Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 15, 1911, Page 6, Image 6

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    Till; BKK: OMAHA, WEDNESDAY, FETiUUARY 15. 1011.
Tin-: cimaKa Daily Hkk
KnterMt at Omaha po"tolflc aa eecond
cla matter!"
Hiinflay Bee. one year 2
Saturday Be, una year ' r $1 wi
Daily H (without bunda). ona year..M
Dally B and Sunday, on er ro w
I-:enlrig b'-o (wlilKiut Ptinday). Pr week c
btenlns; b (with Sunday), per wek...lw
l'aily lira (including unia), par week..J"C
Daily lie (without Sunday). per
A dorms all complaints of Irregularltle in
delivery to City Circulation Department.
umaha-The Bee Uullnln.
aoutn Omaha 2 N. Twenty-fourth St.
loU'H-li I !uii-u ecoit otrn-t.
Uneoln Ijttla Building.
. t'hlcaao i;ts Marquette Building.
KanHaa City iteliance Building.
New York 24 Wm i'hlrty-thlid Street.
. V, aahlngton 735 Fourteenth Htrwt, N. W.
Communication relating o new "n
dltorial matter should n addressed
Omaha Bee. Kdltorlal Department.
Remit by dratt. eipreaa or poaial order,
payable to The Ilea Publishing Company.
Only a-cnt lamrm received n payment oi
mall accounte. personal check ccpt on
Omaha and eastern eacng not accepted.
Evening Bex, without Bunday. Pr w "-?
Evening Be, with Bunday. per wek ...wo
Dally Bee, without Bunday, par week....iwi
Bunday Bee, pur copy
Dally B Including Bunday. Pr
Addrraa complaint or Irregularmea in
tellvery to City Circulation Department.
. 45,826
State of Nebraaka, Coenty of Douglas, M;
Dwlght William, circulation manager oi
The Be Publishing company, being duly
worn. ay that tha average daily cir
culation, lea poll Ad, unuaed and returned
copies, tor the month of January, 1911. was
Circulation Manager.
Subscribed In my preaence and worn to
before ma thia let day of February,
ttfeal.) KUiifcKT HUNiKH,
Notary fubllo.
bavrllivra learlus the city tem
porarily should bar Tar Be
aaalled to then. Addrraa will be
What the Panama canal needs first
ti completion. ,
Old Tempus keeps on fugltlng to
ward March 4.
"Bathtub Trust Wants to Com
promise." It is innocent, all right.
New York has caught up with Hong
Kong. Its Chinamen are cutting off
their queues.
The life of a 'provisional president
of Mexico Is after all not a rose
strewn path, altogether.
Natural respect for age should re
strain young Lady Decles from ever
quarreling with the lord.
Premier Asqulth now formally ask
eth the House of Commons to pass
the government's veto bill.
Joe Bailey Is hot a nervous man,
except when somebody mentions
shady senatorial elections.
Congratulations to General Crowder
on his promotion to be Judge advocate
general ot the United States army.
If those Texas newspapers would
stop publishing the pictures of the
lnsurrecto leaders the war might end
Can it be that that Chicago paper
which closed the Lorlmer Incident for
good and all time was mistaken In its
conclusions? '
' "Where was Moses when the light
went out?" Where will Omaha be If
the city and the gas company fall to
come to terms?
If anyone doubted that the tariff
was a local Issue he might be con
vinced by reading the discussion of
the Canadian reciprocity plan.
Nebraska has now a full-fledged re
publican league, with a complete ros
ter of officers and a platform to stand
on. That is making progress.
We are beginning to wonder if llrothT
Macon of Arkansas la ever going to
smile again. Houston Pout.
Sure, as soon as the galleries get
to going good.
Now that It has been ascertained
that the Lord Almighty is against
Tammany and Shcchan in that sena
torial fight the people ought to have
a show. .' ,
And yet, wealthy tourists, men and
v omen ho have to go to prison for
beating the revenue officers, are going
to think the second time before they
try smuggling again.
Omaha club women propose to
demonstrate that loyalty to clubdom
does not Interfere with proficiency in
cookery. Must be playing for popu
larity with mere man.
c. r I .. .. I r n. ....... i
"""" '
the Howard Chandler Christy painting
. .i r, ..i u , i
vt the Battle of San Juan because he
was not present. Which may, and ! ,i,1.j ..... i
" u showed a vast Increase over those
may not. attr.c the attention of thejof the precdln(f yeBr b(jt
former President. th)s sjrnp)y regajn of
A Los Angele. doctor 81 years old.!"688 '00!n- thtt disturbance.
wkg says diet should not be a matter
of routine, propones to fast for eighty
days. We could accept the doctor's
theory without commending his sys
tem for proving it.
Governor Aldrlch wants it distinctly
understood that he is favoring reci
procity, and la confirmed in his posi
tion by finding the opposition hiding
behind "Joe" Cannon and other reac
tionaries who are usually wrong,'
The Union Pacific announces that It
will restore nUht train service to ac
commodate pastienger traffic out of
Omaha. It was a mistake to inter
rupt'this servlte, and the officials cf
the road are showing that they are not
above correcting a mistake.
Lower Prices of Commodities.
Do people notice the difference In
the cot of many articles of food now
and a year ago? They do, no doubr,
when they take the pains to compare,
but It is doubtful if they notice this
quite as much aa they noticed the
unusually hljth levels before. Borne
prices have been materially reduced.
Eggs, lor Instance, In some middle
west cities cost about half what they
did. The wholesale quotation Mon
day In Kansas City was just half what
It was even a month and a hall ago.
Butter at 20 and 22 cents a pound is
very different from 85 and 40 cents
and meat Is lower. Hogs are, In some
Instances, from $1 to $1.25 below
last year's market, while cattle range
downward from 50 cents to $1 and
sheep $2.
These reductions, of course, are ma
teria and mean much to the consumer.
But they also mean as much on the
othe' side of the ledger to the pro
ducer. There Is where the rub comes
in lower prices to communities like
those of this great agricultural sec
tion. The question has a dual aspect.
What will pleasa the man who raises
foodstuffs and sells will not always
satlBfy him who only buys and con
sumes. It is impossible to strike a
balance in this economy that will sat
isfy all classes, yet we are probably
working toward a better and more
reasonable adjustment. But we should
not lose sight of this fact that polit
ical conditions have changed little In
the last year, which must suggest that
some of our theories as to high prices
were far off It is more economic
than political, this power that con
trols markets, and in the economic
world commercial speculation plays a
very Important part.
It is barely possible that the un
loading of accumulated stocks that
have been on hand for long periods Is
a vital factor In the lowering of prices.
If this is true, prices may be expected
to rise somewhat from their present
level. They are bound to go on vary
ing as seasons and supplies and other
conditions that can be used to govern
the markets vary. But the political
control and legislation to which high
prices have been so generally ascribed,
but which are still unchanged, cannot
be solely responsible.
Demand for Parcels Post.
If congress does not put through
the proposed plan of a limited parcelB
post at this session, then the Sixty
second congress will have to take up
the matter next winter. Or, even if
the present session should appropriate
the money for the experimental par
cels post and It should prove satisfac
tory at the end of a year, the test period
proposed in the measure, then It will
devolve upon the succeeding congress
to arrange to extend the system so
as to make It general over the country.
The principle of parcels post is
quite well established abroad and the
sentiment of our people Is crystallizing
every day In its favor. The masses
have come to believe that they should
have the advantages such a system
would offer and that the government
should employ the power and re
sources oMts great postal machinery
to that purpose. There is no good
reason that can be generally applied
for not giving the plan a fair trial.
Opposition, to be sure, is strong,
but it Is represented now chiefly In
the American League of Associations,
a very vague name for such an organ
ization. This combination has not
succeeded in converting any vast num
ber of people to Its cause this winter,
active as It has been in Washington
and elsewhere. The people, as a
whole, arc we believe, still unable to
see the Identity between their best
Interests and those who are fighting
parcels post. The powerful express
companies are, as they have ever been,
against the plan and they have
mergedthelr strength with all other
forces of resistance, but their ultimate
defeat and the general Introduction
of parrels post are, we believe, in
evitable. How Business Holds Up. J
Railroad earnings furnlbh a fair
Index to the general condition of busi
ness. These earnings of the last two
years show a gross Increase of $."07,
000.000. Difficult as it is for the
mind to grasp the meaning of such
prodigious sums, these figures con
vey some idea of how well our pros
perity has been sustained. They
completely refute all suggestion that
the country has not gone on steadily
gaining ground since the 1907 de
pression. ; in 1910 the total gross earnings of
railroads In the country were 12,825.
1 246.281, and In 1909 they were
,12,595.755.835, showing a gain in
, , n vr tone r .v.
ilJ0 over 1909 of the enormous sum
of 490 Tho 10fl0
But the 1910 tina represented that
much new business, new wealth. The
significance of this additional income
of $229,000,000 becomes more ap
parent, then, when we get tfcla view
of It. The big falling off in earnings oc
curred during 1908, go that it required
tremendous effort to bring the total
back up to whero it was In the banner
year of 1907. Yet this was accom
plished and more la 1909.
But the most reajiiirlng' agpoct of
the situation Is that earnings thus
far In 1911 are still showing
Increases and if they hold up for the
rest of the year proportionately will
outstrip the records of 1910. But,
with all this prodigious income, some
railroads are complaining that their
Bet earning gre not Increasing, lu-
deed, the statement has been made
that, owing to increased cost of
labor and materials, this entire gain
of 1229.000.000 has been wljwd out,
so that none of It aupears in the net
earnlnpscoiiimn. This statement is
almost incredible, at least In view of
the unprecedented dividends declared
by such roads as the Union Pacific and
Southern Faciflc. There are systems
of bookkeeping, of course, that may
affect appearances, but swollen traf
fic, enlarged earnings and shrewd
managiment ought to produce a
healthy condition and satisfactory
Organizing Charities.
Tho task of organizing the charities
of Washington and the District of Co
lumbia along' Lines which The Bee has
advocated for Omaha Is "being taken
up with vigor by the leaders in phllan
throphy there. A movement Is under
way to establish a supervising board
for all tne charitable institutions of
Washington that appeal to the public
for support and require them not only
to secure proper endorsement, but to
submit tu a central regulation and
financial control. In Washington they
have even gone so far as to suggest
that a blacklist will be resorted to, If
necessary, to cut off uncertificated
solicitors and Irresponsible Institu
tions from the source of supply. This
is endeavoring to make the whole dis
tance at one Jump and may be difficult
of performance, but It is unquestiona
bly a movement headed In the right
direction. It Is a movement, too, that
is bound to be taken up In other cities
where wastefulness of unorganized
and competitive charities diverts too
large a part of the money contributed
for suffering humanity to the main
tenance of the mere mechanism of col
lection and distribution.
Sound Advice.
Governor Aldrlch gave the Ne
braska legislators a little lecture in
the course of his speech at the Lincoln
day banquet that Is both sound and
timely. The practice of "log-rolling"
against which the governor warns the
law-makers is one hoary with tradi
tion and firmly intrenched In legisla
tive methods but not any the less
wrong because of that. "Log-rolling,"
as it has been called, has been respon
sible for more pernicious legislation
than is possibly chargeable to direct
bribery. Legislators who could not
conceivably be rfjhed by a direct
bribe are subject to the moresubtle
influence of a "trade," and frequently
give their countenance at least, if not
their active support, to unworthy
measures lrt order to secure assistance
in the passage of some law In which
they are personally Interested, or
which they believe to be worthy. In
this way the meritorious measure Is
made sponsor for the evil, and the
state suffers because of the continua
tion of the practice of vote-trading.
In theory, at least, every bill should
stand on its own merit and be consid
ered by itself. If this were true In
practice less demand for the right of
direct legislation would be heard. The
admonition of the governor should be
heeded, for it is made in no captious
vein, but as the convincing utterance
of an executive who has the best In
terest of a great state at heart. Leg
islators may find it difficult to divest
themselved ot selfish considerations,
but in making laws for the whole peo
ple they should remember that sec
tional or local concerns are ot' secon
dary Importance. Make laws for Ne
braska, and not for the benefit or con
trol of any particular part of Ne
braska, and the complaint of the peo
ple against the legislature will cease.
The Kaiser's Illness.
Little surprise probably is caused
by the late news from Berlin stating
that Kaiser Wilhelm's illness Is more
serious than first reports indicated,
because it Is the rule to withhold dis
turbing reports of this character af
fecting the heads of nations and par
ticularly of European monarchs, as
we have seen within the last year or
two. No one will question that it is
a wise precaution, for Emperor Will
iam may not be dangerousaly sick,
but that he is seriously ill Is not to
be doubted and it is evident that his
royal household la gravely concerned
over bis condition. He has been fail
ing apparently for more than a year.
Ilia old throat trouble must have re
asserted itself in somewhat virulent
form when it became necessary to per
form an operatiqrt.
The surest sign of the emperor's
condition became public when months
ago he delegated to his eldest son, the
crown prince, much of the official
duties falling to the throne. The
keenest apprehension is manifested in
many nations over this sick man. The
hope Is general that he may yet be
fully restored to his robust form and
! be able to resume control of the state
with the vigor and zeal that have
characterized him as one of the
world's dominating rulers.
We get a good view of the world
spirit in such distressing contin
gencies as this, when the appre
hension of ecry leading power
i aroused to a high pitch over
tho nhysicat ailment of any of
ttK great heads. It affords, or should
! afford, strong comfort for the prin-
cr.le of the interdependence of na
tions. The German nation has spread
its influence over this country and
over othera so powerfully a vastly to
Intrench that feeling of universal fra
ternalism. When the people of Douglas county
voted $1,000,000 to build a new court
house tbey were not couutlng on the
numerous frills and furbelows that are
being presented to-the county board
o persuasively by contractors and
agents. Puzzle: How much ntore
money will have to be voted if all the
latest new-fangled attachments and
accessories are put In?
No one haa yet come from hauamore hill
In favor of Prealdent Taft'a rerlprorlly
abetment with Canada. Philadelphia Rec
ord Idem ). February V.
I feel that we are to be congratulated a
a nation upon the likelihood of obtaining a
closer reciprocity tariff and trade relation
with Canada. speech by Theodore Hoose
velt February 11. y
How disappointing It roust be to
democratlo bopea and aspirations.
An advertising circular put out by
Ak-Sar-Ben declares that if the eggs
produced by the hens of Nebraska in
1909 were placed In a double row end
to end they would be three times as
long as the total railroad mileage con
structed in 1908. That's all right,
but how many cold storage ware
houses ot average siie would they fill?
Omaha will be one of the two cities
jrherebids for Indian supplies will be
received and contracts let. The new
regulation la in the interest of econ
omy and good business,. and It will be
up to the local jobbers to e that the
government does not lose by it.
A billiard player's 1300 a week and ex
pense would eem high but for tin opera
singer' $2,000. Boston Herald.
And the opera singer's stipend would
seem high but for Wrestler Gotch's
$2,600 a week. Oh, It's a gay life,
these footlights.
Peril of Flltbnaterlns.
fit. lAula Globe-Democrat.
Any filibustering senator claim to be
able to force an extra session. Does It
never etrlke the (enate that thia Idea make
the people of the United States tired?
Dlffualon of Kaonledge.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Tha gentleman from Idaho has Intro
duced a bill whereby every household in
the United State shall hereafter receive
a daily copy of tha Congressional Record,
post free. Hurrah! Only we move to
amend by making the page nearer the alie
of on' pantry shelve.
Helping; to Peed Caaata.
Philadelphia Record.
A statistician ha shown that Canada
produce about two ounce of butter a year
tor each mouth of its inhabitants, and not
mora than two or three egg for each.
The hen and cows ot Canada will have
to get very busy before causing serious
alarm over their production to timorous
foes of trade reciprocity.
Paalahmeat of Sple.
New Tork Sun.
Representative Richard P. Hobson ha
one good bill relating to the national da
fence to hi credit, tha measure providing;
for tha punishment of foreign spies caught
in the act. which the house passed on Mon
day. So far a the Philippine are con
cerned, If their defences to the laat gun
are known In Asia, the military advisers
of the government are responsible, and not
congress. No doubt It would have pro
vided the neceenai-y legislation Immediately
after the Spanish war if It had been urged
to do so. ' ' '
Half at Cratory Ago.
Philadelphia Ledger.
People who recall the war of the rebel
lion as an event ot only a "spell" back
will become thoughtful they roaliz that
thia year mark the semi-centennial of the
opening of hotllitfe. Already Monteonv-
ery, Ala., has celebrated tha fiftieth anni
versary of the meeting there of the dele
gates from the seceding gulf state who
Inaugurated the confederate government.
Likewise it I a half century alnc th fir
ing on Fort Sumter and the battle of
Bull Run and there are those alive who
recollect these event and would resent
being called elderly.
Asklujf Too Mark.
New York Tribune.
Advocate of more efficient federal guard
ianship of the public health will do well
to consider whether they are working for
practical efficiency or for Increased dignity
and show. If th latter, they era logical
In striving for the creation of a new cabi
net secretaryship. If the former, they
would probably attain their end much
more surely by seeking the creation of an
efficient bureau Under on of the existing
department. The Department of Agricul
ture, th Department of Commerce and
Ijibor and other first cam Into existence
a buieaus, and It would item fitting for
the care of health to follow tha same
Icourae. Beside, it would probably be
poasible to get a bureau established, while
the creation of a department ema to be
for the present nut of the question.
People Talked About
When Dr. Tanner's advice that we put
tha beef truat out of bualnee by fasting
eighty day 1 taken seriously, the cold
lorag houea can afford to play a waiting
Hospital surgeona in St. Louis removed a
2o-cent piece from the bip of Walter Carl
wood, the laat of a deposit of 60 cents and
a penknif mad by a charge of buckshot
from the gun of a fellow hunter. Th doc
tor think th bank I now Insolvent.
Andrew Carnegie' claim that h made
forty-three mlllloi aire may well spread a
feeling of humility. Ha aay thcr I little
to be gained by th woman who becomes
th wife of a millionaire, aa ah haa too
many luxurle and no mental resource to
fall back upon deaplt th number of Car
negie libraries abroad In th land.
On ona occaalon th gentle wit of Arch
bishop Ryan encountered a full In a fellow
preacher, it waa at a b. quel In Philadel
phia. Seated beaide the archbishop waa
llabbl Krauskopf. in front of thtm waa a
sliced Virginia ham, th brand that makes
th mouth of men water. Turning to hi
neighbor th archbishop Inquired, "My
dear, rabbi, when may I help you to om
of this delicious haniT" "At your grace's
wedding," responded th rabbi, smiling.
Senator Cummin of Iowa had started in
life as a carpenter at the ag of about 12.
working at odd Job with hi father, but
after finishing school be had drifted Into
th civil engineering branch of railroad
work. H waa on hla way weat to take a
job with th LVnvvr Rio Grande railroad
when h met an old friend of th family
on the airvet In Chicago. In th courae of
their conversation. Cummin remarked that
he waa a tiifl disappointed not to hav
becom a lawyer. Th family friend imme
diately took him over to th office or two
lawyer acquaintance and to boll down th
detail t'ummln went to worlr for them at
Sl a week. H wouH hav received a
k at th Job h wa then on hia a to
lake, but b didn't beaitau betaeen tbein.
Army Gossip
Matter of Tntereet on and Back
of tba Firing Line Gleaned from
the Army and Wavy ltgitr.
Th War department is not in favor of
th clauae. Incorporated In th army ap
propriation bill in Its paxsage through th
senate, providing for a corps of drntal If the amendment remain In th
bill, which does not eem likely in its pres
ent shape, thire will be about ninety offi
cer In the new corpa, of whom, ultimately,
eleven will have the rank of major and
about thirty the rank of captain, making
in tha neighborhood of forty who will hav
rank above that of first lieutenant. It Is
maintained at the War department that
such an arrangement would prove an em
barrassment to th administration of th
medical department and will Interfere in a
material way with the development and
employment of the army medical reaerv
corps. The surgeon general of the army
has been in favor of having theae dental
surgeons posses the rank, of first lieuten
ant, with UM'Usual Increase of pay for
service and with the customary allowances
and privilege of retirement, which condi
tions are expected to attract to tha servlc
competent dental surgeons'. Tha arrange
ment in the provision. Included In the army
bill, is regarded by the surgeon general of
the army as out of all proportion to tha
need of the service.
Another attempt has been made to ob
tain legislation for the relief of officer of
the army in whose cases adverse settle
ments have been made by the accounting
officer, due to a decision ot the supreme
court in the case of Donn C. Mitchell. For
aeveral year the War department has
ought to hav congressional authority for
relieving these officer from the stoppage
of pay recommended by the accounting of
ficer. These are th casea involving a
very large number of officer who wer
regularly assigned to higher command by
competent authority and who wer regu
larly paid under th existing practice up to
March , 1907. Acting on the decision of
tha supreme court, the auditor for the War
department has presented to the War de
partment the cases of thirty-seven officers,
requesting the stoppages be made against
their pay for amount received In Increased
pay' for the exercia of higher command,
averaging from 300 to tsno each. It i ap
preciated that this represents only a small
percentage of the number of officers who
are subject to disallowance of a similar
nature, as the decision affects practically
vrV officer who drew higher command
pay. Hitherto there ha been more or less
misconception of the matter In congress.
The necessary legislation was Incorporated
In tha army appropriation bill In the senate.
Officers of the army who are Interested
in marksmanship believe there would be
practical advantages derived from the en
couragement of regimental rifle teams.
Last year for the first Urn It was observed
there was a strong regimental team for
the regular service. The Fifteenth Infantry
was represented on an Infantry team In the
national match by one officer and five en
listed men, so It was able to enter a very
strong regimental team In four Important
regimental matches. It I believed that the
sending of regimental team to the national
and other matches should be encouraged
as It would create a decided interest In
rifle practice i regiments which turned
out good teams. Teams could be sent from
nearby posts without much expense. If the
matches are held at Camp Perry or Sparta,
teams from the regiments stationed at
Fort Sheridan, Benjamin Harrison, Fort
Wayne, Fort Thomas,' and Fort Snelllng
could easily be sent. If the matches are
held at Sea Girt or In the east, the troops
at Plattaburg, Ethan Allen, Fort Jay, and
Madison Barracks could furnish teams.
These teams would require little extra
training, as these regimental matches are
usually shot at 200, 600 and 1,000 yards, slow
fire, or rapid fire, or skirmish.
Representative Hull, chairman of the
house military committee, In the course
of the debate on the army appropriation
bill in the house, made a suggestion that
there should be a law which prevents the
alteration of the army uniform. He waa
not quite willing to go to the extent ot
saying that congress should prescribe In
detail the uniform which should be worn
by officer and enlisted men of the mili
tary establishment, but he believed that
no alterations should be made by army
regulation without congressional permis
sion to that end. This, of course, amounts
to practically the same thing in th end
that congress would control the tyl or
tpe of army uniform. This would hav
the advantage, perhaps, of checking any
chang In army uniforms, but it would
be by no means an assurance of any
such restriction. This Is shown by the
fact that In the debate there was some
question on th part ot member a to
whether the ollv drab or the khakl uni
form 1 th shade which contributes moat
toward invisibility of th wearer, and It
was suggested that gray would be th best
oolor and thia. notwithstanding th fact
that th existing uniform has been
adopted after careful and conaclentlou
experiment by those best- qualified to
judge. There would alwaya be the chance
that congress would go off on. a tangent
and be misled by those who entertained
decided views concerning the uniforms, If
that question became- a matter of law.
Th situation, aa It now exist relating
to army uniforms, la more satisfactory
than it has been In many years. The
policy of the War Department Is to dis
courage any change, and thia is not by
any means because the department la
la 'king In suggestions which come from
many sources and are of all degrees of
utility, expense and originality. There
was a time alien congress might hav
Interfered, with propriety and profit, with
the departmental habit of changing the
uniform, but there seem now no Justifi
cation for such deprivation of the mili
tary authorities of an administrative
function, logically devolving upon their.
RE A LIT V OlTBl S tMtOl'll ES V.
Woudrra of Our .National tirottth Arc
show a la late Weat.
Brooklyn Kagl.
To those of u who are old enough to
remember the ceremonies attending the
driving of the last spike of the overland
I rout in ISoa, the fact that that wilder
ness of forty year ago naa com to re
quire a double tracked railroad for It
transportation service eem Ilk tb de
velopment of Borne dream country. In th
eventle book wer written to show that
the rid acroa tb continent wa not too
fatiguing to b undertaken by people In
search of recreation, and much wa made
of the fart that bayond Omaha tha trains
only ran twenty mile an hour, thus reduc
ing the (train of prolonged confinement
In a car. A for th Oregon Short Line,
which will ahar in thi Increased equip
ment, it hardly entered the Imagination
of thoa early explorer by rail that the
tim would com when branch line would
spring from th main trunk in the heart
of the Rockle. If anyone had told them
i that lnsid of fifty year thore would be
J a double tracked road ulong the valley of
the t'uluinbia river, to bring buslnesa to
; the I niou Pacific, tbey would hav r
jgardtd th prophet a a Mulberry teller a.
A line serosa the continent ai-fa!ed to the
Imagination as a national rather than a
bulne proposition, and the government
ald"d the construction of It aa a national
aacet. That in one generation railroading
lrt that country should demnnd f.tcllltli
denied to the greater part of New F.n
lund and that It ah.iuld warrant the in
vestment of ITi.OOO.(iU) of private capital
In thosr facilities la one ot th won Its
of our national growth.
orroMimx to itKciritni-iTV.
Mature and l.lmlt of Itlatarbanre
llnS Northern Rordrr.
New York Tribune (rep ).
To moat of the objections made to th
Canadian reciprocity agreement th old
maxim cf Latin Jurisprudence appllea-d
mlmls non curat lex "the law does not
concern Itaelf about trifles." It Is note
worthy that the opponents of the agree
ment do not allege that it will prove In
jurious to the country at large. They do
not even challenge Its obvious benefits
from the point of view of national policy.
Their reluctance to approve It Is bnaed on
the assertion that It will upset conditions
here and there for fifty or 100 mile- south
ward along the Canadian border and will
do a certain amount of damage: as yet
unascertaindble, to borderland Interests.
It Is also noteworthy that even In th
border states that is no agreement as to
tha Injurious effects of a freer exchange
of products. Flags are reported to have
flown halfmast on Friday in Gloucester
Harbor, and Representative Gardner of
the Gloucester district haa condemned the
agreement to admit Canadian fish free as
a death blow to the Massachusetts cod
fishing Industry, Yet even In Gloucester
there are those who maintain that Its
prosperity as a port will not be affected
by the agreement and who cite the days
between ISii and 18fti, when Canadian fish
cam In fre under an earlier reciprocity
treaty, as the golden era of Gloucester's
progrea s. During that period the city In
creased about 70 per cent In population,
whereas In the last fifteen years Its popu
lation has been actually declining. Most
of the representatives from Massachusetts
are heartily In accord with the administra
tion's reciprocity policy.
Senator Hale I quoted as believing
Maine' prosperity to be Imperilled by the
free admission of Canadian potatoes and
other agricultural products. But tha city
of Portland seem to b entirely pleased
with an arrangement which will un
doubtedly enlarge Its business, and In th
Maine leglslatur a resolution has already
been Introduced commending- tha recip
rocity agreement and asking congress to
pars the legislation necessary to carry It
into effect. Soma of the Minnesota repre
sentatives are hostile to th agreement,
but other strongly favor It. The border
states are by no means a unit In deprecat
ing action which would push the boun
daries of our economic system further
north and permit an exchange of products
beneficial ' to both sides and helpful In
cementing friendly relations between the
two communities.
As a matter of fact. It will be difficult
to organise purely local dissatisfactions
sufficiently to overcome the Increasing
pressure of public opinion in th rest of
the country In support of the agreement.
Circumscribed local Interests will have to
gtve way to the general good, especially
when those Interests are not likely to be
able to make out a case of more than mod
erate and temporary Inconvenience. Within
a few year, we believe, the conditions
created along th border by the present
tariff law on food product will disappear,
and the foodstuffs both of Canada and
the United States will find a common and
equally profitable market.
Activities Which Coast In the Aanaal
Prof. Charles M. Harger in Leslie's.
The westerner's advance In material
things goes deeper than mer showers; It la
th outcome of a new relation toward the
av3lblllties of th soli and a new attitude
tward business. Th earlier settlement
wa made on a basis of speculation. Tens
of thousands of settlers without any ex
perience in farming took claim or bought
railroad lande and proceeded to "put In" a
crop. Hundreds of thousands of acres of
wheat land wer sowed year after year
without replowing. it was a gamble If th
wheat grew, it would pay; it it did not, th
expense wa small. i
Nearly a whole generation passed befor
there wa a real awakening. Then cam th
period ot education. Tha decade ending
with 1800 wa a severe but effective school.
It taught the western farmer that he must
depend on something more than guess
work, that he must diversify hi agricul
ture. In tha beginning of thing transcontinental
trains wer baited In the midst of a great
Wheat field that the passengers might feast
their eyes on the vision of prosperity. The
next year th wheat failed and the farm
er went "back east to the wife's folks."
Today, In that same valley, the passengers
se not only wheat, but corn, alfalfa,
herd and flocks, orchards and a S50.0U0
creamery In the distance that pays out a
half million dollars annually to th farm
er. Those two pictures tell th story but
ther I mora than that. The real prosper
ity wa not apparent until ther had come
a lime whan th farmer was able to lay
aside something as savings. Had there
been no era of more timely rains he would
have worked out hia salvation, but the
years of th past decade when the moisture
brought good crops where tllage wa well
don helped. As soon as the farmer realised
that ha waa relieved from th burden of
debt and possessed a bank account he
began to give more time to scientific plan
ning of hi work. The agricultural colleges
and th railroads extended their aid. "Good
seed" trains, "hog breeding" trains, "corn
specials" went flitting from town to town,
showing in the moat practical method pus
what could be done to iiaVrove the produc
ible Juat what could be dona to Improve
tb production oi th laud or ot the herd.
Homo Made loroarte.
Brooklyn Kagl.
Th demand for American-made coronets
Is increasing. Gold taken from the cheats
of departed uncrowned kings of finance
can be worked up Into these ornaments In
Maiden I Arte and Flf'.h avenue. They look
better and will wear aa well as anything
exhibited In th Tower of London.
Mubjou's Cold ltuie'y ltelleri-s tb
head, tbroat aud lunga uliuon linuieillulr
jr. Cliecka Kevera, atopa 1 ilailiara of
tie uon. takes auy f ll a liw aud pulna
laused by colda. It cure irln anil oli-
rli ule ('ought ami prevent ruenuioulii.
Write Prof, aluiiyoii, Mrd m,d Jenram
Kta . PLlln . I'D., fur ibetiUal ,UtK (U
Sulutslf lit.
"I Mippoae you ..n it nipt' l to put or.
air? Mtn Mm own a motor car."
"I ahoulil say not." rrplteu Mr. t h..K
Kina. "A man WHri a motor car pma 1
inoKt ot hia life apologiamg.' --vt MciiiiiKi '
The Sightseer -Who's place I that?
The tluide I hat'n the home of a lain.i
inuvKra K in tnassxtne editor.
1 ho I mould think hoi)
take a day otf once in a nhilr 1 11 -
up his gun back) at d .-Cl elamJ 1'iair
I aler.
Mrs. Allway t'h. John; I hail a .1-nin
la.Mt nlkht that all your menu y soik
A llw ay I iow much iliii the dims 111 i i
tileani cost? CliicHfto .New.
"You take a good many maaaxlncs."
' lliat beats my capacity I cut cany
oxer lour seta t serial stoi les In 111 heau. '
I'lttxhurg Post.
"Please, ma'am, my initres.x lold me ic
tell you when 1 took jour caru upia i
just now that she wa.n t a: home.
"Indeed! j i.eii you can go luck and tell
her 1 was so umil to find she waa out.' -i.altimoie
"Thirty year ago." said Uncle .leny
Peebles, who was in a reminiscent niooii.
' 1 knowed a boy that was always m.nin'
pigeons or tln rnna In dil tall. Well,
sir. that feller la makln' Jtxl a bare llvln'
now aa preaiueiit ul a femal seminary. '
Chicago Tribune.
"Can you tell tne. o.y buy ?" ahl in
prim teacher, "why the i( la not aiwaa
to the swift ."'
"Yen'ni," aalil the little hov prompt ;.p.
"It a beeauae sometimes th'ir tires bust ."
Baltimore .iihiikhh.
- . ; .'
"Why do the call the owl th bird .if
w I adorn?"
"It stays out all night and doexn'l tell
what It aeea or does. "-Judge.
Hiram Hill Jones gave a firm In th
east 6 for a recipe to kill potato bugs.
Hlaa-Uld he get It?
lllram Sure! lhey advlaed him to slo
raising potatoes and let them atarv to
death. Chicago New.
As the milkman hurried along the narrow
walk between the two tenement houses a
huge Icicle dropped from an uveihangin
roof twenty-five feel above hli, Jual
graaing the rim cf hi hat In Its descent.
"Iurn such luck'." ha muttered; "now
that I'm carrying accident insurance,
everything misses me!" Houston Poet.
HI ol weatherman,
Tim you wuy aetlln'
Her wld de gooda;
Just been a settin'
Round fer weeks
Chawlu' yer cud;
8' doggone trlflln'
Y am t worth a spud.
Patience worn threadbare.
Waitin' fer a slid; , ;
Kids got It In fer
Yer ol sleepy hid;
Haint got a lick
Of good horse sense--S'pose
you think slsds er x
jlst ornlments.
Santy Claua left m
Big doubla flyer,
Come near splittin' It
Ui fer th fire; ,
But ole Br'er Groundhog.
He knowed what to do
Waa thankful fer ds bllsserd.
But we ain't a-thankin' you.
Two you promised u
Never showed up;
Bet you never was a kid
Born growed up;
Kr els you must a bin de kind
Wot called a molly coddle;
Never had a Inch o' fun
In yer ole stupid noddle.
Er p'raps yr feclin' sorry
Fer some poor, complaintn' critter
Who's alus akeered to death fer fear
A flak of snow'U hit 'er.
But whatever 't is that ails yar nibb
If you want to stay In town
You'd better leave this mow alone
An' kep th' mere'ry down.
Corn Meal and Amotone
Make Hair Beautiful
tFrom the Women's National Magasln
A wall known scalp and hair epeolalUfe
of New York saya: "If your hair la fee 1
coming coarss, faded and brittle. It la ad '
indication that It ha had too much wate
Be bathing I particularly injurloua to th
hair. Many women dealt oy their hair tJ)
shampooing with soap and water.
' 'Any person . desiring fine, long and
tlky hair should dry shampoo once or "
twice a week. Get from your druggist
four ounce of amotone, put It In a Ja
and add half a pound of corn meat, mlxin
thoroughly. Tills delicately perfumed
shampoo powder will laat for months.
Sprinkle a tablespoonf ul evenly upon the
head; then brush the powder thoroughly
through the hair. v
"Corn meal cleans the scalp and hair
root; amotone tone up the scalp and en
courages hair growth; together they maka
the hair light, fluffy and beautifully lus
trous." Adv. ,
You will get a good price
for your instrument.
We only require a littles
price for the Player; viz:
$375, $175, $550
This is the only way to put
mu.sic in the home and have
music at any time and when
ever you want it, for every
one can plajrthe Hospe Play
er Piano.
Free Music, Free Trial,
Free Scarf, Free Stool
u nd very Easy Terms.
Better Invent! gate Now.
AaMosne Co.