Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 30, 1910)
ow the Israelites Are Today Retaking the Holy City
-4 ' "... i ? I I I, I'tfi"! , .-. -J-v- -JS- 4 i ,) If i i . I- .4 '
I ' ' i . J i ' " .' 1 Srr V, li J II If f
, A Jerusalem Rabbi
f.r ii.iu,.'i,r,,n i.-ui :ai nrrr-
Mliniidfiici' il' Tin' !!
Ji-wx arc rapiilly u;iilii-; into
thch own. Tfils Imly 1 1 nnw
I'diiliilus more tliiui W.iX'j of
thPin. ami tlu'.v fin in mk
two-thlrlM of Us t hole til:i t i on . 1'v i
rifiv coiiHtitnllon uf Turkey tiny liuve n
iiulieil the lislit to own land in Titlo-stiii.-,
ml tiny can come anil so u they ihise.
This lius nut luiii the case until now.
Jewish Immigration has been )irohlblte.l,
and Kui'h Jewn us boiiK'it leal estate lm e
had to lurrhase and, hold it under other
names. This wan fi not only here, hut
all over the country. Hut. 'notwlthstand
lnff tliev aecptired la:id. and I am told that
rome of the bent farmlnx properties of the
plains rf Sharon, ure In their lands, and
that thy own the mom valuable business
ulten of Jerusalem. The new constitution
liives them other i.i'iVHntiij.'e., and It J
probable that they will rapidly tnereiise In
number and wealth.
t5 ERU5AL II T"I CHII,UKI',N
Jr uf Hie Holy l.uod
The Jews of I'ule.tlne are not like those
of America. They have a, costume of their
own. und come from so ninny different
localities thut it in not alwais possible
to tell who they are. Amoim I hem are
1'ernlans. Spaniards, Kusstans, lloheiuians.
l'ole and Hermans. There are many Al
gerians and Moors, and 1 have seen some
from Abyssinia and Knypt.
They Hpeak forty ' differenl l.iiu:ii!im-s.
und thero aro many wlumi Hie others can
not understand. In the main there are
Just threw dil'l'ermt classes. First Is the
Ashkenazium, made up of Jews from llus
sia, I'oland, Austria and (xcrmuny. These
IH'ople aro much like the lower class Jews
of America, nnd their common luiiKuatie
Is Yiddish. Tho Becond class is of the
Sephardim. Tliy ure Spatdsh Jews, de
cendent of those who came here cen
turies ago. These Jews speak a mixture
of Suanlsh and Jewish. The third class is
the eastern Jews, made up of Israelites
from Syria, l'crsla. Arabia auct central
Am, 'they speak Arabic und look" ml li
Auirrk'Nu lltiKeuhi 1 luiik fur l-'rauil
As to the Aiuerii-ait Jews, they are ctn
JiHiatlvetV few, and it is seldom that you
meat one that lias been born in America.
Those who claim to be sui li are chieflv
nil liven, who have koiio to the I'nited
CSlatea to j;et their naiuraliziition papers,
and then return hero to live. Many of the
latter are frauds, and our consul believes
that aoniu uf them have doukM their natu
IttiiKaUon pupils; and have ne. r been out
of the couiitr, American citizenship Is a
valuable La.lKf of protection In tio lands
of tue suliun; and for this reason naiurali
latlou pa-pers have lMen sold by returned
Jewn who have aaln left this countiy.
bald our consul to mc:
"Our cltliscnship has been used to cariy
inN!rauds. When 1' first came here 1
found It serving as a cloak lor crime.
One man, who claimed to be an Auiernan,
vaa acting as receiver of stolen entile,
and selling them opTTly. lie carried on a
big business, and although the ot;iials
were aware of his criminal pruclh es they
could Dot ari-eet lilm. This w as so becau-e
tf a difference between our k"V eminent
and that of Turkey.
"The treallTO provide thai the offenses of
Americans against Turks may be punlslxd
only by the American consul, ami we con
tend that this gave us the rU'.it of trial in
sin It eases. The Turkish Kovcrumcut ion
tended that all such oifeudors mum l'
tiled in the Turkish courts, and as neither
government would Kive In it was iiniHii-Mble
to convict a nd punish without lirlnging
xbout International compllcuUutis. As soon
us 1 came I decided to stop It. and told the
mail I would arrest and convict hi m by
means of American witnesses. The result
was that lie dl.l net wuit for trial, and
kkipprd out of the countiy."
A I'liina Kacv.
As far as I van ham the Aineaican
Israelite does not Maud I l!i among Ins
fellows of Jerusalem. The most of the
Jpn here pride themselves on their piety.
They think themselves aixive the Jew who
lias suffered Img contamination by mixing
with forelgnei and they esivlaiiy de.-ptse
the Ameiicin. Meeting one on the street
thry may rlsp Mm on the Momach und
uoeilUKlv ask how much pork I ale when
lie was ti tl'e Fnlted States. In this I
refer to the fanatics, who am composed
more tpecially of the Spaniards and the
members of the Asakeiiaiiie. These people
hav e Inner circles of yi:t- ions aristocrats,
tome of whom are suppo.-.d to have luMio
powers of LeaUutf. Ainng them ;ut iu..y
men of education and culture, men who
l:t ow the 1 ihle fn in heulnnliif? to rfl, nnd
who speak : rveuil launuaaes. One ran tell
nothing of the .If i usalein Jew by his dress,
for a dirtj. rutted old man is often a
I miiii llulr and Itellaliin.
And still the dress here Is about the
same among all chissi-s of the Israelites.
The boys and men wear coats without
belts, which reach from the neck to the
feet. Thev are full, and are slightly open
lit the fifint. showing gowns under them.
Many of the Spanish Jews wear black tur
bans or velvet caps, with a wide fringe of
fur outside. Some weHr broad-brimmed
felt hats, which come far down over the
forehead, halt hiding the ears. They do
not shave, and a long beard is a sign of
wisdom, dignity and piety. They wear the
lutir long, and each has a long; curly lock
on each nidi" of Ids face, J- front of the
ears. These locks often reach down to the
breast, and are allowed to grow, according
to a saying in the scHpttires. which states;
"Thou must not mar the coiners of thy
Many of the Jews never cut the hair
In front of the ears for fear of touching
the hard. and I see boys Willi the rest
of their head shaved and these two ear
These Jerusalem Jews have fine faces.
Many of them have high foreheads, strong
noses and mouths and beautiful eyes. Some
are fair and others have olive complexions.
Their hair Is of all colors from jet black
to blonde and fiery red. and there are
ninny old nun with beards of silver.
A .iimI I'lnee to Dir.
Indeed, the most of the Jews of the
Holy City are old men and old women,
many of whom have como here to die.
Jerusalem is to the Jews what Henares
is to the Hindoo. They hold a superstition
that this city Is on the direct road to
licavari and that they must come here in
order to attain the latter place. 1 am
told that many of the Jews of this city
believe that if they should die :n oilier
lands they wiil be dragged under the
arth through the 'globe to the Mount of
olives, where the resurrection Is to take
place. There Is a Jewish cemetery on the
side of that mountMin which contains
thousands of tombs, and it is there that
thu Jews are laid away. It Is said that
soil from that spot is sent all over the
world In order thai It may be put In Jew
ish coffins. Not a few of the old men who
live lane have left their businesses to
come. Some have given their foreiun es
tates to their sons and relatives, and re
ceive allowances from them. Xot long ago
one Mich came to the American consul nnd
ealil he would like lo linve some money to
found a synagogue In Jerusalem. He
looked dirty nnd ragged, and the consul '
asked what he bad to leave. Me replied
that he owned under other names six good
lioiises In Jerusalem nnd that the money
from these had been saved out of an al
low :mi' of a thousand dollars u year
wlneh his sons in New York had been
si ndlng him.
Hm (he .lews ktri tlie albatb
The Jews of Jerusalem ale far more par
ticular a- to the observance of tlnir relig
ion than ure the Jews of America. There
:ir more than synagogues in this cltv,
and In all of these wor.-lilp Is held. I ha-Tif
intended many of the sor hv and find
i he churches usually full. The lio n read
Hebrew i'.lotid. They come In tlnir best
i lotliin, and some of the old men are gor
geous in rich gowns of velvet and silk.
Tl,e SabbHh I ere I entns Friday night,
and it iloi s not . nd till i; o'clock Saturday.
The beginning I- just as roon as the stars
can be. seen Friday, afte - vv htcli i;o work
of any kind mnt be ilnie. Neither fire
nor la n 1 1 may be lighted, and the most of
pe. pi,, light their lumps bit'oie the dai k
ionics and hire tieiitiles to come in at bed
time to blow tliem out The meals for the
Sahhalli aie all cooked beforehand, aiitr If
tlore aie any hot dishes tne must lie
cuuke 1 by the gentiles.
The orlli. dox Jew will not carry a bin'ket.
an umbrella ir evtn a baby on the Sabbath
day. ,T have jut lieaid of a hoy who was
given a new .-all of clothes Sataiday. his
..iUi.il l . ! . Tin' ill w.'s made by one of
the Ai.iei i an i olonv outside the walls,
and tint people there watched to see how
the lo- could ki-ep li ik religion and still
carry them home. He pondered soiim
time, and finally put the cloth. on and
wore them, ihu cscuHng the sin of carry
ing tl em on CkI ledy duy.
SjSLuklli, vf cooking, the Jews lieia
SIS J If
.'J.-..: .r I
Arabian 3ew '
so particular that all their meat should bs
killed and dressed nrpnrdln? to their re
ligion that they have a slaughter house of
their own. Indeed, they kill all the cattle of
Jerusalem, serving the Gentiles free of
(barge, in order that there may be no
danger of sinning by eating animals Im
properly killed. The city abattoirs are on
the road to Jericho across the valley of
Jehosophat, on the southern slope of the
Mount of Olives. The cuttle and sheep are
brought there and passed upon by the
Jewish rabbis. They are then killed and
skinned according to ty-e r.-frnlatlons. and
the meat Is stamped by the rabbis before
it can be e-.pi sc.l for : ale In the city. A
special stamp is placed on all that supplied
to I he Jews, und such meat, strange to say,
brings nboiit twice as much per pound as
that sold to the llentiles.
If the meat Is good lo eat it is known
as kosher. If not killed according to ihe
regulations, it is called taiif. and no Jew
will touch it. The killing is done by the
rabbinical butrher, who cuts tha animal's
throat with one stroke of the knife, going
just deep enough not to touch the bones.
The regulation provides not only that
the meal must be healthy, bin that no
hone must be scratched, cut or broken,
and If the butcher's knife slips and cuts
off a bit of bone, even though It be no
thicker than a sheet of this paper, the
whole carcass is regarded as had and as
fit only for the Gentiles. The Jews eat
cattle and sheep, but they will not touch
tho meat of pigs or game. Said one of
thf rertrr"n nt Palestine to me:
"If the Jews ate game they wouol clean
out our paitirdges and other birds in a
kcason. Hut as It is there Is always good
-Most of the Jews here will not eat the
hindipiarters of any animal, and the hind
legs and loins are sold to the Gentiles.
Tiie Spanish Jews say those who eat pork
will be dammed, but they get around
eating iump stPak by pulling out the wlilte
sinews or scraping off the red particles
of the meat and making what we know
as Salisbury steaks from them.
In die Jenlnh Uuarter.
The Jewish quarter of Jerusalem Is con
fined to the southeastern section of the
city. It is near the great platform on
which Solomon's temple stood and inside
the Dung gate. It is a dirty, squalid, poverty-stricken
section, and is Inhabited
chiefly by beggars. A large part of the
Jews here are mendicants, who live on
the alms, sent in by Jews from outside.
At fixed hours of the day bread is given
away at certain places ami the ieople
come for it in crowds. There me funds
which are supplied at regular Intervals to
those who need them, and much of the
population 's supported this way. They
might be called educated paupers, for It
is their chief business to live without
working. Many of these people are des
perately poor. I visited a number of the
Selections From the Story Tellers' Pack
lie llore It (.rlnnliia.
ATTAIN KKXIUbU the cai-
""S 1 tuiv of Orippin, was talking
I. I in il;e smoking room of the
I i i
.'ji'.-r fii'uoi ine im nun 01
"J.me men bear It well.
though.' he said. "I look a Liverpudlian
to Canada last month and the poor fellow
did have a time! Hick from the first day
to the la. t!
"Hut he bore It well, and when we
reached Father Point Jie said to me:
" 't'aptaln. 1 think I'll go straight back
" 'W hy,' said I, 1 thought you were go
ing lo make an extensive tour':"
'No, I think I'll go back now.' he said,
gulping as a nastv swell lifted our bow,
1 see by your rate card that you early
"returned empties ' at half tare." "New
KflilJ tikf li Dope,
William Knox, architect, of nil i lty.I'a ,
revels in a Scotch story he picked up lliis
summer about a temperance lecturer who
used for Illustrations u gtu:i of water, a
glass of whisky und a box of live worms.
He would drop a worm into the Water and
show how il WTigcled. Then, dropping it
Into tlie yiiisky. he would exclaim: "There!
Hue convulsive shudder and II is all over."
"Hand on. there, malsier. Are ye sure
'lis the lhiuor killed the puir worm." a
vo:ee in the audience asked.
"Quite sure: my friend." repl.eii the lec
turer. "No doubt whatever."
' "A-weel. then, just pass over Ihe whisky.
I'm bothered .vvi' worms." Oil t'ity Ha
zard. - !
John I'orbin. author and - la) w rigl l, said
letetitly that he had resigned the pom of
literary director of tlie New theater be-
a r that such
of Virginia we had a delightful old pro
fessor thereabout whose ahsent-minded-ncss
many stories were u flout.
"A Charlottesville bur;-rlar once broc.e
into the professor's hou.je and hid under
the bed. Tl.e old ;v...n. a lit 1 1 aft.r'.vn.d.
entered the room and berau bis pivpaia
tiotis for retiring.
"A.-, ilt his ili'tamy, moonstruck way bit
pottered about the room, hi he;:rd a noise,
startiil und ::.:" with a puzzled frown:
"'lieai inc. is .anyone there?"
V 'No. i.i'ofessor, lepued tlie burglar, ill
a very loiv voice, for ne knew the pro
fessor's p' culiaritii s.
'Well!' saitl the professor. '1 was posi
tive I luurd someone under tin bed.'
"And bis fate chared, he turned in and
was soon last asleep."-New York Tribune.
wer was presiili;
The laic luxiiee lln
v eal's ago. over a civil case in. w ulcll oil"
of th' important Witness, s was n horse
doctor named W'illiums. The doctor v.ys
a small man with a weak little vu.ee. nun
Ihe counsel on both sides, as Wi II as ihe
court and jury, had great difficulty in
hearing his testimony.
I 'uring rross-oxa mirta: 'on the conns -1 for
the plaintiff became exasperated and, began
to pio.l and harry th. litilc man.
"Ir. Williams." ho shouted, " f we tire
evir going to get anywhere with this e:v
vou must speak up so the cohrt vv II heal
. on. Spi.ik up loud and strong, sir!"
The small sized veterinary tried, hut il
was evidently no use. Whether 'inn "in
bari aasnii in or Inability the sound would
"Will, your honor.-'' henun the eoun-el
itnli-'nani I.e. when Judge Hrewer stopped
li m witn a gesture. l.eiming over Ihe
bench he said in his kindly tone-
"Mr. Aili. rn"V. you mint be patient Willi
the doctor. lle'eanilOl help It. V"M'! spenl
.il the sick room have appaientlv made
s;eaking low a second nature with him."
.-'I. I'aul M: patch.
(lie rch Mhio' llepurlee.
Aii nbisliop Kvau of Philadelphia has a
kindly wit which some persons have mis
construed as caustic. At a dinner party a
ludy whom he had hepn ehnfflng thought
she tax: her opportunity and his dessert.
"A fig for von. your grace," she re
onirf.ed. pointedly, passing him a plate of
iVi'in iher leaves, ller waist was cut
very low in the neck.
Ti e archbishop only smiled very politely
am! taking a leaf from the plate said: "A
fig leaf for you, Mrs. X." Ladies' Home
"At one of the liowland-Gordon debates
the other night," said John II. Vx, "Gor
don aiked his opponent why he favored a
tariff m wool. The congressman replied
that it was because wool was a yearly pro
duct. "'Aren't hides a yearly product, too?'
a.-ked .Mr. Gordon.
" No. sir." replied Mr. Ilowlniid. without
offering to go into details.
"'W'hv. Gordon.' shouted a man in the
crow it, 'you e.-'ii't raise a cow In u year.' "
Who Can, Account for It?
N A l.ll'Tl.i: flat near the Last
rlvei, New Vurk. a few e.nings
ago occur: ci an acciil- ai w ei u
ilnistra .t d once in. n o vviiat
seems to iiiuny people a curious
ainU I he pose of v our
lo be like
cause he disliked ihe superior a
offices curr.- Willi tlT'in.
"You decline play alter pla.v
"You make enemy after enemy
tend to be infallil
infallibility is an ugly and un
"Noboii'. . you know, wains
lMyiui s wife.
" That wife of yuurs." sa d a triend of
I'l vim's sv mpathetlcally. 'never admits
having made a mistake doe she?'
' 'Oh.' said Hlvnii, with a bitter smile,
'she occasionally allows thai she made one
inisuike when she marri.il me. Inn she
Won't admit even iliat outside itie family
circl.' '" llosioii Traveler.
'Ike Peculiar Professor.
mhIiuw Wilson, the Lead of Trirceton,
owes, perhaps, part of his popularity to
his story telling skill.
Or. Wilson, at one of bis receptions, said
"While 1 Was a Mudeiit at the I'ulVclMiy
side of a woi'tun's iiatuie.
In the flat livid a carpenter, ooii-ri i
Itllcd and capable at his trade; bis little
nervous, flurried wife, who was in a p'u -petual
suite of being just hall a day be
hindhand in lier wot K perhaps Localise a
least one of her five exuberant children
would alvvavs be iuif ie; at i el , ,!l l.eeil el
chfistisi ment- - and the live, i vi.. .i tin cl.i
ilieii before loeiiiii.i.eii, I he .'in acnm in,
mage of whose f:ruwi!i was foio f.iu tv.o.
Tile carpenter's put desire was t - -i t
once a whole iicw.m.uH of ctotlos Miiiol
talleouslv . The ca r;.eiilei s vvile'.-. p- I d.--Mre
was to have all five ch.ld ,'cil l.ad si
PUntSutliil. she Itlli
short stretch of
'.h it, a;ter
lit reason;. i
il vv lio!e.-u .e
1.. l. j.a- ;.: a
refreshing even lo think of ufu-r yars in
w hich their iiaui;litine.-.- iuo! iiiil-tu. il out
in a thin, slow but p a pet oil .- tuaii.. Her
aliunde, toward ner chihiicii iv as. .v on
by no means Idealistic or fooliM.ly lunil
This particular evening slit: nei.ied some
biead. She told the tidem girl to run out
for it, but as tlie Carpenter wanted lo go
to the drug store lo telephone he ?aid thai
be might as well get iho bread himself,
bo bis daughter needn't botiier.
"You spoil Ihusy chiliii'i-u, Thoina-i," Uu-
claicil his wife. "When I was voun? cfiil
ilnn v.cre male for parents, not parents
The larpenier laughed, went out. shut
tlie door ainl u inoaii nt later a confused
liol-'c came fioin tlie hall.
Hli will- iaii out. on the next landing
of lln- stairs sin- saw her husband lvi:ig on
his face, uiicohsoinie , and w ith a bieeilin
I and .V li 1 1 If to the iu;ln, at the top of
tiie Mail's, .-tood her votingeM child, v'.ito
had bet n over playing at u nci ,hboi hi
flat, sci i amiug vlgoi oii.-..i . For ju-t ou.
st cond liic wile hesltaleil. 'i'lien hie- iv. nt
ucios... to ihe child and f. it his body eaie
fullv . making sure thai he was unhari
b. foi e she ib .m end' il to where her bus
At tl.e (tip of tlie .-lairs tl.e man I. ad
bumped into Lis inuc sun, who vvus run
ning noun-. The lioid had been spun
iiri.iti.il t.'om the shock, but in a diiectio.i
aivay from the staiis. and he was uiihui'i,
though friK btt-ned. The i arpeutcr, had losi
hi-- I alallce and lalicll dov. n Ihe slaos.
After the aciid. nl Ihtr little buy flit li,
at- arid went to sleep. His father v as
taken to the hospital, Vviicle be died a
Now, why did the wife hold the safety of
ilua mere baby who hud four brothers anil
sl-ters mt much dealer than that of the
husband, whose loss tluevv her helpless on
Ihe world wiih five ildldreii to support.
Nev York VVuiiU.
I.ootl I'Vlltllts, hut
Claude ( Iraiiaine-Wiiite, the l.'nglish nvl
iilor prai.-eil ut a ilinner In New Yolk the
gnod-feilow ship of America n.
"The Anierlem man is t.-gariied abroad
as an nugcl." he r ml. "lie Is admittedly
.. g aid lc-llow , but an angel he is far from
"'You've heard of ihe Ficiichniai!, peiiiaps,
whose sweetheart spent the summer In
America'.' Alter i. r return ihe piror
l-'ientinuan stenu d ipile blue.
" What's the matter with you." a friend
"'I am v. oi ri'd.' the oliiee' muttered,
'about inv fiancee. You see. siiire' her re
turn fiom America she kisses so much bel
ter lhan she used to." " St. Louis Globe
1 leiiu .c: a t.
'I be i;aa' n .
I't-ny 1 . itaiiKhlon, the liaivard feot
bah oaoh, was praising, at cea nv ille,
Mi., a neve hulfbaek.
"He's a luivice." y;ild the noted coiich,
"but he ilavs like a veteran. To the
iUvi'. you see. everything comes easy.
Like ibc-etory of Tom und bill, you know.
"Tom and Kill grew up In the same town.
Tom was ( lever and lazyT LIU an Indus
" "l orn is mid blot liens. 1 buppote?" said
an old residtii', on letiiridug to tun town
after twenty 'yea is' ah e ice. 'And p ,or
oiil Hill is dead
" 'Yes that's
But the la't-st
lie's going to
i-Ii, and he's left over a
right," u native replied,
lie ah about Tom is that
marry Hill s wlddei." "
houses, finding whole families living; In a
cave-like room, no larger than a hall bed
room, and lighted only by a door at the
front, in such dwellings the floors and
walls are of slone, and about the only
furniture Is the beds, which are for the
grownups of the family. The children sleep
on the floor. The kitchen Is often on a
porch outside the house, and the water
conn s from a court In which Is a well or
cistern. This well may be used by a half
dozen different families, and its surround
ings are unsanitary to an extreme.
On the door posts of each of these dwell
ings, whether it be of one room or more.
Is tacked up a roll of white parchment sir
inches long. This contains the name of
Jehovah and the Ten Commandments,
livery Jew here wears the coinmanilmanta
lied upon his arm under his coat, and
some have phylacteries about their fore
AVmIIIuh the Loss of the Temple.
It Is on the edge of this Jewish quarter,
just below the Mosque of Omax, where
Solomon's Temple once stood, that the
Jews imnie weekly to sorrow over tlie loss
of Jerusalem and pray God to give the
land back to them. The custom has been
observed since the middle ages, and It Is
still celebrated every Friday afternoon and
Saturday morning. It takes place In a
narrow alley surrounded by miserable
houses. One side of this alley Is walled
with great blocks of limestone, which form
a part of the temple area. Against this
wall about fifty men and women were
leaning when I visited the place last week.
They had their heads bowed, and many of
them shook with emotion as they prayed,
sobbed and walled. The most of them
were old. and the long curly locks which
fell down In front of their ears were of
silver. Others were Just In their prime.
There were also young men and young
girls. Not a few of the male mourners wore
Kuropeau clothes, and 1 saw one woman
walling in a hat and gown of Parisian
construction. Most of the women, however,
were dressed In Jewish costume w.th shawls
wrapped around their beads.
i'.ach of the mourners bad a book in his
hand ami read the Lamentations of Jere
miah, swaying back and forth as lie did
so. Now and then the whole party broke
out Into a chant, a gray-haired rabbi act
ing as leader and the. rest coming In on
the refrain. The substance of one of the
chants was as follows.
O Iord, we pray Thee have mercy on Zion,
Gather the children of Jerusalem together!
May the kingdom soon return to Zlon!
Comfort those who mourn over Jerusalem,
Ami let the branch of Jesse spring up In
Schools and lloaultals.
The Jews of other lands are liberal in
their gifts to the Jews of Palestine. They
have established schools and hospitals In
and about Jerusalem, and have agricul
tural colonies scattered over the country.
These colonies already comprise 6,000 mem
bers, and they own something like lOtl.OOO
acres of laud. Some are in Galilee, some
In Jii'l'a and a very large one Is not far
from the fceaport of Jaffa.
The latter is known as the Llthon 1
Zion. It supports a village of LOO people,
who cultivate 2.5H0 acres of rich vineyards
and orchards. This colony annually makes
millions of gallons of wine and It has a
large export of Jaffa oranges. It was
founded by tho Kolhchllds and after aid
managed by the Hlrsch colonization fund.
Il Is now said to be run at a profit. The
other colonies are similar to It, and some
of them nearly as large. F.ach has a
school, a drug store, a ho.'i'ital and a
The Sir Moses Moiitefioi l jlonles and
schools hero t Jerusalem ate doing good
work, aud the French-Joe.- sh society,
which has l.onGi.oun members, is now main
taining Ho aciiouis, li.ciu.Iiii.j manual train
ing schools for tilt Is hp. bovs. If the stu
dents do Well loty uie given a capital lo
start out with and are established In little
shops of their own. lu some of these
schools the children are so poor that they
are furnished one meal a day, and one
suit of clothes every year.
In addition to the above there are many
other sources from which money comes
here. There Is one fund collected from
Ihe svnugogucs of the I'nited States, which
is regularly sent from New York to the
hoiy land. Il Is contributed to by Jews
all over our country. I understand that
there is home pieitlotl as to whether this
fund is as Well managed as it should be
and It Is said that our consul has been
u&ked to Investigate its distribution. There
are so many Jews here that the greatest
care should be taken that the money seat
should reach the right parties.
FKAMC O. CAKTLNTJiK.
Powered by Open ONI