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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 18, 1911)
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Tun omaha Daily Bke
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(beeJ.) KUBtKl' HUNT UK,
Subscribers lt-uvlusi the clly tern
porarlly skua Id have 'lb Bee
ualled la then. Address trill be
Insurgents there are even
.Astieesura of tea have a keener sense
of property than propriety.
"Terrible Landslide on Mount Vesu
vius." Democratic or republican?
Shirking responsibilities never made
a great world power out of any Nation.
Manhattan, Nev., Is to have a frog
farm. It cannot touch Iteno's lobster
According to all reports, those
Seetng-Oniaha excursions are eye
openers. The geese are flying high yet."
News item. No thrust at the aviators,
Mexico Is under martial -law, which
Is doubtless not noticeable to the old
President Diaz seems to grow, more
. healthy, as tho smell of powder be
Evidently the commission form of
city government is a good thing, but
not for the Water board.
It must be hard on Attorney Gen-eral-Kor-a-Littlu-Vhile
to find himself out of print.
Perhaps that $10. 000,000 Mr. Car
negie gave was a sort of peace bond
under which he placed the nations.
Those who propose to wipe out all
party linos should be careful not -to
run . us lncv a. barbed wire feuce by
The. colonel Is beginning to. feel the
exhilarating effect of that fine old
western oxone. He Is calling them by
All Americans in Mexican prisons,
our friends assure us, are perfectly
safe." Surely no one had thought to
Miss Helen Gould is suggested as
president of Wellesley college. Is
Wellesley seeking to make a big en
It Is too bud that Germany does not
look with favor on Uncle Sam's Mex
ican policy, but then even Uncle Sam
. cannot please everybody.
Perhaps the president simply pro
posed to follow the plan of the base
ball magnates and send hlB army
south for a spring training.
If the harem skirt ever really be
came a menace the surest way to abol
ish It would be to enact a law com
pelling everv woman to wear one.
When the legislature nets through
with that commlsiluu form measure
It will be so Improved that John Paul
Breen will not recoenlie hlu offspring.
It Is recalled that ex-i'ongreasman
Tswney was born on the Gettysburg
battlefield, whkh might enplaiu his
belligerent attitude In the late con
gress. Tte exemption of the costly Water
. - . v !i ...
noara itoiu me i'i u Junius ui i ue com-
mission form of yvC1uuieut bill 1. not
especially calculated to make il more
The feminine devotee of the cigar- ror tDe bherman anti-trust law. The
ette might cite as an additional argu- j measure enacted Into law was lntro
tuent the case of Auut Nancy Shepard, i duced not by Senator Sherman, but
the Virginia negrfss, who died re-j by Senator Hoar of Massachusetts,
rntlv at the axe of 113 and had been Senator Sherman had for years ben
au tnveurate smoker all her life.
St. Louis is prouounceJ by Census years of consecutive service In the sen
Director Uurand the most normul j ate. he introduced senate bill No. 1
city., that Is, the oue with the largest, in the riftv-Hrst congress on Decem-American-bori!
population, as the ber t. 1 S S . n was entitle "A bill
Kerry Patches, old Fr " h Market and j to declare unlawful trusts and com
the preponderating t'.erman popuU- binations in restraint of trade and
tioa mibt readily indicate. I productious " Rut his bill met defeat
Extra Session Prospect..
Congressman Rucker of Missouri is
quoted as saying that tariff revision
lll be the first order of business by
the democrats In the bouse at the
coming extra session; that It will pre
cede action on Canadian reciprocity,
for which the extra session was spe
cially called. "There will be little
trouble In getting a revised tariff bill
through the house," said Mr. Rucker,
"but no telling what will happen In
the senate. But the urging by demo
cratic members will bring some re
As Mi. Rucker Is serving his
seventh term In the house and Is one
of the leading members, his words are
to be taken seriously. Undoubtedly
the democrats will attempt a consid
erable revision of the tariff and In do
ing so are sure to play a good deal
at politics, although they stand to lose
In such a game. They may make of
the extra session extra trouble, for,
while there is still ned for some tariff
revision, nothing Is to be gained by
the democratic house majority form
ing a bill which It has reason to be
lieve will not be approved by the sen
ate or president. If It is results they
are after, the house democrats will be
reasonable In whatever revision they
make at this session, where action on
reciprocity should, as a matter of fact,
The consensus of public opinion Is
that the session should be brief, but
already there are Indications that It
wilt not be. Aside from the probable
squabble over the tariff, the democrats
are talking of Investigating charges
of republican extravagance. Those
who are back of this move forget that
It Is the future and constructive legis
lation In which the country Is Inter
ested. It might even be granted that
the republicans had made some mis
takes and yet no democratic inquest
would meet the present demands of
It is up to the democrats In con
gress to assert themselves in positive
action they can not rely on their old
policy of negation.
Mr. Bryan and the Newnpapen.
Mr. Bryan has broken out In an
other tirade against the newspapers,
denouncing them as a whole as dis
honest and commerclallstic. He pro
fesses to regret that editors no longer
write what they believe or believe
what they write, and ascribes the set-
bact t0 the fact tnllt the ,.hlfed
mon .. .w. . ni- ...
ot their profession.
It was only about fifteen years ago
that Mr. Bryan, himself, was one of
these hired men, compelled thus to
make a living because he found his
profession of law inadequate. He re
mained on the tripod only until his
"crown of thorns and cross of gold"
speech got him the presidential nomi
nation, since which time he has been
able to profit so well out of the pub
licity of this and two subsequent nom
inations that he does not have to de
pend on a newspaper salary, and is no
longer In the "hired man" class.
In his latent outburst Mr. Bryan
says It was not what the newspapers
had done "for" him, but "to" him,
that gave him his Impressions. Still,
If any man In the country ought to
feel grateful to the newspapers it Is
Mr. Bryan, for, more than any other
public man, they have made him.
True, he has been an excellent source
of news, hut when the newspapers
took him up be was a struggling wage
earner and now he Is wealthy and
owns a publication that might, by a
strained construction, be classed as a
Onej thing Mr. Bryan has never
learned Is to believe that an Individual
or a newspaper that disagrees with
him can do so and yet be either hon
est or right. Of course, If the major
ity of newspapers had agreed with him
and endorsed all his political vagaries
they would .be applauded by him as
honest and able tribunes of the people.
Anti-Truit Law Pioneers.
borne or the strongest, If not the
most conspicuous and pivotal, of what
might be called our . anti-trust laws
came to us from statesmen who never
wopld be placed In the spectacular or
anti-corporation class. For Instance,
the Sherman anti-trust law, the basis.
of so much of our anti-corporation
legislation, the Elklns anti-rebate law,
the Hepburn anti-pass law and the
corporation tax provision of the
Payne-Aldrlch tariff. None of the
men whose uames are borne by theso
great acts would ordinarily be classed
among the anti-corporation lawmak
ers, though history will have to record
them as among the real and most
practical of reformers. Senator
Elklns, whose act outlaws rebating by
railroads, was himself a railroad
owner and president. Senator Ald
rlch, of course, has been held up In
contumely as the arch-trust statesman
of his day. But it is only fair to re-
ot nlt a- Mul 11 18 on-lv fair to re-
iiiipmuer nit inn rnrii.ir.iiAn . v
me corporation tax
' .,.w.wu n
tUue wtd in the Payne-Aid-
! rK n tarlff bnl at th instance of the
fo an explanation should be niadtU
working out the principle Involved In
!thu measure and, after thirty-four
because the great Ohio statesman was
In advance of his time.
But Senator Sherman had aroused
congress and the country and, after a
powerful plea for the passage of his
bill, he took up and led to a success
ful issue a substitute measure pre
pared by Senator Hoar, which became
a law In the summer of 1890. Inas
much as Senator Sherman was the
originator of the legislation and Its
leading advocate, Senator Hoar, him
self, proposed that bis bill be known
as the Sherman law and so we come
by the Sherman anti-trust act. The
Hoar bill was much more elaborate
and comprehensive than the original
Sherman bill, but based upon the lat
Demands of Ininrrectoi.
If the rebel forces stand out for a
concession to thei. original demand,
that President Dlas declare his seat
vacant and submit to a re-election, an
early termination of hostilities may
not be looked for, but some of their
demands do not appear unreasonable,
and at least one, that affecting land
distribution, seems already to have
been favorably considered by the chief
These are the terms laid down by
the insurrecto leaders:
Abolition of the re-election of president.
Election of the governors In a state In
stead of by a federal appointment.
Curtailment of the powers of the Jefe
politico, or mayors of cities, ami provision
for their selection by popular vote In
stead of by appointment by the governor
of a state.
Reforms of the land laws io that plan-
atlons row as extensive as from 1,000.000
to 10.000,000 acre may be divided and dis
tributed, or sold In small lots to the people.
Free ballots tn all elections and preserva
tion of individual rights under the consti
tution. Extension of the school system.
President Dlas is quoted as ssylng
that he will take steps to destroy the
last vestige of the old feudal system
by providing a way to parcel out the
vast estates. That being one of the
vital issues, It would seem that wise
statesmanship might reach an agree
ment on the other terms until the mat
ter of the presidency is reached. The
Insurrectos contend that Dlas could
never win on a free ballot. That is a
moot question, but whether he could
or not, Porflrio Diaz is scarcely to be
expected to make that concession, al
though possibly a compromise on that
point might be made if the other es
sential parts of the treaty were met.
But if these were the only condi
tions of peace the insurrectos would
not appear in such bad light. Their
demands all look in the direction of
representative government. Who that
believes in that could object to the
election of executive officers Instead of
appointment? to abolition of the feu
dal system? to free elections? to pop
ular edn-eation? Those are vital prin
ciples, and whether they triumph in
this revolution or not, they will even
tually,' They Ignore, however, the
nnpreparedness of the great body of
Mexicans for the exercise of self-gov
ernment and the need of developing
qualities of citizenship as. a founda
tion for stable government.
A Chance to So Something.
Our do-nothing Water board has
been trying hard for some time to
make the public believe it is desperate
to do something. The letter of Presi
dent Woodbury of the water company
renewing the offer of the company,
originally made five years ago, to build
the much needed main from the Flor
ence pumping station, gives the Water
board a chance to get busy. Hereto
fore this proposition from the water
company has received no consideration
whatever from the Water board, but If
the Water board is now really in
earnest in Its expressed desire to re
lieve the situation and to provide ad
ditional water supply and Improved
fire protection it will start to do it,
"not next month, or next year, but
Despite previous denials, the Water
board now admits that the second
main from Florence is absolutely im
perative, and its construction Is in
cluded in the estimate for which it is
figuring on an issue of $8,250,000 of
bonds. If the Water board gets down
to business right away this main could
probably be laid and put into service
within ninety days, whereas if the
board waits until the bonds are voted
and Issued and the city actually gets
possession of the plant before even ad
vertising for bids, the quickest we
could expect would put completion off
At last the water board can do
something, and do it now but will It?
Patching it Up.
The commission rorm of govern
ment bill, fathered by the Ad club, is
apparently being patched up to plug
the holes as far as possible, which The
Bee has pointed out, and It may even
tually be whipped into workable
"" " .,..u.v
lnsf4aavaiAa A S rt f SH n a a a n tn I m
, ...... , .
j ?lon P,an ,8 a dlBt nct cward.
There is absolutely no more reason
why the Water board should be thus
excluded and privileged than the Po
lice board, the Park board or the Li
brary board. The potent argument
for the commission plan is that it does
away with all such boards and cen
tralltes power and responsibility In
!one rou'' of commissioners, who can
be held accountable because subject to
recall. If the Water board Is to be
retained we suggest still a further
amendment to section SI of the bill
so that the recall may be applied to
members of the Water board as well
as to Mtundlinen. If ttj'e recall is a
good thing for the counrllmen, It cer-
talnly must be equally good for Water
The University of Nebraska Is los
ing the dean of the engineering school
to the University of Illinois. Our re
fusal to let members of the teaching
staff be eligible to the Carnegie pen
sion fund the same as professors in
other institutions is bound to be more
or less costly, even though only by in
The initiative and referendum bill
still contains the "criminal Joker" as
a "misdemeanor" instead of a "fel
ony." A little) thing like that, how
ever, will not fease either "Chris"
Oruenther or the World-Herald.
If the conferences over the gas
claims were only held in the evening
Instead of in the day time, enough gas
could be burned to make the gas com
pany whole on any kind of a settle
ment. "The town has the aspect of a city
preparing for war," observes a type
writer scout, speaking of El Paso.
Evidently some humorist has found
his way to the front.
The prisoners of war down In Mex
ico will be fed regularly, providing
anything is left over from the soldiers'
meals, the reports say. It's a gay life,
this war business.
Omaha Is getting to be quite a
Mecca for Nebraska postmasters. First
they come here to hold political meet
ings, and then they come again to ex
The Retort Coirteoaa.
Kansas City Times.
According to Mr. Roosevelt all that the
United States demands In Mexico Is justice
and good order. Isn't there danger of
Mexico replying that a little more justice
and good order in the United States
wouldn't hurt? .
Will Ther Smash Tradition r
St. Paul Dispatch.
The democrats have two weeks more,
after this one. In which to frame up a
program that will have tn it something
that looks to national rather than party
benefit. If they do, however, they will
rudely shatter a democratic tradition.
Grab Ronte to Reforaa.
If men are what they eat, as some
theorists claim, perhaps the pure food laws
are really responsible for the present out
break against political bribery and cor
ruption, and the warfare against cold
storage eggs may be the cause of the de
mand for more official purity.
Cattlaar the Bspreaa Meloa.
Radical action from the Interstate Com
merce commission In respect to express
company rates Is announced as an early
probability. These rates need an over
hauling, and It Is high time they were
getting It. Rut the one effective way to
go about the solution of the express
monopoly problem Is to compel the rail
roads to assume h business directly.
UNLOADING ON TUB PUBLIC.
Seieaxtlfle Stock Watering; m Madera
New York Financial World.
When we were younger, more modest and
conservative, we capitalised our enter
prises more on the basis of intrinsic value.
But in recent years, the tendency has
been the other way, since we have come to
realize the advantages of water, scientifi
cally applied, to financing.'
Little drops of water, scattered over trade
names, good will, patent rights, onto the
appraisals of real estate, oquipment, and
so forth, pretty soon swell out a table of
assets Into great and greater proportions.
Eventually the asaeta appreciate so much
that the oWners of the business see a way
of capitalising the earning possibilities of
Then they Issue enough preferred stock
to cover not only their Investment In the
business, but all the liabilities and fre
quently Include a good profit likewise.
This accomplished, the public is Invited
to take the preferred stock.
All this Is modern financial magic by
which the public reimburse the owners of
the business for their Investments, pay
their obligations and still maintain them
In control of the business, through their
ownership of the common stock, at fat
The principle may be all right as long as
everything goes well, but we often wonder
What would happen It something went
wrong and the little drops of water had to
be squeesed out by a receivership.
The cost of Chicago's first primary foots
up the enormous sum of $Xr8,C00, or about
i for every vote cast.
Just to show that the "dry" lobby got
something for Its money, the Missouri leg
islature passed an antl-treatlng bill with
the usual penalties. Missouri could have
had a similar law from Nebraska for the
Owing to the financial crisis In the politi
cal affairs in Danville. III., only half the
usual vote was cast at lt Tuesday's mun
iclplal election. There wasn't enough
mony in sight to keep a single Ward
Financing the rebuilding of Missouri's
State capltol at Jefferson City goes to the
voters tn two proposllluni. The first calls
fur I3.0O0.000 In bonds, to be voted on at a
special election In August, when a two
third vote Is neceeisary to curry. Should
this fall, a tS.O0O.0O0 proportion goes to the
voters at the regular election In November,
when a majority vote wins.
Senator Bailey Ik quite offended be
cauMe some of the J&rkpot Inquixltur in
sist on putting him on the "wiiesx Hand
to explain wjiy the Holstlaw bank deposit
slip disappeared from his hand in the
senate. The dlsapitarance of the slip after
Railey pronounced It a forgery in the
senate Is one of many lilghly moral speci
mens of smooth work With which the Ixjrl
mer case reeks.
if you are in doubt about the meaning of
Colonel Roosevelt prvaent trip, read what
he says about It and be as happy as you
can: "I had lonii made up my mind that
after coming rark from my trip in Africa
and Kurope I wanted to have a i-lianre to
go around the country and, if possible,
wpeak in each state and to say Howdy'
and "Thank you.' For any man who ha
been made president of the l imed Crates
by the Amerlran people remains forever
their debtor, lie Is not worth hi salt If
I he has not tried to be president of all the
people, and his obligation la to all tie
, people "
In Other Lands
Side Lights oa What Is Trans
piring Among the Bear an,
rar JfaUons of the Barth
A rare opeclmen of sardonic humor linked
with a clever bit of political fencing forms
the Introductory note of the parliamentary
bill limiting the power of the British House
of liOrds. Refnre the constitutional Issue
went to the electorate for decision last fall,
the mlnletry as well as the liberal party
were not In agreement as to the length to
which the proposed reform should go. The
laborlte and nationalist divisions of the
coalition favored total abolition of the
second chamber. A majority of the min
isters was of Uke'mlnd. Rut It was doubt
ful If the electors were ready for so radi
cal an operation, for with all his faults
Britishers "dearly love a lord." To pla
cate the- sentiment favorable to the second
chamber and accompllah what the radicals
sought at the same time, a preamble was
annexed to the bill explaining the future
good Intentions of the liberal surgeons
toward the patient on his recovery.
"Whereas," reads the preamble, "It Is
Intended to substitute for the House of
Lords as It at present exists a second
chamber constituted on a pepular Instead
of a hereditary basis, but such substitution
cannot be Immediately brought Into opera
tion; and whereas, provision will require
hereafter to be made by parliament In a
measure affecting such substitution for
limiting and defining the powers of the new
second chamber, but It la expedient to
make such provision as In this act appears
for restricting the existing powers of the
House of Lord."
The declaration satisfies both radical and
conservative liberals. The second cham
ber is preserved as an ornamental fixture
In the British system. A clear avenue la
opened for reform legislation, and a plat
form pledge, handy to get In on, becomes
the executioner's letter of introduction to
the peern. British humor is not as dull as
It Is commonly pictured.
The provisional government of the re
public ot Portugal has fixed upon April 30
next as the date for the election ot mem
bers of the constituent assembly, the source
of legislative power of the country. Hither
to the body which overthrew the monarchy
conducted affairs as President Rrasa and
his cabinet willed. The self-constituted
rulers now have affairs so well in hand
that they feel safe In going to the electors
for approval. A program of radical re
forms, which forms the basis of the re
publican campaign. Include complete
separation of church and state, compulsory
universal education, free and universal
suffrage, and national economy. President
Rraza Is extremely optimistic on the future
of the republic. "Portugal," he is quoted as
saying, "will show the world a true re
public based on the rectitude of the na
tional conscience. It will restore the
glorious traditions of this great people and
Inaugurate a new era of prosperity by land
and sea." But rainbow pictures possess
little substance. An English corrsepondent
who has been investigating conditions In
Portugal says that the country is truly
Sick and its greatest danger Is that the
present leaders of opinion actually believe
that wordy nostrums will cure It. At this
moment, he says, 60 per cent of the soil
of the country Is uncultivated and 75 per
cent of the inhabitants are Illiterate. The
national debt has Increased outrageously,
trade Is hampered by potty restrictions and
a fiscal system which he compares to
All doubts ' regarding the ability of the
young Turks party to rise to a high level
of statemauship may be put aside. The
young Turks are progressing at a pace
that puts them neck and neck with the
"Mother of Parliaments," or the American
congress. Driring a recent session of the
Ottoman chamber of deputies one of the
heated deputies to emphasise his point,
caught the Grand Vtxler by the beard, and
with the other hand slapped him In the
face. Under the regime of Abdul such an
Insult meant death. Under the spell of
progress an apology soothed all ruffled
tempers. In the "Mother of Parliaments"
ebullitions of temper rarely rise to the
high level of the bearded slam. Members
threatened, but failed to execute. Regret
tably so. For what could have been more
Interesting as a spectacle of a news leader
than the tory commoners executing their
threat to throw the Irish Nationalists out
of the chamber. Possibly the vanishing of
such a vision Into thin air inspired the
poetic exclamation, slightly amended:
"For of all sad wars of tongue or pen
The saddest are these: What might have
The full returns of the census ot Austria,
taken In December, 1910, are expected to
be published about May of the present
year. The population of Vienna is already
computed, the city numbering on December
31, last, 1.0O4.391 civilians and 26,643 military,
a total of 2.0U0.S34. This is a gain over the
census of 19(10 of 3CS.427 civilians and a de
crease of seventy-nine military. In 1890 the
civilian Inhabitants numbered 1.341.897. The
district of Florldsdorf, with a population of
77,814. was annexed to the olty during the
Wealth la supposed to be more equitably
distributed In France than la most other
commercial nations; yet the death duty
returns for 1M show that fifty-eight mil
lionaires died during the year, two of
whom left estates in excess of $10,000,000.
No less than 9 per cent of the total num
ber of decedent estates arising In the
course of the year were of a value leas
than 110,000. but the aggregate value was
only about 31 per cent of the total value of
all decedent estates. The average value
per estate was only I2.9HO, and the tax
collections amounted to above $M.0U0,OUO.
This was considerably more than 11 per
capita of living population.
Indianapolis News: Buffalo BUI for the
senate? Oh, well when you come to think
of the senate why not.
Washington Poet: Buffalo Bill's candi
dacy for the senate may have a tendency
to reconcile Mr. Bailey to the recall.
Bt. Louis Times: When all those soldier
come north again there will be great dif
ficulty in supplying the demand for chile
Karma City Times: It would be a fine
thlnt; If those Mexican revolutionists could
shoot the J out of the Rpanish language
and inject the h.
Wall Street Journal: A Broadway Jew
eler has failed with liabilities of 1230 .000 and
assets of 13.600. Financial genius like that
Is wasted in a humble retail business.
Ht. Louis Globe-Democrat: Whatever
may be the ronfllrtlng reports from Wash
ington, there la no doubt about Camp
Crockett's bring the real thing. Misaourl
mulen have begun to arrive there.
Boston Transcript: The fnlted Btatf-s su
preme court has decldtd that the pure fi
law applies to eggs in Interstate commerce
so long as they are in the original park
ages. Vhta l a wainirs lor the h--n to
make note of.
Makes the mostnufri-
tlous food end U13 moct
dainty and cliciouo.
V 0 .
U V WW IW
Hm only Bevkin; Powder mada
f rom Royal Grape Cream of Tartar
No fussing or fretting over
the biscuit-malring. Royal
h the aid to many a
Rtytt Cm! Bk39 FUetifUFne. SmJ Nmt utf Aidrtu.
royal aakirio) pown: co., New yok.
ThoBeo's Letter Box
Contributions era Timely Bnajeota
Mot Bzoeediag Two Knadred. Worts
Are zarlted Iron Oax Beadors.
A Mlslosvetlac tattlM.
NORTH PLATTE, Neb., March Ifc-To
the Editor of the Bee: On March 1 you
published an article stating that Repre
sentative Ben H. Johnson of Kentuoky
made the assertion in the bouse of repre
sentatives that a resident of Washington
whom he named had represented himself
to him and other congressmen as able,
through the Knights of Columbus, to de
liver, for a suitable consideration. Catholic
votes In large blocks In various districts
throughout the country.
If you had published the whole ef Mr.
Johnson'a speech It would have given a
different aspect. After making the above
assertion Mr. Johnson said:
Mr. Speaker: I wish to say that I am
proud of being both a Catholic and a
Knight of Columbus and I emphatically
deny that thla man ran do anything of the
kind the order of Knights of Co
lumbus Is not a political organisation, but
instead, st Hotly fraternal and It Is a re
flection upon the Catholio church aa well
as upon the order of Knights of Columbus
that this man can go unchallenged and
unexposed In his nefarious scheme. There
fore, I say what I do relative to him for
the purpose of protecting this membership
as well aa for the purpose ot defending
the Catholio church and the Knights of
Columbus from such characters who. for
a few dollars, bring discredit upon that
church and, upon that order. Every Cath
olic and every fOnlght of Columbus will, I
know, appreciate an exposure of this
Catholic "for revenue oniy."
The report as published was misleading
and misrepresenting Mr. Johnson. It was
a gross Injustice to him as well as to the
Knights of Columbus and the Catholics of
JNO. a. LEMMER,
Reoorder, St. Patrick's Council No. 1211.
War the We Needs Osea Raagro.
OMAHA. March 17. To the Editor of The
Bee. The great cry for the last few years
has been to open up the public lands In the
west for the farming Industry,
Is the west to go under the plow and
grazing be abolished? Surely the farmer
cannot afford to raise cattle. Ranching
and farming are two different lnstr!eg.
We westerners welcome the homeseekers
from the east, but I advise the settlers to
go Into the live stock industry on the small
scale, as It would be far more profitable
for themselves and for the west and for
the country at large, t'nless they can get
places that would be profitable, however,
we are tn great need for more live stock
The question of beef Is still the question
all over the country. There are millions
of acres not fit for agriculture in the
west, which can be profitably used for
graalng. Whafls the use to divide these
up Into smalt sections and sell them to
settlers as agricultural land? To have a
cattle reservation Is very necessary.
To have a reservation of this kind would
prevent many losses In cattle and sheep.
Many sheep owners lost over 60 per cent
of their flocks during the winter of ISO
and 1910. The cattle loss averaged to per
cent. This was in a great degree caused
by owners being unable to get thefi to
hay tn severe storms, which on account of
the government refusing to lease or sell
stock raisers such erasing lands.
To have a reservation of this kind, so
many leagues or so many thousand acres,
having the boundary line fenced, hay put
up here and there In the different parts
of the reservation In the winter, sheds to
protect the cattle In bad weather, night
and day herding, and In this way receiv
ing a better protection frm the govern
ment if the land could be (some of It)
reserved, I know the stockmen of the west
would be willing to pay the government
a reasonable fee for stock to grate.
This would give to small stockmen a
I Prize for
Contest Winners J
We congratulate every winnVr in any piano contest,
no matter by whom conducted. Come into our store im- S
mediately, rhow us the certificate (before it is taken u
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UV llie Companies iruiu$ ii unit.
you are a real prize winner. We have a valuable and
useful prize for you as a ppeeia! congratulation, Hnd we
will not take your certificate. You may, after seeing us,
present it to the company issuing it.
inia-in douglas stueet
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great advantage by allowing their cattle
to grate on the reservation (proposed) and
then they could be- protected and the
ran oh men could have their twire-a-yrar
roundups, cutting out the cattle for mr
ket and to brand.
Farming la a very necessary Industry,
but ranching; Is Just aa Important. Bert
Is In a great demand, owing to the In
creased population of the United States.
Our American people still like their beef
steak and If we are going to depend on
the farmers raising cattle I am afraid we
will have a shortage In beef and beef will
be high in price.
If no steps are taken the t'nitcd Stair
will have to Import cattle Into tins coun
try from Argentina or other republics.
Judging from thin, It -will be necessary
for the west to continue open ranges under
Improved methods for cattle to grate, con
trolled by the national government.
FRANCIS JAMES, Range Rider.
To f'exnplete the Record.
GRAND ISLAND. Neb.. March U.-To
the Editor of The Bee: No one acquainted
with the history of Nebraska will deny
the truth of your editorial recalling hovr
Nebraska got Its reform legislation with
out the Initiative and referendum. But ta
complete . the record you should have
added that at the very next election by
popular rote, the governor and the party
who accomplished these excellent measures
were "recalled," and have been kept re
called ever since. Vox I'opuli. Vox Del.
Great will be the initiative, referendum
and recall. REFORM.
LINES TO A LAUGH.
"Do you use condensed milk at your
"I guess so. We order a quart a day.
and the milkman aqueetvs It Into a van
that bold about a pint." Toledo Blade.
"Does your wife uo the cooking on the
day the maid goes out?''
' How does that suit you?"
"It doesn't bother me any. 1 always
get a good meal Just before 1 go home "
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"I have been told, air, that you referred
to me in a speech the other day as a little
"I have no hesitation, air, In branding the
man who told you that as a malignant fal
sifier. 1 referred to you as a little crook."
Modest Bultor I am going to marry
your sister, Jimmy, but I know 1 am not
liood enough for her.
candid x.lttie ttrotner mat s what Sis
says, but mas been telling her she canl
do any better. Baltimore American.
"Why do you find to much fault with
that big town? It claims to pay much at
tention to higher things."
"Thnf, 4iit fh ,iiilklA Inn manv Ikv.
scrapers and not enough street sweepers."
"How did that pig dealer come to be
admitted to a society of authors?"
"He decleved them, although they could
not accuse Inm of falslflng."
"Told them he made his living with his
pen." Baltimore American.
Last night, my darling, as you slept,
I thought I heard you sigh;
And to your little crib I crept
And watohed a space thereby;
And then I stooped and kirsfd your throw.
For oh! I love you no
Tou are too young to know It now,
But some time you shall know!
Borne time when, in a darkened place
Where others came to weep,
Your ayes shall look upon a face
Calm in eternal sleep,
The voiceless lips, the wrinkled brow,
The patient smile shall show
You are too young to know it now,
But some time you may know I
Look backward, then, Into the years,
And see me here tonight
See, oh. my darling, how my tears
Are falling a I write.
And feel once more upon your biow
The kiss of long ao
You are too voung to know It now.
Hut some time you shall know.
All Piano )
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