Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 20, 1910, HALF-TONE, Page 2, Image 20
Subjects of Kaiser Wilhelm Have Captured Jerusalem i '' 'tW-'i ' :' ' j - ' , -,- ; .-' j t . ri pP"v - ' - . - , II in, . , . y- . i , - N , s- - I f ' -Va AV"' V.- v ' s k v i i ) ' v v ' 11 n i 1 lit ; f f I ''MHI,,M(MIBI,,BIM I ij ' '' V- ' r 1: v - . ' ; i v .' J 9 4. S . .'II.,' TV f? T .l 1 . .. .. - , - r . I . - ; : H '-.... ,-.. '... Vmm m. 4 , ' ' 6,S, JrvlAWV " -v.- : f - ' ! 1 - !! ' ' : t- "' I.B .11 I . II. II. i t . "'i. . I y '' i, i i ...ill ' ' '! -w.- , tffi in (Copyright, 1910, by l'rauk (J. Carpenter.) JERUSALEM The Germans are gobbling the Holy Land. I uso the word "gobble-' advisedly. It means "to swallow In large pieces, to swallow hastily, to seize upon with greed and to appro priate granpinsly." That Is what the Century dictionary says, anc that is what the German arc doing. They have established colonies In the rich est parts of the country and are shipping in emigrants. They own the best lands about Jaffa. Haifa and Mount Carmel. and they have vineyards on the nhores of Gal ilee. I shall describe some of their colonies before I leave Palestine and shall show you bow they arc work ing this land of the Lord for Germany's good. Tiiey associate faith with their work and are laying up treasures In heaven at the same time as on earth. Built by the Empress. Uight here in Jerusulem. under the very shadow of the Holy Sepulehcr, a great German church has been built. For the last eight or nine years the ma sons have been working on another church situated ou Mount Zlon beyond the tower of David; and across too valley of Kedron. on the ridge known as the Mount of Olives, a great limestone hoppice is going up over w hlch the German flag floats. This will be a resting place for such Germans as are traveling through the holy land and want to stay a week or so at Jerusalem. It Is being erected in honor of the empress of Germany and is known as the Km ' press Augusta Sanitarium. Tho money with which the site was bought and some of that used for the building was a silver wedding present to the empress. It was known that she greatly loved Palestine and her friends planned this memorial as a silver wedding gift. The nosplce will have a chapel connected with it, and eminent Germans will preach there. It is beau tifully located, being situated on Mount Scopus, which is really a part of the Mount of Olives. It Is several hundred feet above Jerusalem, and standing upon its roof on a bright day one can look across the hills of Judea and see the silvery thread of the Jordan and the shining Dead sea, with the blue mountains of Moab beyond. He Took Our Cemetery. The kaiser is no respecter of persons, either living or dead. Tho spot on which ho is building bis big church on Mount Zion was purchased by him of Sultan Abdul Hamld when he visited him in Constantinople. . He went there on his way to the Holy Land and while hobnobbing with the sultan got him to sell him this tract for $2 4,001). The land, however, was not large enough and it adjoined the American cemetery. The Germans bought this, the Americans here claim, in an underhand way, at a cost of $10,000 additional. They bad the bodies removed and when I visited the place recently' I found the graveyard covered with building materials. Thero were lime barrels in some of the holes and the sites of many of the tombs were covered, with bricks. In digging up the cemetery a bouse was excavated which some say was used by the Virgin Mary at the time of the crucifixion. The tomb of Dartd is also supposed to be near there and the spot Is considered especially holy. The kaiser has given the land to the Roman Catholics of his country and the church is to be under the order of the Benedic tines. The German church Inside the city U owned by 'the Lutherans. There is a German colony outside Jerusalem on the way to Bethlehem, the church of which la said to stand on the site, of the house of Sim eon, who recognized the infant Jesus as the Messiah. A title further on is a leper hospital, also run by the Germans. v Kaiser Wilhelm at Jerusalem. Ths emperor of Germany wheu be made bis trip through the Holy Land created as great an excitement as Theodore Koosevelt when he cavorted through Eu rope. I have had a talk with the man w ho had charge of the Imperial excursiou. He was connected with Cook & Son and acted as its dragoman. He tells me that Kaiser Wilhelm aud the empress slatted in at Beirut and crossed the mountains of Lebanon to Baal bec and Damascus. They then returned to Beirut and took ship down the coast, past Tyro and Sldou, to the Bay of Acre. Here horses were waiting for them and they rode down around the slopes of Mount Carmel, over the plains of Sharon to Jaffa and thence up the hills of Judea to Jerusalem. There were about a thousand in the party and it required 1,250 mules aud horses to carry them and their baggage. The em peror himself had a staff of 120, who ate at his own tables, and there were in addition 140 naval and mili tary officers outside. The empress had her laldes-in-w ailing with her and there were 173 high Turks and officials supplied by the sultan as a special escort. The emperor's tour was so arranged that he had four camps, and he slept in a different 'tamp every night and had a new one for each meal. Although the Journey was made in October, the weather was hot and the chief trouble was to supply the expedition with water. Some died of tbim. and between Haifa and JaCa six horses dropped dead of sunstroke. It was so hot that the trip to the Dead sea and the Jordan was uot attempted, but the em peror went to Bethlehem and other places near here He remained seven days at Jerusalem and during (bat time co.ifcummaied his purchases of Und. Much tit ttiia Geruiau moveiucut u aL.i-i. K JIoSFIC 270W tSUIZDINQ OW TILS MxjZTT OF OZIVKS includes churches, hospitals ana schools, many of which are now run with Germau funds. At the same time a great deal is commercial aud planned to give Germany tho commerce and trade of the country. The immigration is backed by bit; syndicates, including financiers, military officers, manufacturers, princes and even the kaiser himself. Every town has Its German merchant, and the colonies arc t-o scattered that in case the Turkish empire ever breaks up it wHl not bo difficult for Germany to claim the Holy Land as its ow n. ' One of the chief factors of the movement Just now is a German tourist agency which' is contesting w ith Thomas Cook & Sou for the travel which comes here every year from all parts of the world. This tourist agency has established Its own hotels at Jaffa, Jerusa lem and Haifa, and has Its own guides, dragomen, horses and carriages. Its men thoroughly understand the country and they have established such relations with the Bedouin tribes that they can take parties anywhere. They are repairing the roads and are makiug such arrangements that one can now go through many hitherto Inaccessible parts of the coun try by carriage. Indeed, the Germans have started a new roads movement In the Holy Land. The first attempt was made when the kaiser went from Jaffa to Jerusalem. The sultan had the highway repaired aud when the Germans traveled over It It was watered for the first time in its history, being sprinkled from skin bags carried on the shoulders of women and girls and filled at the springs, wells and cisterns near by. An even greater Invasion of the Holy Land than that of the Germans Is that of the Rusians. This oc curs every year, and It goes on all the time. It Is, however, a spirtual invasion, and there is nothing commercial about it. The Russians come here by the 50,000 and 60,000 a year. They are brought in by the shipload at Easter time and during the whole spring companies of pilgrims can be seen going about on foot from shrine to shrine over Palestine. The Russians of the Holy Land. Many of the pilgrims land at Haifa, the most northern port of the country. From there they make their way on foot over the mountains of Galilee, stop ping at Nazareth and then going on to Tiberius. They stop and pray at every hoiy spot and often kiss the ground where they think Jesus or the saints have trod. From th Sea of Galileo they make their way back to Nazareth, and thence go across the plain of Esdraelou and through Samaria to Jerusalem. I have seen thou sands of them at Bethlehem aud have met them tramping the weary road to the Dead sea and the Jordan. These Russians belong to the Greek church, which owus the most of the monasteries and convents of this country, and which has, all told, property amounting to millions, including some of the best real estate in Jerusalem. The most of this property, however, be longs to Greek Catholics, who are not Russians, and the Russian church seems to be an institution of its own kind. It has a great hospice outside the walls of Jerusalem and also a magniflcient church on the top of the Mount of Olives. It has similar Institutions elsewhere and is a live factor in the religious condi tion of the Holy Land. A Hotel Which Sleeps Ten Thousand. The Russians have here what is perhaps the largest hotel of the world. It can bleep 10,000 at a time and in additiou has buildings for families. It is known as the Rusbian Hospice and It lies at the west outside Jerusalem proper. It covers a space of ten acres or more and has a high wall at'out it. Entering tbe giuea of this bodice, one finds him self surrounded by Russians and Russian scenes. It is a slice of the land of the czar dropped down in Judea and there is nothing Syrian in sight. The men dress in caps, long coats and trousers, the last being tucked into high boots. They are long-bearded, long haired and fair-faced. There are many red beads amoP'g them and none teems to know of the razor. The women are clad in coarse gow ns w hich eud at six inches or more from the ankle. They wear boots or btrsw shot, and in tho latter cate their les ie v lupiieU fci'uund wii'i i liih wl. leu U.ke the U.b of tviktuc. 'i 1 l,jie tiaua,'i li i?l IUiJ alul tbeir heat! 3 and their teatures are usually as hard aud rough as those of tho men. But suppose we go into the woman's quartos of this mighty hotel. Tho building is cut tip into eave- liko vaults, which run from one sldo of It to the other. These vaults are lighted at the ends and, standing in a central hall, it seems as though the windows were at least 200 feet distant. Each vault is eight feet wide and fifteen feet high and it is filled from end to end with rough beds of pine boards. Upon the boards is straw matting,' and a space six feet square forms the bed and home of each woman. At the buck of this she piles up her 'bread, tea and other . belongings, which she has brought with her from Russia. Sho sleeps stretched out on the boards on the front In the clothing she wears in the daytime. . ' The quarters devoted to the men are of similar na ture and those to the families differ only in that the Bpace for each holding is larger. Bring Bread From Russia. These pilgrims bring their bread and tea with them from Russia. In addition to this they have a few vegetables which they buy of the natives. They cook with"bll stoves. When on the march each car ries some bread along with her and a pan out of which she thinks and in which she makes tea. ,t 1 h v I: ( t j. AnESLCar CehEXERY WHICH THE AISEM 1XOK, CLeA VZS, COKHSED WZZZf OZUimE&EUiLLU. " I I i. --HI Ik ' i j i a IB am In pome parts or the inclosure we can see families at their meals. Tbe men, women and children sit on the ground around a pot of soup. Each has his own piece of bread and a spoon which ho uses to dip up the soup and carry it to his mouth. They wash their own clothes, using dislipans as tubs. The tubs are as big as a bicycle wheel und four inches deep. The wash ing is done with cold water, which is free in the hos pice, but which outside would cost 2 cents a gallon. Pious People. These Russian pilgrims are very religious. ' They are mostly poor and many have been saving a lifetime In order that they might make this tour to the Holy Land. They undergo all sorts of hardships and spend their time In fasting and prayer. They have a church Inside the hospice and services are held there twice a day. I have attended the church several times, it is always full of people standing or kneeling. They cross themselvea again and again as the service goes on, and now and then get down and bow their heads to the floor. There are similar services in the other Henry H. Rogers Financed Mark Twain- In addition to other things far more precious, in cluding the world-wide bequest of his writings, Mark Twain left a personal fortune of $000,000 and some loose change. How he managed to do it is a problem concerning which some Interesting surmises have been made. The early struggles of the great humorist, his rise, to affluence and the total loss of all that he had in the failure of a book concern In which ho was a partner is a well known story, as is also the brave renewal of the fight and Iho lifting of the enormous debt which lay upon him and which he could have legally evaded. In this latter circumstance there is a close parallel be tween his experiences and those of Sir Walter Scott, who, also, through tho genius of his untiring hand, overcame a great financial obligation. That Mark Twain should have tbuu succeeded in meeting his liabilities, and afterward have made large earnings, is a matter about which there is no dispute, since no American writer was more highly paid than he; but that he should have been able to keep it is the surprising fact. Finance was confessedly his weak point. Ho was usually too busy shining in more con genial haunts to trouble himself .about electrifying "Wall street. Even had his desires turned in that di rection, It is hardly probable that one who never knew exactly wheu to put his overcoat on or take his over shoes off could recognize the critical moment for pull ing off a great financial coup. ' All of which gives force to the general belief that Henry II. Rogers, an unequaled financial genius and bis personal friend, looked after Mark's material welfare and conserved tho fortune which he was capable of making but not of keeping. Tho fondness of these two for each other spoke well for both. It would have been Impossible for Mark Twain to love any man, unless, first of all, ho was a man; after that, nothing else mattered much. And that Rogers should have returned the affection in full shows that his soul was not to be found only where his money lay. The ont with his gloriously whimsical outlook upon life, the other with his un equaled practicality of vision. Twain and Rogers were apparently as far removed as the poles. Yet there must have been a common plane of thought and perception that they reached together. In this day, when tbe whole trend is toward the formation of specialized groups and classes, each view ing the other with suspicion and even with contempt, it is pleasant to reflect upon this bond of a common fellowship binding together as man !.nd brother two characters remarkably diverse in so many features of their calling and nature. Washington Time;,. Story of Christopher and Rosa We invite you to turn for a moment you enjoy stories from the 350-page $1.50 novel which "turns out badly" or which carries you to a happy termina tion only after you have pursued a breathless course with floods and panics and runaways in the air, and a heroine with a "shell-like ear" and a hero "with a face suggesting the features of an ancient coin" as your constant companions. We wish to repeat hue the btoiy of Chrisiopher Rust and Rosa Kuhu, as it has been related in the news columns, says the St. Louis Times. Christopher is OS and Roa i 02. but they have just been married, and the prospect for their happi ness is bright. They have known each other half a century, dur ing which lime they have lived in southern Iliinolj. lu their youth they were married -each to another individual. But iu the course of time Christopher's wife died and Ro.-a's buabawd died. too. Christopher's chil tjieu maiiltd Ld had tuildieu ui ili-ii- ov.u. and so they could not be expected to take the liveliest kind of an Interest in their father, when lie was left a widower. So were Rosa's children married, aud they, too. had children; and they had many interests In their lives when Rosa longed for companionship. And so Christopher aud Rosa, both of whom were lonely, decided to be. married. Here is where the story becomes strikingly novel. The children we have mentioned did not'rubh into court to prove tlut their parents were of unsound mind. They smiled happily at the culmination of a proper and suitable romance, and attended the wed ding they and their children and offered congratu lations, and we have no doubt brought love and present. We confide this story of great Improvement on I he Invented kind: and if the reader complains that i; iii uot exciting we can only juote an old poem in defeuae of the prosaic: We can t all lie- and Heal, and get druuW And run off with other men's wives. Greek churches. I attended one on the Mount of Olives,' where the reading of the Scriptures and tho singing were done by Russian i.uns dressed in black with stovepipe hats without brims crowning their heads. The hats end in a capo or veil which falls down the back. The faces of tho nuns were bare aud spiritual-looking. Their singing was exceedingly sweet and the service impressive. The pilgrims who listened now and then knelt and kissed the bare floor. The American Colony. There have been several American colonics in the Holy Land, but the only one that has made any Im pression or lasted for any length of time is that known as the Spaffordite. This was founded about thirty years ago by Dr. and Mrs. Spafford, who belonged to a Presbyterian church in Chicago. They left th church and came to Jerusalem, saying they Intended to devote their wealth and their lives in working for Christ in the Holy Land. They persuaded fourteen adults and five children to come with them, and to gether founded a colony which has lasted until now. That was in 1881. Today the colony has U0 members,' brought hero from all parts 'of the union. There are a number from New England, some from the south, several from Kansas and Nebraska and quite a delegation from Philadelphia and Chicago. I have talked with them about their beliefs. They say they are Christians and that they believe In tbe Bible as It is written. They take the Golden Rule as their motto and try to live up to it. They have no bobbles and their Christianity is a practical working one. I asked as to the charge that they do not believe in the marriage tie and waj told that this la not so. They do believe in marriages when both husband and wife are believers. I find the community is made up of families and am told its social morality Is high. Ths Bociety has had numerous deaths since Its organiza tion, but it has been Increased from time to time by people who have come here to study the Bible and to lead holy lives among the holy places. An American Store. This colony lives together as a community and its members hold all things in common.l At first they threw their money into a common fund and lived with out working. They found, however, that this was soon spent and of late years they havo established a business of their own and are now self-supporting. They have their own house outside tho walls, where they live very comfortably, eating at a common table with worship morning and evening. They frequently take Americans in as paying guests, charging them less tham they w ould have to pay at the hotel for much better quarters. They also havo a bakery from which they sell bread and cake; a shoe shop and an art school, where girls are taught paintlug and drawing. They have factories in which they make desks, boxes and other beautiful things of olive wood, and a weav ing establishment where cloths of wool and linen are made. It is now about ten years since they t stablinhed what is known as the American store. This 1.4 near the Jaffa gate inside Jerusalem and right on tbe way from that gate to the Church of the Holy1 Sepukher. Jt Is under the New Hotel. This store is about the only one-price establish ment in (he Holy Land. In all other places three times what is expected Is asked and one has to dicker and bargain and In-at down the merchants. In the Ameiirau store one can buy photograph and slide of the Holy Land, brass work from Damascus, rugs from Persia and Turkey and anything of a curio nature made lu the country. During my stay in J rusalem I have several times visited the colony and have been delighted with th peace, quiet and brotherly love which stem to prevail. Its membeia are veil LVed and intelligent; and as far as I can s.je they believe what they profess. An ln tfies.ing feature is their grace before meals. This is always sung at the table, the members and strangers u,,i,i"- FUANK G. CARPENTER.