Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 14, 1910)
THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: AtTOl'RT 14. 1010.
OMAHA PROUD OF SCHOOLS
New Syitem it Taught from Kinder
garten to High School.
BUILDINGS ARE PERFECT MODELS
Many "Mc Uaara Are Within Rearh
f ranlla Reside Mere Roaik
, l.eornlne; Training In
No principle of government l older 01
better known than that the school 'f
the background of the nation' vlrti ,"
that by education more good I iccom
pushed than by any other reforming func
tion or any othr Influence for civil bet
The children are the charge of the go'
tmmrnt In every sense of the word and thr
proper caring for their physical, moril
and mental welfare la the final tent of II
The schools of Omaha, the skill with
which they are administered, t lie cnvr
with which all the feature! of educational
work are planned and executed are among
the city "a proudest possessions.
Tha ftubllo education of Omaha school
children' Is administered In thlrty-flv
schools, Including the high school. Housed
In fine buildings, most of them compara
tively new, ao.floo school children are trained
by the best teachers that can be obtained
for tha money that tha authorities can
afford to spend and everything la planned
for their advantage and lasting benefi.
Tha high school leads In attendance wltl
1.677 as a dally average and an enrollment
of J.051. Kellom has tha largest of the
grammar schools, has an enrollment ol
1.060 and a dally average of over 8U0. All
the others range In size between the Kel
lom and the Sherman, which Is a small
Institution which 140 pupils attenfl.
The high school Itself Is an Institution
which must serve aa the final, secondary
education for hundreds of children and In
deed la an educational goal which a great
many never reach. It Is organized am",
run on a scale of thoroughness and com
pleteness that would have been Imposslbli
In the small college of a few years ago.
Its staff numbers expert of standing In
the various lines of study. Ita rules ol
teaching are scientifically gauged and In
sympathy with the latest conclusions of
pedagogical experts and psychologists. The
state building on the very top of one of
the city's highest hills, with Its surround
ing lawns and stroati and the splsii'litl
vlaw across the town to the bluffa of the
river, la gracious alma mater to thous
ands of irraduates.
Stadeats Well Grftaaded.
The courses of study, based on eclectic
principles are calculated to give every stu
dent a thorough grounding in one or two
fundamentals and to allow those who have
special leanings to get some taste of their
favorite subjects so that they may be en
couraged and Inspired to go further.
Every pupil who graduates has gone
through, four years of continuous study or
tha English language and literature. He
has been acquainted with the greatest of
English classics and with, the ancient tra
ditions . and mythical lor that are the
foundations of literature.- He knows to a
certain extent not only what things to ad
mire In his' reading, but some simple basis
of Judgment that will give him a reason
for his likes and dislikes. He has been
trained in composition to express himself
carefully and clearly. In the Omaha high
school this training Is not only the purpose
of tha work in English, It is the actual
result of It.
Tha thoroughness and efficiency of the
rhetorical training are what have made the
graduates of the -Omaha high school so
readily accepted in higher Institutions of
learning, and the college theme teacher
very seldom can complain of the Omaha
graduate as he does of the graduate of
vo many preparatory schools that ha can
not Srrfta an Engliah sentence.
All mi dern languages that are commonly
Mfced French, German and Spanish, are
taught for four years, and In that time
the careful atudent can get a working
knowledge. Greek and Latin are taught
and the one who cares to ground himself
In classics can get three years of the first
nd four of the latter.
Mathematical training to a certain degree
Is required and opportunity Is given to
carry it much further if desired. Science
is represented In the curriculum of botany
and aoology, physiology, geology, physics,
chemistry and physiography. Kvery pupil
raust know some anctent history and the
first principles of American history and
In keeping with the modern Ideas of
rhat education Includes as necessary in a
young student's training, the high school
has taken the lead In establishing a sys
tem of manual training, and the system
hac spread to the ward schools. Manual
training Itself has been taught in the
high school for twenty years In a two
year course. So far the work has been all
In wood, but the Board of Education is
contemplating an extension for the course.
It will then take up the full four years.
and tha Junior and senior year will be
pent In forge and machine shop practice.
The work of the Omaha manual training
pupua naa always been of a remarkably
high grade, and at exhibitions around the
country, the turning lathe work that Is
dona by second year boys has won a minv
ber of prizes.
m ujuiui iu manual training, a
domestic science department was estab
lished In the high school two years ago.
vu uumirn ana twenty girls a term
can be accommodated, and the classes are
ways run. Among tha girls It has proved
ne moet popular of all elective courses
nd extensions must soon be made. The
anginal Investment waa not large, and
the extension can be made with small ad
ditions to the equipment already purchased
From the high school the manual train.
Ing movement haa spread until there are
complete equipments under the charge of
a. competent teacher In the following ward
schools, Monmouth, Howard Kennedy, Lo-
tnrop, LAke, Caa. Pacific, Vinton, Foreet
(In construction). Comenlus, Mason, Wind
or, twais, Columbia, Farnam, Walnut
HM and Clifton Hill. Even the youngest
of the children can find a chance In these
schools to get some training in the use
f h1a fingers and in the mastery of tools.
ProsrreMlvc Spirit Shown.
The school system of jDmaJia, thanks to
able and prospective officials and to the
progressiva spirit of the boards of educe.
tion that hve administered the finances
et aside for the purpose in the last de
cade, haa always been up-to-date In all
educational activities. Mere fads and no
tions have been avoided but everything
that haa led to more liberal opportunities
to more through sympathy between teach
ers and the taught, haa been sedulously
ought for and applied.
One of the more recent reforms wld
pread over the country In the Interest
of better conditions for school children Is
the recognition of the value of play In
the teaching of the moral and Intellectual
lessons that must be learned. An Intuitu
tion that has grown up as a result of this
movement Is the kindergarten. In the
very first years pt the child's life when
be Is Just beginning to discover himself and
the world about him. he Is taught In easy
stands the principles upon which all his
later education must depend.
Many opponents of the kindergarten sys
tem have declnred that confinement Is
not good for children of five year, but
the expert can show how children can be
taught that work and play sre not m very
different, thst there Is a Joy In doing
things for their own sake and can at the
. . a V. -
same time ne so well sansnen ami ni
kept so well and so healthfully amused
that the confinement Is never notice and
has no bad effects.
The program of a yenr's work In the
Omaha kindergarten department nt tne
Dublic schools, as It Is published by the
superintendent, reads like the prosram of
n series of entertainments for children.
Everything Is demonstrated by play. It Is
" ...... . , iii i. .
a guiding principle trrai irnuum w.i.
given to the greatest degree possible with
out interfering with the teaching of
. Maale Important Factor.
Music Is made an Important factor In sil
the work. Uttle songs easily memortaed
ari taught, as well as short verses wnicn
the pupils enjoy learning. The names of
birds that are seen sbout the school
buildings are learned nnd remembered
nnd some of the more common ones are
dwelt upon until the children are familiar
with their habits.
Underlying every game that Is taught
lies a principle, patent enough to an outer
observer, and so thoroughly made a part
of the gnme that the child Is led to adopt
it Into his world unconsciously and with
More than anything else the instinct lor
constructive effort ,1s cultivated. MaKing
something with his own hsnd, something
thaT he will want to keep is the frequent
task that Is put before the pupil. His de
sire to excell and to -do his work as ably
as possible is encouraged by competition.
With the help of sympathy and care and
the special knowledge that comes to the
teacher of long experience in dealing with
very little boys and girls the child Is pre
pared for education. So when he Is sent
out lnto the higher prudes, into actual
jchool work, and meets with somewhat
iterner rules and less pliant authority he
a not chafed and made rebellious. He
has, to some extent, already touna nimseii
is a person with a place In the worm,
even though it is very small. He knows
lomethlng of the value of work, or obedi-
once and of the pleasure of doing his work
in efflcently as he can. That Is why the
teachers of the first and second grades,
usually tired of trying to pound their 1A,
B. C's Into refractory little heads welcome!
the child with kindergarten training. Part
of the work Is already done. '
Play for Older (Undents.
But the play -prlnolple extends much
higher than the kindergarten and lias come
gradually to affect " every grade, even
through the High school. In the older
pupils It takes the form of athletics of a
more conventional nature. Even the relief
exercises, which were once tiresome ana
fatiguing, calisthenics have given place to
games that enlist Interest as well aa effort
and refresh the minds and bodies of the
people of the school room easily and
All over Omaha the boys have been or
ganised to take interest In athletics. Be
lieving that sports are not only good, but
necessary, the board of education has com
mitted Itself to a policy of providing all
the schoola with large play grounds. All
the new site that are being purchased
have wide spaces for romping and the old
school yards which have become hemmed
In bjr the encroaching of commercial ad
vances or crowding dwelling houses are
being extended wherever It 1 possible. y
in those yards play of every sort is
fostered arid the teachers try to help with
out seeming to Interfere. . When games are
getting stale and old, new onea are supplied
and the principles of everything are ex
The athletic of the older boys, which
amount to specialised field sports as .well
as to the regulation base ball and "pump-pump-pullaway"
are concentrated in the
big lnterscholaatlo meet that Is held every
spring In the Auditorium. Here the high
est rivalry and enthusiasm Is aroused and
all the healthy wholesome effects of sharp
athletic competition are developed. Boys
are altowed to go Into Judicious training
for their appearance and a friendly spirit
of emulation Is encouraged.
Obviously it Is not only the boys who
appear to represent their schools in the
final events that get all- the good from
this system. Young boys are all athletes,
potentially at least, and feel themselves
so, and no natural superiority assures the
members of the team that their places are
safe. "Every boy does his best to crowd In
and gets In the way the benefit of his
Girls la Athletics.
What has been done so successfully for
the boys Is to be done for the girls. Plans
are now under way in the mlnda of those
who have the direction of such things as a
part of their duties to get for the girls
Just' a chance to do what tha boy do,
after their own fashion.
The child's Imagination must be trained
aa well as hla body - or memory and the
other faculties that he possesses. The mod
ern way of doing this, the way that Omaha
teacher are doing It Is by skillful story
telling. As an art, story telling Is now
recognised as one of the beat assets that a
teacher can have. The ability to tell an
Incident well, to Illustrate a point aptly
or to explain some historic, scene In such a
way as to make It vivid and real Is the
ability that enables an Instructor to hold at
Children cannot be made to learn things
with any enjoyment In the process unless
they are made to Seem to be ao Inter
esting as to be .well worth learning. To
develop an Interest In this part of a teach
er's -work the Htory Tellers' league was
founded. It has been mora successful than
waa ever expected. Even mothers, anxious
to gain new ways of making themselves
useful to their families have Joined It and
matched experiences with those who are
paid for relieving mother of part of the
dally task of making good citizens out of
Their meetings are a source of the great-
and those who have listened have all
learned much of the best method of relat
ing the stories that are essential In the
primary teaching and so useful in the
Him Tnnaht to (ianlea.
Another phnse of the play movement
shows Itself In the gardens that are the
pilde of all the schools. Seeds are fur
nished the children and tools with which to
work and the favorable patches of the
school yards are spaded up and son n In
radishes and lettuce and onions and all the
other Kprlng vegetables that do not n' i d
too much csre and attention.
Five oi six hundred boys are drawn Into
the work through their school teachers and
the woikers of the Young Men's 1'hrlMttan
association, which Is an Institution second
o.ily to the public schools In the work It
does to keep young boys Interested In
wholesome pursuits. Every spring there Is
a competitive exhibit and the proud gar
deners show the results of their labors for
prizes and pralne.
All the possibilities o. their own back
yards st home aie made known to the chil
dren in this way. A mode of playing that
brings not only present pleasure but fu
ture results in comfort or gain Is not hard
to teach and does Immeasurable nooil.
The seed merchants of the city are glad
to furnish to the children throuKh the
schools as distributers, all the flower seeds
that they will take at cost. Every child Is
given a chance to send In his or her own
order early In the season and v. lien the
seeds come, instruction is given in how to
care for each sort of plant.
And it is not only, the children them
selves who reap the rcwurds of this pleas
ant activity. The results are seen In better
kept yards. In fresh and beautiful flowers
beds where before were weed patches and
II lab. School Athletics.
Higher still than the grades the play
spirit manifests Itself in the high school
under faculty supervision. High school
athletics are a necessary part of the pre
paratory schools' 1 activities nnd many
youths receive training througn them that
they would otherwise miss altogether. In
the Omaha High school the girls have a
fine gymnasium of their own with an In
structor and they have their competitive
contests In basket ball and other spirited
Another high school activity that seems
a little too staid and earnest to be classed
with the play activities, but in fact an
outgrowth of the same desire for Individual
accomplishment outside of the class room,
Is the-work of the many noclettes. These
clubs organfzed and managed under the
direction of teachers take up debating and
oratory, muslo, languages such as Latin
and ' German, literature and composition,
the discussion of travel and life in foreign
countrlea and everything else that may In
terest the high school youth In an Intel
The bank, glee club and orchestra are
large organizations with enthusiastic mem
bers who spend their time gladly for the
good of the caurce. The work of the Latin
society in awakening an Interest in the
classics and In classic times and places
has attracted the attention of the faculties
of higher schools. A "pupil .nay belong to
several of these at the same time and his
interest developed along many lines at
once. All these activities go to make the
school life more pleasurable, more helpful
and less a dreary monotony.
The schools of Omaha are used by the
board of education as a means of supplying
better teacher for the future and a teach
the superintendent of instruction has been
successfully .carried on for several yea-s.
Teachers' Training; School.
The course extends over two year, and
girl are accepted to take up the work who
have had a high school education. There
have always "been about forty girls en
tered at a time In the two years' course,
divided evenly between those studying for
kindergarten work and those who aspire to
teaching In the grades'.
For four days in the week these girls
go to assigned schools and work with the
teachers. They are called upon to help in
the actual work of school teaching. It Is
their duty, as well as the regular teacher's,
to get acquainted with the Individual neeis
and desires of all the pupils, and, by the
time the two years are up, they know a
great deal of the teacher's trials and prob
lems, although they have been bearing
very little responsibility.
On the fifth day of the school week they
are instructed in a class room In the theory
of pedagogy. The supervisors that have
rhaige of their worl. the superintendent I
.md other aiithni idea, lecture tlim ami 1
direct their study. j
The training school l In fact, an Instl- i
tulion that- undertake to ! the work of
the normal school, but "reverses the normal !
echnol methods, insteid of an over ah in- j
darce of theory and p-nctlcllv no real
experience, the training school lve ple-itv
of expericr.oe and brief Instruction In
theory. V hen the girls itra lmte thv hnxe
been trained In general prlnc p.es a'ld In
the special methods of the Omaha cho.il
Everything thai leads to a higher stan
dard for teachers and teachl;i Is encour
aged In the Omaha aohnoN. One Instructor
In Ergllsh on the regular staff of th
high school Is now on leave of atisenc
In Europe helping a famoiisvhnl spenvlin
scholar In work upon Tlrltlsh Museum
records, and he gives Ijcr credit f r beinK
of great ervlce to him. Others nt akl'is
coiir.'es at foreign universities or travel
ing for general cu'ture .ind Information.
All high school teachers are college grad
uates, and must he tried and experienced
teachers before tiiey are put upon the
ratem of Pensions.
To secure the teacher nvnlnst any fear
that the public Is unsratefitl or iingpiiei
cii. the school' authorities hove , Inaugu
rated a system of old age pensions. Every
teacher's salary Is reduced 1 pr cent and
the tax Is put Into the pension fund.
This amount Is Increased ' one and one
half times by the board of education, and
from the established fund any teacher who
has taught thirty-five years, twenty of
which have been In the Omaha schools, Is
entitled to retire and draw $."i00.
Not only the splendid hlsh school build
ing, but all the school buildings of Omaha
are attractive, sanitary and modern struc
tures. By the efforts of the pupils them
selves any of them have beautifully de
corated Interlors.Evcry class that has ever
graduated from the new hlsh school has
left some memorial of art. The halls: are
filled with fine casts of famous statuary
and well selected pictures. The clans of
1910 bequeathed a fund to have a bronze
tablet erected, which will commemointe
the historic associations of the old Capitol
hill, upon which the building stands.
Many' of the ward schools are no less well
provided with Interior derotatlnr-i. ai d hae
larae collections of worthy pictures.
Putins the lat tr a Isrce wing has
been rtV't to the hlch school, rsrrv'n
out the orlRlnal scheme of the wlu'e c.n
building. It coitalns a l;ie ns-nib v loom,
a feature which has heteinfoie been Incit
ing. tllrsilitner statistic.
Other additions were rnicle to Uals a d
Central Park srhiwls. The new Forest
school will lie finished before verv lorg.
and a new school at Miller park Is pro
jected. The compiled attendance statistics for the
ear litis, which have Justified thce e
tensions and Improvem. nts. nrr ns follows:
IllRll school Icroile f. 1(1, 11, 12) 2 "!
Ornminar crudes ('. 6. V. Si H5I0
Primary grades (1. 2, 3, 41... "MM
KlmieranrtonM 1 Hi'.i
AVKRAtJH IIMI.V ATTENDANCE.
Mic.h school 1 .UT
Ouimmor anil primary grade 11, "Ml
1 Inilei'Knrten 1 1"
NUht school (.: 1?!
Total H.S 6
' MI'JIHKn OF PCP1I.S ENUOI.I.I5D.
White 19 0.1
Total 1 1.3 7
NUMBER OF TEACU.I2I: EMPLOYED.
High school , '!"
(ratnmar and prlmnry grades not
NlRht schools (18 '... t
Special teachers (supervisors! ,"
Principals (entire time devoted to super
vision) '. 1
Mantml training teachers 12
Omnha has a right to be proud of . Its
schools as It can be of any other Institu
tion. There are beside the nubile schools,
that have been described strongly equipped
parochial schools. And over and heyo"rt
all the smaller schools there are several
Institutions of higher learning, each of
which has an Interesting history of Its
own, and nil of them, working with the
public school syBtem, are doing tho biggest
part of what must be done to make the
next generation one of tuefitl citizens.
Persistent Advertising Is the Road to Big
Now sod again you sea two women pass
ing down the street who look like listen.
You are astonished to leara that they are
mother and daughter, and you realise that
woman at forty or forty-live ought to be
t her finest and fairest. Why isn't it 10P
The general health of woman is to in
timately associated with the local health
of the essentially feminine organ that
there can be no' red cheek and round
form where there i female weakness.
Women who' hay suffered from
this troubla bava found prompt
relief and cure in tha use of Dr.
Pieroe's Favorite Prescription. It gives rigor and vitality to tha
rgana of womanhood. It clears the complexion, bright na tha
yea and reddena the cheeks.
No alcohol, or habit-forming drugs i contained in "Favorite Prescription."
' Any sick woman -may coniult u by letter, fret. Every letter it held as
acredly confident!, and ant we red in a plain envelope. .Addres t World's
iOispencary Medical Association, Dr. R. V. Pierce, President, Buffalo, N. Y.
WEDDING INVITATIONS. ANNOUNCEMENTS
All correct forms in current social usage engraved in the best
manner and punctually delivered when promised.
EMBOSSED MONOGRAM STATIONERY
and other work executed at prices lower than usually prevail
A. I. ROOT. Incorporated
1210-1212 HOWARD ST. PHONE D. 1604
est pleasure aa well aa Information for
those who. attend them. The story telling
Is done according to a regular program.
Member criticise each other frankly and a
critical spirit Is the test to which each
story teller must meet In turn. When the
program Is over those who have taken part
17 ms- a m
OaBcMa f Bailcy..
Tbl Institution li the only on
in the central west with separate
building situated In their own
ample ground, yet entirely dis
tinct and rendering It possible to
classify casea. The one building
bring fitted for and devoted to the
treatment of noncontagious and
nonmental disease, no othera be
ing admitted. - The other. Rest
Cottage, being designed for and
devoted to tha exclusive treatment
of select mental casea, requiring
for a time watchful car and spe
I l X2J
wany EPbirits in alifoEn.a,
"1 f """"".." fi
Low One-Ulfay Colonict Fores
Aug. 25 to Sept. 9
Oct. 1 to 15, 1910
Sopt. 15 to Oct. 15
Eloctric Dlock Signals, Dustlcss, Pcr
Porffoct Track, Excellent Dining Car
r.loals and Sorvico. . ... . . .
For Literature, Information,
Etc.. Call on or Address,
CITY TICKET OFFICE, 1324 FARNAM STREET
'Phones Dell Doug. 1828 and Ind. A-3231.
Wakefield's Blackberry Balaam
Give prompt relief and hss been the one sure cure (or Diarrhoea,
Dysentery and Cholera Infantum for 64 years. Where doctors have failed,
where other bowel remedies have failed,
Wakefield's Blackberry Balsam
hn cored ma:iy almost hopeless cases. No opium nor any of the dan
gerous drugs that most diarrhoea remedies have, and it does not con
stipate. It is the het reined y for grown people. It is the best remedy
for babies. It is the world' best bowel remedy for everybody. All drug
gists sell it at 35c per bott! or 3 for $1.00. Get three bottles. It will keep
and may be badly needed some night for a "sudden attack." Ee sure to
get the genuine WAKEFIELD'S.
You have never experienced the delight of
using the best medium priced perfume if you
have not tried gtf
ED. PINAUD'S LILAC VECETAL j
, (Toiltt Watr) J,
This superior perfume rivals the living bios-
som in delicacy and lasting fragrance. A laigq
bottle (6 oz.) retails for 75 cts. '
Many imported Lilac perfumes cost more than this
for only one ounce. Onee you buy ED. PINAUD'S S
LILAC VEGETAL you will never be without M
Refined men and women everywhere use and endorse it.
Ask your dealer to-day, or send us 10 cts. fot a miniature M
testing bottle. itjj
PARFUMERIE ED. PINAUD H
28 ED. PINAUD Bldg. NEW YORK iff
JETTER BREWING CO.
SOtb an T Itreets
Phone XFo. 8.
Oman I 1 Bout On
. MVOO T. BlU I JBTTiiai.
" ism iu.u iumL I aeoa K an.
nusaeai T Bosnia TiMO. Ini. A-1MS. So. 868. P-1898,
1013 Metn St.
Both Phone. B0..
Don't expect to do good work over a poorly arranged
and worn out desk, any more than you would expect a good
carpenter to' build a palace with only an axe.
If yoii have been thinking - SEE US
If you are' thinking - - SEE US
If you want to think - - - SEE US
About the Desks and Chairs worth while.
Phone us and we will do the rest.
Omaha Printing Co.
PiuiSJSl 924-92S Farnam St.
v.niuv tha cmndeur of snow-cuuued irfouuUtn tho restful ilcM.ura of
fertile valleys lh mag-rilf Irenes and beauty ol iiatuias uiandett aud muit
ruUKefl scenery. A trip on the '
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY
offers a vacation at small axuansa to tha must talked of aud lnlereattne
cenlc sucls ill the world. . '
" BAMrr, X.AKB Z.OVISE. PKLBV OZ.ACZB
Here you will find a perfect revol of enjoyment n other place can offer
such an opportunity to kodak, bunt., fish, drive, sketch, climb, betanlse.
Hotels are under direct iuaimoiueiit of the railway company nd slve
Low Bummer Tourist Pare Sally to all Iforth
Paelfle Coast Cities, June 1 to September 30.
If desired, you may ue the Canadian facttio in one Cliectlon and any
other railway In the other.
at act a aiid return from Vancouver, $80 by Canadian Paelfle aneamet.
Aaiiant cure your steamer reservations before starting. Literature free.
Tickets fr sale by agents of all railways.
A. O. BHAW. oeneral HM. fJ nontn .Tir Utreet. OKTOAOO
Powered by Open ONI