Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 19, 1910, Page 4, Image 4

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The tMAHA Daily IH;i:
Entered at Omihi postofflce aa second
class matter.
Si.ndy Hr. one r
!-atiirdav Itee. on vi
12 :k
l !
Dally Hee twthnut Sunday) on year. It
OaJy Hee and Sunday, one year $4
Evening B (without Sunday), per week c
Kvtmna liw twlih Sunday), per week....ine
laily Bee Including Sunday), per
UhiIv mm (w.thout Sunttay. pet
Addreee all complaints of Irregularltlee
! delivery to City Circulation Department.
Omaha The Bh Building.
Month OmahaUS North Twenty-fourth
Pint t.
Council Wuffa-H Scott street.
Lincoln tis I. litre Bu Iding.
Chicago IMS Marquette Building.
New York-Rooms 1101-1103 No. 34 Weal
Thirty-third Street.
Washington Via fourteenth Street, N. W.
Communication! to iiewe and
editorial matter should be addressed:
Omaha Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or poatal order
payable to The flea Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent atatnpa received In payment of
mall accounts. Personal checks except on
Omaha and eastern exchange not accepted.
Plato of Nebraska. Douglas CCunty. aa.
tieome B. Tsachuck. traasurer ( 1 he Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn
as that tha actual number of full and
complete cop ea ef The Dally. Morning.
Evening and Hundy Be printed during tha
month o( November, W10. was aa ioiiows:
1 iW(t
1 43,600
S 43. 0C0
4 43479
44,. 00
t 40,930
1 434 10
10 ,.A,47eY
II 44.440
It..... 43.900
I 44400
14 43.30
It 43380
J 7 44,380
II 44,080
II 43.740
II 43,911
II 43.690
1 41.930
14 ,....48,640;
II 43,740 i
t 43,150 I
IT 43,980
II 43,380
tl 4340 !
10... 43,310 !
- Total X.330.OM
Returned copies 15,434
Nel Tula! 1.30B.4S4
Daily Avaraga 43,819
Subscribed In my presence and aworn to
before ma this 3uih da of November. 1910.
v M. I'. WALKER,
(Seal.) .'. Notary Public.
Subscribers leaving- tho elty tem
porarily should have The Be
nailed tn thean. Aadrraa -will be
The typewriter form a big figure in
every war nowadays.
Footpads .who take a victim's cloth
ing must Want to rub it in. ''
How would half a dozen lumps of
anthracite coal be for a Christmas
present? ,
"When is food a luxury?" ask a the
Denver Republican. When it fills a
long-felt want.
Earlier in Tife Mr. Carnegie was
called the "Steel King." Now he is
the "Prince of Peace."
Now that California is .no longer the
thirteenth state in size, it ought to
have a better run of luck.
Mow fortunate that that fire In
Tammany hall was extinguished before
it reached the "oil" room.
. . I
As the "man without a country" ex
Presldent Zelaya is not breaking many
hearts by his pathetic plight.
San Francisco ought to be able to
win even New Orleans over to Its side
on that brand it is handing out.
The most unklndest cut of all is that
1 karat has hired Alfred Henry Lewis
to write things about Senator Lodge.
Chicago has reduced water rates In
its effort to lower the cost of living.
That might he appreciable in Kansas.
Possibly Mr. Carnegie ga'.e that
$10,000,000 to peace to prevent his
heirs from fighting over It after be
Our Anti-Saloon league chronic
license protesters are strangely silent
and Inactive right now. What's the
The report that a Chicago man has
invented a noiseless soup spoon will
make interesting reading in Texas,
where they drink it from the bowl.
The early Christmas shopper enjoys
the additional advantage of having
time to make further forgotten pur
chases before the fateful day arrives.
Mr. Carnegie's bequest for world
peace capie out just in time to divide
the front page with Secretary Dickin
son's plea for larger war appropria
tions. We observo from the dispassionate
pages of tho esteemed Congressional
Iteiord that Champ Clark is l lght when
he declares, "There Is no oratory in
congress today.'.'
Ju6t to prove its devotion to the
Idea of "the city beautiful," our Com
mercial club has gone to patronizing
the billboards. Join the Commercial
club and help make Omaha attractive.
It would be a real joke ou San
Francisco aod New Orleans If sleepy
old Washington, 13. C ohould wake
up and land that Panama exposition
after all, but they would never see the
- J
Now if Street Commissioner Flynn
will only pray hard enough for auspi
cious weather the street funds may
hold out to pay all the political bosses
and Inspectors full time whether any
work la done on the streets or not.
Comparative Growth.
The table put out by the census
bureau showing the percentage of pop
ulation Increase In the various state
In the last decade, and the changes in
relative rank of the states, affords ma
terial for Instructive stndy.
Nebraska In the last census period
scored an Increase In population of
11.8 per cent and ranka as the twenty
ninth state In number of Inhabitants.
Nebraska, while making this creditable
showing, has evidently not grown as
fast aa some other states, because In
1890 it occupied twenty-sixth place in
the list, and In 1900 twenty-seventh
place in the list. The states which
have passed Nebraska are Oklahoma,
which has swallowed up Indian Terri
tory and doubled in population, and
West Virginia, which has barely
slipped by.
As Is natural to expect, the states
which have shown the greatest per
centage of Increase are, for the most
part, states which previously bad the
greatest area of unoccupied land and
undeveloped resources. California,
for example, shows a 60 per cent In
crease and jumps from twenty-first
place to twelfth place. Arizona, Colo
rado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New
Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota,
Utah, Washington and Wyoming are
the other states exhibiting large ratios
of Increase, ranging from 60 per cent
upward, because starting out with
sparse population and holding out
strong inducements to new settlers.
Geographically Nebraska occupies
a sort of halfway station, as It were,
gaining new recruits from the east and
probably losing some to the west. It
Is to the advantage of Nebraska to
have the more sparsely inhabited
states to the west settled up because
many of their products find a natural
outlet here, and we In turn provide
the market on which they draw for
supplies. As the country between the
Missouri river and the coast becomes
as thickly inhabited as the country
east to tho Alleghentes, Nebraska and
its various cttiea and towns will be
pushed forward by the very momen
tum of the population pressure and
enjoy a steadily increasing prosperity.
The Fight on Mail Frands.
The government's move against the
fraudulent use of the malls Is so far
reaching and systematic as to offer a
substantial measure of protection to
legitimate business which cannot but
suffer from such swindles and para
sites. Without the malls as a vehicle for
communication with his victims, the
business faker never could make prog
ress. Misuse of the malls makes of
his projects a most insidious element,
for it gives, first, the semblance of
legitimacy which enables them to get
a favorable hearing, which otherwise
they, could not obtain, The growth
and spread of tils character of eriter
prlne has been prodigious in the last
few years and It may well be ques
tioned If such results could have been
achieved without resort to the malls.
Now the government, through the
postal authorities! has come down upon
the whole gigantic system of get-rlch-qulck
fraud with its full force and
will not stop until it has done its best
to destroy it. Already some excellent
results have been accomplished. Some
of the worst offenders against the law
have been either exposed or summarily
dealt with and a long list of others Is
under investigation. But the task is a
formidable one, for the lmposters are
shrewd and resourceful and have ac
quired vast power with which to make
a bold defense. The public, therefore,
will have to realize that final results
cannot be reached in a day. If in a
year or two the government has
actually succeeded measurably in its
undertaking it will have done well and
be entitled to big credit.
Progressive Philanthropy.
The Bernard Nobel theory of philan
thropy, which rewards the forerunner
of the race before the laggard, la com
ing more and more into vogue. It is
well, for It places a premium on ex
cellence whose Influence quickens the
ambitions and stimulates the aspira
tions of all alike. Giving prizes to the
weak does not advance the strong or
strengthen the line. The vanguard
only can lead. The rearguard cannot
move forward except to follow.
Asylums for the unfortunate are all
right. It would be a cold, unfeeling
world that did not care for itselck and
weak. But all the laggards are not
sick and weak. There Is danger of
tappiug the vital spark of energy in a
race by overdoing philanthropy that
looks only to the benefit of the man,
behind. Bernard Nobel, the dynamite
maker, was the first to see this clearly
enough to make an example of it.
When he died his will disclosed five
bequests to leaders In as many domains
of activity. One was for the best In
vention or discovery in physics, one for
similar achievement In chemistry, one
In physiology or medicine, another to
the author of the "most distinguished
work of an idealist tendency," and the
last waa "to the person who shall have
most or best" promoted the cause of
world peace and the abolition of war.
Nobel died In 1896, but for some
years the legacy which he left to the
human race was neglected. Of late,
however. It la being put' to a practical
use and its Influence Is steadily spread
ing. Many other philanthropists have
become so deeply impressed by It that
they are not waiting until they die to
follow the example. -They are giving
millions for just such causes and the
rare is profiling mor than any man
can measure. Nobel saw, as Allen
Upward In "The New Word" put It.
that 'whatever waa inferred upon
genius was conferred upon all man
kind. Ho was not of those of whom
this author says, "It would seem as
though the Tanity of benevolence were
soothed by the sight of degradation,
but affronted by that of genius."
The thinker and the doer too long
went unrewarded, while even the crim
inal and the loafer bad their friends.
Progress waited aa a result. Great
movements were thereby retarded.
The man in the rear goes forward only
when the leader moves up. Drawing
the leader on brings np the whole line.
Tempt the best there is In the fore
runners and you have appealed In alm
llar fashion to the race at large and
given the poorest a fair opportunity.
Day of the Open Booki.
Secretary of the Treasury MacVeagh
suggests to the big corporations that
they open their books to the public
and cease the star chamber system of
doing business. He refers, of course,
to corporations whose stocks are
offered indiscriminately to the public
for buying and selling. This is not
new advice, but it is perfectly in ac
cord with good business sense, too, for,
as the secretary says, "anything that
will promote the confidence of the In
vesting public is a good thing for busi
ness institutions." Throwing the books
open to men who have money to in
vest, letting them see for themselves
just what they are buying, cannot help
but Increase confidence In the enter
prise. The secretary is right In asserting
that the day haa passed when semi
public corporations, or the men con
ducting them, may regard these in
terests as their own personal property
and withhold their transactions from
their stockholders. If they are the
private property of the few men in
charge of them,' then they had better
finance them on different lines. It
will not do to invite public Investments
and then tell the public it has no right
to an insight Into the system of han
dling these Investments. Of course,
there will be no change in the method
of financing, .The change must come
in the way Indicated by Secretary Mac
Veagh. The corporations must under
stand that they are the trustees of the
money of their stockholders and must
take the investors into full confidence
as to how they are run.
When Senator John M. Thurston
was the only republican member of
the senate from Nebraska he secured
three or four federal appointments for
which he was held personally responsi
ble. He made W. S. Summers United
States district attorney; he made
"Joe" Crow postmaster for Omaha,
and he made Cadet Taylor surveyor of
customs. When Senator Thurston's
term expired he decided that it was
not safe for him to stand for re
election, and when he went out of
office he concluded that it was better
for him to stay in Washington rather
than to return to Nebraska to live.
A down-eastern school board has
resoluted prohibiting the acceptance
of Christmas presents by their school
teachers because of the extravagance
engendered by competitive efforta of
the children to outdo one another.
This practice has not become quite so
bad here in Omaha, but it Is well to
remember that a good thing can be
overdone even in the Christmas gift
Our expectant new senator may as
congressman have a chance to put
himself on record on parcels post be
fore the present session ends. He la
said to have given Interested parties
written assurance that he would op
pose parcels post, but his newspaper
would indicate that he is holding him
self ready to Jump either way.
Of course, if Champ Clark and his
democratic friends would put in their
time this winter helping the repub
licans to enact wholesome legislation,
the country might be as well off as for
them to devote their energies to laying
plans for playing politics in the Sixty
second congress, which la still a year
So far as we know, Omaha has
never furnished a judge to the federal
bench. Although the bar here U am
ply supplied with high legal talent, it
haa heretofore been passed over in
favor of Falls City, Fremont and
Mr- Bryan's Commoner charges the
New York World with misrepresenting
him. If we recollect aright, Mr.
Bryan has laid the same charge
against other democratic newspapers,
so the World need not feel especially
In prating that the Lord will pre
vent the democratic party from making
a fool of Itself the Houston Post and
the Richmond Times-Dispatch should
remember that the Lord doea not often
see fit to perform miracles in this age.
"The great trusts," observes Mr.
Paul Morton, "should receive justice."
Well, if anything has been wrongfully
taken from them, perhaps it might bo
returned In the form of rebates.
Tet Content Jolted.
Washington Herald.
It Is hard to see how we can be placid
and sstlafied this Christmas time htn
here comes the secretary of war pointing
out that in the government hangar we
have only one aeroplane, one dirigible bal
loon and three captive balloons. Much
lau't This Tfnlf
lndlar.apolls News.
Poor old sugar tru-l! The sworn stale
meat It I. as filed with the secretary of
the trtasury knows that It operated at a
loss of fTTC.TM last year. Hut it may have
operated thus merely to escape the pay
ment of tba corporation tax. which It suo
ceeded In doing.
Knows When la (tall.
Wall Street Journal.
Having risen from the position of me
chanic at 15 per weed to the possession
of tXV.O. all through aviation. Louis Paul
han retires. An aviator who knows whin
to quit Is a rare bird.
None Better Than Met'hord.
bonis villa Courier-Journal.
The president made no mistake In eoni
Ing to Kentucky for a new Interstate Com
merce Commissioner. Indeed, he might
have searched the country over no doubt
ha did and could not have found a man
better qualified for the place than C. C.
JdcChord. This Is the assurance not
merely of the Courier-Journal or his
friends, but of his record, which places
him among tha foremost of authorities on
railway law and conditions.
Batterlaar Trad rnsteane.
New York World.
Tha Kansas congresaman who advocate
a pure-fabrlo law after the nature of tha
pur food law haa undertaken a crusade
for trade honesty which will require all the
energy at his command. A good many
revolutionary Ideas have come out of Kan
sas, but none more radical than that which
would compel the labelling of shoddy and
near-wool products by law. This Is a
form of insurgency menacing one of tha
nation's most sacred "trade customs."
Too Mora National Sentiment.
Baltimore American.
The Immigration commission in Its re
port recommends that Immigration be
treated more from an economlo than from
a sentimental standpoint ll requires a
Jar Ilka this to remind us that, after all,
tn spite of our love for business and our
adoration of the mighty dollar, that Amer
icana are really a sentimental nation, and
that sentimentality, strongly appealed to,
Is apt to run away with business sense.
An Eircatlre Square Deal.
Philadelphia Record (dem.).
No president of the United States since
George Washington, who knew no party,
every performed a more graceful political
act than this of President Taft In appoint
ing one democrat chief justice of the su
preme court and another democrat an asso
ciate Justice. The promptness and unanim
ity with which the senate confirmed tha
appointment of Chief Justice Edward
Douglas White attest the public approba
tion of this great non-partisan act.
Pr-enlnence of Nebraska Ilanter.
Philadelphia Ledger.
The story Is told that a Nebraska hunter
shot a wild goose and found, attached to
the neck of the bird by a copper wire, a
note from an Alaskan prospector telling
of a rich deposit of gold he had unearthed
up In the northern wilds. The prospector
felt htmaelf to be dying and generously
strove not to carry so precious a secret
with him. It may be supposed that he
caught the goose by putting salt on Its
Settling- Political Dlapntea In Cuba.
New York Tribune.
Down in Cuba they still have the duel
seriously aa an adjunct to politics. Two
members of the Insular house of represen
tatives attempted to settle some personal
and political difficulties on Friday by
shooting each other, both being fatally
wounded. That sort of referendum seems
a little crude nowadays. It has the great
disadvantage of not allowing two warring
politicians to get together subsequently
on the winning side of the same question.
Fifteen Millions More In the rile
Tban I.aat Year.
Cleveland Leader.
Dividends and Interest payments to the
security holders of great corporations In
the United States, will be about $UVOOO,000
more this month than the like distribution
of profits last December. The Increase Is
from 196,000.000 to 1110,000,000. The rate of
gain Is nearly 18 per cent.
In the year now ending the Interest and
dividend payments will reach the great
aggregate of tl,5K3.508,aO. The gain over
1909 Is about $1(56,782,000, which means more
than IS per cent.
These great sums. It should be under
stood, do not represent the Interest and
dividends paid by all of the corporations
In the United States. The figures given
cover only the larger and more conspicuous
companies, such as are known and reck
oned with In the stock exchangee. A vast
aggregate of dividends and Interest on
bonds Is distributed every year, to the
owners of the securities of a multitude of
other companies, smaller or less In evi
dence. There Is no doubt, In the light of such
facts, that the year has been profitable as
well for the farmers and millions of other
Americans. There has been little revision
downward of the returns from corporation
ln rstnents. In many cases there have
been changes In the opposite direction.
Famished Multitude SprnclnaT I'p for
the Spread.
Baltimore American.
One thousand hungry democrats are look
ing this way. They are reading the menu
prepared for their appetltea and doing
atunts In the party wood yard In order to
get up a voracity equivalent to the capacity
indicated by the food atatlsttcs of the Jack
aon day banquet. Colonel William A. Boy
km. chairman of the committee, presents
some commissary statistics that would stall
an army mule. Seven thousand oysters for
the 1,(" guests means six apiece and one
over, the surplus one doubtless being In
tended for the fellows who are ordinarily
political clams but will change their shell
fish proclivities under the permialon of
the greatest oratorical outburst of the de
cade. Why did not the committee omit soup'.'
There It la, Htaririg one In the fare. Oh
ye tureens and ladles, doleful potent do
ye convey! Soup souphouse! Tread the
soft pedal and look away from the soup.
Hus there eer been a democratic era
that did not have soup as Its symbol?
"'he presence of this Item causes tremors
to quiver the rplne of the tleclaimera for
the democratic band of prosperity.
Terrapin and cunvasback duck could
never have appeared in the fireat Com
moner dollar banquets of the age of des
pondency, when the only relief from the
sense of hard times was the eloquence of
the six teen-to-one leader of a forlorn hope.
It la not necessary to run through the Items
In order to perceive that here is to be the
greatest emancipation spread of recent
democratic history. It will emancipate the
starved appetite and causa the banqueters
to riot In mental Imageries for most of the
outlooks of the democracy come from the
slate of their feed. Hut It would be up
kiiul not to observe that the lean years of
the party have no mora whetted their au- j
petite than would have been the case under,
similar deprivation with their adversaries. I
Keeling well assured that their Jackson
day feaxt will be as hapless In Its political
outcome aa ome other historic banquets j
i of the party, the republican onlooker may
benevolently propose aa a toajl, ' l-t good
digeMlon wait upon appetite uiid health on
Washington Life
Some tntereetlnf Phases
and Conditions Obeerred
at the Station's Capital.
The moves which shaped the dcetlny of
Chief J net lie White, unexpectedly promot
ing him from the amnio to the supreme
bench, had their being In senatorial poli
tics and personal animosities during Cleve
land's second term. The story of his ap
pointment as associate Justice, aa told In
Washington at the time, waa peculiar. Mr.
White was then t'nlted States senator
from Louisiana and was strong for home
Industries and therefore particularly earn
est In advocating the sugar tariff In the
Wilson tariff bill which waa before the
senate. It was the Imposition of this sugar
tax, by the way, which was one of the
factors In that bill, that led Mr. Cleveland
to refuse to sign It and to use hia famous
phrase. "Party perfidy and party dis
honor." Whn the tariff bill was In the
senate, Senator White and the president
had a number of conferences, the senator
insisting upon tha sugar tax and the presi
dent opposing It. One day Senator White
got a message from the White House ask
ing him to call at once. He had neared.
he thought, the breaking point with the
president and he nerved himself up to
make the strongest and most vigorous arg
ument for the sugar tariff that he could.
He had felt that he was bound to stand by
his point, and he expected that ha and the
president would have a violent quarrel.
Groat was his surprise when the president
greeted him cordially and after a few min
utes' conversation on other topics asked
him to accept the appointment of associate
Justice of the supreme oourt. White was
taken aback entirely and was unable to re
ply for some time.
The names of Mr. Hornblower and
Wheeler II. Peckham, previously sent to
the senate, encountered opposition from
David B. Hill and William E. Chandler,
senators from New York and New Hamp
shire. Through their opposition the nom
ination of Mr. Hornblower was rejected.
It waa then that Chandler, in a speech,
said he did not believe "Mr. Cleveland
could name any man for the supreme
court whom the senate ought to con
firm." The very next morning Cleveland
nominated Senator White, whose unani
mous confirmation Instantly followed, be
yond the power either of Hill or Chandler
to prevent It. Mr. Cleveland's grim com
ment on Chandler then was: "I knew I
could pull out the sting of that nasty little
wasp and make him Jump." Tariff par
tisans asserted at the time that Mr. White
waa named to relieve the pressure on the
sugar schedule, but subsequent events
showed the selection was due more to
the challenge of Chandler and Hill than
any other Influence.
"The point waa raised yesterday In
Washington," sayr, the New York Sun,
"that the nomination of Mr. Justice White
for chief Justice of tile supreme oourt of
the United States and his confirmation as
such by the senate overlooked the legal
title of the offloe. This la, according to
section 673 of the revised statutes, 'chief
Justice of the United States,' not 'chief
Justice of the supreme court of the United
"Nevertheless we notice that by section
676 the chief Justice has for many years
been drawing his legal salary as "chief Jus
tice of. the supreme court of the United
States.' "
One of the rules of the Pension bureau
Is that no remarried widow of a war vet
eran may receive a pension If she were
not married to her first husband at the
time of his army service. The govern
ment holds that the only remarried widows
entitled to government aid are those who
stayed behind while their first husbands
went to the front for their country.
Some little time ago Senator Burton re
ceived an application from a woman who.
It appeared, had not married until several
years after the close of the war. The
senator had his secretary write a letter
setting forth the statute In such cases,
made and provided.
In a day or so he got an atiswer from
the woman reaffirming her claim for a
pension. "It is true," she said, "that we
were not married until after the war, but
I'll have you know fhat we ware engaged
before he went away to war. and if I'd
had my way, we would have been married
right then." And In proof of the fact that
they were engaged during the war, she
went ahead to relate the full circumstances
of the proposal, where they were sitting,
how they happened to delay getting mar
ried and all about It.
The first story to get In the Record
during the present session of congress was
told In the house in the course of the de
bate on an appropriation to reimburse the
state of Pennsylvania for money advanced
to care for federal, troops. Some of the
members from other states, headed by P.
P. Campbell of Kansas, fought the appro
priation and Congressman Campbell as
serted In the course of the debate that
Pennsylvania had been owing Uncle Sam
some money ever since 1830.
"The fact that the gentleman from Kan
sas," retorted one of the Pennsylvania
members, "goes back as far as IKiO for
facts with which to oppose this claim, sug
gests to me a little story.
"A man entered a restaurant and asked
tht waiter: 'What kind of soup have you
got Uday?'
" 'Ox-tall Boup,' answered the waiter.
" 'What kind of soup?" The man seemed
a bit credulous.
" i said ox-tall soup," the waiter re
plied. ' 'It strikes me that's going back pretty
far tor soup.' said the man, and he left."
Trade Worth ItrurlilnK I'nr.
St. Louis Republic.
Mr. Taft'a mestage told about an order
for two big battleships and a lot of naval
equipment placed by Argentina In the
United States and the dispatches ou the
same day told about the purchase of
$2,000,001) worth of railroad rolling slock
also In this country. A few nunc crimps
of that sort In Kuropean domination in
South American would make a notable
change In the trade statistics of that con
tinent. War's tftrnaath.
New York World.
The United States governmtnt since Its
foundation, has paid 4.u73.66,S70 In war
pensions. No wonder war is popular.
Beoember 11, 1910.
Kdwln M. Stanton, I'reldent Lincoln's
great war secretary, born December
. ISIS, at Sieuber.vlll. O., and died In
!). It wus'thiough an effort to remove
Staiiton from office that President Andrew
Johnson got into troubls that brought on
I. is Impeachment proceedings.
Henry C. Fil'k. great Heel inani is el.
He was born at Wet Overton. Pa., a-.d be
came aoclated with Andrew 'aim-fle
In the organisation of the steel industry,
which liaut Uituls them butb rich.
Our Birthday Book. J
Our Letter Box.
Contriaatloaa oa Timely Subjects
Hot Exoaedlng Two Xsndr4 Words
Are XBTited from Our Beaders.
The Shin Sabeldy Side.
To the Editor of The Pee: We are glad
to see that In your recent editorial. "Ship
Subsidy," you recognise that the New
York Journal of Commerce, whose marked
editorials against American shipping are
sent widely over the west. Is really op
posed not to the subsidy plan alone, but
to the possession of a merchant shipping
by America.
You remark that "We doubt If this senti
ment la quite representative over the coun
try, and yet It cornea from a source that
demands a serious hearing."
It may be well to say that the Journal
of Commerce la controlled by a family
of ICnglish birth uid close ICnglish sym
pathies snd affiliations, and that, more
over. Its support Is derived largely from
advertisements o( Kuropean steamship
lines which are bitterly opposed to Ameri
can shipping.
These are pertinent facts which the west
should understand. The Journal of Com
merce stands a'.most alone In commercial
circles on this jrstlon. The National As
soclatlun of Manufacturers, the National
Hoard of Trade, the American Tankers'
association and the gteat commercial
organisations generally. Including the
chamber of commerce of New York, have
indorsed legleUtlou like that commended
by FTesldint Taft and now pending In
congress. Btrlctly speaking, this Is not a
subsidy bill. It Is an ocean postal measure
providing adequate pay for aervlcc
rendered. Outside of a few states of the
Mlualsalppl valley, where maritime affairs
are imperfectly understood, thla legisla
tion has the united support of the busi
ness Interests of the country. The chief
opposition comes from the European ship
trusts and combinations.
In closing your editorial you say: "We
believe It Is possible to carry on a suo
cevnfut maritime trade without large
financial help from the government." Will
you not kindly indicate how this may be
done? J. U EVVKLL, Secretary
Merchant Marine Committee of One Hun
Spoetauralaur Elxhlblt of Fighting Bac
teria for Control of Human Body.
New York Herald.
One of the most Interesting and In
structive cinematograph shows ever wit
nessed. In the shape of a fierce battle be
tween an army of phagocytes and several
million sptrochata was given In London
the other evening by Dr. C. Levaditl of the
Pasteur Institute, Paris, before the Royal
Institute of Public Heolth.
The phagocytes which are the defenders
of the human body, were seen In the liv
ing pictures fighting against the spiro
chaets, which are the bacteria of a malig
nant disease. These cinematograph films,
which are said to be among the most mar
vellous ever shown, Illustrated the bac
terial warfare which takes place Inside
the human body, and excitement was ad
ded to the contest, owing to the fact that
the audience knew that victory for tha
aplrochaeta meant death to tha human vic
tim. in the first few pictures the phagocytes
had rather a bad time If It In their battle
with the Invaders, and, like a general
commanding his force, Dr. Levadltl
cried, "See! They weaken!" following
with his pointer the combatants appearing
on the screen, like weird creatures con
jured up In a nightmare. Again, still
more tragically as a phagocyte fell out
numbered before a force of horrid shaped
bacteria, he cried, "See! It Is dead!"
The defenders, however, put up a great
fight. Dead eplrochaeta lay all round
them, but still the phagocytes were being
gradually outnumbered and crushed, till
there were signs of reinforcements. The
doctor had come to their aid. In the
moment of victory the splrochaeta received
a check. With their vast numbers and
the variety of their attack such as sharp,
fang-like tonguee triey were to much for
the phagocytes alone, but with the ar
rival of medical aid to stimulate the guar
dians of the patent's body, they were de.
mollshed. Slowly St first, the wriggling
things wriggled less. They grew tired,
they weakened, they strove In vain to
release themselves from the grip of the re
viving phagocytes, they died.
This Is the sort of fight which Is going
on dally, explained Dr. iJivaditl, In the
bodies of human beings, the fierceness of
the fight depending on the malignity of
the opposing bacteria. From a cold in
the head upward the various human ail
ments entail a fight by the phaguoytes
In defense of their home.
Episodes In the History of the 8a
prenie Court.
Boston Transcript.
Former Chief Justice Nott of the United
States court of claims comes to the sup
port of President Taft by citing a prece
dent for the promotion of an associate
Justice of the aupreme court to the chief
Justiceship. In a letter to the Springfield
Republican Judge Nott cites the appoint
ment of Justice ('"shins to be chief Justice,
by Washington, aa the precedent. Cush
Ing was appointed and unanimously con
firmed. Judtie Nott continues:
"It Is related that on the day when this
occurred there was a large dinner party at
tho president's, and the new chief Justice
was one of the guests, though Ignorant of
his appointment. On entering the room,
Washington from the head of the table, di
recting his look to him. said in an em
phatic tone, 'The chief Justice of the
United States will please take his seat on
my right,' and that the Judge was much
affected at the announcement. His com
nission as chief Justice was mads out and!
. li ii k.i i. . t. i
ii-nt to him. He held It for about a week,
and then determined, on the ground of 111
health, to resign."
The appointment, confirmation and de
clination of I'ur-hlnK make up a singular
episode In the history of the supreme court.
It la matched, erhapa, by the misfortune
of John Itutledge, who was smitten with
a mortal malady while chief Justice. As
he had been appointed In the recess, there
was no way to remove him from the bem li
save by the senate rejecting his nomina
tion, which was clone. KutledKU had also
been an associate Justice, but thsre was an
Interval between bis service In that ca
pacity and hia appointment as chief Jus
tice. 'I hia la Uolnai Some.
Indianapolis News.
When a man can shoot through the air
at the rate of a mile and a half a minute
and keep It up for an hour, tha world
may be eccuaed for indulging in Die
fond dreams of future happenings. The
Atlantic ocean, at ita narrowest point, la
only about l.MM miles across. If an aver
age speed of lot) miles could be maintained
for this distance, the trip could be made
In about eli'hti-L-n hours. Because of the
long twilight at that latitude In midsum
mer, tha aviator, flying from east to wst
and starting at very early dawn, might
travel the whwle distance bv ulubtfall.
rrorLE talked about.
Happy la the man and woman who heedei
the modern Injunction. "lo your shopping
rnrlv." Theirs Is the hlnKlm of ease and
Chief Justice White plays the piano, bill
only for pleasure. He never allows him
self to he goxeined by cruel or vlmllvtlvt
From Pittsburg comes the repc-rt thai
a girl thief cauuht there with a quantity
of rich booty will not be punished, bei
victims being "too prominent to prose
cute her." Just what degree of promi
nence Is Indicated by thla la something fot
the society editors to figure out.
i A rich man's colony at the Fountain ol Youth will be started soon by
i Colonel Robert Amnion, well known lr
New York and rutsburg. Colonel Aminos
bought l.iio acres of land around the) sprlns
at the headquarters of the St. John I
river In Florida.
IT. Wllev, food expert and enthuslastlt
I rpi-m sleuth m uhoiit t,-, nurrr lWontlM?
he will continue to lay down rules for tin
guidance of cooks In general, but thert
will be one household In which the lel
he has to say about the cuisine, except li
praise, the better for him.
Discouraged over the fact that all cou
P'es, with one exception, whom lie had
Joined together In wedlock had been di
vorce!, David L. Coons, for several yeari
a Justice of the peace in Needham town
ship. Indiana, handed In his .resignation
yesterday. He says he was a "Jonah ol
With the filing of the will of Ueorg
Fox. a wealthy lawyer of Brooklyn, ll
became known that not only had Mr. Ko
left more than $;:i"0.(Ki) to public and charlt-
, ni,ie institutions, but that he also glvei
,').(.) to a woman servant who was em
ployed for thirty-five years In the Koi
Captain Hob Bartlett of Arctic fame, snd
Harry Whitney, Arctic hunter, are to maki
a try for the South pole. An Kngllah ex
pedition Is now headed that way and a
party of Japaneso explorers are booked
for the southern Ice fields. A third part
should make the chase hot enough to melt
a few hummocks on the way.
Some fifty known and several unknowt
Kansas City men financed a smooth pro
moter from London In a mining ventur
that promised oodles of money In dlvi
denda. In eight years tha bunch put ui
piOO.000 In real money. All they have It
show for It are several holes tn the ground
in Arlsona and receipts enough to decorati
tha billboards of the town.
In the will of Frans Uotor, a riot
bachelor, who died recently at Varadln
Austria, Botor explains that hs nevei
married because modern women are uttarlj
Ignorant of the principles of cooking-. H
leaves his entire fortune te the muni
clpollty for the purpose of establlshlnl
a cooking school In order that youni
girls may be taught to prepare food In s
civilised manner.
"How did Santa C'laus get the reputatlot
of being a myth and a fakerV" asked oni
small boy.
"I don t know," replied the other, "unlesi
it waa by getting mixed up with a lo
of those North pole stories." Washingtot
"How time flies!'' exolalmed Mlas Thutty
fore. "It doesn't seem possible that font
whole years have passed since we had thi
'Streets of Parla' here."
"Surely It can t be ao long ago as that,'
said Mr. Hatchler. .
"It Is, though; I remember It becaust
that was when you first began to call at
our house." Chicago Tribune.
Daughter There Is opp thing X would nor
like In business life.- '
Father What is thai?
Daughter Sealed proposals. Baltlmon
"So you are going to retire from con
grea," said the conatitutent.
"My friend," replied Senator Sorghum
"I leave con ureas, but I will not retire
On the contrary, I'm coming back anc
wake up the neighborhood." Waahlngtor
Uncle Kara How's your daughter doini
In business college?
Uncle fcben Fine. -.She can't spell verj
good, and she ain't very fat on the type
writer, but I tell you. she's keerful. Wher
she gets through writing a letter on tha'
machine every "1" Is dotted and every "f
la crossed Puck.
"O, mamma, look!" said Tommy. "Haby'i
grabbed a piece of raw bacon, and la tryln
to swallow It!"
"Save It!" hastily exclaimed the fathei
of the family, "ler meant the baby, ol
course, Marlu," he added a moment later
"Why are you looking at me In that hut'
rifled way?" Chicago Tribune,
"Mamma, who is 'at funny manf
"That, my child, la a policeman."
"Why does he frow out his tummy?"
"Hush, child! He thinks that Is bit
chest." Judge. . ,
"Yes, he's got together a lot of old bric-a-brac
of a very curious sort. Amuni
other things he showed me yesterday was i
"Cutter? What's a cutter?"
"Kit! Why, a cutter Is a a sort of sleigh
Do you know what a 'bob' la?"
"No, I don't."
"Well, a cutter ia a fancy bob." Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
Paul West in New York World.
And now who gets his meed of praise?
Who is It labors all tils days?
Who al-vavs has to plnh and strive
To keep the family alive.
And sheds his hair at thirty-five?
Who always home his wages brines?
Who sees them flit for clothes and things
Who sees them go for food and rtnt,
And never gets himself a cent
lOxcept when he's already spent?
Whose hats two dollars cost, no more?
Who sees his w fe blow in a score?
Who haa to wear a eaw-tooth.-d shirt.
Ana collars whlrh his thorax hurt
ro ma can have her hobble skirt?
Who goes to bed a weary wreck?
Who pulls the bedc!othes round his neokt
Who then Is foit-ed, thoiiKh he may
To rise and tiptoe oowu the sl.i.r
To aeo il' "there m h burglar there?"
Who seee the cuK of living toai ?
Who says. "Well soon we'll eat no more?"
Who. when the month's first day comes
Half bur ed to his ears la found
In bills that causa him woe profound ?
Kut who la happv all the while?
Who only asks a pleasant smile?
Who only seeks the s mple bliss
Of welcome hug and loving kln.
And hatea such patronage aa this?
Notice to Corporations.
Publish your notice of Indebtedness
In The Hensun Times, a legal medium
which answers leal purposes without
undue puhllcltv. t'ot oiilv II. Stock
holders. For your own protection Insist
that thevu notices he published annually.
For further particulars, blanks, etc, tele
phone Houglsa 2161. or call at the Omaha
office of the iiiutwu Times, sWult)
lUl bL