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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 2, 1911)
The Omaha 'Daily Bee
the Bee aimi to print a paper I
that ppsals to the intelligence.
not to an appetite for icandal
For Nebraska Generally fair.
For Iowa Oenerelly fair.
VOL XI NO. 27
OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1911 TWELVK PAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
STATES LOSE IN
Supreme Court Decides Federal Gov
ernment May Say How It Prop
erty May Be Uied.
UNITED STATIC .AN FIX TERMS
May Withhold Land or Dispose of it
at Any Time.
FENCE LAWS h0 APPLICABLE
Wilful Trespasses Hot Authorized by
RULES IS CRIME
at SeeretsMT, Vnt la
WAfWTNO'i " y L-The legal battle
sralnst th e'i t rnarrM of the WMt
In particular and conservation by the fed
eral government of. natural resources In
general was lost today In , tha supreme
court of tha Inited States.
That tribunal not only upheld tha con
stitutionality of tha establishment of the
reserves for an national and publlo pur
pose, but it settled once for all that the
federal government and not tha atatee may
ay how (he reservea may be used.
The Immediate result of the ooncluslon
of tha court are that Fred Ufht a Colo
rado cattleman, will remain enjoined from
allowing bis cattle to (-rase oa tha Holy
Cross forest reserve In Colorado and that
Pierre Orlmaud, IC P. Carjous and Antonio
Inda. California sheepmen, must anawer to
the Indictment oharglng them with grating
heap upon tha Sierra forest reserve with
out a Permit.
Tha subject waa dealt with tn two
opinions delivered by Justice Lamar. The
.entire court ooncorred. Tha baalo prin
ciple upon which ha proceeded waa that
tha nation la an owner and has made
congress tha prinolpal agent to diapose of
"The United States, can prohibit abso
lutely and tlx tha terms on whloh Its
property may be used," said tha Juatioe la
tha Colorado base.
Private Orrner Has Freteetlen.
"A H aaa withhold or reaerra the land
It can do so Indefinitely., it Is true the
t'nlted States does not and cannot hold
property as a monarch may, for private
and personal purposes. But that does not
lead no the conclusion that' It la without
the rights Indldent to ownership, for
! tba constitution deojlares that 'congress
shall have power to dlapeae of and make
all needful rules and regulation respecting
tba territory or property belonging to the
United States.' '
" 'All tha publlo lands of the nation are
held In trust for tha people of tha whole
country.' and It la not for tha courts to
. aay bow that trust shall be administered;
. that is for oongress to determine. The
courts , cannot, cemjw.l It lo .at ald tha
lands for" settlement.' uor to suffer them
ta be used for agricultural or gras'.ng pur,
poses; not Interfere when In tha exercise
of lis discretion, eongrees establishes tha
forest reserves for what It decides to be
national and publlo purposes. In tha same
way aiid In the exercise of tha same trust.
, It may disestablish a reserve and devote
tha property to some other national and
publlo purpose. Those are rights incident
to proprietorship, to say nothing of the
power of tha United Btales as a sovereign
over tha property belonging to It,
Kveu a private owner should be entitled
to pronation against wilful trespasses and
statutes providing that damages dona by
animals cannot be reoovered unless the
land had been Inclosed with a fence of the
slxa and material required, do not give per
mission ta the owner of cattle to use his
neighbor's land as a pasture. They are
lnteuded to condone trespasses by straying
' oattls; they have no application to cases
where they are driven upon unfenced land
in order that they may feed thre.
"Fence lew do not authorize wanton
and wilful trespasses nor 'do they afford
Immunity to' those who in disregard of
property rlshla. turn looae their cattle
under circumatancea showing that they
, were Intended to .grate upon the land of
another. This the defendant did under
circumstances equivalent to driving his
cattle upon the forest reserve."
In tha California case Justice Lamar
upheld tba rules which tha secretary of
agriculture had promulgated for tha con-
(Continued on Second Paga
For Nebraska Generally fair.
lor Iowa Oenerally fair; wanner.
Temperature at Omaha Yesterday.
s sv xn. ...,., SS
m a. m 34
S a. ta u
10 a. m sb
ii a. m as
I rn .-...!
1 p. m
P. m 4i
4 p. m 4;
P. m 43
I P. m 44
v .upsratiie l.uc.il ltrrord.
1 'II. 1M . IMS. 19M
. 4 4ft 44 si
Highest today ,
. M 28 ft
. U S 3ri ' (it
. .07 .W) .Oil T
Teniriulure and precipitation departures
from the normal:
Normal temperature IT
rflrleney for the day 19
Total excess alms March 1 216
Not mil preclp.tmlon 13 neii
Iefi-lrni for the day Winch
Total n.lnf'il since March 1.... S.7 lm lies
rflcler.i since Man h 1 Winch
Iieflciency fur tor. perlnrl, ISIO. . 4 27 Inches
Ieflrlency for cor. period, t t . . a.M u'h-s
RrpurK from Siatiuns al T P.
Ktate ni Weather.
heveane. patilv cloudy
Temp. IIIf(i Raln-
T p.m. i d c tail
Lee Maine. loufiv
Iodse t'ln . clouoy
lender, partly cloudy ..
North Platte clear
Omaha, cloudy .-.
Kapid Cltv. cloudy
Bait Uttf City, cloudy ..
Penta Ke. cloudy
fttoux Ity. iiartly cloudy
iodtcalea tra- of preclnltation
U JL WtUSH, Local forecaster.
Offens" . Seal
.- . 1
Labor Takes Charge
of the Defense of the
Samuel Gompers Says He Has Evi
dence that Disproves the Charges
I7T)IA N A PfXT.TS, Ind.. May t Samuel
Ofimpers saiid this afternoon that hs had
completed his work here In rnnnaction
with the arrest of J. J. McNamara and
Would go to Chlcaaro this evening.
"We have received evidence," said Mr.
Oorrpers. "which clearly disproves the
chsrges against tha men. At the confer
ence this afternoon a permanent organisa
tion waa effected. This organization will
have oharge of tha defense against tha
charges at Los Angelea and also will pros
ecute the charges of kidnaping which have
arinen here In connection with the taking
of McNamara out of this stata" ,
LOS ANOELE8. May L In tba caaeee of
John J. McNamara, secretary of the In
ternational Association of Bridge and
Structural Iron Workers, and bis brother,
James B. McNamara, charged with dyna
miting outrages, the week opened quietly.
No further plana of either side were defi
district Attomsy Fredericks Is not ex
pected to aak for tha arraignment before
the arrival about the middle of the present
week of his assistant. Joseph Ford, from
The defense hss opened extensive head
quarters. Andrew J. (iaMlgher and B. B.
Rosenthal, labor leaders of Pan Ftanclsco,
have come here to confer with union men of
Los Angeles regarding charges against ths
Both the McNamaras have asked that
their mrala be sent from some outslds
restaurant, but tha requeat was denied.
They are permitted to buy food outside,
however, and have It prepared In the jail.
The brothers continue In good spirits.
Ortls to. McManlgal maintains Ms air of
Joviality. It is said that his wife will be
brought hers as a witness for the prosecution.
Quiet May Day in
Small Riot in Streets of Paris is Only
Demonstration Mass Meet
ing; in Berlin.
PARIS. Mar 1 Detachments e ,.
patrolled the equares and open places of
me our Toaay in anticipation of worklns
men's May day demonstrations. Lens than
half of the worklngmen of the cltv oh
aerved the holiday.
Towards evening a crowd estlmsted at
250.000 gathered in the Place de la Con
oorda and tha adjacent streets. The greater
number were sightseers, but In the throng
were many thousands Inclined, apparently,
to make a demonstration. The latter
pressed Into the square, resisting the po
lios and breaklnar throurh h tin. nrv,
thej disturbers became more aggressive the
cavalry charged into the crowd repeatedly.
An officer was stabbed In the leg. One
policeman was struck over the head and
rendered senseless. ; Amongr the onlooker
were many American 'tourist. " -
BUR LIN. -May 1 Tha workmen of Ber
lin held seventr-ffva,Mv d . .
which resolutions favoring disarmament In
the-Interest of w;rtd peace ware adopted.
Perfect order was maintained.
MADRID, Mv t-A huge May day pa
rade of workmen, renuhllcana it um.1.
lsta and many school children was made
here today. The par ad era , sang revolu
tionary airs. , ,
Military precautions to preserve public
order have been taken, but tin tn ihi.
afternoon no trouble had occurred.
-TORONTO, Ont.. May l.-Structural
iron workers here whose demand for wages
or 4 cents Instead of 3B cants an hour
was refused, struck todav. About i im
men are affected.
HAVANA, May 1. Mora than I om
men struck this morning, tying up ths
wnoiesaie Business of the city. Their
grlevence Is the allesed vexatin.ua
regulations adopted by th city authorities
ana narsniy enforced by the police.
Hopewell Sinks; '
Fear End is Near
Family Gather at Sedside of Lieu
tenant Governor, After
TEKAMAH. Neb.. May l.-Speclal Tele
gram.) At o'clock Lieutenant Governor
Hopewell was still alive, although very
low. His physicians have not yet been
able to control the hlcootigha which set In
Sunday afternoon. Members of tha family
were all in the sick room and tha and was
expected at any moment.
At T o'clock this morning rr, Lakene,
who Is in constant ' attendance on Mr.
Hopewell, declared that there waa yet a
"If we can keep him alive a few hours
longer he will reoover without a doubt."
raid tha physician.
Suit Filed Against
Discharged Collector of Customs
Wants Dama't .i in Sum of Hundred
CHICAGO, May l.-Krankl'n MacVeaeh.
secretary of the treasury, waa made d
fenrtant in a suit for 1!( driiiinges fid
today by ChHr!e K. I.ech former col
lector of customs et Cleveland.
Mr Leach charges Unit f xlowl ig h k
dlsinisl from office by l"reaident Tafi
r'ecieiary .VaoVeagii. n a etatem-nt
charg-d that Leach hud turned over lo
lmoifra thousands of dollar' worth of
woolens before (ha customs twi. paid and
had been gu Ity of other breaches
STETSON HUTCHINS INSANE
Keaader of Man l.arae ewapapev
Is Ad Indeed Mentally - -Incompetent.
WASHINGTON. May 1.-A petition to
have adjudged insane Stllson Hutchlns.
founder of ths St. Louis Times. Waahlng
ton Post. Washington Times and once
prominently connected with the Iowa State
Journal, Dubuque Herald and St. Louts
Dispatch, was granted hers today, the
writ being returnable May 1 Mr. Hutchlns
is a multimillionaire and was an organiser
and chief promoter of ths Msrganthalet
linotype. . -
SIX MILLION LOSS
LN MNGOIl FIRE
One-Third of New England City is
Destroyed, Causing Lost of
BUSINESS SECTION IS WIPED OUT
Nearly All Public Buildings and Many
Fine Residences Burn.
THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE HOMELESS
Destruction of Retail Section Adds to
Problem of Feeding Victims.
FIRE BURNS ALL DAY SUNDAY
Rata Aids la Qaearhln It, "bet Adds
Greatly e the Bafferlas; of the
Victims Oaly Two Lives
BANGOR. Me.. Msy 1. Homeless, wet.
hungry and exhausted by the long fight
agana the fUmei which last night de
stroyed practically a third of the city of
Bangor, thousands of persons today faced
the problem of providing themselves with
food, shelter and clothing, while city and
state authorities began the consideration
of plans for the rebuilding of the city.
When dawn broke over the stricken city
today hundreds of groups of men, women
and children could be seen huddled around
smoldering bonfires or stretched along the
edge of tha smoking ruins endeavoring to
warm and dry themselves.
Although the rain brought discomfort to
the homeless. It was tha means of brn
ing under control the great conflagratlf n
which raged for more than seven hours
last night. At a time when tha battle
against the flames seemed hopeless, a pro
vidential shift of wind and a downpour of
rain drove the fire back over the burned
district and drowned out the flames which
had Jtot started In unbtimed property.
At 7:411 a. m. today .the fire was virtually
ext'ngulshed. One-third of the city hsd
bren destroyed. Including some of the
finest homes In the residential part ef
Bangor, nearly all of the public buildings
with the exception of the city hall, and
the greater part of the retail section. -
Loss la Sis Millions.
Estimates of the probable loss varied, but
It was generally thought at least 16 000. Ono
j worth of property had been destroyed. The
lose ol lire, so rar tnis morning, wns con
fined to two persons, snd only a doxen In
jun d bad been admitted to the hnnpl'al.
The rain' and change of wind having
fiolved the problem of controlling the fire,
the attention of .-the authorlt'es wai
directed today towards houelng the home
less and fedlng tha hungry. Every house
holder In Bangor whose home escaped de
struction opened his doors last night to
less fortunate, but In spite of this thoit-
I sxtids were forced to spend the night In
j th- street, surrounded by tha few artlc'ei
j of clothing and household utensils they had
been able to save from the flames. Many
of these suffered greatly from cold and
exposure.' , . -
Mors , serious, however, than , the prob
lems of sheltering, ths homeless was. thai
matter of feeding them, en account of the
destruction of food ' supplies . m the retail
district. Every morning train brought food
to tha city, but It was some little time
before tha authorities could arrange for Its
distribution. -. ' . ),
To aid the police in the protection of
the. little heaps of furniture and clothing
saved from the fire by Individual house
holders, one company of militia waa or
dered out for patrol and guard duty.
Fire Baras AH Night fleaday.
The fire started near the corner of Broad
and Union streets, in the vicinity of the
city hall, at S o'clook yeaterday afternoon.
Fanned by a high wind, the flames swept
ncrth along Exchange street.
Nearly all public buildings snd banks ex
cept the city ball, which waa saved after a
hard fight, were deetroyed.
The burned area Includes about forty city
blocks. Among the principal buildings de
Bangor High school, Bangor ' publlo
library, in which was located the .banking
rooms of the Bangor Savings bank; Cen
tral fire station. United States custom
house and postofflce, Universalis!, 1 Cen
tral Congregational, First Congregational,
Gt. John's Episcopal, First Baptist and
Adventlst churchea; Norembega hall, In
cluding the Oayety theater. Exchange
building, in, which was located .the law
school of ths University of Maine; Windsor
hotel, Morse-Oliver building, Haynes and
Chalmers building. Bmlth block. Strickland
b'.ock, Stearns building, Graham building
and Kenduskeag building.
TAFT TO VISIT KANSAS CITY
Preaideat Will Address th Press
Clah oa September Tweaty
Flfth. WASHINGTON, May I.-Presldant Tmft
today promised Representative Bortland
of Missouri to address the Kansas City
Press club Reptember K.
Woman of Ninety-Two
Does Beautiful Needlewor!
To be 02 yesrs old and yet find
one's , chief . amurement in fine
neeillenork that ' requires keen eye
eitfht is an unusual' privilege. Mrs.
Harriet Cocke, 3108 Msicy street,
enjoj a her health as much aa most
nomen thirty or, forty years
younger. ' She was born In Bridge
town. N. J , May 1, 1MB. of which
event today Is. the nlnety-socond an
niversary. The husband she mar
lied in her girlhood home died when
tho .as still a young woman, and
at the age of 2f she married a sec
ond time and went with her hus
band to Charlotte avllle. Va. During
the troublous times of the war she
was in the dlirlct where war was
brought close to people's homes and
deblroyrd their firesides.
In 1R0 she came to Omaha and has
lived here since. Four of her chil
dren are living. Charles Cocke of
Omaha with whom she makes her
home; Mrs. C A. Jenklne. Shelby,
N. C: Will Cocke, Bridgeport, Neb.,
and Miss C. A. Roy. a daughter of
her first husband, who resides at
Kfarnev. for the last ten years
she has been gifted with her second
algal' to auch an extent that the delights in needeaork that
normal middle-aged person' eyesight. Five years ego she
yania of altar cloth lor tha Eplacoial
Space to Walk Through the Garden Seems Wasted But
Now li furt stp where I've
r j " Now I've Qot to plont thot oil over! A
Chlcasro Kvenlng Post.
BRYAN LAYS CORNERSTONE
Protest of Union Labor at Des Moines
Comes Too Late.
SAYS HE IS UNABLE TO ACCEDE
Ballrflag Trades tesmcll Sends Him
Warslag Strmctare la oa the
Uafalr List PeJleurra
fa Mealo. .,
(From a Staff Correspondent.) r
DK8 MOINES, la.. Mar I. (Special Tel
egram. Despite the threats of , union labor
tn go back on hire, W. J. Bryan laid tha
cornerstone of a new Terms; Men's Cbrls
ae nt tire, 1 sses hrytf-.TtO. 1 Iowa
1ng and participated In tBe exorcises..,. .
When Mr. Bryan Reached, the city hs
was confronted wtrh a coeaflaanlcatlon
from the officers of the BulUMng Trades
council warning him 'against U king part
In the cornerstone laying because the
building Is on the unfair list. . Mr. Bryan
ealdhe did not know anything about the
conditions under whloh the building was
being erected and It was too lata for him
to take back his acceptance of the Invi
tation. Officials of the Building Trades
council were Indignant that their, protest
has not been heeded and say they will do
what they can to Injure Mr. Bryan. .
At a meeting of the Iowa Jefferson club
preceding the annual banquet this even
ing, at which Mr. Bryan and others spoke,
John C. Demar wss elected president and
H. II. Crenshaw president. Demar was
former member of the legislature from
Davis county and is now living here.
More Cases of Smallpox.
The State Board of Health has received
a report Indicating that a child at Menlo,
Guthrie county, Is probably suffering from
pellagra, and one of the board members
has been sent there to Investigate. No
case of the disease has appeared In Iowa
in recent years. Today it was discovered
that of the seventeen cases of smallpox
In the city detention hospital hero nine
are students of the Ptlll College of
Osteopathy and ltls feared that ths in
stitution will spread the disease. '
KITTRIDGE SLIGHTLY BETTER
Conditio of Former Seth Dakota
Senator, However, Is Still
HOT.. iPrUNOfl. Ark., May 1. While
former United States Senator Klttridge of
South Dakota was slightly improved to
day, his condition is still considered sert
mould injure a
church at Kearney, and the work waa
the Chicago Kvenlng Post. i
Argument on Writs '
of Habeas Corpus
Attorney of Tilden, Camming and
Benedict Saya Illinois Senate Hat
. No Right to Demand Books.
CHICAGO, ay 1. A motion by Attorney
John J. Healy of the Helm inveatlgation
committee, of the Illinois senate to quash
the writs of habeas corpus obtained last
week by Edward Tilden, W. C. trimmings
and George Benedict, was denied by Judge
Petit today when It waa found the returns
on the warrants for contempt of the state
senate were regular.
It had bees charged that tha writs had
been Issued, before the-men actually were
arrested, hub this was dinprotren' and .sne
writs- wear allowed to stand.
Attorney Nathaniel ?. fceargi then began
arguments attacking the right of tha state
senate to demand the bank . books In the
possession of three defendants.
Search for Half Million
In Stolen Jewelry
Customs Officials and New York Po
lice Officers Are Trying to Lo-'
cate a Big "Fence."
NEW TORK. May 1 Customs officers,
private detectives and the police depart
ment here were busy today working on
informstlon from Scotland Turd that
Jewelry worth &no.irv and upward, stolen
In great part from Americans In Rngland
and on the continent, is being marketed
here piecemeal by . an International band
Some of the bsnd sre said to be women
and the Understanding was that New York
is supposed to. be the clearing house for
their operations. The arrest of the man
believed t be the head "fence" Is Immi
nently expected. ...
DENVE RMERGER ACT VALID
Colorado Hapreme Conrt . I'pholds
Law CoBsnlleatlagr Cessty
DENVER, May l.-ConsolldaUon of the
city and county of Denver governments is
upheld in an opinion handed do an today
by ths supreme court. The county treas
urer and the five county commissioners
will be .dropped and their duties be per
formed by the city officials. Several thou
sand dollars annually will be saved to the
SMELTER SUIT IS DISMISSED
Owsjors of Montana Plants Will
Eqaio Them to Prevent Emission
of Notions Gases.
WASHINGTON. May I. The government
suit against the Anaconda Copper M'nlng
company has been compromised. The com
pary agrees that its smelters at Butte.
Anaconda and !rrat Fsils will be equipped
to prevent the emission of gaaes which the
governm-nt claims have dons greet damags
lo the national forests.
BUSH BEGINS LARGE TASK
Ker Head of Missouri Pacific Starts
lo Make System Standard fnr
ST. IXll'IS. May 1. Benjamin F. Bush,
new president of the Missouri Fsclflo, ar
rived here tnis morning and went to work
st the rosd's headquarters.
"I Intend to make the Mixeourl Pacific a
model and standard fur other roads," Mr.
KING ALFONSO REPORTED SICK
Paris Paper Says Spanish Monarch
; Is Grnvely III with Tnber.
PARIS, Mv 1.-1, ln'rais, grant ssrerts
that King Alfonsi la gravely ill mith tuber
culosis and that at a recent consultation
of his ph slcians it waa doclded (hat urgent
niC'Saurcs of treatment sere necessary and
also list the Ppanlsh monarch al ouli pass
the coifing winter at Lezlns. Switzerland.
COLD MAY NQTCADSE DAMAGE
If Weather is Not Too Clear it Will
Not Hurt Much.
WHEAT BENEFITED BY MOISTURE
May Day of Mnetee nllnndred Eleven
Not the Worst that Hns Btrack
Nebraska in the Last
. The damage that comes from the present
cold snap that ""is making the first of May
look like the last ' of March, will depend
very much upon the oloudy condition of
the weather during the night. Where it Is
clear ft will, probably, be cold enough- to do
considerable hurt to the fru(t; but In most
places thsre seems to be little chance of
The -weather bureau In Omaha predicts
freezing weather sometlms before Tuesday,
morning. During the day Forecaster Welch
notified through the Iowa agricultural col
lege as many of the Iowa orchardlsts aa
could be reached, to get their firs posts
ready as It was snowing in Nebraska and
might be expected in the east.
Snowfall Is reported from many Ne
braska towns, but nowhere was the pre
cipitation very heavy. Hastings reported
a half-Inch of snow and a temperature of
2d. Fruit and garden crops are Injured, but
the wheat Is generally helped by the mois
ture. Other Nebraska towns report the
Reports from the weather bureau Indi
cate that farther west than Wyoming
there wss no great drop In temperature,
but between Omaha and Cheyenne it was
general. Denver had a temperature of 00
at 7 o'clock Monday night, six degrees
higher than Omaha. The general Ne
braska weather seems to have extended
across Iowa as Davenport had 42 degrees
at 7 o'clock.
The Impression that cold May days are
unusual and cruel for Nebraska Is shown
to be a mistake by the records of the last
Although tha last two years have been
unusually cold they have not been alto
gether disastrous, and this year was the
mildest of the three. The lowest tempera
ture for Omaha this year during the day
was 33. In 1910 It was 2(1, and in 1909 It
was X. The mean temperature for 1911
was St. In 1910 W, and in 190B . There wss
a precipitation of 0.07 this year, however,
which Is. tha first preemptible moisture on
May day for the last three years.
Cold Waves Bs tends as Far Soath aa
1 ' NorthernAlabama. '
KANSAS CITT. Mo., May 1. Missouri,
Kansas, Nebraska and parts of northern
Oklahoma, are shivering today following
(Continued on Beoond Page.)
" r i c y l it l
Bee Publishing Co.,
During a little more than rour jiut ift we hare been
using from four to eight Inches of suae In the Omaha Bee,
and have been agreeably surprised at the results obtained, as
we have definite records of mauy accounts opened because of
This was particularly so about a year ago when we ran
a series of advertisements, emphasizing the ehantte tn interest
rates from 3 to 8 Vs on Time Certificates of Deposit. At
that time we hsd money depositors who stated that they had
noticed our advertisements In The Bee.
It is needless to ssy that we plan to pontlpue ouf sdver
tislng In The Bee Indefinitely
Yours very truly,
MDBDEB AND LOOT
Brigands Came Jtuigm of Terror in
Western Zwang Tunf, Killing
ANARCHISTS FOLLOW STANDARDS
Outbreak Leds Itself Advantageouslj
to Their Purpose.
SINISTER REPORTS ARE CONITREI
HervoltcJi Withdraw Largely from
Canton, Proceeding Westward,
SEVERAL MORE TOWNS FILLAGEE
Rebels Are Led by Ww Sam, i
neae, Was Waa !C4eKisvte4
Japan, anal a llrlrand
HONGKONG. Chins, May l.-RebeI!lon,
brigandage and anarchy are stalking
through the western halt of Kwang Tung
province, murdering, pillaging and burn
ing. The loyal troops are trying desper
ately to crush the uprising, the serious
ness of which Is revealed In further dis
patches from Canton today.
Wu Bum. a Chinese, who waa educated
In Japan and has adopted ths dress of
western countries, Is the leader of the
revolt against ths llanchu dynasty. The
brigand chief. Luk of Shun Tax. la at the
head of a horde of outlaws, whose object
Is robbery and murder.
' Following the standards of these two
men are anarchist groups, to whose pur
pose the present outbreak lends itself mol
These combined forces have thrown
themselves wtth fanatical disregard of
their own llvei agaiml the troops, and
since the first outbreak much blood has
been shed. Se tit Ion l rife among certain
of the troo;e and it is feared that the
disaffected sodiers will desert their of
ficers If the revottera appear to have the
Official advices and the refugees arriving
from Canton today confirm the sinister
reports of yesterday. Bodies of the slain
lie in the streets of the city. Famine
prices are asked for foodstuffs and the
shops generally are closed. In the panic
there have been few attempts to bury the
dead and the stench from the decomposed
bodies fills tha sir.
' Fight from Street to Street.
Today the revolters have withdrawn to
a great extent from Canton and are devna
teting the country to the west along ths
West river.' Before falling back they
fought the troops from street to street,
many persons being killed. They attacked
the provisional arsenal and being repulsed
gathered in an Immense rice store, which
they barricaded with bags of rice. From
the building they threw bombs into the
attacking troops and were' only dislodged
when tha building waa set on fire. . Many
of the revolters escaped, but thirty or
more died in the Tames, while others killed .
themselves to avoid capture. - . ...,-
, While the . fighting , was - progressing In - -tha
streatgX'hlness gunboats patrolling ftar-w
West river fired into -several parties cf
rebels, slaughtering 809 of them.
' Several Cities Sacked,'
Retreating to the countryside, the revo
lutionaries attacked and captured. Km
Shul, fifty miles west of Canton, and mur
dered the prefect. Tha troops were put to
flight and the rebels moved on to Wen
Chow and Woo-Show, both of which towns
they took after slight resistance.
Luk's brigands, following In their wake,
looted the shops of ths three towns. The
triumphant sweep of ths revolutionaries
continued westward along the West river
and reports from that district say the
movement Is spreading and that the revo
lutionaries are murdering and pillaging la
While the movement to the wsst Is being
directed by Wu-fium, tha brigand chief,
Luk, has led personally a force to the
north of Canton. Hs seised th market at
Chung-Lok, twenty miles north of Cantos.
Then he made a wide detour to the went
of Canton, and fell on Fat Shan, a tows
fifteen miles to the southwest of tha cap
ital of the . province. Here he first do-,
stroyed the palace of the assistant magis
trate and then turned tha town over to
his followers to be looted.
Advices state that Bhilt-Hung on Lbs
West River, has fallen before the revolu
tionaries, who murdered tha prefect.
Fierce Battle at Fat Shan.
Tha battle at Fat Phan waa a hard fought
one, the Imperial troops, giving battle at
Tung-8hl bridge. Thirty-Seven soldiers ware
killed before the troop fell back.
The revolutionaries are cutting the tele
graph wires. Traffic on ths Chinese sec
tion of the railway leading north from
Canton has been suspended.
A report that Hhamlan, the foreign con
cession above Canton, baa been Invaded
lacks confirmation. Tha American gunboat
Wilmington has tha place under Its guns.
The viceroy of Canton, who took refuge
on a gunboat after his pataee was burned
Wednesday night, has ordered troops to
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