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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 4, 1911)
TIIE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: JUNE 4 1911.
TO PIT POWERFUL ENGINES
lions for Race Between Big Benz and
SABER AGAINST THE RAPIER
! Wild Boh of Ifaphasar Fame to Drive
Against Facile Felice Naiarrs,
the Voxr Titn(
NEW YORK. June S. Arrangements are
under way to race the two most powerful
" i automobiles In the World at the Brook
lands track, England, within the next
faw months. Word from London In to
that effect. The lowering of Barney Old
field's two-mile, one-mile and kilometer
records on Daytona beach clinched the prop
osition. Wild Bob, as the new record
holder Is called, will be taken to England
by his manager, E. A. Moross. Negotia
tions are under way to pit Burman's
Blitzen Bens against the new Flat, under
construction at Turin, Italy. Felice Nazarro
will probably handle the Flat If the race
It Is said that Burman and Nazarro will
meet In a series of match races at Brook
lands on Memorial day. The 500-mlle race
at Indianapolis falls on the same day.
Burman has not entered the latter con
test, so he Is free to compete In England.
Burman's entry was withheld, It Is said,
until a financial decision waa made re
garding Brooklands. '
A meeting between Burman and Nazarro
would be most sensational. The distances
of the eventb would have to be short say,
a half, one and two miles. The engines
of the Blitzen and the new Flat develop
uch great heat that the cars cannot be
raced a two-mlle-a-mlnute speed for any
thing but short distances. It would be a
meeting between products of two European
factories reputed for turning out special
speed machines. The Benz works at Mann
helm, Germany, and the Turin factory of
tne Italian Fiat have turned out many
great racing machines. Before the Blitzen
was the 1'rince Henry Benz, and before
the new Kiat was the car In which Nazarro
rode to a world's speedway record at
Brooklands two years ago. Later that
car waa brought to this country and
christened the "Mephlstopheles Flat."
Lewis Strang drove It to a mile record
at the Atlanta speedway, but was criticized
for racking the engine,
Burman and Nazarro are distinctly op
posite types of drivers. As the name Wild
Bob would Indicate, Burman Is a headlong,
batter-hia-way-through driver on the order
of George H. Robertson, now retired.
With all, he combines (Teat skill with bis
daring, and since the retirement of Smiling
George he has been oalled the best all
round pilot In this country.
A match between the men could be
likened to the meeting of a saber and a
rapier. Nazarro Is an Italian, and his
driving Is characteristic of his raoe. Blen
iler. artistic looking and finely skilled, he
will be the swift rapier against the wwecp
ing saber. There is none of the Wild Bob
about this cool Italian. Felloe does per
fectly to precede his family name without
any combinations. Facile Felice would be
about the only alliteration suited to the
case. It Is almost uncanny skill and a
quiet courage with Nazarro. The only re
gret Is that America will not see the cross
ing of the saber and the rapier.
to give the engine greater stability when on
curves, owing to the absence of lateral dis
placement of the boiler on the truck, tn
addition to this, there Is less complication
of the steam plrlng. On a IB-degree curvs
the two sections of the boiler form an
angle of about 176 deitrees. Instead of form
ing a straight chord line.
"On one of these two engines the flexible
Joint la a modification of the ball joints
commonly used for subaqueous crossings
of water mains, eto. . . . The Joint con
sists of two cast-Iron tubes or sleeves,
somewhat amaller than the boiler shell and
of such diameters as to telescope together.
One end of the sleeve Is formed
as a segment of a sphere, and is
fitted to a corresponding segment
bulled to the Inside of the boiler shell.
The latter segment is made In two pieces
for convenience In erection. Packing rings
sre fitted to the sleeves and to the spherical
surfaces; those on the latter are of 'soft
metal and they can be adjusted by means
of set screws. The telescopic portion forms
a slip Joint for expansion and contraction,
and the spherical connections permit of th
necessary lateral flexibility."
WATER POWER TO WORK SHOPS
Carrrlnar Electrical "Juice from the
Prodarrr to Distant
Every day or two we read that another
distant mountain wsterfsll or the rapids of
some powerful river has been harnessed to
whirling waterwhecls and electrical genera
tors and the power carried across the
hills and valleys several hundred miles
to the cities and towns, where It can be
used for light, heat and power. It is
essy enough to understand Just how falling
water will turn a wsterwheel and how this
wheel can be made to whirl an electric
dynamo, or generator, but how this power
Is carried away to the city remains a blank
and puzzling mystery to most of us un
skilled In interpreting electrical lore.
There are two ways In which this electri
cal horse power can be carried over the
hills to the cities. In the first place it
rould lltterally be parked over the road In
a basket, just like so many eggs; and the
next It can be sent along a certain metal
lic path with ease, economy and certainty.
To carry this enormous amount of energy
a hundred miles In a basket would neces
sitate Its being used to charge large stor
age batteries and these batteries would
be carried by horse power or the railroads
to the cities where they mere ro be used.
When the batteries were discharged they
would have tb be returned for recharging.
All this would be expensive, not to mention
that- It would be unhandy and far from
being In accordance with business methods
of this day and age.
The electrical engineers quickly found
a better Way to transmit this "Juice" to a
paying market. This was no small task,
remember, because with the first dyna
mos used It was qulle Impossible to trans
mit electrical energy to any considerable
distance. Three things made long distance
transmission of electricity possible alter
nating current, the development of the high
tension Insulator, and the transformer. The
principle Involved In sending electricity
over great distances is to use a very high
voltage or pressure with a correspondingly
(small current- The power transmitted
over a wire la represented by the product
of volts times amperes, or pressure times
rolume. To transmit a lot of power over
a wire, therefore. If you use a very high
voltag-e you can get along with compara
tively few amperes. As the size of the
wire Is proportional to the number of am
peres carried, you can get along with a
small wire by using a high voltage and
low amperage. It Is Just the esme as though
you were to undertake to pump a given
amount of water through a pipe. If you
were to use a pressure of ten pounds per
square Inch, you would need to have a large
pipe to get the water through very fast.
On the other hand. If you were to use
101 pounds pressure per squsre Inch, you
could get the same amount of water
through a very much smuller pipe, thereby
saving money on the pipe.
Before alternating current came Into Use.
It was Impossible to obtain current at high
voltage, except by building a special and
very costly dynamo, and even th-.u. they
could only get a few thousand volts. To
attempt to transmit many miles with only,
say, five or six thousand volts available
pressure, means that to get much power
over a line, a very great current In amperes
would need to be sent over It remember,
power equals volts times amperes. As a
consequence, the copper wires would have
been so large and costly as to be out
of the question. They would have been
massive bars of copper.
Then, along came alternating current, and
with It. the transformer, a comparatively
Inexpensive devlre, which will take the
current from sn nlternatlng dynamo snd
step up the voltage almost to any point
desired. Suddenly, then, engineers had
equipment available for producing current
at high voltage, first jn.000 to .V),0n, and
lately even at 12,000 volts. Then long dis
tance transmission became possible, for
with the high voltage It waa possible to
uae wire email enough so that to transmit
current over a distance of several hundred
miles, the Interest on the money invented
In copper wire would not be out of propor
tion to the receipts from the sale of power.
The development of long distance trans
mission from fifteen or twenty miles, at
first, to ovor 300 miles, has been largely
a matter of developing Insulators which
would prevent the current from leaking
out of or slopping over from the line.
Lately, they have produced Insulators
which will carry 12G.O00 volt wires safely.
When 3O0.0GO volt Insulators are made,
wires will be reduced In size and the
lines may then Increase In radius anothsi
THIS SPEEDER CHEERFUL
WHEN CAUGHT BY POLICE
'Costs Mnrr, hnt We Mast Hare It,
Declares Dlion, PavlnsT Otcf
t ash Iloud.
"It costs money to take a plasnre trl
to Omaha with an auto," aald Asa Dixon,
a business man from Blair. Neb., whllt
he waa being" booked at the police atatloi
Friday evening charged with apeeding
along the south boulevard.
"Nevertheless." continued Mr. Pixon." M
Is worth It to have a good. Jolly tlmo when
a fellow comes on a trip to thla city." Mr.
Plxon was accompanied by another busi
ness man and. two women, all from Blair.
The Tying squadron placed only Dixon
under arrest snd he had no hesitation In
depositing Iffi cash bond, for his appear
ance In police court this .'morning. Than
the party went on rejoicing.
The Key to the Situation Bee Want Ada.
i i i
1 -Tr 1 '
f . " 'm " 1 '" M i iii i isitii ii iiiii miiimi laaisi ni'lia-mniMiiTimiahiftws(anaiiiMr
One Hundred Motors
Are Entered in Yale
Ralph De Palma Will Go After Record
; with Ninety Horsepower
NEW HAVEN, Conn., June S.-More than
100 entries, amateur and professional, are
aasured for the Yale hill climb on Shingle
hill, West Haven, Conn., on Saturday, June
10. Last year the list of contenders almost
equaled this number, while in 1909 there
were eighty-five entries. The fact that the
Tale Automobile club has Joined hands
with the New Haven Automobile club in
an effort to make this season's event a
nationally large hlll-cllmblng contest as
sures a great program. With Ralph De
Palma In his ninety-horse power Simplex
(the same car with which Robertson won
the free-for-all class at this course last
rear); David Bruce-Brown, winner of the
Grand Prize race In a Flat: Caleb Bragg.
With hla ninety-horse power car of the
game make, and a host of other pilots
tentatively entered, the competition will be
brisk. Bragg and Bruce-Brown, being Yale
graduates, naturally are loyal and made
. first entries.
Numeroun nominations were held back
pending the result of the 800-mile race at
Indlanapolla, Louis Dlsbrow will enter the
Pope "Hummer" at the Yale event, pro
vided he can get It shipped east and 'tuned
up In time. Tills car has not yet been seen
In slope contests, but Judging from the
fcay It broke so many world's records at
Jacksonville, the car no doubt can show
well on the hills. Dlsbrow, by the way, Is
eonsidered one of the best hlll-clijnb drivers
today. He has won numerous competitions
f thla character with cars of other makes.
Large cash prizes are offered for the
drlvera In addition to cupa for the amateur
pilots and entrants. In the free-for-all
events $100 will go to the winner and 100 to
second best. In the class C events J35 is
Offered for each. Motorcycle competitions
re also carded.
Shingle hill la nlne-tentha of a mil tn
length and Is no easy course. Bruce-Brown
holds Us record, 51 aeeonda flat, made with
lh lieniery" Benz. The contest Idea was
Inaugurated In 190S by George H. Townsend
II and members of the Yale Automobile
Hub. Bruoe-Brown won the first affair.
Irlvlng the late Cedrlno's Briarcllff car!
tie also won In J9U. while laat leuou the
feature of the meet was the battle between
Biagg and Robertson. The latter won by
a uuii marvin.
BEND AROUND THE CURVES
Locomotives so long that the boilers have
lo be jointed to enable them to take curves
properly are the latest thing In traction,
t"4 may be seen on the Sni v. ...
Looomotlva boilers have for some time been
Kiade In two sections, but the Introduction
f a flexible Joint Is a new Idea described
b the Engineering News l.N'ew York). The
knmenae length of boilers on locomotives
laving from six to ten driving axles Is
table to caus Interference with bridge
hutments. iLi walla of tunnels, or with
ar standing or paaein on an adjacent
"These difficulties suggested the use of
I nextble boiler, formed by the use of i
Isxlble connection at the aeoarabla 1oin
rwo engines embodying this principle have
leea built, each having a distinct type of
texlble Joint. Under thla arrangement th
a-ar section la attached rigidly to eruss
bacea or bearer on the rear main frames
h the usual manner. The forward section
fe rigidly attached in the same way to th
nain frames or the steam truck. This ar
rangement eliminates the use of sliding
lupports to rmit the truck to swing u
ler th boiler. It la expected to reduce
lurve resistance and flange wear, and also
EVEE SINCE THE ADVENT of the famous Flanders "20"
nearly two year ago, we hay been deluged with requests for a touring
body on thla sterling light chassis. These requests came from thous
ands of good folk, who felt they could not afford, or didn't care to
put $1,000 or more Into an automobile of course, at $1,000 there's
only one choice E-M-F "30."
TRUE, THERE WERE OTHERS several makes of cars sell
ing for less than $1,000 and equipped with "touring" bodies. But In
the eyes of discriminating buyers these possessed disadvantages that
left them out of consideration for exampe: Inadequate power and
chassis strength; two speed transmissions and mostly of the power
consuming, noisy "planetary" type. The planetary transmission may
be "fool proof" as claimed but it does not appeal to the mechani
cally well Informed.
FLANDERS "20" DIDN'T BELONG to that class of cars at
all. When Engineer HeaBlet undertook to design this model for the
E-M-F Company, he set himself a high standard that of creating a
chassis of medium slxe that should combine all those features which
heretofore had been considered obtainable only In cars Belling for
four times as much as Mr. Flanders proposed to ask for this car.
THAT HE SUCCEEDED IS HISTORY. True, Flanders " 20 "
In its first few months of existence had to pass through most of the
Infantile troubles that every new model, no matter by whom designed,
must pass through before it reaches that state of perfection that is
the designer's ambiUon. Flanders "20" had it teething troubles,
then ,the measles, mumps and a slight attack of the whooping couga
that last is automobile, language for carburetor crankiness.
PERHAPS THIS SURPRISES YOU-this brutal frankness
of ours. It is the despair of our competitors. They never can under
stand why it does not injure us irreparably to tell the public what
they consider factory secrets. Confidentially, we believe this Is the
secret of our success. Wle are dealing with intelligent people prac
tical business men for the most part. Infallibility is not to be hoped
for in human beings. So it has always been our policy to speak frank
ly to readers of our ads. It not only disarms unfair competition, but
has won for us a confidence on the part of buyers that we consider
our chief asset.
YES, FLANDERS "20" HAD ITS TROUBLES in the early
days. But and here's what you are mostly interested in every
Flanders "20" car sold carried with it a full year's guarantee by a
company worth several millions of dollars. Not only that, but the
buyer knew that tho men who signed that guarantee were not in the
habit of splitting hairs would make good not only the letter, but the
spirit of that guarantee. And we did to such an extent that there
sre today 7,000 boosters of this car satisfied owners.
WHILE WE ARE ON THE SUBJECT let's go back three
years. E-M-F "80" was then In It first year. It also had Its infantile
aches and pains. This company was new then, but the men at the
bead of It reallxed that permanent success depended absolutely on
backing up our product in the most liberal manner. We had expected
small weaknesses to develop during the first few weeks that the new
model waa on the roads in hands of owners. Why? Past experience
which teaches us that, no matter how severely a new model may be
tested by factory experts, defects will develop, when 600 cars are in
hands of owners operating under BOO different sets of conditions
defects that no one could possibly have foreseen or provided against
That's th reason for a manufacturer's guarantee and before you
buy any model ours or the other fellow's, let us warn you to look
well to the kind of guarantee that goes with it. and particularly to
the character of the men or the firm that sign it.
WHAT A MARVELOUS RECORD E-M-F "30" has made
since that nothing like it has been known In automobile history.
For three years it has been first choice of discriminating buyers and
every car has been sold, not by a salesman, but by another owner.
And so well did we take care of those first 600 cars, any man who
now owns one of that famous first litter to which "Old Bullet" be
! longed, staunchly claims he has as good a car as we have ever turned
FLANDERS "20" REPEATED HISTORY-that's all. And
today we are able- to say of this great little car it as good as It
older brother B-il-F "80" nd more could not be said of any auto
mobile. BUT ABOUT THAT TOURING MODEL. Until recently we
have turned a deaf ear to the entreaties of dealers and individual ad
mirers alike those who wauted a Finders "20" touring car. The
reasons have been set forth above. We had determined first to give
the car a full year In hands of owners with the lighter runabout and
suburban bodies watch the performance of every car carefully, and
make improvements or refinements wherever opportunity occurred.
SHE IS IN HER SECOND YEAR NOW infantile diseases
long since passed and every defect however slight whether in
mechanical construction or merely la exterior appearance has been
corrected and such Improvements nade as the progress of the science
of automobile making and steel treatment has made possible. Today
we are able to say and back it up with that same guarantee that
in all the world there is nowhere elee such value to be had in a car
of this type as in the Fore-Door Flanders "20." ,
THE RULE WE HAVE WORKED TO in perfecting this light
car model has been, "when In doubt make it like E-M-F "30" a
rule some of our esteemed competitors have emulated assiduously of
late, by. the way. You'll find, therefore, many points of similarity in
the two cars and that alone is guarantee of the excellence of the
new Flanders "20" model,
ONE FACTOR THAT HAS HELPED in this process of im
provement has been the drop in prices of materials which we pre
dicted in a recent E-M-F ad, and were so roundly scored for by com
petitors, who thought It was bad for the public to be advised of that
fact. For example aluminum is much cheaper today than two years
ago. Result, we are 'able to use that semi-precious metal In the mo
tor crank-case and transmission housing of Flanders "20" now,
whereas, it was absolutely out of question then. We reduced the
weight very considerably by using aluminum,
THE THREE-SPEED, SELECTIVE TRANSMISSION is an-
other feature that will appeal strongly to the experienced. For the
runabout models the two-speeds are all right, but It's a mistake and
a grievous one in any touring car. Not only does it Interfere with the
pleasurable operation of the car and every Flanders "20" owner
drives his own car but it subjects motor and transmission mechan
isms to undue strains when starting or climbing hills or negotiating
very bad stretches of roads.' It won't do
WHEEL BASE IS 102 INCHES-only 6 inches shorter than
the larger model. Ample room for five large adult passengers and
longer than any other car of similar class. Weight, only 1,600 pounds,
and as this "80" horse-power motor actually develops about 25 per
cent more power than Its rating you have power to carry you any
where at as rapid a pace as you will ever care to go. And she's a
wonderful hill climber.
LESSER IMPROVEMENTS ARE : Detaching exhaust mani
fold. Formerly, cast integral with the cylinders this feature deveU
oped defects similar to those from which other makes or higher
priced cars, which also adopted this foreign idea last year, are still
suffering. You don't know which ones? Ask your dealer.
CARBURETOR HAS BEEN PERFECTED so as to give still
wider range ot flexibility and with simpler adjustment similar to
E-M-F "80." Flanders "20" carburetor now gives uniform, results in,
mile-high Denver and' sea-level Florida,
WORM AND WORM-WHEEL STEERING has been adopted
in place of the former Internal-gear device. Absolutely irreversible.
Four times longer lived because four times as much wearing surface.
Also adjustable for wear. Equal in every way to that of E-M-F "SO."
SEVERAL OTHER MINOR POINTS have been refined-improved
is hardly the word, for there was nothing to be deslrel In effl
' ciency. Still, there was one point -alve action where not only re
finement was possible, but about 20 per cent increase in power waa
MAGNETO AND COIL are part of standard equipment of
course Splitdorf, and attached same as on the larger car. Accessible
Bo are several other parts that formerly were a trifje difficult to get
at. Radiator is raised slightly so the starting crank no longer goes
thrbugh the radiator. Looks better, that's all. Cooling properties ot
this car always were Ideal. .Rear axle has been made heavier to sup
port the heavier passenger load. Double strut rods. Brakes twice as
wide as before -will slide the wheels on any surface, yet won't chat
ter nor Jerk, no matter how severely applied. Lined with tbermoid.
THINK HOW MUCH WISER IT IS for a concern to adhere
to standard models and improve from year to year as we have done
with Flanders "20" and E-M-F "80," rather than to constantly chase
false gods and offer radically new models to the buying publlo as fast
as the seasons roll around.
IS IT ANY WONDER other concerns aro trailing in the rear
while the E-M-F Company continues to set the pace snd constantly
Increases the distance between? You know th A. I A. M. report
for the last quarter ot 1610, Just issued, showod the B-M-F Company
to be the largest producer ot automobiles in the world. Those fig
ures cannot be refuted. And the chief reftoa is we do not run away
from our troubles, but make good to every buyer and we get our
share of the unreasonable ones and continue to improve and refine
our product far in advance of the times snd the demands of buyers.
NOW ABOUT THAT FORE-DOOR MODEL, First, let us
say this body is not a makeshift one, designed to fit a runabout and
be Interchangeable. Not at all. It Is specially designed for this chas
sis, which,' a we have ahown above, has been designed to receive it
Ample seating capacity and Just as well trimmed and finished Just
as many coats of varnish and same quality leather and hair as that
used in E-M-F "20."
THE PRICE $80013 SENSATIONAL leaves no real com
petition for this car in the field. Meets exactly the needs of buyers
who Just can't quit reach E-M-F "80" and gives them a car mads
of exactly the same materials, by the same wonderful organltatlon
and backed by the same guarantee as E-M-F "30" just a slxe smaller
that's all '
E-M-F -Co., Omaha, 2026 Farnam st
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