillsd from state
regulations or coitipelltioit by a mors oi
MO0KE A VICTIM
OF JOY RIDING-
Death Claims Wayne Moore, Injured
Near Waterloo When Auto
13 HURRIED TO HOSPITAL
Operation Which Follow. Proves to
OTHERS ARE ALSO INJURED
Young Woman Living- in Omaha is
Now at the Hospital.
VICTIM IS WELL KNOWN HERE
Married 711 las (irsre Conner the Day
After rhrlatntea Came fe Omeha
Year Ago from Re4 Oak.
Wayne Moore died Tuesday night In the
Clarkson Mvti.orlat liuspltu. as a result of
Injuries received at 1 o'clock Tuesday
morning, when his big tout'ig car turned
completely over one mile west of Waterloo.
Five occupants of the car were strewn
alone, the road when Mayor Wols of "Fre
mont rame upon them while returning
home from the Ak-Kai-Pen den In Omaha.
Three young woman of the party sustained
severe bruises and scratches, and Lem C.
Kill ot the Her Ursnd hotel wss also In
jured. Moore end two of the three women ie
matned unconscious for several hours after
they had been taken to the hospital in
Fremont on a passenger rUn. which wss
flagged by Mayor Wols. tarly Tusoday
morning Dr. Lee Van Camp received an
urgent call from Fremont, and he ruihed
to the bedside of the Injured. While tone
of the women was dangerously hurt,
Mr. Moore was seen to be s'.owly bleeding
to desth from hemorrhages caused by In
ternal Injuries. .
llealizlng that Mr. Moore' only possible
chance of recovery lay In a speedy opera
tion, he was rushed to the Clarkson hospi
tal In Omaha late Thursday afternoon
where an operation wss performed at 1
o'clock. 'When' the surgeons , made' the
first Incision It was at once seen that all
chance of saving the patient's life had
passed as the blood gushed from his stom
ach like a geyser. He dle at 11 o'clock.
The - body . was removed to TIeafey sV
Heafey's Undertaking establishment until
arrangements for the funeral have been
Came froaa Red Oak.
Wayne Moore y was about IB year old
and came here from Red Oak. Ia.. about
a year ago. His parents are wealthy and
he lived a Ufa of ease since coming to
Omaha. Seven month ago Mr. Moore was
married to Miss Grace Connor, adopted
daughtec. of Joseph Connor, late million
aire grain operator, and their wedding was
one of the social events of the season. Tho
young couple resided at 708 Bouth Twenty
ninth street.! , - ,.
Mrs. Moor was) proetraUd WedneaJu.'
from the shock ot her husband's death.
She was not with the party when the ao-
It was learned Wednesday that Miss
Huth McGuire. a half sister of Mrs. T. J.
O'Brien, wife of the proprietor of the Hen
shaw hotel. 1 one of the young women who
was injured In the auto smashup.' She 1
now In the hospital at Fremont, but is not
dangerously hurt. She may be Improved
sufficiently to be taken home In a day or
Monday evening Mrs. Moore had been a
member of a party downtown, but was
taken slightly 111 And was sent home by
her husband. A short time afterwards
the party of five started for a run to Fre
mont In tho huge car. The names of the
other two girls who were In the auto have
not been' divulged.
The funeral of Wayne Moor will not be
held until the whereabouts of his mother
and sisters vhave been ascertained. They
are supposed to be traveling either through
Canada or along , the Paclfio coast and
have not been beard from for several
REFUSES TO GIVE INFORMATION
Interaatloaal Paper Company Will
Ket Give Pea rose Facts Aboat
WASHINGTON, June ll-The Interna
tional Paper company iias written Chair
man Penrose of the senate finance com
mittee, refusing to furnish Information
Senator Penrose had asked reelecting the
purchase price of the properties merged
into the International company and whether
paid for In cash, bonds or otherwise.-
The company, through Its representative,
Chester W. Lyruan, asys: "There are busi
ness reasons entirely aside from the pur
poses of your investigation which would
make us unwilling to publish broadcast
soms of tho facts asked for."
.- M I -! .',
r-V rv--- A v .'::"t' -w
,,:: : " . yji -:A. H
- .-t... . j
: ' . . . -. i :
I ' I I I ! ' M II ; ..,,.,
From the Washington Herald.
HEIKE IN THE
Confidant of Havemeyer Tells Why
Sugar Trust Was Organized.
TO REDUCE COST OF PRODUCTION
Hosm Investigating Committee Falls
to Locate Caatrollag Gestlna ot
the Aaaerleam Sagas K
WASHINGTON, Jane 14. An attempt to
discover the seeret of the power of the
late Henry O. Havemeyer. who for years
was th controlling ritlus of the American
Mugar Benntrw comi. failed .again to
day when the house VSugar .-trust' , in
vestigating committee cross examined
Charles H. Helke. supposed confidante of
the ''sugar king and secretary - of the
company until -'his Indictment connecting
him with the recent sugar customs frauds.
Edwin F. Atkins, acting head ot the cor
poration had testified that Mr. Havemeyer
had ruled th concern with holdings ot
1200,900 of a total of 80,00,00. ......
Mr. Helke protested that he knew noth
ing of the operations of Mr, Havemeyer.
Explaining that little discussion ot busi
ness ever took place at the meetings of
the board of directors of the corporation,
Mr. Heike pleaded his inability to tell the
committee much about the big transactions
of the company during the course of time
he was with the company.
President Havemeyer ran - the business,
the witness said. He denied that he had
such confidential relations with,- Mr. Have
meyer as to be able to testify now about
the business of former days.
"A a matter of fact," Inquired Repre
sentative Garrett ot Tennessee, "were you
not from the time of the organisation of
the company down to Mr. Havemeyer'
death, his confidential assistant?"
"No, sir," said Mr. Hsike, emphatically.
. Mr. Helke said he owned fifty shares In
the American. He was asked to' give a his
tory of the organisation of the company,
but professed his Inability to tell why the 1
merger was entered Into, although hs was
secretary of one of the companies that
went Into the combination. Looking -at it
from the past, he said, hs judged the
merger was ' to reduce the cost ot pro
duction. Books Are Produced.
During the session Becretery Freeman
of the corporation produced. In response to
a summons, minute books of tbe directors'
meetings. Representatives Raker and
Madison were appointed a subcommittee
(CenUBtMa on Second Paga)
of State Health
LAV I1KEN MttTlNd IN OMAHA
-I x , '4V-i
Ik . -v.-
The Tug of War is On
x'fr? Iif ".r- -i
i f. i '
Most of the Day is
Spent in Wrangling
. ' .
Oorsuch, Secretary, on the, Stand in
Missouri Suit to Oust Lumber
KANSAS CITT. Mo.. June 14. He y A.
Oorsuch. secretary of the Southwestern
Lumbermen's association, was the first wit
ness heard todav In the hearing ot the
state's ouster suit against the . so-called
lumber trust. Mr. Oorsuch began hi tes
timony yesterday. ' , '
Wrangling between attorneys. .Jot r the,
lumbermen and the state's reoresentaUrcs
tor up the greater-pat of r'today s ses
sion. Practically the , only point , that As
sistant Attorney , General Atkinson.- was
able to get Into the record was the testi
mony by Harry A. Oorsuch. that the Lum
ber Secretaries' Bureau of .Information, of
which he was president in 1906. compiled
and aent out "bulletins of information" to
member of his association.
It was brought out also that Gorsuc.h
withdrew from the bureau on account of
a pledge exacted ot the secretaries, of
which his association did not approve. .
of Woodmen Circle
Mrs. Emma Manchester of Omaha is
- Again Elected Head of the
. . Order. V .
ROCHESTER, N. T., June 14. The su
preme council of the Woodmen Circle In
biennial convention here today elected
thes supreme officers:
Guardian. Mrs. Emma B. .Manchester
Omaha, Neb.; adviser,. Mrs. Emms Camp
bell, Port 'Huron, Mich.; clerk. Mls Dora
W. Alexander, Texas; banker, Mrs.. Ida M.
Kelly, Davenport, Ia.; attendant, Mrs.
Isemann, Paducah, - Ky.; chaplain, Mr.
Watts, Mississippi; Inner sentinel, Mrs.
Chope, Mason, Mo.; outer sentinel, Mrs.
Donelan, South- Carolina.
MISSOURI GETS i A WETTING
Droatk Brelten, Kola Being ef Great
Benefit to the Crops and
ST. JOSKPH. Mo., Juno 14. Tbe pro
tracted drouth In northwest Missouri was
broken today and the rain was of great
benefit to growing crops and pasture.
.BBsaasw- rCnJS-fJ.7fiIfffSSS lir- 4T. ? - . .r
crit y? r.
FARRELL TO BE SUMMONED
President of Steel Trust to Be Called
to Explain Some Things.
CARNEGIE POLICY IS DISCUSSED
Pools Are Ianalred Into and Gayley
- iays Koae Exist, Fas' as
WASHINGTON. June 14.-Determined to
Blscover why the United States 8teel cor
poration could ' sell steel rails abroad
cheaper than at home, ths "Steel trust"
investigating committee of the- house to
day pRsctlasll.v announced Its intention of
summoning James A. K arret!, prestdeot of
tbe corporation, to explain the situation.,
James Gayley. former vice president of
the corporation, acknowledged he could
not. tell, and .referred th committee 'to'
Mr. Farrell. who for years had been In
charge of the export business of the con
cern. . ' - i
. "Is President ' Farrell In this country
now, or abroad?" asked Mr. BartleU.
"I think h 1 here now," was the reply.
"Mr. Farrell," Interrupted Mr. Undaboy,
counsel for the Steel corporation, "Is at the
service of this committee and will come
before you whenever you desire him."
"I simply wsnted to learn where to find
him," said Mr. Bartlett.
Mr. Gayley was questioned by Chslrman
Stanley as to the methods of shipping raw
materials and for. details concerning the
operation of the Steel corporation railroad
and steamship companies and their rela
tions with other railroads.
; He was asked to explain prices ot rails
quoted' to the Canadian Pacific railroad;
prices lower since 1901 than the uniform
domestic rate of S2S a ton. Mr. Gayley
again referred to President Farrell.
Gayley Tells at Steel War.
-Mr. Gayley described at length the steel
war which occurred In 1897 and 1S99. dur
ing whloh the steel rail prices varied, drop
ping as low aa $17 a ton.
"Did not that ateel war In 7-99 bring
about the organization of the United States
Steel corporation?" Mr. Hartlett asked.
"I do not think it had anything to do
with It. It may have had an effect on the
formation of the Federal Steel company,
organised Just before the Steel corpora
tion was formed."
"Do you know whether or not there 1
an agreement now between steel rail manu
facturers whereby the territory Is par
celled outt" "
;"I do not. 'If such existed. Mr. Karrell
could tell you."
The Garaearlo Palter.
Andrew (laroegle'a policy in the conduct
of the steel business before he sold to the
Hteel corporation, was made the basis for
a line of Inquiry. N
Mr. Stanley asked Mr. Gayley for an es
timate of the amount of money expended
by the Carnegie company In expanding
tin business between 1)09 and the formation
of the Hteel corporation In 1301. Mr. Gay
ley said he could not give an estimate, but
!eclared the pulley of the Carnegie com
pany always was one of expansion.
Pools bffors 1'1 were also Inquired Into
und Mr. Gsyley declared again that no
v:uch pools among steel men existed todsy
'1st he knew of. Aa for details of the
IJ pools, lie referred tlie committee to
Mr. Rohwab and Mr. antes. '
Mr. Stanley preced the Inquiry Into tbe
"1.1 agreements, seeking to discover how
:Ury had been i-.pcr.eded.
"It required vlfiHsnre. mutual agree
treats, the Infliction of pr rallies to stain
tain strel prices emong Independent manu
factnrtrs before the orfnn'sattoo of ths
Steel corporation, did It not?" ha asked.
"The oM otrreements often were bivrften,"
Mr. Gayley rerhed. 'and In those days
rrtce cuttluc fM an retaliation) for aoine
"HI nee the formation of the) flteel trust,
have there been no fancied wrongs and no
efforts oa tfca part of cnaauXartarera to
"There tiava set," was the twiphstlo re
pfy. "Kgaufartarer of steel taasy bar
been Brousht more closely together. They
sre retting better acquainted and there Is
more freedom of Intereearse that has sre
Med a better understanding. Everything
n done openly sad frsckly aiw, whsres
bif.ir. sh meaufaeturvr ' worked
Praaiotlaa lo Tew la,
wwnijrrvr. J - u - p 4i? Ta
lit to the new lt.v m,nImilh .f
I . renins J l oaw lo ke tuar
I'rsl live navy, with tha rank af
President Taft and Minority Leader
Underwood lalK Over Canadian
DEFEAT TOR ROOT AMENDMENT
Senate Devotes Entire Day to Discuss
ing Trade Relations.
M'CUMRER LEADS THE OPPOSITION
Takes Position Free Trade with
Canada Would Hurt Farmers.
CURTIS OPPOSES THE MEASURE
General Oplaloa) . that tbe Oeat
Will Coatlaae Long Time Before '
It Will Pe Fosslbl to
WASHINGTON. June 14 -After a a
ference with President Tsft at th Whit
Ho inn today, Majority leader Vnderwoo4
derlsred he thought the Root amendment
to the Cansdlen reciprocity bill would not
be sdopted by the senate.
"If It should be," he added, "thete would
be a serious hitch between the hov en-J
senate, as the democrats In th house ar
pledged againt It"
At both ends of th cpltol ra
tional legislators todsy championed
or opposed tariff measures. In th
senste Canadian reciprocity - had the)
light of way, the proposed agreement
having been reported to that body yester
day by Senator Penrose, oh airman of the
finance committee. Discussion of the
measure, promising to extend over a period
of many Asys, bids fair to begin In ear
nest, Senator McCumber of North Dakota
opposed the reciprocity agreement la th
senate today on the ground that It would
Injure the American farmer. ,
'1 believe this treaty.' he said. "If en
acted Into law would not only postpone
for many year the consumnation of a
bops Indulged by the farmers of the coune "
try, a hope held out to them by every
speaker and writer, who sought to secure
and hold their rotes for the protective
policy of the country, but that Its logical
result would be to destroy the policy luelf.
I must, therefore, either repudlste all X
have advocated for years or oppose th
consummation ot this agreement. ,
Will Tkea Hess Advantage.
"Even if we adzpitled." ins speakor con
tinued, "that the American market la
now no better than ths Canadian market,
stin we must answer that as soon, as con
sumption overtakes production In this
country, we will reap an advantage and
that advantage la what ws have earned
and what we have tn nramiiHl rnm.
ption for our sacrifices for ths general
principle ot protection during the last
After rviea1ng testimony introduced In
the hearings of the finance . eumtaitu-a
relative -to Canadian end Auariv-an. irka .
Seaater MK'utnbvr S'gidrTT" "
"Having establlalied beyond sy '- '''-'
controversy that our prices ar r. t
the Canadian prices at the pre. i 7 '. 1
and this reciprocity agreement, if r. i
into law. will level those prices In trie tin
mediate future to the world's level, tl
question arises will It be possible for us
at any time In the future again to occupy
tbe 'position we have tor the last several
years that of having a home market worth
from 10 to 11 cents a bushel on wheat, Z)
to 2S cents a bushel on flax and 2) to '99
cents a bushel on barley more . than It
would be If we were dependent upon for
. Considers Political Effect.
"I say again that the farmer who for
years lias looked forward. a that period
a hen consumption and production of
wheat, barley and flax should equal each
other in this country will bs doomed to
remain for a century to come absolutely
dependent on and subservient to the world's
level of prices for his product, and that j
with the enormous possibility of grain pre 1
ductlon In the 'Canadian northwest those
prices will be lower comparatively than he !
has received for a number of years."
After stating his fears that the president '
does not realise the enormous poos'.bllltles '
of the Canadian country and declaring that
It la time enough to open Canadian sou rot g
when the food supply of th United State
ts really threatened.
Cartls Oapaaee Reetpracltr.
The loss to the United States through tha
ratification of th Canadian reciprocity
agreement would. In the opinion of Senator
Curtis, be proportionals to Canada's gain.'
The Kansas senator addressed the senate
In opposition V reciprocity.
Mr. Curtis dvebund that the people gen
erally were not Informed regarding its
pending legislation and that they should
be given opportunity to study the subject
until the regular eenston ot congress.
Mr. Curtis quoted figures to show that
tbe United States trad with Canada last
year had amounted te 1X34,661. tTt and main
tained that this country should let welt
enough alone. "It would." he said, "be i
unwise to retur. to the disastrous policy
which was followed from ISM to Wo.
"Our trade relations with Canada are
now very satisfactory to th United States,
so why should we change them? Pv this
agreement we are to ope4 to them our
splendid market of O.WO.tk people and la
return they give us th market of t.&K.Wt
people, and this, too, a market which lg
now largely controlled by our producers.
There Is no better home - market In th
world than our and why should we part
with any portion of It without an equiv
He also contended that to open the mar
kets to Canadian products would mean
that a large number of people would be
attracted to Canada by Ute low puce of
"It la estimated. " said the senator, "that
there era iu.on.0CO acres ef wheat land lq
weetern Canada not Vet cultivated, which
would yield 1.00KW,O00 bushels ot wheat
annually. Do you think the opening up of
these vst tracts would help the wheat
growers of the United elates?"
Wilfred larler Qeated.
Quoting Plr Wilfred Lsvurier as saying
that the objeet ot th reciprocity compact
was to open tha Anterioaa market to tha
Canadian producer. Mr. CMrtla asked;
"Do net wt loea what they gain?"
During th pregree ot Mr. McCumbet'g
spesah he engaged la a spirited colloquy
with Senator Marvn of New Jersey.
Mr, MeCumber was attempting to aho
that tha America farmer had failed
pear lira hie share of ths prosperity ol tha
last few -years. Mr. Martin tried to 4s
vel.-p the fart that the failure wss due
to th protective policy, but Mr. MoT urn
bar esntended ths th America a market
for agricultural product had beea Int.
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